The west shore. (Portland, Or.) 1875-1891, May 01, 1876, Page 11, Image 11

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    May.
THE WEST SHORE.
11
SCIENTIFIC.
Effect of the Food of Cows ox their
Milk It is announced, as the result of care
ful and long-continued investigation, that
the nature of the food given to cows does not
produce the slightest effect upon the char
acter or richness of their milk ; the only
difference being a greater or less percentage
of water. The experiment was tried of
feeding the same animals successively with
hay alone ; then, successively, with hay
mixed with starch, oil, rape-seed, clover,
etc., thus giving a greatly varying propor
tion of nitrogenized food. " The milk' was
very carefully analyzed, after each change
of food, without showing the slightest
variation in its chemical constitution. The
conclusion was, therefore, arrived at that
the variation or improvement in the quality
of the milk is to be accomplished rather by
a careful regard to the breed than to the
food supplied to the animal. t "
These remarks, of course, do not apply
to the peculiar taste imparted to milk in
consequence of the character of the food
of the animal ; since it is well known that
the milk of cows which have fed upon
garlic very soon furnishes evidence of that
fact to the taste.
Unbolted Flour. Few of our readers
.ire aware of the extent to which meal
loses its nutritive qualities by the ordinary
processes employed to render it white and
light. With every increasing degree of
fineness or whiteness something more is
lost, until what are called the best family
flours consist of little more than pure starch.
After the removal of the thin outer husk of
the grain (amounting to about five per
cent), which resembles fine straw, and is
of no value for food, what is left is in exactly
the proper proportion for nutriment. .If,
however, as is frequently the case, twenty
per cent, of the hull Is taken away, instead
of eighty per cent, of nutriment left, we
actually have not more than sixty or
seventy. ', .
Green Color is Pickles. It is said that to
impart an excellent green color to pickles
they must be first covered with boiling hot
salt-water, and after a short time the water
poured off and the pickles drained. They
are then to be placed in an earthen pot and
covered with boiling vinegar, the top put
on, and the whole kept at a lukewarm
temperature for a long time, the vinegar
being poured off every day, heated to boil
ing, and turned again upon the pickles.
This is to be continued until the color is a
beautiful green. The vinegar used in' this
process is then to be poured off and replaced
by fresh, and the jar closed tightly. This
method of coloring is perfectly harmless,
although the result is as bright a green as
that of verdigris.
Easy Method of Breaking 'Large Mas
ses of Cast Iron. The following method
will be found just the thing for breaking up
large masses of cast iron, as, for instance,
those of two feet in diameter. A hole is to
be bored into the mass about one inch in
diameter and three or four inches deep,
which is then filled with water, and a
wrought iron plug inserted. If now the
heavy hammer of a pile-driver is allowed
to fall upon the plug, the water has no time
to escaje, and the mass is split asunder.
INTERESTING HISTORICAL FACTS.
The tardiness with which mankind adopt
improvements may be, in some degree,
illustrated by the following facts, hastily
thrown together :
, Canal locks were invented in 1 581,; by
engineers of Titerbo, in Italy. They were
nearly a hundred years getting fairly into
use in France, and about one hundred and
fifty years in crossing the British channel.
At this time it was made felony in several
European states to ride in wheel carriages.
The steam engine was invented, or, rather,
the principle of it discovered, by the Mar
quis of Worcester, as early as ifife. Few
understood and none encouraged it.' He
died in great mortification. The honor
was afterwards engrossed by Savary.
In 1765 the Earl of Stanhope applied
the steam engine to propelling a vessel. A
steam-boat was run twenty miles on the
Sankey Canal, Liverpool, in 1797, and
another on the Forth and Clyde Canal in
1801. A steamboat trip was made on the
Delaware as early as 1 791 . In 1 807, when
Robert Fulton was fitting up his first steam
boat at New York, respectable and gray
headed men pronounced him a "fool for
his pains." Oliver Evans went before
committees of legislatures, first in Pennsyl
vania and then in Maryland, with a pro
ject of a steam carriage, as early as 1804,
He asked a little aid to defray the expense.
They could hardly be prevented from
reporting in favor, not of steam engines
for carriages, but of a straight jacket for
himself. Now, almost all nations have
had the sagacity and ingenuity to seize and
utilize the precious idea.
When Peter the Great, in 1760, or there
abouts, commenced a canal between the
Volga and the Don, the Governors and
Bayards of the country opposed it earnestly,
thinking it impiety to turn rivers out of the
channels which heaven had assigned them.
