The west shore. (Portland, Or.) 1875-1891, November 01, 1877, Page 40, Image 8

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    THE WEST SHORE.
November.
40
crushed U detith; anr! proceeded to rotn ve the
rubbish, and lift tho bed clotint. I w.ts lyinj BO
Inn t, buried in thought) but tliu duttt caused me to
b r 1007.0, and nUlfWt the upjirehtmsioiis of the good
people.
''1 imraodintnly rose and dressed myself, and
proceeded with tlietn atjout tliu Palaizo, to see the
dating) it bod sustained. The nusniTe outside
walls were all separated from each other, and trotn
tiie partition walls, and left chasms between,
through which the li((ht apptfiied. I'rov identic I iy,
the room In Which I tlept hud the bed vnn i a
jmrtition wall, and nothing fell on me but pieces
of the ceiling and cornice; had it been on thu other
hide, next the num wall, 1 could not hare escaped,
for it was entirely cofered with masses of masonry
which had urn "hod and buriod under them every
thing on which they full. 1 had repined that I
had uot baft) abie to MOtpt by tliu door when I
ftttempted, hot to this circumstance also i now
found 1 wm indebted, under Providence, for my
preservation. A wing of the house had fallen into
the court yiird, through which I had intended to
imku my way; and no doubt, had I done so at the
UOUMlt i lnud, would hae uuried iuu under It.
"It was now past four in the morning, and we
promdtd with intense anxiety to the government
i n to sort if any of our friend, whom we had
luft so wdl and cheerful a few hours before, had
' 1 1 ' 1 ' ' i The wtather had totally changed. The
sky seemed to partake in the contusions of tho
oatta, It blew a storm, driving the dark clouds
'in.' with vast rapidity. The street were full of
puopl, hurrying in different directions, but all in
profound silence as if under some awful impres
sion, a-id crowding into the churches, which were
everywhere lighted up, and full of people. The
priests were in their vestments singing solemn
dirges, and the congregations on their faces, pros
trated in the profoundest reverence. We found
our frieuds all assunibted, with Lord and Lady
Htrangford in the diniugdiall of the palace. To
t lis loom they had run In tlioir night drosses, as
l a place of some security, being a ground Door
d-ttachod from the e liflcr, and having no building
over it. Here we sat till it was light, telling our
w .-vara I escapes; and then I went out into thu town
to Biio the state in which it was left. Nearly the
whole of the 4,000 boQHI of which it consisted
Win split open in ditl'erent places, and many fr ui
the foundation to the not About forty were lying
)roH(rite, and obstructing the passage of the
fdruetH The front wal's of many were separated
iioru the sides, and hanging over tho way, seeming
md to fall every moment upon the passenger.
Thb toitiUney ol the w.tlls to full out saved many
live; but there win another circumstance to which
thill salety was attributed by the autiotes thoiii
hilres. Tlie tiight had been the vigil of their
great patron saint, Dionysius, and almost the
whole population were watching iu the streets or
OlmnhM anil 0 out uf their houses when the
hook tttt OH The churches were of ImoUUN
itMngthi and UlOUgh "II shaken and shattered,
none ol them full) winch the pious people uni
versally attributed to the interference of the saint
whom Vile they WOM cidehiatiug. Not more than
I it ty dattl bodies were found in the ruins. It up
Utilt, by the concurrent testimony of sevural, that
the who In duration of the earth's motion wus not
lotlffJI thiB IftytMOUdlOr I minute; yet the time
was in irked by the passing sensations of different
people, so that 'brief space appenrud to be hours."
The earthquakes which in the present century
dcnolated the principal cities of Peru, and the stiil
later one thai laid Manilla in nuns, art too froth
lu tho minds of all to need more than a passing
mention.
our expedition would probably have
come to an end there.
