Image provided by: Independence Public Library; Independence, OR
About The Polk County post. (Independence, Or.) 1918-19?? | View Entire Issue (Aug. 12, 1921)
CAME FROM CHINESE BASKET
Rail Origin of Preient O iy Baby Car
riage, Though the l«*a Ha« Been
FARM JOURNAL SAYS:
A mao Is known by the company ha
keep« out of.
The American baby carriage ia
really an offspring of the Chinese
basket. 'Way back in the days of
Moees, Jochebed,* mother of Moses,
«roye a basket from papyrus reeds,
placed her son in it and sent the
cargo adrift on the River Nile. The
Chinese woman uses this idea, ex
cept that she has improved upon it
so that she can carry the basket
about without a great deal of dis
comfort. The American genius got
the idea of putting the basket on
wheels, and that is just what the
modern baby carnage is.
It is also interesting to note that
the American baby carriages did not
spring up “ over night.” The beau
tiful vehicle which is now used has
gradually grown up from a rude
contraption which tipped over when
not in use. In the old days when
horse vehicle« had just two high
wheels that’s all the baby carriage
had. Then came the rig with high
wheels in the rear and low ones in
front, likewise in baby carriage con
struction. Modern days brought
the automobile with four wheels all
the same size. Baby carriage build*
ers followed suit.
GOT ITS NAME FROM PERSON
Cut Rap«r Portrait Calls« "Silhouette”
After Statesman W h o F lo u ris h « «
In Reign of Louis XIV .*
Sometimes in an orphanage there
a n happenings which combine both
humor and pathos. The other day
is a Hoosier orphanage the children
were telling their ambitions. “ I
want to be rich when I grow up,”
said one of the little girls, “ so I can
ba like we learned at Sunday school
—a comforter to the widows and or
Now little .Taney’s mother had re
cently given her a stepfather who
did not care for her enough to take
her from the home. Soberly she
■aid, " I want to be rich, too, and
I’U give lots to the orphans. But I’m
not going to bother taking care of
the widows. There are plenty of
men who want to do th at”
BY TYRANN Y.
Krosaiw, the Russian Bolshevik
minister of trade and commerce,
was bom on the banks of the Tura,
Siberia,' where the passing of Si
berian exiles filled him with horror.
He received an engineer's diploma
in Berlin, and ia numbered among
tho world’s greatest electricians. He
ia mild of manner, melancholy of
face and dreassa in sober, shabby
A reversible turbine, says the
Nautical Gazette, the invention of
a Brasilian, Fauato Psdreir* Mach
ado, ia now being perfected for com
mercial manufacture by a company
in the state of Delaware. It ia
claimed that the new mechanism
will revolutionize marine propul
sion, as it will coat lees to manufac
ture, will reduce operating costa and
will be positively reversible.
OUT OR TH E QUESTION.
Bank Teller (politely)— I’m sor
ry, madsm. but vou must bring
some on« to identify you some one
who ia known to both of us.
Istdy (hsughtily)— S ir! Our so
cial tpher-'e are entirely too distinct
for such s thing to be possible.—
RURAL HOUSEWIVES ARE TAUGHT
TO APPLY BUSINESS PRINCIPLES
It’s all the same to the hen whether
PAPA OUT OF THE RUNNING w« say
Bashful Lover’* Weighty "R em ark«"
Had Straightened Out the Course
of Truo Lovo.
prehistoric young man fell In
love with the beautiful daughter of a
g r e a t chieftain.
But as he was
bashful.and her fa
ther’s stone ax
was act bashful,
he feared to tell
So he procured
a brick—that be
ing the fashion In
stationery Just then—and carved there
on his message of devotion.
gentle ichthyosaurus croaked
witching hour o f midnight, he stole
stealthily unto the chieftain’s cave.
Then with one mighty heave he cast
his weighty remarks into the inner
blackness, trusting that his lady-love
would lind them on the morrow.
And it came to pass that when he
awoke next morning the blushing dam
sel was seated on his doorstep.
"Keggle of the Knotted Knee,” she
cried, “ I am thine! The forcible na
ture of your proposal removed the only
obstacle. The brick caught poor papu
a lovely whack on the cranium, and he
was so struck with your remurks that
he’s past objecting to anything now!”
