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About The daily gazette-times. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1909-1921 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 24, 1909)
ILITIES OF 1
Chicago Witnesses Say It May
u Revolutionize Traffic, !
JHAIN UKt HUltL fl)55ltJLt.
Economy Seen In Louis Brennan's In
vention, That Seems to Defy Laws of
Gravitation Speed of One Hundred
: and Fifty Miles an Hour Predicted.
Chicago railroad officials who have
recently returned from London are
, inclined to believe that iu the mouo
railway, or gyroscope railroad, Louis
Brennan, B. C.. has an invention which
bids fair to revolutionize some of the & will require it to be conducted in ac
fields, at least, of transportation. , cordaiiee with the regulations of mod-
What they sa w at the public demon- ern war. .r , -
trations at Chatham, England, of , the "Some years ago I expressed to Dr.
possibilities of the uioiiorailway was E. A. Alderman, president of the uni
a railroad car torty feet long, ten feet versity, my objection to football be
wide and thirteen feet high, weighing cause it was not a recreation for stu-
twenty-two tons, mounted on a single
rail and running freely around curves
while safely carrying forty passengers,
who experienced less vibration than
would have been the case in an ordi
nary passenger coach.
The principle upon which the mono-1
railway operates is that of the spin-
uug top, wiio maintains its equilibri
um by means of its rapid revolutions
vr gyrations, ipe characteristic fea
ture of this system of transportation
Is that -each vehicle Is capable of main
taining its balance' upon an ordinarv
man i.uu upon sieepers on the ground, -
whether it is standing
... cnuci uuwuuu ai any rate or speed..
This Is done notwithstanding the fact
that the center of gravity is several
feet above the rail aud that wind pres-
u.c, Buiiuug ui ioaa, centrirugal ac
tion or any combination .of these forces
may tend to upset it Automatic sta
bility mechanism of extreme simplicity
carried oy the vehicle itself endows
it with this power. -- .
Principle of Mechanism.
i The mechanism consists essentially
of two flywheels rotated directly by -electric
motors in opposite directions
..at a very high velocity aud mounted
.-bo that their gyrostatic action and
Btored up energy can be utilized. The
flywheels are mounted on high class
bearings and ae placed In a vacuum,
-On Ml. II IhL -lip .1 rwl 4t..t j .
" .....i. uu uuu nn-uuii are reauceu
to a iiuniuiura ana consequently the
ipower required to keep them In raphl
not urn is very small. The stored up
energy in the flywheels when"revolv
Ing :it full speed is so great aud the
friction so small that if the driving
' nirri'llt 1st lllt ttfP nlimfina ill
' " uiiieiijci tV 111
run at sufficient velocity to impnrr
stability to - the vehicle for several
tours, .while it will take from two. to
three (lays before they come to rest.
.The stability mechanism, whose weight
Is small, occupies but little space in the
jeab at one end of the vehicle. ,
The wheels of the car are placed ln
a s:ngle row beneath the 'center -of
"the vehicle ud are carried on bogy
inn us whicn are so pivoted as to pro-
vide for horizontal curves on the track ;
and also for-vertical ones. This en-'
ahles the vehicle to run upon curves of
even less radius than the length of the-
vehicles Itself, or to run on crooked
rails or on rails laid over uueven i
ground without danger of derailment. J
The motive power of the monorailway j
may. be either steam, petrol., oil. gas;
or, electricity. In the experiments j
made thus far petrol has been ;iised as '
an electric generator, the power . of
each vehicle b?ing self contained and
ready for immediate use. . Use of it
any momeut is made possible by keep
tag the gyro wheels in constant rota
tion by a current from a small accu
mulator, the" engine beina at rest. In
order that the vehiclemay be able to
ascend steep inclines the wheels are
ail power driven, and change gears-are
provided for use in hilly country
Large Coach Made Possible.'
Great economy is obtained by. mak
ing the. vehicles much wider than the
ordinary, passenger coach. ; On 'this
point Mr. Brennan claims that he. has
plans for a passenger (car 1 00; feet in
length and 20 feet wide,, He alsodei
Clares that such a coach ,may be driven
safely at a speed of 150 miles an hour
while travelers are making a trans
continental journey in rooms as large
and as luxuriously furnished as those
of a modern, city hotel.. ' , "
The rail upon which the car runs has
a curved top," and its weight Is that of
the ordinary rail, but the sleepers, or
ties, are only one-half the usual size
of railroad ties. It is stated that flying
lines of a monorailway.-cati be. built
with great rapidity over uneven ground
with but- a slight expenditure of labor.
