Image provided by: Independence Public Library; Independence, OR
About The Independence west side. (Independence, Or.) 18??-1891 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 6, 1893)
' ! ' is
UNIVERSAL . .
r rv r.:" '' M'v'
. -J v
"W '' this
fVA fWnty, (limmrwot'wy
Jiwmuy nth, ism. VimiiV
luhiif titunt fnnl;n wulih.
INDEPHNDKNCE. l'OLK COUNTY, OUEGON, l-KIDAY, JANUARY O.H!03.
l:ive Cents IVr Copy.
A a IT. Wt INDEPENDKNCK
T. tjodg, N Mi meets every Mon
day nitfh in Masiitahall. All soionru
iu brothers art hlit4 to attend, Mlair
Miller, M. W. ). lHk. Keeonlor.
NO. IS. I. O. O
-MeeU Viomo hull every
Thursday evening UliiHtd fellow oor
dialty invited to ilkt, (kW.Shiuu,
N. U. W. W. Wi'liatjj Seorotiry.
LION LOME, V- U. r. A A
M. Slated aimiiieakious 8atur
dny evening oo or befoHfull noon each
mttuitt ami l wo waft tteaner. tt. w
Sumo, W. M. W. R t'Snaway, Pyv
HOMER LODOB, ('. 48, K. of 1
Meet ovry Witstay evening.
All kuhihts are nmliallyViied. V. S.
Latibry, a a i BUr hn K. U S
OIX BUTLEK. THYSUK AND
surgeon, ,-8oy. U. tshmM of
EL KETCHUM. M. D. OFtCE
and reaideuoe, corner ItaiUd
Mid MoumoUlb ttu, ludepeudcuea, O
J. R JOUS!iON. WS8WKNT
l J Uentuil. Alt
wiirk wrrn,l l
ave the ht f tulwwi.HuB,
TJ. LEE, PHYSICIAN ASD Sl'Jl
gm. U. 8. MMiilnittir ur'i.
OlHw oer lodKiwudeto Nnlioul 1m
.. r, onviimv IMIYXtRI A
5' "Zl" u.J.. v-i. d'ieMl nJtum if fMtO.
GEO. A--NUTH, ATTORSI Y A I
Ud. Will prttHio m 1. tt
Dd ttHtond irtii, AlwtrnoU i f titlv
taruialwd. Oflim over iDdeptnUono
Nntiuukl Btwk. 1
DALY, HIBIEY! A EAKLN. AT
lor oeyi at U. We liuTd tba otily
el of alntrsot JtHiki In l'ulk omuily.
IleliaLle alMtrecMfarBiabnl. Money tu
loan; do cxiirnilMoa eknrKml no kn,
OBlo. loomd '1 ai.3 ft llaun i bluok, DhU!
AM. II VBL t '," atto kn e y and
to Imleiwndoutw lnil Hk, Irnlo-
T30NHAM AHOLMK-S. ATTOH
J oey at U'. OtKee in Hnli
I ck. betwtiru St anJ Conrt. on Coin-
iercial trwt, t)nJ!, Or.
SA.SII a:d IKIOIW.
IV f ITCHELL AliOHANNON, MAN-
I VI irnolnrxni if HID II HUH IK"""
Al, fwroll anwioi. Mniu atreot, I
pcii.luuc, Or. j
FH. MORRIS )N. AliUtiiirA-i
. and Mnpm.f . ndoot. All chartfi-H
reaaonablp. and flu -ola work uUHrau
ted. Dalian, On-i n.
il Knttineer. All
chIIh pmmptly inhered.
at DftllBa, Or.
11 A I'l WW.
T- T. HENKLt. THE BARBER,
j. oppoaiw (ir bonae, Iudepeiv
T- If. 1
HOHNER. r.KiN MOUTH, OR.,
lL. i alwny reli .6 lio unction
ock, eithflr In
Hie mt) or ooiintiy, at
Ur O. 8HARMAN, MERCHANT
VV.. Tailor, 0 atrset, near pnatollloe
Hints in any atjle inline 10 ornr at rca
tonuble rate. ; i
O land, Oregon.
O. W. InoW ML
proprietor. Tbe IcBUinK ot. of tne
nortbweat. Fin-proof. Myniilw ele
vator. Newly fnrnwbed. Uonil rcatanr
anl connected. 1H() room. (V. Front
and Morriaon atreeta. .
