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About The daily gazette-times. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1909-1921 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 11, 1909)
DRY FARMING DEBATE
features of Congress to Be Held
at Billings, Mont. J
EXPOSITION FOR VISITORS.
Delegates Will Confer on Methods by
Which Arid Land Can Be Profitably
Utilized Plan to Make the Meeting
International In Scope.
The official call for the fourth annual
session of the dry farming congress
to be held at Billings, Mont, Oct 26,
27 and 28 next Is addressed to the
president of the United States, diplo
matic representatives of foreign na
tions, ministers and secretaries of ag-
( 1 --.-. , f ..it e
states, presidents of agricultural col
leges, state land boards, state engi
neers, state boards of agriculture, hun
Mreds of national, state and county
agricultural associations or grange
lodges, live stock associations, horti
cultural societies, county commission
ers, mayors of cities, presidents of
towns, all commercial bodies, railroad
and immigration companies and mem
bers of the dry farming congress. In
addition to these, the call is sent to'
about 30,000 individual farmers and
others interested in agriculture in the
What the Congress Is Called For.
"The call outlines' the objects of the
ongress as follows:
To discuss and compare methods by
"which the great area of arid land can be
2 profitably utilized under thorough tillage.
by which the natural rainfall can be con-
i To encourage the use of methods by
which in districts where rainfall is slight
-or irrigation water is limited the actual
"M-nductivA aereaee can be increased. .
To create closer co-operation between
the government and state experts in
charge of dry farming experimental work
.and the actual farmers of the arid dis
tricts. To enlarge the plans for carrying on a
great educational propaganda by which
eventually the arid districts of the entire
world can be populated by prosperous
and contented agriculturists.
. Mo encourage legislation looking to in
creased federal and state appropriations
lor tne estaDiisnment or more experimen
tal stations, tne employment oi more neiu
"experts and the actual co-operation of all
tnese stations in nxmg ana maintaining a
certain recognized standard of methods
: :f or obtaining results from the operation
' of farms in the arid districts.
To study methods and results of dry
- farming operations in the various west-
ern states and in foreign countries which
-jare represented In the congress.
' To establish a better understanding of
. Tthe value of agricultural education in the
public schools of the west.
To bring to the attention of active
farmers the various theorUp and working
, plans whereby each farmer may assist in
the general commercial, social and polit
ical uplift of the western states.
i ''This will be strictly an agricultural
and development congress," states the
it-all. "All irrelevant matter will be
eliminated. There will be technical,
': practical farming, horticultural, live
tpck and development sections, and it
lis expected that the world's best ex
perimental authorities and actual com--mereial
farmers will be present The
program will give ample time for open
discussions, and one session will be de--jvoted
to talks by farmers. A notable
(feature will be governors'- day, when
the chief executives of many western
states will address fhe congress. The
personal representatives of many for
eign nations will participate in the pro
gram." Exposition of Dry Farming.
In connection -with the congress will
Ibe held the second international dry
farming exposition, Oct. 25-29. The
exposition committee, with members
an an western states ana toreign coun
tries represented in the congress, has
begun elaborate preparation for assem- j
Wing exhibits of dry farmed products
representing the arid districts of the
world. The call invites the appoint
ment of twenty delegates by each gov
ernor of a state, territory or province.
ten delegates by mayors of cities and
" ounty commissioners, ' five delegates
lv agricultural organizations, commer
cial, forestry, horticultural and nation
- 1 or state live stock associations, two
delegates by local live stock associa
tions, grange lodges or farmers' as
sociations, chambers of commerce,
"boards of trade or other commercial
todies. Railroad companies are en-'
titled to four delegates. CJhief execu
tives of nations, ministers or secreta
Ties of agriculture, United States sen
ators or congressmen, agricultural col
lege or experiment station officers or
faculties and various public officials
engaged in or whose duties bring them
3n contact with agricultural work by
"virtue of their position" are entitled to
eats in the congress.
The call announces elaborate prepa
rations at Billings for" the entertain
ment of delegates and visitors during
the congress and the organization of a
cereral information bureau. ' The sec
retary of the congress is John T.
KJurns, Billings, Mont. --'.-.
