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About The Independence west side. (Independence, Or.) 18??-1891 | View Entire Issue (July 6, 1894)
$2.00 Tor Yonr.
INDKPKNDKNCK, TOLK COUNTY, OllKOON, FRIDAY, JULY 0, 1894.
Five Cents Tor Copy.
lational Bank !
; Capital Stock, $50,000.00.
1. r. conmawat
I a ia,ral banking and xehng business
RtiUM'Wd; loan, iaa.it, tun uiHeouniea,eum.
eretal ersdlt granted: deposits received on
)arrut account subject to check, tutsmt paid
)B tint deposit.
It t. Hmlih, A. Nelon. 1. A." Allen. W. It.
nwru, A. J.UotMlmeu. It, W, Hear, 11.
!. Commenced Business March 4, 1839
fctaiilished by attooul Authority,
FIRST NATIONAL BANK.
of liuti'pendeuee, Od(on,
Capital Steak .
a.alXHU'KII, U W, UultKUTSON,
Prwldeat, vie Preside t,
W. II HAWt.KY, Cashier,
J. B. Cooper, U . Robertson, lwl Itelmlrk
Q, W. Wblleaker.W. W. C'olltu.
A genera) banking business transacted
Buy uil wll exchange on all Importaut
)ults received auhjtwt to check or on eer-tln-tef
deposit. Election wade,
omes hour; a. m. to 4 e, u.
UaNUTEO UNDER THE UWS Of OREGON'
Polk County Bank,
J. H. HAWI.EV
IRA C PuWfcXl
Paid Capital, $30,000.
J. H.HswIey, P. L. Campbell, I.M.8tmD
J. B. V. Butler, J. B. Hiump. F. & Powell
A reneral banking and exrhanse business
transacted; loans made; deposit rwttlvi.il
subject to ebwk or on certineal of dcjioalf
lateral paid on time deposit. , ,
a-KIrs proof vault aud burglar rotr safe,
secured by Yale time kick.
uu.es Hours: a. ui. U 4 p. ui.
adspsadsae and Monmouth Motr Lin
TK , l:.
"MS ' ' '
East and South
The SHASTA Route
Southern Pacific Co.
California express Irnlna run dally,toiplng
at all stations between I'oruuna euu aiunnj
Mr.H. Lv. Portland Ar, :.
lOiar.M. Lv. Albany Ar. 4381 a.m.
Kc.WA.ll. Ar. Baa Francisco Lv. 7.0UP.M.
Roaaburfl Mall ("M ZZT
Portland .... 8:A,. I Roseburg .,..6(0 P. .
Koseuurg..,. 7.-00 A. M, Portland ....4:J0 A, M.
His Cu: a 0$s Ms.
PULLMAN BUFFETT SLEEPERS
and , ,
Hecond-Clam Sleeping Cars attached
to all through trains.
West Side Division.
Between Portland and Corvallla.
Mall train dally (except Sunday.)
7)a m I Lv.. Portland.. Ar
J 1:1(4 a m Ar Independence-A r
lJ.lf p m Ar Corvatlls Lv
b X p m
1:54 p in
1:U) p m
At Albany and Corvallls, connect with train,
Oregon Paeltlo railroad.
Express train oally (except Hundny)
4740pm Lv Portland.. Ar I W, m
7:25p m Ar M':Mlnnvllle----.vlJ!?
Oragonlan Railway Dlvlalon and
Portland and Yamhill Ry.S
Airlle mall Trl-weekly.
VM a m
6:20 p til
hv... Portland Ar
Lv Monmouth. v
A r Airlle Lv
3:05 p m
7:45 a m
700 a m
Through ticket, to all poInU In the
Btate". Canada, and Europe, can be obtained
from T, M. 8T1VHK, Agent, Independence.
Manager. AHt. O. K Pa. Agi.
PoAlAND. OBKOON. .
Salem and Independence
Leaves" Independence and galera
Mouday, Wednemlay and Friday, leav
ing Independence at U:45, Hulem at
7:80 a. m., and arriving at Portland at
2:15 p. m, , .
Leaves Portland Tuesday, Thursday
and Saturday at 6:45 a. in.., Salem for
I ndependence at 4 p. m.
Excellent meals served on .boat at
25 cents per meal.
Passengers save time and money by
taking this line to Portland.
' Steamer will carry fast through
freight and offer special rates on large
Unexcelled ' passenger accommoda
tions. Mitchell, Wright & Co., Gener
al agents, Holman block, Salem, Or,
Pioneer Life in Oregon
How Polk County Came
to Bo' Admitted.
Rwy Itocltal of Swkl Custoiii. Habits
aud Legislative Methmls of the
Ttw fwllowttiR Is from lhi oftli'lal or
o( Indbndiit, whu t a ntKknt of
land Htanfunl. Jr. unlvpratty. It wna
wtin by "it duuirblfr of llfnry Hill
f Iml'Hn'tici, wiiti Is AtuiU'tit f
Two iiv tif lnimlK:titl(itv w!it
lnwftrJ th North WMt In this 40', oik
f Htur-ly Nmv KiiBlnmt atock cnm by
s"uco.-h Htftil'me(ts thnmmh
m Niw Y.x'k, Ohio and llllnot, and
utoojinl "wturo roll tho Orvgon;" n
Wlnr aptvad from VIi'kIdI., to Kn
lui ky nil MiMrtoui'l, nihI on lotlm VU
Wiriutt. Tli tmu from th north
bmuitht with ttii'iu tht iiniunotiu'iiu
of tu I.m'hHiii'h thrtmirh which thp
bait itifvt. Vrhnis ilwy axpct'twl
to llmt iwm time for enjoying life,
whou thf" -pHOh! ft mora ftmlal
ttlm wtr tti anil iHiuld 1 worked
a( moMt. ny lime of the your. The
amoKi'ii'i-iiu of the lonsr cold wlittor
fViiiiiK fhiui)it'.l lon thoaf who hud
been wutomitt to them entered a
ell'iuii wttt'W ouittiior yportii could b
pnJoytHl ninety all tl year round.
