Amendments Pass By Landslide Vote Miss Bennett Wins Contest Prize of $150 Murray - Warner Essay Awards Announced At Banquet Margaret Nungent Recipient of $100 -- Four Other Divisions Merit Firsts; Indian’s Paper Praised Highly Bontrico Bennett, sophomore in journalism, was last night announc ed as winner of the American divi sion of the Murray-Warnor essay contest, with her article on “A Chain of Flowers.” The announce ment was made at the International Week banquet at Hendricks hall. The first prize is .jiliiO. The winning essay opened with lines from Sir John Davis in China: “As our gardens have already been indebted to China for a few choice flowers, who knows but our poetry may some day lie under a similar obligation?” Upon this quotation she based her description of art, literature and culture of China. Margaret Nugent, of Portland, won the second prize of $100. Her subject was “Real Laughter and Shining Tears,” and her essay dealt with the youth movement and its relationship to the progression of China at homo and abroad. Third prize was divided between Walter Hempstead of Portland and John Haldoiman of Astoria. Hempstead’s subject was “NatiooftiUsm, En throned” and that of Halderman was “Ancient China in a Modern World.” I Four Win Mention Honorable mention in this divi sion was given to a number of con tributions, including “Importance of Good Will in Economic Eolations ■with China,” by Morris Temple; “American Horoscope in the Orient” by William Haggerty; “China Yes terday and Today,” by Helen Web ster; “If We Understand” by Alice Clink, Leonard C. .Tee won first prize of $100 in the Chinese division. Hon orable mention papers were “Rela tions between the United States and China” by Tunnie Lee and “The United States and China, Their Re lations” by Benjamin Lee. In the Japanese division only one prize was awarded, that going to Frank Shimizu for his essay on “Brief History of American and Japanese Relations.” The prize was $100. Devaputra Scores High Place “Ameriean-Indian Relations” by I). Devaputra was awarded first prize ip| its division, the award amounting to $100. Devaputra’s paper was spoken highly of by the judges, who considered it an ex ceptionally fine piece of work. It was an expression of the desire of an Indian student to receive an education in America so that its benefits might be transmuted to liis native country. The paper was summed up with the following quo tation: “O land of liberty, allow Indian students to touch the hem of thy garment so that thy virtue may flow into their veins and ultimately in the veins of a divided country.” Nieva Gets Philippine Prize Pastor Nieva received first prize in the Philippine class with- an article on “Political, Educational, and Economic Progress of the Phil ippines tinder America.” Honjnr able mention was granted to Luis Puntnnilla on “Political, Commer cial and Social Difference between the United States and the Philip pines” and to Eugenio Padilla on “Economic Demands versus Nation alism in America.” Honors in the freshman division went to David Wilson, who wrote on “Twentieth Century Relations of Japan and the United States.” This prize was $50. Honorable men tion went to Arthur S. Potwin, writing on “Japan and Justice.” His prize was $25. Judges for the contest were Dr. Warren D. Smith, Verne Blue, David E. Faville, George II. Godfrey and Kenneth Shumaker. School Survey Underway C. L. Huffaker, professor of edu iation, has nearly completed a school building survey for Wendling, a lumber town 20 miles northeast of Springfield. Professor N. L. Boss ing has been collaborating with him in this survey, and Professor Huf faker is awaiting his return from the east before finishing the survey. International W eek Opens W ith Banquet United States Inconsistent In Peace Plan Dr. K. Reinhardt Gives Opinion on German American Relations By CAROL HURLBURT (Note: This is the third in series of articles on foreign countries which the Emerald is running during International Week.) lias the United States an incon sistent policy of international peace? Dr. K. Reinhardt, assistant pro fessor of German, explains Amer ica’s position nicely and yet he raises the question in telling of Ger man’s interest in furthering that spirit of “peace on earth; good will to men.” “The progressive element in Ger many is very much impressed and in favor of any effort that comes from foreigners to establish an in ternational brotherhood of nations,”! he said yesterday, “this as regards the Kellogg treaty especially. “What. I, personally, and many others, Americans as well, do not understand is that, while this treaty has been brought about and accept ed by the United States