The west shore. (Portland, Or.) 1875-1891, February 01, 1876, Page 11, Image 11

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    February.
THE WEST SHORE.
11
OUR ILLUSTRATION'S.
The Three Sisters of the Cascade range
of mountains, capped with perpetual snows,
as viewed from the forks of the Mackenzie
River, near Eugene City, present a most
picturesque appearance. A good view of
them can also be obtained from the third
story of the University building at Eugene
City. They are nearly equal in size and
have an exact pyramidal form. Their
sides are finely zoned with a broad belt of
forest, which mounts to an altitude of six
thousand feet. The angles of The Sisters
are less acute than those of other snow
peaks in this State, and consequently there
are fewer slides, and the peaks are always
covered with the glistening folds. The
clouds rest almost continually upon the
peaks, adding their contributions of vapor
to be turned into tiny snowflakes; and of
mornings, oft-times, the haze wraps them
round in mazy folds, producing vague,
fantastic images. When there are rain
storms in the air, and clouds of vapor ride
through the upper world, they are attracted
by the bold outlines of these peaks, and,
settling on them, are changed into varied
forms, sometimes appearing like a knight's
helmet, with crest and feather backward
streaming; sometimes wreathing and twist
ing like volumes'of smoke from a great
conflagration; sometimes pushing out cir
cular cloudlets, like the bubbles of a mill
race. The Indians have a tradition that
these three peaks were three female giants
who had been wives of Manitou, and hav
ing rebelled against him, were turned into
ftone.
The Narrows of the Columbia. Who
would suppose that the broad and majestic
Columbia, which in places is eight and
nine miles wide, should narrow down to
105 feet? Yet such is the case a short
distance above the Dalles. The rise and
fall of the river at this point is immense,
there being a difference of 100 feet be
tween high and low water. This is a
favorite fishing point for the Indians in that
vicinity.
The Rapids or the Columbia above
Tumwaler Falls is the wildest looking river
we have ever seen. It is a pity that so few
travelers have an opportunity to view these
rapids, as they generally whirl past them
in the O. S. N. Co.'s cars at the rate of 20
miles an hour.
St. Paul's Church, located in the thriv
ing town of Walla Walla, W. T., is a neat
structure, and in fact much better than we
should expect to find in a town claiming
only 3,000 inhabitants, and having five or
six other churches. It is certainly a credit
to the town.
" Let Clans," etc., and " No Wo.vder,"
etc These two pictures will bear close
examination to x it. They were first
printed in London in 1820, and were
kindly furnished us by Mr, li. L. Stone, of
this city, who owns the originals from
which these copies were made.
Live kor Something. Thousands of
men and women breathe, move, and live
pass off the stage of life, and are heard of
no more. Why ? None were blessed by
them ; none could point to them as (heir
means of redemption; not a line they
wrote, not a word they spoke, could be
recalled, and so they perished ; their light
went out in darkness, and they were not
remembered more than the insects of
yesterday. Will you thus live and die ?
0 man, live for something ! Do good,
and leave behind you a monument of vir
tue that the storms of time can never
destroy. Dr.- Chalmtrt.
We have read astory of a little boy who.
when he wanted a new suit of clothes,
hegged his mother to ask his father if he
might have it. The mother suggested that
the boy might ask (or himself. "I would,''
said the boy, "but I don't feel well enough
acquainted with him." Many a lather
keeps his children so at a distance from
him that they never feel confidentially
acquainted with him.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
THE CULTURE OF FLOWERS.
is usual to direct that great caution be used
in the application of water, especially in
the winter. The result is, that frequently
the opposite extreme is fallen into, to the
great injur)' of the plants. From the mo
ment that the soil becomes so far dried
that the fibres of the roots cannot absorb
moisture from it, the plant begins to suffer.
Some plants can bear this loss of water
with more impunity than others; some,
again, and the Erica family among the
rest, are in this way soon destroyed, The
object of watering should be to prevent
this stage of dryness being reached, at least
during the time the plant is growing, and
at all times in the case of those of vcty
rigid structure; at the same time, that
excess which would sodden the soil and
gorge the plant is also avoided. Within
these limits the most inexperienced person
may follow sound directions for the appli
cation of water with safely; but when even
water is given to pot plants, enough should
be given to wet the soil thoroughly, and the
difference between plants that require more
or less water should be made by watering
more or less frequently, and not by giving
grealer or less quantities at one time.