The best time to catch «oft water
la wbeo it is mining bard.
It is easy for a man in health to
f preach patience to the sick.
We’re never too old to wish we could
go wading In the creek again.
Leave growling to dogs; they do it
better, no matter how hard you try.
Who ever heard pf a picnic without
somebody sitting in the pie?
A harking dog may never bite, but
death by fright lasts Just as long.
Home Demonstration in the Kitchen.
Girls nowadays must be ashamed of
their ears; they never Bhow them.
Daylight saving appears to he the
only saving a good many folks can
Speaking of useful Inventions, desn’t
the strawberry shortcake Just about
head the list?
Freckles may have their place, hut
It does seem too bad to cluster them
on a pretty girl’s nose.
EVER-BEARING ORANGE TREE
Possibility That Discovery in Florida
Will Revolutionixo Conditions
in Growth of Fruit.
Mystery In Small Lake.
What seems to be a natural phenom
enon is observed in the Fort Steele
East Kootenay (British Columbia) dis
A small lake or pond which
has been used for some time by a
logging company for a mill-pond, la sit
uated on tbe high bench land on the
north side o f Kootenay river aud with
an altitude of slightly over 3,000 feet
above sea level. In a small, deep hol
low surrounded by blgh wooded banks
unaffected by winds and without any
streama running In or out of It, or
any circulation In it.
The water Is
dark and brackish, yet when logs are
put In the east end of this lake, If
left unfastened will, of their own ac
cord, float to the west end within a
The mystery Is, do the
logs move or does the earth move
the logs in Its dally rotation from west
ta M at?
The new wood-metal sheet or pan
eling, consisting of thin boards be
tween two layers of metal, lias given
adapted for a multitude of uses, can
b« made In sections of any size. Is un
affected by moisture, resists abrasion
and warping, and combines strength
with lightness. In tests made a panel
&-16ths o f an Inch thick proved five
times hr strong as a solid wood panel
o f equal thickness, and 80 times as
strong hs a sheet steel panel of equal
Harold MacGrath— Humdrum Isn’t
Where you live; It's what you are.
Percy Hammond— The human knee
lien admire clever women, but sel
dom marry them.
He who boasts o t his goodnee» Is
seldom much good.
I f you can’t get what you like, try
to like what you get.
A love of colors must bave led a
White o f Hnnta county. Nova
Scotia, to marry a Mr. White. For
after hie death ahe married a Mr
Breen. She la now engaged to marry
a Mr. Green.
Breeches Bible—An edition In which
A clever woman la one who can make
man believe that he knows It alL
After a man gets Into trouble It la
easy for him te aee how he might
have kept out e f IL
One o f life’s peculiarities Is That
the world la seldom watching when a
man la doing good.
Noah was a great ball fttayer. He
pitched the ark without and within
and later put the dove out on a fly.—
Chleugo Dally News.
AR dew drops are perfectly round.
Dew la deposited only on a fluey
W e got most dew after a hot aura-
mar’ s day and a westerly wind.
Remarkable Recovery ef Sight.
The work actually begun In August
1914, when an agent was appointed
IB Erie county, N. T„ on state funds,
in 1916, it became a co-operative
movement supported by federal, state
and local funds. During that year
four agents were appointed. In 1919
the number had grown to more than
500. Then war emergency funds were
•ut off. and In the following year the
lumber dropped to 286. Although In
this one year the force of workers
is well as state and federal funds
were reduced nearly one-half, the ap
propriations made by the local peopla
for home demonstration work nearly
loubled, and agents were retained In
ilrect response to requests from the
people whom they stored, according
to tbe circular.
Home demonstration agents afford
an avenue by which the state agricul
tural colleges and the United States
Department of Agriculture offer the
practical results of their research and
experiments In home economics to
housewives of the country. These
tgents encourage the rural house
wives to bring from their store of
practical knowledge and experience
the lessons they have learned In home
management that will be valuable to
ether women In the community, and
■o help to make this Information avail
able to all. The home demonstration
•gent Is a teacher who makes liberal
Honesty Is the beet policy for those
who are not rich enough to be flnan-
Piscatorial "T rip s."
