Image provided by: Independence Public Library; Independence, OR
About The Independence west side. (Independence, Or.) 18??-1891 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 17, 1890)
THE WEST SIDE.
E. C, PEN HAND, Publisher.
FRIDAY, OCTOBER 17.J80.
TO OCB SOB8CBIBEBS.
The pink label on thit paper UU the
date to which your tubtcription is paid.
Pleate examine and tee that it it cor
rect. WUhin a few week we intend
tending out itatemenU and mkmg for
a renewal of tubtcription. Thetettate
mentt wilt be bated on the printed tag
on your paper each week.
E. C. PENTLAND,
"Caution" may b a represen
tative citizen of Polk county, but
we hope not We do not want to
die before Oregon amounts to any
thing. Life is too short to wait on
"mosBbacks" to let the state fill up.
We want company, and we are
willing to divide a good thing, par
ticularjy since half is better than
the whole. ,, .
, In Washington the man with
$10,000 in money and 110,000 in
property stand on equal footing
each paying the same. In Oregon
the man with 110,000 pays on 110,
000 and the man with $10,000 in
property pays on about $3000 and
deducts $3000 while the man with
money pays the tax for both. Nice
law that is and yet we hear it
said that there is not enough in
telligence in the Oregon legist
tare to repeal the law.
Some of our readers say that
without a usury law money would
bring fifteen per cent England
has no usury law, and yet money
can be had at 4 and 4 percent.
Washington has no usury law and
yet after the big fires there money
was loaned at 6 to 8 per cent and
yet small loans were worth one and
one-quarter per cent. In Wash
ington the poor man has a chance.
In Oregon none. As the interest on
small sums is low the security must
be first-class. The borrower alone
is the sufferer.
The farmers of Polk county it
seems to us, are virtually interested
in having the usury law repealed,
and having an assessment law
which will not make one class of
property pay all the burdens. As
a rule the farmers here are all out
of debt (the heaviest taxpayers in
the county are farmers) and if the
rate of taxes on their property were
one-half its present rate, under a
proper assessment, and they could
go to our banks and loan all the
money they pleased and be guran
teed six and seven per cent net
they would not be induced as now
to invest their money in Washing
ton or some other state.
Collecting taxes depends as much
upon the consent of the tax payer,
as upon real superiority of one
law over another, Oregon has a
law that if enforced could be made
quite operative. Did you ever hear
of a taxpayer being arrested for
perjuryt Do you ever hear of in
stances where rich men (known to
be rich) pay no taxes, and it is said
"they lied to the assesson" Who
ever investigates such things!
None. Whyt Because public
opinion would not sustain him
The law is generally cursed. Then
why not get a better one based on
the experience of other states!
Do you . think Mr. A. who lives
in Oregon is just the same man
when he returns his property to
the tax collector as being taxable
on a net sum of $600, and yet in
Washington he returns the same
amount of property and it appears
as $6000! We have in mind a $10,
000 building, mortgaged for $6000
and assessed at $4000, consequently
really a leading citizen seems to be
bankrupt In Washington his pro
nnrtv would aODear at $9000 or
$10,000; and if anyone were in
terested in knowing how much
he was in debt let them make in
quiries. The man in Washington
takes pride in paying a large tax.
In Oregon the man who does is to
"Progress" and "mossbackism"
in Oregon is at its teeth and toe
nails. The Biblesays"a little leaven
leaveneth the whole" and the batch
of bread in Oregon just now is
either going to come out leavened
with "progress" or"mossbackism,"
and if the next legislature is a
mossback legislature it will let the
present usury law,and indebtedness
clause in our assessment law re
main, and then the Oregon loaf of
bread will come out about as thick
and hard as a cracker, leavened
with "mossbackism." Let "pro
gress" get into that loaf of bread
and it will Bwell up like a sponge.
Some people say the hard solid loaf
of bread is the most heaitny. Aice
white roller flour outsells burr
flour, and a progressive state will
outgrow a mossbackisb state.
Down with the "mossbacks."
JUST WHAT WS WANT.
The last congress passed a bill
which we believe should prove of
practical value in the United States.
We refer to the bill to enable the
postmaster general to test at small
towns and villages the practic
ability of the free delivery system.
