Si , oil 1 As an Advertising Medium THE WEST SIDE Takes the Lead in Polk County. the Best Newspaper ; U ia one (M iim '' rsrW Mnir, (mHir fA HAST vitA ottjf jir h IW eon INDEPENDENCE, I'QLK COUNTY, OREGON, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 1C92. Five Cents IVr Copy. NO. 15. VOL. IX. 2.00 iVr Year. IMS ro" "t. V.InIiKI'KNWM.'K ItUMiK V. 8iV W, "! Ituawtr hall. All t':''i WLT 'V"!"4 III. UK MII.I.KIt, KrVr. VAI.I.KV I.OlmKNiM. vnii hull v.ty Thuradny Vi-ZwtiTy tiiHnt in at- VV. K, rav-, awTrmry. m . l.ioN 1.0IHIR. No. . a. r A. M, rimtnl wMiimimli' Hon. ii mountay evwiiiis ,r Iw&iri' mil Mn '" "" u.t iwn wika Uii'iwini'f. . W.Mttitn.W.M. W. r.iviin way, Hi'.'l.'lBl'Jf i 1,'aik Mii.trn.K. (', LEE & BUTLER, I PHYSICIANS IB WEOHS, 1 -!AUOf- ? . . - . ........ Minrriwe W . " " ' - i on, w iit f -. typr.i'r,xi'KNtK. - - - okkwn. DR. B. JOHNSON. Resident Dentist All wivrk wnrnuiinl w i the dbTj. k. lock p., Physician and Surgeon, Bmm VtU, Oregon. ATTORN EY8. GEO. A. SMITH, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Will practice In all rta and fl ml courts. Office over lutlitHUiiletiee N tioiinl Wank. Indsaandsnce, Oregon. jZTjMiy. J- fc1 M c- OIlUIBltU EIOI. ATTORNEYS AT LAW W Ha tr "tj Witrt h ib F!k until;. tWtU Wlnuftn iiimt.. g,,wf i,. ,n. Ni r.-nmi.lii r.iil tt Ivltd. iRltf. IU.MU i IW " HM. Oaltai, Orgon. A. M. HURLKY, Attorney and Counselor at Law. nmri 'tit lirwiuWiw Nl'l B. iulw(wniiii, lf. II. K. Hnnliam. QHA, I NCtBCJ ATTORNEYS AT LAW urruK im iu hm m ot k. BtwttHil '"Urt, it.um, OK o i'iimmorvii 11, MISCELIASKOl'S. . luirr mmt, stf m. Or. All klt.Ii of boll-lid" muni I."""' 1 1,1.1.1 in rHPXH ASWHAI.T MKATH Nn il rni.t a lVmitinivtl Mitwl. rxiilliil hillrii-r "I Klf in. VII luil M-tall Ulr In mik iniU "i ii 'iJ ku"ii, C. T. HENKIE, PROP. Main street, Independence, Or. Two xperiencud workmen in at tendance. BElIirS DHGANS Arv (It hml. Writ dFfw Luiit ir. iK- BANKS. Commenced Business March 4, 1889. EUiUbd by Nuttoiml Authority. -TUB- FIRST NATIONAL BANK. of Indrp'"''! Orrfon. Capital Stock, Surplus, $50,000.00 $14,000.00 i. H. COOPKU. 1 W. JtOIIKItTSIfS, rnmblent. VlcePrwIileiU W. H ItAWI.EV, fmiblrr. DIRECTORS. J. H. COoprf, I- Klrlfin, Iwl Holmlfk O. W. Wliluwkcr, W. W. CHlti. A iniritl bunk In. bunlnini triinwul! tliiyn mid Mllne.diBiiiio on 11 linpurlmit P"l'"!oIM rwelved iniltjiwt to rhm k or on ocr-tirli-Htiiaf iI'Ikm'I. r"Uii-llmtt'i. Utile hours . in. Ui i p. m. THE INDEPENDENCE National Bank ! Capital Stock, $50,000.00. II. HIItHCIIIlKliri, A lilt AM MMiS. W. I'. CONN AWAY J'nwldfnl. Vine Prenldi-nl. Ciwhlur. A KMicml Imnklnxand exclmnne tiiwlmn lr,.n,n l..il Iran. ,,llllll. Illllfl d illlllf (I, lt'l tnerrliilcri'dlUifriinlcil: di'vltii riwolvud on current amount aubjuet to , liiuret paid on time di!poiilt, DIltWTOIth. Jiwbua MisDanlul, H. H, Japron, A. J Uoodmnn, II. HlrnclibfrK, A. Netnon, T.J.l-ee. I, A. Allim, INCORPORATED UNDER THE LAWS OF OREGON MONMOUTH, OR. I. A, MACUI'M Prwldnt I.CAMI'UKI.I, .Vipe-rriia. 