Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The daily gazette-times. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1909-1921 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 15, 1909)
Arctic Sport as Described by
Nimrod John R. Bradley.
HIS JOURNEY WITH DR. COOK
How He and the Explorer Killed Polar
Bears and 'Walrus Near Etah A
Baby Walrus In a Motorboat Es
kimos as Game Protectors.
By JOHN R. BRADLEY.
Who paid the cost of the Cook expedition.
IBy courtesy of Recreation Magazine.
I started some years ago to shoot in
all parts of the world in order to col
lect specimens of game, so 1 thought
St best to begin at home, in America.
1 shot in Mexico Xpw Mot a
na, the Rocky mountains and up in ; Saw about thirty walrus on a pan of
I w . l ijum c. x sum 10
j niy first officer, "Go up on the ice."
j We had heard how dangerous the
I walrus1 were that they could easily
j kick a plank out of the boat. The
! first officer was rather afraid and said.
ir a wairus gets in the boat I will
harpoon in the walrus they let go the
float. They have a big sealskin blown
up with air, a big air bag. and they
let that go, and on that is a sort of
sail, a four cornered thing made of
sealskin, so that it will hold the wal
rus back from swimming too fast.
After getting the harpoon into the
walrus they back away. The animal
has to get up every five minutes to
breathe, and it tries to get up on the
ice, and the men then throw m
' ivory lance, and they keep on doing
mat until tne animal bleeds to death.
I watched them one day for about
two hours, getting one big walrus. I
was in my motorboat at the time, and
l said, "I can beat that way; 1 can
kill walrus quicker than the natives
can harpoon them." The first officer
was at the wheel and Dr. Cook at the
stern, and I had the whole boat, which
was about thirty feet long, to myself.
I had a harpoon, but was going to try
to kill them with a rifle. You must
hit them in the head otherwise they
will go into the water and you must
kill them with a steel hullpt
maneuvered through the ice until we
Sins of th e father s dissolution notice
Alaska, then went to Africa and the
Altai mountains of northern Mongolia
and Siberia. Then came the trip to the
arctic with Dr. Frederick A. Cook, the
If you are goinsr un there risrht vnn
GEORGE A. PARKER.
Copyright, 1909, by American Press Asso
ciation. From an old manuscript:
I was born and reared on tho
of Norway.; Until I was twenty years
old I had never been in a town, and
then only in a small villaere. ' iv as
sociates were untutored people, and I
received but tne elements of educa
tion, .nevertheless thev nMmnj ii.
npon me as superior to thnmuiv
Whether that was because I bore the
marks of having been born of snnsi-w
siock or mat my name was English I
oia not Know. My father died when I
was ten years old. and I remomhopoH
him as always with a sad look on his
face, which was reflected in my moth
er's. When I grew older I asked her
wny my father and she had alwavs Bn.
peared sad. She could not brini hw
BnIP . .. . .. 11 . 1
cii iu ieu uie me reason, nni I i-o-
mained in ignorance.
V ben I was twenty my mother dlnri
and I resolved to leave the desolate
piace where I had been born and sppIt
a more active field. Before going I
take chances of losing it eoinsr throne-h
the ice. The insurance companies will
noi insure your vessel at any old price
I said: "Thev can't patnv, tu, u..
i 1.U10 uuai.
j Go right around and around and I will
no tne rest of it." There were about
In my case they said I was going too ! , Y re Were about
-far north. You must tak tJnZL ! thi?y. waIrus" 1 three of them
far north. You must take the chances
of losing your life as well as your
vessel, for you are navigating through
waters that are not charted, over rocks
not discovered and through fogs five
days out of seven in the week. Then
when you get the game you must get
out on the ice or in a small boat
, How Eskimos Kill Bears.
W Xhe Eskimos make breeches out of
bearskin, and in the winter time they
must kill these bears for their clothing.
' The dogs run the bears down, and four
or five dogs hold them up while the
native lances and bleeds them to death.
.You can do it the same way with a
: gun. The dogs run your bears up. and
"then you shoot them. That is one way
of doing it. Another way is to go out
; in a small boat and get out on the
1 'L)m- &?v&3J&Zs
JOBM B. BRADLEY, HUNTER AND EXPL.OEEB
ice and chase them up. They are not
as dangerous as people think they are.