A one of th ImmlitratUa of '4? aald
of ihe wwiy Ort'iron amuiMment, "We
K-iini! an-J trartlcml throwliif the
iamtit, iltrhel quolta, ran home, and
plrtyt'd ivuJi. We hunted, flahed and
tmuiwd moMtly for profit." Tit men
from lh suith Influenced the socIa!
Ufa of the -.t le r aa much a, the
Yankee did. They brought fine ?,mle
and blmidel hor,- from Kentucky.
Th fli?eteHt and Urongwt, hi-lh(r
mnn or beunt, had nurvlved, and the
pkmetr wlui arrived (n Oregon my
tat aald to hitvo Im I ft no coimliluMon,.
They had go4 health, as all of them
now living will rebate, and conaoquent
ly were ready for nt)f kind of health
giving umuioment. Hut many a fath
er klllod by an lndlnn arrow, many a
mother worn nut by fhe weary Journey,
were buru-d ulong the emigrant trail, j
Their llttlti children were mnellmea.
left to the anr of h!f-grovvn boj, and ,
glrU who be-jnme the strong and ten
der fath-nn tnd mother, of the eirly
Oregon rac. The young girls who
,l-tit their time In caring for the
mother!. Ilt'. one often beHtowet
upon th -to the intention thnt many a
worthy matr.n could not h.ivo given
them. Tito) put lent girl generally
rtu.rrtcd at un enrly Age, and made
life for their own children as happy
as youny m ther with good nerve,
uited to fr-h air and sunshine, can
always mak it for healthy children, j
j'neee itt(i cnuoren nao mm out
tht-y were' of their mothers' manure-ton-,
oiol If a pink calico dress could
be obtained, their highest ambition m
the art of loll making was reached.
This llttio plec of calico would be
bought from tho Hudson Hay eomany
at (irc.n City. Tb motihrs nnnpi-J
over th' hills with ih.Mr children In
the spring .o plrk wild strawberries,
which the Indians railed "ol ahl'.es."
In the summer they gathered wild
binckberrles, salmon berries, and haaej
ruts In the .lve bottoms. The fath
ers hunted deer and bear, from whisie
rklns were made buckskin moccasin
nnd soft rugs for the floor ami bed.
Out of this buckskin tltu mothws ob
tained the material to gratify their
Lone for making "pcniy things,"
among which were tho moccasin for
liie children fancifully finished with
beads, colored stllct lug, or pieces of
the same aoft leather, dyed by native
barks. ' The children were eager to
learn all th lr children knew, and you
can still find old men who learned to
knit In the early days and old women
who learned to shoot, and a few who
learned to play the fkUPe.
It the first children of a family hap
pened to be girls, thj fnther w.is Just
as proud to tench them s.11 he knew ast
the mother was, consequently we hear
now of correct ml Idle-aged women
who were matched to run foot races
with their neighbors' boys for Jack
knives as suites, The winner of
course learn! to whittle and make
whliitles out of ash and maple,
Neighbor visited on horse back, the
husband nn.1 wife usually going to
gether and taking all of the children.
Two horses Wire enough to supply the
young family, as the fa-ther took the
bnby In front for safe protection, and
perhaps another little one behind,
w1vlle the rrKrther had orw or more
wHh her. They were ail put on In
front or behind until trey were big
enough to ri b alone, which they did
about as soon as they would hold their
feet in the stirrups.
As to ihe first theatrical represent
ations prodUAid on the Pacific coasl,
the performances on, the . "Modesto"
are worthy of mention. I find by the
"Spectator" of Feb. 19, 1346, that on
the third of that month, under the
patronage of Captain Bailee and the
officers of the "Modesto," and bufore a
full and respectable audience, the com
edy, "Three Weeks after Marriage"
vas psrformid, followed by "The
Deuce Is in Him." Tho scenery was
palruted by the crew. The young la
dies who took part in the play were
the dautirs of Oregon settlers,
The young men had plenty of time
at thou' disposal. Heme of the more
ingenious mida fiddles which the
others learned to play, How they ob
tained fiddle strings I do not know.
One of these yloneer tiddlers thus des
cribes the bsglnning of a dance at
which he anl a flddlor frkmd assisted:
"They took us out Into the middle of
the room where all the gals was
drawn up In a line. We took turn
about at fiddling." "As a result of
Buch social intercouriii?," says Senator
NesmHith, "there was often a union ot
two 'half-sections to one of which
each of tho dancers was entitled when
they bad concluded to w<u together
The legal hlstcry of Polk county re-
If you want a Good Square M oal for
,Oo to the
MRS. L. CAMPBELL. Prop. 1
lee Oeam every day during the season.