1UA 0. i'OWKLL, CuHhlur PAID CAPITAL, $25,000, DIRECTORS. J A Miwrnin, J. I,. I'iiinplll, I. M.HIinpann . U, V. JJutlur, J. H. Ktuinii, Y. H. Powell A KPiinrnl bankliiK nJ xcliunie IhihIiium lrmiBiu!tli loinn niiule; dniioMlm rimlv-d mibjMit U cbiick or on wrlllll,of dilt; InUiriMt paldon tlmndnpo""- , , , -Vrn proof vault and burglur jirwif mini, Hwiired by Vttlc time Ux. Office Moure: II a. in. t i p. m. Mitchell &Bohannon NUnuNctu-Ti o! SASH AND DOORS AMO WMOI.I MWINO. Main aiivot . liitliimtw Harness, Saddles, Whips, Oils, Robes, and Brushes. HALF-HOUR SERIES Huarrw ana uwaw n OZXAXI-X.S MOBBIQ. I'wfcm! la m;W, tim, mi VUIk. MAi.r n1R WITH TMR BUT III OHUI l AITIIOKM, four .hwwa. I !. It.nl. gill A.a, IUU (U . I Iko tn if, l I . Til. ..UrlMM ! ll' VfluMW9 90hrm HW tt tK. tNufeM vtlllM 4 t4 AiMvWan. Ilnlii, U.I tuiih,mu.MU. 1mm n4wtt.rilirt )w(tfiMt.l ftiwl tails, Mmf nr. lnuMH, MlMlt l KWUnkli.vll uiM, bill Wt IIMIMwtHnM, uxur iioi'ni wtrii acica IIIMTORr. Two ntnaww. Ci Im. Iloih fe Hutftalf, m. I hfw, rrltf . ;lf, A hk tiiutty labb Is Hinw wuk m nk Ul f.W IkMM 111 AWfh A hMttwy IH . ftlwW, PI w IIhim wbtt 4lr Hi l-.4 p b-tMwuU, wbjMtt It t. w ul n In iwlM.t ) l t al Ita U.i ihtflf w iu K h dmrlvllu Hi lb .UU. UcnU nu tfft.tilMl lp.nM fit talMlHisst AmiK. fg. ywtMg rtwku a MMt tun UuUl .ttrwilniMM, IliLIMIof H WITH TIIK BEAT AHi:HU-Af A IT MO. Cnlw In turn to Iiuim. I1k. ' . IUU fjilf, $ I uftr cil, i,a. Mr Muirt h rliiJ . lu amtM.nl ef In Mm, tt mnii rrn-l-r mu.f ihai. cr fa tun! mi tmM4 Mir mWr lim nlil Ik. c b Minted km Ulo.nr, lh I-'I Mlrtpl torn .rwtv Akm-i, n uiS- af n'l In liirtury, (wIT, rl. 6. n.i., .ml t-ft'ltMut-fiy r imipd Imt, Mi llwl lb rikr .a t..k up y em ol im Um tttumm rrni4 l luwiuni, n biil pru.uUili iw.riton.MM in trti , niMittri hi. SmhJi bq4. OMV. IV I fthly h .Jji. ut (wy .bunt tbMl, but ili m bill f tului mI wlul wluuiMa. H l.l'-lllrH-t WITH THE BUlT roatriux AiTiiome. torn vohHDM. Crown . IVlh, (ill top, ft- as. H.lf , mm. Thtrvarwn wlf, in li t ib only ciilWtkrii .(l--Uutf tti.l trvy ti rtwvrwli.tiv Mwisn rnrwOTrtli. biisil w.Mh. 11 oblM a way fn wrtwrnl n. i. Ur. ba r not t.t' t bfcfiw no.mir.l lih lh. qiuhitoa aad atyto ol lb. maatw at atHianl and madam wrtlara, and rab. rub th oval ilal)biiul attUitalwiMllt, ilaatwt M e bfuadal liiarary nilluta. V Fn aaU by alt rV.ik-IUra. or viS U last, boat paid. ra m.clut of iba urka, i. is. umxnm coPAit, I'uMl.hnra, ,i) ar.l 71 MU St , M,ib.l, lkla. From TEP.MINAL or I.NTKUIOU roiNTrt (ho R. R. la 1 be lino lo l?ke 73 ill Wi M aad U It Is the DINING-CAR ROUTE. ' It runs Through Vcstibulcd Trains Every Day In the Yenr to , ST. PAUL and CHICAGO (No lll'lVlB Of itllla) CoinpoHiMl of DINING OAKS tin- HiitpiWHi'd, riillnmn Drawing , IJooiti Hlci'iicrs of latest pqiliptlll'llt, TOURIST SLEEPING CARS, Ufwfc that can lo coiiHli uclntl, and In which accomiiiiMlaUoim are bot h frooaml fiu iilHhod for hohli'in of fifHtor Bi!C oti cliWH tiekctn, and . ELEG1NT DAY COACHES. 1 Continuous Line, Connecting with all Lines, a w. jt 1 x .... Jk I ..la.am.l Ait aUtrulflA Pullman m-i mt rnn.Tvul 1ui,h mn h nwMircU THROUGH TICKETS to nnrt from nil tu.1i.lu In A tnri. mi li'n(1nnii. Hlld i.'iiimik. f!iiti hii nurithiMf'tl rtt any tnkiit oHWki of ttilM niniiMiny. Kull InfominMon rwinl ..... ....... ..r IkiiIiim ftiiilji.. nt.il Atliiiriifi tuila, ruriillid on milli':llon to any ugiint, or A. D. CHARLTON, AmlHtitnt f iKnnnil I'lww.nirnr A mint, tin, Ul Klrat atroot, ir Wiwlilnulon, PORTLAND, OR. JAMES GIBSON, LOCAL AGENT Indapandanot, Oragon. Farmers and Merchants Insurance Co. Capital Stock. w, r. nAi, 1'm.tiiMtt. J, U I'rnvai, Trvaaura. (I, r, rXHrWW Vl Praldnt, M, Maxiialta, Awl MwroUry. Hun. It H, mrabnn, t'lilrf Jnaibw nt lb Hti.r.'mn Cmiri; Hun, jubn rtumnlt, ea'AaMrclntii JuMI.