T T MTTI,KP,Y." MONVntlTH
VV . own theOld Rlml'H-rooery
and proviaion ator. l;om: our
nrifMi and allilllty Ot oo(.K, ni ne UH-
.,,ra tht. wa bpII aa cheap aa Minim
eat, and will rlnlivy yor mUe m
any part ot tne cny :'jnarg,
l)ot fail to call on W. ) MuUm;
J, H. IWI'KU.
W. II H A M (,RYi
J, l. 1mp, U V. Koti'riiii,1
0. W. WtiHlir,N w'""
i mirul hank lit 14
. lMk or on ivn
fW I Ht s. hlltl I'1'1
(Ml V JlHMlll, ,
'"tii, 1.nit ki. A.
I r V
ftf i ii nil f-a
n i airtilf.
j. u. v.ttuii". i ''!
OitMlxunu - u. W ! m
Trurisai lK turi'i nil IVjI
hi"w, lm una l?ti
IllHiirJltUV llbl ri'V l i
,4 i f
tliul Uli. ilutr ail
List Their Pfc.f3rty
With HiIh Ciiin.mne, nc tln-T" -im
tn'litlluK HiU of lutl'l "' ' I""'"
hilt ili'jilrulili" mK.'ity li' R'l
lli'liU of till? htutl.
J. W. KIRKLAND. wlili-iil.
: htiTi mr
1NDEPENDEKCE 11 MIL
.MiiiiuriH'lurrriof Mill lim 111
FIR and HARW00D,
Rough and Cessed
j. A. WHEELER, Manager.
Hauling of all & Done
-i ltoiHOiinliliHi'H. :
Ajrents for'! hep, Hpats.
All billH niUMt h m!tfci,y (he 0lhi
j; ' R.iCOPER
Of IiilPI''l('iimvinK si fttarn
eiijcliMt, ln'k inin mid wvti-jI
aorrti of fiini-(;!ii,M now y,.);i idd
to kiicporij lininij,,,, 1(,aiii,y o(
Brick, wliiut wil, h()jj M mu,ou
! Bank !
City Truck and lisfer Co
This Space Is Reserved
Buster (L Shelley,
r, Ait on
1!Y a-XKHUATKl) AUTUOHS.
GIVEN FREE AS PREMIUMS TO
READ OUR LIBERAL OFFERS
t tin opjmrluulty at a lifetime to
Hwureaiu-lvetlutt of mnailanl wor.'.Jt nmf
an pjrni'f frut pcrlmllcnl at a nnmlnnl ctxl.
No. Auitwr. Tliti".
i Wllklp C'"llut Ymir fony r Yimr I.lfr,
Walter litsttint 'lh liumblinir ot the Mem
3 niinlr T)rWn-"-l lie Miiitfnlf Paprrn.
4 Wilkin CiiIIiim-TIw W.it i-'lMn'Ui lm,
Cluulotlrj M. Ilrucine A itriVe"' I .iv.
6 M. I'.. llniMml (.rnrKet.ilnl .cld'n J..urnv.
7 S. T. Culcriilge T In Kliyuia ot tin Aiinicnt
8 nirnnlrrna fl)nfiiiiv- 'the Vctlillnif Mrih.
0 ll.'s.uit aiul Klto-'l liflTpii Vi-iin iintriuimnt.
o Chjii'li ll l)li'kni Skrl hi'B of tjlinrf Cuuplcn,
it Mrn. 1'i'frrsl. T In m Ci'miif IJutisu,
la R. K. lrriiiiiilloli-l'.Mln:r'l!li)Vc.
13 Rmile Culi-irlmi Mi' ItlnrriHue.
14 t'lutili'ii (illihim In l'uttirt' (.rrcn.
l. Tlirnui llor.ly U lint thf St)e)lirrtli SilW.
10 Mury t( il H;iv In '.he H(.lut;iv.
1 Ciit.irtln Mdriv-ii-'niiiTlii'i'ctiiiirm.
18 llclirn It, Miitlicri The l.nj ' (lie I.eal,
No, A.ilhor. Tfllo.
