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About The west shore. (Portland, Or.) 1875-1891 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 1, 1877)
THE WEST SHORE
THE SMILE ANJ THB SIGH.
A lonely fimile, which tniled In eadntss,
Onc lulled upon the umItik brci-M
A new-born High, which IkIil-U in ladni m,
To I'HI' ft fnllr-H BMfW 'v'
The Sinllo iml Hiifh mum formed union
A UN foil i n rliial in.'. bleat -
Whereby, In brotherly iiminninion,
i-u i. worked to lf the other rutt.
Thus mutually their Mil In relieving.
They lived in i- icH ill lijflit ami Hluulc,
No (ictty ItakYlUSQI OOOBSWnf ,
Of naught, not even death, afraiil.
Anil when, with MOMkMp "till unbroken.
Fate OMIMd them fur a time to part,
Kocti of the other kept a token,
To prove the two were one an heart.
Kor, tmliiikc, the Siuh to Heaven wan carried
On arii;i-lit' yulilin hiiil;- "iitiluv.
While, aiiftiiiii:. tin: Smile im earli mil! tarried,
And lent im uhnrm to llfelexa clay.
Till then, thin world was oftlfl dreary.
But xince then (mi tho lfnJ Nayelh),
In ..i I. - m.I, (ivei, Ufl unto the tnUJ
A TKUK STOHY.
"tfaatrr few hath M man than thU."
From a home that hud two dirUllft,
One wan , . I, , Hint mat away;
llahy liiilpli ami littlu Willie
MUmmI bun itorely at hli play.
One ilay u he talked about him,
Wmdwlng ninth where he had Kutic,
Winning mwh he would not tarry,
BroiUSI Willie wax u lime.
Halil innther, M lviillliiir
s in tiling of In r Mi rel pain,
"What would Willie Hive, If only
liuliy ludpb would DOOM again T'
DnOMl) the liltlc head In alienee,
Thinking hard, 'twat plain to mm.-,
Then hu rtlHike nut hruve and Milder,
"ilanima, 1 would give (iod me " '
OIVB THB 0IEL8 A OHAKOB,
A pica fir the initiating of girll in a practical
knowledge- of house-keeping " liy suffering
thom to buy the supplies from Hum to tune,
that they may learn prices and valuta, ami bow
to decide- qualities ami kind, both of provition
ml nMhlngi thus loquirinj a knowledge of the
out of artick'H in daily use tliut would beget
prudence and economy i the minsgernont of n
family," is being copied freely by the press.
The writer wlttdl up with "Mother, try it."
He should liavu appealed to fathers, alH.i, as
in a majority of families the mother haw not the
handling of cash nOQBtttl or credits fur the pur-
thasu of household wppliee, it depends on the
father to give the girls this chance ; and in
either casu his en .operation and encouragement
are almost indispensable to a desirable result. In
peaking to this (mint, a page of personal ex
(Miriuucu may not bo amiss by way of illustra
tion. For convenience in trade of a mixed charac
ter, my father madu six mouths' bills at our vil
lage tore. I, being the eldest child, was usu
ally sent to sample or purchase supplies for fain
ily use, it Iwing left to my mother to determine
Hie kinds and ipiautitios in ordering the same.
Once 1 forgot 1 was scarcely nine years old -to
inquire tho price of some trilling purchase,
but never again, for my lather always consid
erate ami genial in his temperament cnlled me
to him, ami in tones serious but full of feeling,
remarked, "you do not have to work and earn
it, as your father does, my child, or you would
never forget to impiim ami count tho cost of
what you buy."
At 14 I was sent from home to school witli a
turso reasonably supplied, and an injunction to
rep an account of my cxitemliturea for his in
spection, which I ditl to a penny. Prior to that
tune my father bad habitually called my atten
tion to the clothing supplies for my own or the
family's wear, particularizing qualities, prices
as to nigh or low, and the comparative economy
of different fabrics, and of purchases by the
web or by the pattern. In the latter depart
ment as in the economies of making and mend
l"g, mv mother's judgment was always appealed
to, first or last, as infallible, and these lessons
were given, as my father once told me, that I
might "learn to take care of myself and my
family, if lever bad one." "Keep an accurate
account of your expenditures," said he, "and
you will know, if you should over be thrown
upon your own resources how much you must
earn for your own siipjMirt, and can calculate
for the support of your family what must 1k
the joint income of yourself and l land."
