Oregon daily emerald. (Eugene, Or.) 1920-2012, January 27, 1931, Image 1

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    The Weather
Minimum . 47
Maximum . 57
Precipitation .22
Every Worker
Co-operates in
Modern Utopia
Powers Hapgood Pictures
Labor System Used
In Own Plant
Factory Policies Decided
By Employees Even to
President’s Wage
“The workers decide every pol
icy, from how much the president
should get in wages to how much
the company should give to relief
for strikers,” Powers Hapgood,
who spoke before a number of
classes yesterday, told Jesse H.
Bond’s class in Social Unrest, in
alluding to the Columbia Conserve
company of Indianapolis. Mr.
Hapgood’s father is president of
( the company, and he holds a minor
“Social unrest,” Mr. Hapgood
said, "is caused by the insecurity
of labor, mal-distribution of in
come, and a lack of opportunity
for the laborer to obtain a hearing
for his grievances. I have seen
unspeakable labor conditions while
working among non-union coal
miners; yet I have met forces op
posed to labor organization. I
have been arrested no less than
12 times while organizing non
union miners. Because I was born
an American and could speak good
English I was each time acquit
laborers Poorly Paid
“Eighty-six per cent of the la
borers are receiving inadequate
wages. When the Columbia Con
serve company was turned over to
the workers 13 years ago, it was
with the intention that they might
by their own efforts place them
selves in the secure 14 per cent.
Predictions of failure turned out
^ to be meaningless, and the busi
ness has, since 1917, brought in
substantial profits every year ex
cept 1921,” Mr. Hapgood pointed
“Every decision of policy rests
entirely in the hands of the coun
cil, which includes all the em
ployees. It determines wages, se
lects the company’s leaders, regu
lates sales and purchases, selects
prospective workmen, and releases
Health Department Kept
“A health department is main
tained by the company, which
spends on the average about $250
per employee every year. An old
age pension which holds good for
life is given the workman who be
comes disabled, regardless of age.
One man 27 years old is receiving
a life pension of $25 a week. Sal
ary is regulated not by position,
but by the needs of the man and
his family, but no employee re
ceives less than $22 a week. We
^ follow out the policy ‘From each in
accordance to his power; to each
in accordance with his needs,’ but
there is still incentive, for every
man wants to be a foreman, and
every man desires to impress his
fellows with his own ability to aid
both the company and the needy
of the outside world.
“In 1929 the workers received
two and one-half times the wages
of those in other canning com
panies, the company undersold all
(Continuted on Page Four)
I -
Ben Litfin, publisher of The
Dalles Chronicle, who was elected
president of the Oregon Press con
ference for 1931 at the end of the
meeting here Saturday.
B. Litfin of Dalles
Elected President
Of ’32 Press Meet
Heppner Paper Is Judged
Best Weekly in State;
125 at Conference
The newspaper delegates, after
having attended the annual Oregon
Press Conference here over the
week-end. have now returned to
work once more, to try and solve
their problems from the help re
ceived from the discussions of gen
eral newspaper matters.
The conference this year was
quite successful, according to Dean
Eric W. Allen of the school of
journalism. In spite of the busi
ness depression, he said, -the con
vention was one of the most suc
cessful ever held. The number of
delegates has increased from 40
or 50 several years ago to about
125 this year.
Ben R. Litfin, of The Dalles
Chronicle, was chosen Saturday to
be the president of the conference
next year, succeeding Louis Fel
sheim, of the Bandon Western
World. George Turnbull, of the
school of journalism here, was re
elected secretary, having served in
that position many years.
The Sigma Delta Chi trophy for
the best weekly in the state was
presented to the Heppner Gazette
Times at the University luncheon
Saturday noon. The Hillsboro Ar
gus, last year’s winner, was given
a certificate of merit.
Felsheim was elected an associ
ate member of Sigma Delta Chi,
international professional journal
ism fraternity. Short talks were
made at the luncheon by Dr. Ar
nold Bennett Hall, president of the
University; Hal E. Hoss, secretary
of state; Mr. Litfin; Mr. Felsheim;
Robert W. Sawyer, of the Bend
Bulletin; Vinton Hall, editor of the
Emerald; and Neil Taylor, presi
dent of Sigma Delta Chi. Anton
Peterson, manager of the Emer
ald, presided.