-iMif ilH.Hu,itvmtiuni Him, J. K, Wwiibnrmnl, Aiiiiriiu,ll Htiuiri Hun, i, L Ciiwmi, I'miitmu I Inn lmniy Nailmial lUnk: W. r. lira. I, Mwhanlj t). tHmww, t ilinll.t, M, Hlmilwra, MrliMit 4, (I, rllamn, Cmntullal; K r'litny, I'hf atvlaM, I'rt'mlum mHlta hIikh oiKnnliuittoii, mld kIiici orpittUittloit, , , Hurjihw im wnntrlty to iwllcy holdors, MM 1 M THE NEW Livery, Feed and Sale Stables, Y0UNQ HORSES. DOUBLE AMt SINGLE TEAMS. rtrat-ClaM TurnouU (ur Cornmorclal Trtvelam. I'riia reaaoaalla aad Ratlla Uon ttaianU4. Ut w a fall. K0RTII END MAIN BTREET, J. N. JONES, rora WATCHES. Elgin, Walthani, Scth Thomas, Swiss, or any movement desired, in gold or silver case, hunter or open face. CLOCKS. Our line includes every kind of )() hour and 8-day clocks. JEWELRY. Our stock is complete, and it will pay you to select your jewelry from it. SILVERWARE. Our stock of silverware is the finest in the county. We sell at a very small margin of profit. SPECTACLES. Of Spetaclcs we have a large stock, and can fit all kinds of eyes. MUSICAL GOODS.. We carry a line of Banjos, Guitars, Violins, etc., oi the finest quality. We also carry a large stock ol Lime, Plaster, Paints, Oils, and Glass. FINALLY, Our goods are the best and our prices the lowest. Call and examine our stock whether you buy or not. PATTERS OK BROS., DRUGGISTS, INDEPENDENCE, OR. Sclentlflo American Agency for OAVIATt, CntaiON ATINT 'fTTf COPVMIOHTB, ato. Fur Infirrmallori and fnw riandhoolj writ, lo MIINN A .. Mil lliioaiiWAV, New VoltK. Oklnat lniruau tor wwurlna pabuita in Amnrlrak. Cnrr imUiiI taa ut lit u. la limiiiilit Iwfur. til. vubllo hi a mitln. a.ren In. uf ubaois In Ui Ireiut rtrmilatlmi of anr antantlfln ir In th. worlil. riilaiiillillr llluairaiait. No Initiiliumii man ahiniid Im kIIImiuI It. Wrwlilr f ,'I.UII a Inari ll .'.l al iii.miIIi.. Ailitraaa jMtINN A 0o4 'UuLiauuw,WI Undr.r, Mo lurk. ,500,0001 IIKA'II'Y'H Orirnna tit Immnlna. Kor inrl loiilBra 11ml aiiiinvua nil draaa U.iiinl V. iliaitlr, Wnalilng- Urn, Nnw Jnrmiv. NOTICE. Tim tuuiril of ui'liiiiil (Hnit'tora of dln- trii;t No. Ifl) will hold tht-lr rwiltir riiwtlnifH lu tlio (llrtictor'ii rinmi or me i.,,l,,r.iuli.tmu "N11II111111I 1 111 11U at 4 o'clock p. in., l'Tiutiy, vwitnnsr a, onil on Friday at the a.imo hour of . . I. .... ... I . ., unl evi'ry roiir weekii tunrwuu'r. wkih'o, . I - . VI ... U itoitru l aJiruiiitim. EXECUTRIX' NOTICE. In rt mM of Wm, Juno, dtwt'iutod. NOTHIK l liomli.v Klvcn to nil whom It mny onnmrii Hint I have btwn iH,ilntoi1 hxhu. utri of llin Itutt will und tualiiimuit of Win. Jonna, liiln of anld mmntr, diwi'iiai'd, liy tin) ooiinlY Jrtilirn, ofaiild cimrl. All imrmina III didiliiil In anld iMliim, will pli'iwi- hiilIih 11 in 1 111 -ini'dliilfl pii.vllimil.Hlid pni'Mona holilliiKnliilina tlinni iiitiilnat will iiriiannl .tha .amnio inndiily vfirltliid at the hidnpi'ndnii Nutlotinl bHiik In nix month, from thl. dnl. HllNAM JllNKM, Kxflt'.utrlx. PAt,r,MlHjY,4r KAKIN. Ally., for KaUla. MRS. A. M. HURLEY, Millmery ; Fancy Goods Naxt to Ind.p.udenc. National Bank. InDHFENDEHCI, a a ObIQOM livsam $500,000. J, ft, Whithkaw. HMy. ami Mimr, K. A, MibaHK. l.'balilrr, . . . 