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About Oregon daily emerald. (Eugene, Or.) 1920-2012 | View Entire Issue (April 2, 1938)
Yeomen, Sigma Chi,
Beta Win Swim Meet
Yeomen, Sigma Chi, and Beta Theta Pi were victorious in the intra
mural swimming meets held yesterday afternoon in che men's pool,
defeating Theta Chi 34-15, Phi Kappa Psi 40-7, and Alpha Tau Omega
This leaves eight teams undefeated, which are, besides those above.
Phi Delta Theta, Delta Upsilon, Chi Psi, Sigma Phi Epsilon, and Sigma
Four matches will be splashed
out next Monday afternon at 4 o’
clock, with the semi-finals Tues
day and finals Wednesday at the
Water Polo Soon
Starting next Friday, April 8,
the intramural water polo season
will begin on a schedule yet to be
In yesterday's three matches,
which includes six different types
of events, the following men were
40-yard free style: Don Kennedy,
400-yard back stroke: Scott Me
Keown, Sigma Chi, and Robert Ho
chuli, ATO, tied at 0:28.
40-yard breast stroke: Arthur
Hannifin, Sigma Chi, 0:28.8.
120-yard medley: won by the
A.TO team, composed of Pahl, Pal
mer, and Hochuli, in 1:23.
60-yard individual medley: Earl
Fortmiller, Beta, 0:42.2.
120-yard free style relay: won by
the Yeoman team, composed of E.
Curtis, D. Curtis, and Walling, in
Monday's matches will be be
tween Phi Delt and DU, Chi Psi
and SPE, SAE and Yeomen, and
Sigma Chi and Beta.
Libraries Begin Extensive Check
To Identify Periodical Readers
A favorite tale of Miss Lenore Casford, periodical librarian at the
University of Oregon library, is that of a senior who came into the
library shortly before his graduation and remarked to her “I’m going
to graduate in a week—thought I'd come in and see the library before
I leave school.”
In an attempt to determine just which members of the student
body and. faculty do use the li
brary, an extensive survey is be
ing carried on at the University
and the State College in Corval
lis under the direction of Miss
Lucy Lewis, director of libraries.
The more complicated process
of signing for books and maga
zines being used during the spring
term at the library is part of the
record' which is being compiled on
the periodical, reference, and cir
The name of each person who
uses the library and the number of
books he checks out are all care
fully recorded, to determine who
uses the libe and how much.
“The names collected in the sur
vey are for statistical purposes
only and will not be revealed to
professors for checking on student
activity in the library,’’ stated
Miss Lenore Casford of the pe
Professor Smith Sees Decline
In Campus Pacifist Programs
A slowing down of the pacifist movement on the campus was
noted' by Professor S. Stephenson Smith, professor of English and
liberal student of world affairs, who said yesterday that the decline in
the anti-war activity was probably due to the fact that there are so
many wars being fought throughout the world that any attempt to
maintain peace seems an almost hopeless effort.
Another reason which might ac
count for the slump in pacifist ac
tivities on the campus is that the
introduction of the course in Prob
lems of War and Peace acts as a
counter program against military
training, and consequently peace
groups are not quite so concerned.
Professor Smith believes that the
various student Christian unions
have a definite place in the Uni
WOMEN’S BOOKS KISTED
Among the specialized biogra
phies to be fotmd in the reserve
book room of the library is Anita
Browne’s collection, entitled “One
hundred best books by American
women during the past hundred
Jobs Today at 12
Today at noon is the final
deadline for applications for
the positions of Emerald edi
tor, Emerald business mana
ger, Oregana editor, and Ore
Applications must be. turned
in to George Rod’s educational
activities office by noon to be
considered for the publication
The applications should in
clude the name of the appli
cant, the position petitioned
for, previous experience, includ
ing high school or other expe
rience, and what the applicant
would do if appointed.