government, the Cruiser bill has at the same time been brought about and accepted. “I feel irreconcilable conflict be tween the two motives, and it is this that Germans, in looking over the press, cannot harmonize. “Personally I suppose that in this ease, as in the case of other nations, there are antagonistic forces in the government; one side representing a new spirit as regards international relations and the other one repre senting the old imperialistic spirit,” so Dr. Reinhardt explained away the inconsistency, and yet the ques tion still remains: “Has the United States a two-faced policy of inter national peace?” Dr. Reinhardt went on to speak j of disarmament. “As you know,” i lie explained, “Germany was the only nation that has been obliged by the Peace treaty to disarm. This ins been accomplished so that now die has a standing army of only 100,000 soldiers. This is only enough to protect the peace of the interior and the safety of the borders. “Germany was supposed to take Hie lead in the matter of disarma ment, but it was laid down in the treaty that the other nations would follow as soon as Germany should have fulfilled her agreements. “This lead convinces us that the (Continued on Page Two) Nominations for Editor of Emerald To Be Considered Editorial Staff to Call for Candidates for Position Today at 4 o’Cloek The amendments to the constitu tion of the associated students of the University of Oregon will take effect this afternoon at 4:00 a’clock when nominations for next year’s Emerald editor will be called for by Arden X. Pangborn, present edi tor. The nominations, under the provisions of the revised constitu tion, will be made by the editorial staff. Not more than four nominees can be chosen from the editorial staff, and further selections must come upon petition of more than 100 eli gible members of the student body. Final appointment of the 1929-30 editor will be made within the next few weeks by the publications com mittee. Two members of the staff already announced®their candidacy for the editorship. They are Joe Pigney, associate editor and sports editor, Carl Gregory, chief day editor, and Art-Sehoeni, managing editor. The meeting will be held in the library of the school of journalism. Voting members of the staff in clude the editorial staff, the re porters, and day and night editors. As soon as the nominations are completed the publications commit tee will be notified. I Fellowship Spirit, Good-will Feature Student Gathering Lecture, Tea Will Be On Today’s Events By WILLIS DUNIWAY “But there is neither East nor West, • Border nor land nor breed, When two strong men stand face to face. Though they come from the ends of the earth.” Tims, in the words of Kipling is summed up the true spirit and tone of international Week, proposed by the Oregon Daily Emerald and spon sored bv tin1 V. M. ('. A., Y. W. (.!, A., and the Cosmopolitan and International Relations clubs in the interest of world fellowship. More than a hundred students of severed nationalities gathered to gether last night at a banquet in -Hendricks hall to mark the open ing of the International Week pro gram. The crowded hall hummed with the intimate and friendly talk of the guests. » Students from the Philippines, China, Japan, India, Russia, Spain, France, Germany, Holland, and Korea, all were there, each the guest of an American stu dent, forming acquaintances and entering into friendships that will last. Five talks from foreign students on the campus expressed gratitude for an Ameircan education and the gooil that this nation is doing in world affairs. David Devaputra, graduate student from India, spoke on “What Oregon Means to Me.” He summed up His beliefs by dividing the word Oregon into six letters, each one standing for a factor in the furtherance of international re lations. These factors are: oppor tunity, responsibility, education, good-will, originality, and nobility of character. Felix Legrand spoke on I lie J French Student’s Immersion of In tellectual and Social Life at Ore- ! gon;” Charles Yoshii, on “Amer-J ica’s Part in International Friend-' ship;” Eugenio Padilla, “Intellec tual Mindedness;” and Leonard *lee, “The Effect of American-educated Chinese on China.” In all of the talks by the foreign students there was that note of sincerity and grat itude expressing thanks for Amer ica ’s work in education and world relations. Burt Brown Barker, vice-president of the university, gave the principal address of the evening on “Inter national Friendship.” There is some thing worth while in the study of international friendship, Mr. Bar ker pointed out, when we think of what the ‘next war’ will be. The possibility