2l3,S(tf.OO . (MJ.0H.1.8U . . . 24a,lKW.7 ::';bh:i!::,h;:: NEW BUGQIE3 GOOD RIDING HORSES. Jb a WOODBURN NURSERY LARGEST STOCK OF TREES III THE NORTHWEST. One anil Three-fourths Millions. 100,000 prune Treiw (mindly Fremili.) 85,(KX) Itoynl Ann chorry. 10,000 Eiirly Oriiwfora umoli. 10,0(10 Moorpnrk and ltoynl aprioot. 05,000 liaopui Hpilxeubortf nppla. 20,000 Ornven.ttiln npplo. 25,000 Yellow Nowton I'ippin apple. , 10,(KX) Bod Duvia apple. Lorijoat Stock of oil Other LondiiiR Yn rk'tloiof Fan it. Free From Insect Pests CATALOGUE FREE. ADDRE8S, J. H. Settlemier & Son, Wodburn, Or. Oppoalta Pattaraon'a Drug Stora.on Main atraat. 1.1. TlcKle The Eartb Wnk t Hm.IOW MMV'a IttDI aa4 nalur. will da lh. IM HaJ lal.lr dwaia ilia b.ill.y ulatit tha twat-fKMHV't, A bmdl fill! ul IttMraailu .lll itaidaaii aad Ual to ral ,.!., aant ll. In .11 b aak an iit Aab l Ja. D. M. FERRY' J DETROIT. CO.. Jf MICH. PATENTS Ottttnia and (t laatin. wwurnl, Tra.la Hark rntairnl, atnl all miiar iwlMil twtiaaai In Ota fuiwil lllMm.ui.1 Uol.iHi ilia t nulla lifoiuil)y ml rnrvlull, ,r'iit"d. I lni mwiiii id NiiaM m aidh of lnanlla, I Kuan rMiralul maiuliiai lull, and adtla. M In Mtntiwliilllii fiumif .'lmia. Man, ,4lua dina-lly aitnia. fmra h. rlal limrwa, arid atlatilliMl la airmail, twllnl iMlny utfl and bw atolillabad lai lllH li.f ma., lug .r..u.l btnltitiiiwri anmolina, ti Ilia nuait trtrfiirittia atwl .i.walu ofuraaiutlun of lld" miMtta (iir imli.nl. ami lur .ilauditit, l all liu.mrM Mitmalnl I" 't . I llrtal laamlliln lima. Ikj".'tl Mtaea a a"llll. bm Miaimata ami n lu.ua aii. iiti..n lvl) l liiil tiu.iiKa. Ibaib f liifi.riimtliiB ami aiirlra, and aiuailal rvlorviwiaa, .Mil without .bMa-ar,--.. 1L,my MaiHillii( aad Allunw in Nlaal 'an-., W aalilllaltrtl. II. I .. "i'ti Mrtilli.tl kU wfiawi OliiHtaita 0. H. I'alul Ulllpo. H. M. LINES, FUNERAL DIRECTOR UNDERTAKER, !.MK!i:XtKNCR, OKKOOS. mm A full a)4 omidnla Una ol Fuuoral ixU ailaaya on UaiiJ. Luth.or hmk Dtala In lfuniarts iUiM'iwwuit', tiuwun, atovrN, mhI ol Imt mlnwIlnnwiWH tir licit, call tlio tUduitiim of tin' jwlilie to hin fliicMiM'k f U? ttlwv iirtii lifi now on luiiiit. llin jirltfitwIU uitr fuvoralily with jirlfi in iiy oihiT liK-iilily. t'tiniii mitt wo tm hiuI you will I Riitinlloil with jirlt, ijunittity, ntnl quality. MONMOUTH, OR. Til. BOWMAN. 6UUIT1G OF 111 KINDS Naatly Oont, MACHINERY REPAIRING HORSE SHOEING A Specialty. Wood Workinpr and Car riage Painting Done in First-class order. C STREET. . INDEPENDENCE. J. M. BECKLEY, Livery and Sale Stables, Konmouth, Oregon. Havlnir iiiin'tinntHl tlio lutiTint of Ocorno ltotitliliy In tlio Monmouth Llvi ry nml Hnlu Htnlili'H, I aollt lt it fnlr almro of the piilnmnpj of the pulillo. I mil pn 'piinil t fwrnlKh utuxl tinuw ml vvlilrh nt aliurt iintkv, ilny or nlKht, ami nil tntimlt'iit tuiBttim will ro wive ihio alttnitltut. Heml In your or- ttom. One Dollar Weekly lluva n maid mill wnli-ll tlY our fllllt avuli'lll our ll.imrnt anlil.ltllr.1 niai ar.' wnrraiilnd A.r 'ill vimr Fun. l-Jallt or Wlltltllllll IllilVfl- mi'iit, ali'in wind ami H. Idy 'a or mml a ln. 1'iimil In any wiiU h, T awnm ititi'tila wlinm p himi until', wit ai'll oni ol thn liullllhll.ril"' Wllti'ln lur inri film iirii-r. w, nml wild ('.