The bridges required for the use of
the monorailway are of the, simplest
possible construction. ; ' - :
' Hotel on Rails Predicted.
The expenditure of fuel necessary to
operate the monorailway Is very much 4
less thaD It Is with an ordinary; raiN
road. This fact is due to the absence
of flange friction on curves and to
the vehicles running without oscilla
tion or jolting.. The absence of these
same factors makes an Increase of 200
or 300 per cent in the speed of the
train, a safe possibility: consequently
ir. lireunan connaenny aeciares that
fiis dream of . a transcontinental all
road furnished with a traveling hotel
having rooms fifteen to'twenty feet
wide and carrying passengers In per
fect comfort and safety at a speed of
120 to 150 mil os an. hour will surely be
MOSBY FLAYS FOOTBALL
Confederate Chieftain : Considers -the
Game Worse Than Warfare.
Colonel John S. Mosby, the famous
Confederate partisan chieftain and
alumnus of the University of Virginia,
who denounced football the other day
In a remarkable interview in which he
compares the game to actual warfare
to the detriment of the former, main
tains that the great number of fatal!-
ties represents so many murders.
"I have read with Indignation min-
gled with sorrow the account of tbe
murder of young Christian, a student
of the University of Virginia, in a foot
ball game in Washington with George
town university," said Colonel Mosby.
"I use the word murder advisedly the
killing was not an accident The very
fact that a university surgeon went on
with the team shows that they, were
going to war. They neglected, how
ever, to provide an ambulance to carry
off the wounded. - . . V
"1 hope if this barbarous amuse
ment is continued the board of visitors
dents, because many were making it a
profession, : because It developed the
brutal instincts of our nature and be
cause it should be no part of the cur
riculum of the university. A student
who has broken somebody's nose at
football stands hiirher than a master
of arts. A man ought not to go to col-
lege to learn to be a circus rider or a
"Dr. Alderman says there Is great
danger to life and limb in football and
that the danger must be eliminated
before It can be played any more. But
if the danger is eliminated nothing will
be left of the game. The danger is not;
only the chief but the only attraction
to the mob that gathers to witness it
"The defenders of such sport say . "it
develops the. manhood of youth. 1
deny It unless by manhood they mean
physical strength. My idea of man
hood' is a sense of honor and courage,
and such qualities may exist in a weak
body. ; :' , - r ;
. "The difference .between the past
and the present in great American uni
versities . is - the distance between
"Stonewall" Jackson and John L. Sul
livan. Football simply develops the
brute dormant in human nature and
puts the player on a level with an Es
kimo or a polar bear. ..
"Napoleon once said, "Scratch a Rus
sian and you . find a Tartar.' implying
that Russian civilization was only skin
'deep. : If the university is a fair rep
resentative I fear that the same sar
casm equally applies in Virginia. My
observation has been that athletes be
long, as a rule, to that ciass who are
Invincible In peace and invisible In
war." - " J
SEES DOOM OF LORDS.
T. P. O'Connor Predicts Uprising of
- Masses Over Rejection of Budget.
. Commenting on the action taken by
the British house of lords in adopting
Lord Lansdowne's amendment to the
finance bill, T. P. O'Connor. M. P.,
one of the Irish Nationalist leaders -in
the house, of commons, now in the
United States in the interest of Irish
home rule, said the other night that
the rejection of the British budget by
the British peers had announced their
own' doom'.' r - .. ; ' - ;
"I am greatly pleased, and so is every
one who is an enemy of the house of
lords," said Mr. O'Connor. "Every Lib
eral, and, still more, every Irish Na
tionalist, has known for several gen
erations that it was impossible to have
anything like steady. Liberal progress
so long as the bouse of lords retained
its power to defeat or postpone all
i, democratic;; legislation. V Ireland . has
been the special sufferer from the pres
ent power of that body, for the house
of lords consists almost.excluslvely of
the landlords who liave always been
the curse and the enemies of Ireland.
"As to the effect in England, I be
lieve the rejection of the budget will
lead to an uprising of the masses the
strength of which the lords have fail
ed to realize. They will realize It be
fore many hours. 1 believe we are on
the eve. of the. fiercest .fight we have
seen; In British politics lor a century,
that the fight will go against the lords,
that Jthey have pronounced their own
doom and that before two or three
years from, now their power of mis
chief will be so broken as practically
to be nonexistent v- : ''.
