The west shore. (Portland, Or.) 1875-1891, June 01, 1877, Page 184, Image 12

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In umr to un iiuiuiry on tin- question, how
many pODIldl "f pork will a hushed of com
make ami the relative value of corn a-r htishcl,
in O0mprilon with the price of pork, wo have
examined the raoordi of careful experiment! by
farmers, with a riew to eettuu at facta. Prom
these we have selected a ntiuiher of canal hear
log directly upon the question, tin- experiment!
oeiiiK, 01 dodim, nui t.y reeaing in pent, ilnce
in do other way can the question be Hatinfacto
Hly decided.
An impression prevails that when pork in
VOrth live renin jer pound, J,'riin, coin in worth
00 Oentl to the furiner to feed, Thil in not far
OUt of the way, where fair care ami Judgment in
lined in the feeding, Wciiitf on the hasia of ten
IHimiiU of iKrk per bushel of oorn,
(hie of tde cxj-eriinciits we present in liy Mr.
U li. Biugbjun, tUoomiugt Wiaoontin, where
60 buaheli "f corn at M poundi per buihel, pro
duoed i gaii of 667 poundi of pork everigiagft
gtU of a little over li! pOUUdl pOT hushe! of
helled corn, Thui, if pink lie worth nix cents
mt pound, DOTH in worth 7'-' cents per buihel,
Mr. .1. M. BillJngiby. Spring Valley, Indiana,
feil "I buihell of corn in the ear, at liH j udl
per buihel, which gave 7H pounds Of Jtork.
nila average wai a trifle leu than II poundi
per buihel of ilry com. At nix cent! per pound
lor pork the corn give him lit! oentl per buihel
at live oentl, fifi ceiitH per buihel, end m od
(low 11 the neale.
Tim Iowa Agricultural Report for 1872, iveH
the record of live peni of wine, of two each,
put np September 4th, the weight of the twine
nelng given when put in and when taken ..ut.
The were of the following breodll Native,
lierkuhirr, Cheiter White, a orou between licrk-
shire and . theater White, and a ems of luster
ind Suffolk. In ail, ten hoge. On October 10th
they were unin weighed. Each of the five peni
had been fed uvea and one half buaheli of new
pom on the ear, or ,'17 buihell for the ten
hogM. They gained in thin time 616 nounda.
I Ins new corn fed averaged alniiit lit (MO
pence iter uuinei oi corn fed. The number of
pOUndl made per hushel of com fed wan not
ntate.i, hut WOUlt be 13,44 pound, The pork
muittliereforehave brought himf&ffilpor 100
pOUndl, Thin will oomepond with the market
pnee in mjik in, null time. Ill these expcri
ntlWUget an an average gain wt
have noted, fint, iny 13 poundi per buihel -f
corn; seennn, say I I poninln; ami lor the live
peU, nay 8 pOUndll an average for the whole,
in round imiiihern, of ' poundi of nrk per
buihel of com fed, and including shelled com,
old oom in the ear, and new corn in the ear.
Thus we think I'J poundi gain may be taken an
a fair liiwm for the number of N)UD(ll to he
gamed per buihel "f corn fed, when good care in
lined. Prairie ftirojer.
Our readers will recall the Ippointment thil
spring of a Government .rasHhoner Commie
aioii, The L'oiiiminnioii undertaken, u a branch
of its labors, the promulgation of the beet
meani of lighting the Iniecta In order to do
mime good thin IIMOU, there wan Bent out, a
few dayn ago, a preliminary report of waya ami
meani of destruction. We ball quote from thin
reMrt some of the methods Mid to he iiumt
effective, an they are Hot uninteresting reading.
Heavy rolling, where the surface of the soil
is Hiilliciuiitly linn and even, destroys a large
Him. I- r of the newly-hatched yitiing during
the lirnt eight or 10 days after hatching, and in
the morning! and evening! lubeequently. They
then drive ahuont as readilv an Hlieen. ami mav
be burned in large quantities by cirig driven
into winrOWl or piles of burning hav or straw
They may also Ihj killed with keroneiie, and by
nn aim of flattened beating implement!.
Hut the bent method in ditching. A ditch
two feet wide and two feet deep, with perpen
dicular widen, offen an effectual barrier to the
young insects. They tumble Into it and accum
ulate ami die at the bottom in large ipuuititien.