10 MiaaM'tl'irk Tn a Hniie flniit,
to Mm. Oliiihnnt liiirthb'.iin'l,
tl ()uiilii-t.lillo (iriind unit llie Mnrflilnnr.
,3 F.VV. Kliinwn-Th Hnr-maMm HaUlriDii
si Allri'il Lord Tennvwn The l.vr' Tlo,
si Minn Tarktray ( Hit ot tlio World,
j Amite Tliomni The Mytcry, and other
MIm Miiloclt-Tli Sel Seer.
Mm. J. II. Ki.lilell Minn Mi.tlny Mishap.
aS K.itinTino S. MociiiioiilPoiir Rnifrr.
bi) The "llarliem" llnw Snonk (lot Out Of It
go A Oman ln.yle My I'rlciul, The Murderer,
31 Chiirlra Dlrfcrna The (Tilmrn.
33 Charhme M. Hraeme-A (illdril Sin.
3i Ikmntand Kico -Shepherds all and Maldcni
34 Helen It. MuthemA He Cometh Up Th
SOME OF THE ABOVE BOOKS GIYEN 11
To tvery dellnquant aubtorlbar who will pay up btwn now and January
1, 1893. on book given for evary month ovar alx months
, . in arrears.
TEN BOOKS GIVEN FOR ONE NEW SUBSCRIBER. '
. Paying omfar In dvnq. f
0n thousand wolumss havo baan ordorad from pw York and will arrlwt
hera about Dooombor 20, 1892. 1
No. Aiitlmr, Title,
3j Amhuny Truilope Why Fran rrnhmnnn
HiiIp tlrr l'rli:e,
j(S fhiirlcuDltkena Three I letcrtive Anecdote!
3? Inlet Wythe - A Wavering limine.
38 Mra.. Furreaier The Turn o( fortune"
39 T. rieWIlt Talimipe-Niglit Side of New
40 MIm Mulfiek III" Little Mothfr,
41 KiiihcrlneS, Mafiiuold -Tlio Awukenlnff,
49 Mury lei'll Iliiy- Renplnit Hie Wlilrlwlnil.
43 Mr. Korreater-Queen Kliialieth Garden.
44 ( linrlcl l)ii kom - Thr Rattle of l ife,
4 Wilkie C'olltn A SlwtkiiiK Story,
41S Oulila- Itlmhl,
47 Mln Mulouk The I.aat of the Rnthvena, '
48 Maiy Cecil ItiiyA Little Avcnlon,
40 (iiilila-The Little Knrl,
30 Ikwint and Rice The Caaont Mr. I.iicrnft.
Tlie Wiaii may nili "'"f Imifl "ml
I'lio li.nl limy live rlilhl Mjralljr,
Tim Miiiiittr rum hi iBMiifi mm iumn,
"I'lie anllor roHOI o'lroH!n ivldo,
lint llila, or Hint. wlintir IjiIiiII
i'tin mriiii'l' li imil twit lliuinull,
Til rllr lliliika, llie t lim,
Tim mlitin'it lualil-m union. Ililnit.,
I lie dot'lnr hi'iilx, Hie inwyor tieii,iv,
Tim nilMnf fnllowa lliu ("iiiii li-mt,
Hut llil., 01 lliat, wlinliiVI' luuiiil
Tlw Hirinerlie unlet fit tlii'ln all.
Tlie niefi lmiil h limy Intv unit MI,
1'li triu'lier it" lii duly will
t 11 1 imn mnv mil uinmiiii imy iiaya,
I ir iniMi may alridl tlirnnali ilnnnn ,v.
Khiiii klna Inlimuill wliiiii'Vr IhMiiII
Tlie lorn. it he 111 ul fnol tliem all.
Tlie rtinimr'a Irintp Umienf wurih,
Id' imniiKr Willi uiaaay nno rnriii,
II,.'. MtHimr Willi Hie anil ami mill,
And tin liiall low for lil gnln.
Anil loolt iiiny rlw and linol inuy full,
lint Hi tinnier lie mual ffrn! Ihi.nl all.
Unit hleaa the man who eowa the ttlimt,
Wlm Hilda iib inlla ami null uiul timm
.May In. punw I henvy lila hmirl Ik1 light,
Ida eoh,alilt Mliont ull at, rlultl.