Is Power of Concentration a
Forgotten College Technique?
Is more required of the students ,
of today who assertedly ‘‘never1
get to bed before midnight” and i
* “are up until after 2 almost every
night” than was required of Ore
gon students in past years?
Answers given by graduates in j
recent interviews differ as to opin
ions but agree on one factor that!
the art of concentrated study has
been lost, by many students of to
"I know two students, average
and a little above in intelligence,
who claim that they could make
Phi Beta Kappa with eight hours
of scholastic endeavor a day,” said
Dean Karl W. Onthank, when ap
proached with this question. Dean
Onthank stressed the need of de
veloping the ability to work with
* effectiveness, but admitted that
more was expected of students
^ now than when he was a student
in the University. Dean Onthank
received his first degree from Ore
gon in 1913.
“It is all a matter of economy
of time,” according to Ralph U.
Moore, who graduated from the
University of Oregon in 1923.
“When I was doing my undergrad
uate work, I worked half time for
self support and carried the regu
lar 16 hours a term,” Mr. Moore
Mr. Moore bases his belief that
students of today can do the same
thing that he did in college with
out much trouble on the fact that
his daughter and son, now stu
dents at Oregon, are each work
ing half time and carrying the reg
ular number of hours.
“I carried the usual number of
hours when I was in the Univer
sity, and I always had time for
play," said Mrs. Edith Baker Pat
tee, of the class of 1911. “The first
(Continued on Page Three)
Great Soprano
Comes Next On
ASUO Concerts
Florence Austral Billed
To Give Program at
McArthur Court
Feb. 5 Is Date for Joint
Recital With John
Amadio, Flutist
Next on the series of interna
tionally known musicians, who are
appearing on associated student
conceits at McArthur court this
winter, • is Florence Austral, the
great soprano, who will give a
joint recital here with her hus
band, John Amadio, brilliant flut
ist, on the evening of Thursday,
February 5.
“Why not pronounce Austral the
greatest soprano in the world and
invite challenge if anyone wishes
to debate the point?” asked the
critic for the Cincinnati Enquirer
in May, 1929, after her third con
secutive engagement at the Cin
cinnati music festival. .
Which is a sentiment that has
been expressed by several of the
most eminent British and Amer
ican critics. A year ago Tetraz
zini of London said, “To my mind,
Florence Austral is the greatest
soprano of today.”
Stock Commended Artist
And Arthur Boardman, of the
school of music faculty, recalls
that not long ago he heard Theo
dore Stock, famous conductor of
the Chicago Symphony orchestra,
remark that he thought Florence
Austral had "one of the greatest
voices of the generation.”
It will be strictly an Australa
sian performance when Austral
and her husband appear in con
cert. She was born in Australia,
and Amadio in New Zealand. Fol
lowing the precedent of that great
Australian singer, Dame Nellie
Melba, who took her name from
her native city of Melbourne, Miss
Austral, whose real name is Flor
ence Mary Wilson, adopted the
name of Austral, the first two
syllables of the name of her coun
Lived in Country
Spending her early life in a
rural environment in which great
music was never heard, Miss Aus
tral sang ballads and little songs
at amateur musicals and church
concerts. But in 1918 she entered
a music festival at Victoria, New
South Wales, and her success was
so significant that she began her
formal music education at a con
servatory in Melbourne, complet
ing the course in 18 months.
Four years later, after studying
in London, Miss Austral made her
operatic debut as Brunnhilde. Her
operatic career has been impres- i
sive and she has sung nearly all I
the great soprano roles.
corn in new z,eaianu
John Amadio was born in Wel
lington, New Zealand. He was
only 12 when he played a flute
concerto with the Wellington Or
chestral society. His ability was
quickly appreciated and he was
sent to Australia for further
study. At 15 he was principal
flutist for an Italian opera com
pany which toured Australia.
A few years later he was with
the first Melba Opera company,
which included John McCormack.
Later he. made his first English
appearance, which was a marked
success. His subsequent appear
ances as solo artist in Rome, Paris,
Berlin, and New York have been
equally happy.