In a few dayn the iteuch beoomee greet, end
necessitates the covering of the muss. In order
to luep the main ditch open, therefore, it in
liest t dig pits or deeper Hide ditches at abort
interval, into which the 'hoppeil will ueunM
late and be buried. Made annuel a field about
hatebing time, few 'hoppers will get into that
Held till they acquire wings, and by that time
the principal danger is over, and tile insects are
( hir readers w ill smile at the illustration upon
this page, and deem it a fancy sketch, or at least
an ex agge ration, but it is not, it is a sketch
from nature in the southwestern part of France.
Portion! of that country are exceedingly damp
ami marshy; as they afford excellent pasture for
sheep, however, they are quite well settled, the
Inhabitant! calling in the aid of stilts to aid
them in locomotion over their nozv iiasturcs.
Si, accustomed to them do they become that in
! time walking without them goes an awkwardly
i with them, almost, as walking with them would
t.i ti ., i L.. -
Willi un. i nu ; in ii 1 1 siiepucru in uur engrat
lus in improving his time with the knitting nee-
dies while his flocks are quietly feeding the
! manufacture of the family stockings still being
1 a masculine duty in some of the back countries
ol hurojHs,
j Hkss IN FRANCE According to AflimnUu
j tiim, there are in France about 40,0(10,000 hens,
! which are estimated to have an average value of
j 2.60 francs (."() cents) each, or 100,0OO,00OfraneH
(620,000,000) In all. Of these about one-tilth
are consumed annually, at a market value of
;..IHH),(HK) francs. There are also hatched an
nually 100,000,000 chickens, from which should
be taken 10,000.000 of producers destined to re
place the adults that have been sacrificed. The
quantity mun w runner reauoeu oy n,ooo,oito,
on account of accidents and disease. We have,
then, the number of 80,000,000 of chickens,
which, sold at l..0 francs apiece, give a profit
of il!0,000,000 of francs. To this should be
added, on account of the, extra value of capons
We hear that fruit from the chcrrynioycr,
cashew tree ( Ami-)i 'iittm nf'Uiihilr, ,,J ri-
poned in San Diego Co., OaL, during thepreeeut
year. We notice that the Floridiaiis are grow.
ing it. Mi . Benjamin Hall writee to the Flor
.. Agrimttwrtti a foUowai
Thin large, wide spreading tropical trre in of
the family "i TnrtbtKtkaeetr, Its haves are of a
bright green odor, entile ami lanceolate. The
fruit oonaiiti of a pear or imcumber-ihapml
IfUlt ste which in a large brown nut. The
two are uied both raw an well ae cooked into
dishes. The fruit stem w hen ripe has an acid
lei to, nnd the kernel, when peeled and roasted,
tastes very much like oheatuuta, formerly the
natives ut Bnudl went to war with each other
oii account of thin fruit, ami the oonquerori
eitahliihed thonuwlvea about the trees till the
fruit wan all eoniumed. Thletree is indigenoui
to the Weil Indlee, Central America, Guiana,
leruaml llnuil, and in cultivated to a ounaider
able exteul there eiao, The I'ortugueec trauH
planted thil useful tree an early h t lie loth
oentury to the Kdwt Indiei and the Indian
archipelago. n it uamee point to an Amor
tan origiu, Ita exiiteuoe on the eaitern ooait
ot Africa is of ut ill more recent date, whih
neither i lima, Japan nor tin- lalandi ol the
oltia ocean ire aoquaintad with it. u fruit
stem beometimei longer 11101 entnetiami ihoitet,
rarying with the innuenoeul oulUvai hi
the Aalatte plant the stem is always shorter.
