Oregon daily emerald. (Eugene, Or.) 1920-2012, October 14, 1923, Page 3, Image 3

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(Continued from page one)
treme forms: the red reaction and th
white reaction. Dean Rebec believe
that any observer who is not earriei
away by mere shibboleths and preju
dices largely matured in propaganda wil
assent to the statement that the whit
reaction and the white terror are mori
dangerous than th6 red. The sign anc
symbol of the present situation are seei
in the person of Mussolini.
“Any American can get at his owr
definition of democracy by discovering
what his attitude is toward the Italiai
dictator,” added Dean Rebec. “If h(
believes in a nationally aggressive pat
riotism as a substitute for progressiv<
social amelioration and human justice, it
democracy means to him merely the
right of those who have to hold and tc
get more, no doubt he will see in the
Fascist movement in Italy even a demo
cratic good. Fascism is simply applying
strong-armed tactics to the prevention
of economic amelioration, and covering
the process by patriotism.
“It is true that there was a Bolshe
vist movement in Italy after the war
but it had subsided a year before Mus
solini came into power. The ferment
in Italy before Mussolini rose to the
premiership had produced a body of
social legislation, some of which was
not wise or practical, but all of which
looked toward the betterment of the
condition of the toiling masses. Most
significant of all, profound changes in
land laws were in the cards.”
Dean Rebec pointed out that these
movements had brought the much-feared
shop committee into the factories and in
dustrial plants; however, the shop com
mittee had not resulted in the working
men’s obtaining control of these estab
lishments. They had won the mere right
of being consulted in matters of “hire
and fire,” and the privilege also of
knowing the financial status of the firm
they worked for in order that they
might know what wages they were just
ly entitled to receive. This was not
workmen’s management, Dean Rebec ex
plains, although it may have meant that
to those accustomed to the old indus
trial regime.
jjiscussmg tne enect or tne unrest on
the landed democracy, Dean Bebec said
this class realized that their privileges
might be interfered with; though these
privileges on the part of men, contribut
ing little or nothing to society, kept the
peasant class eternally poor. These
“vested interests’ found factions at
hand wherewith they might crush the
actual and threatened encroachments
on their perogatives.
“It is perfectly true that the Bolshe
vist leaders and done enough crazy and
criminal talking against nationalities
and patriotism to arouse keen anger;
and no doubt they disparaged the armies
that fought in the war,” said Dean
Bebec, in outlining the beginnings of
the Fascist movement. “There was a
great laxity of discipline, social as well
as economic. Crime throve, and paren
thetically, is still thriving in Italy, even
under Fascist rule. Mussolini, with his
‘Black Shirts,’ responded to a call for
discipline. All ‘vested interests’ in the
name of ‘law and order’ got behind him.
These interests used the young soldiers
as strong-arm Bquads, and they put
dawn, as they stated it, disorder and dis
“They put down a real measure of
both, it is true, but the question is: Was
theirs the only possible method! What
price did Italy pay! If Italy genuinely
wants social and economic quiet, the old
immemorial blood-leeching landlordism
which keeps the bulk of the population
in penury must be abolished. That
will, more than any other single
factor, bring about ‘discipline’ in
the country. But this is precisely what
the landed gentry do not want. With
out the backing of the landed classes
Mussolini would have gotten nowhere.
He has purchased order by reaction. The
world has recently had occasion to real
ize that his patriotic ardors launched
into the field of international affairs
spell the unregenerate old international
passions and injustices.”
Dean Bebec believes Italy has merely
substituted for Bolshevism of the prole
tariat of a Bolshevism of the “better
classes.” Liberty of speech and of the
press does not exist in Italy, and pa
pers that are no more radical than the
New York Times or the Boston Tran
script are censured and even raided. The
Oregon dean described the methods tak
en by the strong-arm squads to enforce
Mussolini rule, declaring:
“Democrats and republicans are re- j
Monday and
Tom Moore
“Harbor Lights”
A passionate drama of love
and the sea.
Other Heilig Features
; garded as suspicious characters. Those
in power frankly repudiate democracy;
republicanism is regarded as treason
against the ‘ divine institution of mon
, archy. ’ ”
, | The perils in Europe are seen coming
[ to their clearest manifestation in Italy,
. and are strangely converging into one;
[ the ascendancy of brutal reaction. The
, reaction just now, whether in foreign oi
, in domestic affairs, is not so much of
the mob as of the “best people.”