The move has been made several
times for reducing postage to one
cent for each letter. Before that is
done, our delivery system should
be improved. In Germany every
village postmaster is required to
deliver the letters from his office
within a certain distance. At the
present time the large cities have
these advantages only. Our govern
ment should extend it to the smaller
towns at least. Less time is wasted
when one man delivers the mail to
all the owners, than when many
owners of mail walk to the office
and call for it Uncle Sam should
save us steps. -
Do our readers suppose that a
law could be made operative which
said that every should sell his
wheat for just twenty cents a
bushel more than actual cost. The
effect would be than when wheat
costing forty cents a bushel was
really worth only sixty cents the
farmer would sell; and when it be
came worth seventy-five cents there
would be no wheat for sale; and if,
as our law does with money, it
were a crime to demand more, the
wheat would be shipped out of the
country. So it is with money. On
large gilt-edged loans the rate of
eight per cent is abundant, and
our bankers only wish they had
more such loans. But when it
comes to the man who wants to bor
row a hundred or so dollars, the
case is different The money len
der cannot ask more than ten per
cent and so he does not loan any
money, so that when it comes down
to the truth of the matter, the rich
man grows richer, because he can
use borrowed capital and the poor
man poorer because he has no bor
rowed money to deduct from his
property and hence pays double
taxes. Place the legal rate in Ore
gon at 6 per cent, and let contracts
be made at any rate.
Unless Oregon repeals the usury
law and gives us a decent assess
ment law, it will be only a few
years until the people of Oregon
will care less about their own state
than Washington. To day thous
ands and thousands of dollars are
invested by Oregonians in Wash
ington. If a crash is threatened
they will suffer as much as Wash
ington. Those who depreciate a
boom on account of the collapse
will not keep our Oregonians from
losing their money because they
have invested it in the "boomed"
country. When a man loans his
money he wants to see and helps
the borrower to prosper. Oregon
money is invested in Washington
and to-day Oregon capitalists are
"booming" Washington. Our
usury and tax law is to blame.
Money is cheaper and taxes lower
in Washington and yet they have
no "cinch" on capital. Suppose a
collapse comes in Washington, who
suffers! Mot Washington alone,
but Oregon also. Let us have laws
to bring back money into Oregon,
Lei the state progress.
Taking money from a people is
like taking the tools from the
workman. The farmer payshun
dreds of dollars for labor saving
machinery and as a consequence he
farms much more land at greater
ease for himself. When money is
easy in a state it makes business
prosper and the country grow. It
grows faster and wealth is accumu
luted. The present usury and tax
law drives money from the state
and consequently our progress is
slow. We see that our progress is
slow, and we lack faith in our own
state. If Oregon were Washington
it would not take six months to
interest capital in such a paying
investment as a railroad to Falls
City and Salem. Pour or five men
would give their individual notes
for a few thousand dollars, the rail
road would be started, and a mort-
gage could be given on every mile
at say 5 per cent per annum, and
all the money would thus be
secured, and the interest could be
paid from the earnings of the road.
But our laws in Oregon discourage
any such thing. Repeal such ob
VARIOUS OPINIONS ON TAX
AT10N. Mr. E. Uofer of the Salem Jour
nal, as a private citizen is not in
clined to express any opinion on
taxation as the writer learned while
in conversation with him a few
days ago. Mr. Tony Noltner, of
the Portland World, says he favors
a law giving precinct assessors and
no exemptions for indebtedness.
He favors the mortgage tax law. We
met ex-Governor Moody who said
the present law was a perfect farce
and was doing more harm than
good. In Portland we met Harvey
W. Scott, of the Oregonian, who
said that although no arguments
are being produced to show why
our present obnoxious laws should
be not repealed, he doubted very
much whether the next legislature
would do it That the mossback
element of Oregon is still in the
ascendant Mr. Scott talked
forcibly on the question and it is
evident that his recent visit to
Washington has caused him to
pronounce Oregon a hopeless case.
We met Mr. Frank Dekum, the
president of the Portland Savings
bank, and he said that be bad no;
hopes of seeing any new laws
passed. "If Portland makes a
move in the matter the whole rest of
the state "kicks." We have made
up our minds that we can stand it
if they can."
We met quite a number of per
sons who have studied this ques
tion and the universal opinion
seems to be "no exeinptiou for in
debtedness" "no usury law," and
why there is any doubts of what
our legislature will do, we are at a
loss to understand. The present
law is manifestly a failure. All
opinions unite on "no deducting of
indebtedness." That clause will
certainly be repealed. "Precinct
assessors" are popular. Let our
legislature pass a law providing for
precinct assessors; providing for
assessment of all the property irre
spective of ownership, providing
for no exemptions and even taxing
mortgages and all will be well. If
the people want to see good laws,
they should ask for them.
PUBLISH THE LAWS.