Dr. Hodge Returns From
Convention of Geologists
Dr. Edwin T. Hodge, professor
of geology, returned from the East
yesterday where he attended the
annual convention of the Geologi
cal Society of America at Toron
to, Canada. While there he read
a paper on the origin of the Co
lumbia river.
“I have just one thing to say
at present,” said Dr. Hodge, “and
that is I’m mighty glad to see
green grass, breath clean air and
enjoy the mild atmosphere of Eu
gene after having spent seven
weeks in the East where the cit
ies are covered with a foot of
snow, with garbage and all the
rest of the cities' debris frozen in
to it, until it represents a winter's
accumulation. Eugene looks like
' a paradise in comparison.
Knowledge of Background
Of Women’s Jobs Important
Vocational Program Aids
Students To Form Many
Valuable Contacts
That it is more important that
college women become acquainted
with the background of different
occupations before they choose
their vocation, than that they
make choice while in college, was
the thought expressed by Karl W.
Onthank, dean of personnel ad
ministration, and Mrs. Hazel
Prutzman Schwering, dean of wo
men, in interviews yesterday.
“Perhaps the biggest thing the
women of the campus will get out
of the talks to be given the rest
of the year as part of the voca
tional program which the Asso
ciated Women students is sponsor
ing, will be not the technical in
formation on the various occupa
tions, but the contact with women
who themselves have made a suc
cess in the different fields,” Dean
Onthank said.
“These women can give first
hand information as to the back
ground, the disagreeable as well
as the agreeable features of their
work,” he continued. It is import
ant to know, before definitely
j choosing an occupation, if the dis
j agreeable features will be offset
by the compensations. If one's
J emotional reaction to these disa
greeable things is such that he or
she will be unhappy in that line of
work, it is of course, very advan
tageous to find this out before en
tering the work.”
"Most people want to build
I their lives, not necessarily to be
come wealthy,” the personnel dean
! said. "The problem of college wo
men is not so much to decide im
mediately what their vocations will
be, as to get information so that
when they face the decision they
have sufficient background about
| the different fields on which to
base an intelligent decision.”
Many girls in college who are
training for some specialized work,
which their families have chosen
for them or which they have
adopted because of lack of infor
mation of other vocational possi
bilities, have potential ability along
other lines, Mrs. Schwering de
clared. Choosing one's vocation
early is advisable in that one has
an opportunity to get experience
(Continued on Page Three)
Emerald Begins
Daily 15 Minute j
News Broadcast
Ralph David To Supervise
New Feature of Editorial
Feature Comment
Inaugurating a new feature in
editorial and news emphasis each
day, the Oregon Daily Emerald
began yesterday with a 15-minute
radio broadcast through the cour
tesy of the radio station KORE.
The daily programs will start at
4:45 and be under the supervision
of Ralph Davi4, radio editor.
Hour Is Convenient
Consisting of editorial comment
from the Emerald, and interesting
and important news stories, the
feature will be an additional serv
ice provided by the campus pub
Through cooperation with offi
cials of KORE an hour has been
secured when many students, Eu
gene citizens, and neighboring
communities' may benefit. In most
living organizations at the Uni
versity of Oregon study hours are
raised at 4:30, it has been deter
mined, providing an opportunity
for many to listen in.
News Given Early
Beginning yesterday, David in
cluded in his program some arti
cles, editorial and otherwise, that
appear in this issue. It is hoped
that people may be informed of
Bomei 0t the news at an earlier
date and that their interest be di
rected more decidedly toward the
more complete discussions appear
ing in the Emerald the following
The columns of the paper in the
near future will contain the daily
list of programs to be given over
KORE, it was announced yester
Missionary From India
Will Speak This Evening
Dr. Elizabeth Grace Lewis, med
ical missionary in Ambala, The
Punjab, India, will speak on India
at 7:30 this evening at Westmin
ster house.
Dr. Lewis has been stationed in
the interests of the Presbyterian
church at Ambala since 1918, and
for three years prior to that she
worked in Ludhiana and in Feroz
epur. During the World war she I
served at the Gerard Freeman j
Thomas hospital in Bombay. The
missionary comes with recommen
dations as a vivid and animated
The Westminster association and j
Asklepiads will act as hosts for i
the visitor, but all interested stu
dents have been invited to attend.