Ami here let me add that my father, who
had several strings to bis business how, annu
ally prered and confided to my mother an in
ventory of his property, real and personal ; tho
values set to each itemued parcel Iveing such as
Would undoubtedly w readied in the event of
his decease and its sale in the settlement of his
estate, as he explained. To these papers was
appended a statement of the year's increase or
decrease of the sum total, with how much was
business income, how much increase by im
provements or a rise in prices i or, if loss had
accrued, whether it came by casualties, or
shrinkage in values, etc. In my fifteenth year
my father extended this confidence to me also,
remarkinc that 1 was "old enouuh to lie trusted
with a knowledge of his pecuniary affairs, and
he had H fear that I would presume upon it to
This confidence in my filial sympathy and Ait
return, with the discipline of active co-opera'
on in the matter of household supplies, U-
same, hy habit and aaacviation, a well-spring of
sweet and prutitaule imnionea. w hich 1 eartn-d
with me into my own home. And whether that
home was m the city or the country I a well-
luruwim uouae in nrw rjigiami, or a log cahtn
surrounded by the fresh broken sod of a Kenaas
prairie, the "chance" which my parents (ave
me Itv such leasona m expanditure and the keep
ing of accounts, made it posaihU for me to so
Mcouot the oust" of neceasary family supplies,
that 1 could uot, without violating my aelf
resjwot and the cherished ambition of a Ufa of
memharrassi 1 usafulnsaa, commit the fashion -
able extravagance and social larceny of living
beyond my legitimate means.
I tirmly believe that, the same " chance"
given, eight girls in ten will admiuister their
household affairs in the "pay as you go" spirit,
and judiciously apply the means in hand to the
health and comfort of the family. Of course
intellectual culture will determine, so far as
tastes and means are in harmony, the social at
rnoBtdiere of home life. But in the absence of
a proper training in the domestic economies, the
restful enjoyments of a cultivated intellect will
le like pin-cushions drawn from a grab-lag to
trio motlierot a tamiiy.
"What the first generation gets the third
spends" is a homely old adage, and true of the
mass. The reaxon whv is anoarent to even an
ordinary thinker. The second gem-ration breaks
tho Itreao ol toil witli the first, ami, cuuneu in
its nrmeotl. svnmathizcs with it. and learns by
heart its forced economies. It has formed the
habit of industry, the habit of economical ex
ieiiditiires and uses, and when, in tho course of
time, it is enriched hy tho savings 01 tlie fail
en. It adds thereto and latum to its nhfldreB-
tlie third veneration a (.'onerous coninetenct
possibly wealth. Hut Umb third generation has
not been trained like tho second. It has never
felt the pressure of necessity ; never eaten of
trie loaf weighed out to the wages m oaiiy ion,
or worn tho scant gnrmcuts tittcd by the iu
mraltv of a riaid economy. It has been shield
ed, perhaps, by mistaken affection or moral
cowardice, from an industrial training, involv
Inn ways and means for a life fruitful in self
control and honorable ambitions, and left to
drift with the tide of fashionable extravagance,
lives romptaouily to till a pauper or a suicide's
crave. What the first and second generations
accumulated by practical industry and economy
the third L'eneratiim. throuch lack of industrial
and economic training of its predecessors, flCU
"." Are. 0. . H. yiehol in Parifie
i, unit rreM
color in HOUSE FURNISHING,
From a recent lecture on " Industrial Art," by
Charles L Kostlako, wo tike the following par
agraph: While on the subject of color, I can
not In In ftuvinL' that tho more I study its effect
uml value, wliethur in pictorial or decorative
art, the more convinced 1 am that its applica
tion will DC found more harmonious m instances
where ouo dominant hue is found to which all
others aru subordinate. You havo all heard of
that famous picture, "liainsborough's llluo
Hoy,", which is the delight of every painter
and connoisseur. Now why has this portrait
such extraordinary attraction? Chiefly, I ven
ture to think, because it has this quality of
chromatic unity. You r cognize it at once as a
blue picture, I don't mean that it is all indigo
or cohalt, or I renrh MUC, or rrtUliM blue. It
may pass from one to another of these shades,
and in, In. I. irrav. white mid grain. You muv
get wanner hues of pink and brown in the flesh
tinu and background, by delicate contrast, but
the prevailing tone is definitely blue.
