Meat Production Smashes Record Twenty Billion Pounds Is Total for United States in • 1918 . FARMER WAS BIG FACTOR Output Never Approached in Magni tude in Th la or A n y Other Country — Striking Increases in E x ports Are SHown. MISS SYBIL FLETCHER Cincinnati Reds Get Two in One When Slim Sallee Is Taken From New York Vogue Launched by French Mak- ers Still in Favor. Ity o f the people, as a whole, enabled them to afford the increased cost. In fact, laboring people probably con- j sumed more meat during the lust year thun in prewar times. “The total number of cattle slough- : tered in 1918 is estimated at 15,750,400, | as against 13,723,900 in 1917. .Their average weights were practically the j same for bi/th years, and the beef pro- ; duced from them was 0,680,000.000 j pounds In 1917 and 7.641.000.000 pounds In 1918. Tills was n remarkable achievement, ns It hardly would liave been credited thut beef growers could Increase their production u million pounds in one year. Results Called Stupendous. “ The hog matures quickly, therefore ; a much more rapid increase would be | looked for than was the case w ith , cq|- tle. Even soothe resists for 1918 can be described only us stupendous. The hogs marketed In 1918 numbered 09,- 854,700, as against 57.48tt.800 In 1917. Furthermore, the average weight was ; nine nnd a half pounds more per hog in 1918. Thus when the animals are turned Into pork and lard we have a , total production of 11.225,064,000 j pounds in 1918, as against 8,478,289.- 000 pounds In 1917, an increase o f 2,- Miss Sybil Fletcher, daughter 747,355,000 pounds, or 32.4 per cent, Rear Admiral and Mrs. F. F. Fletcher, nearly one-third.” is one o f the attractive girls o f the Striking increases In exports also are younger army nnd navy set in Wash shown by the bureau. Beef shipments ington. She is the older o f two daugh abroad in 1918 were 94 per cent more ters and is attending Vassar this year. than in 1917— the chief 1918 Items be ing 514,000,000 pounds of fresh beef nnd 141,000,000 pounds of canned beef. United States than In any other n>nn- Exports o f pork und lurd in 1918 try in thu world— although some amounted to 2,279,287,030— which was sparsely settled countries raising much 71.7 per cent more than the quantity meat have a larger per-capita consump tion. It also says that there is room sent abroad in 1917. The bureau shows that in the aggre in tli«» United States for a great expan gate more meat by fur is eaten in the sion in the use o f mutton and lamb. Washington. — American dressed- meat production, including lard, •mounted in 1018 to 20,129,800.000 pound.s— a quantity never before ap proached in magnitude by tile live stock Industry o f tills or any other country. The corresponding figure for 1017 was 16,317,300,000 pounds. Three-fourths o f the enormous in crease was in pork und one-fourth was in beef. The meat surplus In 1918 was so great that dxtra export demands made little impression on It, although 1918 ex port shipments o f meat and lard nearly doubled the 1917 figure— rising from slightly less thun 1,700,000,000 pounds to slightly more thun 3,000,000,000 pounds— and these figures do not In clude shipments to American military forces abroad. The aggregate 1917 consumption of dressed meat and lnr(l in the United States was approximately 14,500,000,- 000 pounds. This means, after allow ing for Increase In population an nddl- ition o f 23 pounds for every man, wom an nnd child in thè country— despite the food-conservation campaign which In 1017 caused consumption to decline considerably. Farm er Was Big Factor. “ While the people, us a whole, through their abstinence averted the Immediate crisis, It was the farmer who was the really big factor in the ultimate situation,” says the burenu of .animal Industry, United States depart ment o f agriculture. “ The producer, o f course, was expected to do Ills part, but he did it with such powerful effect that in a single year the meat shortage electrically lighted mill wns a bright was turned Into a pronounced surplus. Save Ammunition Dumps and Big target fo r the German bombers, ran Thus in 1918 there .was not only meat Sawmills From De electric wires into the heavy \joods fo r enough to supply all foreign demands n distance of one-third of a mile from compatible with the restricted shipping struction. the mill and installed a number o f elec facilities, but n greatly enlarged quan tric lights on the trees. Whenever nn tity was available for the home con alarm o f nn nlr raid came, the lights sumption. iff the mill were extinguished nnd the “ T o be sure, It cost the farmer more, lights among the trees one-third of a much more, to feed his animals nnd mile from the mill w ere lighted by get them to mnrket. I-lkewlse, all other Electric Lights S trin g in Woods Mis switching on the current nnd were kept steps frimi producer to consumer, be blazing while the Germans wasted lead Huns— W o rld’s Biggest Regi came more costly, hence the High bombs on them nnd inflicted damage ment Cut 3,000 Cords of Wood prices. Hut the unprecedented prosper- only on some o f the trees. a Day for Fuel. “ Other mills up nlrmg the fighting Washington.