, j The producing classes of Europe—
I peasants, workmen, business men—are
hard at work. The nations taken in the
1 bulk, are healing the economic wounds
; and wastes of the war. The progress
! made by France in this respect is as
j tounding, Dean Rebec declares. In addi
I tion to repairing wastages, the republic
of Czecho slovakia is doing striking cre
aative work in many lines, notably those
of education and human betterment. Out
side of Austria, where things are im
proving, and outside of Great Britain,
the mass of the population give the im
pression of being on a better level, all
things considered, Dean Rebec says, than
when he visited Europe in 1908. A bet
ter leaven, at least, of self-reepect is
discernible in the common masses.
“The poverty in most cases is one of
special classes and of the government
rather than of the bulk of the popula
tion,” said Dean Rebec. “Great Britain
| is suffering gravely from unemployment
and discontent is active, but at the same
essentially temperate and practical
minded. This discontent does not find
expression solely in labor unions and
meetings of the unemployed; many pro
fessional men and ‘intellectuals,’ as well
as members of the old fuedal aristocracy
ar0 severely critical of the whole eco
nomic order. The man of the most for
lorn outlook, though not of the most
vocal discontent, is doubtless the farm
“It is important to note that the war
has not impaired British political liberty
or the traditional British liberty of
Dean Rebec made the prediction that
within the next 25 or 30 years England
is likely to be the most effective center
of social and economic changfin western
(Continued from page one)
of Le Figaro. The latter asked us to
dine with him at his club in the eve
ning to continue our talk, and we got a
fine insight into circles of French life
not usually seen by tourists. The only
others in the dining room were
Marechal Foch and two young friends.
We were not introduced. We under
stand the general does not speak Eng
lish and my Figaro friend did not
think my French counted as a lang
uage. We spent the evening within
sound of each others voices, and I got
a most pleasant impression of the
kindly, gentle faced little man in mod
est civilian clothes. He reminded me
somehow of a Back Bay Bostonian
type— a little what I imagine Presi
dent Lowell might be if he were in a
very mellow mood and thoroughly satis
fied. that he was in the heart of the
inner circle of social desirability.
In London we saw few people be
cause everyone was out hunting
return in the London season. We got
some very pleasant glimpses of Eng
lish life, however, visiting a brother
of Dr. Sisson at Qloucester and at
Cambridge an old associate of mine
who is son of the master of ono of
the great colleges. It was a delight
to be shown through by one who was
so privileged and so imbued from his
youth with the traditions of the place.
Cambridge is a princely place to re
ceive one’s education, and the banks
of the Cam are beautiful beyond
words. The splendor of the buildings,
the wealth of associations, the beauty
of their treasures in glass and wood
and stone are simply beyond words.
Yours sincerely,
(Continued from page one)
years ago the general education board,!
Rockefeller Foundation, gave $113,-!
000, which was matched by the state |
legislature, for the construction of tie
main unit of Mackenzie hall. The
same institution gave $50,000 last Oc
tober to be used for the maintenance
and equipment of the hall. The gift
was exceptional in that the University
of Oregon medical school is the only
medical school to be so recognized by
the Rockefeller Foundation.
Generous Response Expected
President Campbell discussed the
campaign for gifts with the board of
regents yesterday, declaring: “How ur
gent is the need of a library building
at the University, and how important
a part the library plays in the intel-i
lectual life not only of the campus
but of the state, are points on which
the campaign will lay especial stress.
The desperate need of room, together
with the growing realization of the
contributi uj which the university is
making to the welfare and development
of the state, cannot fail to make an ap
peal which will meet with generous
“While buildings are the principal
objective, yet it will be clearly under
stood that gifts for endowment will
be equally acceptable.
The president announced that the
total in gifts made to the gift cam
paign amounts now to three quarters
of a million dollars.
Discussing the aid given by the Uni
versity adviser to students organizing
new living organizations, President
Campbell pointed out that encourage
ment to these organizations is impor
tant, among other reasons, because of
the lack of dormitory facilities.
Organizations House 925
The number of students housed in
national and local fraternity and soror
ity houses approximates 925, the presi
dent said. The dormitories required to
house so large a number would cost at
least $900,000.
“A few additional dormitories should
be provided in time,” President Camp
bell continued, “but the need of nqw
buildings for academic purposes is so
great that the possibility is small of
entering on a general policy of housing
students in dormitories. The cost even
now would be close to $200,000 each ,
year. ” :
Unitarian Faith
The world ia living in the dawn of
a New Day. We men of earth are even
now entering npon one of those mighty
periods of transition through which the
human spirit now and then passes on
its way toward the Eternal,—a period
fairly comparable to the Protestant Re
formation and the French Revolution.
