La Grande evening observer. (La Grande, Or.) 1904-1959, August 31, 1910, Image 1

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ii yc i i. in i n i f
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Memory of John Brown Honored In
Osawatomlc Today With Fitting
Speech by Roosevelt Wbo Also
Babbles with Conservation and Tor
lioration Subjects Gives Praise lo
Lincoln and John Brown.
Osawattomlo, : ' Aus. 31 Colonel
Roosevelt today lewed the Bcenes
where the martyred John Brown
fought The Colonel was met at Os
age City by Governor Stubbs and his
.staff, and escorted here, where Con
gressmen Murdock, Madison, White,
and other insurgents greeted him.
Roosevelt was taken to Brown's cab
In and later to the field where the
Kansas abolitionist, with a bandful of
men withstood the pro-slavery foes.
Twenty-five thousand accompanied
Roosevelt to the battlefield where he
dedicated Memorial Park. The pro
gram tonight, includes a banquet by
Congressman Stubbs at Lawrence.
ThA fnlnnAl aula In nart' .'
jTenav been two great crlstis
'An oar country's history; first when it
wa formed, and then again when it
was perpetuated. The formative per
iod included not merely the Revolu
tionary War, but the creation and
adoption of the Constitution and thg
first dozen years of work under it.
Then came sixty years during which
-we spread across the continent years
of vital growth, but of growth without
rather than growth within. Then came
the time of stress and strain, which
culminated in the Civil war, the per
iod of terrible struggle upon the issue
rf s-hich depended the Justification of
:afl that we had done earlier, and
which marked the second great period
wf growth and development within.
The name of John Brown will be for
ever associated with this second per
iod of the nation's history; and Kan
sas was the theater upon which the
first act of the second of our great
national life dramas was played. It
,S7s the result Of the struggle in Kan
sas wbkh determined that Cur oun
'try sTiould be ia deed as well as in
name, devoted to both union and free-
dom. that Ihe great experiment of
iStonoeratjc government oil a National
scale should succeed and not fail. It
was an heroic struggle; and, as is
inevitable with all such struggles, It
bad also a dark and terrible side
Very much was done of good, and
much also of evil; and, as was Inevi
table with all such struggles, it had
also a dark and terrible side. Very
much was done of good, and much al
so of evil; and, as was inevitable ii
such a period of revolution, often the
same man did both good and evil. For
onr great good fortune as a Nation we
the people of the United States, as. a
whole, can now afford to forget the
vil or at least, to remember it with
cur bitterness and to fill our eyes with
pride, on the good that was accom
plished. Even in ordinary times
there are very few of us who do not
see the problems of life as through a
glass, darkly; and when the glass Is
clouded by the murk of furious popu
lar passion, the vision of the best and
bravest is dimmed. Looking back, we
are all of us now able to do justice
to the valor and disinterestedness and
the love of the right, as to each it was
Mven to see the right, shown both by
the men of the North, and the men of
the South, in that contest which was
finally decided by the attitude of the!
West. We can admire the heroic val-'
. the sincerity, the self-devotion
shown alike by the men who wore the
blue and the men who wore the gray;
our sadness that such men should
have had to fight one another, is tem-
I " O - a.w iugu LilUL ( 1 CI
hereafter their descendants 6hall be
found fighting side by side, struggling
In peace as well as In war for the up
lift of their common country; all alike
resolute to raise the highest pitch of
honor and usefulness the' nation to
which they belong. As for the veterans
of the Grand Army of the Republic,
they deserve honor, and recognition,
such as' is paid to no other citizen of
the Republic; for to them the Republic
owes Its all. for to them It owes its
very existence.
"I do not speak of this struggle of
the past merely from the historic
standpoint. Our Interest Is primarily
in the application today of the lessons
taught by the contest of half a cen
tury ago. It is of iittle use for us tfl
pay lip royalty to the mighty men of
the past unless we sincerely endeavor
to apply to the problems of the present
precisely the qualities which In other
crises enabled the men of that day to
iuccl utone crises, u is naii 'melan
choly and half amusing to see the way
in which well-meaning people gather
to do honor to the men who, in com
pany with John Brown, and under the'
lead of Abraham Lincoln, faced and
solved the great problems of the nine
teenth century, while at the same time
these same good people nmiisly
shrink from or frantically denounce
those who are trying to meet the prob
lems of the twentieth century In the
spirit which was accountable for the
successful solution of the .problems of
Lincoln's time. k "
Of that generation of men, to whom
we owe so much, the man to whom
we owe the most Is, of course, Lin
coin. Part of our debt to him is be-
I cause he forecast our present strug
gle and Baw the wa yout . . -.,
"everyAws struggle for human
betterment one of the main objects,
and often the only object, has been to
achieve in larger measure equality
of opportunity. In the struggle for
this great end. nations, rise from bar
barism to civilization, and through it,
peoples press forward from one stage
&f enlightenment to the ti"ex."0n of
the chief factors in progress Is the
destruction of special privilege. The
essence of any struggle for healthy
liberty has always been and must al
ways be, to take from some on man
or class of men, the right to enjoy
power, or wealth, or position, or Im
munity, which has not been earned by
service to his or their fellows. .
