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About The daily gazette-times. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1909-1921 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 4, 1909)
hln rAfrnrn tn Ma Awn mnntrr ho wflff J
one of the young. bloods' and declaimed
so violently against the government
that he was banished and joined Pres
ident Barrios of Guatemala, .whose
dream was to become head of all the
I Central American republics, an ambi
I tion that Zelaya himself afterward en-
tertained. The young soldier became
J a member of Barrios' staff and follow
' ed him to bis death. Zelaya then re
I turned to his own country, led a revo
I lution and landed in the president's
Nicaragua is about the size of New
England - and has less than a half
million inhabitants, most of whom are
Indians. In the old days it was called
Mohammed's paradise, but if the fol-
4uan Estrada, Leader of the Move- lowers 01 ine propnei were to see n
rnent, Is the Prospective President.!"" would forswear tneir reugion.
-j i ux 1L ah. u j ! Nicaragua has no roads and in the in-.
Side Lights on the Man Who Had 7 ,,,., , fh j
Two Americans Summarily Executed. of CoUmbus. The principal .industries
! work. Zelaya has added one other oc-
WHAT SAVED THE
Part Played fey President Ze
laya, Despot and Dictator.
HOW THE . UPRiSiNG STARTED.
By JAMES A. EDGERTON.
Jose Santos Zelaya, president of Ni
caragua, has been called the mischief
maker of Central America. It may turn
out that when he had two American
citizens shot without proper trial he
made mischief once too often. As an
ordinary thing your Uncle Samuel does
not grow highly excited over these
latin American revolutioris, but when
some two by four despot like Zelaya
Imagines he can Sboot. Americans in I
cupatlon to those two that of paying
taxes. He is a great money maker and
has amassed a private fortune of mil
lions. He is brave, however, . has
shown some military ability and made
of his army something more than the
joke it is in some Latin American
QUICKER TELEGRAMS NOW.
I ZrmZ I
4 ' 's I
t Device to Make a Telegraph Office Out
of Every Telephone Station.
. A revolutionary change in the tele
graphic facilities of New Y ork city was
recently predicted by persons holding
high office in the new merger of tele
phone and telegraph interests, formed
by the American Telephone and Tele
eraDh companv securing the Western
' Union. The messenger running, or,
more often walking, to the telegraph
office with the dispatch is to be elimi
nated. According to these plans, it will soon
be possible for the telephone subscrib
er to write out his dispatch on. an
electric machine, which will reproduce
it simultaneously in the office of the
j telegraph company. This will virtually
mane a eiegrapu uiuce uui ui every
telephone station and will add enor-'
monsly to the facilities of the tele
graph companies. , .' : .-
Persons In authority said "that it
would be only a short time before-such
a device would be placed at the com-
' mand of all the large business bouses
of the United States.
- josh santos zelaya. I it is believed that such an instru-
: th nm hi,-h hnndpd manner h iva 1 ment can ' be supplied to large sub-
"nis own subjects it is time to put the scribers at virtually no extra expense.
, fMr of Rod into his heart. t ' . ' while it will be possible for small sub-
- Zfiia has hPMi lord hich boss of i scribers to have it at a relatively low
Mtnannn.i rv ;-nn iranxo . TVw- la - COSt.
St the official name for his job. but is I Tne cnarSe for sucn a writing ma.
