The west shore. (Portland, Or.) 1875-1891, March 01, 1878, Page 109, Image 13

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    March.
THE WEST SHORE.
109
WASHINGTON TERRITORY.
The following is a copy of a circu-
l .r issued bv Mrs. A. H. H. Stuart,
Chairman of the Washington Terri
tory Board of Immigration, and pre
sents in a concise form many import
ant facts relating to that Territory :
To persons wishing to come to this
Territory, the easiest and quickest
route is by San Francisco, California,
i tV.nti.-r Iw ctpamshin tit PllOT-t
aim iiiv...-. - r - -e.--
Sound, or the Columbia river; or for
the eastern portion of the Territory, a
man may purchase a through ticket at
rt...n1,.. It,- mil tn VfltAti and thenrp
by stage coach to Walla Walla from
Kelton to Walla Walla is about 500
miles. Persons desirous of bringing
with them all their old home outfit in
wagons, had better come to Kelton by
...,:i on.l thptirf. bv their own . teams
into' Eastern Washington, over the
stage route.
This is a new country and has the
drawbacks incident to such. It is far
from centre of population and is slow
to develop. It is unlike any other
country our people are acquainted with.
It has not the drouths of Southern Cal
tr.ii, .trtt- rim wft mmmifi of the
country lying cast of the Mississippi
river. It is a constant boast of the old
settlers of the Territory that a crop
seasonably put in and properly attended
to nas nevei ituicu if yreiu i u,n.t .....
vest.
This Tm-rilorv is onlv esDeciallv in
viting to the robust, intelligent labor
ing man. and he can sooner place him-
t..H' in n state of indeDendence here
tl,- anu nrrw.r islam ill the WOrltl.
Tradesmen arc not so much in demand
as tillers of the soil, but even they do
well at their trades, though we would
not recommend such to come to a new
country solely on account of the em
ployment they might obtain at their
trades, but for the advantage of acquir
ing cheap property and growing up
with the country.
lont. fttntt. wbn dn not do the best
h.t t",t, Tt should not be the object
f any one to work at daily labor for
...rtt-o tVtn r, vrrtr nr two. as loilff US the
. I. tlt I.....1 I'.tr
government is giving iiiai tniv ......
home6 for merely a nominal fee, and
while all lands can be purchased very
.1 1.. 1 . -.... MMhla l..rmc K.VOrV
man should try and gain for himself
a home, and this is mepiacc 101 111111 iu
do it. Labor is well paid and in de
mand, while land is cheap and in a
mannitr without nrice.
Our toundation lor prosperity is um
valuable land prairie in Eastern and
brush land in Western Washington.
On these is an outlet for over-stocked
labor, room for 500,000 or 1,000,000
men, women and children. To live
1 Minnow ., fttmllv. a nerson needs to
have but five acres of these first-class
i....,lc Mil in nftrfa!t cultivation, with,
' . t r, 1. 11 t.-l.l Aftor
sav twenty neaa 01 nDuwiiwut ....v.
attending to this cultivation and look
ing after his stock which needs no
feeding except from the wild range, he
may do nothing or he may extend his
operations and his fortune. If a man
is poor, what then' Then, there are
I...... Intuhorinir mills, in the
Territory, averaging a daily product of
40,000 teet cacli, auu ciiipiuy mg
.1 1 :., ih.. .vrtnls 7m men each.
II1CI11 .11111 111 HW " .- - .
at wages ranging from $20 per month
tor boys, 10 100, lor cxpcii nis.., ......
1 1 ii.,.nr.l rnul mines emnlov
fully 1,000 men more, and this industry
:.. :..- LlnMln in ho .li'veloned. e
1. .,'.. ,1 RaMaliarrllv second to those
of Pennsylvania, and they arc sure to
be n great source of wealth and to give
employment to tnousanus 01 men. n.
farmers are poor as yet, and do not em
ploy so manv men as the farmers in
older States. " In the counties in which
ul-tM m mills are situated.
thev complain that they cannot employ
man short of from $35 to $50 and
I 1 - ..trtnlh fnr farm UHMIi
and then inev can hwj k " t
men; such can do better at the lumber
ing mills, or in the logging camps, and
w ill not accept of these terms. In other
counties thev must pay $30 and board
per month, while first-class men can
get better employment.
Ship-building is engaged in to quite
:. n m.fitttr business, and
an cxiciiit u itti" 1
employs from 200 to 600 men in the
different yards in the Territory, t ish
ing is another industry which can be
extended almost beyond computation.
Our salmon fisheries are already noted
throughout the world, and employ
hundreds of men in their season, while
OREGON'S PATRON SAINT.