. . it » s q_ . " j
Smith Will Speak at Joint
Sigma Xi Meeting Feb. 24
“Highlights in Geography and
Geology of South America,” will
be the topic discussed by Dr. War
ren D. Smith, professor of geol
ogy, at the joint meeting of the
O. S. C. Sigma Xi club and the
local chapter of Sigma Xi when it
convenes in Corvallis Tuesday,
February 24.
Japanese Prints
Shown Here for
Last Time Today
Sogo Matsumoto Private
Collection Has Many
Noted Pieces
Today from 9 to 4:30 o'clock,
will be the last time to see the
Japanese prints exhibited by Sogo
Matsumoto, private Japanese art
collector, in the Little Art gallery
of the Architecture building.
Mr. Matsumoto, who along with
being a collector of old Japanese
prints, is prominent in the promo
tion of trade relations between Ja
pan and other countries, has been
exhibiting his collection of orig
inal Japanese prints which he has
been gathering since 1900. The ex
hibit includes the original prints
of Moronobu, the “father of Jap
anese Prints,” Hokusai, Hiroshigi,
and a number of other noted Jap
anese artists of the seventeenth
and eighteenth centuries.
. Influences American Art
"Both American and European
art has been greatly influenced by
Japanese prints,” Mr. Matsumoto
declared, in regard to the prints
he is exhibiting. “They are fast
becoming known internationally
and are now being eagerly sought
after, both for their composition
and their color scheme.”
Mr. Matsumoto was born in
Tokyo, Japan, and was graduated
from Yale university. He worked
a while in an importing house in
New York, but it was during 1900,
while in Europe, that he discover
ed some old Chinese prints, and
became interested in collecting
them. After returning to New
York, he became the first person
to introduce Japanese color prints
into America.
Promotes Friendly Relations
For the last few years he has
been devoting his time in the in
terest of the Japanese Manufac
turing company, an organization
formed to promote better trade re
lations between Japan and other
countries, of which he is general
director. Not only has Mr. Matssu
moto made a name for himself in
(Continued on Page Two)
Hard Times Bad
On Hitch-Hikers
Says Bill Roters
Jan. 26. — This unemploy
ment problem makes it pretty
slick for some of the bums that
used to have a hard time rais
ing a dime from an honest
looking gentleman. All he has
:o do now is to tell him there
isn't any jobs at all and that
his wife and kids are going
without their loaf of bread, and
he gets the money.
On the other hand it’s sort
of tough on the fellow from
college when he starts to hitch
hike home and no one looks at
him because he is just another
of the 5284 men seeing how
much cow-hide he can wear out.
Four Houses
Set Standard
In Broadcast
Susan Campbell, Pi Bela
Phi, Tlieta Chi and Phi
Sigs Perform
Skit, Bauds, and Trios on
Program Win Applause
In KOBE Contest
Susan Campbell hall, Theta Chi,
Pi Beta Phi, and Phi Sigma Kappa
each presented programs Sunday
night that set a high standard of
entertainment for the 22 living
organizations that yet remain on
the second annual Emerald-KORE
radio contest.
The four half-hour programs
each showed a great deal of work
and planning by the members of
the respective organizations, and
judges are already finding that
the rating of the broadcasts is to
be no easy task.
Susan Campbell staged a little
homecoming scene for its radio
audience when it centered its tal
ent about the return of an Oregon
graduate to the campus. Mary
Daniels, Yvonne Smith, and Ida
May Nickels formed a trio that
offered several pleasing selections.
Miss Nickels, who directed the
program, sang two popular num
bers—-"You Can Fool Me Some
More” and “To Whom It May Con
cern.” Dorothy Johnson served
efficiently as mistress of cere
■ IK lit v ill x icsruin u»nu
Bill McNabb acted as guest an
nouncer for Theta Chi. A five
piece band topped the list of tal
ent introduced by this group, but
Dale Brown at the piano and Wil
bur Thibault on the violin practi
cally tied for first honors with
their versions of “I'll Still Belong
to You” and “Glad Rag Doll.” Rod
Lamont sang “Body and Soul,”
and "Beside an Open Fireplace”
was rendered by the Theta Chi
trio. Dale Brown was in charge
of arrangements.
