The west shore. (Portland, Or.) 1875-1891, August 01, 1877, Page 222, Image 2

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!V Mlth. B 1IOFFKTT.
1 had u Jrtuiii, 11 rlrvaiu last uight,
I u tlie moon, in her iplsnilor bright,
Gome forth in the calm, -till night,
To brighten licuvun's highway.
I mw, us it wero, it silvery stream,
In whirh wis uiirrar'd, bjthoni'Xia's bright beam,
A iige of life, from whiih to gleam
Knowledge of a future day.
I htiw, close by, oti angel band,
Satted there ou tbe pubbly itraud,
1 1. jiii 11 n - music soft m i grand
From many a harpsichord ;
Atid I asked them, might I read,
Wbat in that puge was decreed,
So 1 li it I could give a lined,
And avoid lUt'i great discord.
Ttiuy smiled and iniirniur'd soft aud low,
Hut whether it was yes or no,
Pol me to stay, or for to go,
T-W the life of inu 1 could not wiy ;
Vet, I vowed that I would see
What therein was written of uio,
Twill fraught with such perpleiity,
I was glad to turn away.
I 1 i k wim looked again.
Saw leu ol pleasure, more of pain,
Written under every uanie,
Which caused me tearful grief;
I'hi u a voice fell on the air,
Saying, " Mortal, ne'er despair, ,
There is much in life that's very fair.
And a mortal's lim is so brief."
Tbtfl angels tool me by tbe hand,
An ) led mu through a llow'ry land,
And in words so tendur and grand,
Liudly bade me never fear;
When Uie time on earth should come,
Por us to wander home,
Though we must go alone,
Angels would be uear.
Than I seemed to limit in dreamy bliss,
II it 1 was so sure of this.
That it could not be nil a dream ;
I Jelt tin weight of perfumed air,
Jf heaven's own breath, upon my hair,
find knew I then should noun be there,
In Ileuven's own realm.
iiv o.vitKTH. (Douglas county.)
U OrtfOU, dear laud that gavu me birth I
Thou liest alike the fabled lotos laud,
The grandest, fairest clime in nil the earth,
llnghtly itabomd with green, on every hand,
Thy valleys lie the shrines of love and mirth,
for thou doll never curse Ihy sons with dearth
Of (nod, but, by IVitle's gentle bftUM fanned,
They trail the tmit u Uod'i gmit wisdom
II iw iWfttlj 00 to us Dftch gentlo i-iring,
With all its wealth of smiling skies nud Bowtfl
11 l lightly, then, thy youths incline toaiug
' if love, tbn' all its dreamy, tender hours,
An 1 proudly, to Ibaii mother! altar, bring
tllftd pean, which, through coming yiars, shall
Pond praises to jrottf streams and muuntaiu towers,
I I ieet, mysterious, mother laud of MM !
Am) so tblO all Die seasons of the year
Uriftht suinmei's wealth and Autumn's ptiucely
Anil Winter's fireside comforts still moredeor,
Inspires our grateful praises more and more.
An I all our hopes, into a future grand,
i: ich out, aud nearer, still, we see the time
Whoa commerce, art, invention bleu the land,
And when the kiiii shall warm no mightier clime.
MeUtllka, that he, who "neath these awful peak,
First draws the breath of life, ia horn a king.
Not to the pOWMf which some DMA tyrant seeks,
II it tVmi to lead m inkiud, destined to bring
Into rl.e liMt and strife of this mad world,
I htl ealui, clear uiiud aud ftjfUsM heart that
The applause ol listening miliums, aud hath hurled
letf to its ,oud n treat, all sliaHs sin.
V . unto thee, dear land of hills and streams,
1 1 tfiveu to roar, the men of uughtr tout,
lit whom the Old World's foud Aroadian dreams
Shall live again, and while the agoe roll,
Mright history's muse shall rati her at thy shrine.
I'lHilOil that hr, as the once accur-wd man.
At li.i, hath come within the pate divine,
And. Mrtuom, might have frewt us from the MM.