Chicken Dinner every Hunday Meulnerved
at all hours. Main Bt Independence.
nalla the early legialatlv imeedlnii
of tho provisional governim-nt lit IK47
to the mind of on Its members, lion,
J, W, Nesmlth, who was afterward
state senator from Dragon dttrli.g th
elvll war, and who helped save the Pa
cine slip to lh Vulon. Ho thus rv
oord his raootlectiona: "Aa an illus
tration of the honest ant simple di
rectness which prvdhl our legtula
live proceedings of lhat day, I will
mention that In 117, t had the honor
of a seat In the leglnlaturs of the pio
visional government: It was my And
step up.m the slippery ruigs of the
(jolitlcal ladder. The liglklaiura then
tonslatsd of bu: one houso and we sat
In th old Mwthodlst church at the
fails. Close by the church, Burton
Let had constructed a ten-pin alley
where tho members wcro In tho htbli
of resorting for relaxation and re
freshment from their legislative toll,.
I had aspired to th apenkership and
iupMid mytlf sure of the poaiilon,
but the earns uncertainty In political
matters existed th n thai I have n
,o much of jlnce, Borne of my friends
threw off on me and elected a better
man, In the person of Dr. Hubert New
ell, Clod bless his Oil "out! In the
small collection of books at the falls.
I found vrhat 1 haJ never heard f
before, a copy of 'Jefferson's Manual.'
and after giving It an evening's p.
rtmal by he light f ait armful cf
pitch knots, I found lhat there w.m
such a thing In parliamentary usnge
as 'the previous question,
"I h4d a bill then pending to cul off
the aoulhern nd of Yamhill and to es
tablish the county of Plk, which
measurs hal violent imposition In .he
body. One morning while most of the
opponents of my bill were amusing
themselves at 'hare billiards' In Lee's
ten-pin alley, I called up my bill, and,
after making the best argument In Its
favor I could, I concluded with! 'Anl
now, Mr. Bpeaker, upon this bill I
move the previous iael'oti.' Newll
looked confused, and I wis sntlm!
that he had io conception of what It
meant, but he rallied, and looking
wise and severe, (t huve seen pre
siding officer In Washington do the
same thing) salJ: 'Sit down, slrl .
sum your seat! Do you intend to
trlfltf with thi chair, wh-n you know
that we pasJ the prelc u uuotl n
two weeks ago? It was the first thing
we did!" I got a vote, however, be
fore the return of the 'horse bltlU
(layers, and Jolk ctunty ha e lonal
exWenc lodav, ntwHhtamlln the
adverse ruling upon i qttetlort af par
WEEKLY MARKKT REVIEW.
What They Are Paying at Portland
Portland, Or. The local markets
are quiet. Trading Is eonnned entirely
to supplying the city demand. Receipts
of small fruits and green stuff from
the country adjacent to Portland, were
heavy, and prices were completely d.
moralised. Farm produce did I not eon
I. I.Aawllu .n lth..iitfn In. n..mHml
waa noi uiai-ni, pin:e mrij
stronaer than they were last week.
Groceries, provisions and other mer
chandise sold slowly at unchanged
THB WHEAT MAUKET.
Export values In the local market are
given nominally at ?5c per cental for
Walla Walla wheat and 77 vie for Yal-,
Flour Standard brands are quotable
follows: Portland. Balem, t'ascadlaj
and Dayton, $2.60 per barrel; Waila
Walla, 2.0; HnowHake, $2.65; Corvatlls,
2.&0; Pendleton, )2.tk); graham, 11, and
Oats Weak at Mo per bushel for
whit and S6e for gray.
Hay-Uood, 110 to 113 per ton.
Butter The market Is firm and prices
show a tendency to advance. Block straigm one, wun up sngrruy panea.
have been considerably reduced, Or-j They are neither thick nor thin but
gon fancy creamery, 18 to 17c; fancy of iul length.
dairy, 14 to lBc. ucn an indifferent mouth belongs
Cheese Oregon, U to 12'j0 per t' ' Indifferent person, neither gmid
pound; young America, 13Vj to liVjc; nor bad. courages nor cowardly, re
Swiss, Imported, 30 to 32c; domestic, Ugluu iwr irreverent.
16 to 18c. " j Huch a mouth Indicate that ralher
Eggs Firm and scarce at lBc per than go to the trouble of fighting the
dosen. I owner would branch out on a new way
Poultry-flupply scant, demand poor utterly Indlflerent as to the road he
and quotations weak. Old chickens, II navels, but It fighting Is necesary,
per do. Young $2 to $3, according to again appear tht ladeffercnce which
else. I makes the fight a bloody one, born
Vegetables Oregon cabbage, 40 to 60c nut 0f having learned .to submit wlth
per do.; California cabbage, 91.00 per 0tit quostlonlng the Inevitable,
cental; cauliflower, $2.75 per crate, II1 a rosvbud mouih next appeared bo
per dosen; parsley, 40o per tlosen; string fore me. A mouth a man would like
beans, $1.40 per box; wax beans, $1.60 n daughter, but not so well In a
per box; asparagus, 60 to 65c per do.; wife. There is no sympathy there,
peas, to Be per pound; cucumbers, nothing but innocence and -unahlne.
