Oregon daily emerald. (Eugene, Or.) 1920-2012, April 22, 1980, Section A, Image 1

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Vol. 81, No. 128
Eugene, Oregon 97403
Tuesday, April 22, 1980
Struggle lies ahead for new Zimbabwe
Prosper Takawira
Photo by Bob Baker
Of the Emerald
When Robert Mugabe became Prime
Minister of the newly independent
African country of Zimbabwe this past
weekend, his ascension to power did
not mark the end of a struggle, it
marked the beginning, Prosper Ta
kawira said Monday night in the EMU
Takawira, a member of the executive
council of the U S. branch of the party
Mugabe heads, the Zimbabwe African
National Union party, criticized Zim
babwe's present constitution, the result
of years of negotiations between the
British, white Rhodesian settlers and
various indigenous factions.
"We think the present situation is
ridiculous, outrageous,” Takawira said
Whites are currently guaranteed 20
seats in the Zimbabwe National As
sembly, even though they constitute
only 3 percent of the general popula
tion. In recent elections ZANU captured
57 of the 80 seats set aside for blacks
Mugabe is an avowed Marxist and his
election as prime minister alarmed the
white minority at first. But by incorpor
ating former officials of the white
dominated government into his admin
istration, he s allayed white anxieties,
for the moment
Takawira said Mugabe is trying to
keep his opponents off guard by taking
unexpected actions and that practical
circumstances have forced him to act
more slowly than expected.
"It would be irresponsible to change
overnight," Takawira said. A radical
switch from a capitalistic to a socialistic
system would spell disaster for the
economy of Zimbabwe and sub
sequently the new government.
But changes are nevertheless being
Mugabe's government intends to
renegotiate all contracts with multi-na
tional corporations currently operating
in Zimbabwe. Mugabe will try to ac
comodate the corporations, but he
won't compromise ZANU principles,
Takawira said, adding that he expects
the corporations to try destabilizing the
new government.
"We have to watch out and
remember the example of Chile. The
multi-nationals wouldn’t send Chile
spare parts after (Salvador) Allende
came to power and that helped lead to
the breakdown of the Chilean economy
and Allende’s downfall.”
ZANU domestic principles include
the establishment of equal pay scales
for whites and blacks, a national min
imum wage and worker’s cooperatives
ZANU actively backed the formation of
the country’s first unions and. has sup
ported recent strikes, Takawira said
In the area of foreign affairs, ZANU is
now prepared to accept economic aid
from the United States
“We have to deal with the problem of
one million refugees displaced during
the war, we have to relocate the peo
But, Mugabe will not accept aid "with
strings attached,” he said.
”We won't modify our political posi
tions, we want to be self-reliant.” Fo
remost among those political positions
is ZANU's intention to aid the cause of
"liberation movements” in Namibia and
South Africa.
“The white South Africans weren't
prepared for our election results, which
give their blacks encouragement. We
think South African blacks should fight
their own battle, but we’ll provide them
with food and shelter as we were
provided with food and shelter by the
frontline states.”
It's only a question of time before
South African blacks duplicate the feat
of Zimbabwe’s blacks and win their
independence, Takawira said.
House votes today on registration funding
Of the Emerald
The U S. House of Representatives is
expected to approve funds today to
register 19- and 20-year-old males for the
Legislation designating $13.3 million
for Pres. Jimmy Carter's draft registation
plan is scheduled for debate in the
House, with a vote expected to follow.
The four Oregon congressmen — Al
Ullman, Jim Weaver, Les Au Coin and
Bob Duncan — are expected to vote
against the bill, according to their Wa
shington staffs.
The vote may be close, but both anti
and pro-registration activists agree the
registration plan will probably pass in the
“Unfortunately, the prospects for
defeating the plan aren’t too bright,”
says Warren Hoover, director of the Na
tional Interreligous Service Board for
Conscientious Objectors. “Some people
predict the split is about 50-50, but I think
that’s optimistic.
"The administration wouldn’t have
allowed the plan to come up for a vote so
soon if they weren’t almost 100-percent
sure it will pass. It’s a major issue for the
According to a poll taken last week by
the Commmittee Against Registration
and the Draft, 190 House members are in
favor of the bill, 165 are against it and 80
are undecided.
Last week the House appropriations
committee reinstated $8.6 million for
registration that was cut two months
earlier by the House appropriations sub
committee. The subcommittee cut regis
tration funding out of the bill, leaving
$4.7 million for the revitilization of the
Selective Service System
Both committees quickly squashed
funds for the registration of women
Intense lobbying by administration
staff is credited for the almost sure vic
tory for the bill in the House
“It’s hard to make any amendments to
an appropriation bill,” Weaver aide Dave
Fidanque says, adding that Duncan is
planning to propose an amendment that
includes the registration of women and
that Weaver may propose an amendment
that asks for a volunteer registration
‘‘I think the vote will be a lot closer in
the House than anyone expected two
months ago," Fidanque says. "But I’d
put the odds at 10-to-1 that we ll beat
Anti-registration activists are putting a
lot of their hope in Sen. Mark Hatfield,
R-Ore., who has promised to lead a
filibuster against the registration funding
bill in the Senate. But even the Hatfield
hope is a bleak one.
"If anyone can pull it off, Hatfield can,"
Hoover says. “No one is more highly
respected in the Senate than Hatfield
But it’s still a long shot.”
Being a star — a track star —
isn’t always the easiest thing in
Eugene. Halfmiler David Mack is
the latest star, but he isn't sure
about Track City. See Section B.
Exposure of genitals — flash
ing — is a common occurrence,
everywhere. Flashers are on the
streets, waiting to expose them
selves while shocking others. See
Students found few differ
ences between Senate can
didates Charles Porter and Ted
Kulongoski, as the two agreed on
most issues — and ousting Sen
Bob Packwood. See Page 7A.
Commissioner Jerry Rust
called for an in-house
investigation of euthanasia prac
tices being performed by em
ployees of Tri-Agency animal
shelter See Page 8A.