north, according to his reckoning- as town of Acapulco, from the deck of
44, he certainly passed the mouth of one of the Pacific Mail Company s
the Umpquaj but he says nothing of steamer? who beholds no cultivated
the coast thereabouts, and probably was j country in its environs, and sees noth
prevented from seeing it by fogs. ling more civilized, perhaps, than the
It is quite a noticeable fact that every naked Indian divers, and venders of
expedition by sea lost great numbers of! fruit and shells no vision of past great
its men, from which wc may infer the
hardships of navigation in the small
ships then in use, as well as the un
wholesome food with which they must
have been supplied. Certain it is that
the Spaniards endured incredible suffer
ings both In their sea and land expedi
tions, without beine at all deterred by
them. Their enthusiastic zeal in dis
covery, however, fostered by the greed
of gold, tempted them to exploits that
have no parallel in history. Led on by
tins, tney not only discovered new
coasts and surveyed them, but they
penetrated to the very heart of wilder
ness countries, exploring great rivers
from their outlet to their source, ac
quiring titles to the territory drained by
them, which other nations long after
were bound to respect. In this inan
ner they had, as early as 1543, gained
all of the country lying west of the
Rooky mountains and south of AO as
Well as that large and undefined terri
tory then known as Florida, lying
north of the Gulf of Mexico, and west
of tbe Mississippi river.
It is somewhat curious that with all
their expeditions, both bv sea and land,
they acquired so false an idea of the
extent of the continent. They seemed
always to be expecting to come upon
that much desired passage to India, the
search for which deserves an epic as
much as did the far-famed Argonautic
expedition of the Greeks, the Indian
passage and the Golden fleece being
equally fabulous. And still, after pass
ing 440 north, they persevered. They,
on this coast, believed that the Atlantic
coast was not far to tbe cast of their
California discoveries; and, on rflie
other, that it was but a little way to the
Pacific. Thus Hernando de Soto,
when about to undertake the conquest
of Florida, claimed that Mendoia had
no right to the cities of Cibola, because
they were within his military district !
The profitless and expensive exje
ditions ordered by this Viceroy had
considerably dampened the ardor of the
Mexican authorities, however, ami be
ing satisfied by the reports of Cabrillu
and Perrelo that no civilized nations
existed as far north as they had sailed,
the search was temporarily abandoned,
while they turned their attention to the
acquisition of territory in China and
Tor twenty years a stru-'ule was car-
j ried on between Spain and Portugal
tt the possession of the Philippine
Islands. In 1564 Miguel tie Legazpi,
with a force raised in Mexico, sue
ness is likely to be presented. Sleepy,
poor and deserted as Acapulco seems
to-day, it had a commerce three hun
dred years ago which was the envy of
Europe. From its picturesque harbor
sailed large ships, called galleons, for
Manilla, in the Philippine Islands, and
Afacno, in China, whither thev carried
gold, silver, and European merchan
dise, and whence thev brought the
coveted silks, gems, spices and mer
chandise of the Indies.
The discovery of the region of vari
able winds brought these richly
freighted galleons on their homeward
voyage, sometimes off the coast of Ore
gon; and there is every probability,
that as they did not always escape
wreck, the sands of Clatsop beach, or
other beaches farther south, conceal
treasure that the sea, centuries aro.
wrested from adventurous mariners in
the service of bold and crafty Spain.
Only one authenticated narrative of
such wreck has come down to us, and
that one is taken from Franchcres Arar-
rathe, written by one of the clerks of
the Astor expedition of a recent period;
This writer says that when he was at
the Cascades of the Columbia, in 1S12,
he met an old man, and blind, who
called himself Soto, and who said his
father was a white man, one of four
survivors of a shipwreck at the mouth
of the Columbia; that these four white
men had at first taken Indian wives,
and tried to adapt themselves to Indian
customs, but that becoming discon
tented they had forsaken their wives
and children and gone toward the
South, hoping to reach their own coun
try. The name given by this old half
breed being Spanish, confirms the
story, which is nowise Improbable,
Hut this wreck must have occurred two
Centuries later than the century of
Spain's greatest glory; and whatever
losses she sustained by tempests on the
Oregon coast, are secrets of the in-
-rutablc past. Only "red-headed" In
dians, ami occasional wax candles of
enormous size, thrown un hv heafrv
ven to this day, point to incidents
in the history of times that must go for
ever unrecorded. However, the things
we imagine, may have been. Fran
cisco Gall, on one of the home voyages
of a merchantman, in isSi, claimed to
have discovered the coast in latitude
57"; though why he should have been
so far out of his course, does not an.
And now Spain became aware that
she had more possessions of valuable.
ceeded m gaming the mastery, and but uncivilised territory, than the knew
revenging his nation on their Porta- what to do with, and began to adopt a
guete rival. On his return to Mexico j policy as singular as it was character
he made a most valuable discovery, listic and fatal, of restricting immigra
l p to this time one of the principal j t ion from home, and excluding it from
discouragements to a commerce with abroad, in a manner inconceivably ab
Avia had been the prevailing direction surd to a modem mind. She had found
ol the winds on that portion of the .colonies of soldiers unlit to possess a
Pacific ocean which was known to country, and she knew of no other plan
" '.v.v " 'i cniotii.iiion 10111 h..r
" . r. r. in,,
till nMi,h MMWrtlty
I'liu liulisnitnti 11.0,1 i,v Spanish
i 'gators three hundred ycr ago
If" perfect limn tho.c in us,- .,,
the prSMDl 'lav, SSSCS then U often .1
1, lancy between I heir calculation!
