Oregon daily emerald. (Eugene, Or.) 1920-2012, April 01, 1948, Page 3, Image 3

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    Conference Splits Over Reds
Nearly All
Numerous Assemblies,
Committee Sessions
Fill PNCC Schedule
An almost negligible social pro
gram, but numerous general as
semblies and committee sessions
provided a packed schedule for the
four-day session of the Pacific
Northwest College congress, which
was held at Whitman college,
March 3 to 6.
The session, which was the third
annual PNCC meeting, was attend
ed by representatives from 36
Northwest colleges and universi
ties, who studied, discussed and
passed resolutions concerning the
United Nations and international
Paus-Grunt Speaks
Opening day of 'the congress got
underway with registration of the
delegates and ended with a public
meeting at a Walla Walla theater
where Professor Olav Paus-Grunt
addressed the delegates on “The
• United Nations and the Youth of
the World.” Paus-Grunt is chief of
the educational liaison, Department
of Public Information, United Na
The sessions opened and closed
each day with the general assem
bly and included section meetings
to work out resolutions which were
presented to the general assembly
for approval on the final day. Sec
tions met both morning and after
noon, with each section assigned to
discussion specific issues and for
mulate resolutions to improve or
alter existing international condi
Marshall Plan Viewed
Second general assembly speaker
at the evening sessions was Charles
L. Wheeler, a member of the Na
tional Association of Manufactur
ers. Wheeler’s topic was “A Busi
ness Man Views the Marshall
Final general assembly speaker
was Donovan M. Richardson, chief
editorial writer on the Christian
Science Monitor, who spoke on
“The Responsibility of the Press in
World Affairs.”
Saturday, the last day of the
congress, resolutions were brought
out of committees, discussed,
amended, or accepted at the general
assemblies, which were held morn
ing, afternoon and night.
In addition to the general assem
blies and section meetings, faculty
round tables were held each after
noon of the congress with members
of the faculty fro mvisiting colleges
Editor’s note: The stories on
this page concerning the Pacific
Northwest College congress
were written by Vinita Howard
and Barbara Heywood. They wer
written in an attempt to inform
the students and elicit intelligent
and interested votes from the
student body when the polling
takes place in the middle of Ap
Night Staff:
Connie Jackson, night editor
Joann Ogle
Carol Bartel
Glenna Hurst
First PNCC Met Three Years
Ago at Portland's Reed College
Three years ago, when Pacific
Northwest College congress met
for the first time on the Reed col
lege campus it was acclaimed as
the first college congress to meet
and formulate resolutions for pre
sentation to the United Nations.
Today, its success is shown by
the fact that when the Congress
began sessions in Walla Walla,
Washington on March 3, 36 col
leges and approximately 70,000 stu
dents were represented.
Portland Origin
The idea for PNCC originated
with Mrs. William A. Haseltine, a
member of the Portland League of
Women Voters. At the first session
on the Reed college campus the
league and the college jointly spon
sored the organization.
When the first meeting closed, it
was decided to select two students
who were outstanding in participa
tion at the congress and who had
gained the largest number of stu
dent voters on the PNCC resolu
tions on their respective campus
es, to present the resolutions to
the United Nations. Thus the
PNCC was the first college organ
ization to gain audience with the
One of the delegates who pre
sented the resolutions to the UN
was a University of Oregon stu
dent, Mrs. Lois McConkey Putnam.
At that time only 31 colleges from
the Northwest were represented at
the Congress.
With the initial success of the
PNCC more colleges began to take
an interest in the idea and when
the group met in 1947 more dele
gates and more enthusiasm were
expressed by supporte'rs. The sec
ond congress again met on the Reed
college campus and the Northwest
Institute of International Relations
joined the two original sponsors in
underwriting the costs.
Two delegates from the second
conference were again chosen to
take the resolutions to the UN.
The PNCC received more encour
agement when the foreign relations
committees of the senate and house
of representatives asked for copies
of the resolutions in the future.
This year the PNCC left the Reed
campus for the first time since its
inception. When sessions opened at
Whitman college March 3, the 36
Northwest colleges were represent
ed. Another innovation this year
was the inclusion of a faculty mem
ber from each participating col
lege to act as moderator in com
mittee sessions. It was stressed,
however, that faculty members
■were not to participate in actual
student sessions and debates.
This year the Walla Walla,
Wash., Rotary club was co-sponsor
of the conference with Whitman.
PNCC Resolutions
Be it resolved :
1. That this third Pacific Northwest College Congress is op
posed to the tendency of the Interim Committee to apply the
pressure of its opinions toward restriction or abolition of the
veto power and the unanimity rule in the United Nations,
and toward weakening the authority of the Security Council,
1 hat this Congress supports the continuation of the In
terim Committee only if it is actually constituted as a sub
sidiary body performing a constructive function, as provided
in the Charter of the United Nations, and only if it enjoys
the voluntary acceptance and participation of all the great
2. 1 hat the General Asembly be given the power to require a
decision by the Security Council on important issues within
a specified time, and be given the authority to review a de
cision to take no action by the Security Council; this to
be done by a two-thirds vote of the General Asembly in
cluding four of the Big Five.
3. That an adequate permanent international military force be
provided to enforce the decisions of the Security Council.
4. That in order to enable successful operation of the Marshall
Plan, the United States take the initiative in encouraging
reciprocal trade by negotiating the reduction of tarif bar
6. That the participating nations under the Marshall Plan have
an active voice in its administration.