I liul Idi'iM llll-aeellt Ilia lunula lot htft.
r'nr Hie luniier he uil lliein an.
THK CAt'SK OA' IIAKH TIMES.
F.ntTt'U Wit Biii:. In your
paper tif DeeciulMT JHHli jott nuketl
Homo of your reader to exprc
their opinion through your columns
m to the eauati of nit rest and politi
cal diHwttisfactioti now so strongly
exiuwicd and felt by the fartii"i
and produiHU-H of Oregon generally,
tit am riuitti.
The people of Oregon, while thank
leg a munificent providence for ttn
great, blessing In fertility of soil,
abundance of wood, water power,
mlns ml flshencH, but with n
junt appreciat ion of their own lalwr
and pritduction, deprmMU severely
the unjust distribution of Ute prof
ilsiw distrllniiod from their re
sources under the prevailing rule
lis fued by legislation, This feel
lug of unreal on the part of Ihepco
pie, is general, not Im-alj Is wide
spread not only ' throiighuDd the
mining ijiI agrknilttiial regions ot
the United .State, but throughout
the government, of lh world; be
cause the governments are at Issu
w ith the jaiiple ri prcsi'iiliiig the few
and the creilitor clas, at the ex
pense of labor. 'I he remwly lit
ill liniitcial Icglrilalioti;' titiaticlal
legislation for the iionplo is the
nceessilj of the day, not. liiianclal
contraction for the l ttelit of the
creditor class as we have it at the
prosent tiiniv We have tried tin
two old political parties on this
(Miint within the last twenty years,
nd have found them guilty of mis
represent ui ion and lirokenprotnis
Each four yearn they have held to
our bls the cup of hope, and
broken it to our hearts in hiitcrness
of ilmnppointitient. Within lit
last twenty years we have mailt
great progress, and have done great
woik which has yielded great prof
ils: the few hold the profits, the
many, the lii-hls of labor. The
yreat need of our nu;it i,v, is more
money, jioinl in ney, inmiey of ulli.
male rcdeiuplii'ii, gold and silver,
thr rtf ffiif Urttitiiitt tt iiiiiKi.i itf nUrrr
at the intioof Hi lo 1, that we may
nave miillcient money" nielut upon
wliicli to base our circuhitiiig me
ditiiti, There is no! gold and silver
enough in the world lo pay twenty
five percent of the govcritteiilal in
dchtcdiif ot the world, ntnt jt t
silver was demonetized in IS7.'l
when there were bill lew million
Mince lite deinouelizalioti of
silver it has been made possible for
thirty ihmisiiud men in the United
.Slates to represent more than one
half of the assessed vidua of the
Utillcd Hinlcs. OiM'S it not appear
from this that our llnnitelal laws
are at fault, and the people have
cause for unrest ami tlisntisfetiou,
with our mines shut ling down,
wheat selling for 7 eta per bushel,
cotton at 7 els per poiiud,aud oilier
farm product in p'ropo tionf Thtre
seems to be reason in this for dis
satisfaction. Hl'liM.Y OF (iOI.IV
There is In the world at the
present- time, silver aggregat
ing three billion six hundred and
forty millions of dollars; "-old ag
gregating three billion live hundred
and illiy live million of dollars.