"At many stages in the advance of
humanity this conflict between the
men who possess more than they have
earned, and the men who have earned
more than they possess, is the central
condition of progress. In our day, It
appears as the struggle of free men
to gain and hold the right of self-government
as against the special inter
ests, who twist the methods of free
government into machinery for defeat
ing the popular will. At every stage
and under all circum'stanees the es
sence of the struggle is to equalize
opportunity, destroy privilege, and
give to the life and citizenship of ev
ery individual the highest posiblo Vil
ue both to himself ana to the com
monwealth "Pactlcal equality of opportunity for
all citizens, when we achieve It. will
have two great results. First, every
man will have a fair chance lo make
of himself all that, In him lies, to
reach the highest point to which his
capacities, unassisted by special privi
leges of his own and unhampered by
the special privileges of others, can
carry him, and to get for himself and
his family substantially what he has
earned. Second, equalfty of opportun
ity means that the commonwealth will
get from every citizen the highest
service of which he is capable. No
man who carries the , burden of the
special privileges of another can give
to" the comomnwealth that service to
which it is fairly submitted.
"I stand for the square deal. But
when I say that I am for the square
deal I mean not merely that I stand
for fair play under the present rules
of the game, but that I stand for hav
ing those rules changed so as to work
for a more substantial equality of, op
portunity, and of reward" for equally
good sen ice.
"This means that our governments.
(Continued on page .)
Premier of Canada Promise to .lime
His Government Survey the Pro
posed Route to Ascertain the Costs
Wonld be of Immense Benefit to
the Inland Empire Would . Give
. River Line from Sea to Robson.
Portland, Aug. 31. Open river pro
moters are much encouraged by the
report that Sir Wilfred Laurier,
premier of Canada, yesterday met the
Oregon and Washington Columbia riv
er delegation at Nelson and said he
favored the scheme of making the Co
lumbia navigable to Robson. B. C.
Laurier said he would immediately in
struct, the minister of public works
to survey the river from Lake Wlnde
mere to the International boundary,
with a view of ascertaining the most
o? the improvements. '
Wg Aid to Inland Empire.
; Should Canada Join with the. Uni
ted States, it is believed the river will
be open to navigation from the sea
to Robson, and when completed above
The Dalles, would immensely benefit
the inland empire. It is asserted.
- . - V- fl
Friends of Suffering Collecting Ar.
tides of Value to Distribute
..Portland,. Aug. 31. A campaign to
raise $5000 for relief of fprest fire suf
ferers in Idaho. Washington. Mon
tana and Oregon, was , inaugurated
here today by the chamber of com
merce. People are invited to contrl
bute. About half the money will be
expended for sufferers In Southern
Washington, and others within a rad
ius of 100 miles. . -
Miss I Prlchard Is likewise collect
Ing provisions and, blankets for suf
ferers. A large number of cases of
destitution are reported.
Tat Congratulates Willielinina. ..
; The Hague, Aug. 31. Messages of
congratulation from rulers of many
nations, including a cablegram of feli
citation from President Tart, reached
Queen Wilhelmina today and served to
gladden her thirtieth birthday. The
beautiful young Queen of The Nether
lands, always popular with her sub
jects, has become almost an object of
worship since she gave birth to heir
to the throne and thus saved Holland
from being swallowed up, by the Ger
man Empire. No business of Import
ance was transacted today in "this v
other cities of the kingdom and a uni
versal holiday, with parade, military
reviews and sports, was celebrated.
Walsh to Fight Britt.
Baltimore, Md.. Aug. . 31. Jimmv
Walsh, the Boston bantam, and Young
Britt, of this city, are matched to box
six rounds tonight before the Eureka
Athletic club. This will be Walsh's
.first fight since he met Pal Moore..