The polar bear, for instance, doesn't
eem ( to charge as the grizzly bear
does. The polar bear has to swim to
vou, seated in your boat, and I killed
one of them once when 1 was in by
pajamas. I was lying, one morning in
the schooner in which we were cruis
ing, reading a book, when the man at
the helm hollered out "Polar hear.'" r
came out on deck and saw one on the
putting on my clothes. There were
two men out in a dory, all excited.
I said. "Don't get excited; row up to
the bear." '
The bear weighed eight or nine hun
dred pounds, and hp was on a cake of
ice about three or four acres square
and four or five hundred yards from
the vessel. As we rowed up 'to the
Tear he jumped off the ice and came
toward us. Now and then he would
rise partly out of the water to see
what we were doing. At about seventy-five
yards I hit him low in the
shoulder, and he then swam to a lit
tle piece of ice. I hit him again, and
3ie swam back to the big piece of ice.
3 old the men to get up closer, but
fhey were afraid the bear would upset
sthe boat I said, "Row up alongside
ofihim," and finally we got on the ice.
where I killed him. Then I put a
rope around him and towed him to
the ship, and we yanked him up on
the vessel. The dogs on the' vessel
vere sitting there waiting until we
-ould cut him up to get some to eat.
Harpooning the Walrus.
'The most, exciting sport is harpoon
ring walrus, and this is the best sport
- in the arctic. Thev weierh hetwpon
j and the others charged the boat, but
as we went around they could not
catch us. We secured the wounded
walrus, cut them up and put them in
the dory. We cached the meat for Dr
Baby Walrus In a Boat.,
The natives stack it up the same as
, """ "u neeze it. i chased up a
j herd or females once the males are
generally together and the females are
together with their young I chased
this bunch of eisht or nine fpmni
i I didn't know they were females until
after I had killed some of them. We
got up pretty close and circled arnnnrl
and as we did so I wounded some of
tnem, among others pne youngster.
Then the whole bunch stood round the
.youngster, which weighed about 200
pounds. The mother was around this
youngster, holding it up, and that gave
me the chance to kill the old ones.
Those in the dory began putting the
harpoons in the old ones so they would
not sink. I just wounded this young
ster, which could not swim. Dr. Cook
and I pulled him in the launch, and it
almost upset the boat he was about
five or six Wnths old and all at once
he began to flap and set up his fins. I
was sitting on him, and he threw me
off. I had. to hit him over the head
with an ax and kill him or he would
have upset the boat. The natives all
laughed. They thought it was such
great fun getting this live walrus In
a boat. We were about eight or ten
miles from the vessel, so we tied those
we had killed and pulled them up on
the shore, eight In all. I went out the
next day and killed five in the same
place. I finally killed all there were
In the herd. This was about eight
miles from Etah, about 78.18 north lat
. Then I used to go out and get arc
tic hares, which are really big rabbits.
Thenatives make boots out of the
sealskin and use the hares for their
socks. Their underclothes consist, of
a shirt, for which they use auk. That
is what they wear during the winter
time, and Dr. Cook and ail of his men
wore the same. Sometimes there
would be a school of walrus of one
or two hundred, all together, very
close to the vessel. They would come
up to Dreatne, and I used to have a
lot or fun harpooning them. We would
tie them to the boat after harpooning
rnem. ana tney'd give us a good ride
1 got my gun without thinking of 1 tuey were quite liable to pull our
no- nn mv nlAtl,.. T'l ; DOat OV'OP.
Dr. Cook and the Musk Ox.
The natives kill all this game with
narpoons, for they have no other way,
though in late years some of them
have had Winchester rifles that Peary
gave them. They are very curious and
try to take the rifle apart to see how
it is made, and then the rifles get out
of commission. I left Dr. Cook fifteen
rifles and plenty of ammunition; which
he " lent to the natives, with four or
five cartridges each; and when they
went out shooting they must bring in
game for it. and then the rifles were
taken away from them until they went
There are plenty of musk oxen up in
EUesmere Land, which Dr. Cook en
countered on the dash to the pole".