Upon this iimoiinttill our monetary
circulation' should be. based, but
through the demonetization act of
1S73 by the United .Stales, closely
followed by" Clermiuiy hud other
counties, ami by "Kngland before
that time, this largo volume of sil
ver of ultimate' redemption was
itiiulo a token money, thereby
strikingdowu one-half the world's
DF.imut vs, niiiniTou,
This wns a sluewd thought
on the pin t of the blinkers of the
world to take from the debtor class
fitly per cent of their power to pay
niul double their necessities to be
come borrowers. Ilesides greatly i down our mines and borrow money
increasing the purchasing power j when we need it. For to produce
of their accumulated wealth, it, is i more money would work, a hard
easily seen that the increase in the I ship upon our biuikors, bondholders,
tiurciiiwinir power of gold means aland agents for foreign capital,
decrease in the price of everything
els' excepting a debt. That law
is ns fixed as the law of gravib.tion
itself. Tlds robbery poriwtrted
tilhiti lli jnnpl tliioiiKh the do
iiidiii'tliilloii act of 1H73 luw Im'cii a
vtiy jirnilliililo ono t) tho rmllUir
OittNH. jliny iir Mini ttrL'ittii,i,
Intv. hiiIihIiIIi'iI iiihhI (if tlioiin-HMtif
llto Unltt'l Willi in orJcr that I hey
mnv Intvn lii'lji in jMtiM't tinting thl
wrtHiK iigiilimt the pooplo. ...Tim
prcHM h tinttlfl to any Hint Hhotilt) we
litivn fti'fl Ptiiniijje of nilvcr our (told
wotiltl tiiko wlnitx, niul, liko wl
lows, lly out of the country, and
altioo wn huvu not froo folnmjo,
ihriiuuh fi'itr tltitt wo might adopt
litis dniililt) Htuiiilitni, foroiKii (H)un
liitu aits ihiw wiling thoir wiMirl
til mid Inking their gold from our
ooii n try. That ihn trm of oilvpr
! govi't tit'd by h Hiipply mid do
inuml for If, niid'Kltif it in a din
witttit of fiirty-Mvoii and a mirth
ci'iiIm pir oiuico, in ulititidiint proof
f liut it will not clri'tilitto with gold
at a mtlo of 1(1 to 1. Now, an a
tiwtUirof fitcL when th iStirring
Hint, fuili'd iii two ywtra ago.
lliu ltritiih tmukf wold wrui ilioc
In tln I'tiitMl Hlulw to the exlatil
of ono tiillton two laiiiilicd utillloii
dollarM. Thin wus done, not fwir
lug their dividends or intemd,
would m paid tu vr, butt" nave
ilie Hank of Kuglutul from Hharing
th fati' of the H in iiig Hroi. In
(irimf of thin U the coiiiproiiiUe bill
iutrodiieetl by Boimtor Bliertnan
in the U, 8. Henute about tliin
1 1 mo, whirl! pro v Mill to liiiltier
int!reiue the ptirehn.se of tllver bul
lion by the government, from four
million Ave hundred thousand, to
nt million ounce, per mouth.
Fi.nuiT tip twi t.
The gold HeetiiH to 1h Mt lit leaving
the I'niU'd Ktaten, an American He-
ctiiitien are being aold iu order to
Kl-tviiktheit the bank refM'rvt of
(it-rut Hrilian, I-'rance, tiertnany,
sini Atmlria, They art! wiling for
the same reason that a fanner or
ineiThatit who had a cerlaiii
aiiioiitit of money to raie on a wr-
tnin day and hour, would nell, and
in toiler to reali. an wiling their
lxt Hi-fiiiilii'H. It tdintild be plain
U every thinking man that there
are no better !ecurltHs titan our
American securities and that the
Kiipply of gold i Uh Hiiiall to do
the btiHines of the world. Hence
the iteceAsity of calling homo their
capital t strengthen their reserves
niiice they i' having very trouble-
Home tiiuesi then just now.
tint I.VrKKIWT t'tlKlF
And, tigalu, we pay England an
nually in intercut and dividend on
nr itivcdtmeiiiH, two hutnlred and
lilty million dollarM in gold. The
American toitriHlM iiend aniiuully
in Kutope aliout one hundred mil
lion mure, in gold. Our trade bal
ance wilh Kngland in about two
h it ud red tt ml twenty-live million,
and our gold product .does not ex
ceed annually, forty two millions.
So w ith or without free coinage of
silver, our gold must eonliuuoto
(jo. The level tie which we have
long derived through the invest
nieiitof foteigu capilal in railroad
building w now greatly reduced,
and one financial policy tnus4 be
made to conform to our present and
future tieiHHsitiea When silver
was demonetized in 1873 it was sell
ing at one and it half per cent pre
mium above gold. It is well
known that, the principle use of
both gold and ailver is for money,
and that money is a thing which by
law, use, and custom, Is intended
to 'measure values, conseijucnlly
when a government w ithdraws its
indorsement from either of these
metals, the one or the other's func
tions a money of ultimate re
demption lias been removed, and it
is made a commodity. If used as
money ttflerwards it must be its a
token money, ami us the greater
preference is given to the metal
Mipporledby (he . governments, it
must follow that the tabooed metal
in list depreciate us it possesses no
royulity without law. The same
might be said should a law in Ore
gon be enacted against the use of
wheat as Hour, it would necessarily
follow that the price of corn would
advance and the price of wheat fall.