Tttitfr Ptrvtrs. or "TH1 Rainy." This Deity was ttv llns
Greeks denominated Zeus Ombriot) and hy Uciaa, Hretlui, lie was
worshipped by the Athenians, who reared 10 him an allar on Mount My
mettus. This cut is a representation of him as he is matlc 10 apnea! on
the Antonine Pillar. He has the shape of an old man with wings. and
a long beatd, loth arms extended, his right arm raisetl a little higher
than the left. The water streams down ftoin his Iteanl and arms, ll is
pretended that the Roman soldiers in the army of M. Aureliu... who were
reduced to great extremity by drought and thirst, were favored by the jod
with a miraculous shower of this rain, which ihey caught, as it descended,
in the hollow of their shields, llarronious, however, assures us in his
annals, lhat it was the Christian soldiers that were in that army. These
Christian soldiers aie designated in the annals of the Church by llie ap
pellation of the Thundering Legion.
cod and halibut are plentiful and invite
the adventurous. e nave, too, anoui
fifty steamers plying the waters of
Puget Sound, and as many more on the
Columbia river, and as 'many vessels
trading to the outer world. Then
there is the usual man-worn 10 us
found in any civilized country, such as
.. ..., Intinn nf en.ooo scattered over
c, miltsa nf torritorv reouires.
Tins is our laoor ubuk. win "s
nu-.,.n.l tVttit a tino book-keener.
rrootl salesman or a man used to all the
luxuries of life, may not here find a
place to suit mm. ur scuoois "--crtnrl.
but we have about as many
teachers as children. Our morals are
fair, and we have a great nunioer 01
mh1 i.,o..l.r.rs S-tt-vrii rlerirvnien in
the town of Olympia, containing 2,500
souls, while the other towns of the 1 cr-
ritory are about as well supplied.
The time lor tailoring men iu wr
- ..,..L:,,rr ibfttisr-lvps homes is in
.1 umm u-bint business in the
U1C Wlll-Vl OVMV",
many industries is partially suspended.
At this time men sometimes hhu imuw
lelvel out of employment, but if they
are men wno nave nusnauueu siraii
gains through the summer, this tunc
may be employed in preparing for
themselves homes on the Government
land, and it will count more to them if
judiciously employed, than if given to
another lor ordinary nire.
Salaried men here, as elsewhere, do
not always save their earnings, and in
iiiiiuy iiiai.tit.-v.-, " ,
obtained the smaller seems to be the
gain, which is true the world over.
The opening of spring is the time
e.. ti... latusrtnfv innn to arrive here
lui 1111. t -
who desires immediate worn, tiny 01
the towns will require a quantity of
tratles work. Tradesmen get from $2
to $4 a dav, while the common laborer
un-iAws ft'ntn -in to Sfio tier month.
and sav, for a man who is not capable
of hard work, or a boy, $15 to $20 per
month witn Hoard.
TtiMa ! rtloiiiv nf land to be taken
up under the United States laud laws,
or purchased from the Northor.11 Pa
cific Railroad Company, bin it is not
the best policy lor new comers 10 at 111
a hurrv to actpiire land. It is plenty,
- nf it iisidcss. some of it too hard
to clear to be ol any present value,
and much that can be taken without
price by homestead, or al from (1 25 to
$ 50 per acre by pre-emption entry at
the United Mates i.auti oiuie, 111.
is actually worth $50 per acre to the
man who will cultivate and improve it,
He could not sen at inai puce, mini is
n ontv. Out bllll u is ssinui 1111.1
Washington Territory has 20,000,000
ncrei ot nmncr. 10.000,000 nci-3
ntviiri.. anil C nrVYOfVl licit lllllivilll llOt
torn open lor settlement. asningiuii
Terrilnrv has an unetiualed climate 101
comfort 'and beallhfulness. Avengl
1 Qnvlhiv en ibnr Slllll
mcr, 6ydeg.; Pall, 52 dcg.; WltlteMO
deg. Rate of mortality, 1 in 22S. Ex
ports of the Territory are lumber,
hoop-poles, coal, wheat, Hour, barley,
oats, hops, hints, homed cattle, Horses,
sheep, hides, wool, furs and Hah. Over
500 species 01 noweiing iimins in
digenous to the Territory. Pish plen
tiful in its waters. It has the finest
harbors in the world. It is profusely
watered by rivers. 1 wenty navigable
rivers. It' has good schools and school
laws, and churches of all denomina
tions, Washington Territory wants in
dustrious men and women, no room for
loafers.
t '-"WO-
W. C MYKK,
Importer and breeder of Perchcron
horses and Jersey cattle, Ashland, Or
egon, was bom in Jefferson, Ohio, in
the year 1S1S. 1 1 is ancestors came
from Switzerland to Lancaster county,
Pa., previous to the Revolutionary
War. His father, Nathaniel Myer,
and grandfather being born in Lancas
ter county.