— How the Twentieth, front were also bombed frequently, but the biggest regiment In the world, made without serious damage.” Hungry Mothers Are Continuing his statement nbout some up of lumbermen and foresters, fooled Eating Their Children tlie Germans nnd saved ammunition o f the wonders accomplished by this dumps nnd big sawmills from the Hun regiment o f lumbermen nnd foresters New York.— Starving refugees bombers, Is told by Perclval Sheldon (luring the war. Mr. Itldsdnle writes in In the southern Caucasus are re Itldsdule, secretary o f the American the Americnn Forestry Magazine: "Th e regiment was composed o f 49 sorting to cannibalism, a num For«*stry association, o f Washington, ber o f cases haviilg been report who recently returned from a three- companies of approximately 250 men ed o f mothers killing and eat month tour o f France, Belgium nnd ench, divided into 14 battalions and ing their children, according to n England Investigating the forest losses having connected with It 36 engineer message received here by the o f those countries. The association service companies or labor troops. It American committee for Arme lias planned to aid In the reforestation was organized originally to contain 48 companies, but the Forty-ninth was nian and Syrian relief from Hr. of those countries, also of Italy. added in France, being composed o f J. H. T. Main, commissioner to Fooled the Huns. members o f the New England saw mill the Caucasus for the committee. “The biggest mills operated by the untt who had spent almost two years “ The southern Caucasus is Twentieth regiment,” says Mr. Itids- in cutting In the Scotch forests. Three full o f refugees," Doctor Main’s dale, "w ere nt Eclnron, in the forests officers and 90 men volunteered ns a message rend. “ For example, o f Argonne. These were situated near nucleus o f this company. The full I-lrlvan, thq, capital o f the so- big ammunition dumps nnd as the complement wns secured by getting called Armenian republic! nor plant was ran nil day nnd all night, be men from other organizations. mally had a population of 30,- ing electrically lighted. It made a very “ The chief forest cutting o f the regl 000. At present there are 100,- good target. The mil's were bombed 000 persons In the city and vi inent was in the Vosges section, with several times, but none o f the workers cinity. Epinnl ns headquarters. At Eclnron, was Injured nor wns much damage “ Mothers nre killing their chil in the for«»sts of Argonne, wns the Inr- done, and finally a real Amcrlcifti trick dren and cnllng them. Cannibal gest single installation, n mill capable resulted in so misleading the German ism, British officers tell me, Is o f shipping, ns it did, nn average of bombers that the danger was entirely becoming quite common.” overcome. This trick wns devised by 5,000 ties a day. This mill furnished Major Spencer, who, realizing that the duck boards, bridge timbers, piles nnd poles, etc., for the First and Second armies. “ At the time the nrjnlstice wns signed, the regiment had 81 lumber mills In operation and 12 more being Installed.” The contingent with the First nnd Second American armies at the fight ing front mnnaged to secure and main tain a production o f nbout 3.000 cords o f wood n dny, which supplied fuel for approximately 1,000,000 troops. Foresters Trick German Bombers YANKS PULL CLEVER STUNT EX-EMPEROR IN EXILE IN SWITZERLAND BRITISH P U N FOR AIR MAILS Newspapers Claim Supremacy in Com mercial Development of Airplanes. Kx-Eraperor Carl of Austria-Hungary seated between two companions at his place o f exila io Switzerland, and, above, W artegg castle, his place o f residence there. BUCK AND WHITE Sometimes when a ball club signs some particular player it reully gets the equivalent o f two athletes by a simple mathematical process, adding Afternoon Drese of White Crepe de one mun to its own roster und re moving one from some other club— Chine Heavily Embroidered in a fellow who hus been special poison Front W ith Black Wool. to the team. For instance, the The imported gowns from that dear signing by the Cincinnati Ited! o f In acquiring Sul the Paris are not pretty as to line andsde- Slim Sallee. sign— not even the most enthusiastic Reds get a good left-hander— one of admirer o f French creations can en the best o f them ail In his duy, and thuse ovfcr the very short skirts and sleeves und the rather bunchy look most of them seem to have— but they are decidedly interesting nnd, more than that, 6veu they uce different from anything w e see hereabouts. Now, for instance, says a fashion writer, comes a white silk Jersey eve ning gown, and from Doucet. It is a charming thing with long lines so very graceful that It is distinctly novel. While it is true most o f the import ed models seem to be rather bunchy. It Is also to be noted that they all more o f less are of the one-piece or chemise type of dress. This particular evening gown is an excellent example, as