Debt. Living beyond their income is
the ruin of many. They can hardly afford
10 keep a rabbit, and they must need to
drive a iony and chaise. We are afraid
extravagance is the common disease of the
lime, and many professing Christians have
caught it, to their shame and sorrow.
Good cotton and stuff gowns are not good
enough now-a-days; girls must have silk
and satins, and there's a bill at the
'i dressmaker's as long as a winter's
MM night, and quite as dismal. Show
JMand style and smartness run away
f M with a man's means and keep the
S family poor. Frogs try to look as
M big as bulls, nnd burst themselves,
jrftr Men burn the candle at IkhIi ends,
" and then say that they are very un
fortunate. Why don't they put the saddle
on the right horse, and say they are extrav
agant? Economy is half the bottle in life.
It is not so hard to earn money as to sjiend
it well. Hundreds would not have known
want if hey had not first known waste. If
all ioor men's wives knew how to cook,
how far a little might go.
Love. The love that survives the tomb
is the noblest attribute of the soul. If it
has woes, it has likewise its delights; and
when the overwhelming burst of grief is
lulled into the gentle tear of recollection,
then the sudden anguish and convulsive
agony over the present ruins of all we most
loved are softened away into the pensive
meditation of all that it was in the days of
its loveliness. Who would root such a
sorrow from the heart ? Though it may
sometimes throw a assing cloud over the
bright hour of gaycty, or spread a dcccr
sadness over the hours of gloom, yet who
would exchange it for the song of pleasure
or the burst of revelry? No; there is a
voice from the tonib sweeter than song;
there is a remembrance of the dead to
w hich we turn even from the charm of the
living.
WAM tn. A good scrvanl-girl, to whom
the highest wages will he paid. Having
had great difficulty in procuring good help,
on account of the misfortune of having
seven small children, we will poison, drown,
or otherwise make nw.iy with four of them,
if required, on application of a first-claw
scrvanl-girl. Apply at this office.
A New Orleans pacr thus discourses :
" If men are the salt of the earth, women
arc the stiirar. Salt is a necessity; sugar a
luxury. Vicious men are the salttietrc;
hard, stem men the rock-salt; nice family
men the table salt; pretty girls the fine pul
verized white sugar ; old maids are the
brown sugar; good-natured matrons the
loaf-sug.tr, and young men are loafers."
A bi inu mendicant in Paris wears this
pointed insertion around his neck: "Don't
be ashamed to give only a sou. I can't
see."
A. D. R., Fairmount, Missouri. The
prices we give forelands generally mean
coin, unless otherwise stated. You'll have
no trouble to get currency changed for
coin.
A. D., Logan, Iowa. Nearly all varie
ties of fruits do well here, and for apples,
plums and cherries, we challenge the world
to produce superior qualities, or even our
equal.
J. M. M, Seaforlh, Ontario. A good
millwright and engine fitter will have no
trouble not only to make a living but to
make money. Board and lodging can be
obtained for $5 a week and upwards.
A. E. W, Waveland, Missouri. Our
list of farms will answer your first. If you
are sober and industrious you will find this
State a good countiy. An Oregon farmer
can get more out of the ground, with less
work, than a farmer in any other part of
the world.
Y.G., Danville, Indiana. The Willam
ette River is navigable to Eugene City, 1 24
miles from Portland. Steamboats can, by
passing through the locks at Oregon City,
go down to Astoria, at the mouth of the
Columbia River, 234 miles from Eugene.
The Willamette was frozen over in 1875,
and perhaps once or twice before that; it
is a very rare occurrence.
T. L., Allen's Grove, Iowa. The fare
from San Francisco to Coos Bay by steamer
is $20, and about $10 by sailing vessel. A
large number of fast schooners ply between
the two places in the lumbering and coal
trade, of which Coos county is a heavy ex
porter. Coos Bay must eventually become
the ship-yard of the Pacific; even now
ship-building is carried on there exten
sively. S. H., Madelia, Minnesota. You can
purchase a through ticket to Portland, and
from here you will find ample facilities to
travel to different parts of the State. There
are no dangerous Indians anywhere in
Oregon. You will find many of your
countrymen here, and in fact our people
generally will do all they can to assist you
in selecting suitable lands for colony pur
poses. On your arrival call at this office.