When some Dutchman proposed to
make the river Manzanaris navigable to the
Tagusand that to Lisbon, the Council said
that if it had been the will of God that the
river should be navigable, He would have
made it so.
When Brinley the great engineer told a
committee of parliament, to whom Bridge
water's petition was referred, that canals
were better than rivers, and would super
sedethem for the purpose of navigation,
the committee were shocked, and asked
him, "And pray, sir, what were the rivers
made for?" "To feed the canals," was
ine answer.
Dr. Franklin surveyed the route of the
Delaware and Chcsapcke Canal at his own
expense in 1757.
Baron Napier surveyed the route of the
Forth and Clyde Canal at his own expense,
in 1761.
Both these works were subsequently ac
complished, but after great delay.
Dr. Zabdiel Boyalson introduced inocu
lation for the small pox in Boston, 1711,
and tried it first on his son Thomas, and
other members of the family, but such was
the force of prejudice and unbelief that the
other physicians gave an unanimousopinion
against it, the municipal government pro
hibited its practice, and the populace
would have torn him to pieces if he had
not retired from the city.
Loggers, builders, farmers and others
using sawi will do well to read the adver
tisement of the Diamond Cross-cut Saw,
which is without a doubt the best in use
or speed, ease and economy. Since their
ntroduction here the demand for them
has been continually increasing. They are
manufactured by E. C. Atkins 4 Co., In.
dianapolis, Indiana, and the sole agency
for them for Oregon and Washington Ter
ritory is in the hands of Kirk Sheldon, an
energetic and live business man, who is
also the proprietor of the "Chinook Axe,"
made in two different styles, namely, log
ger's pattern and woodchopper! partem,
Mr. Sheldon is also an extensive dealer in
hardware, doors, blinds and windows.
A New York journal says: The Ameri
can newspaper reader demands of an editor
that he shall not give liim news and dis
cussions in heavy chunks, but so condensed
and clarified that he shall be relieved of
the necessity of wading through a treatise
to get at a fact, or sending time on a
dilated essay to get a bite at an argument
At the flourishing little town of Halsey,
on the O. 4 C. R. R., Mr. David vV.
Allingham is manufacturing Sash, Doors
and Blinds ; he also deals extensively in
lumber of all kinds. People in the south
ern part of the Sute will do well to order
from him.
Any man may commit a mistake, but
none but a fool will continue it.
A STORY OF THE CURFEW.
To many hearts in the old country that
cherish its traditions, the curfew recalls a
story of love's devotion.
In the time of Cromwell, a young soldier,
for some offence, was compelled to die,
and the time of his death fixed "at thering
ing of the curfew." Naturally, such a
doom would be tearful and bitter to one in
the years of his hope and prime; but to
this unhappy youth death was doubly terri
ble, since he was soon to be married to a
beautiful lady, whom he had long loved.
1 he lady, who loved him ardently in re
turn, had used her effortsxo avert his fate,
by pledging with the judges, and even with
Cromwell himself, but all in vain. In her
despair she tried to bribe 'the old sexton
not to ring the bell, but she found that
impossible. The hour drew near for ex
ecution. The preparations were complet
ed. The officers of the law brought forth
the prisoner and waited, while the sun was
setting, for the signal from the distant bell-tower.
To the wonder of everybody it did not
ring. Only one person at that moment
knew why. The poor girl herself, half wild
with the thought of her lover's peril, had
rushed unseen up the winding stairs, and
ciimbed the ladders into the belfry-loft and
seized the tongue of the bell.
The old sexton was in his place, prompt
to the fatal moment. He threw his weight
upon the rope, and the bell, obedient to
his practiced hand, reeled and swung to
and fro in the tower. Hut the brave girl
kept her hold, and no sound issued from
the metallic lips.
Again and again the sexton drew the
rope, but with desperate strength the young
heroine held on. Every moment made
her position more fearful, every sway of
the bell s huge weight threatened to fling
her through the high tower window, but
she would not let go.
At last the sexton went away. Old, and
deaf, he had not noticed that the curfew
gave no peal. The brave girl descended
from the belfry, wounded and trembling.
She hurried from the church to the place
of execution. Cromwell himself was there
and was just sending to demand why the
bell was silent. She saw him
And rot brow,
Lately whit with sickening horror, glom with
hope and courage now;
At hia feet she told her story, ehowed her hands all
bruised audton,
And her sweet young face, still haggard with the
anguish it had worn,
Touched his heart with sudden pity, lit bis eyes
with misty light
"Go, your lover lives," eried Cromwell; "curfew
shall not ring lo-nigbt.