An ex-corporal of the Twenty-
eighth Canadian battalion tells of
Blind fdr ten years a Northfleld,
M a ss . tnan awoke one Sunday morn-
Ing te find that he had regained his
sight during the night and could aee
aa well aa when a hoy. There was
ne explanation aa to how It happened
Home demonstration work, though
.■omparutively new, Is looked upon as
permanent, so beneficial have been
3ie results obtained by home dernon-
it rat Ion agents
working In rural
nomes. The fundamental purpose of
Jila work, according to a report Just
issued by the United States Depart-
uent of Agriculture, la to aaslst the
*ural housewife to apply business
principles to her dally taaks for the
purpose of making the farm home as
ifflclent as the farm, thereby produc
ing a more satisfactory and perrna-
sent type of rural life. The report
referred to Is Department Circular
141, which dealt with the results of
home demonstration work In the 38
serthern and western states.
Became Ca-opsrativs Movement.
The High Seas— The see beyond
three miles from the coast.
More dew Is deposited on cultivated
than uncultivated land.
fishing trips his company used to make
the Arras front In 1918. Kach
period In the trenches was known aa
a “trip." In April, 1918, the company
commander was Capt. Salmon and
the Lieutenant was named Walea; his
batman was also named Walea. Every
day the countersign was the name of
a fish, such ks Haddock, Herring, etc.
Therefore these |ierlods became known
to the company as the fishy trip.
Prepared by the United States D ep art
ment o f A g ricu ltu re.)
When a man keeps hta own coun sel
he has not much use for a lawyer.
Beware of excesses of any kind.
Learn, like the horse, to say “ neigh.”
I b a Joint and not an entertainment.
Rtienne de Silhouette, minister
An ever-bearing orange tree, which
o f finance under Louis X IV , became Citrus fruit growers believe Is destined
Policewoman Mary Hamilton—Most
si» well known for his policy of to revolutionize the orange Industry of • f the runaway gtrla come from Bos-
economy in an age when extrava the state, If not of the entire country,
bus been discovered by horticulturists
gance was rampant that anything in a small grove at Avon Park, near
Glen Bnck— Kara were made for a
cheap, such as a cut paper portrait, Tampa, Fla. To protect the specimen,
hotter purpose than to hook spectacles
its purchaser has placed around it a
became known as s “ silhouette.”
But August Edouart made it so heavy wire fence 20 feet in height and
stationed guards day and night.
artistic that its name became some
Thomas A. Kdlson— The average col
The tree has been in bearing con
lege man doean’t aeem to know any
what of a misnomer. Born at Dun
tinuously eight years, but until re
kerque in 1789, he had approximate cently its existence was known only to thing.
ly 100,000 silhouettes to his credit the owner and several neighbors wbo,
Roy K. Moulton— Only 8 per cent of
when he retired in 1849. He was according to dtrua experts, did not the men propose marriage of their own
realize its value, but regarded it mere
extremely methodical in everything
ly as a freak of nature.
he did, but particularly so with his south Florida’s largest citrus growers
John D. Rockefeller, Jr.— My father
advertisements. After relating a have organized a syndicate, purchased
does not Judge a man by the cut o f bis
number of gruesome tales of how he the tree, leused the grout.d upon which clothes or by his bank account
had bean obliged to enter the sick It stands, and already are taking steps
to develop Its possibilities by propa
Hugh Fullerton— Some folks will
room of persons in the last throee gating it through budwoed. with the
o f contagious disease that their expectation o f having 250,000’ trees I believe anything about you so long aa
It la the worst.— From the Independent
friends might derive some consola ready for setting out In groves by (New York).
tion from a “ likeneaa,” he summed 1023.
The tree Is about fifteen years old.
up the whole matter by saying that
Its origin Is a mystery.
Its owners |
to neglect to visit his studio while believe It will bring forth stock true |
Rome men feel more at home when
there was yet time “ shows want of to the parent tree and be worth mil
consideration for the feelings and lions to the men who hnd the fore- | ■way.
affections of friends and relatives.” sight to grasp Its possibilities.
WATCH FOR FIRES AT NIGHT
Evening dew Is anhealthful, being
le den with noxloua exhalations.
