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About Oregon daily emerald. (Eugene, Or.) 1920-2012 | View Entire Issue (May 4, 1933)
University of Oregon, Eugene
Richard Neuberger, Editor Harry Schenk, Manager
Sterling Green, Managing Editor
Thornton Gale, Associate Editor; Jack Bellinger, Julian Prescott.
UPPER NEWS STAFF
Oscar Munger, News Ad.
Francis Pallister, Copy Ed.
Bruce Hamby, Sports Ed.
Parks Hitchcock, Makeup Ed.
Bob Moore, Chief Night Ed.
jonn urosa, juiierary r^a
Bob Guild, Dramatics Ed.
Jessie Steele, Women's Ed.
Esther Hayden, Society Ed.
Ray Clapp, Radk> Ed.
DAY EDITORS: Rob Patterson, Francis Paliistcr, Doug Polivka,
Joe Saslavsky. Ralph Mason.
NIGHT EDITORS—Bob McCombs, Douglas JVIacLean, John
Hollopeter, Bob Couch, Don Evans.
SPORTS STAFF: Malcolm Bauer. Asst. Editor; Ned Simpson,
Bob Riddle, Bob Avison. Bill Eberhart, Jack Chinnock, and
Roberta Moody, Jack Miller.
FEATURE WRITERS: Elinor Henry, Maximo Pulido, Hazle
REPORTERS: Julian Prescott, Madeleine Gilbert, Ray Clapp,
Ed Stanley, David Eyre, Bob Guild, Paul Ewing, Cynthia
LUJeqviat, Ann-Reed Burns, Peggy Chessman. Ruth King,
Betty Ohlemiller, Roberta Moody, Audrey Clark, Bill Belton,
Don Olds, Gertrude Lamb, Roland Parks, Frances Hardy.
WOMEN’S PAGE ASSISTANTS: Jane Opsund, Elsie Peterson,
Mary Stewart, and Elizabeth Crommelin.
COPYREADERS: Harold Brower. Nar.cy Lee, Margaret Hill,
Edna Murphy, Mary Jane Jenkins, Frances Rothwell, Caro
line Rogers, Claire Bryson.
ASSISTANT NIGHT EDITORS—Betty Gearhart, Portia Booth,
Jean Luckel, Margaret Corum, Carolyn Schink, Betty Shoe
maker, Ruth Vannice, June Sexsmith. Carmen Blais, Elma
Giles, Evelyn Schmidt. Cynthia Liljeqvist, Frances Neth,
Frances Hardy, Gwen La Barre.
RADIO STAFF: Ray dapp, Editor; Barney Clark, George
Callas, Marjorie McNiece.
SECRETARIES—Louise Beers, Lina Wilcox.
Adv. Mgr., Mahr Keymcrs
National Adv. Mgr., Auton Bush
Promotional Mgr., Marylou
Asst. Adv, Mgr., Grant
Aast. Adv. Mgr. Bill Russell
Executive Secretary, Dorotny
Circulation Mgr., Ron Rew.
Office Mgr., Helen Stinger
ClaBR. Ad. Mgr., Althea Peterson
Checking Mgr., Ruth Storla
Checking M?r.. Pearl Murnhv
ADVERTISING ASSISTANTS: Fred Fisher, Ed Labbc, Cor
rinno Plath, Bill Meissner, Ruth Baker, George Brice, Parker
Favier, Eldon Haherman, Maurice Vannier, Frances Fearnley,
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OFFICE ASSISTANTS: Phyllis Cousins, Patricia Campbell,
Betty Bretsehcr, Betty Hently, Elma Giles, Jeanette Thomp
son, Jean Bailey, Marjorie McNiece, Willa Bitz, Betty Shoe
Maker, Ruth Byerly, Ruth McCormick, Mary Jane Jenkins,
EDITORIAL OFFICES, Journalism Bldg. Phone 3300—News
Room, Local 355; Editor and Managing Editor, Local 364.
BUSINESS OFFICE, McArthur Court. Phone 3300—Local 214.
A member of the Major College Publications, represented by
A. J. Norris Hill Co., 155 E. 42nd St., New York City; 123 W.
Madison St., Chicago; 1004 End Avc., Seattle; 1206 Maple Avc.,
Los Angeles ; Call Building, San Francisco.