Reports received at the headquarters
f the dry farming congress indicate
that about 5,000 homestead entries
iiave been filed in Montana during the
iirs't six months of 1900. This means
an increase in the population of the
state , of considerably more than-5,000
persons. Nearly 1,000,000 acres Of the
public -domain were appropriated in
vail the entries and selections made,
587,090 races being included in the
homestead entries. Reports have been
received from the land offices at Glas
gow, Helena, Great Falls, Lewiston
and .Miles City. The volume of busi
ness done at the Billings, Mont.; Ka
lispell and Missoula land offices has
''i6t been reported, but is known to have
fceeii heavy and would largely increase
the total of public land disposed of.
Special Effort to Interest Settlers.
By 'far the larger proportion of the
tioinestead entries are ' in .the bo
called dry farming sections of the
state. . At Glasgow 108,545 acres, at
Great Falls 387,567 acres, at Lewis
town 201,672 acres, at Miles City 213,
100 acres and at Helena 45,723 acres
were taken up. The bulk of these
lands is now in the hands of settlers
who come within the scope of the
educational influence of the dry farm
ing congress, because the development
of these lands can be made certain
only by the application of the so call
ed dry farming principles. In the
preparations for the coming congress
at Billings the Montana board of con
trol Is making a special effort to in
terest these settlers in the work of
the congress and will endeavor to in
duce as many of them as possible to
attend the congress and the interna
tional dry farm exposition, which will
be held in connection therewith ' at
Billings next October. At this congress
the settlers will be able to obtain
CHICAGO POLICE PLAN
Chief Steward to Run His Force
as Business Manager. -
TWO JOBS IN THIRTY YEARS.
His Ability Promptly Shown When Ha
Took Hold of the Chicago Postoffice.
Student of System and a Master of
Men Stern Disciplinarian.
Le Roy T. Steward is the newly ap
pointed general superintendent of po
lice in Chicago. In the public under
standing he is chief of police, but in
fact he will be business manager. Chi-
. The partnership of Johnson and John
son, owners of the Toggery, Corvallis,
Oregon, has been this day dissolved,
R. C. Herron having acquired the in
terests of J., C. Johnson and B. W.
Johnson in the business, which will be
hereafter conducted by C. V. . Johnson
and R. C. Herron, under the firm name
of Johnson & Herron. The latter
firm assumes and the liabilities of the
- Johnson ,& Johnson.
Johnson & Herron
Corvallis, Ore., Sept, 1, 1909 9-3-10t
cago abandoned the idea- of having a
practical instruction from the expe- j military police or a body of old style
sleuths when she picked Chief Stew
ard to" head the department and start
ed the first business regime in a po
lice force. Chief Steward does . not
even wear the uniform of his office.
The city provided an outfit of gold
braid and gold buttons, gold epaulettes
and a gold belt but he would not even
look at it When he was sworn into
office some days ago he wore a busi
ness suit and when the badge of of
fice was pinned to his vest as he took
the oath of office he unpinned it and
put it in his pocket .-.
Handled Men For Thirty Years.
Chief Steward is a .poet scholar, ath
lete, a student of system and a master
of men. In thirty years be has done
nothing but handle men. He does not
believe in military rule, although be is
a stern disciplinarian. He is an or
ganizer, and he was made chief of
police so that his talent might bring
order into the Chicago force. This
many sided person is perhaps the one
man in Chicago who bad never been
in a police station until the day he
was made chief. f
"1 never .needed the police," he said,
"and'so I kept out of their way. As a
matter of fact I don't know much
about them. I wish it understood that
I am not to be the head policeman, but
the 7 business manager. The police
force costs the city. ,1 - am told.
$7,000,000 a year. There are 5.000 men,
and they need a boss. I'll be the boss
and the manager. 111 let the police do
the policing." 'i 1 V
j Chief Steward has held two jobs in
j thiity years. He was born in Dayton,
I O. When he was seventeen he went
rience of actual farmers who nave ;
faced the same problems that will con- "j
front these new citizens of Montana, 1
many of which have been scientifical
ly solved by the discovery of methods
of cultivation and crop selection whiclj,
have made, dry farming the greatest
feature of the present day in, the de
velopment of the west.
F. F. Irvine, member of the Mon
tana board of . control of the dry
farming congress and one of the suc
cessful dry" land farmers of Caldwell,
Mont, is now harvesting forty acres
of wheat which he estimates will
yield about thirty bushels an acre!