Crocodile Tears— Hypocritical grief;
the crocodile was fabled to weep as It
ate Its victim.
Ages— According to Hesiod, there
were five ages of the world; Golden,
Sliver, Bronze, Heroic and Iron.
The Wise Men of Gotham—Three
Individuals, residents of an English
village, were noted for tlielr folly.
Field of the Cloth of Gold—A plain
In France where Frauds I met Henry
VHI, so called from the magnificent
King Can Do No Wrong— Meaning
the Sovereign Is not responsible, but
his ministers are, for the mistakes of
Smell o f the I .amp— A too labored
literary work; Pytheas first applied
the phrase to the orations of Demos
thenes. who studied constantly In a
cave lighted by a lamp.
A downtown dairy lunch had hewn
having very good sales on a special
sandwich, relates the Indianapolis
News. It was just a sliced hard
Dew will not stay on rose leaves, be
boiled egg and ham between two
cause these have an essential oil In
pieces of bread, but it looked good.
No one had ever questioned the val
(lew rolls off cabbage and like leaves, ue of iL so many paid 20 centa
because they are coated with s fine apiece for the sandwiches very will
But one dav a waiter noticed that
Llttle or no dew la ever deposited on
smooth stones, polished metal, or a girl who hail been in the habit of
1 woolen material.
buying one every day at lunch, was
buying just a plain ham sandwich
Dew la moat abundant In exposed
situations, there being less to arreet which was just 10 cents and a hard
boiled egg which was 5 centa. And
the radiation of the earth's heat.
as she sat down at the table where
Nature’s wisdom Is shown by the fnrt there were a number of other girla,
j that plants with woolly leaves require
, moat moisture, and It la those leaves she said: "H ere’s where I save my
1 which radiate most heat, and therefore carfare home tonight by slicing an
get meet dew.
There Is no dew after a windy night;
It la evaporated aa fnat aa produced.
use of practical demonstration rather
than the lecture or text book.
The most successful home demon
stration agents, according to the cir
cular. aim to train local leaders who,
by putting the beat practices Into their
own homes, extend the Instruction to
larger numbers of women. At least
two-thirds of the agent's time I* spent
with farm women in their homes, dis
cussing the varied problems of house
keeping and other matters In which
farm - women ure Interested. Aside
from Interesting women In better
home management, modem conveni
ences, food production and preserva
tion, better food for the family, home
nursing, and the selection and making
of clothing, the agents are devoting
their efforts to promoting community
Three types of such enterprises are
developed: The economic type which
Includes food preservation, tbe hot
school lunch, co-operative laundries,
co-operative buying and selling asso
ciations, labor-saving devices, and sal
vage shops. The social type is con
cerned with such things as recreation
centers, civil Improvements, and rest
The educational type em
braces farm home tours, libraries and
magazine circles and the like. *
Local Al« Needed.
A county organization In extension
work which desires the appointment
Of a home demonstration agent should
first communicate with the extension
service ut the state agricultural col
lege, or with the agricultural agent In
the county, the circular suggests. It
le necessary for the local organiza
tion or county to give some financial
support to the home demonstration
agent, though the greater part is sup
plied by the state and federal funds.
To supply that share which Is re
quired of the local organization there
have been organized within the past
two years in the majority of the 33
northern and western states what Is
popularly known as the "family" or
"new” farm bureau. This Is an asso
ciation of people Interested In rural
affairs, the membership of which com
prises men, women, and young people
who generallv pay a uniform member
ship fee of $1 a year.
Forest Branch ef Cana«lan Govern.
ment Expect* Goo« Rooult* From
Thia Ue* of Airplane*.
Aircraft patroling the clouds in
the dead of night will defeat forest
fires in the great reserve* of western
A squad of planes has
been obtained by the Dominion for
estry branch. Two main flights will
be made daily over the southern Al
berta district*. Enough night pil
grimages will be made to spot the
smallest outbreak of Are. These
flights are made in the timbered
foothills of the Rocky mountain«
weat of the rich agricultural coun
try of southern Alberta, now being
rapidly settled. Beside« adding pro
tection to the forest product«, the
new aerial patrols will minimize
danger of fire in the vast grazing
sections of the reserves, where thou
sands of head of cattle and sheep
Aircraft patrol» have been started
by the government in other forest
districts'. Forestry report*, showing
Canada ha* 225,000,000 acres of
merchantable timber, declare that
the annual lose ia being greatly re
duced through aircraft service.
