Oregon daily emerald. (Eugene, Or.) 1920-2012, October 02, 1950, Image 1

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    Orgggn Daily
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EMER
VOLUME LII UNIVERSITY OF OREGON, EUGENE, MONDAY, OCTOBER 2, 1950
NUMBER S
South Koreans Cross 38th
By Russell Brines
Tokyo, Monday, Oct. 2—(AP)— South Korean troops
plunged north across the 38th parallel in force Sunday on orders
of the U.S. Eighth Army commander while General MacArthur
awaited response from the North Korean Communist regime to
an ultimatum for surrender or “early and total defeat.”
The historic crossing was made on the extreme east coast in
the vicinity of burning Yangyang at 11 :45 a.m. on orders of Lt.
uen. wauon ±1. walker, mignth
Army commander.
Two companies of the South Kor
ean third division had moved one
mile north of the artificial border
by mid-afternoon and sent patrols
forward seven miles—to within one
mile of Yangyang. U.S. air obser
vers saw the advance patrols then
draw back slightly, for unknown
reasons, since no Red opposition
was noted.
Seaborne Troops
South of the parallel, aerial ob
servers spotted seaborne Republi
can troops and supplies landing at
Chumunjin, nine miles south of the
38th parallel, to give added support
to the crosing.
Three more South Korean divi
sions, on the left flank of the third
division, swung northward rapidly
| toward the 38th parallel. Advance
cements of these troops were far
ahead of official reports of their
movement and probably close to the
line on a front stretching midway
across Korea’s waist.
Maj. Gen. E. M. Almond, Gen.
MacArthur’s Chief of Staff and
commander of the tenth corps which
liberated Seoul, told a press con
ference Sunday night he had re
ceived unconfirmed air reports that
a South Korean unit had penetrated
five miles north of the 38th parallel
on the east coast.
Divisions Move
Almond’s trobps—the U. S. First
Marine division and the U.S. Sev
enth division—moved closer to the
parallel by the hour.
Almond told AP correspondent.
Tom Lambert, however:
“I have no instructions to cross”
that line.”
As of Sunday nighr elements of
the Fifth Marine regiment were
about 15 miles south of the parallel
and an equal distance north of
Seoul. The Marines met only light
opposition.
Gen. Almond declared the Com
munist invasion army in his opin
ion has been "destroyed.” But he
cautioned: “What they have north
of the 38th parallel I don’t know.”
AP correspondent Hal Boyle with
the U.S. Fifth airforce quoted eye
witnesses as saying the first South
Korean troops to cross the border
were greeted by cheering throngs
who brought them flowers and gifts
as they passed through villages.
Troops Handicapped
JNfo immediate resistance was re
ported. The South Korean troops
were handicapped principally by the
(Please turn to pnae seven)
Philadelphia’s “Whizz Kids”
came roaring back Sunday to
capture their first National
League pennant in 35 years,
with a thrilling 4-1 victory
over the Brooklyn Dodgers.
The Phillies beat off Brook
lyn’s surge for the flag, and so
meet the Yankees Wednesday
in the World Series opening in
Philadelphia. (See details on
Sports page.)
A Guy Can Stand
Only So Much
First, years ago, it was a mere
fifty cents. Then only minor groans
came when it went up to seventy
five cents.
Pearl Harbor and the war came
and it went up to a buck. Oh, well,
we had to give our all for the war
effort.
But now a buck twenty five.
This is horrible. Who has a dollar
twenty five for a thing like that
these days.
Every male on campus had bet
ter have it. Haircuts just went up
to that figure.
Over $70,000
Paid for Books
Over $70,000 worth of books
were bought by University of Ore-'
gon students at the Co-op during
the past week.
One of the Co-op’s big jobs is
cashing student checks. Last year
$1,600,000 worth of checks were
cashed there. •
Magazine suoscriptions are also
sold at the Co-op. Some of the
more popular magazines arc pric
ed for a year as follows:
Time, $4.75; Life, $5; Fortune,
$7.50; Charm, $2.50; Colliers, $5;
Coronet, $3.00; Glamour, $2.50;
Harpers Bazaar, $5.00; Ladies
Home Journal, $3.50; Mademoi
selle, $3.50; and Saturday Evening
Post, $6.00.
Rubinstein, Famous Pianist,
To Begin Concert Series
By Lois Reynolds
Artur Rubinstein, world-fam
ous pianist, will begin the Eugene
and University Civic Music Asso
ciation concert series at 8 p. m.
Saturday in McArthur Court.
The Civic Music Association,
which began in Eugene during the
1944-1945 school year, is composed
of Eugene townspeople who buy
series tickets for admittance and
University students who present
their student body cards.
Balance Of Seville
Another attraction will be the
Wagner Opera Company on
March 6 which will present the
“Barber of Seville” in English.
She other five concerts will be
announced later in this week.
The New York Wagner Opera
Company was here last year and
brought the pieces “II Trovatore’’
and “Paggliacci.”