$1 per box. I The owner may poHsess admiration
Ilerrles-Btra wherries are quoted fr the fine arts and polite literature,
from 2 to 2'jO per pound; raspberries, 0 poetry and of eloquence, and may
4 to Be per pound; blackberries, We per;rllHn everything fanciful ami exqul
pound; gooseberries, 2'jO per pound; -Ue wherever It is fouiut, but she
currants, 4 to 5c. ptuid never frame words of consola-
Freh fruit-Oregon cherries, IB to 50o tk)n, 8orn,w and trouble she cannot
per box; California cherries, 60o to 80c understand, neither docs aim want to,
per 10-pound crate for black; apricots, xl)B guy rr0W(1 cuuUi not wait to
80 to (Kto per 2B-pound box; California pR8, by one by om hxlt bmKea me
apples, $1.B0 to $2 per 60-pound box; t0 B,ve tha indication of different
75o per 26-pound box; new cooking ap- qunlulll wi,nB they, by standing in
pies, 7Bc per 25-pound box. front ,.,t mirror, would doted
Hops-Prices nominal, as follows: tht,m om, , anuth(,P, guating my
Choice, 10 to He; medium, 7 to 8c. re)t ,n a jomf0rtliblo chair, I contlii-
Wool Dull. Valley, 10 to IO'jO per uo;J.
pounu; umpqua, iu to juvjc; ivasiern
Oregon, 4 to 7c, according to quality
New York, July 2. -Hops dull.
Liverpool. Wheait steady; demand
poor; holders offer moderately; No. 1
California 4s ll'(d to 5s d; red west
ern spring 4s UV44 to 5s id; winter
4s to 4s Id.
New Tork, July 3. Hops, dull.
Liverpool Wheat, quiet; ' demand
poor; holders offer moderately; No. 1
California 4 JlMjd to Ss d; red west
ern spring 4s ll'jd to 6s Vd; do winter
4s 7 l-2d to 8 l-2d.
The principal cause of poor dairying
li a waste of soil fertility. As a rule,
the land in dairy districts Is generally
rough and stony, only portions of it
being arable. It has been devoted to
dairying because that was the best use
to which It could be put. When first
cleared of timber, the virgin soil being
fertile, It was soon covered with sweet,
nutritious grasses, as Is the habit of
nature. No care being observed to
husband and return the plant-food in
the form of manure, which was taken
off in the form of grass, the pastures
became partially "cowed out," and ac
cording to another law of nature,
oosrter and less nutritious grasses and
weeds took the place of those of bet
ter quality, A few reading and think
ing dairymen saw this and set about
remedying the difficulty, They feed
their cows on some kind of grain the
year round, avoid any manure going
to waste, and return all to the soil,
and ; now nutritious grasses come in
fnnter than thev went out. These
dairymen get a double return for mon
ey Invested In grain-feed once In milk
and butter, and once in better manure,
Non-reading and unobservlng dairy
mon continue In the well-worn ruts.
What the Lips Iteveal
to the Initiated.
Character Can Be Told
Truly by Them.
dreed, Obstinacy gml I'rldfi Arc
Port rayed by Nom-IIow to
"Hind a h'inilkerchlef over your fac,
l.sivlng the mouth and chin enpoeiM,
I would prefer that you would throw
a wrap of some kind about you that
I may not recognise you; then be
led before me, ant by the mouth and
chin t will point out the existence of
certain talent and propeiiaMlM ex
isting In each p?ron.
''I will declars to you facta for which
the mouth Is a sign hung up for the
guidance of man.' This 1 said to a
party of "hu( Ins" om rainy nlglil
"f this bistk knowlmlge you are go
ing to Klve us?" aaked th first
shrnud'Hl tlgure hs she stood befote me
"No, It Is nothing but glietnlng,
from observation. 1 will toll you
what In your mouth pirfnts out be-nevoleiM-
to m. The Him ace equal
and cover well the teoth; they both
curl enough to show the red of the
Inner lip without cnualog the under
one to droop or th upper cue to look
"When closed the upper lip dips Just
a tiny bit Into the lower one and the
corner of the mouth come to a sud
den stop without turning either up
or dawn. Often limes such a mouth
as your Is accompanied with a dim
ple, "Jf you cultivate benevolence for the
Hex ten years, as you have done In
Me past ten you will be found spend
ing your all In promoting what you
suppose to be the salvation of your
fellow creatures, for you already have
a Halvatlon army girl's tnouth to per
fection." Bhe lore off the handkerchief and
disclosed the face of the most ardent
worker In the Oiwn Air charities.
I What made It more Interesting wan
thnt eh had Jotnel the party after
the pnililim to play the game ws
mat. and no one anew who she was
'but the bllndrohler.
Ah mirthful one,"
, olBlBw4t another girl ptred.
, circle when vrought oowft to mwt
the lower one; therj I always strife
between the tw to see whloh can
flirt most with the eye.
"The lower I rather full and long
and Is Irncliitcd to afiow the teelti, lull
the constant turning up ot the cor
ners Into a smile kill all trlous in-
tent and declares life so far one great
joke to you. The old adage, 'laugh
and grow fat though qua.int, accords
both with tho phlloaophy of your tia
ture and your experience with man
I "If. aoeonllnir to the rommon notion.
'every sigh drives a null Into one's cor
iln," you will hold that 'every laugh
should draw i.e out," You are not s
giddy girl, but a sunshiny one that
people are selfish enough to want eon
sismtly about them."
The next mouth was a perfectly
"A confiding mnulh will have full,
rounded lips, appearing much thicker
then they really are on account of
tholr rolling outward; there is not
much firmness about 1 such, a mouth,
and while the owner will espouse the
cause of a friend with great warmth
and feollng. she will, perhaps, leave
him In a worse predicament than he
would have boon without her help,
fihe purrs a great deal and is gen
erally content with the present, for
getting, in a nunncr, tho absent ones.