This grain was planted In September
on -sod ground that had been plowed
in May and June. Mr. Irvine says
the field has been attracting attention
and people have been coming in from
miles around to see for themselves
what can be accomplished by con
scientious application of dry farming
PLEA FOR CROSS OF RACES.
Sociologist Believes That Indian Blood
Would Improve American. 1
"I believe that a Jittle oft the blood
of the American Indian mingled with
that of our own race would produce
a strain of manhood which would be
hard "to equal."
So declared Professor William I.
Thomas of the department of sociolo
gy and anthropology of the University
of Chicago in a lecture at Chicago the
other day. The subject of his; talk
was "Race Prejudice."
WW lravel auu www ueuer I to Chicago to seek' his fortune. He
acquainted with conditions as they ex- a hi bo usa to onrdoor 1Ife.
1st," the speaker continued, "the prej- ! A ---.I- no,, rn wn
man. He was made superintendent
of the Wilson Bros.' factory, at that
udice against the races will gradually
disappear and intermarrying will be
common. The prejudice' of the future,
then,-will not be. bound up w,ith the
tint of the skin, but with the degree
of Intellectual development and occupation.-
' - : '
: "In recent years a number of mar
riages have been recorded between the
Japanese and the Americans. ; I see no
reason why this should not go on, and
I do not believe the result would be
harmful to our standard of life. The
Japanese have shown themselves to be
our equals in many ways, and a little
mixture of their blood - with that -of
our countrymen would be a good idea.
I believe, however, that the talked of
cross between the negro race and the
American would be too violent-and
that it would not meet with success."
RECEPTION FOR A MONKEY.
Opens Sept. 7th
The Academy of Our Lady of
Perpetual Help will re-open on
September 7th. By means of the
new addition and the remodeling
of the building the school is now
equipped with all modern im
provements, and with a corps of
competent teachers, may be de-r
pended upon to do thorough work
both in the grades and high school
For particulars apply to Sister
Superior, 225 West Ninth St,
Albany, Oregon. 8-19 to" 9-19.
Homes Newport Property.
Sixty choice lots more or less in New.
port, Oregon, (one of the moat health
ful and popular summer and winter re
sorts) for sale or will exchange for oth
er good property. Property near Cor
vallis preferred. Will supply funds to
buyers of these lots to build homes
thereon. Address M. S. Woodcock,
Corvallis, Oregon. ' -- thurs, tf
BEST BOMP- -RECUPERATE
At the Seashore
N E W P 0 R T
Is a delightful resort and a happy combination of pleas
ure ground possibilities. An ideal climate diversion of
recreation perfect bathing boating fishing riding driv
ing, and exploring, make Newport a most charming and
popular play ground.
Southern Pacific Co.
- HAS A
Special Summer Excursion Rate to Newport of
From CORVALLIS, OREGON
Ask for our booklet "Outings in Oregon'
R. C. UNVILLE, Agent, CORVALLIS. ORE.
WM. M'MURRAY, General Passenger Agent
GEO. W. DENMAN
Attorney at Law
: CORVALLIS, OREGON
Office in Fischer buildingover Graham
& Wortham drug store
Mme. Zeggio Introduced to Lenox Pet
That Sleeps in Gold Cage.
Camelion Zeggio, lady in waiting in
the court of Queen Marguerita of Italy,
gave a reception at the. Aspinwall, in.
Lenox, Mass.,' the other evening m
honor of her marmoset monkey. So
ciety was out in force to meetr the
diminutive creature, which rested light
ly on the arms of its mistress. The
monkey, which was bought in South
Africa for $1,000, sleeps in a gold cage
which cost 5,000. . .
-The marmoset acquitted himself cred
itably, looking grave when he should
and chattering affably at the attempt
ed pleasantries of the guests. The af-;
fair was such a decided success that
is; understood that an effort will be
made to prevail upon Mme. Zeggio to
accept an invitation to a reception in
Newport in honor of the monkey
which has mingled with royalty. '
DOWN IN AN ACTIVE VOLCANO
Professor Rodger: Performed Hazard
ous Feat In Japan For Science.
Professor Jay Eodger, president of
the American University union, who
has been in Tokyo lecturing on scien
tific evidence of Biblical truths, has
accomplished a hazardous undertakin;
never attempted heretofore. For the
purpose of investigation he-descended
100 feet into the crater of the active
volcano Asama, using a chair and pul
ley, worked through the assistance of
several stalwart missionaries. The
Japanese were astounded at the dar
ing feat, which they had thought im
possible of execution.