Rubinstein, Polish-born musi
cian who lives in Los Angeles, has
a repertoire that ranges from the
classics through the romantics to
modern works, but it is his actual
playing that has made him great.
A Los Angeles audience recently
gave him an ovation seldom heard,
for his lively performance which
reminded them of an orchestra in
full concert, though it was just
one piano.
Artur Rubinstein has been here
before, in the 1945-46 season. Oth
er past concerts have included
| Lauritz Melchior and Marian An
derson in 1946-47, Helen Traubel
and Ballet Variante in 1947-48,
Vienna Choir Boys and Jan Peerce
in 1948-49, and Kirsten Flagstad
and the Portland Symphony Or
chestra last year.
Officers Named
Officers on the Association are
T. Mckenzie Alexander, president,
and G. E. Gaylord, president emeri
tus; Mrs. Robert D. Horn, Alton
F. Baker, Clarence Hines, Dr.
Melville Jones, vice presidents.
From the campus are R. C.
(‘•Dick") Williams, Anita Holmes,
and Ed Peterson, vice presidents;
and Dr. Earl M. Pallett, treasurer, !
and Mrs. George Giustina, secre
tary.
German Police
Arrest Agitators
By John Barton !
(Compiled from the wires of Associated Press)
\\ liile United Nations forces continue to chase Korean
Communists north across the 38th parallel, Reds on the other
side of the world are recouping today from a bad licking admin
istered by West German police.
In Duesseldorf, Germany, more than 1,000 agitators were
arrested yesterday and Communism's newest campaign to shake
\\ estern Germany with disorder was smashed by alert police
units. The much tal'ked-of Red day of "national resistance” resulted in
scattered outbreaks between small groups of Communists and West
German police in dozens of cities.
A force of about 100,000 police marshalled for the emergency stopped
the demonstrations in every case before they could cause serious riots.
About 30 policemen were injured.
Gustav Heinmann, West Germany’s interior minister, voiced pleas
ure at the way all uprisings were cut short by German police. Largest of
the demonstrations was in Hamburg, where about 3,000 Reds fought it
out with police before being disbursed. Many of the younger demonstra
tors in Cologne were arrested before they could dispose of their anti
Western propaganda leaflets.
v-ommumsrs in Korea...
may have murdered as many as 2,000 political prisoners when they
were forced out of Seoul by advancing United Nations forces. AP cor
respondent O. H. P. King reports from the liberated Korean Republic
capital that about 2,000 persons were reported to have been arrested dur
ing the Red occupation. When the Commies left, city jails were empty.
King says he saw the bodies of 27 men and women, all with bound
hands, in trenches which the South Korean army had dug in the first
day of the war but which had never been used. And more than 100 bodies
were reported to be in the vicinity.
The 2,000 reported prisoners are still missing, and those who have
not been killed are supposed to have been taken northward with the re
treating Reds.
French Forces In Indochina. . .
have started a new offensive, the largest in thioc months, against
Communist troops. French, together with Vietnamese forces, are closing
in on Tahainguyen, a Red communications center in north Indochina.
As usual, the Communist Vietminh troops are falling back ahead of
their attackers, offering only weak opposition and melting away into
the hilly terrain. Vietminh forces have important military installations
in the general area'of the attack, according to French spokesmen. Most
of the fighting is being done in hilly, jungle areas.
(Please turn to page seven)
UN Sanction Urged
In Korean Situation
After receipt of the news that
South Korean troops had crossed
the 38th parallel in pursuit of the
routed North Korean armies, the
Emerald contacted several politi
cal scientists on the effect the
United Nations action would have
on the Far Eastern situation.
Dr. P. S. Dull, asociate professor
of political science, said, “If we
don’t cross the ^8th parallel, we
will have to keep a force on the
border.” He also intimated our pri
soners behind the 38th parallel
would probably remain there unless
we went in and got them. “If we
do cross it,” he continued, “there
is a good chance of involvement
with Communist China.”
Russians Favor News
Russia would probably favor a
move such as this if they really
war with us, he stated. However,
want war with us, he stated. How
ever, Dull thought we should leave
the decision of whether or not to
cross the line up to the UN general
assembly. He mentioned that there
has been a proposal to have five
nations not involved directly arbi
trate the matter.
Charles Schleicher, a professor
in the department, was of the opin
ion that the consequences would b«
very bad for the U. S. if McArthur
crossed the line without the sanc
tion ol' the UN.
Indian Reaction Important
Such a move without UN con
sent w'ould leave us open to Rus
sian propaganda. Also it would
bring China into the stiuation. He
cautioned that we have to pay at
tention to what India thinks on the
matter, since they are definitely
opposed to the move without UN
sanction.
Dr. E. S. Wengert, head of the
department, stated that it is neces
sary to go beyond the 38th parallel
but he also stressed the importance
of UN sanction. He said the US
should take the lead in making
sure the Korean government is one
acceptable to all the people of
Korea. Syngman Rhee and his gov
ernment should be removed, Wen
gert said, if we are to have the re
spect of all the people of Korea.