"This means the final emancipation
of the English . masses from the grip
of feudalism and, of Ireland from gov
ernment' of an alien parliament"
Public Parks For Germany, v
A committee has ;.een formed to se
cure national parks governed after the
style of lellowstooe park In ' all the
German' speaking countries. Such
parks 'are planned In the Austrian
Alps, In south Germany, in north Ger
many and in central Germany. - These
parks are to be open to the public
without any'charge whatever. .-
Salesman Traveling by Auto.
The' practice of using the automobile
as a conveyance for traveling salesmen
is' growing. A case Id point is that of
a touring car in which N. K.' Smith, a
traveling representative of a shoe com
pany, recently completed a trip from
Atlanta, Ga., to Richmond, Vav and
back, covering 1,200 miles and doing
business along the way. ;
Ttmely Friendly Warning. . v'u
That Christmas isn't fat away
I've had a warning; -. .
The janitor remarked to me, "
Detroit Free Press.
GALL FOR A CODE
OF AIRSHIP LAWS
Professor Baldwin of Yale Tells
Why One Is Needed.
OPENS NEW JUDICIAL FIELD.
Old Theory That Landlord Owns Air
Up Into the Heavens Ljkely to Give
Way Before Modern Progress How
State May Give Right to Fly.
Professor Simeon E. Baldwin of the
lale Law school and chief justice of
the supreme court of errors of Connec
ticut told an audience in the Yale Pea
body museum at New Haven, 3pnnr,
the other night that the lawyers would
soon have to get their wits together
and frame laws for the government of
airship navigation.' -,'.;.' ,.:'-
He said that lawyers had been busy
for the last 100 years making laws :for
the railroads, for the telegraph and for
the telephone, and. now they must -coa-sider
the law for the airship.
The airship, in the judgment of the
chief justice, is out of the field of ex-
periment and Into the field where it Is
bound to be used for transportation of
passengers, 'of goods, of spies, of Dur
glars, criminals flying from justice and
illicit trade of every kind, for ft files
asr irresponsibly as a bird. The ques
tion at once asked is bow" far the pre
cepts of private law can be- applied to
the airship. Can one worldwide law
be framed for the air as for the high
seas? , , -' - . ...
wuesxion oi navigating ine Mir.
Tne chief Justice asked If any one
had a right to navigate the air. - Then
he quoted various authorities who took
the position that private landowners
owned the air even to the heavens, the
acceptance of which authorities would
mean. In his opinion, that the naviga
tion of the air would be an -infringement
of private.jdghts.' These author
ities, however, were ancient; He went
on as follows:
"Physiologists tell us that man Is so
constructed that he never can develop
wings to fly and that in order to navi
gate the air man must fight continually
against the law of gravitation and that
his flights through the air must always
be a- menace to the safety of those be-,
neath. .; ' .
"The navigation of the airship is 'not
a ; natural , right :: ' The questlon-i is
whether a right to navigate thftsair
cannot.be secured from the state. The
state owns : the soiL. It can tax' itf. It
can reclaim It for the public use from
private owners by the payment of a
reasonable sum. . Successful . naviga
tion of the air will no doubt be useful
to the public " '
V "It - is granted that ; every railroad
operated under a franchise ..from the
state endangers' the safety of the public',-
but tlie public interest justifies
this. The question, then, is wlietber
the state, can give to airships a similar
right to navigate under certain condi
tions. This might be done under a'j
franchise or a license. Has" a "land
owner any right uu0er the.circum
stapcesV ; ' ,.: '.-: ' '' . "
Thing of Passage That Carries Danger.
"Perhaps the landowner nas no legal
right in the air .except as "the occu
pancy of the same may be a detriment
to .'his land;!. This seems to be in ac
cordance' with the tendency of the
times. An airship is a thing of pas
sage. It carries to each and all the
same measure of danger. : ., ,v
"Should a person be hit By an air
ship the prima facie evidence would
indicate that he could bring an action
against the proprietor of the ship, and
the master.who was sailing it whether
the person' was hit on his own or on
the land of some -one .else. . V 1 : ,
. "In one of the Wrights' flights' some
time ago the airship was directed' right
over the head of the German emperor,
and a slight accident might have chang
ed the whole history of 'Europe. The
emperor might have possibly encour
aged an action."
Aji the .opinion of the chief justice
the' government can ; permit tn4 use
of the air: by airships under certain
restrictions . without involving the
rights of landowners unless actual
damage results. -. . ' -..'- .;
:. Cause For Action. .