(, I. hy i.iri'aH Klih irlvllin ol oiiiiiliiiillnu iK'Hira imylmi fiir ihv aniiio. Our tia-Mit t iMirhiun, N, ('., wrlti': "tmr li'uilna luivn rinn'aid lhiy don't know how you tun riirnlah aui'li work fur the nioniiy," Our niti'iil at ltinlh Rirlnn, H. 0 wrlto "Voiir wnli'hua tnk til alilht. Th. anllllti. man who K"! Ilm hi't wnli'li anld Unit Im t. nmllipil unit pilnil a Ji'Halir'a wnli-hea 111 l.itncnati'r, t tint wiirii 110 ot'inrwrni yuuia, uiu Ihf prltn Wtteflu.' Our iibimiI nt IVntilmtloii, Tnxtia, wrlti! "Am In nwlpl of thp tviiti'h.Biid m tili'iiard wltlmiil iMfii-uri'. All who !'nnii'ii It any It would Im iilifiip ul iu." Oua good ri'lhililn kki'iiI wnuti'it for rm-h IHimhi. w ma iur imnii'iiiitr.. Kmi'iiih Watch Co., New York. MONMOUTH'S Hew SroGoryl W. J. MULKEY, Prop. SittiHfitolion Kiiarivnlootl In pritxis and jrooilH. Htoisk fiwh ami bought for tush. Fuir diutling and good barijitiiiH. t VREK DELIVERY at tlio hours ol 0 to H u. in. iiikI 3 to 5 p. in. PLEASE GIVE 1 1 CALL. llll. .fOHIMK A (TH GREAT MUSEUM OF ANATOKY 1051 Miirknt M .Nuti Fiaimlatn . I. .......... Ml I. . .1-4 -l 1B Co and learn how voiulcrfullj ,aW a .,., mm mm . n...l l,.u !,, ..., , iikncaa and dUcascs, Museum 'cnWreil wit Ii ihoiia.inil.of new olijeoti, Ailmlislim 3$ eta, 1'rlvatn Olllw, V 1 1 floury Nt. IllaiiH.ci nl mini: (Irldlurii, lima uf mniiliiniil,illiiiiiini.ii( thu Kin mill miimiy. nick ly onrod without th. u.i! oi imtrciiry. i ruiiiuitiiil uoriuUriity or Dy lultur. Bond tor book. ri.f". a.! IK t ink 'i rhatica Wlltmn IVala. j.ino. Hhar.la. Ulloart Muart. WASHINGTON buiui DARK DAYS INDEED. 0UTNUMDCRE0 BY FOES, CRITICISED BY FRIENDS AND YET RESOLUTE. rna Uia Ktaaaallaa ! liwlilya la tba H talari. High! a I ha Ralawara, Wart laftaa abad Many Taara, bo I Ker la.Hlra4. Afinr ilia Krai inlafiirtutMiof lila career tn the, lUiYolailon-tlie lt of Uruoklyn -Vrwlliurt"u MtablMlieil bia hmMlnnar- Inn .1 Kliiiralirtilira. but hut fore WM ao anmll Uwt he fouml tlia enemy cloa- ut in upou him mini every aula, wm- maa. Ihn be To to. luft Ul fat of the ti tn tha baniU of Wtwbinirton. and he ealtetl a council of war, at which It wm docliM that the evacuation of the city wee otvraumry. ami the morement waa tmirnn md a inntnoiit too aoon. On the re treat eorerul of the comiwnloe of troop were thrown Into a pnulo uyuiocao- annul, fnun lha ahltat of War. aill howeu" the moat ahameful cowantie Waahitiifttiq waa d'vuateil with thnn and alnuwt In diwipair, "Are theae the Dieu," be eiclaimwl vehemently, "with whom I am to dirfoud American Itowavvr. he eotm renaioeil hit cmiil The city waa finally auanilonetl to rap Idly that themtiatof the heavy cannon nil eoiwlilitrable amount of etore wore ten behind. It waa a terrible day-hot, eultry and oppremlve. The eonfualnu waa terrible and the iu(Turttig intouae. COIAKKI. IIRNMT UK. ' The army wm "enonmbered