To say that legislation would not
put silver at par, is to talk as the
foolish talk, Hinco legislation makes
our currency valuable. Trices
must be governed by the volume
of money in circulation, and the
prosperity of a oountry,eointnunity,
r an .individual, must bo estimated
by the amount of money it or he
represents- it or his liabilities by
it or hl-t indebtedness.
TUB IIANKINO I'Ul.tOY,
Observe the policy its laid down
by the subsidized pre-a which ad
vocates the bunkers' policy to shut
ISimetnllisiu or free coinage simply
men ns giving us the money pro-
videdby the consUtution of lhtJ.
r , , , v. ,, . I
United States, our1 fierce, and
ted btutes, our TierIHge, and,or,tteywiit most
Iliuhest of all in Leavening rower. Latent U. S. Gov't Report
ightofwlf protection against the
absorbents of the earth who have
gathered to themselves within the
last few yeam the wealth which has
Uiken the musse gcncraUons w
produce, and w ho now hold up
their hands in horror, that the pto-
ple should protest that their silver
mines should not Iw closed, ami
their debts mode perpetual.
W. It. LtWI.i.tt.
IndeiMUideuee, .Jan. 1st, 1WKJ.
C000 R0A03 EDUCATE. '
Or eel I'rohlein. Will !) Solved Wfaea
. Ilia KiiadmakhiK Kr lliiniiia,
A wmntry rmtd. Ovnrliiiul tlio icray
aiptlrrela chatter and a friKliti'tid linre
seiulaawlftly aeroaa, like a ft) ini shiulow.
The Iff1 about out Untg gruitt buii(?ha
that knm-k off a iiinn'a hut tut he rfttea
nnwiirily, or bruh liiut iu the fu' with
thuir thick lifavea. Hete ami there a
fallen trwolmtructa tboroinl.ttiid nmrkii
of a (letonr nit the bank and through the
broken nndcrbruab of the adjoining
Wooil ar viaihlu, A lit t la t ream daahea
.... .i i i.. ...... i..lii..
m.1 lt.lh.hii aa It eliilna .war. In dry i
HKiiiifiiis there la an Iy and iuconveti
lent furrow left by tt overflow. The
road would awtn to have been left to
ain b wnyfurt'm aa tfrny atiuirmls who
after all choline the elevated railway of
tree boiiKba and wihj ereatnrusof anrtir
foot thnn mini.
'Hie raiaa have wafhed divpand rough
giitlii-a: tho mek atnud up bare and
almrp of tiHilli on one aide, and dmp
timdliiilea en the oth-r entrap even the
caution. If two vehicles meet, there
U no room to pH. aHhoujjh mmwd
bind on cither aide at retches to the edge
of vlaiou. If the drivers are re pin- j
tively man and womuti, the man, with i
llmtiiictiv Kiillitntry, dra hi vehicle
out of tho way, barking, turning and
uliing all risks himwdf; if two men,
,,-y nettle the matter with much stroutr
l)tttte'd and broken vehicles tell
(V -.lory, wt'.h thuir long sucmwsitin of
ie mniidinae, the hnn tied together
ith hits of rope or roughly patched,
.1,.' norsea tinil and thin and melancholy
with hmd pulling. Truly the jewy
iiiirri?l have the beet of it.
There are few bou.'.is along tho road.
A wpultmn remains uparne mid scat
tereil where there are no roads, and there,
twi, are foinid thmw pathetic hotisvholda
of the old and helpless. The young men
ave, and often voting women aro
J gone to the towna gone anywhere
i there Is a chance for them. If they had
raised good crops, fine fruita, how tratis
port them to market? If they hud good
horses, the bard wear and tear of the
roads used them tip. If they were In
genious or thrifty there were no neigh
bors to give a word or two of wholesome
priiiws, to kitep npa friendly competition,
to trade the liarter ideas with; there was
worn out thinking in the old grooves as
well a worn out harness. And in the
short winter day and long winter nii:hU
the house was drearily iwhited from
other houses by long stretches of muddy
and rough ways, and the sight of a
hamuli face at tho door wits startling.