Orides Will Elect
New Officers at
Orides, independent women's or
ganization, will hold elections of
new officers Monday night at their
Nominees for the offices are:
president, Harriett West, Helen
Dodds; vice-president, Muriel
Beckman, Virginia Ireland; secre
tary, Zola Boyd, Marjorie Skillern;
treasurer, Helen Sutherland; ser
geant-at-arms, Marcia Judkins,
Rosa del Curto.
Only Orides members are quali
fied to vote.
Gift Sent Oregon
By Ariist Jacobs
Most recent addition to the col
lection of beautiful books in the
Pauline Porter Homer collection in
the University of Oregon library is
the gift of a volume of “Portraits
of Thirty Authors” by Leonebel
Jacobs from the artist.
The large, carefully printed vol
ume was published by Charles
Scribner’s Sons, New York, and
contains a foreword by John
Full page pencil portraits of
thirty outstanding modern authors
make up the book, with an accom
panying page of biography and de
scriptive material for each.
Send the Emerald to your par
ents and let them read UO news.
It’s an ill war that blows no
body good. But when Carl
Crow left Shanghai last year
with only a hastily filled suit
case to show for a quarter cen
tury of work in the Orient, he
thought that most of the evil
had blown his way. He was leav
ing to avoid the Japanese of
At present Carl Crow is chief
ly known in the United States
as the author of a book on his
experiences in advertising in
China, “400 Million Customers.”
And if the Japanese had not
found it necessary to “protect”
their property, this book—and a
number of others—might never
have been written.
Bom 55 years ago at High
land, Missouri, Mr. Crow spent
his first 30 years in this coun
try. By 1911 he was city editor
of the Shanghai City Press.
Later he did newspaper work in
Tokyo and made a trip back to
America. Returning to Shang
hai he set up the Evening Post,
and acted as correspondent for
the United Press.
About seven years ago he
established his own advertising
agency. But trying to get the
fourth children of the world to
buy Western products was not
as easy as he had thought. The
Oriental mind, coolie to war
lord, is pracitcally immune to
salesmanship as Americans
know it. The Chinese still re
member the counsel of Confu
cius who warned them to be
ware of well-dressed foreigners
who pretend to be their friends.
Just how Mr. Crow was able to
change some of the self-im
posed, backward ways of these
people is described in “400 Mil
lion Customers.’’ The book can
be taken as a completely enjoy
able chain of related anecdotes,
brimming with Eastern wit; or
it may be read as a graphic
document of Chinese character
seen with the insight of an Occi
dental who knows what he is
Bombings in Shanghai were
never infrequent and Mr. Crow
thought he might have to mcive
out several times, but it was
not until last year that his fears
materialized. Arriving in the
United States he lost no time in
getting down to writing. Re
cently he wrote "I Speak for the
Chinese,” in which he defends
the position of the people with
their backs against the great
wall of China. He wants them
to get a square deal.
An article b$r Mr. Crow, “I
knew a Chinese Bandit,” ap
pears in the April issue of Har
per’s. This tells of his strange
friendship with Swen Miuo, a
Chinese Robin Hoed of 19‘J3 vin
tage. Mr. Crow was assigned
to get food and medical supplies
through to a group of wealthy
travelers which the bandit had
taken from a train, and in the
process of mediation the two
became friends. And although
the bandit did not receive 100,
000 silver dollars ransom he de
manded, and ended up minus
one undiplomatic head, the story
is a good one.
Soon to be published is a
biography of Confucius by Mr.
Crow, “Master. Kung,” which
was started long ago in Shang
hai, and was one of the most
valuable properties that left
that Eastern city 1 one -exciting
night in a suitcase.
By LEROY MATTINGLY
Wednesday night’s press dispatches contained a small t ib
important item which didn't appear or received only small space a
most northwest newspapers.
Oddly enough, that small item had a direct bearing on a faster
in the news which made one of Thursday's biggest stories. Ail
papers gave lengthy accounts importantly displayed of Preside/it
Roosevelt's denial that he desires dictatorial powers. That stoiy
was important because a threat or denial of a threat—to Amest
can democracy was involved.
Important on similar grounds and almost as directly applica
ble were the brief paragraphs whieh announced Governor Lehman
of New York had vetoed a bill passed by the legislature of th<ct
state which would deny communists the right to public* office.