After crossing, we turned up the
river, and the Indiana in large numbers
came out of the thickets on the oppo
site side and tried in every way to pro
voke us. Our course was for .some dis
tance southeast along the bank of the
river, and the Indians, some mounted
and some on foot, passed on rapidly on
the other side. There appeared to be
a great commotion among them. A
party had left the French settlement
in the Willamette some three or four
weeks before us, consist Ink of French)
half-breeds, Columbia Indians and a
few Americans; probably about eighty
in all. Passing one of their encamp
ments we could see by the signs that
they were onl) a short distance ahead
of us, We afterwards learned that the
Rogue Rivet s had stolen some of their
horses, and that an effort to recover
them had caused the delay. At about
3 o'clock we left the river and bore
southward up a little stream for four or
five miles and encamped. From our
that of the other comr.any, they fol
lowing the old California trail across
the SUkiyOU, while our route was east
ward through an unexplored region
' several hundred miles in extent.
On the morning of June 30th, we
! moved along the north bank of the
I creek, and soon began the ascent of the
I mountains to the eastward; which we
found gradual. Spending most of the
1 day in examining the hills about the
j stream we called Keene creek, near
i the summit of Siskiyou ridge, we mov
. cd on down through the heavy forests
1 nf nine, fir and cedar, ami encamped !
I early in the evening in a little valley,
now known as Round prairie, about
ten or twelve miles, as nearly as we
I could judge, from the camp of the pre
: vloua night. We found no evidence of
j Indians being about, but we did not
I relax our vigilance on that account,
j We encamped in a clump of pines in
' the valley and kept out our guard.
On the morning of July 1, being
, anxious to know what we were to find
ahead, we made an early start. This
NOTKS AND, REMINISCENCES, LAYING
lUT AND ESTABLISHING THE OLD
IMMIGRANT ROAD INTO SOUTHERN
OREGON, IN THE VEAR 1846.
BY MNPSAV At't'l.KtiAli:,
In selecting our camp on Rogue riv
er, wc observed the greatest caulion.
Cutting stakes from the limbs of an
old oak that itood in the open ground,
we picketed our horsci w ith double
takes as linuly Bi possible The horses
wete picketed in the form of a hollow
gqitrtrc, outside of which we took up
our positions, knowing that in case of
an attack there Would lie a chance of
losing horses and that would he a com
plete defeat. We kept vigilant guard
duftng the night, and, the next morn--ng,
could see the Indians occupying
the same position as .it dark. After an
early breakfast w ebcan to make prep
nftLiani to move forward. There had
been a heuvy dew, and fearing the ef
fects ot the dampness upon our tire
tuns, w hich were imizle-loaders, of
coui.se, and some of them with flint
1 cks, we fired them off and reloaded,
la moving forward) we formed two
division, With 'he pack horses behind,
On teaching the river bank the front
division fell behind the pack horse and
drove them over, while the rear divis
ion faced the brush, with gun in hand,
until the ftont division was salcly over.
Then they turned about, and the rear
dtvUiort passed over under protection
Ot their rifles The Indians watched
the performance from their places of
concealment, but there was no chance
fo tnejri to make an attack without ex.
posing thenltelvei to put fire. The
liver wan drep and inpid, and for n
short distance ome of the smaller aiti
tpntl hnd to swim. Had wc rushed
jR-Il-nwll into the stream, as purtics
sometimes do nutlet tUvluiivumslanct's,
HBfPWMsvOJfe MwBK-t "vj'tm. L sfc''. '?jpP 'v'
l.U.i.lAY.UT FALLS, Wi T. Photo ty Chs J. Huntington, OlytnpU. See Pgs 4S.
camp we could see numerous signal
fires on the mountains to the eastward.
Wc saw no Indians in the vicinity of
our camp, and no evidence of their
having been there lately. They had
evidently given us up, and had followed
the other company which the same
night encamped in the main valley
above. Under the circumstances, we
enjoyed a good night's rest, only keep
ing out two guards at a time.
On the morning of June 20th, we
passed OVOI a low range of hills, from
the summit or which we had a splen
did view of Rogue River valley. It
Mined like n great meadow, Inter
spersed w ith groves of oaks which ap
Hared like vast orchards. All day long
we traveled over rich black soil cover
ed with rank grass, clover and pea vine,
and at night encamped near the other
party on the stream now known as
Kmigrant creek, near the foot of Sis
kiyou mountains. This night, the In
dians having gone into the mountains
to ambush the French company as WC
afterwards learned, we wen not dis
turned. Here our course diverged from
morning we observed the track of a
lone horse leading eastward. Think
ing it hail been made bv some Indian
horse rider on his way from Rogue
river to the Klamath country, wc un
dertook to follow it. This we had no
trouble iu doing, as it hail been made
in the spring while the ground was
damp and was very distinct, until we
came to a very rough rocky ridge
where we lost it. This ridge was
directly in out way. Exploring north
ward along the divide for considerable
distance without finding a practicable
route across it we encamped for the
night among the pines. The next
morning, July 2, we explored the ridge
southward as far as the great canyon of
the Klamath but, having no better suc
cess than the day before, we encamped
at a little spring on the mountain side.