with women .ml rhlldmn totturlin along. moAutmr. crying, fiilnt. thiraty, exhausted nd in nuiitturuble woe." Colonel llnmphreya wrotei "I biwl frotinent opportunity that day of beholillng Wtwhington liimiliigorilere, enoonntinif the trooim, llyiii( on hia home eovoretl with foam wherever hl preeonoe waa moat necowiary, Without hie extraordinary exertion, the guard murit have been Inevitably lost, ami It U powilble the entire oorpe would have lieen cut lu pioooa." WiVBhliirfton iottled uiKin the upper part of Manhattan inland and eutob linluxl a fortilled camp. About a milo below him the Uritkh line began and extended until batiked by the Boot be low. Here he remained, HhtinK ev eral email battle with varying enoccsa, until it became clear to htm that thie poaitton waa no longer tenable, and he rotlred in good order with hl troopa to the mainland and fortified a camp on White Plains. Sevoral aklnnlshe took place, with the result of teaching tho British that they ehould iwe caution in approaching the American., of whom one officer wrotei "The rebol army U in 10 wretched a condition as to clothing ami aoeouter uenU that I believe no natiou over aaw inch a act of tatterdemalions. There aro few ooata among them but mien as are out at elbows, and In a whole regi ment there is scarce pair of breeches. Judge, tlion, how they niiint be ptnehod by a wlnUir'g camimign, We who are warmly clothed ami well equipped al ready feel It severely, for It is oven now much colder than 1 ever felt It in Eng land" . This wan In the latter part of October, and a battle had just taken place which lasted several hours with out any dociHive result except a loss of about 400 on each side. .Tndirlntr thnrofYiro. from thn differ- H O O' - 1 ence tn tho conditions of tho armies, it 1. nlnnr t int Wiwhtriirtnn was liv far the bettor Botierai, since under such fearful respect in a bomniuuder like Uei.ural -"" ' ffk rnldcmilfiot Ulllmi Ktuarl, "I llruti" trrMU-h pnlullnaV A3 HB WAS PAINTED UY VARIOUS ARTISTS. rum Akv ti, KM, imko pncitinea 14, Howe. The next morning after this battle Uowe withdrew, liiUnd of ail vanetng Hn Wadhint'tun. The latter then retired on the night of tha 81st to the rocky hills near Northcaalle and adain Intrenched hiuuwlf. but the prond Bi-HUa general had to curb liia pride and refrain from atUtklna this U'.U-r-demnlion army. At nildulght of the th of November, IIow oommencod withdrawing his forwa, as though In n'trwt, and aoon they dUpvired from White Plains, bot it waa with the Intention of attack ing Port Wanhington. and on the 13th be sent a snmuious to surrender, aocom patiied with a barbario threat Waitli tngton hastened to the behagueml fort reea, which he Kvtcbeil In tho cold gloom of a November evening, bnt hla utmost endeavors could not wiltuttwul the force of numbers, and Colonel Magaw was forced to capitulate. There were bnt 8,000 men. only I, DUO of whom could gut Into the fort, the rest being stationed at Die outputs Four eimultuncons at tacks were made and the assault was a eriea of complicated battles, some two miles and a half distant and some with in cannon shut. The redoubts were cap tured and the retrnnliiig troops so crowded the fort that the