Returns Coming in Early' this Mom.
Ing Show Brady Is Loading Repub
licans and Will Likely be Nomina
ted Insurgents Claim to HaTe Won
French the Congressional Nomina
tlon Bowen Leading Over Seivelie
for Coiiffress.
: Boise, Aug. 31. Returns from the
Idaho primaries up to this morning
Indicate that . Governor Brady will
secure the republican" gubernatorial
nomination and that James Hawley
will be the next democratic candidate
for the governorship. '
The Insurgents are claiming a vic
tory with Burton French, the con
gressional candidate over Thomas Ha
mer, the present congressman,, who Is
a stand-patter.
French is running ahead In northern
Idaho, and Hamer is strongly support
ed In southwestern Idaho.
Arthur Bowen is leading over John
Sewelle for the democratic nomina
tion, and ft looks like Idaho will re
main wet. " '
Insurgents and regulars, admit that
French, the progreaalve. has beateo
Congressman Hamer for the congres
sional nomination.
Benson's Political Enemies Said to Ilrt
Responsible for Reports.
.. - ... . T T w -r -tr w w
A Mrs. George Carpy of La A
Grande this morningreceived a A
leuer rroni Mrs. F. w. Benson A
O saying that the governor Is Im- A
A proving rapidly and that he A
A will remain in California for a
A short time yet to perfect his A
A health. Admitting that he was A
A quite Jll at one time, govern- A
A or's wife now affirms that he A
A eats well and Is showing all the
A signs of rapid recovery. . It is A
A uncertain Just when the gov-
A ernor will return to Salem. : A
Salem, Oregon, Aug. 31. Special.
Friends of Governor F. W. Benson em
phatically deny that there Is any truth
In the report that he Is dangerously
ill at San Francisco, and will never be
able to resume Is official duties in
Oregon. These reports have been cir
culated broad-cast over the state by
Benson's political enemies, but accord
ing to the statement of his friends.
they are altogether false, and without
Dr. R. E. Lee Steiner, superintend
ent of the Oregon State Insane Asylum
who recently returned from a visit to
San Francisco, reports that the gov
ernor Is very much Improved In health
and will be able to rpsume his official
duties some time next month; he has
been undergoing a course of medical
treatment which has covered a period
of several months, but the affliction
from which he has been suffering Is
not cancerous In his nature, and Is not j
necessailly fatal.
Governor Benson will continue to be
a candidate for renomlnation and elec
tion as Secretary of State, although
he will not be present to participate
In the primary campaign,, but expects
to do some active work before the
November election; he Is relying sole
ly upon Is record as a republican and
a public official. . "
The recent republican state assem
bly, consisting of 1209 delegates, un
animously recommended Governor
Benson for re-nomlnatlon as isecre
tary of state.
Race Suicide in Kansas.
Topeka, Kan., Aug. 31 With wha?
glad acclaim and joyous elect . did
the people of Kansas welcome Theo
dore Roosevelt to this their fair state
today. The pride of a pervading pros
perity was reflected In the smiling vis
ages of thousands who gathered at Os
BRwatomfe today to hear the praise
of the immortal John Brown from the
lipB of one greater than even the
Kansas hero whose soul goes march
ing on. The former president was not
left in lirnnrnnp ot th Vma "m
tng" state of its broad fields of wav
ing wheat, worth the ransom of a
thousand kings; of its cattle on a
hundred hills; of Its great factories,
its mines and mflls, Its bumper corn
and oats cropof all these was he
told. Even the activities of the helpful
hen came la for a meed of praise.
Yet there waa one subject on which
the eulogists of the Sunflower Btate
were silent silent as the grave. There
was one topic which they avoided,
Klde-stepped and tabooed. Regarding
the baby crop of Kansas, not one word
was said.
Every effort was made to keep the
truth from Mr. Rooaevelt, but the hor
rid fact la that 4rtng the last few
years of what the Kansas boomers
call "unexampled prosperity" the baby
crop has been ateadily declining. In
1907, there were 25,990 born within the
bordera of the state. The following
year showed decrease of 2,130 from
the preceding "year. , '
Several reasons have been given for
this. lamentable condition, of affairs.
The moHtMikely is that Kansas wo,
men, in their times of prosperity,
are kept so busy with their automo
biles, their special functions and their
Clubs, that they really haven't time to
spare for babies.
