4A | WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 11, 2021 | Grants Continued from Page 1A more than 35 employees; provide a Youth Employment Certiﬁcate from the Bureau of Labor and Industries; pro- vide documentation the youth worked between May 1 and Sept. 30; and allow a representative of Willamette Work- force Partnership to visit the work- place. Bethell said the idea came from Brenda Frketich, owner of Kirsch Fam- ily Farms in St. Paul, and was based on a similar program Linn County admin- isters. Bethell said Linn County has done its program for over a decade and hasn’t exhausted the money it has set aside in any given year. Bethell said Marion County's pro- gram isn’t aimed directly at the agricul- ture sector and is for businesses of all types. Nationally, employment among teens is at near-record low levels. In 2020, 30.8% of teens were em- ployed. In 2000, 51.7% of youth in the United States were employed, accord- ing to data from the U.S. Bureau of La- bor Statistics. In 1948, the number was 56.5%. Also, Latino teens (25.8%), Black teens (25.1%) and Asian teens (14.3%) APPEAL TRIBUNE were less likely to be employed than white teens (33.4%), according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. According to the Pew paper, fewer young people work in entry-level jobs such as sales clerks or oﬃce assis- tants. Possible reasons could include more schools ending later in June and starting before Labor Day, and schools requiring volunteer commu- nity service to graduate. In the latest numbers, from May 2021, 32.4% of youth age 16-19 were employed, a slight improvement over 2020’s overall numbers. The money Marion County is using for the program comes from video lot- tery proceeds designated for econom- ic development. Bethell said the money will essen- tially be used to reimburse a portion of the wages the company pays. Each employee’s wages are capped at 1,000 hours of work in the May through September period. “It’s an opportunity for businesses to shorten one burden that they may experience in the employment market and speciﬁcally focus on youth,” Be- thell said. Bill Poehler covers Marion County for the Statesman Journal. Contact him at firstname.lastname@example.org or Twitter.com/bpoehler Crews with Hoffman-Skanska work on the new $2 billion remodel of the roof using salvaged wood product from Freres Lumber Co. at Portland International Airport. PHOTOS BY BRIAN HAYES/STATESMAN JOURNAL Airport Continued from Page 1A Marion County commissioners Colm Willis and Danielle Bethell speak to community members about a proposal to remove the Scotts Mills dam. ABIGAIL DOLLINS / STATESMAN JOURNAL OSHA Continued from Page 1A risks to health increase for everyone when the AQI passes 201, and the air is hazardous when the AQI reaches 301. Air quality in Salem during last year’s Labor Day ﬁres exceeded 400 on the AQI scale, and in Bend passed 500. Last year, Oregon OSHA released recommenda- tions, but no rules, on keeping workers safe from wildﬁre smoke. Many farm- workers continued working, often with limited protection. Jamie Pang South, the environmental health program director at the Oregon Environmental Council, said the rules are a good start, but don’t go far enough. She said worker advocates also sought the creation of a buddy system, the sus- pension of work quotas and extra man- datory breaks for workers during high AQI levels. “They’re a little bit disappointing, and they will also need strong enforcement,” Pang South said, while giving credit to OSHA and emphasizing the rules are a positive step and “a baseline for more permanent rules.” Some positive components of the rules include their limited application to wildland ﬁreﬁghting and other emer- gency response activities, and the avail- ability of KN-95 masks when the AQI passes 101, she said. “Our state has been at the center of the climate crisis this summer, and that’s shattered any illusion that the Pa- ciﬁc Northwest is safe, and as a result, OSHA’s willingness to inch forward on these things show that there is an exi- gent environmental crisis happening that oﬃcials must respond to protect the health of people,” Pang South said. Jenny Dresler, a lobbyist for the Ore- gon Farm Bureau, a growers’ associa- tion, said she would have preferred tem- porary smoke rules more similar to the temporary rules the state of Washington released in July, but appreciates that mandatory, ﬁt-tested respirators are not required under Oregon’s rules until the AQI reaches 500. She also hopes OSHA will make information and training ma- terials readily available, she said. Washington’s temporary smoke rules include providing respirators for volun- tary use when the AQI reaches 151 