of pilotless, invisible, noiseless airplanes swooping down on non combatants, as they are predict ed to do in the war of the future, is enough to further the struggle for world peace. “The United States is the fresh man nation of the world,” Mr. Bar ker said, “and we sometimes forget the senior benches and tradi tions of the rest of the world. We Americans are ignorant of many of the nations with which we come in contact. If we are going to be friendly, we must first know their feelings. ’ ’ Misunderstanding comes from lack of knowledge of the other fellow, Mr. Barker stated. “The univer sity,” he said, “is the best place to make for a common understand ing of each other.” A program of addresses gnd a tea lias been arranged today. Frances Warnecke, a junior in tho Univer sity of California who returned to the United Slates from an eight months trip around the world; Dr. Roy Akagi, Japanese educator and historian, and John Garvan, author and explorer, will talk, while the tea will be given by the Y. W. C, A. in honor of Miss Warnecke, who is the guest of the local association. Dr. Akagi will come to the campus under the auspices of the Y. M. C. A. and the Y. W., while Mr. Garvan’s lecture will be sponsored by the as sociated students. Dr. Akagi was described yester day by Christine Holt, general chairman of International Week, and Dorothy Thomas, Y. W. secretary, as a “very charming person who speaks English fluently. One of the Japanese delegates to the second general session of the Institute of (Continued on Page Twol 16tli Anniversary Banquet Held by Simula Delta Chi Fre<l Loekley, Veteran Oregon Journalist, Gives Talk Hislory of Group Reviewed By Karl W. Onlliank Tito Oregon chapter of Sigma Delta, Chi colohrntcil its sixteenth nnniversnry anil the twentieth an niversary of tin' national organiza tion last night at a liampict held at the Anchorage. Sigma Delta Chi is a national professional journalism fraternity, and the speakers on the program spoke of journalism and the organization. Fred Lock ley, feature writer on the Oregon Journal and well-known in journalistic circles throughout the Pacific, northwest, told of his experiences, emphasizing the point that the journalist must have a gen uine interest and enthusiasm in his work. He illustrated with a number of little stories that good news paper articles may be found in the most unexpected persons with whom one comes in daily contact. The group was founded ns a jour nalism honorary, Dean Eric Allen, of the school of journalism, said in discussing Sigma Delta Chi, past, present and future, but since then it has become a professional frater nity with the improvement of all journalism as its aim. Accuracy, energy and skill are the keywords of the group, he said. Karl Ontliank, one of the charter members of the fraternity, spoke of its foundation, and the conditions under which the campus paper of the time worked. The paper was then published three times a week and was put out in a down town press, the only one in Eugene, and the mode of transit was bfcycles. The ten charter members were Karl Onthank, Frank Allen, Carlton Spencer, Andrew Oollier, Harold Young, Don nice, Henry Fowler, Fendel S. Waite, Sam Michael and Lei,and Hendricks. Nearly all now hold places of prominence in their line of work, Onthank pointed out. Baseball Opener Against Willamette Here Tomorrow Veteran Team Ready for Bearcats; Freshmen Seek Places * Oregon’s 1029 baseball season will start tomorrow afternoon at 3:30 when the varsity will meet Willamette university in the first of a three game series on Reinhart field. The second and third games will be played Saturday, one in the morning and the other in the after noon. Oregon will be able to start the game with a complete northwest championship team if it is necessary. Eleven men of the squad that won the northern section title last year arc back in uniform. Several freshmen of promise will get their chance to displace veter ans in the Willamette games. Frannie Andrews, shortstop, is the only sophomore who has been hold ing a position regularly in practice, lie moved in when Ken Robie was moved to second and (lord Ridings quit the second base job for a catching position. Independent Men’s Smoker Well Attended One hundred and fifty men at tended the annual smoker given by independent men Saturday night in the men’s gymnasium. Boxing wrestling, tumbling, and a Filipino string quartet entertained the crowd. Peanuts and hot dogs were distri buted. Joe Blackwell, Eugene profession al, and Jimmie Lee, Oregon student, boxed three exhibition rounds. The bout was fast and interesting. Clair ileisel and Louis Feves wrestled one seven