The west shore. (Portland, Or.) 1875-1891, July 01, 1877, Page 212, Image 24

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    212
THE WEST SHORE.
THE MISSISSIPPI JETTIES,
Chief Engineer James fi. Fads ha juBt made
a report to the South PiM Company, from which
we take a concise Htatement of what ha thai
far been done with the jetties: Our works were
begun two years ago in ail unused outlet of the
Mississippi river and have necessarily disturbed
the regimen governing the rmtBow to the m of
an enormous volume of water; hut the theories
upon which they were based have been fnllv
vindicated by the results produced; and itn
CARE OK THE EYES.
Do not read or write before sun-up or after
sun-down. Iet the light fall upon the page from
behind. Never read while lying down. Those
whose eyeB are weak should never read or sew
by candle or gas light, nor by twilight. Sutter
uotliing to be applied to them unless by the
BpeobU advice of an exjicrieneed physician. If
the lids stick together in the morning on waking
up, moisten them with the saliva, it softens and
n. -snivel me manor sooner man anv limun
now manifest that entire and complete success j known. The best and safest treatment for most
will reward our labors. Among the prominent ulleetions of the eyes is rest, especially if weak
results developed by our operations are the fob 0T Inflamed, rest from reading, writing or sew
owing! I ing, from every use of them which require!
I. I lie .'nil. ' :i! IMtl'-Pi i. t!,- loiter llnWIIIL'
across mo saiiu-uar at the mouth 01 the pass by
the jetties created a clianiiclover '-'III) feet wide,
in no place less than 20 feet deep, where only
bout eight feet previously existed.
'2. Tfie concentration of the water (lowing
over me suoai m Uie river at the lie.nl or the
use observation, spending a larire portion of
the time out of doors, as then, large objects are
mostly viewed. Persevere in this for weeks
and mouths if necessary, and if not then rc
lioved, i onsult a physician.
Avoid reading on horseback or in rail cars or
any wheeled vehicle while in motion. Many
pass created a channel over -1 H feet wide, in or. persons will find tt"it in readina before break
part of it lens than iJuioct deep, with the central met an effort is required to keep the sight clear,
part 30 feet, where but 14 feet previously ex- but after breakfast no such ditticiilty is cxpe-
nenieo; loe reason m, me eye miner sin-li eir
eumstanucH is more or less intlained, that is, has
too much blood about it, but nature calls that
eXOeei of blood away tt the stomach after eat
ing, to enable it to perform its work more tho
roughly. Therefore, persona with weak eyes
should not read or writu or do line sewing on an
pty Htoin.n ii. unr preceptor, rrotcssor Dim-
i among the very first of living sur
1 hi ten say, "Young gentleman, never
isted.
.'1. During the time in which a portion of the
tlow into the piws was interrupted by the worki
at tu bead, and the current ooneequently
slackened, a tcniorary dejHmit took place in
the MM and between the jetties.
4. Tim gradual respiration of U normal
llnw into the pass throiieh the new channel at
Held tiaa .ilrea.y begun to enlarge the pass ley. wl:
again, aiei na, much tins restored now
Ml, removed from between the jetties I'd imvth tig toiirh the eye or ear strom-cr than
within the put three months over half a million hike-warm water." We have but one sight to
cubic yards of depusit, and given through more loae, its preservation merits all our care, and it
than hall the length of the jetties a much larger unwise to tamper w ith, or experiment upon
and deeper channel than ever previously existed, an organ so indispensable to our comfort, happi-
thu sie of which is already throughout more uess and usefulness.- -Hull'" Journal
than 'J.OlHi feet, VW feet by WMI feet, or that re-
quired to entitle ua to the fifth payment from Combwihthi Spexrr mwcopi, The spectra
the United StafaH. while mentf I Imil t,...t. of of the three oometi of the vear. savs the Imh.