"A tnouth that droop at the cor
ners has thick lips, and the upper
one a little bit shorter than '.lie lower
Indicates always a vain and pouty
person. She will paint her checks
red and them pout becauhe someone
tells her she has too much on,
"She Is a good scholar generally,
but is not a favorite In society; men
like her better than women, how
ever. She will marry, but, as she
does not like children, she will make
a poor mother.
"A mouth that turna up at the oor
ners abruptly like a lamb's, Invaria
bly belongs to a weak-minded stupid
body. It Is a sad mistake that so
many of our artists insist on repre
senting beautiful womeni with the
"There is no' strength of character
to Hps that curl up suddenly at the
corners; one would prefer that the
artists make u Americans decidedly
selfish, and draw the corners droop
ing to the extreme rather than repre
sent us as simple-minded beauties,
"Cautlou.wess is doclared In, a large
mouth with curved lips, very full, and
the line of the mouth ma.klng a de
elded double wave, When the teeth
dhow, frankmias of character is mant
tested, also generosity and faith
"A woman with suoh a mouth
would make an enviable i wife, for
fihe never flirts nor is unreasonable:
deceit Is not her mature, but good
Judgment 1 pronounced In all her
"When the upper Hp I ton; and
curl In on Ihe lower as If gathered,
and then vpars If two stout
stitches ware taken at tho corner to
prevent the lip flying away from
the tenth entirely, you may set down
In your m4nd that that person I
socrellv and Is ever In dread of
someone finllng out his business,
"if th mouth bttlung to young
lady ah 1 ever imagining tlMt her
associate are wuiutlng to know her
pvtrnonat affair; she never fail to
know all about their. Hha .1 kind
hearted, but unfortunate; will make
few, friend, and is always on the dtt
tensive, . -fJ,,
"In lov affair h wilt be unlucky,
as she In likely to take th slightest
manifestation of friendship a a'
demonstriMlon of love, and a a con
sequence frightens away her male
friends, before they learn whether
they are really Interested In her or
"A muth that seems to be cut
from the nostrils lowti ward, wit mak
ing the corners alone turned down,
but rather the whole mouth, and with
a short upper tip and a very full
under, la sure to belong to a haughty,
lilgh-brd,' wtll-eduoiled, ; Independent
Woman, Him J qul"k bumpered, im
petuous and Impulsive, Hlie hu
friends or tnemi.); there are no half
"Meshy lips that roll slightly from
the teith and unite bluntly at the
corners, making It almost an Impossi
bility to close them wlWiout making
Hit lips have g gathered appearance,
belong to tho sentimental woman.
him. 1 always In love, and seldom
"Lip that cover the teeth and meet
on a straight line, showing of the
red a very, very little, and when
closed have a smooth yet not drawn
appearance, denote great dtermlna
Il.iit d jt'TinlmtUcm that has growr
out of a strjng and unbreakable will.
"Lls that wer, naturally meant to
beioog to a laughing and lovable
mouth but have lengthened and broad
ened and grown thinner through tho
constant and nervous drawing of
them tightly together while Intent on
some difficult taik, express a strength
ulnae in the owner that will
fac any disaster with milm,
"A Jottlott m nidi Is easily picked
out, It always shut with a simp,
sinks In den at the corners, making
Ihe cheek appear as If It must fel
low or be out M from it entirely.
The Hps are full, and if not drawn
so tightly back In the corner would
"The owner Is very clever, and never
happy unloa In love, and thinks her
self adinlrod much more than she Is.
Nh is c incelted, and suffer greastly
on besrtng others pra Intnl. u l
assltiNt her natur to believe good of
people, and she serins ever banker
lug aftir the evil repot ts about her
"Without meaning to tattle, she
sprmtd the unhappy remarks and
forgets to repeat the pleaaant things.
In the aooMy In which alio move
she is a a thorn In the flesh.
"A straight, largs mouth, with full
Hps that show both rows of teeth In
laughter, indicate good nature and
"The dude, you will notice, general
ly has the receding chin and drooping
Hp that shows the red gums and Ir
"The corners droop from the weight
of the under lip, which Is red and
slobbery. The whole points out simple-minded
"The lip of the cynic, misanthrope,
are flexible to such a degree that
they can curl and wreathe in scorn
and disbelief, and Immediately turn
Into a smile of friendship and cour
tesy that makes It hard at first to
decide the utural bent.
"The melancholy droop of a mouth
Is well known; we see too much of it
nowadays. Tho under Hp often purses
upward III It quite climbs over the
upper, and there liana in discontent
and misery. The self-satlalled has
rather m tight expression, and If the
corners are turned they gjnerally in
cline upward Into a wee bit of a
"The xprelon 1 generally that
of a half smile or Just prepared to
turn Into one, but a sudden droop at
Ihe corners of a mouth that has a
very full under Hp also indicates
groat aolf-oateem and Self-satisfaction,
"A tippling mnulh, or one very
fond of drink, has a very heavy under
Hp, often drooping and extending far
out from the teeth; this Is met with
a thick uppr Hp that never fits.
"In debating the nicer shades of
character I don't think I would care
to have people look only at my mouth,
"Although as a lablallst I may be
true in tho general principles of the
scImivco, jet should I be choosing a
friend I would want the eyes, the
voice, tho bead, the whole face, the
whole person, In fact, to stand be
fore mo ere I could pass Judgment
with anything like Justice," N. Y.
COXEY IN MINNEAPOLIS.
Ho Will Speak at a Local Labor Plcnio
Minneapolis, July 8, General Coxey
arrived today to fill an enaaaement to
speak at a local labor plcnio tomorrow. 1
He declared he was not responsible
for the depredation of some of his fol
lowers In various part of the coun
try, but (he movement had accom
plished great good In calling attention
to tha condition of the . Industrial
classes. He declared he was certain
of an election to congress.