minute period and one of five minutes to a draw, Meisel will represent Oregon at the minor sports carniva1, at Seattle this week-end. J John Garvan Will Speak On 'Pygmies’ Author a n d Lecturer To Describe Life With Savages Slides of Natives Feature of Talk Last A. S. U. O. Address In Woman’s Building Tonight at 8 “And so it wont for seven years . . . from place to place and from tribe to tribe. Rumors of my cap ture, demise, or murder would reach the Bureau of Science. The constabulary would hunt for mo or my remains, but 1 am still among those present.” This is what John AT. Garvan, author, lecturer and ex plorer, wrote recently in summing up his life among the pygmies. Garvan will speak tonight on “Our Philippine Pygmies” at the Worn inn’s building at 8 o’clock under the auspices of the associated students, i Reserve seats may be had for seventy five cents, and general admission for townsfolk for fifty cents. This will lie the last A. S. U. O. speaker this year. Garvan will have 50 slides of the Philippine pygmies, and another 30 of the African, New Guinea, Malay Pensinula and Andaman Island pygmies. lie has spent a quarter of a century gathering material for the book he is now writing, entitled “Our Philippine Pygmies.” Hr. Warren 1). Smith, bead of the geol ogy department, said yesterday of the work, “It will probably be the most exhaustive treatise ever writ ten on the pygmy.” Experiences Dangerous Some of Garvan’s most dangerous experiences were with the Mnnabos and Kalagan Maqdayas. He has published an account of an exper ience in 1904, his first “brush with the untutored savage,” when he, one Spaniard, pnd a small groulp of Christian Filipinos “poled them selves for two days in a (logout to a Manabo village in the Primeval for est.” There they were met by a group of 20 savages armed with spears, shields, and long side-knives, They informed the Mnnabos they wished to settle in their country. The Mnnabos first offered them a meal. Garvan write, “After we had finished our woodland meal, four of the most stalwart of the group ap proached the Spaniard and myself and offered us quids of betclnut—a token of friendship, as I learned not long after. I begged to be excused on the ground that 1 had never chewed betclnut. “Our warriors withdrew a little space and again held converse, whereupon the whole group ap proached us with rolling eyes and threatening mien. The leader, a bagani or warrior-chief, who had eight lives to his credit, stepped up to me and said: ‘Americano, the hinterland is for Manabos; the sea shore is for Americans, Spaniards and Bisayas. One of your kith fold me years ago that we Manabos live like wild boars. If that be so, then we have tusks. Go back to the seashore’.” Which shows the kind of humor the pygmies in gen eral have. “Better Be a Coward” They approached Garvan, who did came rapid calculating. “Better bo a coward for five minutes than a dead man all your life,” he decided, “and simultaneously X threw for ward my unpraised, outspread arms, with palms toward the front ing foe. With a sudden burst of amity and good-will, 1 said: ‘ Friends, 1 have not come up here to be your enemy but to be your friend and your brother. ’ “ ‘Ah!’ replied the principal war rior-chief, a weazened old curmud geon who bore me a Satanic look, •Good, good, but if you want to be a brother of ours you must give tokens of your brotherhood, aiivl then we will let you put in your school and give you all the land (Continued on I’age Two) Band Leader Captain Prevost, leader of the symphonic band of the Royal Bel gian Guards, consisting of 81 se lected musicians, which will appear here at the Igloo on May 2. Bowman to Speak Before Assembly On Modern Morals Portland Pastor Is Guest Of Westminster House For Two Days Is Prominent in Religions Education’ Circles “Morality—Whence and Whith er?” will bo the topic of the as sembly address to be given by Dr. Harold Leonard Bowman, pastor of the First Presbyterian church of Portland, Oregon, at the Woman’s building today at 11 o’clock. Dr. Bowman is chairman of the committee of education of religion in Oregon and one of the trustees of the San Francisco theological seminary. He is president of the Westminster foundation, which maintains n house at Corvallis and another at Eugene. Dr. Bowman graduated from the McCormick theological seminary, Chicago, Illinois, lie taught English in Beirut, Syria, following his graduation. He also was assistant minister of the Second Presbyterian church in Chicago, Illinois. Max Adams, student pastor of Westminster house, will give the in vocation at today’s assembly. Adams has also arranged a program for Dr. and Mrs. Bowman for their stay