it exeeetla SO by 800 feet pwmVirf, have been examined by number of
0, The gulf current athwart the jettied obaervora. Those of the tirst and third present
moutll of the pass effectually prevents tin re- 1 DO l W peculiarity. They ihow the same
formation of the bar in advance of the jettiea by three bands winch have been found in the1
deepening ll liter slope of the bar, and sweep's Mpcctra of nearly all the comets hitherto ob-
away auv auoh porti f tlm dlaehatged eedi-1 hl'rvi'''- Theae bands, it will be remembered,
tneilt as the river current fails to cany to un- ! ,m' "handy defined at the less refrangible edge, 1
known distances seaward. j but hade out toward the blue end of the spec- j
l. The Mississippi river at the head of the ' tnim. and seem to coincide exactly with three
passes, where it has a width of over 0,000 feet, : bandl which are seen whenever a liydm-carhon
ta brought under complete oontrol by our worka, ,!t burning with oxygen. Tin- fiame of a
which are eo desig 1 as to enable us to in- Bnnaen burner or the blue part of a common
creaae nr limit the discharge into our pass, I Coal oil lamp flame shows them beautifully, i
if hereafter Ueceaury, with but little additional From this coincidence the presence of some form
outlay. j of hydro carbon has been inferred in comets,
7. Finally, I may add with absolute cer- Hitherto only a single comet that of Hrorsen, j
tainty, that this entire system of works is now ! obeerved by Muggins, in IfMIS has shown anv-
so tar oompieieu that no financial rtlmoultiea wung uinereoei ami, as nmt oomei was very
an Intervene to arrest tjie proceeeee of nature umt obeerved with apparatus inferior
which are stantly operating to enlarge and . 1,1 wJHlt l ,l"w ,lt Command, it was generally
(HTfeet the desired channel through them. i considered probable that the reported difference
might Imi a mistake. The second coiuet of this
RRQI8TKRING THE QAUOR OP liAII Xw a. DrtBntf"t of the three ahowa, how
WAYS ' ever, according to the oonourrent testimony of
nearly all the observers, the same ipeetrain as
It is of OOUrae very necessary that the gauge ftiHfi U'!",, Mht W HP M
... ii t ii I . , , both engeai the middle one nearly in the aame
01 WW r,u-,Hl Il1 bo true and uniform midei- noeition as the middle hand nl t r.li.o.rv
imilar litiona To determine this the track comet spec! rum, but the other two both less re-
master's gauge is slow of application, and can 'nUTfliWe than the extreme bauds of the ordi- 1
mlw Im tvtillai1 i.. i k ..;.. f II. nary speetrum. 'I he spectrum of tl iclciis
, ' , , . waa nearly oontinuoua, indicating considerable
Hdarable intervals. We read that for control dentlty.
ling and graphically registering the width lie- What is EkvkuT Dr. H. F. A, OotMlridgo,
tweim the rails, Mr. .1. llochgrassl, assisUnt in a Veey interesting sketch In the Hritith Mm-
engineer ot tlie iMiinpcan lut kisli railways, of "" 'onrim, oi lever patnoingy, sums up our
ECONOMIZING STEPS.
A large part of the weariness of housework,
says a lady writing for the N. Y. Tribune,
cornea from the number of steps required of the
housekeeper while performing it. The going
up and down stairs, the vibration between the
kitchen, dining-room, cellar, and other parts of
'he house, wear out the strength quite as much
as all other tasks combined. Hence such con
centration of resources as will give the house
keeper the advantage of position, and the easy
command of every point to be covered, is of the
utmost importance. If she can tiud in her
laundry everything necessary for washing and
ironing, the work is comparatively easy. If she
can find in her pantry every requisite for com
pounding bread, pastry, cake, and have no oc
casion to run here ami there to get things to
gether and put them away again, her tusk will
seem light. If in her aewingroom si an pot
Iili iiund on everything required by the seam
stress, without the perplexity and trouble of
limiting up linings, thread, buttons, braid, that
taak will be robbed of half its weariness. But
comparatively few houses have Ihcu planned
with reference to this saving of steps. The ma
jority of families have no special room fitted up
as a laundry, no pantry spacious enough to
contain everything a pantry should contnin, no
sewing-room set apart for that sole purpoce, and
articles needed in these various industries are
necessarily scattered and kept w here it is most
convenient to keep them. Tlie washing utensils
are usually kept in thu cellar and must Im;
brought to the kitchen and carried hack again.