more nearly descriptive of it than his chne witn a dire telegraph counec
fflpiai tio To hi nrwisp.. he is ion n probably in any case ex
known as president and is supposed to ' cee " c"ses wuere laree
Q- nf ko 1 to four hundred messages are sent
mthf,,i,hiPh a mnrB (mnnrtflnt at, each day there will be no- extra ex
ucuoc w ua tc v ci vuc icauu v. uio
iput himself .In by bayonets and has
maintained his power by bullets. True, j
he fnrmn of an . election have been '
gone through at stipulated-times but
nnnnitinn fnr the rpnRftn
that if anybody else had dared to be
. a . candidate Zelaya . would have had
him taken out and shot. . '
, During much of the time he has been '
In office Zelaya has been engaged in
improvement will be to provide all
telephone subscribers with almost in
stantaneous telegraph service, and
there is no doubt that it will divert to
the telegraph company a large volume
of the business that, is now handled
at much larger expense over the long
distance telephone System. One very
important development expected : to
follow the working out of the alliance
between the telephone company and
f""1"6 "ZriliTn I tne telegraph company is the ultimate
t K,ia rr .oo reduction in the expense of sending a
one' of these annual uprisings or try
Ing to do so at the time he got gay
with the two Americans Leroy Can
non and Leonard Groce and had them
-shot one morning before breakfast,- It
-Is hard to tell why all these Latin
American executions ri occur- before
breakfast. Possibly it is for the pur-"
-pose of giving the executioners an ap
petite, ' ' ; '
How the Trouble Begins.
telegraph, message. ' : , -
i Oue of the highest officers of the
telephone company said that he be
lieved, it would be possible after awhile
for the telegraph company to accept
. messages on the basis of a twenty-flve
I cent charge for a fifteen wrd mes-
sage, instead of a . ten word message.
i -. . ......
i WEDDING THAT WAS A POEM.
Owe Their Lives to Govern
ment's Rescue Corps,
RUSHED TO SCENE OF DISASTER
As Soon as Word Was Received of the
Catastrophe Men Trained at Experi
ment Station In Pittsburg In Use of
Oxygen Helmets Were Sent to St.
Paul Coal Mine. -
The ordinal number ,6f the1 present Ceremony In:. Epio Introduced by
IJicaraguan revolution is not known.
It may be the seventeenth or the sixty
iourth, but anyway it- is something
Middletown (N. NY.). Pastor,
A genuinely poetic marriage was - the
one at Calvary Baptist church in Mid-
Jiigh. When the band plays at an unu- . uietown, w x., xne otner morning,
eual time down there it is usually the ! uniting Clarence -B.'Crance, a young
signal for a new .revolt. Somebody i business man of Middletown, and Miss
wants to be president, and. Inasmuch I Luella May Clark, daughter of Mr. and
as he will be shot If he goes about it I MfSj Isaac M. Clark. . .
in a peacefulway, he tries to shoot' The Rev. John A. Courtright pastor
first. - -.rr . of the church, performed the cere-
This uprising vas started by the Es-' mony, which was nearly all in poetry,
strada family, which has furnished ' and the service was so impressive that
some of Zelaya's chief officials. There
awere five of the Estrada brothers, but
one of them is now dead. "The young-
it promises to become a popular fad
with those eligible for the ceremony,
Mr. Courtright only recently assumed
est of the five, Juan Estrada, is the the pastorate of the church, and bis
leader of the movement and prospec
tive president. The two Americans
Cannon and Groce, who were large
properry owners in Nicaragua and else
'where in Centra America, joined the
Estrada standard, and ' one of them
was placed oh the commander's staff.
has been a decided hit.
, " : c
' Memorial to a Great Golfer.
It was agreed .at a committee meet-
i ing held in St. Andrews, Scotland, to
erect a bronze panel representing, the
Zelaya surprised the : insurgent army head and shoulders in life size of the
3y crossing into Costa Rica and at- I late Tom Morris. -The. panel will be
-tacking it, and the two Americans placed on the west gable of the royal
-were captured among others. Instead and, ancient clubhouse. The balance
of being treated as prisoners of -war" ;; of the memorial fund after paying the
they were summarily executed. It is . expenses for this erection will be used
. this which has. caused the rushing of to endow1 a bed in St. Andrews Cottage
American gunboats to Nicaraguan wa-., hospital to be-known. as .the Tom Mor-
iters and which occasioned the. sharp rls bed and upon which golf profes
note from Secretary Knox stating that j slonals and caddies are to have first
-the United States would not for one i claim. w; - '
minute tolerate such action. The exe
cution of prisoners unless they are ;
dspies Is contrary to International law
And opposed to civilized warfare."