FATAL TRAIN WRECK.
Greenville Junction, Mo July 2.-1-The
Montreal express on the Canadian
Pacific went through 'i trestle between
Atkthwal'te and Moosehcad today. Tho
followlrg persons were kilted:
Engineer Fred : Leavett, Negantlo,
Ma; Fred Foos, Canadian Paolfln sta
tion assistant at Greenville; Waller
Sltirkcy, mail clerk, St. Johns, N. B.,
B, O. Hoyt, passenger, Font Fairfield,
Me.; unknown second clasa passenger
Irjurcd: Angus McDonald, fireman,
probably fatally; Chales Grant, station
agent ait Blackmail, concussion of the
INCREASED ACREAGE. The total
acreage of full bearing hops In the In
dependence vicinage is 784 acres, and
the amount of spring planting Is S40
acres, making a grand total of 1,124
acres, Last year there were marketed
from this acreage over 550,000 pounds
of hops which brought a revenue of
more than $100,000,
SNOW NEARLY GONE. Monday
Messrs. John Templeton and Harry
Mllliorn, arrived In Albany from Prlne
ville by the.Sweet Homo route, having
come in a light rig, and report only
about a mile and a half of enow on
the summit, and that It Is rapidly die
The 8. P. Officers Serve
Alarming Situation in
The Local Outlook it Hopeful, but
Nothing Dfiflulte Can He Predicted
-General Condition Cheerless.
PORTLAND, July J.-Tbe following
notice wa sent out today from the
genurul office of the Southern Pacific
Hallway company In thi city
"The paralysed condition of th com
pany consequent of th atrik I such
that we will not be able to atart up
work at shop. But It 1 our dealr to
make every effort to keep regular train
lu full operation. And a our president
has told u over wire w will stand
by those who stand by us, In this
coim-H'tlun we will treat all employes
In train and engine service who do not
resume their duties by 12 o'clock noon.
July 4, 14, as having voluntarily left
the sorvlc of the company, R, Koeh
ier, manager line In Oregon, 8. R.
Field, Rupt line In Oregon."
IN TERRIBLE STRAITS.
Ban Francisco, July $. With rioting
in progress at Sacramento and three
regiment of stat militia under order
to proceed to that point; with tx com
panle of United State Infantry en
route to Lo Angeles, another center
of disturbance, and with a- horde of
strikers in Oakland ripe for riotous ac
tion, the whole people of California are
In the midst of great excitement. Such
events as the railroad strike has de
veloped have heretofore been unknown
In California- Tonight th tie-up on
the Southern Pacific and the Santa Fe
systems is a complete a at any time
during the five days since the blockade
was instituted, and owing to the dls
turbanevs that have arisen, tho situ-
at Ion is graver than It ha been at any
time heretofore. At Oakland, notwith
standing the strong police patrol, the
strikers became riotous today and
aelxed two trains. They also took pos
session of the station and the railway
yards at Sixteenth street. One con
ductor who attempted to run hi train
past Sixteenth street was beaten. The
police were unable to cope with the
SIDE-TRACKED TUB SOLDIERS.
Six companies of United State in
fantry who were called Into action and
ordered to Lo Angele ar tailed at
llakerefield, thi side of the : Mojave
desert, and It is not known how they
csn be transported over the Tehapachl
grade and desert. When th train ar
rived at Dakcrafletd at 12:20 this after
noon, the engineer deserted.
HONORING MRS. STANFORD,
San Francisco, July 3. Mr. Stanford,
widow of the late Leland Stanford,
and executrix of the great Stanford In
terests In the Southern Pacific railroad
continues to play a romantic, or at
least a plctureeque part In the desper
ate struggle now waging between the
company and the A. R. U. Today Mrs.
Htanftrd, borne by A. R. U. men, had
a triumphant entry Into the city. Her
car, decked with flags and bright bunt
ing, came Into Oakland thi afternoon.
Interviewed tonight, Mrs. Stanford
said: "I never passed through anything
like this, but never In my life was I
treated more kindly than by these men.
I hope for their sakes the difficulty will
soon be settled. The fourteen men who
camo In my coach and brought me to
the city were as gallant as possible,
Up at Willow they escorted me to the
hotol and paid all my bills. Every
where they were o kind, saying they
did It In remembrance of the manner
In which my husband had treated
Sacramento, July S. Shortly after 2
o'clock this afternoon, U. S. Marshal
Baldwin boarded the englna which was
to have hauled the eastern overland
to Han Francisco, intending to prevent
the mob from assaulting the engineer.
As the engine pulled into tha depot,
one ot the strikers hurled a rock at
the engineer, but missed him. In an
Instant, the howling mob surrounded
the engine and seising Baldwin pulled
him from the cab. He waa then
knocked down but Instantly regained
his feet and drew his revolvers. Point
ing them at the strikers he called
upon them In the name of tho United
States to disperse and go to their
homes. Ills advice was greeted with
hisses, and cries f "kill him," came
from a thousand throats. Immediate
ly half a dozen strikers seized hi arms
and prevented him from using his re
volvers. Several of the rioters struck
him with their clinched fists and also
kicked him. By a superhuman effort
Baldwin managed to break away from
his tnplors and sought safety In Supt.
During the excitemont a rioter whom
he attempted to arrest escaped. Bald
win has called on Gov. Markham for
Pasadena, Oal., July 8. Gov, , Mark
ham has ln,truot3d Major Qenertii Dl
mond to send troops from San, Fran-!