it has nothing to hr«»ak the long lines ex cept a wide sash going twice around the waist and looping just at the hip on one side. The ends are finished with u heavy silken fringe und about halfway tip the skirt are looped strands o f white beads punctuated with large tyrUjet sequins. The yoke o f the bodice Is ornamented with the same sort o f beuds and Jet so placed thut they fall over the shoulders und thus form the sleeves, as there are no others. It is difficult to describe a frock of this sort for the reason that It is far lovelier to see than it Is to read about. A ll last year the French makers Slim Sallee. were busy launching a vogue o f black and white, nnd tlie combination is still with probably another good season in highly favored, us I find it exploited his composition. But, heililes pleasingly in a Lanvin afternoon dress lug a southpaw to the club, of white crepe de chine heavily em Reds remove from the N ew York team broidered in the front with black wool. man who was arserflc and prussic This dress bus the queer skirt distin acid to the Cincinnati club— a pitcher guishing a number of French gowns who could always bent Cincinnati and by beigg so much longer in front than was sure to take afHeast five or six in the black and also by having most games away from the Reds each sum o f the fullness gathered in the front. mer. A black sash goes around the waist and falls quite to the hem in the hack. Indeed, the sash is an important thing bn every gown, ns it appears In many unusual and interesting ar rangements, sometimes placed high up under the arms and crossed In the front The art of cooking*cannot be learned out of a book any leore than the art and again in the hack, where it loops o f swimming or the\art of painting. between the shoulderbiudes and then The best teacher Is practice; the best falls the length o f the eutlre frock. In guide sentiment. this instance the sash is not more than A)ur Inches wide and appears on a Seasonable Food for the Fam ily. Lige satin frock made with the sim A dainty breakfast or any other plicity of a little girl's school dress, meal well served with a few well-pre falling long and straight from the pared dishes is o f far more value to shoulders, with only the little crossed the fam ily than the mere food sashes at the bust and in the back to nutrition; a good meal has a moral hold in the fullness. The sleeves are influence which we often fail to ap very short, just the length we would preciate. call awkward, as they stop far short of the elbow. Fillet of Beef With Vegetables. Mother’s Cook Book. POTATO INSECTS VERY INJURIOUS % Colorado Beetle Is Sure to Exact Heavy Toll if Close Watch Is Not Xept. HARMFUL TO GARDEN CROPS Attacks Eggplant, Tomato, Ground Cherry and Other Plants— Blister Beetle Feeds Upon All Forms of Garden Tru ck . (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) I f careful watch Is not kept, the Colorado potato beetle is certain to exact a heavy toll. This beetle and its “ slugs” a rt so well known that no de scription is necessary here. The range of this pest covers a large portion o f the United States, but it is not found extensively or in especially injurious numbers near the Rocky mountains. It abounds from New Eng land und Canada to Florida, westward to Texas, and in the northern Pacific region, where it has become trouble some only recently. Both the “ slugs” (the young, or larvae), and the beetles (adults) feed upon tlie potato plants. A fter passing the winter in the ground, the beetles usually appear at about the snnve time us the potato plants, lay their eggs, and continue feeding. They often destroy small areas, especially those grown for gar den purposes. When the “ slugs” of the first crop begin their work they usually finish up that begun by the overwintered beetles, leaving only bare stems, which become dry nnd black. A fte r exhnusting the potato, the beetles attack eggplant and other plants o f the potato family, including tomato, ground cherry, jluipson weed, nnd related weeds. In the most north ern range of this insect there is prob- nbly only one generation a year, but two generations and a partial third oc cur southward. Ducks, guineas, and other domestic fowls eat the beetles and larvae. So also do snakes, toads, and skunks, which frequently gorge on them. Ar- of leud is the best remedy, ap plied-as advised under “ Leud Arsen ate.” Blister Beetles. Blister beetles are next in impor tance to the Colorado potato beetle as potato Insects. They are slender, some- W ipe a three-pound fillet o f beef nnd brown in a hot frying pan In hot drippings; when the entire surface Is seared over, turn occasionally, cook ing fo r thirty minutes. Remove the meat to a serving dish nnd garnish with n cupful eacli o f cooked peas nnd parrots, the carrots cut In fancy shapes nnd w ell seasoned; add one- half pound o f mushrooms sauted In a little butter fo r five minutes and serve with Mushroom Sauce. Take one-fourth o f a cupful o f fat, add five tablespoonfuls o f flour nnfl stir until well browned; add n cupful