CITY I'v, Mai'iiii'i; '.At N Wi-iliicH'luy, I'l m.isiiicii, ouU.ide of whale and seals. Besides these are the lumber, Ice and stono !n diihtries. And yet Alaskan trade Is In I ll.u r'ni'lv Infunev. Ami t.h f a Im n am- plo of tlio expimsion I hat the douio cra lc party claims Is sending1 'the country lotho domnltlon bow-wows. in Orfynn Cilv. Or , in vccoiiil-cljif m matter. GRIM, SOLEMN JUSTICE That's the Kind the Soldier Gets In a Court Martial .TERMS. One y'-.ir fin advance). Six IIIOIltllH " " . ,fi on J'hr Tf ii ' im Wilis ' in iiilv.imc ")0 'A 1 1 1 l-i' i liiu im ciihl of keeping I III) iii'i iiiiiit Mini lo miike good the louses tli.tt are hiiio lo occur Willi deferred p.'i nielli". 25 t-orilB aililtiona . There seems to be no doubt that the Orogon regiment will soon be on the- water, home bound. The announce' inont was as unexpected as It was welcome. Company I has not had a man killed, although they have been In the thickest of the fighting, and ? though many have been In thehosplta' none havesuccurnbad to the diseases of the tropics The company soems to have had a charmed existence. Ol.n.OX CITY, Al'lill. 2(1, ISO!). f I i v ml ln.-r itiiiin "burro of revo- v..'A i..),1. havo lo go to work 1 v"'7, flMfll l.l'i! Ol.MI'l' oi'i'urrcd Dewey's '. i. will lake jiliice '' t. '. '.,. ':.! :tnj- lui'ilitiir forth uii I.llil'JS of from tlio ry, iru'li' tlio Ping !,..ly :'!"n. A Jewish colonial trust of $10,000,000 which may be increased to 150,000,000 Is about to be formed for the purpose of promoting the gathering together of the Hebrews from all corners of the world. The dream of rehabilitation hag been enticingly present to the Jew ish mind for many centuries. It about as possible of realization as the rocolonlzatlon of Africa by negroes, whose ancestry have gone through the fires of slavery. Having become im- liut-d with the idoa of Ango-Saxon life neither Jews nor the negroes can ever return to old Ideas, old environ munis nor old contentment. of n:in:i T!m (liiJVi'onri not of kind oi t:,iu, 1 illy n. yun U tlio proa test prophet llv. i'v siir'lo one of Ills is has hud a retrograde mo Olhor words 1ms gone back on i ',. '. a'. !y )uld not have hap pened by ehanco. ("i;'.!-i i n-turn receipts will1 reach i'1,!!!.! diis y as-. Though prob- nMy ninny times (ess than collected by the Spanish it will do Cuba much ir n il good for it will be spent for im provi'ini'iit instead of being shipped out of the country. ' In ii ullin, Kan., t ho complete niu niripal ticket, of women was elected, consisting of mayor, clerk and council. Tim women drove their own carriages at, I In; polls and eoralled tho voters' iniu-u lulor the best approvod ward ii-. U.v !) i. tliroitgh a blinding snow '-:. :J. n action of this petticoat govoniineiit will be watched with con niileralile Interest. k Tin ml is ovldenco of tho hottest m row In Czar Nicholas' peace to meet in tlio Hague lioxt Kivncli delegates will protest n eon a ri .' year. a,;..!::..! Il!i-ii;,h occupancy of a purlin of Africa, Chinese representatives vi kick, tipaiiisii nieiiiiii'i's will lie sour mill it is likely troops may have lo 1 eaiieu out t') proaervo order, I lie con gross will lie like a convention of ear nivoroiis animals seeking tu deelaro fn; a vegetable diet The water supply for the people of Oregon Cl'y is not improving. A sur vey roeontly made demonstrated that It is not practicable t get water from tlio Clackamas on a gravity system 'I'll'-re ar a fow other probable sourcos ot u good water supply, among them tho sinking of wells at Ely. The power neoeabury to raise the water would be slight and the wells would not need be very deep. It is iionerHlly believed that an unlimited supply of good water can be had there at small expense. At most a few hundred dollars would pay lur sinking a well and establishing a temporary pumping plant. The quality of the water is good, and the country Indicates it Is a water shed. It is possi ble artesian wells could be found in that seclon, the topography of the county would Indicate it. The "old soldier" who has been ptirleiitured and held up to rldlenlo for his pi on'usity to apply for pensions, will havo a great sigh of satisfaction when he learns that the "young soldier" of tho war with Spaiu now carries tho belt in that respect. Al ready ovor 1 1,000 applications for poll' slons have been filed, It will probably be found that the "grub klekers," the howlers against tho government methods of handling campaigns, and tho "embalmed beef" heroes aro among the llrst applicants. Italy is wrestling with a problem of health, us shown by recent hoalth ro' purls. It appears from thoso reports that consumption kills about 