The sewing machine stands not far from the
cook stove, bo the woman who does her own
work can have an oversight of the cooking
while busy at the machine, tint heriuaterialsfor
sewing cannot all be within reach. Vet by us
ing her brains as much as she docs her feet she
may save the latter many an unnecessary trip.
If she must go down cellar for anything, let her
p. Hi a moment before starting and see if there
is not something to be carried down, or if there
is any errand there that may Iks attended to
other than the special one she goes on. If she
has occasion to go up stairs, let her consider how
much that is to lie done she can accomplish
with once going there, and so of everything
else. A great deal can lie done by planning
work to make it easy. She w ho has arranged in
bar mud a little programme of her w ork ami
goes at it systematically will accomplish with
half the fatigue what taken at random might be
entirely beyond her strength. Children fan be
trained so as to save their mother's steps, and
by setting and clearing away tables, putting
their own toys and belongings in place, do very
innch to lighten the toils of their mothers.
I'sun kopn. near Constantinople, propOBM an
positive knowledge as follows: The charactcris-
apnaratua which is by preference fastened to a ti,; ,',,'VR,i,,H oftraperature of the body in lever
trolley, and works automatically during the
.nurse nl' the same with great aicuracy. The
apparatus has two wheels of cast iron provided
with Qailgee. These Wheela move with their
axles each in two sockets riveted mi an I. iron,
which is fastened OH the said trolley by means
of a pole. One wheal la by a projecting piece
of (he axle and by n pin w ith a lelaimn plate
held in its place, whilst another wheel by means
of the spiral spring slides to and fn according
to me uiuiii neaween wa raiu. to tuemtuuli
of the horizontal 1. iron is mounted a T l
support on winch rests ttie reisU ring apparatus
mill w ruing nisi runn ni. i lie whole tr-iiuc
by means q small chains susiicndcd on two llat
nprings, which project from ll"1 trolley whereon
tL.e :.r.. Ut 1 I'll... .i. Iff. 1 ...
such a manner that the stationary wheel is '''"'iug Imk betw
always prcsscil against tlie rail, while the other
wheel mows mi the rail Almost without any
friction.
The sliding of the movable wheel corresponds
to the actual width Mweeu the rails, and is
communicated to the writing pen by means ,.f
a lever turning round its point. Tins lever is
forked, and is placed with its forked end in a
groove of the movable shaft. I lei ween the
writing pen and a metal plate movee a paper
strap or baud. This strap is moved forward by
iiaasing ln'twtwn ilrillui, one of which is turned
by mean id small wheels and an eccentric.
The rolling of tint panel strap on the cylinder
is affected by means ot another w heel , the axle
of one wheal has a OOnloal end. On this axle is
a cylinder which by mean of a rcrvw or screw
is preeaad m such manner that the said eyUn
dor can elide on the axle according t the in-
creasing illaaaaaac of the papa roll. A drum
provided with rOWl of small pill draws on the
paper strap by two parallel dotted lino the nor
buu width between the rails, whUat the davfav
MOM from the iiorin.il width are drawn by a
single line Tim Wginiiingi of curves nu.l the
like .an easily U marked on the paHT band by
the attendant on the Irvdley. The aforesaid
itroMur M rew have for their perpaec to rag
late the rotation of the said cylinder and drum
is mainly due to increased production of heat.
lie. side the increased production of beat there
is a disorder of nutrition, an abi or nal disinte
gration of the body, and partnul .rly of the
muscular tissue, evinced, on the una hand, by
increased excretion of urea and potaeh sabs, .if
carbonic acid; ami perhaps also by w ater; ami
on the other by progrooafvc looaof body weight
The increased production of heat occurring at a
time when a pi i mi j ml source of normal
beat production. Via.1 the fond iuircsted.
,1 is all but completely cut oil", must have itaoiigtn
ir,.i,.a 1 the abnormal disintegration of tissue. The
converse may also buhl g.tnd to a greater or less
extent, there being thus action and re-aetion.