o f soup stock, a third o f a cupful of mushroom liquor nnd half n pound of mushrooms cut in pieces and cooked In butter five minutes. Season with .salt, pepper, nnd just before serving add n little more o f the fat le ft from Colorado Potato Beetle and ‘Slugs,” the frying pan. To obtain mushroom oisLarvae, at W ork. liquor cook the stems o f the mush rooms in cold water to cover and re what soft bodied, o f various colors, duce to a third o f a cup. nnd feed upon nil forms of garden truck, appearing to prefer potatoes, A pricot Shortcake. following with beans, peas, and re Prepare a rich biscuit dough, roll lated crops, beets, cabbages, squashes out rnther thin, butter and place in and others. When occurring on the po two layers with the butter between. tato, they are sometimes called the "old-fashioned potato bugs.” T h is is a most charming vest of rose When the cake is baked it Will spilt Lead arsenate Is the best remedy, easily. Cover the shortcake when silk and lace- Many are the acces prepared and applied as directed fo r baked with stewed nnd slightly thick sories for milady’s spring wardrobe the Colorado potato beetle, but driving and the vest is decidedly popular ened apricots and juice. A little but ter spread on the enke adds to Its and burning also are useful. among the number. * flavor. ROSE SILK AND LACE VEST GINGHAM AND MUSLIN LINING Materials for Inner Finish of Coats and Capee Afford New and Ap proved Idea. W e hear o f satin capes shown at the Parts, openings that were lined with I-ondon.— The British press general a soft p llf fabric like duvetyn. These ly asserts that the commercial devel must add materially to the warmth of opment o f the airplane Is much further the garment, notes a fashion writer. And have you heard of gingham lin advanced in Great Britain than In any other country. According to the Amer ings? This Is a new Idea, but after ican chamber o f commerce In London, ail, why would not gingham make as a mall sendee from Cairo to India al good a lining fo r a summer cape or ready has been surveyed and a route coat as satin or penu de cygne or chif from Cairo fo the Cape o f Good Hope fon ? > Who would ever have dare«) to use Is being laid out. Aerodromes are to be established at unbleached muslin for the lining o f «ultnMe stmts In the British isles and coats and capes? No one in the world llrltish possessions nnd equipped with hut one o f the smartest of Paris dress wnind nud light signals, balloons, aerial makers. Appntvntly this Is merely a umys, and wireless telegraph nnd tele hit o f daring, and not done in an ef fort toward economy, for the un phone outfits. "Already cargo airplanes nre In bleached fabric is used to fine the dght,” fhe chamber o f commerce nn- mogt gorgeous nnd luxurious o f gar aotinces. "A huge British Seaplane o f ments. lovei type, equipped with five motors, Organdie and English Prints. das been flown, carrying six tons, nt Some of the newest French blouses 100 miles nn hour. Experiments are being made with another having a car are of organdie trimmed In English prints, ■ cotton fabric printed In calico rying capacity o f nine ton».” designs. Rice W ith Banana*. Peel nnd scrape three ripe bananas and mash them until creamy, adding a few drops o f lemon juice. Stir this lightly into cold, cooked rice and serve with sweetened cream. ThLs is a dessert especially liked by the lit- *le p«*opie. Savory Toast. Chicken gravy poured over bnttered toast makes a nice supper dish or good fo r luncheon. Served with a crisp salad nnd n cup o f cocoa one has a fine meal. Another dish similar to the above Is a white sauce with chopped «herd cooked eggs, poured over toast. The eggs may be leftovers from break fast. Date Salad. Arrange stoned dates cut* In quar ters on lettuce w it i a small spoonful o f mayonnaise In the center, with the iat«»s forming rays like the petals o f a flower. This Is a salad which the 'hlldren will be allowed to eat. BOOST GIVEN SHEEP RAISING Organization Formed in Louisiana to Interest Farmers in Breeding Better Animals. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agricultsre.) Tfie 25 sheep-extension men o f the United States department o f agricul ture now working in co-operative dem onstration projects with state exten sion forces will be under the supervi sion o f G. H. Bedell, who wns formerly county ngent of Green county, Penn sylvania. Mr. Bedell has been ap pointed specialist in sheep husbandry and began his work in the federal de partment March 17. The work o f the department’s extension man in Louisi ana Is illustrative o f what these work ers are doing in many parts of the country to Improve the sheep industry. He assisted In bringing the sh«»epmen o f that state together nt a meeting o f •live stock raisers, which resulted in the organization o f the Louisiana Sheep Breeders’ and Wool Growers’ association. The purpose o f this or ganization is to interest farmers In raising more and better sheep, to sell their wool clips co-operatively, and to unite them In their fight against sheep- killing dogs.