W. 0. W., Silver Creek, Michigan The
Falls at Oregon City could furnish 1,000,-
000 horse power. Should you conclude to
utilize part of it, you would find the people
there accommodating and ready to assist
you all in their power. Albany also has a
very fine water power, and so have many
other parts of this State. Millers receive
from $75 to $150 per month; there are
some few receiving as high as $200 and
$250 per month.
C. W., Jefferson City, Missouri. Oregon
is settling up veiy rapidly, but the great
tide of immigration will flow here when
ever we have "all rail" to the Eastern
States. Washington Territory is also set
tling up, and whatever may help Oregon
will also help our neighlior Washington.
Portland is the metropolis of the Pacific
northwest, and will always remain so, al
though Astoria is fast becoming a commer
cial town of considerable note. Seattle,
on Pugct Sound, lias now about 3,500 in
liabitants, is well located and growing.
Business in general is fair, much better
than in California and the Eastern States.
T. F. W., Faikhi rv, Nebraska. You
would find it a rather expensive trip by the
route you propose to come. 1 he fare to
San Franeisco is no more than to the
Junction of the Oregon & California Rail
road. From the latter place to Redding,
the present terminus, the fare is $14.
The facilities there for the purcliase of
teams, are not good. Buy a through ticket
to Portland. The immigrant fare from San
Francisco to Portland is $10. Here you
will find a Board of Immigration, who will
give you all the necessary information to
find suitable lands. In the matter of pur
chasing teams, quite a little sum can be
saved by buying here instead of California.
Although the weather is very mild at
present, the nights are yet too cold for the
rapid growth of vegetation, and such of our
readers as desire to have their gardens look
nice at once, w ill find a hotbed a great
help. One could he prepared now, and
for four weeks yet used in raising early let
tuce and radishes, as well as stout tomato
plants; and after the nights are sufficiently
mild for these vegetables to grow outdoors
rapijly, the hotbed could be used in start
ing all half-hardy and tender plants. The
expense in constructing one is very slight,
considering the amount of early blooming
plants that can be obtained by the aid of it.
The bed should be in a warm Ksition,
fully exposed to the sun, facing the cast or
south, and sheltered by a fence or hedge
on the west or north. The soil should, if
possible, be light and dry, as in this case
the bed can be sunk a foot or more in the
ground; but, if damp and cold, it should
be built u(on the surface.
MAKING THE BKI),
Manure fresh from the stable is best.
This should be thrown over and thorough
shaken up with the fork, making it into a
conical heap. In this state it should be
allowed to remain four or five days, at the
end of which time it should be turned
over, shaking it up as before. At the end
of another three or four days it will be
ready to make up the bed. layout the
ground six inches lanjer than the frame,
and put down a slake at each corner. A
frame such as shown in this cut mav be
made of various sizes, according to the size
of garden, from four sashes upwards. The
length of sash is generally seven feet by
three and a half wide, the size of glass six
by eight inches, making the entire frame of
four sashes fourteen by seven feet.
Proceed to build up the bed to the
height of two and a half or three feet, mak
ing rather firm, and watering if the manure
is dry. When the bed is finished put on
the lights, and let it stand to settle and
exhaust the violent heat. In a day or two
add three or four inches of light sandy
loam, spreading it evenly over the bed. If
the seeds arc to be sown in the soil of the
bed, two or three more inches should be
added; but, if in wts, no addition will be
necessary.
The pots being ready, and sown with
the various seeds, should be put into the
frame, shading them during the day if there
is too much sunshine, and regulating the
temperature by tilting the lights at the back
both night and day, and covering at night
with mats. Plunge the xLs in the soil,
and, with proper care, the seeds will soon
be above the soil. A thermometer plated
in the bed will tie the safest guide to the
inexperienced. It should not rise aliove
8; in the day, no sink below 60 at night.
As the heat declines, linings of fresh
manure should lie applied round the out
side of the bed; but, ordinarily, for seeds
this is not necessan-.
The length or number of the frames is
immaterial; but the)' should be from nine
to twelve inches deep at the front, and from
fifteen to eighteen inches at die lack. This
will give good slope to carry off the rain,
Cold frames are simply the hotbed frame
set upon a warm spot of ground, covering
it at night to keep in the warmth accumu
lated during die day.
WATKRlNiiPOT PLANTS.
In the operation of wateringpotlcd
plants, persons not practically familiar with
plant culture are apt to make serious mis
lakes. Cultivators find by experience that
an cite of water at the roots it very
injurious to almost all plants; and hence it