Ttua beautiful tree ippeare to be deeerving of
much merit, ami is 111 every netinc worthy ut a
careful trial
III the lull of IN70 your correspondent re-
oeivad neil from Mr. UodruMton, of the ytr-
We AgrkuUwitt. and planted in November
In three w.-ekn thereafter the young plants had
broke gmetid, and grew vigorously until the ex
treatl cold weather net 111, when the mercury
lor two mornings ragiltored U and 41 , which
nearl checked their growth, They at thil
tune are marly eight inches 111 bight, stocky,
with MUUe I'.' or II leave! Ave inches 111 length
and two m width. The ypug tme are now
looking hue, igoh!im mid healthy, bidding fair
to Ik adapted to our .il and climate.
l. the u,w th. editor of Urn Agrimlhuitt
atlds the hint ami 1111U are not the only Mln,.
lor which the cashew live is famed. ' It pn..
daces nuu wkiek h Npertor togmmuuble,
he taiee from the nut ii my caustic. mi.I oto.
auoai paiulul wound il it touobee the ueehi
11, tMrefore, requirei to be veil parohed before tit tor um food, The (nut l y.-rv BH
lor Bfeeajn Kg, and uudni a good nw.
ftt Parm Tta hot weather hut week
broagM mm by tkouiaada, u not more w
meet thvitl thus, getting th, hint from m w
change l'owd.,,,1 IdacW up.r 1. mil
nh lyrup to a thnl paeta, wlueh is nwcad by
invans ot a btoaal ktwak upon oeane MoMum
paper, Oomama brown eynip win uunrer, but
lyrap made from oigai li pmarakia, u it -in, ,
iuiektr. For eaa. a piaee ol this pap,.T is laid
UN4i a plate and dampened with water. The
aiM-r BWy also ha maili' dirvcth at the null by
adding sugar to the pulp, and afU-rwanU a
iliiartvr to Uf thml of jowleml black pep(rr,
and rapidly working tt into a porous iUm
fait disappearing. If any should hatch within
We melon me, they ire easily driven into the
ditches due m dilleivut harts of the Held Tl...
direction of the apprehended approach of the
Inaocj being known, from their natching local
ity, ditching one or two sides next to such local-
ItV U MflMwlIu U1,li;..i.,i, A ..I
, , " "J . ou n m o i;trmcp4
join tiny can oonitruet a long ditch which will
We have not a doubt but that with proper
id ivatamatla .In. Ion., I ,1 '
when the ItlsectH ticHt hatoh ivmuII '
laved, When water oau be 1st Intn th,. Jit. ),,-
toai to cover the bottom they mav be made
ihallower, ami still be effeotive
A dit, h thr.- f.vl 1 ,
mgly deep, will be mure apt to permit the cs-
ancol ttie niMCts .v Ii, 11 ,111,-., 01 tl ......
rower one. Ill liotu.iin;. the more Mmttiilimi. urtafl la n
tar the direction the insects must take th I Woodruff
taeh Uhi
and .ullctn, a num of t.'.IKKl.tHHI francs
Ml .AUl IKHI Tl,.. JO IUy ,uut 1 I
' . tr -vwtww iieim lay eacn UN
l'L.'L's in the vi'ilr tin , ,.n ,.u .1 t..i..l 1 iuui ,u...
lilTl 1 J LTl T!'""7 """"iWSfcWtt-
UWOI eggs, worth mx centimes each, or in all
..-10,1100,000 francs. Thus, a commercial move
ment of nearly HNI.(KKUHK) francs (SS0.tK10,tHt
a year is generated in French farmyards.
ii,rl r iu 1 1 1.. I. ...I ,w -
the wider the ditch, if it ha coriviL,.tn,,.tv
deetX the more Aeotnal it mil ium 1.. ..."
ntumul nUM wtum tl... I L. u
1 ....... nn HH hi imhh 1 11 1 L
grow n and the w md is high, ho ns toa.nsit them.
ell tlie two t,4.t ditch Icwi'a much of H value
One ol the tuoHt noil ......... ..f -
ing the young hvnsU, and one which is too .if.
ten oerlooke,l. localise its aflkflfca r.. .,.. .1.
nvtly a.rvtit, is the preservation and uiulti
WooDwir? 8ctKKTmo F:xmiiTioN.-Tlie
plan is to charter a steam vessel and carry a
load oi professors and students around the
world on a two-ycars' cruise of scientitie study
and observation. The plans are all laid and the
imp will tail from New York city October U
IS... Among the professors who will emliark
we notice iPjoT. a a. Wilder, of CkmrnTJi Prof
. Q, l arlow, of Harvard; Prof. S. I. Smith,
. . . ..... .,,. uw m uozeu ouiers. I he enter-
U i ..' V oiauagemcnt ot UT. .lames
nui ua uamai aiMmnley, of Indian-
aisdis, Indiana. We Udievo tl,t ',i;.....;
h r students places la the lloating university arc
still acceptable and lull information can lie
game, by addressing the managers at the place
HAM vonSiM.wn .ivx A writer gives the
S2&4JWC : H-lasfor
l......;.. ii ' ;wo-wuna lean.