At the age of 12 he entered a store
and w as engaged in mercantile business
for ten years but from early life was
an admirer of fine stock, especially
horses. From this cause he laid down
the yardstick and scissors for the plow
and hoe, wisely conclutling tnat tne lat
so pleniv, out " ... ..... . - ., ..
sum to the actual settler upon it who Iter calling would better enable him to
w ill keep it for his own use; such is the
desirable land to gi nyw uu mwm
Washington he may ramble all over
and seek a home in the midst of broad
rolling prairies, or at ihc foot-hills of
the mountains, where he will linu
plentv of timber, but W cstern ashing
on is a difficult country 10 get about in,
the growth is so dense and heavy;
but a person worning ai ..any m. ....
a vcar or two, ls sine .u in... wm.
acquaintance w ho will lead him to the
place tnat jusi mt " "
has saved his earnings he can start right
I. ... m.tinir himself 11 llUlUC. and
never again have to work under the
direction ol anotner. -Many seem 10
too eager to get on to land, and take
such as is worthless, or too hard to clear,
and such become disgusted with the
country.
ultivatc an Intimate acquaintance w ith
thai noble animal.
fowl bcinir a new State and a field
of great promise for persons of limited
means, ill l&tt he located ill thai Male
and engaged in making a farm and
raising stock. Here he remained unm
1853 whan he crossed the plains, tak
ing the southern route to Oregon, and
locating near Ashland. He brought
with him some of the bad horses and
cattle that were to be found in the
Western Stales at that time and imme
diately engaged in stock-raising and
dairying. Hut dairying for outsiders
soon became distasteful and was aban
doned (he knew nothing of the Jtr-
sevs then). This gave him more time
to think, and thinking and observation
soon convinced him of the necessity tor
a larger class of horses than those gen
erally bred in the country; but finding
none of that class in the country that
came up to his ideal, he went East in
S63 and brought out Shgart a grand
ninrovemcnt on the stock of the
country for practical purposes, but still
Mr. Mver was not satisfied. His ideal
of a horse for general farm work was
not realized.
In 1S60 he had over joo head of
horses that he had bred ami raisetl on
and near his ranch. Seeing that his
stock a stock that he ditl not altogeth
er like and the increasing stock ot his
neighbors was destroving his range,
ami not being altogether satisfied at
that time with Oregon, he determined
to return to his fatherland with his
family ant) take lis stock with him, for
the purpose of finding a market for it.
This he found on the road and in Kan
sas, where he concluded to settle, but
soon began to teel that longing alter
the abandoned Oregon home that all
prodigal Oregoniana feel when they
find out loo late, lhat Ihey have fore
saken the ifsl home on earth for a
olace that can never give them even
the earthly rest for w hich they sigh,
and he thoughl on lllis wise: "If
those unhappy people in Oregon who
enjoy its blessings and prosperity, and
regard it us not much ol a country at
beat, could only do as 1 have done,
come back to these Western Stales and
make u$t crop, thev would then be
prepared to appreciate our Oregon!'
Mr. Myer could now appreciate tne
Pacific States as he had not before
lone, and having found out his mhtakt
he set about at once lu correct it.
While in the East in '69 anil 70, he
became somewhat acquainted with the
Perchcron horse, and from bis line ap
pearnnce anil bearing anil the universal
satisfaction given by him whenever
tried, Mr, Myer concluded that this
was M,- horse for which he bail been
loaklnir. He iudged correctly, loo,
that such strong characteristics us was
developed in him such great size ami
power, such universal symmetry of
form and sameness ol color, coniiiincu
with such gentleness nnd docility, were
nut the result of accident, but lhat
neither time nor care nor sense had
been spared to produce hilt). Here,
then, was his ideal, apparently realized,
and after much careful thought anil in
quiry, he determined to give him a
trial. Accordingly, in 1870, having
determined to remove to Oregon, Mr.
Myer botight White Prince and three
mares of the same stock, and brought
them over with him to the golden
shore. The result of thll enterprise
wn. so salisfaclorv. that he has since
made three other importations, well
known to the reading and onecmng
public. Hla lateat importation consists
of a fine Arabian Perchcron, " Arabian
lluv." a two-vear-old Perchcron 1'illcy,
and four beautiful .Shetland Ponies, the
hitler having left Ihe Shetland Islands
last Tnlv. and although 1 and year
olds, arc not much larger than full
grown Newfoundland dogs.
His several importations 01 jersey
cattle hive also been 11 success. Mrs.
Myers' "(iiildcn Leaf" butter is praised
by all and i llie especial delight of
the epicure. ho is fortunate enough to
obtain I roll of it.
I'lose attention to business, strict 111-
tegiity in his dealing with Ins fellows,
have made him successful and won for
him a host of friends and admirers.
Though now nearly sixty years of
age, yet he wears but a slight "hade of
the silver in bis locks, and really ap
pears to be more of the active, ener
igclic business man of forty-five, than
1 one so far down the shady side of life