Sensible Words aboit Advertising
The following is from the financial article
of the New Orleans Picayum : The peo
ple w ho sit nervously in counting houses,
or behind their goods, waiting for customers
to take them by storm, and make no efforts
to let the world know the bargains they have
to offer, will find the season very unpropi
tious. Many of those who have spent large
sums in hiring drummers and paying for
other well-known appliances of trade, have
effected large sales, but swallowed up too
large a share of the receipts in such enor
mous attendant expenses. The best re
muneration has been found by those w ho
have returned to more legitimate, old-
fashioned methods of pushing their busi
ness. We say it not' simply because we
are interested in this line of expenditure,
but as our best advice to all who wish to
be enterprising and to secure a larger cus
tom, there is nothing now so effective to
this end as judicious advertising. A little
advertisement may be like a gentle touch
of the whip to poor Dobbin's horse, "a
mercy thrown away ;" but a liberal outlay
U almost certain to bring in a large return,
and this will last even beyond the current
season. We do not believe that any one
who has valuable service or desirable pro
perty to offer, can fail of reaping a rich
harvest by continuous advertising on a large
scale.
THE HORN-BOOK.
In the manuscript account-books of the
Archer family, quoted by Mr. Halliwell in
his elaborate notes on Shakspeare, occurs '
this entry: "Jan'y3, 1715-16, one horn
book, ad." The article referred to as thus
purchased at twopence was once most fa
miliar, but is now known only as a piece
of antiquity, and that rather obscurely.
Down to the lime of George II. there was
perhaps no kind of book so largely and
universally used as this said horn-book; atv
present there is no book of that reign it
would be more difficult to procure a copy
of. It was the primer of our ancestors-
their established means of learning the
elements of English literature. It consisted
of a single leaf, containing on one side the
alphabet large and small in black letters
or in Roman with perhaps a small regi
ment in monosyllables and a copy of the
Lord's Prayer; and this leaf was usually set
in a frame of wood, with a slice of diapha
nous horn in front hence the name, horn
book. Generally there was a handle to
hold it by, in which there was usually a
hole for a string, whereby it was slung to
the girdle of the scholar. It is to it that
Shenstone alludes in his beautiful cabinet
picture poem, "The Schoolmistress," where
he tells of the children, how
Tliolr books of stature small they In hand,
Which with pclluold horn srcunxl an,
To anvo from nugera wet the loltoi rare.
It ought not to be forgotten that the al
phabet on the horn-book was invariably
prepared with a cross, whence it came to
be called the Christ Cross Row, or by cor
ruption, the Griss Cross Row, a term which
was often used instead of horn-book.
Ancient Manuscripts. Our forefathers,
in the Middle Ages, claim our gratitude
for the care they took in preserving the
manuscripts and records of ancient wis
dom, learning and art. Instances are on
record, however, in which valuable manu
scripts were lost completely, or saved only
by mere chance; and these are painfully
suggestive of numbers of priceless parch
ments that may have fallen victims to the
Philistinism of the dark ages. There is,
says Weld, a story told by Chapclain, the
poet, that the tutor of a Marquis di Rou
ville, having sent to Saumur for some
rackets, found un the parchment com
posing them the titles of the eighth, tenth .
and eleventh decades of Livy. On apply
ing to the racket maker, the latter stated
that a pile of parchment volumes, some of
which contained the history of Livy, had
been procured from the Abbess of Fontcr
rault, and that out of these he had made a
very great number of rackets. And it is
a well known fact that Sir Robert Cotton
rescued the original Magna Charta from
the hands of a tailor, who was on the oint
of cutting it, up for measures.
Tut Oldest Booe in the Worlds The
most ancient known bound volume of the
Old Testament was written some lime
earlier than B C. 163; the sheets pressed
smooth and strongly bound together into a
volume nearly four inches thick. The
cords across the back arc stout and firmly
fastened; additional strength is imparted
by wooden frames at either end. The
outside cover, which does not go across
the back, is simply papyrus, precisely sim
ilar to that on which the book is written,
except that it is a little thicker. It was
certainly hound B. C. 141, for it was found
in lint year just as It is now (except that
handling lias worn the sides, and they are
somewhat torn, though the inside is intact),
an I has since been guarded with jealous
care by the successive Samaritan chief
piiests. It was shown in 1866 by its cus
todian, Sclameh, to Mrs. Eliza Rogers, by
whom it is minutely described. Polltr't
American Monthly,
It is far more easy to acquire a fortune
like a knave than to expend it like a gen
tleman. When angry, count two Iwfore you speak,
if very angry a hundred.J