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About The daily gazette-times. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1909-1921 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 28, 1909)
Energetic Officer Selected , to
Succeed Major General J. frank
lin Bell as the Head of the Gen
eral Staff, United States Army.
By WALTON WILLIAMS.
AJOR GENERAL LEONARD
WOOD, who will-next April
relinquish the oost of eom-
111 mirl i Tl o- nfHrtai nt tha Aa-
partment of the east to become chief
jof the general staff of the United
States army in the piace of Major Gen
jeral J. Franklin Bell, is only forty-nine
years of age, and his rise in the army
'bas been one of the most remarkable
In its history. He entered the medical
(corps as an assistant surgeon on Jan.
fc, :18S6, and has been promoted by
leaps and bounds.
General Wood's designation by Sec-"
retary of War Diokiuson for the most
Important administrative command In
the gift of the war department did
not occasion any surprise .among army
(Officers in Washington the other day.
It can also be stated on the authority
of'-oue of the army's best Known of
ficers that the appointment is one that
jwill be approved by most of the rank
and file. : Several years ago this state
ment would have befln impossible, but
today, with his Cuban and Philippine
Teeords and his record at Governors
island ; behind him, even General
(Wood's critics admit his ability, en
jergy and capacity for work. His ac
itlve career as a soldier may properly
be) -said to have begun when he be
came the colonel of the now famous
rough riders at the outset of the Spanish-American
war, the lieutenant colo-
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CCPYKICXT. 11V Wc'm'M.K.Y
MAJOR GENERAL LEONARD
Iiel being Theodore Roosevelt, then
and now dne of General Wood's most
, Sample of His Originality.
General Wood, who was born' on'
Oct. 9, I860, " in Winchester, N: H.,
attended in his boyhood a school in
Middleboro, Mass., and a Middleboro
man told some time ago the following
story of the direct and original mind
that the boy had: :
"I remember one 'day in school
iWood was called up in the grammar
lesson. The teacher said: -'.
" 'Leonard, give me a sentence, and
well see if we can change it to the
Imperative mood.' .
"'The horse draws the cart,'; said
ILeonard. ' '
" 'Very good. The horse draws the
art Now change the sentence to a
neat imperative.' . ; -
i " 'Get upl' said young Wood."
Attention was called to Wood before
he had been in the army six months.
His first service was in the campaign
against the hostile Indians in Arizona
and New Slexlco. He voluntarily car
ried dispatches through' a' region in
fested with hostile Indians, making a
journey of seventy miles in one night
and walking thirty miles - the next
day. 'For his action In this campaign
lie was awarded a medal of honor in
1898. Wood was in that running fight -from
start to finish and was commend
ed for "courage, energy and loyai sup
port"' by General Lawton as "the .only
officer" who had been with him
through the ' whole campaign." At
one time during, that expedition Wood
was, temporarily - In command of all
'the infantry,, and t another time- he
Exercised a similar command, over'
ILawton's scouts.. , :- . . . - " ! '.
1 After serving at various army posts
rom July, 18S9, to September, 1895ft
General Wood was ordered to Wash
flngton for duty as attending surgeon
to the army officers serving In Wash
ington. -'It was during this period that
lie became acquainted with Colonel
ttoosevelt ; -.-. .. ," : v
Served In the Cuban' War.
General Wood was one of the physi
cians to President McKinley and Sec
, retary of War Alger. When the Span-
CHIEF OF STUFF
First Colonel of the Rough Riders
and Military Governor of Cuba,
Where He Was Known as "the
Man With the, Lion's -Stride."
isb. war broke out Colonel Roosevelt,
who had a high regard for General
Wood's ability as a soldier, obtained
President McKinleyte consent for the
organization of the First United States
volunteer cavalry, which became
known as the rough riders. At Colo
nel Roosevelt's request General Wood
was appointed colonel of the regiment.
After organizing and equipping the
rough riders at San Antonio, Tex.,
the regiment went Jo the front and
served through the whole Cuban cam
On July 8, 1898, General Wood was
made a brigadier general of volunteers
and assumed command of the Second
brigade, cavalry division of the Fifth
army corps, which participated in the
battles of Las Guasimas and San Juan.