' ' ""'oa sma u teasiHMiutul each of pe
,, .. ii , ,,, uii.i nnuu- , .:. hhiuw wwbu oi pen-
plication of th,. native birds. Without under. lwr lwuuv Al"1 " rwst'nibin' or llalfonl sauce
taking at this UflM to MMjeUV tta Mwvive whit-h muari fayeune pepper; mix thoruucldy
ami keen m a tit- it v ,.,v..Hbl 1 i t.
Hadwiohaa, cut white bread in nnooth slices of
uniform thickness, ipread thinly with bmu-r
then spread with the prepared ham thickly or
thmly as nlaj your taste; cut the .lie aenwn.
and place the halves together with the hain be
mm In adding the cayenne Bam, put in a
lit t e a a tune and taste, idding to suit your
self. I make a pint Umlful at a time.
'hould U onimv-uik ,,i...,..:.i l'l , ',
there is yet mme ditlerence of arinhm mm l'.
hive that until tlieuscleMHiH.. ....,
iRitinguiihed from tin.-., that are beoeficia
heel to l,r,,l... t all b, ......... I.:.
, . muii hiwl ami
il the laws ot the State aiv inMitti.o.nt hm AU
puriHsK, let communities, township wi wmil.
Hal use all their lawful imwem therefor.
fhicVcns, turkeys and koga devour them tit
loeut ilivaaion. or whenever th., ' t...... ' . i . ' .1 T 1 loS'T rew !
s ,i pu, EST h I 5r7f n"u 3 t of
1 n reauiuiiig Iiib lectures at the Royal In8ti
fcntion, London, Prof. Tyndjdl, bnving caused a
ball of lead to fall from the roof of the theater
on to a stone, drew the hall uj again and let
it down gently with a string and puUoy, The
heat generated by the collision in the iirst in
stance was the exact equlvalant of the heat pro
duced in his linger and thumb and in the string
in the second instance. Tin- mtt..
""J oi .ne
mnnuar loroe sxponded in drawing up the
drawn up again by a Binall engine worked by
compressed heat. The exact equivalent of the
heat evolved by a quantity of coal, completely
ClBnt to lilt a weight of 60 tons to a hieht of
11. f-.i i. .1 i i.i i , . y
: T""1 '" Fwnoeti by
In- i iilli-iuu ol ti.:., in.-iMs wil i I in inil, ...i. '
allowed to falL Qivon th. velocity of a body
the heat generated by the destruction of that
velocity could bo easily calculated, and some
time ago he was led to the conclusion that the
stoppage ot a rifle bullet would produce luffl
cient heat to fuse the metal. This conclusion
was proved in the r'rauco-dcnnnu war, when
7 "'oppcu oy contact with
a bone, showed on being extracted undoubted
C, j i i " i 1 iiioioii. ino iamL.
thing had also DHtt illustrated incidentally in
the experiments with gun cotton at Stowmar
ket. The old notion of heat was that it was a
lUHtanoS which could be sipieezed out of mat-
" " "."www uui oi a sponge. A
bullet nnMnd in a hydraulic press acquired
heat w hich una . . ... 1 - . - . 1 ),..; .' "
" iii me gal-
oj wid uieriuo.eieciric pile. Kvon
H late as the tunc of Faraday, it was conceived
, , ..B .... ,iu;n sonic noiiies
lad a I'reriti'i- iiiiiii'if. il..... ..11 ii ...
, , , i "iiieio. ii com.
pressed air from one vessel was allowed to pas.
nio a vessel in winch the pressure was much
less, it would have tan said that the motion of
. B -.wMw ciopiy vessel
a greater capacity for heat. The heat thus pro
duoed was shown by means of the galvanometer
and thermo-electric pile; hut the reason for
that heat was, said 1'rof. Tyndall, quite differ-
cntly undent 1 now. The coefficient of the
expansion of gases was next described with
some minuteness! and, continuing the illustra.
turn of what used to lie tanned "capacity for
heat, the lecturer said the explanation of dif.
