Oregon daily emerald. (Eugene, Or.) 1920-2012, November 03, 1980, Page 10 and 11, Image 10

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    Rape-prevention seminar
stresses confident aura
Rape is the fastest growing
violent crime in the United
The more women know about
rape prevention, the less likely
they are to become part of that
national trend. That was the
purpose of a weekend rape
prevention seminar held at the
University through the Division
of Continuing Education.
While the FBI estimates only
25 percent of all rapes are
reported, five years ago that
rate was one in 10, said Marcia
Morgan, crime prevention
specialist with the Lane County
Sheriff's Office.
“Consequently, the statistics
on rape are going up," said
Morgan, who served as seminar
instructor and heads the Lane
Interagency Rape Team “We
don't know if that’s because
more rapes are occurring or
because women are reporting
them more due to better treat
ment of the victim. I have a
feeling it’s both.”
Morgan began the two-day
seminar by announcing con
victed sex offender John
Schroeder had just been recap
tured after escaping from the
Lane County Jail two weeks
earlier. Schroeder allegedly ac
counted for several of the 103
rapes reported in Lane County
last year.
Like those involving
Schroeder, most rapes in the
Eugene area - about 75 percent
- have occurred in or around the
victim’s home, Morgan said But
no matter where they are,
women should remain alert to
potential rape situations, she
“The traditional law enfor
cement approaches have been
aimed at trying to limit women's
mobility. I think not going out at
night really plays into the whole
idea of women needing to be
Morgan said most rapists pick
victims whom they believe could
be easily intimidated. She ad
vises women to project an aura
of confidence, act assertively
and follow their instincts.
"Women in our society are
socialized to be very accom
modating and to not want to
hurt anyone’s feelings,” she
said. “If you’re at a party and
someone you don't know wants
to give you a ride home, you’ve
got to believe that it’s OK to say
no thanks, I’m going home with
my roommate.”
Morgan said a woman’s in
stincts are the most protective
device she has. But unfortuna
tely, women often have a ten
dency to rationalize those in
stincts away.
“If you’re walking down the
street, and you think you’re be
ing followed, turn around and
see Don’t rationalize your fear
away and keep walking, looking
straight ahead.”
And if you are being followed,
go to the nearest residence or
business for help
Morgan mentioned several
other precautions women can
take when out on the streets
She advises women to avoid
walking alone at night, but if
they must walk alone, stay in
well-lighted areas and avoid
bushes and alleys. She also
suggests that women keep a
tight grip on bags but keep one
hand free. Women can have
keys ready before arriving home
and carry them between the
fingers of the free hand to use
as a potential weapon. A final tip
is to wear clothes that are easy
to run in.
The Whiteaker Neighborhood
has one house on each block
designated as a "safe house”
with a candle in the window and
the porch light on for people in
distress. If this program proves
successful, it will be implement
ed city-wide.
Morgan recommends all
women to keep their porch
lights on. Other home safety
precautions include keeping
doors and windows locked, in
stalling deadbolt locks and peep
holes in doors if possible, plac
ing wedges in sliding glass
doors and window frames, and
keeping curtains closed at
"The windows usually are the
most vulnerable,” Morgan said.
"Many are built to be easily lift
ed in and out for washing, and
that's well-known in the burglar
Don’t let strangers into your
home, Morgan said If a man
claims to be a repairman, check
his identification. If a stranger
wants to use the phone, make
the call for him.
"You don’t want to give the
impression you're alone,”, she
said. “I used to keep a beware
of dog’ sign in my window."
The Eugene Police De
partment’s Community Of
ficer Patrol Team offers free
inspections and security as
sessments of a person’s re
sidence. They can be contacted
at 687-2677.
The COP Team also conducts
block meetings to help neigh
bors become acquainted
Schroeder initially was caught
when the neighbor of a potential
rape victim chased him and ob
tained Schroeder’s car license
In spite of these rape preven
tion measures, the FBI says that
one of every three women will
have a "sexual confrontation"
of some sort, Morgan said.
