180 THE WEST SHORE. June. (Concluded from page 173.) arc now taken and placed, one at a time, on a small table with a cutting attachment, and with a single stroke of the lever, the fish is cut into exactly the proper size to fit into the cans. Another set of hands take these bits of fish, place them deftly in the cans, whence they go to other workmen whose duty it is, by means of an appa ratus, to put in eacli can a small amount of brine, for canned salmon have noth ing else in it, being cooked an jus. Now the cans filled with the raw fish pass to workmen who apply the ltd and solder it on. Next, the cans arc placed, hundreds together, in iron rings, or in some of the canneries, into iron squares, eat'h form holding about 600 cans, and by means of cranes all are lowered into steam boilers, where they are cooked for an hour. -Now quite a nice opera tion lakes place, similar to that em ployed by the champagne wine manu facturers, which is called venting. A hole is pricked in the top of the can, and the air and gases generated are al lowed to escape, when the little vent hole is instantly resoldered again. A second cooking now takes place, when the culinary portion of the canning is ended. The cans are again taken from boilers and are showered with cold water. If the vacuum is perfect and the package sound, the top of the can caves in and assumes a concave form. If, however, there is the least convexi ty this condition of " swell-heads," as it is called, causes the rejection of the packaget Ir t'11-' salmon would not keep a week, and manufacturer! know that a llngle spoiled can wotdd injure the rep utation ol a thousand packages, It will not do to even tinker with these "swell heads," as they would cost too much to put in order, f they are worked over, however, they are never shipped as first-class goods. It is a necessity in order to insure the excellence of the canned product, that each day's catch of lish should he prepared within 2 hours, Should there he any hitch in the loctory, and all the day's salmon Cannot he canned, what remains over is salted anil handed. It is, perhaps, not out of the way to say that the can of salmon, before it is completed, witli handsome label put on it and hosed, from the catching of the fish until it is sold as a finished product, goes through as many as a hundred different opera tions. Columbia river salmon, as a canned product has nearly driven out all other similar preparations of the Rsh, ami the Eastern establishments are fast passing nut of existence. Tire European de mand for the canned salmon product of the Columbia is steadily increasing, and the export lot the season of 1S77 will perhaps reach (3,000,000, Every cm Francisco. Through the enterprise of our fellow-townsman, A. G. Walling, a great deal of the label-printing is now done at his establishment in this eitv, and for general beauty of design and finish his labels surpass the ones done by the San Francisco printers. The wooden packing boxes are mostly made in this city, and shipped down as re quired. Two establishments Messrs. Schcurer & Coyne and John Harlow ol Co. are engaged in it. We paid a visit a few days ago to Capt. Harlow's factory, and learned that he expects to feet, the fish has seven or ten of two to three feet each to surmount. A spring of three feet is a small matter to a sal mon. They jump to the height of ten feet with ease. It is an experiment worth trying. Small as the expendi ture will prove our fisheries will find that such ladders, placed at all falls and dams in all the rivers emptying into the Columbia, would help to save the lives of thousands of fish annually, .1 matter well worth looking after. As the arti ficial propagation of salmon is now re ceiving general attention, we propose MKNIHNU HIS NET. turn out 260,000 cases for this season. The price he receives for them is $S for one hundred. His gang of forty live men turn out 2,500 boxes per day, consuming is.ooo feet of lumber in the operation. Without any attempt to overrate it we can safely say that Capt. Harlow's is the most complete estab lishment of the kind on the Pacific coast, u i very Interesting to watch the labor-saving machinery employed in making so simple a thing as a salmon-packing case. The brand of the factory is not stenciled 011 by hand, as it formerly was, hut a neat machine, in a future number of this paper to have a complete article, with illustrations, on this subject, showing the different ap paratus used and the means employed in producing fish artificially. very similar to a punting machine, pi mis u on the wood, The nailing of the boxes is done by one of the most ompllcnted machines we have ever seen. Even the tiling of the saws is done by machinery, and it is only bv the use of all these latest Improvements that Captain Harlow is enabled to reach the giand results as enumerated above. We also give in this number an engrav ing ol a salmon ladder. These can he mode ol wood or stone. The latter will Our correspondent from Damascus, in Clackamas county, says : " The farmers arc jubilant over their pros pects. Never since the