Capital press. (Salem, OR) 19??-current, October 09, 2015, Page 5, Image 5

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    October 9, 2015
CapitalPress.com
CPoW drops out of
wolf advisory group,
wants it abolished
By DAN WHEAT
Capital Press
ELLENSBURG, Wash. —
The Cattle Producers of Wash-
ington has withdrawn from the
state’s wolf advisory group,
calling it “inept and pointless”
and saying it has prevented any
action by the state Department
of Fish and Wildlife in dealing
with wolves that kill livestock.
The department should
abolish the advisory group
— known by the acronym
WAG — courageously take on
wolf management that’s fair
to communities impacted by
wolves and should not “stand
idle as livestock operations
that are vital to rural commu-
nities perish under inadequate
public policy,” said Monte
McPeak, CPoW president, in
a letter dated Sept. 10 that was
sent to the Fish and Wildlife
Commission and department
director Jim Unsworth.
“WAG has consistently
prevented any real action by
WDFW, creating dire circum-
stances for the ranch families
and communities that have
been negatively impacted” by
wolves, McPeak wrote. Con-
tinuing to participate in WAG
would work in opposition to
CPoW’s mission of sustain-
ing, improving and protecting
the state’s cattle industry, he
wrote.
WAG meetings often con-
sist of theoretical discussions
while ignoring data and wolf
management tools in other
states, he said in the letter.
WDFW uses WAG to delay
action as it waits for “some
kind of unattainable consensus
from WAG,” and WAG refus-
es to seriously discuss lethal
removal, he wrote.
A majority of WAG mem-
bers always want one more
depredation before removing
wolves and CPoW has no de-
sire to work with a facilitator
who closes WAG meetings to
the public, creating “a secret
and obscure environment to
discuss an issue of high public
importance,” McPeak wrote.
WDFW spent $76,000
to remove the Wedge wolf
pack in 2012 but is spending
$850,000 on the WAG facil-
itator for two years, the letter
says.
In two days of WAG meet-
ings in Ellensburg, Sept. 30
and Oct. 1, there was no direct
public mention of CPoW’s
withdrawal. WAG facilitator,
Francine Madden, said she al-
luded to it but not by name.
“I want us to be respectful
of that (CPoW’s) decision but
remain open to engagement,”
she said later. “If there is any
way we can be supportive of
their community, then I would
do that. The door is open to
re-engagement at any time and
in any form.”
She said the $850,000 for
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organization, Human-Wild-
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Washington, D.C., and not di-
rectly to her. She said she had
seen CPoW’s letter but had no
comment on it.
Donny Martorello, WDFW
wolf policy coordinator,
said it’s unfortunate CPoW
dropped out, that he valued the
organization as a stakeholder
and appreciates its reasons.
“We’re not delaying any
management action based
on WAG,” Martorello said.
“WAG is looking for cohesion
on controversial parts of our
protocol but that doesn’t pause
any management of wolves.”
Jack Field, executive vice
president of Washington Cat-
tlemen’s Association who is on
WAG and has expressed frus-
tration with its slowness, said
he respects CPoW’s decision
but that his board decided to
stay at the table.
“I’m glad we did because
yesterday afternoon (Oct. 1),
ZH ¿QDOO\ ³TXLW ZULWLQJ FRQ-
ceptual thoughts on butcher
paper and went line-by-line
through a checklist of non-le-
thal actions. That was huge. If
we come into the next meeting
with the same focus we will
do a lot of good things,” Field
said.
5
Hemp grower encouraged by
cross-pollination experiment
Cross-pollination with
marijuana poses
controversy for new crop
By MATEUSZ PERKOWSKI
Capital Press
For Oregon hemp grower
Jerry Norton, the recent har-
vest season has been success-
ful in more than one way.
Apart from producing a
healthy stand of the crop in a
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is pleased with an experiment
on cross-pollination between
hemp and its psychoactive rel-
ative: marijuana.
The potential for cross-pol-
lination between hemp and
marijuana was a major point
of contention between grow-
ers of the two crops in 2015,
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decades that hemp was legally
grown in the state.
“There’s a phobia with
the cross-pollination,” Norton
said.
Marijuana growers fear
hemp pollen because they
want to avoid the formation of
seeds in their crop, which de-
creases the quality and volume
RISV\FKRDFWLYHÀRZHUV
As part of his experiment,
Norton grew numerous hemp
plants in a greenhouse that also
contained several marijuana
plants. In Oregon, recreational
use of the psychoactive crop
became legal this year and its
medical cultivation has been
legal since the late 1990s.
Despite their close proxim-
ity to male hemp plants, Nor-
ton’s female marijuana plants
developed a minimal number
of seeds.
“We’ve been successful
with them not cross-pollinat-
ing,” said Norton.
The dearth of seeds found
in the marijuana makes him
optimistic that hemp and mar-
LMXDQDJURZHUVZLOO¿QGDZD\
to coexist in Oregon, similar-
ly to specialty seed producers
who use a mapping system to
avoid cross-pollination.