The next day, Inly 3, wc again traveled
northward farther than before, making
a more complete examination of the
country than we had previously done,
and at last found what seemed a practi
cable pass. Near this was a rich grassy
valley through which ran a little stream
and here wc encamped for the night.
This valley is now known as Lone
Prairie.
On the morning of July 4, our route
bore along a ridge tending considera
bly towards the north. The route was
very good, not rocky, and the ascent
very gradual. After crossing the sum
mit of the Cnscade ridge, the descent
was, in places, very rapid. At noon
wc came out into a glade where there
was water and grass and from which
we could sec the Klamath river. After
noon we moved down through an im
mense forest, principally of vellow
pine, to the river, and then traveled up
the north bank, still through yellow
pine forests, for about six miles, when
all at once we came out in full view of
the Klamath country, extending east
ward as far as the eye could reach. It
was an exciting moment, after the many
days' spent in dense forests and among
the mountains, and the whole party
broke forth in cheer after cheer. An
Indian who had not observed us until
the shouting began, broke away from
the river bank near us and ran to the
hills a quarter of a mile distant. An
antelope could scarcely have made bet
ter time, for wc continued shouting as
he ran and his speed seemed lo increase
until he was lost from our view among
the pines, Wc were now entering a
country where the natives had seen but
few Wnlte people. Following the river
up to near where it leaves Lower
Klamath Lake, we came to a riffle
where it seemed possible to cross. Wil
liam Parker waded in and explored the
ford. It was deep, rocky ami rapid,
but we all passed over safely, and then
proceeded along the river and lake
shore for a mile or so when we came
into the main valley of the Lower
Klamath Lake. We could sec columns
of smoke rising in every direction, for
our presence was already known to the
Modocs and the signal fire telegraph
was in active operation. Moving south
ward along the shore wc came to a
little stream, coming in from the south
ward, and there found pieces of news
papers ami other unmistakable eviden
ces of civilized people having camped
there a short time before. We found
a place where the turf had been cut
away, also the w illows, near the bank
of the creek and horses had been re
peatedly driven over the place. As
there were many places where animals
could get water without tins trouble,
some of the party were of the opinion
that some persons had been burled
there and that the horses had been driv
en over the place to obliterate all marks
and thus prevent the Indians from dis
turbing the dead. The immense ex
citement among the Indians on our arri
val there strengthened this opinion.
Col. Fremont, only a few days before,
had reached this point on his way
northward w hen he was overtaken by
Lieut. Gillispic of the U. S. army with
important dispatches and returned to
Lower California. The Mexican war
had just began and the "path-finder"
was needed elsewhere. On the very
night he was overtaken by Lt. Gillis
pic, the Modocs surprised his camp,
killed three of his Delaware Indians
and it is said that had it not been for
the vigilance and presence of m'nd of
of Kit Carson, he would probably have
suffered a complete route. At this
place wc arranged our camp on open
ground so that the Indians could not
fossibly approach us without discovery,
t is likely that the excitement among
the .Mottoes was caused, more than any
thing else, by the apprehension that
ours was a party sent to chastise them
for their attack on Fremont. Wc were
but a handful of men surrounded by
hundreds of Indians armed with their
poisoned arrows, but by dint of great
care and vigilance we were able to pass
through their country safely. On every
line of travel from the Atlantic to the
Pacific there has been great loss of life
from a failure to exercise a proper de
gree of caution, and too often have
reckless and foolhardy men who have
through the want of proper care, be
come embroiled in difficulties with the
Indians, gained the reputation of being
Indian fighters and heroes while the
men w ho were able to conduct parties
in safety through the country of war
like savages, escaped the world's notice.
( To be continued!)