W ell I think that our rooms should be deco
rated on this principle, uot in the upholsterer's
Hcuse oi narmouy oy covering an ms itiriiiiurc
with stuff cut from the same piece, and by hang
ing up curtains to match, but by making one
MOT dominant and ringing in a variety ot
hanccs on it. In this way yellow might lead
up to green, silver gray up to purple, and Ven
etian reu up to urown, uui inesuonrumaio tints
in each case should havo a certain affinity to the
liuninnntcolor.and when you havo settled all this
ran will tin, I that any little bit of contrast intro
luced provided it be unobtrusive, and does not
nterfere with your scheme, will have a cheerful
rather than a discordant effect. And this prin
ciple concerning tho decoration of a room may
lu safely applied, I think to all departments of
design in which the element of color is a lead
ing feature; as for instance, in textile fabrics,
paper-hangings and the surface patterns of lot
tery and china. Wherever you tind two or
nioro colors introduced in such even proportions
mat you are puzzieu to Know which rules, so to
teak, lie sure the design is bad.
DRE8B EUrOKjn. A few vui since the phil
anthropic women of tho Now England Wotnan'i
Club, recognizing the wide-spread and rapidly
inereasiuc dissatisfaction in ronril in wnmnn'i
dress ami tho caprices of fashion, determined to
make serious inquiry in regaid to these dissatis
factions, and to determine what steps could bo
taken toward making it more healthful, artistic
and serviceable. 'IJiey discovered that the
itadel to U-attacked was the undcrclothinir
for, says Mrs. Woolson, "What are a few niilles
more or less, a fitful change in the trifles of
finish and trimming, to the inequalities of ten,
jierature, the burdens and the compressions,
which our dress in every one of ita many forms
must inflict They aru but mint, anise and
cummin compared with the weightier matters of
physical laws perpetually broken by an estab
lished and unvarying stylo of senseless under
wear. What then is needed is not to assail
fashion, but to MM A hygiene," and in order that
at least unco a year a national object lesson may
be given, Mrs, Woolson suggests that at every
national, ,iu- ami county exposition we ought
to have a dress department, where the best
material may be shown, and where styles, from
a hygienic, aesthetic, and economic point of
view may ne discussou.
BOTXAl Inkrith. In an article in the Pop
ular Stktot Monfhlu. K. H. Inland writer
"The lile of ooitons or eamiveroua antaisuot
all work, however; they seem frequently to be
employed in a way that looks like recreation.
This always takes place in a sunny nook. The
mam column of the army and the branch col
umus are in their ordinary relative positions
but instead of pressing forward eagerly and
plundenng ncht and left, thev seem to be
mitteu with a tit of Iuinea. Some walk
slowly about, others brush their antenna with
their fore feet, but the drollest sight is their
cleaning one another. Here and there an ant
may be seen stretching forth first oue Irg and
then another to he brushed and washed by one
or more of its comrades, who perform the task
by iMUHuni: the limb ttctwecn the laws utd the
tongue, (iniahing by giving the antenna' a
THE SUN'S DISTANCE.
A writer for the New York Tribune notes that
a somewhat unexected result is obtained by
the reductions of the British observations on the
last transit of Venus. The data used are the
l (;.,- jt-niBrni.i..) in RdrvttL Honolulu,
tfew Zealand, Rodriguez and Kerguelen. The
photographic observations nae not
reduced, and there are also eye observations
taken in India and Australia that may be util
ized, but it is not believed that any great change
in the computation will be effected by tlie
ligures obtained from the latter source, aud the
value of photographic observations is U yet an
f be new British calculations
nfm for the value of tho sun's parallax, 8 .iW,
u-;th n nmhMa Prmrnf 0013. This corre
sponds to a distance for the sun of '.):(, 300,000
miles, with a proDMM error oi '
Thm eurioiiH feature about this is that it is, in
some measure, a return toward the old figures
which made the sun's distance very much
greater. These old figures from tho transit of
17I7J were believed to be in error to the evtent
of three or four per cent. But if the new figures
for the parallax be conceded, it will he estimated
alwiut midway between the extreme view The
following table will make this plain : in it, No.
I is Prof. Knck's estimate from tho transit of
17C9; No. '2, Prof. Newcomb's as used in the
American Nautical Almanac; No. 3, the esti
mate of Uverrier adopted by Prof. Hind and
given in the Itritish JSauticai Almanac; no. ,
the recent deductions iroiu too m-mmi uuacnu
tions on the last transit :
Eitlmate. I'urullttx, seconds. Distance, miles.
No. 1 H.67'0 'Ai"..'.!, (MH
Nu 2 .8.84s ttJ.SsI.O00
No. a..! 8.ii oi,.ooa
No. 4 8.70 W,a.0W
ErxALYJTt H Tea. Mrs. Fuller, of the Eisen
farm, infornis the Fresno Republican that she
makes, daily, a pail full of tea from the leaves
of tho blue gum tree, and that nil the men
about the place drink some of this every day.
There is not now, nor has there been any ma
larial Bickuess on this ranch during this season.