However probable may be the hvpotheaia of the
niion ot the nervi.iis svstein, the cou-
u the entrance into the or.
ganiatn of the fever excitant, the pyrogctlio
matter (be this BaaftlgUfM ItHiNM. or w hat it may
be, and the onset of the characteristic phenom
ena, have not yet Wen demonstrated.
A Si mmi rxm Mm i.kkk. At a '.-.ml eon
rention of tan United oaaaea IdUUrV Associa
tion, Mr. r'rank CtiauiWrhuu, of Albany, N. V ,
offWed tlie toltow llig resolution "AVohv,i,
That a i-oiuuuttoe ol three U apsmtisl by the
I'n'aidcut to take into consideration the sutjivt
of eaUldi thing, under the (tatrvinage and gald
linn of the Millers' National .Wviation, a
PJinOQl or e.'Uege for mttii. -ting and islucating
millers, and, u pra-tunable, to IfMH a plan
thendor at the next annual meeting of this
Indj I'htf rossdutioii tu adopted
MOTBiaa, BrUDV IIvhiksb.- Writes Mrs.
Diaa In ber charming little volnma of UA Do
meetk Prnblemt' "Will not you who know
the inevitable influence of the mother iioti her
children w ill you we to it that some jHirtion of
the tune devoted to her education is aieut in
prewiring for her life -work? Suppose the young
women of ;t ynan ago had bean thoroughly in
structed iii hygienic laws, wonld not the enact!
of such instruction bi peroepiible Ul onr pn-sent
health rates ami death rates' U t us iK'gtli now
to affect the health rates and death rate of ;;o
years hence, and it will do no harm to instruct
young nun in these matter. Even now there
comes to me a report from the State Hoard of
Health, in which it is shown, bv facta and tig
urea, how our death rates are affected bv igno
rance ignorance a exhibited in the hvating,
building and ventilating of duelling houses,
drainage, situation of wrlla, planting of tree,
oheioc of food and cooking of the same, as well
as the management of children. Can any nb.
icvt compare in hnpeftaMI with theae? r'or
liumanity ake, let MtyneuU people take time
eeMMagh bam their Intta dieUonarfea to learn
how to keep Uietnaelvei alive."
China Sov. Mr, K. It, Thurlwr, a member
of a well-known wholesale grocery firm in New
York, has been enlightening the trade, through
tlie medium of one of its journals, as to the na
ture and production of certain Ohineae sweet
meats and condiments. ( 'onceniing soy he
writes: "It has always been a mystery to me,
as fancy it has been to most other people who
have dealt ill or Used it. Ileing at Canton 1
was increiore uunOM to see a soy tactory, and
takitUta boat one day We nro'eeeded tvnnr
three miles up the river to where one was in
iqieration. l louml that the principal ingre
dient or base is a white bean known as 'pak
toh,' which, so far as I could judge, is very like
any oilier small bean. These are boiled, heavily
salted, and put into big earthen jars, holding,
perhape half a barrel each, where they are al
lowed to remain lor about ten days, during
" " ii pe eiiiieiiuuiou lakes place. I llev
ore then m .-hill Up with a species of olive,
w hich is picked and boUed, and this mixture ii
placed in neat cloth bags, into w hich water U
jioured, and allowed to filter through. The
liquid is then taken out, placed in clean jars,
and thickened with a heavy-hodied Chinese -
lasses, and this is aoy, Thinned down with
water, the Chinese use it as a sauce, and at
though when thick it is rather disagreeable
than otherwise, when thin it has certainly a
toothsome fiavor, and gives a est ami relish to
meat, fish. etc. Most of the soy manufactured
iaahipped to Bnglattd, where it" is used in large
ijimhiu" ;w oast- lor uie mnniitactun- ot
sauces."