- Zelaya a Chronic Disturber. -
This Is not the first trouble we have
' Aad-with Zelaya,. but on former occa
sions be has evaded giving satisfac
tion, on the pretense tbat''tiae'Atue'rlc'an"
demands were aggressions. ' From well
authenticated reports that have come
. -from his dominions he has revived the
-terrors of the Spanish Inquisition and
tias tried to make of himself a cheap
-composite of Torquemada, the Duke
'. New Pin Money League. -:
A number" of well known society wo
men of Bloomfield, N. J.; have organ
ized', the National Pin Money league.
The object is to enable persons shut in
by illness -to earn- money for their
needs by1 making fancy articles, rugs,
etc... Miss Lillian W. BabcocK Is presi
dent, with headquarters at 343 Belle
ville avenue, Bloomfield.
it is believed by United States gov
ernment officers in Washington that
the miners who were recently saved
from death in the St. Paul coat mine
at Cherry, 111., owe their lives to the
work of the government's rescue corps
connected with the geological survey.
These men, who are stationed at Pitts
burg, where the survey has an experi
ment station for investigating , the
causes of mine disasters, were rushed
to Cherry as soon as word ot the catas
trophe was received..
Each member of the corps bad been
trained in tbe-use of what is known as
the oxygen helmet, an apparatus that
permits artificial breathing in the pres
ence of deadly gases. . Equipped with
such helmets the government's life sav
ers were able to enter the shaft of the
burning mine and fight the fire at close
range. ' " -" "'
Officials said that bad the methods
that have been in use in the past been
employed the mine shaft would have
been sealed until the fire had been
smothered for want of oxygen. This,
of course, would have meant a' delay
sufficient to. have caused the death' of
every man under ground. v :
Much Time Saved In Reaching Miners.
Geological survey officers said that
the ability of the government's rescue
corps to enter the mine, filled as it was
with smoke and- gas, saved at least
several days' time in reaching the en
tombed men. To these officers the res-'
cue- at Cherry is the .most practical
demonstration ever given anywhere in
the world of the efficiency of the oxy
They asserted that this experience
would go a long way toward showing
mine owners and miners the necessity
for having a complete equipment of
oxygen helmets at each mine, together
with a corps of men trained in their
use. vlt is their belief that hundreds of
lives can be saved in this manner and
the terrible death rate- in American
mines thereby 'reduced ' to a" figure
somewhat approaching the compara
tively low rate of casualties in Euro
pean coal mines.
With the government's method this
agonizing wait at the shaft for the
gas to dissipate is done ; away with
and it is' not necessary to pour fresh
air into the mine, for the members of
the rescue corps in their oxygen hel
mets can enter any atmosphere, how
ever deadly; and remain for a period
of two hours. If there has been an
explosion of gas the members of the
corps enter the mine at once and look
for small fires that usually follow ex
plosions. ; These. fires are extinguished
at once, and then the ventilating cur
rent is turned on :without any danger.
In other words, the mine's normal con
dition is restored -at the earliest possi
ble moment,, and the men 1 wbo are in
the farthermost recesses of the mine,
where the black damp has not yet pen
etrated, are Able to walk out.
The station erected at Pittsburg con
sists of ah explosive gallery. : where
the powders used In blasting, the coal-j.
are tested and standardized, and also a
large room for the training of miners
In rescue work. - '
. Equipment of the Rescuer.
The oxygen helmet and auxiliary ap
paratus weigh between thirty-five and
forty pounds. . The helmet is a metal
lic case inclosing - the head with an
isinglass front The helmet proper is
connected with tubes' leading ito two
tanks of oxygen, which are carried on
the back in a manner similar to a sol-
dier's knapsack,- the straps supporting
It goingover the shoulders, i.
Each tank contains oxygen sufficient
to last one hour. An indicator attached
to the oxygen tanks shows the wearer
of the helmet just how much time he
may remain In the mine. This is abso
lutely necessary, for if the rescuer has
walked half a mile into a mine and it
has taken him thirty minutes to trav
erse the distance he must figure on
thirty or forty minutes' time to return.