A trip into the ethereal was
made by Pi Beta Phi in their
“Heavenly Days” idea. Lending
to the atmosphere was “This Is
Heaven” and “Serenade” by the
Pi Phi trio, composed of Thelma
Kem, Muzetta Blair, and Mary El
lison. A specializing in whistling
de luxe was made by Glory Herzog
with her interpretation of “I Sur
render” and “Walking My Baby
Back Home.” Ruby George, Lois
Nelson, and Frances Drake each
offered piano arrangements during
the half-hour program. Alice Car
ter presided at the microphone,
and Florence White was house di
Crowd Applauds Phi Sigs
"A Musician's Dream” was the
title which Phi Sigma Kappa chose
for their contest offering. Elab
orate in construction and near
perfect in presentation, the Phi
Sigs won much applause from the
large crowd in the College Side
Inn studios. Francis Reiter kept
the program smooth-running with
his interlinking dialogue. George
Barron directed the 11-piece or
chestra and the 15-piece band that
featured the program, and Barney
Miller and Chuck Jones were re
sponsible for the continuity. A
piano solo by Hal Ayers was out
standing and singing by Adrian
Burris also added to the broadcast.
Sigma Kappa, Alpha Xi Delta,
Zeta Tau Alpha, and Sigma Pi
Tau will be among those present
on next Sunday night’s two-hour
contest broadcast. A complete list
of prizes to be awarded in the
contest has been promised for
Wednesday by Art Potwin, direc
tor of the contest, but negotiations
for the prizes are proving compli
cated and the last of this week
may find the prizes still unan
YWCA Staff Dinner To
V °o a. • ft."8®
Be at Bungalow Tonight
A staff dinner will be held at
the Y. W. C. A. bungalow tonight
at 6 o’clock, primarily, according
to Dorothy Thomas, Y. W. C. A.
secretary, for sophomores and jun
iors who are on committees or
who are interested in Y. W.
Betty Jones is in charge of the
ticket sale; Barbara Tucker, din
ner; and Helen Chaney, pro
grams. Tickets are 35 cents.
About 80 girls are expected to at
tend, according to Miss Jones.
Army Students to
Watch Moot Trial
S a finishing touch to the
training in court - martial
procedure, being given by the It.
O. T. C., a moot trial will he
held Friday at 9 o’clock and at
11 o’clock.
Johnny Kitzmiller and Jack
Erdley, both of whom are cap
tains in the local unit, have been
selected as the defendants and
the charges will lie desertion.
Harold Kinzell, also a captain
and a law student, will act as
The trial will be carried out
in the usual military style, fol
lowing as closely as possible the
proceedings in an authentic,
Witnesses will be recruited
from among the ranks and will
testify either for or against the
alleged deserters in accordance
with plans prearranged by R. O.
T. C'. officers. Fellow officers
will act as a jury.
Kitzmiller will be tried at 9
o’clock and Erdley at 11 o’clock.
Classical Works
Planned for This
Evening’s Recital
Piano ami Violin Selections
Included in Program
At School of Music
The program which has been an
nounced for the joint recital that
Jane Kanzler, pianist, and Beulah
VVynd, violinist, will give at the
music auditorium this evening, in
cludes works by a representative
group of the standard classicists.
Miss Wynd studies violin with
Rex Underwood, and Miss Kanz
ler is a student of George Hop
kins. The recital will begin at 8
o’clock and will be free to students
and the general public. Marguer
ite Spath will accompany Miss
Wynd at the piano.
The program follows:
Handel ..Sonata in A-major
Miss Wynd
Mozart.Adagio in E-flat major
Miss Kanzler
Arthur Wright .Spanyo
Mattheson . Air
Mozart .•. Menuett
Novacek .. Perpetuum Mobile
Miss Wynd
Debussy .Clair de Lune
Schumann .Whims
Miss Kanzler
Vieuxtemps .