settlement of this section have crops looked better. Every nook ami corner is put into grain, or is prepared for next fall's sow ing. A great deal of new land has been put under cultivation, and quite a large number of new comers have set tled here this season." During the mouth of May there were tiled in the I'. S. land office at Walla Walla 1 1 1 pre-emption applications for 13,3:0 acres ; .6 homesteads, for 6,316 acres, and 3S timber culture applica tions for 5,480 acres a total of 25,116 acres. There is a hundred times as much more equally as good land left open for settlement. THE CUNNING KNAVE. A SHOUT STORY IN REAL LIFE. About ten years ago there appeared in New York an actress whom, for a better name, we will call Miss W , She so fascinated one A. T. Stewart, a nabob of that city, that whatever money could purchase was placed at her com mand by the lovesick Stewart. Deter mined of appearing as "the leading lady? and not being well enough up in her profession to procure such a po sition at any of the theaters, she in duced Stewart to purchase a certain church on Broadway then offered for sale, and converted it into a theater. It was from this on known as the New York Theater, with Miss W as , proprietoress and leading lady. It was, however, well understood that Stewart footed all the bills to keep the place going, which, for four years, was run at a dead loss until it finally passed into the hands of the celebrated Wor rell sisters. The same spirit that led Stewart to desecrate a house of God in the above mentioned manner also in duced him to acquire hotel property at Saratoga. Here again Miss W shone forth as the leader of well, eve rything, and woe to the person who dared to be bold enough to slight Miss j W in any manner. Stewart died, and a cunning trickster, whom we will call Judge Knave (everybody is a judge nowadays), became the fascinating suc cessor of Stewart. One Seligman, a Jewish banker, had been in the habit of spending his summers, in company with his family, at Saratoga, came a few days ago to take up his residence there for the season of 1S77, when he was informed that orders from head quarters (Judge Knave) were that no Jews would be allowed to stop there from this on. This knave shrewdly foresaw what effect such an order would have ; it would be telegraphed all over the world, published in all the papers, com mented on, corresponded over, and every time the name of his hotel would be mentioned ; he would thereby gain an amount of advertising for the house and notoriety for himself which one million dollars could not purchase, and knave enough he proved himself by seizing the opportunity. We are some what surprised that the telegraph com panies, otherw ise sharp financiers, and the different newspapers supposed to have at their heads far-seeing mana gers, allowed themselves to fall into such an easy trap and become the dupes of this fellow. It yet remains to be seen, however, whether that class of A SALMON ULDDIR. nery have their own machinery for the manufiCtureofttn can., which are made during the winter season, ami ., salmon can. small a- it ,.,.. through ibuitccu dlllcie nt hands bef.uc it Ii ready to receive the Rah, Not withstanding this a tans oftwantv.iwo men will turn out 15,000 cans pel day, During the bus) season every cannery taployi from 150 to jjo hands, atl Mures varying from $j.S to -c ,.r i month. The lalvels, which are usually 1 very handsomely printed in chromol colors, have always boon done In San A CllI.I'Ml IA be found the cheapest in the end, Such ladders should be placed at the falls of the Willamette and at the nar rowi of the Columbia. At both nf these places thousands of salmon lose their lives annually by striking on the ovks in then attempts t,. scale the fall-. A salmon-ladder is a shoot or trough. Across this trough at intervals, leaving a narrow space wide enough for the 11-.'. to pass easily through, are step, i barriers to break the force of the water, and serve as a resting place for the ti,h. Thus, instead of one fall of lay twenty MV8H SALMON, - Weight 6; lU.-l'huto by lluchtel A Stolu. Walla Walla cltj is certainly in a prosperous condition. It is assessed $63,000 higher than it was bust year. The total valuation of the city ll $l, o:i.Vl ; the real estate being v alued at (7i,Soo, ami the personal property at 55'j735' The tax lew is five milfson the dollar. advertising will pay amongst as intel ligent and liberal a people as the Americans. ,lu,t a, the hunter draws a bead on the graceful wild duck, as it breasts the rippling green-blue waves, does the water-fowl invariably observe some thing beneath the surface that it has been looking for, many a long day, and proceeds at once to business. North of Snake river lies some ot the very best vacant farming lands of Washington Territory. It is said to be equal to the famous Walla Walla val ley. The soil is not as light and ashy and produces more abundantly. Fruits, vegetables and grains of all kinds thrive, although an erroneous idea existed at one time that fruits could not be raised there with any degree of success.