riKt-rn M ftna ftia
j ".in. v young man
named t.eorge Kelley died yesterday under pe
culiar ci nil instances. On Sunday last hedrove
a (uirty out to Alum Rook, ami w hile there it is
said drank two nr three glasses of beef and wan
dered around for 00030 time at the Rook. The
next day he complained of soreness of the face,
and Mrs. Sikes, the wife of the hackinan, in
whose family be was employ nl as hostler gave
hun some ammonia to apply uihn it. Becom
Ing worse physician were called, though he
S.HHI became insensible and continued to fail un
til yesterday, when death ensued. Urease.!
was about eighteen year old. and bOTC a g.iod
reputation, The funeral Will take place from
the residence of his father, .lames Kelley, on
the Alameda, at l xi. to-day. The case is
spoken of by physician a an extraordinary one,
poison ak s. tdom causing more than "a few
days inconvenience. However, some are mora
susceptible to its intluchcc than other. It is
thought Kelley system was out of order else
the poison would not have resulted fatally,
Vim iw Mfrfurp.
Ur.illTr.R.--A good laugh iH-eaimnally i
attar than a whole inothaoary'i shop of aaed
Wto h I an act oi wisdom'; it shakes the
cohweW out of a man', brain and hypOnbondHa
fr-im in ribe far aaari enaeeaally "than either
a sxiokkhs' Dnnuaa, M Maariaa, Surgxsm
of the Hospital du Mob, baa )oat added another
to the snvial disease ol tnokem. He ha des
BjikaeL under the title of : i , nrntur. a
morbid change of mucous ineinbrane of the
eangne and mouth, a kptvial vaortasia. This le
sion may degenerate into epttieboina: ami ac
epfdiag U M. Maunae, canwr of the bpa and
tongue haa often no other origin than this.
BsU are common amoiii; men, and very rare,
as might be supposed, among women.
DEATH TO GRASSHOPPERS.
Mr. J. He Barth Shorb writes to the Lo
Angeles Herald an account of his observations
of the effect of the leaves of the castor lan
plant upon the grasshopper. He promises to
follow the subject farther, with careful experi
ments and the subject will be worth watching:
He writes: "My attention was called by Mr.
Townaond, (one of the recent settlers on the San
I'asipial tract), to the effects of placing a few
leaves of the castor nil plant under some trees
that were being destroyed by the grasshoppers.
So remarkable was the result, that I requested
him to count the number killed under one tree,
and this count showed 408 dead ones, and alwut
20 more in a dying condition. Only a very
small portion of the leaves was eaten; and,
judging from the effects of the small portion
consumed, I believe there was sufficient mate
rial left to have killed ten times as many. The
poison work very rapidly. As soon as
the grasshopper eats the leaf he becomes
tttpeqed, and w hen he attempts to fly, falls on
his head or back and remains prostrate until he
dies. I propose to experiment further with the
leaf of the castor bean, and obtain reliable data
as to its destructive powers and cost of distribut
ing the leal over an area, say ot 00 acres, and
publish the results of my investigations from
time to tini". Prom the results already ob
tained, 1 Mieve a very small load of leaves will
destroy all the grasshoppers on a SO-ncre tract.
If such is the ease, then the cost, on a large
scale, Would he trilling; and I believe applica
tions ol leaves would soon exterminate this
peet from any one section, In the Northwest,
where the castor bean tlourishes well they could
plant hedges or rowsof the plant, which' would
servo either an a barrier against the further
march ot the grasshopper, or to turiush leaves
for general distribution, as already suggested.
Although 1 may be over sanguine, I believe we
have in the castor bean the means of extermi
nating this grasshopper plague in a very
limited time, and thus restoring the product
iveness of a very large area id' our common
country, and relieving the distresses of many
thousands of our fellow belngB, 1 1 Rural I'rfJtM,
As ExeiTiNi: Incident. A very excitinc in
cident occurred not long since at tlie village of
Soudan, in Kranee. In consequence of the.
weathercock at the top of the church steeple
getting rusty and no longer turning as it ihonld
do, it was determined to take it down. A man
climbed up the steeple, but just before he reached
the weathercock he lost his balance and slid
down seventy feet, then rebounded on the roof
of the church, anil rolling thence was precipitated
to the ground. He was not much hurt, but
being much shaken by the fall, he was replaced
by a man named Chevalier. In about half an
hour Chevalier made the most gallant effort to
haul himself up by means of a roiie, but at last
his band slipped, and he fell backward. His
foot caught in the rope, as luck would have it,
and there he remained, one bundled ami twenty
feet from the ground, with his head down, beat
itig the air with his bauds, struggling to recover
himself. A spectator went to his rescue, Blipped
a rope anumd his body, and cutting that which
held his foot, freed him from the fearful posi
tion in which he had remained for three hours.