The Asama volcano is about eighty
miles northwest of. Tokyo. . It is 8,315
feet high, ' and,, though It is still ac
tive, its last great eruption took place
in 1783. -W;V :. ': ,-
Special Ball Game For President Taft.
President Taft, who is- to be the
guest of the Hamilton club, in Chica
go, Sept: 16. from 3:30 o'clock In the
afternoon until he leaves the city the
following morning, has forwarded his
acceptance of an invitation from offi
cials of the club to attend a. special
baseball game In the afternoon. The
day- is an open date for the west side
team. A special game has been ar
ranged for between the Cubs and the
New York Giants. '"
time a small firm. He grew with the
firm and helped to make It" grow. He
handled the many employees of the
factory with a skill and understand
ing of human nature that have 'finally
made him chief of police at a salary of
$8,000 a year.
Successful In the Chicago Postoffice.
Twelve years ago the Chicago post
office found that it had several thou
sand mail carriers who weren't being
well drilled, bossed or treated. Those
in charge had heard of Steward. -They
sent for him and made him superin
tendent of delivery He was .a suc
cess. That was the second' job "given
him jn thirty years, and he was at his
desk in the postoffice the morning on
which he was made police chief.
Steward is the man who made mes
senger boys hurry. ' It seems that spe
cial delivery letters were not being de
livered. So one day the order was
given that when a messenger failed to
deliver his ; letter he would .be dis
charged." Th'ere were forty boys dis
charged before noon. 'Ten more were
discharged in the afternoon.- There
was but one discharged the following
week. And from that time forth mes
sengers did not report back after a
game of craps in the alley that the ad
dressee of the letter could not be found.
'' When-Chief Steward was.. inducted
into office he first Took a vacation. " He
went to Devils Lake. Wis., where he
said he hoped even the birds wouldn't
bQther him. He took with himi"Lom-
broso on Crime." "Lavater on Physi
ognomy," his brier pipe, and the police
manual. "I'm going to study crime,"
he announced. "I shall give myself
one week to rest, master the police
manual and absorb a little science on
crime." It was suggested that he
better take a. gun and a fishing pole
with him. "
Opposes Cruelty In Any Form.
"No,'' tie answered, "1 don't hunt and
I don't fish. 1 don't believe in killing.
1 love life.- and I don't want to hurt
men or animals." . . "
That is the kindness of the poet.
Chief Steward admits he likes poetry
and that he has written verse, but he
has never published any. But he's
ready enough fb talk books, is this
chief of ' police, - poet-scholar, ' who is
going to be the-chief criminal hunter
and yet who won't even kill a squirrel
when he's hungry in camp.
Maeterlinck is a favorite of the chief.
Tennyson, Wadsworth, Burns, Walt
Whitman, the out of door poets,ne
likes best. Lavater and Lombroso he
had on his shelves although he said
that, as a matter of fact, he hadnever
read much of them, but would now.-"
This is the man who is chief of po
lice in the second largest city in the
United States, the man. who says he
knows, nothing about, the police, who
boasts that he has never been through
the vice district of the city, even in a
street car; the man who may have to
quell riots , and shoot burglars by
proxy, but wouldnt hook a fish; the
man who studies crime in- Lombroso
and , men In Burns and Maeterlinck,
and the man has turned the chiefs of
fice into a-business office, where he
says he can- run a criminal catching
business just as weli ai a department
store or a postoffice. - r .
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"THE SCHOOL OF QUALITY"
Tenth and Morrison;, Portland, Oregon 3 3 A. P. Armstrong, LL.B., Principal
Old in yearsy new in methods, admittedly the high-standard-commercial
school o the Northwest. Open all the year. More
calls for help than we can meet position certain. Class and
individual instruction. Bookkeeping from written forms and by
office practices Shorthand that excels in every respect. Special
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Biggest and Best Paper in the Willamette Valley
Forty-eighth Annual Exhibition
Will Be Greater Than Ever
$35,000 in Premiums
13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 1909
Grand Showing of Live Stock
Racing Program Complete
Reduced Rates On All Railroads
COME AND BRING YOUR FRIENDS
W. F. MATLOCK, r
F. A. WELCH,