When the natives kill these animals
they freeze them and use every bit of
them and pile them up for the dogs
and the . natives. They make caches
at different points In crossing the Is
land. Hunting musk oxen in EUesmere
Land is not at all like hunting-them
in the far north of Canada.' Away up
there in EUesmere they-are not near
ly so active L and are , more stunid.
-sixteen and seventeen hundred pounds, ' There is less sport in shooting them.
"with irood bis ivorv tnsUs Tho na
tives kill them for meat for themselves
and their dogs. Two go in a kayak
of course, but Dr. Cook was concerned
only in getting food. , , - :
The casual reader may have formed
mu gei ciose up on a Duncn- or wai- j the conclusion that we did a lot of
.us. -geueiiui, uu me ice sunning unnecessary Dromlscnous killinir rm
themselves. They get ud to the wai
tus and maneuver around, setting up
sl piece of skin on the boat so that
the animals can't see them. When
. they get in strikingdistance, at least
twenty-five feet, they harpoon them.
Harpoons are made of wood for the
handle driftwood, probably some huu
- dreds of 'years old, which has been
: handed down from one generation to
the other. J The. lances are made of
ivory or cariboo horn. The line they
"use' to tie-the. harpoon on to the float
3s of walrus hide. After they get the
the contrary, we shot nothing which
we did not need. There is nothing to
be had for food and for making cloth
ing in the far north but wild animals
and fish. The -most successful men, in
s that part of the world are the. best
hunters.' . These primitive people, with
all their low mentality, have much
better ideas of game protection than
the average American. And it is well,
indeed, for their whole existence de
pends upon the fauna of that unhos-
. pitabie region. Needless to say, they
are all good hunters.
made inquiries of a neighbor concern
ing my parents' sojourn In those na rta
and was told that they had come there
several years before my birth and had
for a time lived as gentle folk, hut snh.
sequently they dwelt as did their
neignDors. My father had from his
coming appeared to have a cloud on
his mind. My mother had told me be
fore her death that a sum of money
had been put in a bank for me at the
nearest town, and, going there. I
claimed ft and took passage for Eng
land. . . .
uu my arrival in London I went
about looking for work. Going Into
the office of a merchant for the pur
pose, ne asked me mv name. When t
told him he looked up at me in sur
"Where were you born?" he asked.
I told him all I knew about mvself
He regarded me with compassion and
gave me employment.
jii lutei-vius wnen introduced to a
person I was regarded with a certain
interest or curiosity I could not tell
which. '1 noticed that such persons
were always of superior education.
No illiterate person even, manifested
any especial interest in me. "Some
times these people who did would turn
away from me with apparent' disgust,
while, others regarded me compassion
ately. One day I asked my employer
for an explanation of the mystery that
hung over me. After thinking some
time he told me that it would be bet
ter for me not to know It He advised
me to change my name.
1 tried to' be contented to remain in
Ignorance, but the secret weighed upon
me, and 1 longed, yet dreaded, to know
it. Finally I decided to try another
country, thinking that whatever it was
hung over me would not be known
there. America seemed the most in
viting ground, and 1 went to New
York, reaching there shortly before the
breaking out of the second war with
England. Registering at a hotel, the
clerk looked up from my name to ma
in astonishment. ' "
"Well," 1 exclaimed. Irritated, "what
What is it? Why, nothing, will
you go to your room, sir?"
I found In America that more Deonle
showed that dreaded interest in m v
name than in England, and a different
interest. On being introduced to me
uiusi persons snowea . a rennlsion
though many strove to conceal it.
burned with a desire to know what it
all 'meant; but. remembering the advice
of my London employer, 1 refrained
from asking, and no one offered to en
lighten mei To occupy my mind I
went to a library to read. There I
stumbled on the secret.
The wisdom of the advice given me
by my former employer was now ap
parent. Under an assumed name I
enlisted in the American army to fight
against England. I knew now that,
though ! had been born abroad, Amer
ica was my native land. I burned to
do some important work for her. to
die ior ner on the field of battle.