and allowing workers rest breaks where the air is ﬁltered. At the federal level, OSHA lacks rules to protect workers from smoke, and Cali- fornia is the only state with permanent rules to protect workers from smoke. They include requiring employers to provide respirators for voluntary use when the AQI exceeds 151, and ﬁt-test- ed respirators for mandatory use when the AQI reaches 500. OSHA said the temporary smoke rules also apply to labor housing, Making sure housing is not too hot The temporary heat protection rules for labor housing center on employers trying to keep the temperature down in housing units, providing access to in- door or outdoor cooling areas, and en- suring occupants have a way to contact emergency services. The rules also require employers to put a thermometer in each housing unit and prominently display informa- tion on heat risks in housing. Dresler described the temporary heat rules for labor housing as clear and achievable and said the agricultur- al employers she has met with already employ some of these practices. “They’re really reasonable and can be applied pretty easily,” Dresler said. “They provide clear directions to em- ployers and a clear regulatory scheme for employees to understand what the requirements are in housing.” Employers must aim to keep the temperature in housing units below 78 degrees Fahrenheit through air condi- tioners or evaporative coolers and/or protecting windows from direct sun- light and making fans available at no cost to workers. If employers cannot keep the tem- perature below 78 degrees in rooms where people sleep, they must provide cooling areas for when the heat index outside the units passes 80 degrees. Employers must accomplish this by giving people constant access to cool- ing rooms, and/or creating outdoor rest areas with shade, seating, and wa- ter misters, cooling vests, or cooling towels. Employees are also supposed to be protected from discrimination and re- taliation when exercising the rights in these rules or making a complaint, the rules note, but worker advocates worry there still may be enforcement issues. Dora Totoian covers farmworkers through Report for America, a program that aims to support local journalism and democracy by reporting on under- covered issues and communities. You can reach her at dtotoian@ statesmanjournal.com to locations around the world. Owned and operated by the Port of Portland, a quasi-governmental agen- cy, the airport has become the 30th busiest in the United States. To more eﬃciently move those mil- lions of people, the airport undertook an expansion in 2017, with plans in- cluding a new concourse, a new ticket- ing area and a major expansion of the terminal. When completed, the pre-security area will be widened 150 feet to the west to add about 175,000 square feet, nearly doubling it to about 360,000 square feet. The stores below the roof will be built to resemble Portland neighbor- hoods, complete with doughnut shops. To give travelers the feel they are in the Paciﬁc Northwest, the designers opted to build as much as possible out of locally-sourced wood. A project that big requires a lot of it. “The concept behind the roof is that you’re in the forest, that you have the light ﬁltering down through the trees, and you’re obviously walking under- neath wood,” Simonds said. "I don’t think people are going to step oﬀ an airplane and say, ‘It feels like I’m in a forest,' but it’s one of those things in your surroundings that you’ll just feel – similar to lighting. When you bring natural light in, people step oﬀ a plane and think, ‘This is so nice.’” The roof is designed to appear like rolling waves to simulate the current of rivers and oceans in Oregon, and decorative elements underneath will be made of more wood, including planters for trees on the ﬂoor. Giving destruction new life The Beachie Creek Fire, ﬁrst detect- ed Aug. 16 in the Opal Creek Wilder- ness, spread rapidly due to a high wind event Sept. 7, growing to over 130,000 acres in one night. The ﬁre killed ﬁve people, ravaged 193,573 acres and destroyed about 500 homes. When it tore through communities in the Santiam Canyon, Freres Lum- ber’s Mass Ply mill and other manu- facturing facilities in Lyons were in the evacuation areas. “We had ﬁres still going on our properties next to the mill site,” said Tyler Freres, vice president of sales for the family-owned business. The wood product manufacturing business was shut down for three weeks. Though its facilities were rela- tively unscathed, the private timber land the company owns around the Santiam Canyon was heavily impacted. Freres said about 5,700 of the com- pany’s 17,000 privately-owned acres of timber were damaged in the