It is an acknowledged fact that
the great majority of the people
know but little of the laws of the
state in which they reside. Beyond
attorneys and a few professional
men whose business necessitates
knowledge of special points, it
may be said that ignorance of the
statutes is universal. For instance,
take the fence law. The ordinary
individual knows there is some law
regulating the style of fence and
that he is liable to loss he knows
not how much in case the stock of
another man is injured on his ille
gal, fence. Ho had no chance to
discuss the old law before it was
amended to its present form and
express his opinion as to what it
should be, knows not what it is
now, and never will know unless
he goes to an attorney or is
"cinched" by its provisions. This
is only one of many important
statutes, some of them oppressive
and some of them beneficial, of
which the ordinary individual is
ignorant. The people as a mass
have no , opportunity to form
opinions in regard to objectionable
statutes or sections thereof and by
recommendations to their represen
tatives have them properly amend
ed. They are informed as to the
privileges or restrictions set forth
in the statutes, and therefore have
no opinion as to whether they
should remain or be changed. The
ordinary person's information in
regard to the statutes is usually ac
quired after legal process is served
upon him and he has costs to pay,
While no steps are taken to make
generally known its existence and
tenor, ignorance is held .to be no
excuse for the violation of a statute,
This is absurd when a practical
and cheap method" is available for
overcoming such a condition. The
laws should be published in the
newspapers at the expense of the
state, and after every session of the
legislature all new statutes or
amendments are placed before the
people in the same manner. This
would result in the thorough
diffusion of accurate information
that every citizens should possess,
the repeal of useless or objection
able laws, amendment of imperfect
ones, enactment of new measures
for the public welfare, and in many
other ways would be a direct bene
fit to the people. It cannot be
urged against this idea that it is a
scheme for the newspapers to make
"a piece," as a rate for publication
could be made that would leave
but a small margin for profit.
There is not a newspaper in the
state that would not gladly publish
the statutes at the lowest living
rates; they could not afford to do
so without some compensation,
though statutes of especial interest
are now frequently published as'
news. Besides, the item of ex
pense would be more than saved in
the diminished number and cost of
prosecutions and in the decrease of
legal expenses generally. There
can be no serious objections to this
proposition. If carried out it will
bo of incalculable benefit to the
state as a whole, and to every indi
vidual it will be a source of satis
faction, in many cases actually
saving no small pecuniary losses.
This idea of enacting laws and
placing them out of range of the
poorer classes by publishing them
in book form only, and holdiug
them at prices which many can
not afford, is an injustice in itself,
but is doubly worse when those
whom it effects are called upon to
suffer for their ignorance. Then
let those who have power to
right this wrong do so, by placing
the laws on the tables of every
household through the medium of
the state press.
AN ANSWER TO "CAITION.'
Our crreepondent 'Cautiou" Is cer
tainly a a New Yorker sure enough.
It takes New York forever to build a
monument to Geu'L Oraut, aud New
Yorkers would probably be as lone In
building up the state of Oregon. . We
Intend in our discussion of this subject
to be impersonal and Insist on our cor
respondents being the same, else we
WOUiu dwell for few minutes on this
ample Sew IVker. "Caution" says
the present law Js all jjjht It keeps
people from going in debt, Aflouing
to his idea tb Declaration of Jqdepen- J
denoe of the United State was wrong I
because we then assumed added rwpou, I
ACORN. STOVES AND
The Latest Improved
Come and see our Car load Assortment of the ACORN Ranges and
GOODMAN & DOUTY, -
sibilities. No business can be done with
our fellow man without debt The
laborer works one day or one month
and he makes a debtor of his employer.
If the employer pay in advance then
the laborer becomes a debtor. And so
the world goes. Contracting proper
debts is not wrong. If added responsi
bilities bring added blessings it is pro
per to assume them. "Caution" says
the fault of our present assessment lies
with the assessor. Tht assessor is a
servant of the people, and the pressure
brought against him is so great that he
must follow precedent. Even If an
assessor does give in the true value as
was doue at. Astoria, the county court
will cut down the assessment. The
system is to blame. The system is based
on the law, therefore attack the law.
Qur correspondent deprecates
"booms" and says there Is a bound to
be a relapse. He reminds us of a man
who will starve his horse for fear if he
gets him fat he will be too frisky.
Just now Oregon is the starved horse,
and Washington is feeling frisky. We
notice that some of our most conserva
tive business and moneyed men are
investing largely in Washington. They
are Igoing to risk riding behind the
frisky horse. "Caution" thinks it
strange that his Chicago friend wants
to pay taxes on $9000 instead of nothing.