70,000 of tlio inhabitants each year and makes nearly j,u(H),UiH) invalids In the same period. This Information will startle a great many pooplo who have boon led to believo that "Sunny Italy" Is tho Eden of Earth, In fact consumption is a thousand fold more deadly than smallpox, yet physicians aim to pro vent tho latter by trying to forco com pulsory vaccination ou tho pooplo, while they are practically and con fessedly helpless In face of tho former. Alaskan expansion was profitable to this country. Sooretary Seward paid $7,200,000 for Alaska, comprising 3M, 629,000 neros, or about two cents an aero. Tho Fur Seal Company slneo the purchase has paid into tho treasury $11,000,000 with 11,304,5113 still duo. This represents over $33,000,000 worth of furs marketed. One of many gold mining companies paid its stock -holders $0,025,945 before Klondike opened up, Thus the region has produced at least $25,000,000 to tho country. In tho single year of 1804 tho fish product footed about 13,000,000, and tliero is still the value of $7,80Q, 000 placed; In tho fisheries to be taken luto account The people of Oregon City and Clack amas county are more Interested in road building today than ever before. It is truo that in the past Oregon City do nated some $20,000 towards county roads, $10,000 for the Baker ferry road, and it Is also true that she must donate sevoral thousand more bofore we have good roads to the various sections of the county. At prosont all efforts are being concentrated for tho completion of the Molalla road. The county court has npport oned a good sum, the Ore gon City council has donated $500, the t-iti.ens along the route have sub scribed freely, the pooplo of Oregon City ure pledged for a large sum and all that remains m for the people of the Molalla country to come to the front with a liberal donation and tho road will bo finished. It is true that the route selected is not the one dosirod by tlio people of Molalla and Oregon City, but the grade is but little steeper and is not as stoop as other grades on the road nearer Oregon Ulty. The coin promise was made in good faith and we boiieVo tho people of Molalla, Milk Creek and other Interested precincts will come to tho front with sufficient to finish this, tho most Impor'ant road In the county. EIS H0H0B AUD 6ALAET AT 8TAIE ieme High Army Official! W Hare Faced Military Trlbaaala em eH- om Chajpea aaa Haw Thar War Dealt Wltk-Oda CalaaUaaaaa, r MjDtii -s'l salary, both impor- Tlms. It. Rood's Ketirement. The announcomont that Thomas B Itoed is to become a moiubor of a New York law firm moans his early retire ment from tho houso of representatives, of which body ho has been the dominat ing figure for tho groator part of the last decade. His retirement will re move from political life one of the brainiest men in the republican party. Mr. lined is a man of strong intellectual ability and discernment. He is a most skillful parliamentarian . Rebellion In tlio Philippines. Evory day of fighting in the Philip pines 8'rengthons the tie that binds those islands to tho United States Evory lite of an Amorlcan soldier lost Ihero, every hardship and every sacri fice on the part of the faithful bearers of tho Stars and Stripes fastens the Philippines more securely as part of the dominion of tho United States. ' Tho bigger the price exacted from us by the rebellious Filipinos for the peace ful possession of that country, right fully ours, tho more pressing will bo this country's duty and the stronger its determination to make that posses ion peaceful. Wo will havo peace in the Philippines under the Amorlcan flag, and we will have It at any price. This Is in accordance with human nature and with the national traditions, and, considering tho state of the world, it Is likewise in accordance with politi cal wisdom and necessity. Ilonor lo tho Americans who are helping toward peace in the Philippines, and shame on those who, by encourag ing the deluded and half savage natives, aro striving to prolong tho strife there, and to end It in disaster and humilia tion lo the United Stalest tont things among army men, are pnt In jeopardy by courts martial ; so rach trial Is a mighty seii ons and solemn thing to the men who wear Uncle Sam's fighting uniform. Even a civilian spectator must be im pressed with the difference between I military tribunal and the ordinary court of justice. In the latter offenses against the lives and property of individnals re investigated. In the former assaults on the fame and discipline of tbe na tion'i Irmy, made by individual lapses of integrity, discipline or good behavior are probed. In the civilians court the lawyers make nse of ' wit, pathos, ridicule and passionato appeal to the emotions. Even the jndges fillip an occasional joke from the bench to the bar. But in tho soldier's court justice is grim and stern and ever dignified. A criminal's life may hang in the balance amid jest and mental buffoonery, bnt a soldier's honor and a soldier's salary can be put to forfeit only with solemn surroundings. Even the drumhead justice of a cam paign court martial, when the offense demands immediate punishment, lacks nothing in dignity, although the sur roundings may be unconventional A general court martial is a brilliant spectacle. Gold lace and red tape abound, and dignity of procedure and demeanor dominates In a manner not paralleled, perhaps, in any civil court except tribunals like the United States supreme court Here in a form to please the eye better are the equivalents of ail the adjuncts of the high civil courts, but each in shape that makes the whole saene most interesting. Instead of a gowned judge one sees the president of the court grim, per haps, and well along In years, because promotions in the army are slow and the president must be of higher rank than tbe other members, but resplen' dent in all the glories of his full mili tary uniform. In place of the jury are the other members of the court, every one of them in full uniform, begirt with a gold belt In a full court martial there ore just a dozen of these officers besides the president, and many an officer and man has found in this sort of 13 gath ering confirmation of the evil superst! tion attaching to the number. The ar ticles of war provide that when it can be avoided no member of the court hall be inferior in rank to the officer accused. Owing to the high rank of Briga dier General Eagan it was hardly pos sible to have all the members of the court his official equals, but the list as selected included four major generals, five brigadiers and four colonels. In a court martial may be determined questions of life or death, matters in volving imprisonment, fines or dishon or. Bound by almost no rules of evi dence, amenable to none for the exer cise of their judgment, the members of a court martial may probe straight to the bottom of every piece of evidence brought before them, sweep aside all technicalities and finally render a ver dict entirely in accordance with their wn ideas of the rights and equities of the United States and of the officer who is upon trial. - Standing between the court and the power which appoints it is the judge advocate. In the trial of the case the judge advocate is the prosecutor. Like a prosecutor of the pleas or a district attorney, he represents the government, and it is his duty to prepare and present to the court all the evidence against the accused. Once he had a more complex duty to perform. Not many years ago an accused offi cer was without the right to be aided by legal counsel, and the judge advo cate was bound to look after his inter ests as well as to formulate the case against him. This was a duty so mani festly impossible to perform properly that the members of courts martial, knowing that no man can fairly divide himself into prosecutor and defender at the same time, almost always be came interested in protecting the inter ests of the men brought before them, and it took a strong case or a clever judge advocate to get a verdict of guilty. Now this has been changed, and it Is the duty of the commanding officers at the posts where such courts are con-1 vened to appoint suitable officers to act as counsel to defend any defendant who requests it, or the accused may employ lawyers. General Eagan, for instance, employed one of the most brilliant law yers in Washington to conduct his defense. Tbe judge advocate is also the re corder of the court Under his direction a record is made of all the proceedings, even to the most minute, for before the findings and sentence of a court martial can be carried into effect they must be approved by the officer who appointed the court or, in the case of a death penalty, by the president of the United States himself. Even in time of war there is no exception to this rule, ex cept that spies, mutineers, deserters or murderers or guerrillas convicted of , violating the laws and customs of war-1 fare may have the sentence of death ex ecuted upon them uxn the confimla .tion of the sentence by the officer com manding in the field. Whoever has the time and opportuni ty to attend a court martial may see and know evtfrythlng which takes place, except the discussions held by the court to settle disputed points as to the ad missibility of evidence and the final de liberations in reaching a verdict All other proceedings