FINDS SAFETY IN DISTANCE
Greek Reeervlat in Unite« State« Jok
ingly Refute« Offer of Employ
ment by Cenetantine.
After serving five year» in th«
Greek army, with rank of firat ser
geant, receiving hi» discharge last
January and coming to Marysrille
three weeks ago, wh»re h» obtained
work in a local cafe, Edward Kallas
received a letter from tbe Greek war
department informing him that his
das* had been called into service
against the Turks and requesting
that he report in Athens as soon a*
possible, says the San Frandsco
Kallas immediately wrote a per
sonal letter to King Constantine as
“ Dear K ing: Your letter received
and contents noted. After serving
five years in the army I have done
my bit. As the walking is not good
between Marysville and New York
and the swimming between New •
York and Athens is worse, and ow- j
ing to the fact that you did not send *
transportation, I will be compelled
to refuse your kind offer to come
back aud mop up the Turk« How
ever, you have my beat wishes and
I hope you do well.”
WORDS OF WISE MEN
The worst solitude le
no true friendship.
PO W ER FUL MACHINE
A gigantic machine, with jaws
which open to take in timber ir a»
sembled wood structures 30 feet in
height and which can crush them
like egg shells when the jaws close
together again, has recently been
erected at the forest products lab
oratory of the United States De
partment of Agriculture at Madi
This machine is to be used for
testing very large wooden columns.
It is possible to exert a force of a
million pounds with it, and it is
built to crush a wooden post a foot
square. Its great range of testing
speeds enables it to apply its tre
mendous load with the fatiguing
slowness of a building settling on its
foundation timbers or with the
speed o f s train dashing onto a
wooden trestle. Architects and en
gineers have very little data of the
kind which this machine will supply
to the scientists at the laboratory.
to have j
He la most powerful who has J
himself In his own power.
Leisure cannot be fully en- I
Joyed unless It Is won by e f £
The greatest natural genius
cannot subsist on his own stock.
Tact Is more Important than
j talent— always remember that
f people are more easily led than
Because of the constructional
conditions attending submarine de
sign, according to Admiral Sir H.
Bacon, a craft which navigates be
low water loses a large per cent of
it* surface fighting efficiency. Ton
for ton, the fighting and scouting
efficiency of a submersible craft of
whatever size is only about 15 per
cent of that o f the surface vessel.
Sir George Owens Thurston, naval
director of Vickers, Ltd., gives
figures to show that a submarine
of 5,400 tons, having a surface
N EW PENOLOGICAL IDEA.
speed of 30 knots, could mount sn
armament o f only one 5.5-inch and
The officials of a penitentiary are
one three-gnch gun.
trying a new experiment by re
"C O U R TS MAKE WOMEN TOUGH.”
painting the four cell-blocks and al
lowing each prisoner to select the
One of the deputy sheriffs in a ril
color he likes for his own cell, for court is opposed to woman jurors.
the psychological effect it has upon The atmosphere of the oourt tends
the malefactor. The corridors of to make them cynical, hard-hearted
the cellhouses are being painted a and heartless, he believes.
light brown. The cells are being
“ Why, I know a woman in this
painted in attractive tints o f yellow, building who isn’t afraid of a mouse
blue, brown, buff, etc. Xone of the any more,” he said, acoording to the
cells, the warden explained, is to Milwaukee Journal. “ The other
have somber settings, but are all to day a mouse came into the room
b« bright and cheerful. The penolo where she was and when she
gist is always an optimist.
couldn’t find anything else to throw
IN T E R C H A N G E .
“ Hiram,” said Mrs. Corntossel,
“ what is the new hired man com
“ He isn’t reallv complainin’ .
Talkin’ about his troubles is just a
hired man’s way of bein' «oeiahle
at it she pulled off her pump and
was going to kill the poor thing
with iL When she came into the
court some years »go she wax the
meekest little thing.
“ Yea, sir, keep the women out of
court if you want them to retain
their gentleness and kind-hearted