In addition to the tanks of oxygen,
there Is a cartridge of potassium hy
drogen which takes tip the poisonous
matter from the' breath and absorbs
it, thus keeping the oxygen In Its pu
rity to do the two hours' work. These
helmets are in general use in Euro
pean coal producing countries and are
credited with saving many lives.
ZELAYA A GREAT FIGHTER."
President of Nicaragua, Who Executed
Two American Citizens.
The revolt which recently broke out
ta Nicaragua came as a climax to a
series of persecutions inaugurated by
Jose Santos Zelaya. titular president
and actual dictator of Nicaragua,
against whom President Taft and Sec
retary of State Knox have decided to
take drastic . action for bis summary
execution of the two Americans, Leroy
Cannon and Leonard Groce. Zelaya
Is fifty-one years old, and the wonder
ful thing about his life Is that be has
lived so long after making himself so
many fervent enemies.
Zelaya belongs to the aristocracy of
his country. As a boy he was sent to
Paris and received his education there,
but his success has been obtained by
means of the- sword rather than the
pen. It Is likely that he inherited a
considerable fortune, but this has been
built up since he became ruler of Nic
aragua until now It .must be estimated
in the millions. He owns enormous
coffee plantations alone and controls
the exclusive rights to many of the
This Is not the first time that Zelaya
has defied the United States. That has
been one of bis principal diversions, as
a matter of fact. .. Whenever the Unit
ed States has sought redress be has
set up the cry of aggression.
Zelaya gained his ascendency in 1897
by winning a big battle. He is a fight
er " and a tactician, and if he has
drenched his country and the other lit
tle countries that are unfortunate
enough to border it in the blood of
thousands of their inhabitants he has
done It on a military scale that is sel
dom attained In Central America.
Ever since he first became president
he has- been combating revolutions or
else fighting with some other state
that had pluck enough to resist his
domineering attitude. In 1899 the Con
servatives of Nicaragua rose in rebel
lion and were defeated with much
slaughter. He bullied Honduras and
Salvador and Guatemala and even
manipulated their politics. After 1901,
when he was re-elected president, his
rule was unquestioned.
All sorts of stories have been circu
lated about his cruelties. If one tithe
of them have been true, then certainly
Zelaya has maintained a rule that for
sheer ferocity has surpassed anything
alleged against Russian grand dukes.
Those' for whom he had personal en
mities he is said to have caused to be
removed at will. He is credited with
having reintroduced the methods of
the .inquisition and the practices of
the Spanish viceroys of the eighteenth
century. The dungeon and the firing
squad and trial by court martial have
been his Instruments of justice. -
MEMORIAL TO WASHINGTON
11 - :-V
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12 gold filled
16 gold filled
20 year case, Elgin or
open face 20 year case, Elgin or
open face 20 . year case, Elgin or
18 goldlfilled open face 15 Jewel Waltham'.
14 karat gold wedding rings, per dwt- . . .
Matthews, Optician and Jeweler
FIRST NATIONAL BANK BUILDG .
' If you are in dcubt as to what you should buy
the Men folks for CHRISTMAS, drop into
Cbe men's Shop
And let us help you make your
selections. . We have a large
line of Suitable Gifts for r the
Man and Young Man.
Novel Social Fad. ' ,
, An Atchison (Kan.) man who will
give a man party shortly will have
Alva and CiDriano Castro. Zelaya i portieres made of-Wienerwurst and
'is better educated than Castro, being ; will give "a prize' to the one guessing
- he son of a planter -and having , re- nearest to the number of sausages in
-eeived bis schooling in fans. Alter ine uecorauons,
Costly. Building to Be Erected In Honor
-".'.-.- of First President.'
The George - Washington Memorial
association announced the' other 4ay
that it ?had begun a campaign to raise
$2,500,000 tor the erection of a memo
rial building at Washington as bead-
quarters for scientific, educational, pa
triotic, art and literary organizations
of the United States.
With the support of the Washington
Academy of Sciences, National Federa
tion of Art. National Academy of Sci
ences, American Medical , association,
Association of American Physicians
and other bodies it Is planned to raise
by . popular subscription a building
fund before Feb. 22, 1910. the one hun
dred and seventy-eighth anniversary of
the birth of George Washington.