I 1 1 hi in.1 1 1 ul..... ml. ;....i.i i- .c ,
... ..qmH M, me same ue-
gree ol heat, not possessing iu themselves the
Mine amount, of h.eit ll.n l.-.l .
". ue.ti, nail two
olieratioiis on.. ..... ..I..-,: .
iii . ' . jow"wih oi ircmors
(which was hcat, the other the weakening of
molecular attraction. Thus, if 1 1 ...i 7
were exposed to the same high temperature the
....... . t muuu mater man tile iron, bo-
oauae in the former caao less internal molecular
work wa. perfomwd, and more heat was ex
Mndod in the production of tremors; while in
the latter case more heat was used np in inter
nal work, and less in the production of tremors.
1 ho same degree of heat was in operation, hut
the apparent results were different, and lioucc
grew up the very natural notion that different
Isiities had different capacities for heat.
Flux nn Wiurnto Stefx An intelligent
reader of feb. ltnfn4..- ...t a..iu.. . .
v. ........ .,,, who
has bad extensive experience in welding steel,
and steel to iron, communicates the billowing
lunnou aim manipulation ol the heated metals
to lie welded, lie says: "To one nart of Hone
ol sulphur add two parts of sal ammonite and
... t ... uwu. rtitcr Having pulverized
these iiigrcdicnts, mmglc the mass thoroughly
nanlmnkaM, fi .i. . h 1
: "i i'". iw liiu lire, anil con
tinue a steady heat until every partielo is
... TT . lllu spume nas illsap-
petnd from the surface, the llux should ho
1 1 i . I i. in i in.. . 1 i -11 . ..
i , .......... il. uwi ami aiioweil 10
cool. Mow redui c it to a tine mwu n..,t
will be ready for use. When two pieces of
steel are to lie welded, the ends should Iirst be
heated t,, iwlniu.. i n i .... , .
. . - ,y " i iisi nun scales no re
moved by libug or grinding, after which let the
DUta! ha hiatal In i -...i - . -- ,
. , ;,: ... miu sicaov nro ol
charcoal until a welding heat is attained, when
tile heated steel u-ill .,. I . !.: .!..
,, . i'1-v.ti ,.i a oiigiiL nunri
.rent car.: must he exercised lest the surface of
". "" ' w to a Uegrce ol heat above the
welding nt, wlii.l, is always luinoui to good
teel. Now sprinkle some of the llux on the
heated bars remove all scales, return the parts
to .he lire, bring them carefully to a welding
i . -i , vuiul' smoolli surlaccs
beneath tte hammer. A skillful smith who
...... . .... . ,1 noiueii experience m welding,
hi HI II t".K:,,rl"n"" 'ifetory job with
I , , v "v.uiug sieci to steel, or
steel to iron.
I'll: Ut eris.: A l- ,
. . ; " . iciicn ciillioustililc
eom,iind has a htH of carlsmiasl tan or wikxI
bark and this ,s mixed with a small quantity
of nitrate of lead or si.irit, of niter, slaked lime
or loan, bc,g adiloif as agglutinative matter.
It ignites easily, bum, gradually and eontinu in tins state, and still slower by adding a
small quantity of wood charcoal dust. Neitfier
, , v e i.,viiiii,i,.. a ,aii ,,,ia.
tit burned in a foot-warinor or obafilu nan.
win. a uimtct supply ( air, will not lieeut rely
consumed for l,ut Hi hours, and during that
lie ,1 develop heat enough , ,, m
partment of an ordinary carriage. The danger
ous radmad stove may lie succeeded hv a,Um
provement 0 ,,lch u(
this. It may lH. that steam nipaa suiudinl
Witt cMher hie or exh.l,,, .,!, Q gj
I. ? " "1"'"' ''t!ht Is' mm h
tt,r. but , ,. cert.,,, tti.t some general pro.
, ," r ims source of danger to
life and property is needed. 8
lilAllkl llM. .-
- .asi raigllsli Arctic
.-,,.. .. .,,, coulirm the view, of
g aciali.t. m-ting the origin of U,e l'andlel
. ..... . .. iu..imiiartornu.t.. MllK,h
Mntaa found in fre.h-.ater lakes, kept ia
2SiXSitSa!ri!fte 1at rel.rJ.ente
V . . I j , maWt the Hen
Re glner damme.1 th. y,y ,
ro,lucing an .xtenwve lake.