men could scarcely move about The UritUh could throw In a rain of shells and hulls and capitulation conld not be avoided. Washington stood upon an eminence near and saw the American flag fall and the UritUh Hug rise in its pi nee. It was at this occoniou that ho wept over the merciless slaughter of the youug aoldiers. Bofore this he had rticommondud, though not ordered, that the fort should be evacuated and the meu and stores be removed to a place of safety, but some of his more sanguine generals were confident that they could hold the place. Deep as was his grief, be did not reproach them Tlio cap tives, numbering 8.M8, were marched : off at night to the awful prison hulks of Now York, whore their fate was worse than that of thorn whaie blood had dyed the ground around Fort Washington. Waxhington now removed the most of his army across the Hudson into Now Jersey that he might seek refuge for them among the highlands, and Now York was abandoned to the enemy. KNKMIKM AND DKTIUCTOItS. It Is the fate of the eminent to arouse the eumity and jealousy of smaller minds, and Washington was by no mentis exempt. . He bad uo money, his soldiers were in need of everything;, ammunition was scarce and he was, ou the other hand, obliged to represent his force as far larger than It was to let the - belief exist that all his starving and freesing meu wore comfortably provided foriu winter quarters, so as to mislead the ennmy, and thus he was blamed for inactivity when to act would have been to expose his weakness and ruin his only hopes, which were to harass the enemy and perhaps manage to gain some decisive benefit by strategy, which he eventually d!4 lie kept a cold, Impassible nianner through it all, but that tho wound was deep was evinced by his Jotters to his brother Augustine and other during that sad period. DIFFICUI.TIKS AND DANGERS. When danger was tho greatest and difficulties the most formidable the power of Washington's gifts shone brightest, and out of what would have been owtwhehulng defeat to another he wrested success, Hampered and crip pled as bo was in "the Jerseys," with evory necessity a crying one, he man aged by his skill, courage und strong de- QE.NKitAL CORNWiXt.lS. iff 4tf p ii rhnrln Wlltmn IWa jninnHli.rnla. Noard termination to carry out plana that In their results were little let than mirac ulous, Lee had beeu taken prisoner In a ridic ulous manner and Fort Lee had been abandoned to Us fata as a corps of 6,000 of Cornwollis' bwt men bail mode their npin-omnce on the Jersey shore, and the soldiers from Fort Leo, about 1,000 la number, were at liockensack without Umts or b,srrre and greatly disheart ened. It was clear to Washington that the British were aiming at the capture of Philadelphia, and to prevent that disaa-t-r he gathered as many of bis suffering troops as poastble at Brunswick. And all this time there was a perpetual clamor of indignation aguinM bim on account of his continued retreat it would have been the act of a mad man to follow any other course then. There were, on tho other band, friend and others who appreciated the gran deur of Watshingtoo and understood his straggle, but the sntno motive that kept hitn silent kept them silent