must be held in pub lic, and all the evidence must be spread pon the record in open court, so that there could never occur In this country such a controversy aa that which has stirred up France over the Dreyfus case, where the evidence upon which he was convicted baa been kept hidden even from hfs friends. Enlisted men may be tried for offenses not capital before field officers' courts, regimental courts and garrison courts, but an officer may be tried only before general court martlaL Such a court iay be appointed by any general com manding an army, a territorial division or a department or colonel command ing separate department but in case such an officer be himself the accuser tbe court must be appointed by the president of the United States. The officer who appoints the court names the judge advocate. There is one peculiarity of the courts martial which marks them as widely different from any of the civil courts. They are double in their character. Iu the trial of the greater number of the charges made against soldiers these courts act purely as tribunals of law, but attached to almost every set of charges against officers is one charge the trial of which totally changes the character of the court This is tho charge of "conduct unbecoming an offi cer and a gentleman," the same which was brought against General Eagan. There are no rules of law which do- fine condnct unbecoming a gentleman and an officer. The court martial be comes, therefore, a court of honor in dealing with this charge, and its delib erations can be guided by nothing bnt the judgment of the members them selves. The charge Is, too, one of the most serious in the whole military code, for the usual penalty prescribed, upon conviction, is dismissal from the service. It may be of interest to note that while the court martial of an officer so high in rank as General Eagan bus PROFESSIONAL CARDS A hore in tbe lead mills in vnin when the wheel luirse lnys lack in the breeching-. A man's l.ndy is a (leal like a team-Df hortcs. mid must work harmoniously. The head may want to work, and strive ever bo hai'l tu work, hill if the bodv is bulkv and I Bick the h'v.il will make no progress. I The man who is out of cnruliiiun physical ly may as wi ll (five up trying to work men- I tally. II'.- 'vili mt he uhle tu do good work, or sHtisfactiiry work, and in the endeavor to ' do so will only do himself further harm. '..The reason that men have nervous exhaus tion and prnitration is that they try to work the brain when the body is balky. The riht thiiiif for a man to do when he finds he is out of sorts physically is to (rive the mind a little rest, and promptly resort to the rtThl remedy for hin physical ailments.. Dr. Pierce's C.oUh-n Medtcitl Discovery is the best of all-medicines for a balky body. When the held aches, the appetite IB poor, the sleep is restU-ns the nerves are shaky and h.ith h-i''v and brain suffer from dull ness and l:r,-hade, it is time to resort to this preat n an dy. It restores the nppclite, correct:! r!l !! onl-m of the digestion, makes assimilation perfect, invigorate the liver and purifies mid nourishes the blood, , It is t'u li'ncd-nnV-er and flcsh- bulld'-r. Ii is tiic I si of ikta-c tonics and restuiatiivs i , ;:!..'. . l-.ili 1 ',-nnd Inin alert fifl :'"'-.. M, ilirin? d.- ilei have nothing ''just as jfonU." "I suffered five' -,':irs xvitli mi ulivr find the ncctor I'it'' ' lr. Julm . Vn. " 1 tm. Golden Rlnl won!-! !' ' fur your mol For Cj'ii I'.i -. ' ural :'' " i act K-JI....J . vent aire. 1)11, J. U.MILLEIi, DENTIST. fine Dental Work. ArtMIc Gold Viownt and Jlrltlge Work. Otflen on Btrmta St., nour 8. P, Depot. G. Ji. DIMICK, Deputy District A ttorncy. Will Praetle la mil ComrU at the State, Cro 1 rait (ltd niMrlct Court ot the Vnlted Btatra. Otltee on enntk tide ml Main atreet, between. Sixth and Hereatb Streta. llliOWNELL & CAMPBELL LAlFTEItS. Will praettta to all tme eenrta attaemtatm CknHeU Meek. W S. WREN, A TTOllXEY'A T-LA IT. "-4 Jiiggar Kulldlng, , Opposite Oregon City. 1tnntlej my " j'i'l." writes . .'