When the Spanish forces, at Santiago
surrendered in July, 1898, General
Wood was appointed military governor
of that city, and on Oct. 7, 1898, he
was assigned to the command of the
department of Santiago, serving also'
as civil governor of the province of
Santiago. On July 1, 1899, the two
eastern provinces of Cuba, Santiago
and Puerto Principe, were consolidated
and placed under General Wood's com
mand. From Dec. 20, 1899, to May 20,
1902, when the American troops left
Cuba, General Wood served as mili
tary governor. ,'
In February, 1901, President McKin
ley appointed General Wood a briga-
WOOD AND HIS WIFE.
dier general in the regular army on the
completion of his services as governor.
The nomination .was opposed by sev
eral influential senators on the ground ;
that General Woods' highest rank in
the regular army had been that of a
captain in the medical corps. ' After a
long fight, however, the nomination
Famous For His long Stride.
From Aug. 6, 1903, to April 12; 1906,
he commanded the department of Min
danao and was civil governor of Moro
province in the Philippines. He com
manded the Philippines division .from
Feb. 1, 1906, to Feb. 20, 1908. ' General
Wood, who has commanded the de
partment of the east at Governors is
land, 'New York, since Nov. 10, 1908, is
married and has three children. ' : V: '
When Leonard Wood was a student
at Harvard his name was Intimately
connected, with college athletics of all
sorts, but principally with running and
walking. Big, rawboned and lithe,' he
resembled in his poses an Indian un
trammeled by civilization or civiliza
tion's clothes.; The free and easy swing
of; his gait in those -early formation
days at college has never left him. Out
on the plains in the nineties, when his
military yearning led him to forsake
his -official duties those of ,an ,army
surgeon for the dangers and fascina
tion of a. volunteer scout, the tireless
energy won by athletic training stood
him in good stead.- The young army
doctor even at that early period of his
career became famous for his long and
powerful stride. . This fame' followed
him" to San Juan, and when la after
days he added leaves to his wreath of
glory by reclaiming Santiago from its
degradation and filth he became known
to the wondering Cubans as '.'the man
with the lion's ; stride." General Wood's
ordinary; stride Is forty inches two
Inches longer than the regulation step
and it is said that he can cover more
ground in a day. than any other man In
the army. " .
Oyster Cure For Dyspepsia. -
According 1 to a London authority,
some English physicians are ordering
patients to eat oysters that have been
well soaked in sea water as a cure-for
dyspepsia and tuberculosis. . l .
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1 I'T . JI . -7
. LIBRARY OF. BANKING.
Valuable Volumes to. Be Published by
the Monetary Commission.
Information of unique value to the
financial world and to alt students of
economics regarding-the monetary and
banking systems of all the civilized
nations, Including the United States,
will be made available during the com
ing year through a score-or, more -of
volumes prepared by the leading- aur
thoritiesin America,' England and Eu
rope, to be published under the aus
pices f the national monetary "com
mission. It will constitute a library of
banking without parallel in the litera
ture of any country and will supply
what is at present practically an abso
lute lack of information in the EriHsh
language regarding the development
during recent years of the financial
systems of the world. '
The commission as soon as practica
ble will print limited editions of the
various volumes and hopes that con
gress will authorize their general pub
lication and distribution and will pro
vide for their sale at moderate prices
through the superintendent of docu
ments. The commission urgently ex
presses the hope that bankers, business
men and financial students of every
sort will take advantage of the oppor
tunity thus offered to study the con
ditions and experiences of other coun
tries as well as our own and will co
operate with the commission" in devis
ing a banking system more worthy, of
America's position In the world and
better adapted for the successful utili-s
zation of her great resources. ...
STUDENT THEATER FOR YALE.
Receipts From Dramatic Association's
Tour Will Go to Fundr
Yale university is to have a fully
equipped theater, to be used for per
formances given by the students and
by, professional "companies esDeciallv
Invited to .appear before the univer-
! Tl i . i
oilj. ; i njuis irum ine perrormances
Of Din Boucicanlt'a nmoilT' "T
Assurance," which will be given by
the Yale Dramatic association at the
Waldorf-Astoria hotel, in New Tork.
on Monday and Tuesday, Jari.3 and 4,
will De devoted to the, theater fund.