BUKXIHa KlTCHBM Rkkcsk. In the city
where the dweller is dependent upon the dila
tory swill carrier to come for the refuse, it li
U'tter to burn the refuse in the kitchen stove
or range than to allow it to lie around the area
a source of in-sts and pestilence. We have for
some time practiced burning, and find much
truth in the following from the Sanitarian:
"Among the internal rules and regulations of
our kitchen, one of the most peremptory is the
abaolute prohibition of netfj foot ana nwUflanV
MVrV, and instead thereof, daily burning all pea
shucks, corn-cobs, potato-peelings, fmit-paruig
and the like, together with all greasy talile and
kitchen scraps, which render the mixture read
ily combustible. The odors are all carried off
with the imoke up the chimney, and with or
dinary care for a pood fire in tlie range, and
MHH combustion so as never to have lame. ae.
uiiiiilatioiis- .- - - .-i.L .ii,. ilo. ...nv.,..iunt
suit.
A Family ,! Rmu ...i.i:
were quartered m a country village, when they
........ v .um-mu, t-ie wing one anniner
what kind of .piarters they had got; one of them
said he Ii... v.-rv- .......i i..... il.
. , 'l"""-c'n. OUV Mir
strangest landlady ever lie saw-she always
...... ..... Minim, aU1 llt. would go
along w ith him, and would take her off. He
went, and offered to shake hands with her aav-
ing, "How are you, Klspa?" "Indeed, sir"
said Iha. "ye hae the better o' me; 1 dimia ken
i-yiu me, r.ispa. replied tlie soldier,
"d ve no ken tm I'm tl... .l..,-;i'. i ti
"Dear save Bat" quoth the old wife, looking
mm broadly m the face; "od, man, but ye're
like your uncle!"
Dean propose.!, consisting of peat dust. 198
nenai slime .i. , ..f ; f ,.. 7. ..
v ... r , ,,(S(V iiano- an
thracite dust, l.tKMI ,rts; schist oil waste 100
li.irtH- mi,l .In- .....I -I-.. I. Lbi . . ..
, ,vfc, ,viiarui. Another
.... , .... . .j. v ,ir BuyiM oon
j ll"lveriAsl onanoal waste, SO i)art.
i-.u.-iuru cnarcoat. W0J0H are
luixeil :.!', i- ., 1,., .1 ..i l . ,
mtrica,mt. two iarts of nitrate of jmuuh, and
.... r ...,1 u,,,,,,!-, i,, im)lnct 18
sidered to be iw..inll,- i
- r , ,,,r COIIKn
sto es. as it causes neither smoke nor smell. It
ii.uie.i wnn a match like touchwood,
Ud covered with the other portmns of the fuel
the combustion continues.
Ttlf. bridge now building over the river Tav
in Scotland, will it is said, the longwt
bndgi- ji-t built over a running stream. In
form it is not unlike the letter S. It tl to l
I0,:fcil l,et in length; .ud the estimated cost is
Co ,,,,
Tur fanner should s.iw his Pa, keen his V
warm, hive his ICs, kill ort the J i. ninemWr
wnai tie t . lake can- ..t BM s, pay what he
O's, teat h his wife not to T's, and tale his I a.
A v.U Njiwoman from the rural district en
tered a dry lOoda st..re the other day, and
ked for a pA -of .to.-k.ng,. The clerkVdito
h asked her what numWrshe wore "Whv
two, yen fooll Do you think I am a enattpt
or that I have a wooden h-gr" 1
'Kati- I understand you have accepteiLait
uati.n as governess. lather than that. I
would marry a .idower with chilW