Should an .-'airship In passing over
the property' of a landowner ruin his
trees or should the proprietor of a
fleet " of airships continually menace
the safety of the landowner or dam
age his property then. In the opinion
of Professor. Baldwin, there would be
cause for action. Should the govern
ment establish an aerial highway over
the house of a citizen and his property
be damaged by bad odors or smoke or
other nuisances an Injunction might
be obtained. ,; . :.;': :
"Another - question," remarked . the
chief justice, "is whether the govern
ment' license, would protect the mana
ger of an airship who accidentally 'falls
and injures persons below." ;
Judge Baldwin advocated the calling
of an official International congress to
consider the International laws cover
ing aerial navigation and to frame ade
quate International agreements on the
' Great Dutch Exposition. '
Plans are under consideration for the
nolding of a great international exhi
bition at The Hague In 1913 in celebra
tion of the opening, of the Palace of
peace. y ,
WATSON THE .POET.
How Author of Much biscussed Poem
1 Was Awarded a. Pension.
William Watson, ' the English poet
whose name has . been much before
the public lately because of his recent
poem. "The Woman with the Serpent's
Tongue," in which he is popularly sup
posed to have attacked the character
of an Englishwoman of high rank,
denied before sailing- for New STork
the other day that his visit had any
thing to -do with Richard Le Galli
enne's challenge to personal combat.
, "My object in going to America," he
-said, "Is to show the wonders of the
new world to my young wife and to
study the custotns of that great coun
try and its democratic people." Speak
ing of his controversy .with Mr. Gal
lienne, Mr. - Watson laughed over it
and sad that It was so trivial as not
to deserve mention. He said that he
would certainly not call on Mr. Le
Gallienne. but would be pleased to see
him if he cared to call
Mr. Watson ls'now very comfortably
off. Some twelve years ago an uncle
who lived in Liverpool died, leaving
him a fair sized fortune, so, as he says,
he writes now only when he feels like
It and consequently is able to do his
best work. But such was not always
the case. In fact he enjoys a pen
sion of 100 a year. given him from
the civil -list by Lord Kosebery. when
prime minister. It was very accepta
ble then. -
In telling vhow it" came about Mr.
Watson said that one morning he re
ceived a note from Lord Rosebery ask
ing him to call at 10 owning street
When he presented himself Lord Rose
"I understand. Mr. Watson, that
things are not going so' well with you
as they might"
Mr. Watson confessed that this was
so, and Lord Rosebery said he had
been thinking the matter over and had
decided to give him a pension from
the civil-list,. adding:
"Ton know it Is a national recogni
tion of y&ur genius, and I have decided
to recommend "you for 100 a year
tne same as Tennyson had." V
"But Lord Tennyson had 200," sug
gested Watson.V - - .
"Did he?" said the "prime minister.
Both laughed heartily, but Watson got
only the smaller allowance. .
On the same occasion Lord Rosebery
sounded Watson on the laureatesbip,
saying: . .
"Don't you think it -should be abol
"Not .if you are thinking of offering
it to me," was Watson's rejoinder.
TO LASSO AFRfCAN ANIMALS.
Buffalo Jones Will Try Cowboy Meth
ods In Wilds of Dark Continent.
"I'm going to start for Africa next
March to rope and tie with my own
bands a specimen of. every dangerous
Wild animal In Africa." ,
This announcement was recently
made . by , C. J. (Buffalo) Jones, a
, friendi of Buffalo Bill, Pawnee Bill and
other famous plainsmen and an Indian
fighter of note.. - r -
' : The expedition' wlll be financed by
two men whose names I am not yet at
iberty to give," said Mr. Jones, '-and
I'm going to prove that any animal,
from" a tiger down to an antelope, can
be safely handled by an American
plainsman with no other weapon than
a lariat" ' ". : .
"How about the elephant?" Mr. Jones
was asked. - , '
"That" s the only animal of which
I'll have to choose a young one,"; he
said. "No rope could hold a full grown
elephant but all my' other specimens
will be full grown.-! -
"In Africa I'll do the first part of the
roping; alone: for the rest I'll have
two of the best ropers in the west
M. D. Loveless of Capitan. N. M., and
James T. -Owens of Fredonia, Ariz.
'We will have specially prepared lar
iats, partly woven of wire so that no
tooth or claw can cut or break them.