Beachie Creek Fire. But the ﬂames moved so fast that when it killed the trees, the wood wasn’t harmed structurally. Since the wildﬁre, Freres Lumber has been salvaging wood from its private acreage and wildﬁre-damaged trees from other sources and turning them into usable products. “So far, we have yet to see a real structural or even a visual aspect that’s been aﬀected by the ﬁres for the wood that we’re processing,” Freres said. “Of the ﬁber that we’re pulling in that sal- vage wood, it’s all good usable ﬁber.” Freres said the company has already replanted more than 500,000 seedlings in the salvage logged areas. A large part of the wood products be- ing processed at Freres’ Mass Ply Panel facility on the edge of Lyons has been going to Portland International Airport since April. Building a roof, then putting it in place Smoke rises over the Bruler Fire burning south of Detroit Lake. Temporary rules going into effect next week address worker safety during smoky conditions. PROVIDED BY U.S. FOREST SERVICE The new roof is going to be gigantic. It’s being built 13 feet up on 23 acres of concrete poured speciﬁcally for the construction on the northwest portion of the airﬁeld. The entire roof will be constructed in pieces. Over the span of three nights in the spring of 2022, each piece will be moved a few thousand feet to the terminal by a transporter designed to move subma- rines and installed 55 feet in the air at times there will be no one below. “It really keeps the terminal operat- ing,” said Katrina Day, construction manager for contractor Hoﬀman Skan- ska, explaining that building the roof in place would have required the terminal to be shut down for safety. Zip-O-Log Mills of Eugene is supply- ing the beams for the project and Freres is supplying the MPP panels, a structur- al veneer-based mass-timber product. The Y-shaped steel supports for the roof at the terminal are being dug 160 feet into the ground, as opposed to the normal 90 feet, and the entire roof is de- signed to sway 24 inches in any direc- tion in case of an earthquake. “It’s all being designed so that when, not if, but when we get the big Cascadia event, that this thing rides it out and this region still has an airport,” said Brad Harrison, senior manager of con- struction service for the Port of Port- land. Freres said the family company will supply about 800,000 board feet of MPP for the roof, the equivalent of 79,000 cubic feet of wood or about 30 acres of mature timber. Each panel is warped by carpenters onsite to ﬁt the waves in the roof over the beams, but still ﬁt precisely next to each other like a jigsaw puzzle. The company started delivering pan- els in April and will continue multiple deliveries each week through June 2022. Much of the wood ceiling won’t be visible during construction as it will be covered with acoustic panels. Once the new wood roof is in place, the current one will be removed and more construction will take place below. Salvage logging a difficult proposition Salvage logging after a wildﬁre is a contentious issue. On public lands, it often draws a ﬁght, such as when the Oregon Depart- ment of Forestry put forth in 2020 a controversial plan to log about 20% of the more than 15,000 acres of state- owned timber land burnt in the wild- ﬁres. Environmental groups like Sierra Forest Legacy argue salvage logging increases ﬁre risk, unnecessarily dis- rupts wildlife and can lead to in- creased erosion. On private lands, the state requires notiﬁcation, reforestation, wetland protections and that salvagers follow ﬁre prevention and suppression meth- ods. Salvage logging allows private com- panies like Freres, which took an esti- mated $24 million hit due to the wild- ﬁres, to recoup as much as possible. All of the wood Freres is currently processing is salvaged. “To me, it’s really interesting and a somewhat complex concept because wildﬁre is devastating,” Simonds said. “It’s devastating to the people, the communities, the land owners and the forests. “It’s nice to have something to do on the back side because it does mean the landowners still have a way to beneﬁt and ﬁnd sustenance and survivability for the companies and families.” The Portland International Airport terminal will reopen by 2023, though further phases of construction will continue through 2025 The thousands of people each day who pass under it may not know the circumstances of the wood, but they will still be protected by it when the Oregon skies are pouring rain, produc- ing something good from tragedy. “That’s the silver lining, when you get down to it,” Freres said. Bill Poehler covers Marion County for the Statesman Journal. Contact him at email@example.com or Twitter.com/bpoehler.