111 1 oursj Inn, as Perraldo sailed n far
-"iSifilS! S 85 ? '- MS ill nVkM.
certain War, three of Lenta piS vessels
. "ii tin- return ravage took a northerly
course from the Philippines, and there-
! bj came into a region of variable wfatda
that wafted Ihcin to the northern Call-
; liiriiin coast, where they fell in with the
northwesterly wind, so w ell known to
modern commerce, which soon sk-iI
then home to Mexico. This discov.
cry, wilh others in navigation, gave a
I great impetus to trans-Pacific trade,
mil ultimately to other di-coveriv- of
( lerriloiy.
I o the traveler of to-day w ho sees
only thepm.ll .! ihabbV Mexican
own people;
or, suspicions that heads of powerful
colonics might use their power to se
cure the government to themselves,
was guarded in conferring patents; or,
fearing that if the value of her posses
sions should become know n, she would
be in danger of losing them w hether
one or all of theae motives governed
her in forming her policy, it w as meant
to be absolutely prohibitory as regarded
settlement. From a period beginning
about 1 70, all discoveries of importance
were carefully concealed, and such re
port! of the terrors of the Magellan
Strait, circulated a- should deter the
navigators of other nations from at
tempting to thread thepl. Still secretly
searching for a better route to India, it
was intended to guard it when found
against the entrance of any other Euro
pean vessels. Death was the penalty
affixed to the crime of a foreigner who
should touch upon territories claimed
by Spain, or even sail in seas contigu
ous to them. Meantime nearly seventy
years had elapsed since the discovery
of the Pacific ocean, and the standing
of Spain as a maritime power had suf
fered a considerable reduction the
reason, perhaps, of her extraordinary
caution the caution being an indica
tion of conscious weakness.
As the power of Spain in Europe de
clined, that of England rose, and it was
not without excuse that some appre
hensions were felt of the intentions of
this growing rival. The first little
flurry that disturbed the calm of the
Pacific seas, was when one John Oxen-
ham, an Englishman, having crossed
the Isthmus a little to the west of
Panama, succeeded in building a vessel,
which he contrived to get to sea, and
with w hich he took several prizes from
the Spaniards. In return he was cap.'
turcd, and put 10 death, with all his
Hut this example did not serve to
terrify the English. Henry VIII. had
repudiated papal authority, and with it
all regard for the treaties of Catholic
sovereigns whereby the oceans were
partitioned between themselves to the
exclusion of the rest of mankind. His
noble daughter Elizabeth continued to
maintain the Protestant against the
Catholic faith, at the same time she
strengthened her navy until it had be
come a power upon the high sens.
Among her captains was one denom
inated the "sea-king" Francis Drake,
by name who had acquired a fortune
in pursuit of Spanish prizes which he
had three times crossed the Atlantic to
secure. On the occasion of the last
voyage he had imitated Balboa) ascend
ing a mountain on the Isthmus of
Panama which overlooked two oceans,
aud there making a vow to sail upon
the Pacific or South Seas, and "make a
perfect discovery of the same."
Five years Captain Drake took to
prepare for the performance of his vow,
and then he set sail, in 1577, for the
soutn Seas, with a licet of five vessels,
ranging from fifteen to one hundred
tons burthen. A formidable fleet this.
truly! Yet it did good service, as will
be seen Irom the sequel; as much of it,
at least, as survived the perils of a long
voyage, protracted by cruising about
for prizes. He had three vessels left
when he made the run of the Magellan
Straits in sixteen days a very success
ful exploit. Hut w hen he was quite out
ol the straits a severe storm separated
them, anil he was driven south to 57",
and tossed about for two months by
w inds and currents around Cape Horn,
finding himself at the end of that time
with only one vessel left with which to
prosecute his voyage of "perfect discov
ery." lint his loss had been the world's
gain; for in that long tossing hither
and yon in that far southern latitude,
Drake had discovered that here was the
end of the continent, and that ships
could pass from the Atlantic into the
Pacific without encountering the ter
rors of the dreaded straits. From this,
too, he took a hint, and after avenging
the fate of Oxenham by a wholesale
plunder of the richly laden galleons on
the coast of Peru, and seizing the great
galltvn as she arrived from the Indies,
be sailed away northward, expecting to
find at the other end of the continent
the two oceans, meeting as they did
about Cape Horn. He was afraid of