That is not the reason why "Chicago"
wants no indebtedness taken out It is
because he knows if he has borrowed
money on one-third value of his pro
perty only, and if his property were
assessed at near its true value he should
pay on at least f 9000 anyhow and just
such men as New Yorker, who are
holding land and loaning money (and
not paying taxes on the money) would
pay enough more to make the rate
lower, and besides he could borrow
money up to within almost the value
of his land in order to improve it, and
when improved his income would pay
Just such men as "Caution" are per
fectly satisfied to let our present law
remain, when they leave their monoy
in Washington, get their land taxed on
ten dollars an acre, afterwards sell it for
eighty dollars, and fight progress and
public sentiment. If Oregon really has
a majority of such citizens many are not
going to waste their time in the state,
but do what hundreds of people are
doing now, go to some other state.
The coming legislature will settle this
question. The legislature acts for the
In the issue of the West Side of last
week "A Card" over the signature of Y,
A. Williams and E. B. Lee appeared, to
which I wish to say that I sub
nutted ap artiole to the West Sidh for
publication containing the following
1st. My proposition of peace; to open
the ohurch building for both sides of tbe
controversy to preaoh in; that, if we can
agree, both sides worship together as
one congregation and the ministers of
both sides to be allowed to preach alter
nately; that one was required to give up
their private opinion in tbe esse; that the
pnyineut of salary, to whom, should be
optional with the members.
2d. That a large majority of tbe mem-
bers expressed themselves favorably in a
petition and otherwise that the cburoh
should be open to both sides of the con
troversy, and that two trustees out of
three favored it, and ordered the church
to be opened. Because of tbe length of
the article the editor proposed to make
an editorial of it, to which I oonsented
provided it contained my article in sub
stance, and it was from the above named
facts that he drew his caption "Peace
Restored," with only good intentions as
I verily believe, but it is misleading
siuoe a number did not consent, and
foreign to anything I desired to oonvey,
aud wnald not have oonsented to it had
I seen it before it was iD print Cer
tainly, aocording to the laws of the
Evangelical Association the ohurch is in
"charge" and control of the board of
trustees, and two against one declared
the church to be open for me to have my
regular servioe in, and not to te olased
against tbe other side,
I am not responsible for congregations
on my side of tbe oontrovessy who closed
the doors against miuisters on the other
side, I did not by force go into the
ohurch as charged, but the trustees took
off the lack which was put on without
authority. We challenge a contradiction
successfully. Rev. N. Shop.
Canals, u4 Tiade-alark obtained, lot til Fat
wt buslaeai conducted lot Mookati rus.
SSF ' Opfoit u.. patent orriec
ana wt on Mean patent fiwtwuuiwi
remote from Washington.
Send modal, drawing or photo., wlta descrip
tion. W adrtaa. If patenubla or not, trw of
charge, Oar fee not dot till patent la aeeamd,
avmamrr, " How to Obtain Patent," ita
names of actual clients la yum State, osaiity, x
town, ee&t tree. Addiaaa,
0m fATtaj prfKC, waomaaTe. b. C.
COOK AND HEATING STOVES.
. . -
Independence Roller Mills,
GEO. SKINNER, Proprietor.
These Mills, now building will begin operations about the first of
November, 1890, and will then be prepared to buy wheat or store for
use of farmers through the season.
Until the Elevator is completed wheat will be received at some
warehouse here, and flour in same will be delivered at the Mill door.
IS NOW AT PORTLAND, OREOON.
rOB THOSE WHO CANNOT POSSIBLY CALL PUB
SONILLT.HOHS TREATMENT PLACED WITH
IN TBI BEACH OF ALL THAT WILL tilYl
INSTANTANEOUS RELIEF AND A
The most speedy, oositive and perm
nent cure for Catarrh of the Head, Asthma,
and all Throat, Bronchial, Lung, Heart,
Stomach, Liver and Kidney Affections,
Nervous Debility, etc. Consumption, in
its various stages, permanently cured.
Dr. Aborn'S original mode of treatment
and his medicated inhalations gives in
stantaneous relief, builds up and revital
izes the whole constitution and system,
thereby prolonging life. Weak, nervous,
debilitated ana broken-down constitu
tions, old and young, invariably gain from
ten te thirty pounds in from thirty tc
Dr. Aborn'S phenomenal skill and mar
velous cures have created the greatest
astonishment on the Pacific Coast and
throughout the American continent, dur
ing the past twenty-five years. Asthma,
Catarrh of the Head, and all Throat, Bron
chial and Lung trouble 'nstantly relieved,
and Deafness often cured permanently at
first consultation. Dr. Aborn's essay on
the "Curability of Consumption," and a
treatise on ''Catarrh of the Head,"
with evidences of some extraordinary
cures, mailed free. Call or address
Fearth and Horrlaon 8ti., Portlsad, Oregea.