The Oregon Daily Emerald, official student publication of
the University of Oregon, Eugene, issued daily except Sunday
and Monday during the college year. Entered in the postoffice
at Eugene, Oregon, as second-class matter. Subscription rates,
$2 .50 a year. __ __
The Emeruld'a Creed for Oregon
“ . . . . There Is always the human temptation to
forget that the erection of buildings, the formulation of
new curricula, the expansion of departments, the crea
tion of new functions, and similar routine duties of
the administration are but means to an end. There is
always a glowing sense of satisfaction in the natural
impulse for expansion. This frequently leads to regard
ing achievements us ends in themselves, whereas the
truth is that these various appearances of growth and
achievement can be justified only in so far as they
make substantial contribution to the ultimate objec
tives of education .... providing adequate spiritual
and intellectual training for youth of today—the citi
zenship of tomorrow. . . .
“ . . . . The University should be a place where
classroom experiences and faculty contacts should stimu
late and train youth for the most effective use of all
the resources with which nature has endowed them. Dif
ficult and challenging problems, typical of the life
and world in which they are to live, must he given
them to solve. They must be taught under the expert
supervision of instructors to approach the solution of
these problems in a workmanlike way. with a dis
ciplined intellect, with a reasonable command of the
techniques that i re involved, with a high sense of in
tellectual adventure, and with a genuine devotion to the
ideals of intellectual integrity. . . .’’—From the Biennial
Report of the University of Oregon for 1031-32.
The American people’cannot be too careful in
guarding the freedom of speech and of the press
against curtailment as to the discussion of public
affairs and the character and conduct of public
men. —Carl Schura.
% - -
AN ANALYSIS OF THE BUDGET
(From a University Perspective)
EVER since the men of this land first rebelled
against the oppression of British rule, the
American people have guarded jealously the right
U. S. Institution
to euucaie men cniiuien. h
is a privilege for which the
first settlers on this conti
nent struggled across half
me world 10 me Darren coast or jxew ruigiauu. n
is one of the underlying principles of American
democracy. Martyrs have died for it; patriots have
suffered for it. Down through the most eventful
years in the history of civilization it has been a
beacon beckoning to all mankind.
The perpetuation of this sacred heritage was
comparatively easy in the natal days of this coun
try. The population was scattered, the struggling
little nation was almost continually in debt. Ex
pansion was accomplished with great difficulties.
Then the world moved on; a succession of indom
itable argonauts pushed the boundaries of America
westward; the 13 states became 21 states, 3G states
and finally IS states. Great men appeared and
left their footprints on the land. In two centuries
the little nation became a mighty power, a host
to be reckoned with.
And these complexities spread to education.
The little country schoolhouses of before became
rambling structures of steel and brick. The make
the Primary Function
shill college, where a hand
ful of scholars grouped
themselves about an aged
professor, expanded into
great institutions costing thousands of dollars every
month to operate. Education developed into a great
industry. An educator, Thomas Woodrow Wilson
by name, even ascended to the highest position in
the land. He was one of a little band of idealists
and intellectuals who surveyed the rapid growth
of the educational system, and recommended that
untiring efforts be devoted to the student and not
the many ramifications which gradually were be
coming camp-followers of the army of higher learn
ing, attaining ,i purpose, to be sure, but not the
specific purpose id' higher education. And it is
this logical premise on which wo will base our
analysis of one of education's many modern com
plexities the estimated budget of the Oregon State
system of higher education tin 1933-31 school year.
* 4- *
There now is before the state board of higher
„education a budget calling for an expenditure of
$2,278,788.19 for the fiscal year ending Jiipe 30.
1931. This is $559,952.15 below that of the present
year, or a reduction of 20.1 per cent. Obviously,
this lash and manner iu \ihkh it wa; accomplished
require considerable investigation, particularly in
view of the fact that institutions of higher learning
already were operating on budgets reduced approxi
mately 30 per cent below the zenith year of 1929-30.
In surveying the budget, one important fact
should be remembered. Income from unrestricted
funds has been estimated in five different ways.