. There were no important engagements
except that at New Orleans, which was
lougnt alter peace was declared. As
I had entered th army, a private, I
came out a . private. Under my as
sumed Darne l went into business and
then I fell In love. I had vowed
that i would never bring a child into
the world to suffer the blight under
which I suffered, and 1 strove to crush
the natural longing that had taken pos
session or me. My sufferings were
tenfold what they had been before.
Meanwhile it was evident that I had
woa the heart of the girl I loved. It
was essential that I should exnl.nin m
conduct toward her. I told her mv
She loved me all the more, 'from pity,
that I suffered from another's fault
She reminded me that each successive
decade would carry me and mine fur
ther from the original transgression
and that my successors would feel it
less than those of my own -generation.
Persuaded by this view. I asked
her to marry me. I continued to live
for a time under my assumed name,
but When 1 joined the tide
tion settling westward I resumed my
own. . .
This is my secret In the Revolution
ary war an officer of great merit and
prominence on the natriot side tnrnori
traitor, attempted to deliver to the
British an important strategic nositinn
and fled to the enemy. Living In Eng
land, iwhere he was -desniserl ho
brought up a family. My father, one
of his descendants, shrinking from the
stain, went where he would be un
known. He must have been an espe
cially sensitive man, and I doubtless
The partnership of Johnson and John
son, owners of the Toggery, Corvallis,
Oregon has been this day dissolved,
K. U Herron having acquired the in
terests of J. C. Johnson and B W
Johnson in the business, Which will" be
hereafter conducted bv r. v Ti.i.
and R C. Herron, under the firm name
ot Johnson & TW m..
firm assumes and the liabilities of the
Johnson & Johnson.
; ' Johnson & Hereon
Corvallis, Ore., Sept, 1, 1909 9.3.10t
Upens Sept. 7th
The Academy of Our T.nw t
rerpetual Help will re-nhpn nn
September 7th: . By means of the
new additioifand the Twnri;
of the buildin g the school is
equipped with all modern im
provements, and with a corns of
competent teachers may be de
pended upon to do thorough work
both in the grades and hip school
For particulars annlv
Superior, 225 West Ninth St"
AiDany, Uregon. 8-19 to 9-19.
Homes Newport Property.
Sixty choice lots more or lesa in
port, Oregon, (one of the most health
ful and popular summer and winOI.
sorts) for sale or will exchange for oth
er good property. Property near Cor
vallis preferred. Will supply funds to
buyers of these lots to
thereon. Address M. S. Wnnnrnrv
Corvallis, Oregon. " thurs. tf
GEO. W. DENMAN
Attorney at Law
CORVALLIS. ORRRON .
Office in Fischer building over Graham
- & Wortham drug store
The Daily Gazette-Times
By carrier or mail, 50e per mo
Let us send jt to you
At the Seashore
Is a delightful resort and a happy combination of pleas
ure ground possibilities. VAn ideal climate-diversion of
and exploring, make Newport a most charming and
popular play ground. . '
Southern Pacific Co.
Special Summer Excursion Rate to Newport of
From CORVALLIS, OREGON
Ask for our booklet "Outings in Oregon."
R. C. LINVILLE, Agent, CORVALLIS, ORE.
WM. M'MURRAY, General Passenger Agent
"THE srrrnnT. ni? cw tat ttv f
Tenth aad Mornson, Port W, Oregon 3 S A. P. Armstrong, LL.B., Principal
Old id years new in methods, admittedly the high-standard
commercial school of the Northwest. Open all the year. More
calls for help than we can meet-position certain. Class and
individual instruction. Bookkeeping from written forms and by
office practice. Shorthand that excels in every respect. Special
penmanship department. Write for illustrated catalogue.
j - RJorcrcf and' R..1 D . 1 iirn . ..
- - . v.y I 00 v,ojici mme wuiamette Valley
Forty-eighth Annual Exhibition
Will Be Greater Than Ever
$35ooo in Premiums
13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 1909
Grand Showing of Live Stock
Racing Program Complete
iced Rates On All Railroads
COME AND BRING YOUR FRIENDS
W. F. MATLOCK,
F. A. WELCH,
have inherited his disposition. ' '