Ih you wonder that old auperstl
tloits and prejudices mid old fends sur
vive In lonely country district, and
old despairs and fenrs cloud the brain?
It has been said that the Salem madness
of witch murder was greatly duo to the
slow and Infrequent comimwiraiion be
tween the towns of old days. There
was time for unhealthy brooding. We
don't bale our neighlsirs if there is a
brisk Intercourse; if we have cried over
their dead and rejoiced at their good
luck and lieon bellied by them on days
of worth s and hurries. We don't doubt
the divine kindness when we see tt re
vealed in tlio kindly faces of men and
women aliont us.
The loneliness and isolation of conn
try place where no roads, or worse thau
Hone, scpnvato not connect places,
this Is the secret of human overflow into
large towns, and when those who go are
mentally and morally uneducated., of
crowded slums and tenement honsea
and even viler places.. Man needs man.
The best part of education is not in na
ture, not in txHiks it is in human inter
course. The free shows of the streets
and bulletin boards, word flushing to
meet word, the continual presence
where news is made, wliero life is acted,
getting know ledge at first hand this is
a part of the city training
Uut yon will say truly tlmt it Is bnt
poor stuff many of its scholars get pro
fanity, vice, all manner of vileuess tunl
that they ought not to need tocomo to
town to get its better dements. Well,
give them, then, a wholesome country tit
Icreourso, neighborly talk set in clear air,
the spectacular play of shower and sun
set with others beside them to look, too
a country with roads and they will stay
content. A nation of roHilniiikors Is a
nation of educators, of civilineis, ami
the dny when ft hearty interest in roml
making springs up in the country will
he the day which marks the beginning
of the solution of some of our most; seri
ous social mid political problems. KUa
F. Mosby in Kate Field's Washington.
Maaaaeliiisetta t llsve fined Hiimla,
, The preliminary neennutef the work
now in hand by the Massachusetts state
hltflnvav commission indicates that a
fairly complete survey, bo far us find
ing out wliitt ought to bo (lone, will be
inado of tlio chief highways of the state
before tho next legislature assembles,
What has already been ascertained in
regard to the deficiencies of these roads
shows that tho comniiwioti wns not un
dertaken too soon, Many roads bnvo
been found which were lit a t. ilornbhi
condition in certain sections, nnd which
will be put in proper order tw tho result
of tins iliniiuission. -
Mora important thau this will bo tho
Introduction of a system of roadmaliing
that Is si-ientilia, nnd will he made uni
versal for the whole stale. , If roads nro
iii..do at the charge of tho st-ito, also
they will be orolmhlv located 'whore
.'".uive to ti.o larger
iorestn of tho commonwealth and
Whora they wiii most benefit ucBlecie.
rmm we" ea-jatyr
portion of the cmrmitinlfy. Ifi any
event the ff;t will he to Improve our
common rivn-U ttit'l tn ninny j-arta of
tlieatalnto rfHUfr ailiility. lioa
A Komt-fllou from Kaaaiu.
A putr jmlihahwl by the Kanna Aifri
cnltiiral ciillcifa inuki tbia auKKxalxm:
"Fur a iriurwr, here b a wijk that
will fiiiiinujiii a fairly Rood roatl at all
tima of almost any tufrll eiw-ptlng-ipilrkaiinil
or prairie itmd. First, (TiKle
it ai) jKirfwrtly Hiut no water can remain
on the aurfwtft eucotid, pike the bud
THE WAGON ROADS OF AMERICA.
They Are N Heller Today Than They
Were f ifty Yeara An. .