As to our mounts, we will have the
best trained cow horses we can find In
the west."'': j v-k 5. v--:
Buffalo Jenes Is now crossbreeding
buffaloes and cattle in Arizona for the
United States government
SWIFT WORK ON SKEES.
i ; . ' - - .... ' : X -
Norwegian Shot Down a Mountain Side
-. at a Two Mile a Minute Clip.
-'.Nets Larson, a Norwegian, gave a
remarkable exhibition the other morn
ing at Caldwell of proficiency in the
use of skees. He ran down the Western
slope of Caldwell mountain to Pine
Brook, N. J., a distance of nearly iour
miles, in four and three-quarter min
utes. The run was made in the snow
crust and was timed by George Race
and Harold Jones. : v
-Before sunrise the whole of north
ern New Jersey was coyered with a
8 tiff snow crust which would almost
bear up a horse. Larson started from
a point on the mountain brow Just
south of the Monomonock Inn at 6UJ0
o'clock. He arrived at the Pine Brook
hotel at 6:34.45. For the. first mile the
descent was very steep,, but the rest
of the journey was on - almost level
ground. Larson covered the first mile
In about half a minute. The Impetus
thus gained was sufficient to carry him
the second mile nearly as rapidly. The
last two miles were made by skating
on the skees.
Plan to Mark a Republic's Centenary. '
The 100,000 British residents of Ar
gentina have decided to erect a memo
rial clock tower on some prominent
site in Buenos Aires, to mark the first
centenary of Argentine 'Independence,
b- 1910. A monument will be erected
b? the Spanish community in Argen
tina a large and wealthy body while
the French Italian and other foreign
elements have similar plans on foot '
PR ATPS Is the
Place of Last Resort
. . y. .-, . . -. '
. You'll find that Xmas present here when
you have failed elsewhere. '
Our 1 5 Per Cent Discount means the sav
ing of money as well as worry. N
Ev W, S PRATT, Jeweler and Optician
L. L. BROOKS' SEED STORE
Sheet Music, Musical Mdse.
Prices and Terms to Suit
Call in and See Us.
The Mathews Music Store
v Capt Geo. Jyler, Mgr.
Is the place to visit. Orange groves in
full bloom, tropical flowers, famous ho
tels, historic" old missions, attractive
watering places, delightful climate,
make this favored section the Nation's
Most Popujar Winter Retreat. You
can see this section at its best via. the
"Road of a Thousand Wonders"
Southern Pacific Company
Up-to-date trains, -first class in :
, every respect, unexcelled dining
, car service, quick time and di-.-.
rect connections to all points -.
. south. ' .. t
Special Round Trip Rate of
ALBANY- TO LOS ANQELES AND
With, corresponding low rates f rom all
other sections of the Northwest, with
liberal stop-overs.in each direction and
long limit. ' Interesting and attractive
literature on the various winter resorts
of California can Jjje had on application
to any S. P. or O. R. & N. agent, or
. Wm. MMuerat
. General Passenger Agent t
Succeed when everything else fails.
In nervous prostration and female
weaknesses they are the supreme
remedy, as thousands have testified.
FOR KIDNEY, LIVER AND
it is the best medicine ever . sold
over a druggist's counter.
0. S. gold filled, hunting
1 12 gold filled open face
16 gold filled open face
18 goldlfilled open face 15 Jewel Waitham. ..... . .
14 karat gold wedding rings, per dwt.
Matthews. Optician and Jeweler
FIRST NATIONAL BANK BUILDING
Biggest and Best Paper in the WulametteValIey
For 2x31A size
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For Post Card ze
. . AT
Graham & Wells'
KEMP I MS
103 N. Second, Cor. Monroe
Holiday Goods in
. Rockers, Mirrors,
Rugs, Go-Carts, etc,, - .
i Nicely Done. -) '
, Your Trade Solicited
Insure Your Stock
To Whom It May Concern:
This is to certify that we have
this day appointed Mr. S. K. Hart
sock, of Corvallis, Benton County,
Oregon, as our representative, and
he is authorized to solicit business
and collect money for this : Associa
tion pertaining to live stock insur
National Live Stock Insurance Ass'n
By J. M. 0BER, Secretary,
Portland, Oregon, October 28, 1909.
G. R. FARBA, M. D., PHYSICIAN AND
, Surgeon. Office in Burnett Block,
over Harris Store. Residence corner
Seventh and' Madison. Office hours:
8 to 9 a. m.; i to 2 p. m. Phones:
Office, 2128, Residence, 404.
The Daily Gajette-Times. 50c month
20 year case, Elgin or
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