Coming in the midst of a world frightened by war beca.i-f>
orderly processes have been discarded and in a nation which ban
had its share of “red” scares, Governor Lehman's action strikes a
It confirms the belief which makes democracy tenable— that
voters can select a man by democratic processes who recognizer
the value of upholding those processes and of maintaining tbo
principles of freedom.
Governor Lehman stated he vetoed the measure, to quote thw
dispatch, “in the interest of democracy.”
To anyone willing to take time to figure his way through tho
muddle that is government and who will put his fears and preju
dices aside to give reason an opportunity, there can scarcely seem
much danger to the present government of the United States "from
Whether President Roosevelt’s sttpreme court reform bill waa
a step towards dictatorship, the mere suspicion that it was cry
stallized public opinion against it. In America one strong party ia
in office—another strong party is not. The second group is a con
stant check on the actions of the first and difference in strength
between the two is not so great that any highly unpopular move
will not change the control, at least over a period of a few year*.
Add to this the fact that Americans are suspicious of any inovo
to extend control which comes from above and the possibilities for
a. breakdown in our eheek-and-balance, president, congress, and
supreme court government don’t seem worth getting alarmed about.
❖ $ :J»
There is, indeed, a far more insidious force working almost
unnoticed, unfortunately, against democracy.
President, congressmen, and governors, partly because they
are in power, are apt to want extension of power. When they
attempt to seize it directly the reaction is usually too great.
Power in this or any other democracy rests finally in the hard*
of the people. It is upon their ability to exercise that power wisely
that the slim thread which holds democracy apart from totalitar
ianism is fastened.
Americans are inclined to speak of the "advantages” of a
democracy. Too often they fail to see that those advantages aro
made possible only because the opinions cf everyone, both majori
ties and minorities, are consulted when the policies of governing'
the group are formed.
Majorities can, it seems, easily gain the means of expressing
their opinions. Minorities are faced with great difficulties individ
uals are handicapped to an even greater degree.
* St sic
Upon one thing is the opportunity for representation of these
two less fortunate groups based- liberty. And liberty, therefore, ii*
the base of democracy.
There are four types of liberty: civil liberty, political liberty,
religious liberty, and individual liberty. They are guaranteed every
American citizen by the bill of rights, the constitution, and mono
New York’s bill to prevent communists from holding office wa.*J
clearly a blow at the political liberty of a minority. As long a:i
that minority takes or incites no action against the government,
our laws guarantee citizens belonging to it every right and eve: j
It is from such incidents, destroying as they do democratic
process at its roots, that the real threat to democracy is to bo
found. It is not necessary to go to New York for example. The re
cent expose of Portland police methods conducted by The Ore
gonian revealed that the rights of many workers had been in
fringed. And Oregon’s own governor has advocated and especial
ly in a speech made to law enforcement officers—the use of ext a
legal methods and force in labor difficulties.
The person who claims to be the staunchest defender of democ
cracy, "100 per cent American,” "my country, right: or wrong,” if*
democracy’s worst enemy today. His intellectual background or
his logic are not thorough enough to demonstrate to him that de
mocracy cannot be preserved by going outside its limitations to
enlist fascistie methods.
'Governor Lehman has come to the rescue of political freedom
in New York state. The American Civil Liberties Union has been
successful in defending citizen’s rights in numerous cases. Too
many Americans haven’t, however, realized that a democratic state
can exist only when they guard and fight for and vote for the
tenets upon which it stands.
Fortunately this bit of news was good news. It's too bad, how
ever, that most newspapers didn’t see fit to give it the space it w.aa
Wilkinson to Attend
The University school of physi
cal education will send Jim Wil
kinson, graduate assistant and
swimming instructor, to Spokane
for the Northwest district of
American Health and Physical
Education meeting there on Ap.; A
4, 5, and 6.
The Oregon representative v/i|l
leave some time Sunday or Morto*
day afternoon, he said. While in
Spokane he will attend the an
nual Inland Imperial Teacher’a