While iiuproviiHi!nU in every other dl-rti-tiou
are ta-insf mad and the frrm;ri
everywhere aru biiildint Mint bonnel
nmt Ixfttur bunw, have bittter bom and
WBjjona, lMjfter tool and machiaery of
nil aorts, and labor aaving appliaBi-i in
the kitchen, the dairy and the field, the
roudaliy which they goto market remain
unchanged, Take the conn try over, they
nro no ta tter t dy than they were fifty
ym bko, and it in no Vxiiifgeration to
llmt thw Wa""U A1Vof
the worst in the civilized world. They j
buve cost eiummras sums of money, spent
on them in a from hand to mouth way,
but they are little better now than when
first laid out by the pioneers thai settled,
. From 13,000.000 to $!,M0.o00 are spent '
annually on the roads of Illinois, which
stun, if properly and judiciously nsed,
would ultimately build in front of every
farm in the state a good stone roml, bnt
which is now simply thrown frito the
mud. ThU is the sum exga-itded upon
the reparation of roods wider the super
intendence, such as it is, of the road '
supervisors, ixl yet It M ntwoimeiy
thrown away, Ueuo the e.n?rviora
have little or no engineering skill, ami ;
the farmers work out their road taxes
in the most desultory and incominU'ut
Uut this va:;t Bum is not all that is
lost nor indeed a fourth part of it U1
the po-ple. The fanners lose on their
horses, their wagons ami their crops
enough money yearly to inucadniuico
the roads of tho eulirn state. A ROixl
wngon costs about eighty-live. dollars.
With good roads it will hist twenty
j-ears, but with our roads as they are ft
lnsia barely ten years, i no wear anu
tiar on harneiis and on tho animals are
eiiually great. On a good stone road
a team win draw a ton at the rate of
thrcomUes an hour. On a dirt read it
takes twice as long, and at too end the - .
team is exhausted.
A recent- writer estimates the average
life of, working horws at twelve years.
but, Improved roads would and at
least on venr to the average, thus ef- -
til ting an immetiso saving in this one
reMH-ct. Then when we thitik of the
discount to the producer through not
not being able to roach the markets at
all sens-ens, so as to take advantage or
the best prices, it is almost impassible
to eomtmte the entire losses snffered
solelv on account of the inferior roads.
Whv is it that in some sections of the
con ul ry every winter corn ha to be used t
for ruel, while wheat is fed to tt uogsr r
lhcinisi the fanner own reach the
market, to exchange theM products for
prop-r fuel. It -doc not pay Mm to ,
haul his crop to market. The wear and '
tear on his team and the dalays and ex
IHisure owing to th state of the roads '
nre too much. But if he had good
miu-iidaiu road he Could bowl merrily
along in all weathers and keep himself
propi'i ly protected as well, What, then,
can lie more imixu Uint than good roads?
A Southern I ilea. "
Bock is the only thing, in my opinion,
that will mitko a solid nwd iu this part y
of Missouri. Our soil holds the water
till the heat or cold dries it up. Now,
boys, this is a good time to talk, bnt a
piKir time to work; hence we ought to
agree npou some plans and lie ready to
execute them when we can work.
My idea is to first grado the roads tip,
probably raising and draining theseepy
places with tiling, whero that is buUI-
cienlly large 6 carry off the water.
Then on these seepy, Vwd places put a
thick covering t)f crushed rock. 1 think
we would then lie on the right track for
good roads. I would liko to hear from
I will do s much as any other boy In
the community to start this work along,
mean if my system stands it If we
only make one mtlo a year in this man
ner', it's that much. Wo havo plenty of
stone that is not fit for anything else to
make at least tweniy-tive miles of good
roads within two miles of Macon. Now
I think that 1 would bo safo in saying
that 1 could get all the rock hauled and
spread free of charge that will bo
crushed in or wit hin two miles of Macon
within the next twelve months. I will
furnish the first lOOyards at tiio quarry,
ami coal and water to run the engine
while thoyure being crushed, Those I
will furnish free, : if everybody who
travels the roads will do a litllo work in
this way 1 think the good work will go
on, At least I hope so,- Boys, we will
never have good roads unless wo quit .
talking so much and "chuck" np some
thing. Ik W. Lawroneo in Macon (Qa.)
Mutual Itegret. '
Lawyer I am very sorry Cor yon, ITertf
Muller, tint Snip, the-tailor, hasttistruoteil ;
me to collect that account you owe hiuv
MulU'r-.Aud you expect to recover the
money? Then I am really very sorry for
you, Deutsche Weapon, , .,,
; lie I beg your pardon might I ask your
bite Smith, : . '
lie Would you not like to cliangts It?
She Yes; what Is yours)1
V rntheily Ailvleo.
TouSsfy Pop, is it wrong tp call another
boy names? """n " 1
liis la No, unless tho other liovjs hlg-
Ber than vnoiwiWiU" av n siv