. Fantasia Appassionata
Miss Wynd
International Relations
Club Will Meet Thursday
The International Relat ions
club will meet Thursday evening,
Cal Bryan, president, announced
yesterday. Dr. Warren D. Smith,
of the geology department, will
lead a forum discussion on South
America. This program was or
iginally planned for last week’s
meeting, which was postponed be
cause of Dr. Raymond C. Moley’s
Thursday evening address.
At this week’s meeting, which
will be held at the International
club beginning at 7:30, a secretary
and a treasurer will be elected to
fill vacancies left at the beginning
of the term.
Junior Class
Meets Tonight
For Last Time
Classmen Urged To Attend
Meeting in Room 107
Villard Hall, 7:15
Vodvil, Shine Day, Junior
Week-End Problems To
Come Before Class
The last junior class meeting
of the year will be held in room
107, Villard, tonight at 7:15, ac
Art rotwin
, cording to an
\ a n n o u ncement
from Art Potwin,
I president of the
class, last night.
“All juniors are
Surged to be pres
: ent,” said Fot
: win, in explain
ing the nature of
! t h e m e e t i ng.
i “This will be the
I only real business
meeting of the
year, auu uicic aic a iui ui mi
portant issues to come up for dis
cussion. Among them, and that
closest to hand, is the Junior
Shine Day. It is slated to come
off within the next couple of
weeks, and tonight at the meeting
the exact date will be set and ap
pointments made.
Vodvll Is Question
The question of the Junior Vod
vil will also come up for discussion,
Potwin declared, and it will be de
cided whether or not the affair
will be presented this year. If the
measure is passed upon, there will
be discussion as to the type of
program which will be given.
“There are also several changes
planned in connection with Junior
week-end,” Potwin continued,
“which will be discussed and per
haps voted upon.
“Last term, the junior class pre
sented the Junior Jinx, a class
dance. This is the first time the
junior class has ever entered any
type of social activity before win
ter term. This term the class
hopes to get under way early,
close all old business and be in a
position to go ahead with future
programs in a competent manner,”
Potwin stated.
Potwin Urges Attendance
All juniors who are interested in
working on class activities may
let class officers know at the
meeting on what committee they
prefer to work, the president said.
Appointments will be made within
the next two weeks or so, and all
applications will be considered.
“I should like,” Potwin said,
"that all houses see that they are
at least represented at the meet
ing. The business is of utmost im
portance to the entire junior class
and I should like very much to see
a good turnout.”
Dr. Gohlenweiser Talks
To Faculty Club Sunday
“Homo Academicus” was the
subject upon which Dr. Alexander
Goldenweiser, well known New
York anthropologist, lectured be
fore the Faculty club last Sunday
He dealt with student life, their
problems, relations, and numerous
other phases of their lives.
Even the Geologists Refuse
To Explain Oregon Weather
As you walk through the warm
springlike air of the campus these
days, can you remember what we
were going through a year ago ?
The Emerald of January 25, 1930,
read as follows:
“After two weeks of pussy-foot
ing around on icy walks and re
ferring to the campus as ‘the Arc
tic Wastes,’ the weatherman is at
last giving the long-suffering stu
dents hopes for milder weather."
Living and dining rooms of fra
ternity houses on the campus were
being deluged with water due to
leaking roofs and frozen water
pipes. Automobile collisions were
frequent on the icy streets.
And we are basking in typical
April weather.
The Emerald yesterday sent a
reporter down to Dr. Warren D.
Smith, professor of geology, in
hopes of finding from him some
deep, dark secret, which would ex
plain the strange phenomenon.
But Dr. Smith did not seem nearly
as mystified as we do. He stated0
very plainly that he didn’t know
what was the cause.0
"In the first place," said Dr.
Smith, “the weather isn't unusual.
Every few years we have a win
ter that is very mild. In the sec
ond place, the winter isn’t over
yet by a long ways. I have seen
a foot of snow in March. If you
want to get the real reasons for
it, go to one of these old fellows
who have been whittling sticks for
40 years, and they can tell you.
No scientist can, however, for he
has no material upon which to
base any reason.
"One of the purposes of the ex
peditions to the Arctic and Ant
arctic regions has been to get a
better line on weather in temper
ate regions. Until these facts have
been learned, it is very unwise for
anyone to attempt to explain the