This has been necessary be
cause of the various immi
nent fluctuations in the mill
age income, the possibility
of a decline in student enrollment and the con
tingency of a decrease or raise in student fees. The
first and second bases provide for deficiencies be
low the required unrestricted fund income of
$2,278,788.19; the third, fourth and fifth provide for
surpluses. By sums they follow:
Basis I—$114,752.33, deficiency.
Basis II $35,252.33, deficiency.
Basis III $10,280.32, surplus.
Basis IV $50,280.32, surplus.
Basis V $90,280.32, surplus.
Obviously, therefore, being dependent upon the
fluctuations in millage income and student fees,
there either will be a surplus or deficiency to be
accounted for. In connection, therewith, is the
problem of providing for a deficiency or consuming
* * *
Shall the deficiency be taken care of by the
funds of the University, which receives $646,979.11
for 2045 students, or shall it come out of the in
All Wo Ask
come of Oregon State col
lege, which is scheduled to
obtain .$939,454.23 for 1971
students? Should there be
| a surplus, which school should receive it? On the
j face of things, whether there is a surplus or defi
| ciency is a minor matter. But it is one that should
I be taken care of before the greater problems are
j encountered. ' On the value of information which
we have presented, and data which we have yet
to present, it seems obvious that any surplus should
be credited to the University and any deficiency
should be provided for elsewhere.
We ask for no special favors. All we hope for
is an equitable division for the University of Ore
gon. That alone gives us the right to request that
no future reductions be made in the unrestricted
funds allotted to this school. We already have ac
cepted our share.
* • *
I We must start with centralized activities before
delving into the appropriations to the two institu
tions proper. The unrestricted funds to each school
by major segregations:
University of Oregon
General .$ 95,595.35
Administration . 35,857.84
Instruction . 387,805.18
Research . 7,096.00
Physical Plant . 120,024.74
Oregon State College
General .$ 99,443.70
Administration . 34,291.30
Instruction . 572,645.48
Research, Agricultural . 43,858.00
Physical Plant . 188,215.75
Thus we see that the state college receives
more in unrestricted funds in all save one activity,
administration. For the latter the University re
ceives an excess of approxi
Rememlier What mately $1600. We grant
Wilson Said that the state college, being
a technical school, should be
allotted more money for its physical plant and gen
eral fund. The equipment necessary to engineer
ing, science and agriculture, ali majors at Oregon
State, demand considerably more attention and up
keep than that used at the University.
* * *
But there are two items which we cannot under
stand. As mentioned yesterday, there is the allot
ment of $43,858 for agricultural research at Oregon
State. Kven though this goes to match and supple
ment federal money, wo cannot see the excuse for
it in the current financial emergency. As Wood
row Wilson and his contemporaries declared two
decades ago, education should be primarily for the
student. All else should be incidental.
If that $43,858 were to be used to teach a stu
dent at Corvallis to build a bridge or be a success
ful dairy farmer, we would not object so strenu
ously. But, when the Uni
Education Must versity faculty operates un
Come First der a 21.9 per cent cut in
addition to other decreases,
the $43,858 for agricultural activities looms moun
tain-size. As we have said before, we are not op
posed to agricultural projects. All we ask is that
appropriations for them be subordinated to those
for essential educational work in this crisis.
The Univeisity of Oregon faculty will receive
| $387,805.18. This is $185,840.30 less than will be
spent at the college for the same item. We are
willing to concede a reasonable excess at the col
lege over the University because of the numerous
small classes which must be taught at the former,
laboratory equipment in engineering, chemistry and
similar subjects making such groups necessary.
But. taking into consideration the recent decline in
enrollment, it still seems evident that the discrep
ancy between the two schools is too great.
Oregon States faculty item has been reduced
i “2.7 per cent. The University’s has been trimmed
1 21.9 per cent. As compared to this, cumulative
enrollment at Corvallis is reported to have droppeii >
■from 3443 to 2509, a reduction of approximately
| 27 per cent. Cumulative registration at the Uni
| versity is reported to have descended from 3088
Mo 2509, a decline of approximately only 12 per |
Figures speak louder than words.
(To be concluded tomorrow)
Indiana had a population of 6.550 in 1800, 16
years before the territory became a state.
Animated cartoons are the most popular movie
;hort films in Colombia.
Idle men are being used to develop a botanical1
park on idle land at Asheville, N. C. The park will
contain 50,000 rhododendron shrubs.