Cisco to Sacram 'iii'o, using his own
dlsormtlon aa to the number necessary.
The governor Is eo.Mncanit ooiwnun
Icatlon with the mlllltla officers all
over the state. He consfclerw the situ
ALLOWED TP PROCEED. v
Bakersfleld, Cab, July 3. Tha train
Which was carrying the troops to Los
Angeles and Which waa stalled in this
city, left for Los Angeles at 4:43 this
; SEATTLE NOT DISTURBED.
Soatitle, July 3. There is scarcely a
sign of the strike here, Tmffto 1s going
on regularly over the Canadian Pacific
and the Groat Northern. Trains on
the Seattle and Lake Shore rani as
connections will allow.
STOCKS NOT AFFECTED.
New York, July 3. There; seems to
be no desilre on the part of holders of
shares of rwtlroaA i.toek affetoted by
the strike to saorlflce them and under
the circumstances; it Is remarkable
with what firmness the giejigreMs and
trunk lines are held. . .
Wall street appears to look upon
tho defeat of the strikers as a certain
ty, awing to a laok of Justice of their
cause. The London market reflected
the confidence of foreign holders In
the stability of values.
' San Barnitdlno, Col., July 8.-Word
boa been received of the burning of
Highest of all In Letvening Power Lateit U. S. Gov't Report
bridge on" the Atlantic lc Pacific In
this county ixair Needles and the fear
Is entertained that the shops and
roundhouse will be destroyed.
RESUMING LOCAL SERVICE.
Portland, July $.-f"ie strike today
hs extended to the Southern Paolfle
local .trwbm The West Side train
from MeMlftvUl arrlvel this afternoon
but ewtde frm this no train arrived
or left over that line. The Nomhrn
Pacific sent out a train for Taeoma
at 12:35 today i.nd one arrived at I
tonight from TV-oma with a Pullman
rftached. The engine was manned
by a non-union engineer and fireman.
The Southern Paollie expect to resume
local servlae torn -stow. Malls for the
north were dispatched from San Fran
cisco on the ertewner Btaxe of Califor
nia, A WHOLESALE SWEEP.
Chicago, July 3. A most sweepig
ordered was telegraphed over the en
tire rvs-tbweetern railway system to
day. It will throw out of employment
10,000 men. It Is Intjnded to strike
from the payroll during the continu
ance of the tr)ke, every man who Is
not absolutely necessary for the dis
patch cf what business the company
may be able to handle,
MAILS BY WATER.
Washington, July 1 Portmater
General Blseell today had a consulta
tion with Superlntendentt Wliite of
the - railway mail service, over the
strike. The hemmed In condition, of
the portal service In California is
looked upon as exceedingly serious,
and steps are being taken to offset
th trouble by steimer transportation
along the coast.
A SHREWD MOVE.
Chicago, July t-Chlef U. S. Deputy
Marshal Donnelly said today that
most of the men who appeared at his
office to be made Into deputy marshals
were stnt there by the striker. "There
, were 200 men sent Here tnis morning
,by the manager of the atrlke," he
said; "It waa useless for us to keep
on with the business of swearing in
deputies, for nearly the whole supply
was coming from the ranks ot the
Chicago, July 1 Great anxiety was
caused today among the railroad offi
cials by the theft of powder at Lan
Deputy Sheriff Spears, at Roseland,
telephones to the sheriff office that
In hi opinion th stealing of the pow
der at Lansing was for the purpose of
blowing up bridges to prevent the ar
rival of deputies. ..
TRAINS ON THE NORTHERN.
Taeoma, July t The eastern through
train which ha been tied up here on
account of the strike since Wednesday
last, left for , Spokane this morning,
. und.tf an escort of sixty deputy United
States marshals armed with Winches
ters. Two trains arrived from Seattle
today and two departed for Seattle.
One train pulled out to Carbonado and
another left for Portland. ; The Port
land train arrived tonight at 10 o'clock.
There are now 130 deputy United States
marshals guarding the property of the
(Northern Pacific and protecting non
union men from possible harm. Up to
sluta AhAiif OlVl man hotNt annltail 4nm
I v,vrw w iiiuii imrt. u i t tut
work and In a tew day the officials
j say tha company will have all the men
neeaea 10 property operate tne roaa,
Chlci-go, July S. There is but one
day's supply of Ice in Chicago. An Ice
famine Is Imminent and Is the most
serlou result of the tie-up of the rail
roads, more aerlous than the threat-
.ened famine In fruits, vegetables, but
ter, eggs ana similar goods, rne striae
has practically killed all action in rail
road office and every road running
Into Chicago is making large reductions
in Its efflce force.
TARIFF BILL PASSED
BY A VOTE OF TIIIRTY-NIXE TO
The Agricultural Appropriation Bill
Passed with Some Amendments
Relating to Seeds.
WASHINGTON, July 8.-The tariff
bill has passed by a vote of 39 to 34.
In the midst of Intense excitement
at 10:45 tonight after having been de
bated for three months and one day,
the tariff bill amended to take effect
August 1, 1894, passed the senate by a
vote of 39 to 34, a strlot party vote
except Mr. Hill, who -voted with the
republicans against the measure. The
populists divided their strength, two,
Messrs. Kyle and Allen, voting in favor
of the bill, and two, Messrs. Peffer
and Stewart, against it,
Washington, July 3. The . agricul
tural appropriation bill was reported
to the senate by Call, from the com
mittee on appropriations today. Among
the amendments made by the senate
committee is one directing the secre
tary of agriculture to have seeds set
apart for the use of senators and rep
resentatives directed and mailed at the
department when senators and mem
bers request, which is a return to the
old system which was discontinued by
Secretary Morton. The bill appropri
. Washington, July 8. In the senate
today the tariff bill was taken up.