. V "ii ."ii Co.. of tr t'i"rce's el I a, a well. I if it !:;...! nnl liecu and i-tiU indigestion, Dr. Ii :i;e liic mo.it nat "c t-vr d"vicd They iy,.iur.l cii'cct u tierma- BANK of OREGON CITY Oldest Bank In the City. aid up Cana Capital nrifiM t $S0 0O9 fit OOO l.V ami p Hani i J y.,4. leliv .ll. oil nie'il Ml froii at ll U I and Opinions OK il Importance Al-ONE - CONTAINS BOTH Daily, l y mail, -Dailv nnil'Siiiiilnv, - ff! a year lil, ifS a ypar 'jMIE COMMERCIAL BANK, OF OREGON CITY. Capital, .... $100,000. niANBACTS A OKNERAL BANKING BUSINESS. Loans made. Bills discounted. Makes collect ions. Buys and sells nxehange on all points in the United States, Europe and llonit Kong. Deposits received sub to cheek Bank open from 9 a. m. to M. D. C. I.atourktti President P. J. iMkykr Cashier RELIABLE FIRE INSURANCE. BEST COMPANIES-LOWEST RATES F. E. Donaldson, Agt COURT -MARTIAL IN SESSION. rarely ocenrred in the history of onr army many men who afterward at tained eqnal or even higher rank have in their time faced a military tribunal on just as serious charges. No less a person than General Win- field Scott was conrt martialed for call ing a superior officer names to which the snperior objected. General Scott was snspendedfor a year and put in tbe time studying tactics. He was a junior oTlieer at the time his offense was committed. Time brings forgetf nlness as certainly as it assnages grief. There are probably not many who remember that nine peo ple out of ten once believed General Miles' hitherto rapid promotion was certain to be checked because of dis pleasure visited upon him in a rather marked way by President Cleveland. How many men remember that Henry C. Corbin, now the adjutant general of the army and one of the most promi nent figures now in the present army controversy at Washington, was once court martialed for alleged cowardice in the face of the enemy. General Russell A. Alger, the secre tary of war, has had troubles of his own in the past, ana one of tne Hrst things which strike the man with a good memory on reading the details of the present army row is the fact that General Wesley Merritt, senior officer of the board appointed to try General Eagan, is the man who, as a cavalry leader, once declared that his present chief, Alger, should be tried and dis missed from the service for absenting himself without leave from his com mand during a critical period of tbe war of the rebellion. General George A. Custer, who made the official report as Alger's command ing officer that the present secretary of war was absent without leave, was three or four years afterward court martialed himself. As a matter of fact, courts martial and threats of court martial, like wars and rumors of war, have kept pretty steady compaif with army officers since George Washington took command of the colonial forces. It is pleasing for the populace and grateful to the ranks to know, however, that the record of trials in the American army falls below, with'fill due allowance for smaller num bers, that of the armies of Europe. Captain T. B. Francis. ?Th?. Sunday Sun ; , is Hie c!rcuti'.-t S n.luy N ispiiMr in the , i Oi hi, Price 5o a Copy. By mail, $2 a year. ' Address THE SUN, New York. A Big Job It would he a big job to tell one-lnitiilreil people a day anything that would interest them in your goods. Speaking of FIRE INSURANCE, There are no companies better, few so good, as the OLD HOME AND PHOENIX, THE NORTHERN, CONNECTICUT, and the HOME MUTUAL. A II of them, TIME TRIED and FIRE TESTED. H. L. Kelly, Agt Its Dead Easy Tf done tho rit'lit way. This paper will tell several thousand at once. For Sale A small team of matched horses. C. P. Pollard, Willamette Falls. HARNESS MAKING ' and REPAIRING Also carry a general line of Harness Goods. All work and goods first class.' cor 10th and Main sts. Oregon City, Or, A CTIVE SOLICITORS WANTED V everywhere for "The Story of the Philippines" by Mu rut Halstead com missioned by the Government, aa Of ficial Hiulormn to the War Department The book was written in army camps at San Francisco, on the Pacific with Gen eral Merritt, in the hospitals at Honolulu in Hong Kong, in the American trenches at Manila, in ihe insurgent camps with Aguinahlo, on the deck of the Olympia wiib Dewey, and in the roar of battle at Manila. Bonanza for agents. Brimful of original pictures taken by government phutograpliers on the spot. Large book. Low prices. Big profits. Freight naid. I Credit given. Drop all trashy unofficial war books. Outfit free. Address, F. T, Barber, Secy'y., .Star Insurance Bldg., Chicago, J, Schatz, Send a Boy. No matter who you send to do your marketing, you may be sure that your basket will show the same care as if you had come in person. We don't believe it pays to "work off" 8Pcond class goods at first clnss prices. If we haven't the article you want,' in a good quality, we'll tell you so but we won't send you poor stuff. Robertson's Grocery,: Seventh St., A. 0. U. W. Bld'g Property Tor Sale. . . S 50 feet front in the ME. Church j i block, corner 7th and Main sts . ( For particulars see J. L. Swof- S t ford and Otto S. Oleson. f BLACKSMITHING Horse Shoeing Wood Work, All kinds of Fine Repairing and Brazing. We make a Specialty of Repairing Oliver Chilled Plows. C. A. W00LF0LK, Parkplace.