We know of onr own personal knowledge, says
the Republican, that there were several cases of
intermittent and bilious fevers on the same
nlace but vear. Irrigation is extensively prac
ticed, and lost year a krge body of water passed
through the ditch, which raised the water in
the well, and also afforded a fine opportunity
for frequent bathing. Some of the hands care
lessly drank water from the ditch, and Bickness
followed in consequence. The absence of wind
last season gave miasmatic poisons a better
chance to generate than usual, but still we feel
satisfied there need not have been more sickness
than usunl lost year. The drinking water used
this season is first boiled and tbenollowed to cool.
The place is kept clean and in perfect order,
anil all hands take a little blue gum tea daily.
The prophclactic and curative properties of tho
Australian Kucaly4us Globulun are well known
to medical men, and different preparations of
it are often prescribed. It grows thriftily in
this climate, and no better preparation can bo
made than a tea made from the leaves, which,
however, Bhould steep, not boil, as boiliug
drives off the volatile oU which gives the plant
ita aroma and medicinal virtues,
The Pkksekvation of Wine with Salicyl
ic Acid Prof. Nesslcr. of Carlsruhe, hasjdis
covered a mcaiiB by which wine can be preserved
by means of salicylic without necessitating a
mixture with tho same. He recommends the
use of molten paraffine, containing two per
cent, of salicylic acid for the saturation of
Binall sticks of wood or cork, say of 15 m. m.
length and two m. m. thickness, which are to
he thrown on tho aunnce oi the wine, ami
thereby prevent tho formation of mold. Ex
periments showed that wine, which would or
dinarily spoil on an exposure of eight days to
atmosphere, was with tne addition of the wood
l uli I.h bo prepared, perfectly clear and
sweet, even after an exposure of four weeks.
It tno mold has already been formed the ad
dition of alcohol effectually kills the same, and
causes it to fall to the bottom of the ves
sel. The addition of the salicylic acid in the
way described prevents further formation.
The cost of thus preserving wine would not ex
ceed 15 to 20 cents per barrel.
Fklt Mats. The Western Alanvfacturtr s&vb
that mats and rugs for carriage doors, etc., are
now made of felt by the following process: A
piece of felt of suitable thickness is cut into
strips three to five-eighths of au inch in width,
and as long as the mat is to be wide. These
are laid sido by side on edge, and holes are
made through them, and through these holes
cords of fine wire are Mused, and the strips are
then drawn tightly together and fastened in
lace at each end ot the wires, lhlsgivcsa
abric as thick as the strips are wide, and of a
light, flexible and elastic character. The strips
may be in various colors and may be disposed
in any dcsirablo jtattern. These mats are re
lorted to lo strong and durable and able to re
sist heat, cold, dust and severe usage. The
color keeps well because in dyeing the felt be
fore the strips are cut a uniform color may be
obtained, and when finished the mats have a
good face on either side.
I.IMI I I: ,1 Tl,,. 1 1
ni luimwiug umm I'll II li-inin-
mended as the best mode of preparing lime dust
.... uuu iiimren, uic: i.ihr s pec oi iresn or
sharo limo l,nLn ,.,., . ,., .n .. .. i
add to it four pounds of Hour sulphur. Add one
uuru u mucn oouing water, or just enough to
slack the lime to dry powder, and cover tho
j mm ine ler i poured on. By
adding water it may be made into an excellent
whitewash for trees, thejsulphur increasing its
Tilt Cavk Pwillirh. According to .Yarn
V'tm Vl nmsBBn, place ine cave
man in the bon rather than the stone ag.
highly finished, while his stone implements
: , I J ' i' uiu Niu we
cranuil developments of the care people, show
that they possesoed a high capacity for culture.
MARRIAGE OF RELATIVES.
There ib a good deal of confusion in the
marriages between relatives. In the ntsaTfi
animal creation it is noticed that interl-?
generally has good results, and it in v!
tain that m some cases tho marriage of cL
results happily in the matter of oSprina2!?
the human spieccs. It is, however qbaTS
that in the majority of cases the ofnmlLTS
children of cousins are defective, and vSu
opinion in consequence declares acainstZ
unions. This topic, aays the New York f;
is again being discussed on account of 276
lowing statement which has Wen widely Mi
ished. touching the celebrated naturaliat,
"Darwin married his cousin. His chUt
William Darwin, is a banker at Son&ZS
tlie second, (ieorge, took high honors at l'
bridge, and is now a fellow at Trinity-'
third, Frank, who has inherited his father' !a
health, acts aa his secretary; the fourth
rd, is an officer in tlie artillery, and 'dirt!'