too, Washington, with his feeble, die heartened band, lingered In a state of fearful destitutiou at Brunswick until tho 1st of December. The enemy tn solid columns were marching proudly through the country with infantry, ar tillery aud cavalry, Impressing horsoa. wagons, sheep, cattle ana everything which could add to the comfort of hi warmly clad and well fed hosts. Irving says: "Tho people of New Jer sey beheld the commander in chief re treating through their country with ft handful of men, weary and way worn, dispirited, without touts, withont cloth ing, many of them barefooted, exposed to wintry weather, and driven from poet to post by a well chid, triumphant force, tricked out In all the glittering bravery of war, "The chill winds of winter were moan ing over the fields and Ice wo be ginning to clog the swollen streams. About 1,200 men were stationed at Princeton to watch tho movement of the enemy. On tho 2d this harassed army reachod Trenton. In that dark hour, when all hearts failed, Washing ton still remained undaunted, Uo wrote to General Mercer: Ve must retire to Augusta county, in Virginia. Number will repair to us for safety. We will try a predatory war. If overpowered wo must cross the Alleghaules.'" In these hours of despondency; and dismay Admiral Howe and his brothor, tlio general, on the 30th of November, Issued a proclamation offering pardon to all who would disband and return to their homos. Many of those who had property to lose complied with those terms. On the 8d of December the British reported that "Washington was seen retreating with two brigade to Trenton, where they talk of resisting. But such a panic has seised the rebel that uo part of the Jerseys will hold them, and 1 doubt whether Philadelphia Itself will stop their career. Congress has lost authority; they are in such con sternation that they know not what to io." ' And all this time Lee was loitering at Morristown with about 4,000 men, until the 12th, when, fortunately for the good of his country, he was captured and car ried to Brunswick. Washington combined in hie character to an astonishing degree courage and prudence, Is la doubtful whether there was another man on the continent who could have conducted his retreat through the Jorseys. With these few wretched, suffering, almost naked men he retreated more than a hnudred miles before a powerful foe flushed with victory and strengthened with abuudance. He bal ded ull their endeavors to cut him off, and preserved all his field pieces, ammu nition and nearly all his stores. There was a grandour in his achievements that far surpassed any ordiuory victory. At this juncture congress invested him with almost dictatorial authority, aud Gen eral Sullivan hastened to join him with Lee's destitute troops, Washington thon crossed the Dela ware, destroyed the bridges and seized all the boats for a distance of seventy miles up and down the river. These he either destroyed or placed under guard ou the west bank, Hore he stationed his army, with the broad river between him and his foes. He then hod about five or six thousand men. and here he u win tod events lu sileuce and somber irloom, yet always on the alert to seise Concluded on 1th page,.