The sum raised already amounts to
$8,500. It is expected that nart of th
receipts from annual tours of the Yale
liiee, Banjo and Mandolin clubs will
be paid into the fund. .
Preliminary plans for Yale's theater
are for a structure seating 1,400 peo
ple, with comnletelv eauinnerl stasre.
club and library rooms for the Dra
matic association, musical clubs and
the Yale orchestra. - Here the two pro
ductions of English plays each year
and those of Freneh, Spanish and Ger
man plays will be given. . ; . .
It has been suggested that Yale name
its theater after; William Dunlap, New
York's ; famous early dramatist and
manager and founder of the new Yale
Academy of Design.
MONUMENT LAKE BOUNDARIES
International Commission to Mark Line
; From Duluth to St. Lawrence.
Scores of great monuments are to
be erected along -the United States
and Canadian shores of the exeat, lnkea
from Duluth to the St. Lawrence as
boundary marks. This has -been de
cided upon by the international wa
The present boundary lines between
the United States and JCanada are an
intangible thing and in manv nlaces
quite unsettled. The plan which has
peen outlined, by the international wa
terways commission and Is' now being
worked out contemplates .locating at
every point where the" boundary line
makes an angle two monuments - di
rectly opposite each other on the two
shores of the lakes. ' .. .
The ;' exact : number of monuments
which will be necessary will not be
known until the ' boundary line has
been definitely agreed upon and ap
proved by the British government and
tne reaerai authorities at Washington.
It. is said, however, that there may be
at least fifty. Designs for the monu
ments iiave not yet, been thought out,
but it is probable that they will be
metal shafts of great height.
.. Great. Trade In- Ratskins. - ;
One of the American; diplomats re
ports that a great business is springing
up at .Calcutta in securing and prepar
ing the skins of brown rats, whch are
used for book bindings, gloves and
purses. , Already the trade is said to
amount to $250,000 a year
Jim Congressman. : ..
When Jim was 'lected congressman four
vears nnt T vntxroA -
My cup o' joy was brimmln' full, an' I
w uz mieaiy proua.
"My. Jim '11 make hla mark," I said.- "The
world will know his name.
He'll rise above the common run an" win
uncommon fame. ; .
His voice 'Will ring throughout the land,
-r .: his Words Allr4Hfv
An" then I sat t" wait fer him t' catch the
. -. : speaKers eye.
I bragged about my Jim a lot, my Jim In
Washington. . f
"He'll show 'em how," I -told my friends,"
' "this country should be run. ' 1
Jes' wait untU he makes a speech an"
,!'s then you'll all admit -.-
That when it comes to wisdom my. boy
Jim is full of It."
Ah' so: we waited. Weeks-an' weeks ian
. .. months atf months went by,
An' Jim down there a-tryin' hard t catch
.: Ihe speaker's eye.
Jim's back in Washington again,, in ' eon
. I gress makin' laws, .'
Plumb sure that this term he will get a
chance t" plead his- cause. '
He's -got on -some committees, an' some
big men know he's there.
The New. York papers quoted him about
some trust affair; - , ;
Anr ma an' I -are prayln' now that we
a won't have to die . .
More Jim's reckoned big enough t' get
the speaker's eye. '
: Detroit Free Prest.
BIGGEST OF ALL
Gigantic Ships to Join the At
EACH CARRYING 5,000 PEOPLE
Olympic and Titanic Will Be 860 Feetj
Long, Seventy Feet Longer Than Any
Ship Afloat To Have All the Splen
dors of a Great Hotel and a Big Salt
Water Swimming Bath. .
Near the end of 1 year 1911 there
will cross the Atlantic ocean the great
est steamship that ever drove ast
Sandy Hook on its way H New York
a vessel that exceeds by seventy feet
the length of the giant Cunarders, the
Lusitania and Mauretania. When these
great vessels came out many of those
who looked at the majestic sisters felt
sure that in these two the last word in
marine construction had been reached.
But the Olympic, now under con
struction at Belfast, Ireland, for the
White Star line, exceeds these two in.
size by almost as great a margin as
the Lusitania and Mauretania exceed
the older Lucania and Campania. The
newer Cunarders are 790 feet in length.