Ninety-eight per cent of crop loans advanced
farmers of Spartanburg county, S. C., have been
repaid, say. .1. L. Mosely, Jr., field inspector.
Several hundred sparrows were frozen to death
when a sleet storm trapped them in the trees at
Boa ling Green, Kentucky.
Or No? Make Your Choice By'STAN LEY robe
V V\ \ <1 i
Cancer Quacks and Cures
(Editor’s note: a prominent
University student in pre-med
ics, gives his views upon the
subject of cancer and “cancer
cures,” in connection with work
of this nature being done at the
University medical school under
Dr. Richard Diiiehunt.)
By REUBEN LOCKITCH
LARGE tent, a first class
show, and a most persuasive
gentleman represent the back
ground for the dispensing of a
miraculous compound, the efficacy
of which, judging by the eloquent
claims made for it, is really no less
than astounding. The audience is
lulled into a purchasing mood by
the hypnotic voice of the "patent
medicine faker," 100 bottles of this
omnipotent concoction are quickly
exchanged for as many dollars
and the day’s business is done.
Thus, playing the South in winter
and the North in summer, this
clever salesman, in spite of the
keen competition of the talkies and
the automobile, manages to extract
a fat sum of money each year from
thousands of pockets because of
the child-like faith and gullibility
of the average man or woman who
is ill or half ill, or who imagines
for no good reason at ail that for
mal health is not being enjoyed.
The situation would perhaps be
amusing were it not for the la
mentable fact that a proportion
of tlie victims cling so to the state
ments so alluringly made, and as
persuasively, though by inference,
published on the bottle's label, that
they needlessly suffer or even die
in consequence. Therein lies the
pity of the matter. As a point of
fact, that is the pity of all this
amazing hocus-pocus, which, with
glib tongues, glamorous promises,
and glittering labels, imposes it
self upon the confidence of suf
fering mortals. Delayed cures, or
what is more unfortunate, prema
ture funerals, in thousands of
cases inevitably result.
Such consequences, however, do
not disturb the sublime tranquil
ity of the "professors,” who im
modestly admit that through their
wonderful discoveries they have
outstripped the indefatigable and
brilliant scientific research men,
backed by the millions of the phil
Now, the peculiar thing is that
the modern faker is little changed,
either in method or manner, from
his predecessor of 50 years ago.
While incantations, amulets, and!
charms have been discarded, prae-1
tically all of the abacadabra sur-!
vives. In short, through quacks,
quack advertising, cults, “pathys", |
on food and tobacco exploitations,
the American citizen of today isj
so hammered at on the subject ofj
health that he develops either a!
complex or a logical callousness
toward the whole business. It can.
therefore, be safely said that mis
applied aud misstated facts on1
health arc a real menace to the
« * »
One of the most harmful of
"patent medicines" to come un-'
der recent medical observation is
the one known as Koremlu Cream.
This cream, which is used as a de
pilatory. contains a potent drug
thallium acetate—which, when not
used carefully, causes baldness and
harmful effects on the central and!
sympathetic nervous fcvstems Nu-;
meroii-- cases are on record of dio
ability brought about by the use
of this cream.
Since cancer has risen from the
sixth most prominent cause of
death to second place in the fa
tality list, being surpassed only
by heart disease, medical fakers
have concentrated their efforts on
cancer-stricken victims. Not in
frequently, when a physician has
been called in to see a patient who
is suffering miserably from a can
cer in the advanced stages, has he
discovered by questioning the his
tory of treatment at the hands of
a quack or “patent medicine"
The American Society for the
Control of Cancer was organized
on May 22, 1913, as a national
agency “to disseminate knowledge
concerning the symptoms, diag
nosis, treatment, and prevention
* * *
Cancer is a curious disease, due
principally to the “running wild”
of certain parts of the body tissue.
For example, a few cells in the
liver or some other similar organ,
grow beyond the natural limit and
invade the surrounding tissues;
then we have a cancer. This can
cer often does not give any notice
of its presence until a long time
after the trouble has begun, be
cause the cells composing it are
the same, or nearly the same, as
the cells from which they origin
ated, and therefore, the body does
not recognize the fact that an
alien element is present until the
cancer has attained a considerable
size. The origin of a cancer has
been aptly compared to the situa
tion occuring in a family seated
at the dinner table when a sup
posed relative arrives and is given
a place—the newcomer eating all
of the food, and eventually starv
ing the family itself. This is just
how a cancer behaves. It starts
very quietly; is quite minute at
first, but gradually grows and de
stroys the very tissue that feed it,
until ultimately it kills its ljont by
the destruction of some essential
part of the body.