Nora. Home treatment, securely packed, teat by
ezpresi to all pans of the Paci6c Coast, for those who
caanot possibly call in person.
All INVITED TO CALL FOR FREE CONSULTATION.
Never wants for Customers because
-His Trade is large.-
J. I). IRVINE
Never needs money, when his cus
tomers come in and pay their bills.
In his Store, you will find a hrge
Which is Sold at :
Have no Equal
Cok Stoves, also Heeting and Box
J. R. COOPER,
Of Independence, having a steam
engine, a brick machine and several
acres of finest clay, is now prepared
to keep on hand a fine quality of
Brick, which will be sold at reason
You Want to Buy
GLASS WAEE and CROCKERY
Rock Bottom Prices for Cash
or PRODUCE go to ,
Hyde & Dak,
the Wreckers of. High Prices in
Main St., Independence.
O. A. KRAMER.
When you want any watch re
pairing call on the original at the
drug store of liuster Locke.
So said Bui
Novelists, and he
never fl note more
trulv. and hf mio-hl
have mttA with Mn.l mm
is the essence of success. Wisdom's
Robertine is the synonym of merit, and
its history is success. The magical ef
fect of this preparation have been attest
ed by thousands of the leading ladies of
society and the Stage. It is the only arti
cle ever discovered which give a NttMr
and Beautiful tint to the complexion,
at the same time removing all roughness
of the face and arms and leaving the
skin soft, smooth and velvety. It Jim
long been the study of chemists to pro
duce an article that white if miM JU-
tify the complexion would also have the
. 1 . im
imoortaiit aualftiM trm lHt..
together until combined in
W. E DALTON,
COMMISSION - MERCHANT.
Office with Hyde 4 Dalton, Independence,
Will pay CASH tor all kind, of gantry
Produce. Wheat and Oats Specialty.
; TIME TABLE.
ladepmdeaea and Monmouth Motar Line
DO XT BEAD THIS,
XinofT V nrntrooon 'Xinnoo noi
Is a reasonable proposition to Sensible People. You know it is possibl
for us to do this. We promise it in good faith. It moans for yon
The best at Lowest Prices in
-BOOTS and SHOES-
For Ladies, Gents and children's wear, our Stock abounds in
:l j t .u) vnroitiM. Onalitv the best in everything we
offer this Season. The lowest prices and the best bargains offered in
-Hi D. WaHer,
Main St., Independence.'
Is well Stocked with Seasonable Goods
and will be replenished to suit the times.
Their facilities for doing business are
equal to any House in the Valley and
their prices are always right.
Their reputation for keeping good
Goods together with the courtesy extend
ed to their customers insures them the
Liberal Patronage they are receiving, and
for which they are thankful.
Shelly & Vandayn,
INDEPENDENCE, - OREGON.
The Public is Most Cordially Invited to Call and Price Our Lateet
Selected Stock of Writing Papers, Tablets, Pens, Ink,
Rulers, etc., also All the School Books in
Use in the Public Schools.
Best Couch Medicine.
Curea where all else fails.
wiaiw. vuuunmwuenwnnoui objection. By druggists.
THEY ALL SAY
(and it li true) that you can get at
CU. H- CUheelep's Stofc,
THI BEST SELECTED STOCK OF
STATIONERY AND SCHOOL SUPPLIES
Candies, Cigars, Notions, Arctic
amoicers Articles, uuuery, Mird Uages and Bird Seed, '
Fishing Tackle, Base Ball Goods, Toys, Wagons,
Pianos and Organs, Sewing Machines and Extras, etc.
MAIN STREET, - INDEPENDENCE, ORE.
Sash, Door and Manufacturing Co.
Having in ftill operation a gturtevan Dry Kiln and several thousand dollars worth of new
machinery, we are now prepared to nil any and all orders for mill work. Orders solicited
from any part of the valley, which will receive prompt attention. To our local customers we
wish to saj that we will have constantly on hand all the latest desiena in nut irH t .
attention well be given and prices as low aa consistent with good work. '
-Offlce, corner Trade and High streets, Salem; P. 0. box No. 359.
BEAMER & CRAVEN,
All kinds of Harness and Saddlery
Goods. Carriage Tritning and
Curry Combs, three bars, 5 cents.
Brashes, 10 cents.
Complete set of Team Harness,
FAIR FIGURES I
ffannmmnnHarl w Phinima
Pleasant and agreeable to the
Soda, Fruits, (in season)
Ladies and Cents Fur
Most Complete Stock of
Boots and Shoes
In the City