“We want it to be like to-
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matoes or any other commod-
ity,” he said.
Pollen from marijuana and
hemp has been known to trav-
el more than 7 miles, and the
plants can be pollinated by
KRQH\EHHV WKDW À\ DERXW
miles from their hives, accord-
ing to legislative testimony
submitted by Russ Karow, an
Oregon State University crop
and soil science professor.
However, some crops that
can technically cross-polli-
nate — such as goatgrass and
wheat — will actually produce
few seeds, said Carol Mallo-
ry-Smith, an OSU weed scien-
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While Mallory-Smith has
not studied hemp and mari-
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possible that genetic variations
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times may be responsible for
the low seed numbers seen by
Norton.
“There are a lot of biolog-
ical and physical reasons that
plants may not hybridize and
produce seed,” she said.
Figuring out which vari-
eties of marijuana and hemp
are unlikely to cross-pollinate
will require more research to
be useful for growers, said
Norton.
“We don’t know which can
coexist with other ones,” he
said.
The issue generated con-
troversy during Oregon’s
2015 legislative session, with
a bill that would restrict hemp
production passing the House
but failing in the Senate.
Hemp production in Ore-
gon has turned out much dif-
ferently this year than what
legislators envisioned when
they legalized the crop in
2009, said Lindsay Eng, di-
rector of market access and
FHUWL¿FDWLRQ SURJUDPV IRU
the Oregon Department of
Agriculture. The crop was le-
galized several years ago but
ODA only began issuing per-
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production rules.
While lawmakers expect-
ed the crop to be grown on
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and seed, Oregon growers are
more inclined to produce it on
a small scale for cannabidiol,
or CBD, a compound that’s
thought to have medical uses.
The law requires hemp
JURZHUV WR SURGXFH ¿HOGV RI
the crop that are 2.5 acres,
but it does not set a mandat-
ed seeding rate, Eng said. “It
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density, so you could conceiv-
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2.5 acres.”
The ODA is revising its
hemp rules and the legislature
may revisit the hemp statute in
2016, she said.
Growers have focused on
CBD because it’s more eco-
nomically viable than compet-
ing with large hemp farmers in
Canada, Eastern Europe and
China, Eng said. “On those
industrial-type commodities,
you tend to see pretty big acre-
age.”
Norton said he’s growing
hemp for CBD but he also
expects that the crop stems to
be processed and sold as live-
stock bedding. The stalks can
also be chopped up and mixed
with lime to make “hemp-
crete,” a type of lightweight
insulation.
“I think it’s going to be the
next thing in building materi-
als,” he said.
Dan Wheat/Capital Press
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Wolf panel discusses
‘wolf-friendly beef’
By DAN WHEAT
The state Department of Fish
and Wildlife killed the pack’s
ELLENSBURG, Wash. — breeding female but dropped
The state’s wolf advisory group plans to kill three more wolves
continued discussing how to in the pack after Dave Dashiell
help one of its rancher members removed the sheep. WDFW also
who lost more than 300 sheep to compensated Dashiell for 30 to
wolves last year.
VKHHSLWFRQ¿UPHGDVNLOOHG
The group also talked, during by wolves.
a Sept. 30 meeting at Central
Hancock Timber Resource
Washington University, about Group offered Dave Dashiell
a “wolf-friendly beef” label for land unsuitable for grazing but
meat from cattle raised follow- didn’t want his sheep back on
ing wolf protection measures.
the land it leased to Dashiell
In its Sept. 3 meeting in where the slaughter occurred be-
Tumwater, the group reached cause it was a “public relations
a tentative agreement to help nightmare for Hancock,” Don
rancher member, Dave Dashiell Dashiell told Capital Press prior
of Hunter, who estimates he lost to the meeting.
more than 300 sheep in July
During the meeting, the
2014 to the Huckleberry wolf group discussed trying to help
pack in northeastern Washing- 'DYH 'DVKLHOO ¿QG VXLWDEOH
ton.
grazing land, hazing methods on
Dashiell was not at the Sept. wolves and what should be on a
30 meeting in Ellensburg, but checklist of actions prior to kill-
his brother, Stevens County ing wolves.
Commissioner Don Dashiell,
Paula Swedeen, carnivore
was. He also is a rancher. Don policy lead in Olympia for Con-
Dashiell said the sheep were servation Northwest, suggested
worth about $200 apiece, more helping ranchers by having a
than $60,000 total.
label for “wolf-friendly beef”
8QDEOHWR¿QGVXLWDEOHJUD]- from cattle raised with WDFW
ing land this year, Dave Dashiell wolf protection measures. Dan
PRYHG KLV ÀRFN WR D SDVWXUH Paul, state director of The Hu-
north of Pasco where he’s spent mane Society of the United
$10,000 per month on hay. Don States, said as with cage-free
Dashiell called it an emergency eggs, some consumers would
short-term option that will put be willing to pay more for beef
his brother out of business in the raised with wolf protection mea-
sures.
long term.
Capital Press
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