* * *
Cancer occurs so frequently that
there is hardly a person who has
not known of its occurrence among
his immediate relatives or friends.
It is important to remember, how
ever, that if it is discovered in an
'early stage, the cancer can be re
moved with a great probability of
ultimate and permanent recovery.
It would therefore appear that
many more people must be edu
cated to the tremendous impor
tance of periodic health examina
tions as the true “discoverers” of
such baffling diseases in a stage
when curative and corrective mea
sures are still practicable. More
over, they must somehow be
trained to rely only upon the heal
ing art in its more ethical expres
sions to cure their maladies. Na
ture cults, autohemic theurapy, as
tral healing, crompathy, diet fads,
and all the rest of the tribe, in
cluding alleged cures and testi
monies of neurotics, must be
thrown on the ash heap, in the
province of which they so justly
* * *
Certainly, fools we will always
have with us, but further to re
tard the foolishness of such indi
viduals, which foolishness is now
applied to health fakes and fak
ers, is a worthy cause indeed. Re
markable, almost unbelieveable,
progress would be made in this
laudable campaign if everyone
would seriously ask himself the
question, “Am I a hocus-pocus vic
tim?” and then act accordingly.
(The background for Mr. Lock
itch's discourse on cancer and med
ical fakers was obtained from Hy
geia and the journal of the Ameri
can Medical association.)
LETTERS to the EDITOR
All “Letters to the Editor'* must bear either th** signature or initials of the
writer, the former being preferred. Because of space limitations, the editor
reserves the right to Withhold such communications as he sees fit. All letters
should be concise and to tho point. The editor of the Emerald solicits opinions
and constructive criticism from the members of the student body.
Against Optional Membership
To the Editor of the Emerald:
Sir: It is my belief that the
amendment providing for optional
membership should be defeated.
With reduced incomes because of
declining enrollment every student
should be made to contribute to
the A. S. U. O. treasury. Every
member has equal rights. He can
see the games, attend the con
certs, and run for student body
office if he wishes. Membership
is well worth the five dollars a
term it costs, and I therefore think
this amendment should be de
For Optional Meml>cr.ship
To the Editor of the Emerald:
Sir: Shall membership in the
Associated Students be optional?
Today students will have an op
portunity to go to the polls and
decide this issue and decide
whether everyone shall be arbi
trarily taxed $15 a year, regard
less of personal wishes. An amend
ment providing that membership
shall be optional will appear on
May I make a two-fold appeal:
first, for those students who are;
making a desperate attempt to!
coutmue their education m face oti
the most trying financial circum
stances. To many of them the
difference between $38 a term and
$33 a term for fees is a signifi
cant matter. Scores of students
have been forced out of school for
lack of funds. The state board
of higher education is considering
reducing fees by $3 or $6 a term.
If the latter reduction is made
and the amendment is passed,
students who so desire can come
to the University for $27 a term.
By voting “yes'’ on this amend
ment regarding optional member
ship you may provide the means
for a numberW students to come
to school who otherwise would be
kept away. Is it fair and just
to deprive them of this oppor
My second appeal is this; Make
the Associated Students provide a
program that is worth $5 a term,
so the students will join. We all
know that the average student
isn't getting his money's worth
not by a long shot! Nearly all
the football games are in Los An
geles or Portland; minor sports
don't gel a dime. All most of us
get is the Emerald six bits out
of our five bucks. The A. S. U. O.
appointments are made to political
hangers-on. and it's a rare phe
nomenon when an independent
student gets a fair break. I think
it's time to call the bluff—give us
our money’s worth or we won’t
In the name of justice and fair
ness let’s go to the polls today
and put this amendment over.