on the campus. Students who desire to arrange a conference with Dr. Bowman may do so through Max Adams at the Westminster house. Dr. Bowman will be guest at a luncheon of the directors of religion Thursday noon. He will be able to receive students Thursday afternoon and Friday morning. Beaux Arts Ball Tickets to Drop From Hobi Plane Students Are to Be Given Chance at Duckets After Assembly Students will have an opportun ity to pick tickets for the forth coming Beaux Arts ball right out of the air this morning just after assembly, it is announced by Glenn Gardiner, general chairman. A Travel-air biplane from the Hobi Airways will hover over the area between the Woman's building and the Administration building at this tipie, and Esther Taylor, secretary of the air company, will cast out several envelopes containing free tickets to this gala event. The plane will be piloted by “Ihnty” Moore, pilot for the Hobi film, and will be the same machine whi'-h recently took the campus movie stars aloft. Students are urg ed to he on the watch for the en velopes, for the ticket will admit Hie ticket will admit the lucky re ceiver to what is regarded as the outstanding terpsichorean event of the season. The dance will be held April id at the C’unipa Shoppe. Few Students Go To Foils to Cast Ballots on Bills Measure lo Appoint Emerald, Oregana Editors Passes Council Group Is Given Walking Papers HOW THE VOTE WENT Abolish council— For .490 Against . 48 Appoint editors— For .497 Against . 49 Regent on council—• Yes . 22 No .510 Reduce council meetings to two— Yes .507 No . 20 By Cleta McKennon Five amendments, one abolishing the student council nnd another pro viding for appointment of editors of the Emerald and Oregana by tho publications committee, were made to the constitution of the associated students of the University of Ore gon when all five were voted into effect by a landslide at a special elections held at Villard hall yester day. From a student body of more than 2500 only 5-18 voters—two more men than women—went to the polls. Of these 400 decided that a progressive step would be taken by doing away with the student council and . substituting a committee of student affairs subsidiary to tho executive council. Since all amend ments will go into effect at once, there will be no more student coun cil meetings. Only 48 voters favored retention of the present govern mental system. Forty-three ballots were cast against the amendment concerning appointment of editors of the Emer ald and Oregana, but 497 favorable ballots completely overbalanced this number. According to this altera tion in the constitution, editors hereafter will be nominated by the staffs of the respective publications and will he passed upon by the exec utive council upon recommendation of the publications committee. The staffs will be at liberty to nominate not more than four candidates. A fifth or more candidates may bo added to this list through petitions signed by more than 100 students. Little Opposition Shown Even less opposition was shown by voters to the other amendments, none of which will be of as far reaching effect. The amendment necessitated by recent merging of the board of regents, to cut tho clause calling for a member of the board on the executive council, brought 22 nayes to 510 yeas. Five hundred and thirteen favored, while 22 disapproved, of making class treasurers business managers, and requiring budgets from them to en velop all expenditures. Five hun dred and seven, of 527, saw tho advisability of decreasing the num ber of student body meetings from five to two per year. Some stu dents diil not vote on all amend ments. McKeovm Happy When informed of the outcome of the elections, Joe McKeown, stu dent body president, said, “I am surely happy that all five amend ments passed by such a fine ma jority. The students exercised sound judgment on sound measures and showed they were anxious to promote a more efficient student government.” Art Anderson, student body vice president, agreed with McKeown, that “the amendments ns passed form an aggressive step in student government.” Alyco Cook Gets Honor In Nation-wide Contest Miss Alvce Cook, freshman in journalism from La° Grande, won honorable mention in a national elsay contest sponsored by Carl T.aemrnle, Universal movie head, on “The Ideals of Life I Find in Victor Hugo’s ‘ Les Miserables’.” Two thousand papers were turned in, and Miss Cook is one of three receiving honorable mention. The first prize was 11000. The object of the contest was to create an in terest in the movie “Les Miser ables,” which he was filming. Miss Cook is a reporter and night editor on the Oregon Daily Emerald.