sent to observe the transit of Venus: the RP
Horace, is an excellent mathematician, ft
married and one unmarried daughter comnuT
tht familv." b
The rule with regard to tlio intcrbreedimr nf
either men or atminiU seems to Imi tl,i.. uT6 1
and robust parents, if of allied bloods areS
to have children in every way superior to uW,
progenitors, while weekly or diseased tJZ!
if cousins, arc almost certain to have defectiiS
: HB mh jLi jn "iure, m the i
.uu, au.eu mum s, iiitenmhes the roW
pecufianty. whether it baatranirtli nP...L7
The bulk uf mankind is imperfeetlv kj .
as a Mnseouence, the children of PcopUilJJJ
, j ; " ,,4"T,U? "UI1"- "cat. cnu-
pleil, or m sonic way diseased. IWIipi, l,l.r
as seems to be tho case with the Darwin fun!
vi - uwuwuiMu ucaiiny, or ro
bust, the offspring is benefited by the union.
Roll-call The baker's visit
MAR8 third satellite may nrnvn nn ItLX.
So far it is nothing but Draper-y.
Tuhkh wear no heels on their shno a.
iiuniuiio van u uiunu luviu neei it.
TBI Halt Lake Tribune, savs: "Or, L ...
pulling tho Hyde off of what is loft of Brigou
1. 1 1 1 -1 . i nu ii ia just now examining the riot
bills presented to her, and studying tEe problem
At n iirinters' featival Inal,. tl.. r.n .
" , -m. uiimu UBUUSKI 10 UK
press in the dissemination of news."
CAfK Cod cooks put a deep fruas .ir,.nn,i
their huckleberry picB. Here they put s hurr
double hem and flounce around any pie.
A Canadian bit his wife's nose off last mk
They muBt have poor whisky up there or iht
eouui uave Biiieit, ins uream at a safer uutuct.
PnTsnUROERS sav: "Whv. it isn't m M
here as in some places. There's Thebes, for in
stance, where the ruina extend for twootv miles. "
Patrick, lamenting hia late better half, uid:
'Och, she was a jewel of a wife. She ilnn
struck me with the soft end of the mop"
It is a remarkablo fact that tho bov who
"didn't know the irun was loaded" is alnn
found at the safe end of it This needs inwti-
As Irish coachman, driving past some fields
aim addressing a smart girl engaged in shearing,
exclaimed, "Arrah, my darling, I wish I this
jail for stealing ye,"
Wk have Positive nmof that nelinani mme-
timcs kill whales, for one recently run moot
at Humboldt with tho marks of the Peliou'i
beak on his neck.
"Great emergencies," says an excaugt,
'are mat men's opportunities. " Will wme-
body be kind enough to hand us a great emer
gency Rochester Democrat.
"Comb down this minute." said the best-
swain to a mischievous son of Erin, who w
idling aloft "Come down, and I will gi J
a good dozen, you rascal!" "Troth, but, u' I
wouldn't come down if you would give ms nre
KiciiAKD Grant White casually remarked
that "Ho who can write what is worth the
reading may make his own grammar." Whert
upon the Burlington Hawkcye resnomU: 'Thost
is which we has always did, Mr. white.
Aokntleman havinc a horse that eUrtel
and broke his wife's nock, a neighboring sqiurt
told him he wished to purchase itforha
to ride upon. "No," says the other, "I"
i mm ii. i intenu to marry again w;-
A vunnT-Ruin nrt. nf & linv with feet
Central market yesterday till he reached ssnB
kept by a single woman about thirty yesn
Halting there, he yelled out: "Say I say 1 I
little boy has been run over and killed, op V
tho city hall !" "Oh ! oh ! Heavens-ohlJ'
r 8ho screamed as she made a divetr
the counter, came op on the outside, anditarw
to follow the boy. After going ten f
halted, looketl very foolish all oi asuaucu,-:
remarked: "Vhat a goose I am ! Why, I
even married ! I'ttroU tree nip
ARorND thk World. The date of the
ing of the Woodruff scientific expedition
fixed at October 28th. Only 60 had J"
"booked" up to Monday of last week, altaotp
the minimum is 250. Gen. Macauley and
Wooilruff, however, expect to sail IirJ
but in case of failure, the tour will M r
poned a year. At least 800 have ma
quines, and over IUU have promiseu i"
fee has been reduced from K,000 to $!
Charlm Lamb wae once naked by jj
mother knw I,.. liVwl K.VM With htS
ble stutter he replied: "B-b-b-bciled, Mj