OPTIONAL MEMBERSHIP is
what we want. Let's say it with
G. L. S.
Prof. Thacher Replies
To the Editor of the Emerald:
Sir: Your correspondent who
signs himself "Luke Fidich" is
clearly entitled to the information
for which he asks, and I am glad
to give it to him, and to any oth
ers who may have wondered why
Professor Howe was substituted
for Mr. James McCool as a judge
in the Edison Marshall short story
contest which was recently con
To each of the judges originally
asked to serve there was sent a
sheet of instructions from which
the following is taken: “Each story
in the list below is to be given a
percentage rating. If possible, no
two ratings should be duplicated.
The only ‘standards’ recognized are
those of the short fiction in the
better class of contemporary mag
azines. Each judge, however, will
make his own interpretation of
Out of the 24 stories submitted
and forwarded to Mr. McCool, he
gave ten the percentage rating re
quired. The other fourteen he
When findftgs from the other
two judges were received it ap
peared that the manuscripts which
received the highest percentage
ratings, with one exception, were
among the stories marked “d” by
Mr. McCool. As I had no way of
knowing what rank was indicated
by this symbol, there was no pos
sibility of arriving at a combined
rating that would represent the
opinion of the three judges. And
as Mr. McCool had not complied
with the stipulations on the sheet
1 of instructions, it seemed to be
that, in the interests of obvious
i fairness, I was justified in asking
another judge to serve in his place.
No one of the three judges saw
the decision of either of the other
two. The manuscripts were not
signed. I did not myself know the
authors until I had completed the
compilation of the judges’ ratings.
The winning story, “Mother Per
rell” received a percentage total of
260. The next story in order re
ceive^ a total of 230.
Mr. McCool has a perfect right
to his own opinions as to the merit
of the stories. Possibly he may be
justified in his estimate of their
mediocrity. The contest is open to
all students in the University, and
j I am familiar with only a few of
! the manuscripts submitted, which
^ I have recognized because they
; have been previously turned in as
( class assignments,
j Finally—I regret that the mat
I ter has been given publicity. I
have been somewhat concerned
about the proprieties involved, and
before I decided to ask another
judge to serve, I consulted a num
ber of people—among them, your
self, Mr. Neuberger. There seemed
to be no other procedure. Probably
I should have written to Mr. Mc
Cool at the time; but I did not feel
like asking him to wrestle still
further with the manuscripts; and
a fair and final decision was pos
sible only with a percentage rat
ing for each story submitted. I am
! writing to Mr. McCool forthwith,
: and I most sincerely hope that he
i will understand the problem with
which I was faced, and the rea
sons for my solution.
W. F. G. THACHER.
Battery lUtchcock ||
“The women are having every
thing their own way at the in
firmary now'. There are four of
them to one lone man. They are
Mildred Maida, Nell B. Halstead,
Peggy McKie, Irene Van Houten,
and Gilbert Olinger.”—News Note,
Well, Gib can hold his own.
* * *
Today’s accolade goes to Ed
Charles and Clay Sherman, who
served so valiantly at the fire the
other night. You can be sure that
when there’s anything hot in sight,
those boys will be there.
* * *
We nominate for the I<eg club
and the free pass to the Colonial:
Bob Ferguson, because of his fa
mous intrusion at a recent formal
, # * *
The present inflation scheme re
minds us of nothing so much as
a see-saw with the dollar on one
end and commodity prices on the
other. When one goes up the
other goes down, but F. D. prob
ably overlooked the fact that one
of them might fall off the board
while the other was up in the air.
WILL HOLD SECOND
ANNUAL MOOT TRIAL
Pre-law! That’s what we
thought when we heard the first
* * *
ON THE POLICE BLOTTER:
A1 McKelligon, the victorious war
horse. . . . Bob Hudson crossing
the drag. . . . Bob Welch chinning
with someone. . . . Bud Johns go
ing to a class. . . . Peggy Chess
man smiling sweetly. . . . Drew
Copp, the Phi Psi flash. . . .
Active Maid and Kampus
Kicks Sport Shoes in
White Elk, Pigskin, White
and Blond Roughies.
Comfort and style in
MCDONALD THEATRE BLDG.
13th and Hilyard
DO YOU WANT
WE HAVE IT - - - AND CHEAP!
SEE THE LARGE PILES OF
IN OUR WINDOW
Ot course we have belter paper (anti recommend it),
but for those who must make a little motley go
extremely far, here is great quantity at a very