Senator Eliliu Root. Dr. S. Weir
Mitchell. Dr. William Welch. Professor
Alexanderv-Agassiz. GeneraT Horace
Porter, Professor H. Fairfield Osborn
andDr.- Ira Remsen have volunteered
to serve on an advisory council with
Mrs. -Henry F. Dimock, who is leading
the movement. '
Among the 80,000,000 of Americans
we feel sure we will find enougb.sup-
port to assure the $2,500,000 . required
to give George Washington this much
needed memorial," said Mrs. Dimock,
who has headquarters at 25 East Six
tieth street. New York city. "There is
not a national organization in the land
that will not benefit by the accommo
dations of tbis structure that we pro
pose to rear to the memory of .Wash.
ington. It has long been a constant
source of shame to the American peo
ple that their capital held no fit meet
ing place for national and . interna
tional conventions in the cause of gen
era! f knowledge, . and In remedying
this practical defect we can at last
gratify the dearest wish of Washing
- New Industry In China.
Among the new industries that have
sprung into being in Hongkong lately
is a shoe factory, where footgear for
Chinese Is turned out by modern ma
chinery at" a" rate unprecedented for
Hongkong. In this connection the
manufacture of European boots . and
shoes on a wholesale scale Is In con
: Crime Page Each Newspaper.
. Placing ail the crime in a newspaper
on one page was the idea presented to
the Federation of Women's Clubs in
annual session at, Rochester, N. T., the
other day by Mrs. A. C. Fisk, newspa
per and magazine writer. The federa
tion after Mrs. Flak's address adopted
resolutions In favor of the plan, which,
if addpted by newspapers, would allow
subscribers to tear out the crime page
of the paper before their children could
read df the murders, robberies, elope
ments, 'divorces and otijer too frank
"idult doings.- r: Y '": ' "
.Young Prima Donna.
Among the- youngest prima donnas
is an English girl,-. Miss : Maggie
Teyte, who is now singing in London.
Though scarcely twenty years old,
Miss Teyte has made her debut at the
Paris Opera Comiaue. There she nlav-
ed Mary Garden's role of .MellSande
and won a great triumph.
' - Aeroplane Omnibus Next. '
Ballin Hinde, speaking at a meeting
of a cycle and motor company at Coy.
entry, England. - the other day, ' said
that he believed tbat within the next
few years aeroplanes would be built
to serve as omnibuses for the carrying
of passes ger8.v i; f '
We haye been very careful in selecting a line of Holiday Goods that
will please you and, at the same time, be within reach of your purse. We
carry no cheap, shoddy goods, but every article is of the very best quality,
such as SIMMONS' WATCH CHAINS, ROGERS BROTHERS' 1847 SIL
VERWARE, ELGIN AND WALTHAM WATCHES, HOARE'S RELIABLE
CUT GLASS, which has no superior. - '
We do first-class engraving that gives the effect and adds so much to
the appearance of your articles.
Now Is the Time to Select Your Gifts
Before we are rushed, as we can give you better service,
tion to give you honeat goods and honest prices.
It is our inten
SMITH, THE JEWELER,
151 Madison Street,
Side of Postoffice.
CORVALLIS LYCEUM COURSE
r1ftir in Vto Kannv trifrf nT" pvprv.
lie one should hear LYBARGER. Dec 8.
should know and appreciate Shakes
6 peare. Everyone should hear FRED
ERICK WARDE, Jan 26.
eninvs the mvsteries of mapic: everv-
one one will enjoy the greatest maeician.
will em'nv THE COLLEGE SINGING
One GIRLS; everyone will hear THE COL
LEGE SINGING GIRLS, April 2nd.
' SINGLE ADMISSION TO ALL FOUR NUMBERS
WILL COST $3.50. SEASON TICKETS FOR THE
FOUR NUMBERS, INCLUDING RESERVED SEATS
NOW ON SALE AT GRAHAM & WORTHAM'S, , '
Biggest and Best Paper in the Willamette'Valley