(Every sign points and every voice pro
claims this new Day.
To attain a living religion for the
twentieth century.
We must be pioneers, eager to dis
cover and apply new truths.
To find them we must be free from
prejudice. To live them, we must be
free from fear. We must be practical,
expressing our faith in our life.
We shall need the fellowship of kind
red spirits to make our religion real and
persistent. The Unitarian Church offers
us such a fellowship of pioneer souls
who are together trying to seek the
truth and to do the right.
The Unitarian Churches have no dog
matic creeds. They are organized about
a working purpose, commonly stated
thus: “In the love of truth and the
spirit of Jesus we unite for the
worship of Go3 and the service of man ’ ’
Sympathy with this purpose is the us
ual requirement for membership.
In this freedom every Unitarian wprks
out his own ideas about the universe and
man and God, using the scientific meth
od for the discovery of his facts. Most
Unitarians, however, agree that:
The universe, including all forms of
life, is one.
That its development is governed by
law, tho same in every part and time.
That evolution is the process by which
all forms of life, ineluding man, his
thoughts and ideals, have come to be.
That therefore all religions, including
Christianity, are products of evolution.
The Bible is a human produet, a record
of the religions aspirations of the He
brew people and of the early Christians.
Jasos is the great teacher, leader and
That mankind is one brotherhood,-and
each of us therefore owes justice tem
pered by love to every human being;
that we are mutually responsible for each
other and all men.
That evolution has not ceased, and
man, by finding and using the laws
of life, can build in cooperation with
? '-awi
God the future, better than the past.
Each of ub is a unique and neceeeary
part of the universe, with s role to play
which no other can do, 11 work resting
on us alone. God depends upon our
That the indwelling Law and Life of
the universe is God who theiefore cre
ates, sustains and diiects it.
God, therefore, dwells in every human
soul, the very essence of man’s inner
God’s laws develop the moral and
spiritual worlds in accordance with law,
exactly as they develop the physical
God speaks to man and reveals him
self to man in every law and fact of life
but most of all in man’s own hunger
for truth and aspirations towards pei
God, who dwells in us, is our Father
and our Friend, ever ready in wisdom,
strength and love to help us in our up
ward way.
These beliefs commonly hell by Un
itarians, are the best we can now con
ceive of. The Unitarians, tor tomor
row, may find truer beliefs, and so be
better able to meet the challenge of the
All the above has been quoted from
a statement issued by the Young Peo
ple’s Council of the Unitarian Church.
It seems to me to be a fair statement
of the general point of view of most
Unitarians. 1 print it here to interpret
the beliefs and ideals of our little Uni
tarian church at East Eleventh Avenue
and Ferry Street.. We invite you, fac
ulty and students alike, to share our
vision, our ideals, and our work.. Ex
pressive of our attitude we choose for
our slogan: "The Little Church of the
Human Spirit."
Bervioes begin at 10:45 a. m. The
sermon topic next Sunday will be*‘Life's
Meaning.” This little verse discovered
in Charles Lamb’s Scrap Book will
serve as a text:
"Unless to be
And to be blast be one, I do not see
In bare existence, as existence, aught
That’s worthy to be loved or to be
sought. ’ ’
Miss Gladys Keeney, soprano, will be
the soloist at this service.
Paid Advertisement.
HIT the line hard when we selected our new line
’ ’ of Adler Collegian suits and overcoats. We believe
we just about got the pick of the season’s models and
You will like the new overcoats a lot. Some have belts
—some half-belts. Plaid-backs, over-plaids or plain
colors. You will find ’most anything you could want here
—come in and see them.
Learn to Dance
Private Lessons Daily
10:30 A. M. to 8 P. M.
Everything taught from the
first primary steps to ad
vanced Ball Room, Exhibition
and Ballet.
Business Men’s Exercise
.. Newest Methods—Latest ..
Temporary Phone, Moose Hall,
Your name and house in gilt, FREE on any
album bought at
“Everything Fotographic’’
On the Corner of 10th and Willamette
Oregon “O” Albums $3.00
Developing films is our business
Music While You Eat
For your pleasure we are offering a Sunday evening concert
from 6 to 9 featuring the O’Reilly sisters, violinists, accompanied
by Darrel Larson.
Good music, excellent food, and superior servioe all contri
bute towards a pleasant Sunday evening that otherwise might
be hopelessly dull.
The Rainbow