Therefore, women should
become acquainted with rape ^
defense tactics. ^
Non-aggressive defense
techniques include talking your jig
way out of a potential rape, pre- I
tending to faint or get sick, ^
making yourself throw up or ^
urinate, and acting crazy. Ag- ^
gressive resistance involves the
use of any available weapon —
keys, umbrellas, chemical
sprays — as well as the use of
your body — kicking, hitting and
Jurists ’ biases
encumber trials
"Trying a rape case probably is the single-most
difficult case there is.”
Speaking at a weekend rape prevention semin
ar, Josh Marquis of the Lane County District Attor
ney’s Office explained why most jurors sympathize
with the rapist.
"The victim is just another witness," Marquis
said. "It’s not the victim versus the defendant. It’s
this great, big ominous State of Oregon versus poor
little so-and-so, who is clean-shaven and looking like
any nice young man."
In addition, jurors must be convinced to a
"moral certainty” of the defendant’s guilt. Therefore,
usually either physical evidence — such as seminal
fluids — or eyewitnesses are needed to ensure a
While nationally only one in eight reported
rapists is convicted, the conviction rate in Lane
County is 80 to 90 percent, Marquis said.
"That’s because we generally don't take cases
unless we think there’s a good chance for a convic
tion,” he said. “I can't think of anything worse for the
victim than to go through a trial and not get a
"My experience has been that when rapists are
acquitted, that victim’s going to feel like she’s
However, guilt is a common reaction of rape
victims even when the rapist is convicted, said
Marcia Morgan of the Lane Interagency Rape Team.
"Because rape is a sexual crime, people make
moral judgments about the woman," Morgan said.
“And if she's given a polygraph test, she's treated as
a liar.
"She begins doubting herself," she said. “Did I
smile when I shouldn’t have? Did I not close the
blinds far enough?”
But the most common and the most strong
reaction to a rape is fear, said Lisa Miller of the Rape
Crisis Network.
"Almost every victim I’ve talked to has said "I
thought I was going to die,’ ” Miller said. '"And along
with fear, very often, there’s a sense of embarrass
ment and wondering if people are going to believe
Miller said usually a rape victim will experience
about a six-month period of anxiety following the
assault During this time, friends should reassure the
woman that she’s safe and tell her that she’s not to
blame for the assault.
“Show her that you’re sorry it happened to her,”
Miller said. “Point out to her that she succeeded in
surviving the attack.
“Sexual assaults happen a lot, and people do
recover from them.”
Stories by Leslie Farris
Graphic by Sioux Anderson
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Grand Ole Opry Star and
The Father of
in a rare public appearance
Kenny Baker, fiddle
Butch Robbins, banjo
Wayne Lewis, guitar
Randy Davis, bass
THURSDAY, NOV. 6, 8:00 P.M.
EMU Ballroom, University of Oregon Campus
Tickets: »6.00 U of O Students *6.75 General Public '
Available at EMU Main Desk. Bremen Town Records (Valley River),
Lights for Music (Springfield)
On Tour After a Sell-Out Season
at the
Tony Award Winner for Best Play of 1974
Nov. 7 & 8, 1980 8 P.
Appearing at
13th & Madison Eugene
TICKETS; $5, $6, & $7
on sale at Meier & Frank — EMU Main Desk —
Everybody's Records
Starring J. Wesley Huston and James Avery
Directed by Luther James
Presented by: People for South African Freedom
U of O Black Student Union
EMU Cultural Forum
$2 Discount on first 100
UO Student Tickets sold at Main Desk
Cassette Tape Special!
Pro II 60 minute cassette tape Reg. $3.49
Pro II 90 minute cassette tape Reg. $4.89
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Mon-Fri 8:15-5:30
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The Calculator Department
Where we stock the largest
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Textboo*<> • General Books 686-3510 • Supplies 686-4331