The length of the White Star giantess
is ,860 feet The Cunarders have a
beam of 88 feet; that of the Olympic
is 92 feet . In displacement the new
vessel- exceeds the older ones by 3,000
tons. She will not be endowed with
the high speed of the ocean grey
hounds. . '
Titanic, a sister vessel to the Olym
pic, is also under construction at Bel
fast, but " the work upon this other
vessel is not as far advanced as it
is on th Olympic. Each ship will
have accommodations for 5,000 pas
sengers -and 'for a crew of 600.
Each vessel will have nine steel decks,
and od the upper of these there will
be a spacious entrance hall, dining
saloons, smoking rooms, libraries, wo-'
men's parlors or drawing rooms, grill,
lounge rooms and restaurants as well
as "a main saloon . about ninety feet
wide. v f
Skating' Rink on Upper Deck. .
; One of the upper decks is to be com
pletely inclosed to serve as a ballroom
or skating " rink. Instead ; of canvas
partitions or awnings' to keep out the
wind and rain the-whole will be in
closed with glass . windows similar to
those hi railway carriages. ; By day
this spacious apartment may" bemused
as :a; sun parlor or promenade,' and it
will be large enough- to enable several '
hundred passengers to move , about
with ease and comfort
In . addition to extended, suits of
rooms complete flats will be available,
thus making it possible to cross the
Atlantic In the- enjoyment ' of all the
privacy of one's own home. Ocean
going flats will comprise .bedrooms,
sitting rooms, private bathrooms and
even a private library, all en suite.
Cabins with, private shower baths at
tached, a great salt water swimming
bath large enough to permit of diting
and a well equipped gymnasium are to
be among the features which will be
'Veranda Cafe on Board.
; The main dining saloon will be fur
nished to 'seat GOO persons at once;,
and should a guest tire of this grand
Chamber he can wander from one cafe
to, another each day have his meals
in a different apartment .The veranda:
cafe will also be a leading feature of
these ships. ,It will be placed on one
of the upper decks far astern, fully
fifty feet above the sea level, and as it
will be constructed with exposed rafters-intwined
with., vines and creeping,
plants and have latticed sides, it will
make the Illusion of a cafe at the sea
side almost perfect . 1 ;
. i Precautions Against. Danger. .
; Each . steamer will be, divided Into
upward, of thirty steel compartments
separated , by heavy s bulkheads. An
automatic device on the bridge will
control all. these heavy , steel door's,
making it possible for a single hand to
close, them all In almost an instant in
case of danger.- Each of these doors
will be electrically connected with a
chart on the bridge, where each door
will be represented by a small electric
light and when one of these doors
closes the light will burn red, but
while it remains open the disk will be
quite dark. The officer on the bridge,
will thus be able to see at a glance
whether or not all the compartments
have, been closed. '
Yet another set of safety devices will
guard against fire in any portion of
the vessel. A series of thermostats
will be scattered throughout the great
framework, so arranged aa to indicate
a rise in the temperature above a cer
tain point Should the temperature
reach the-danger point the fact will
be immediately ' communicated to the
officer on the bridge by the ringing
of an electric- bell, while an electric
light on a great chart on the wall will
buni red. ' ;-:' ,;,'" ' ,.:,
The vessels will be of the triple
crew type-; and are designed - for a
speed of 21 knots an hour. . Each ship
will have three propellers, and, like the
big Cunarders, will carry four funnels
and two'.'Steel pole ' ventilator 'masts.
They . will also be , fitted with ' wireless
Installations and searchlights, as well
as the now - inevitable daily bulletin
newspaper.' ., .
The Olympic will be launched next
September. The Titanic will go over
board a few months later.
Residents of this city and
county, who have friends and
relatives in the East or any
where at a distance, could not
please the ti more than by
keeping them : constantly, in
formed about the doings in this
favored portion of Oregon, and
there is no better way of doing
this than the regular visits of a
bright, newsy paper like the
; Atthis joyous, season, when
all the stores are offeririg excep
tional bargains to gift-hunters,
the Gazette-Times has decided
to join in the u niversal .custom
and give the fciggest kind of an
inducement to everybody who
would like to make somebody
else happy with a present that
will last throughout 1910.
This Special Offer :
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