7. That no government shall be excluded from Marshall Plan
aid for political reasons.
8. That purchase of armaments with funds appropriated under
the Marshall Plan shall be prohibited .
9. That there be an equalization of the scholastic requirements
of the educational systems of the world to facilitate a free
transfer of students on the international level.
10 That UNESCO provide a more active program of publicity
directed at the individual through the mediums of motion
pictures, radio and press to stimulate interest in UNESCO
philosophy, function and structure.
11 That the United Nations, through an appropriate specialized
agency, facilitate the free flow of accurate information
among nations and prevent the formation of international
news cartels which tend to restrain it.
12 That the United Nations, through an appropriate specialized
agency, inaugurate a program intended to teach news an
alysis and evaluation; and to promote interest in world
affairs through universal education.
No Date Set Yet
For UO Voting
Oregon students will vote on
the resolutions passed by the Pa
cific Northwest College congress
some time in the middle of April.
The date has not yet been set.
The resolutions, when passed by
ail the colleges and universities
participating in the PNCC, will
be submitted to the United Na
tions, a congressional committee,
and certain other agencies, to
help them in deciding world poli
United Nations
To Get Copy
Of Resolutions
Two delegates chosen from the
72 young men and women who par
ticipated in the Pacific Northwest
College congress will carry the
passed resolutions to the American
and Canadian delegations to United
Lois McConkey Putnam, Univer
sity of Oregon’s delegate to the
congress two years ago took the
trip to Lake Success in 1946.
Selected on a point system by the
executive council of the PNCC, the
delegate is given an equal number
of points for his contribution to the
work of the general assembly abil
ity exhibited in the particular sec
tion to which the delegate is as
signed, the nature of the campaign
for the votes which the delegate
conducts on his own campus, and
for the number of votes obtained
at the delegate’s school. The size of
the school is considered when de
ciding upon the last point.
Lesser emphasis is placed on the
delegate’s personality, and upon the
merits of an essay submitted by
The two successful delegates will
go to Lake Success late this sum
Other Colleges
Plan Meetinqs
Though the location for next
year’s PNCC meeting has not been
chosen as yet, one thing appears
definite . . . because of the success
PNCC has met, other colleges over
the country are planning to adopt
the idea for student participation in
formulating resolutions dealing
with the international relations.
At the recent congress in Walla
Walla, delegates from the Univer
sity of Denver and California were
present to observe the workings of
the group and report back to their
Plans are already underway to
start a similar congress in the Mid
dlewest and within a short time
FNCC delegates expect to see sim
ilar organizations in the southwest,
east and Rocky Mountain states.
Supporters of PNCC say that added
congresses copied after the original
congress will exert considerable
force in the United State congress
and the UN, since they will repre
sent the ideas of thousands of col
lege students in the United States.
Publicity Group to Meet
Publicity committee for the
Froah Glee will hold a meeting at
the Emerald “Shack” at 12:30 p.m.
today, announced Co-chairmen Jo
Rawlins and Connie Jackson. All
members are requested to be pres
Tell of Rift
Whitman Congress
Gives Approval
To Marshall Plan
A marked split over policies af
fecting the western powers rela
tions with the Soviet Union devel
oped at the Pacific Northwest Col
lege congress, meeting at Whit
man college March 3 to 6, accord
ing to reports from Oregon dele
The University’s delegates were
Warren Miller, senior in political
science, and Robert M. Allen, jun
ior in political science. Dr. Paul S,
Dull, assistant professor of politi
cal science and history, acted as
faculty moderator for one of the
five sections at the general assem
UN or No UN?
This rift concerning 'the Soviet
occurred in the discussions on.
whether the United States should
try to maintain peace with the So
viet within the UN or to take uni
lateral measures outside the UN,
Delegates decided that action
should be limited to the UN, but
Dr. Dull and Allen were of the opin
ion that had the conference been
held after the Czechoslovakian in
cident the congress might have rec
ommended more stringent meas
ures in dealing with Russia.
The Marshall Plan itself was ap
proved by the congress, Allen said,
but the methods for carrying it
out were debated. The congress
recommended in its resolutions
that the United States encourage
reciprocal trade and give the na
tions under the Marshall plan am.
active voice in its administration,
Other stipulations were that no
nation be excluded from the Mar
shall plan for political reasons and
that purchase of armaments with
funds appropriated under the Mar
shall plan be prohibited.
Serious Meeting
Dr. Dull said that he had never
seen a more serious student meet
ing and that most students seemed
well-informed on international con
ditions. A majority of the delegates
are members of the campus Inter
national Relations clubs, he said.
Resolutions put forth from the
five sections received varied recep
tion on the floor of the general as
sembly, according to Allen. Each
section discussed and formulated
resolutions on one of the following
topics: the UN Little Assembly,
enforcement of the United Nations
decisions, the Marshall Plan,
UNESCO and responsibility in
public information.
The general assembly did not ac
cept all of the resolutions as set up
by the committees, but amended
and sometimes completely altered
them, Allen reported. The resolu
tion dealing with the Little Assem
bly, as it was set up by the major
ity group in the section, was not
accepted by the general assembly;
the minority report, which was led
by Oregon’s delegatee, Warren
Miller, was passed.
Oregon’s other delegate, Allen,
was a member of the section dis
cussing the responsibility in public
information. Allen reported that
the consensus of this group, as
set forth in the PNCC resolutions,
was that news stories are too slant
ed and that some system of dis
seminating the news through an in
ternational news source should be