Faulkner asked that the committee
amendment on the wool schedule as a
whole be agreed to, and. It was done.
The silk schedule then being taken up,
the committee amendments were adopt
ed and then copying paper, filter pa
The only Pure Cream of Tartar Powder.-No Ammonia; tjo Alum.
Used in Millions of Homes 40 Years the Standard
per, tissue paper, etc, wer raised
from 20 to 36 per cent ad valorem.
When bituminous coal wa reached.
Hill renewed hi motion mad in com
mittee of th whole to place coal on
the free list, but the committee amend
ment placing a duty of 40 cent a ton
wa agreed to by a vote of 67 to 9.
When the Income tax section wer
reached, amendment were adopted
without division, except two. upon
which McLaughlin had demanded a
separate vote, excluding from the oper
ation of tax salaries of United State
Judge and of the preeldent of the
United States. After debate the amend
ment exempting salaries of U. S. judge
and the president were defeated, 94 to
The-amendment to section TL repeal
ing the reciprocity clause of the Mc
Klnlcy law, declaring the repeat
should not be construed to abrogate
reciprocal arrangement now In ex
istence, wa agreed to.
June then, m behalf of the com
mittee, prprsed an amendment chang
ing the dale on which the bill should
go Into effect from June 30th to Au
gil 1, im
Upon jone' motion, the rate on
boraoio acid wa thi iiucreaaed from
two to three cents per pound, on borax
from one to two cents; on borate of
lime from one to one and a half cents
Other dates In the bill were Changed
to confrin to the date, August 11.
upon which tha bill was to go into
Palmer moved to trlk out the pro
viso exempting fence wire from duty
Imposed on other wire, by a vote of
tnirty-elght to thirty-two, the senate
restored fence wire to the dutiable
Hill offered an amendment to the
Income tax paragraph providing that
all state, county, municipal and town
taxes paid by corporations should tie
Included In their running expenses.
No further amendments were offered
and at exactly 10 o'clock the bill wa
read a third time.
Hill followed wrth a brief pe;h.
He said that In his opinion the bill
imperilled "'the poftslbllity of perman
ent democratic success in any. nor
thern state for many ears to come.
As between the popullatlo Income tax
on the one hand and republican tar
iff on the other, he chose the latter
as the less of two evils. The bill does
rjot meet public expectations, but at
the beet Is an empty and beggiriy
fulfillment of democratic pledges. It
does thoee things which it ought not
to do, and leaves undone those things
which it ought to do.
' "Mr. prudent, I don't fail" to ap-,.-
r:-avlty of the situation,
but the course which duty and co.t
rfstency require me to pursue at this
hour is as clear to me aa the no jnday
tun.' Sink or swim, live or die, survive
or perish, I cannot and will not sup
port this bill in its present chape?'
A very Important piece of legislation
in the shape of an anti-trust law was
placed on the bill as a rider. It was
designed aa Mr. Voorhes said to se
cure lntrlgulty in the execution of the
law, It being admitted that the tariff
system afforded an abundant opportu
nity for the formation of trusts and
AT IRVINGTON PARK.
Del Norte Showed Some Grand Speed
Portland, July 3. The event of the
day at irvlngtotv Park was the 2:13
pacing race, the first heat being taken
by Del Norte, In 2:154 though Flunked,
won the race.
In the half-mile for all ages, Misty
Mom won, Archie S second, Jim Crow
third; time 50. Mutual barred Misty
Morn and Roaabud, and on Archie S,
who got second pi ice 'they paid $99.75.
One mile Lonnie B wn, Promise"
second, Dottle Reed third; time 1:434
2:29 trot Clait'awa won, DeLinn sec
ond, Judge Bioomfleld third; .beat time
2:13 pace Plunkett won, Del Norte
second, Combination George third;
time 2:15, 2:19, 2:1 2:20.
MOVEMENT IN WOOL.
The Prospect for Sheep Raisers Is
Boston, July 3. The American Wool
and Cotton Reporter tomorrow will
say of the wool markets:
There Is more wool selling. Sever
al mills have purchased freely of "X"
and Uxv.e territory wools onj a basis
of thdrty-two cents. A large sale of
scoured California and Oregon: oridfl
nal packages has also been made and
oen'slderaible unmerchanitaible "XX"
and Ohio haa been picked up. Tho
prlniolpiU sale, however, has been of
wbout 1,000,000 pounds of eight months'
,'THK OCEAN ROUTE;
A San Francisoo dispatch of the 2nd
says: The blockade of the railways
has caused people desirous of reaching
Portland and other points in Oregon
to take the steamers, and the steamer
California, that will sail for Portland
tomorrow, will carry between 300 and
400 passengers. Many will not be able
to secure Bleeping accommodations.
The Paclfio Coast Steamship company,
during tho strike, will ; run daily
steamers to Santa Cruz, and the Ya
quina will leave at 8 a. m. tomorrow.
The steamer Coos Bay will leave at
the same hour Wednesday. Arrange
ments are being made to Increase the
service between , San Francisco and
Santa Barbara, Port Hartford, San
Pedro and San Diego, as the demand
for acc&fnmotiation exceeds the supply.