Fifty Years a Teacher. '
Boston, Aug. 31. After fifty years
of active service in teaching the
young an idea of how to shoot, Prof
samuel Thurber will begin a well-
earned rest. Mr. Thurber, who has
been master in the. English depart
ment of the Girls' High school since
1881, has retired on a pension by the
city today. ' A . ,
The aged pedagogue Wan bom ill
Providence In 1837 and graduated
from Brown University in 1858. He
became principal of the classic de
partment of the Providence High
school the same year, and since then,
except for a period of service in the
Union army during the Civil war, he
has been actively engaged In teaching.
Prof. Thurber, In speaking of his ex
periences, said that girls were more
honest and Industrious than boys, and
needed less watching, but that a"
teacher could arouse more Intellectual
enthusiasm among boy students. Boys,
he said, responded to Intellectual
stimulus with greater zest than girls.
Pioneer Music Teacher of This City
Dies This Morning.
Professor Edwin Porter Day, a pio
neer music teacher of this city, died
this morning at 7 a. m. Mr. Day has
been ill for several weeks, though It
was only recently that he was about.
the city and at his post as always, lie
has been making his home on' Green
wood, street and conducted hn music
studio there. Formerly he lived and
conducted his studio oer the Seldeis
store. ' .
The late Mr. Day. has -instructed
hundreds of young people in the rudi
ments of, music In this city and bib
death will be mournel not only by
his many fr'cnds of adult age, but
among the young, folks i well.
The funeral arlangc-neu's will
be I
When New York Republican Conven
tion Is Called It is More Than Like
Iy that the Chairmanship Will Fall
In t Hands of Roosevelt Fight Is
Crowing Warmer G. A. R. Adopts
Ca l a m
strong iipnunciuiion oi ffnerman.
New York, Aug, 31. Vice-Presldnt
Sherman may not be temporavy chair
man of the republican convention In
New York, despite his appointment,
following a conference of the state
progressives. It is announced Roose
velt's name will be presented as tem
porary chairman, and the regulars ace
preparing to fight against him. The
machine is expecting a heavy fight at
both the convention and the city prl
merles to name convention delegates,
and are preparing for it Roosevelt 1.1
certain to capture the county delega
tions."." ,'
G. A. R. Jolts Sherman.
Joplln, Mo., Aug. 31. President
Sherman will be Jolted, when he open.
a letter from here containing resolu-
nuurieu uy ... uie, leaner sonasi
O. A. R. reunion. Sherman is enroute
to Oklahoma on A speaking tour. Ow
ing to Sherman's refusal to speak to
the association, It revolted.
. , 'The action is unpatriotic and an
affront to the old soldiers, and a delib
erate insult to the organization alsQ,"
the letter says.
TiavlmialT, ChAftmAK 1 i i , , ,l.
v . iiunij uucmiau uau iqjo, me as
sociation committee that the matter
waa In the hands of the concession-
i iwmmiuee, out the association wir
ed STUt the committee was informed
that the matter was Jeft entirely with
Sberman;;.:,;,.;:; '': ,,;.t
,.. . SW-T---1Y ;, .
Brelhern Begin Conferenee.
isterg and laymen from many states
are assembling here today for the
national conference of the Brethenr
church. This denomination Is what la
known as the progressive branch of
the Dunkard Brethern.
The International Lyceum Associa
tion, which has recently made Winona
Lake Its permanent home, will also
hold dally sessions here during the
nm Inn- Ia dnn
Add Throwing Incident Is Burled Tp
And Police Are Idle,
Walla Walla, Aug. 31. The nollce
today . have practically droDDed the
case of the acid throwing yesterday,
which probably will result in the los3
oi one eye to Fred Cornelius of Mur
ray, Idaho. Cornelius left the city
this morning for Spokane. No one
seemingly knows the identity of the
assailant. He was leaving his hotel
when the blinding fluid was thrown
in his face. Immediately he returned
to his room and would not call the
police, which leads to the belief that
he does not want an investigation of
the case.
Dayton Has Trouble Over a Preacher
Who Was Flashy Dresser ,
Dayton, Wn.,. Aug. ; 31. Reverend
Harris,, for three years pastor of toa
First Christian church, leaves the pas
torate today because he was "toa
chummy with sinners,' 'and members
of his congregation complained that
he dressed too much "like a traveling
Harris has doubled the membership.
( or the church and Is already over-
v. helmwl with raTls 11a uin
announce t Irter.
I --v- aiict
an offer to go to Waitsburg.