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About Oregon daily emerald. (Eugene, Or.) 1920-2012 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 8, 1922)
MISS BROEKSMIT TELLS
OF CONDITIONS IN CHINA
Refunded Indemnity Used for
EXAMINATION HALL VISITED
Students Locked in Pit; Some
Some interesting sidelights on China,
which are of immediate interest to the
University because of the recent pres
ence on the campus of Dr. Charles K.
Edmunds, president of Canton Christian
college, were recently given in an in
terview by Miss Helen Broeksmit, head
resident of Susan Campbell Hall, who
toured the Orient last year.
Miss Broeksmit traveled for eight
months through China and Japan, visit
ing the principal cities and the interest
ing spots of the old world. She has a
fund of experiences, and a collection of
photographs, taken by herself, which
are invaluable, and are rare flashes of
life and conditions in the anciont
Modern Civilization Seen
“China is fascinating,” said Miss
Bropksmit. “Everywhere is the old
mixed with the new. Evidences of an
ancient civilization are on every side;
in the architecture, the customs, the
people; yet the modern is creeping in.
“The poverty and ignorance of the
great mass of uneducated Chinese is
evident everywhere. Yet the loveliness
of the ancient temples, the carvings, the
gardens, the uniquo customs, and the
picturesquo settings lend a fascination
to the country.”
Miss Broeksmit spent much time in
visiting the educational institutions of
China, and has a comprehensive under
standing of the neod for American in
fluence on the ideals of the oriental
mind. She visited the Christian college
at Canton, and spoke of its wonderful
organization, high morale and the in
telligence of the studets on the campus.
Christian college draws on a territory
which contains 100 million people in
need of education and enlightenment.
Ginning college at Nanking, the first
of the only two collogos for women in
all Chinn today, was also visited. The
Union Medical college at. Peking is a
wonderful institution, according to
Miss Broeksmit, with a great influence.
Other Colleges Visited
The college was foundod from the
Rockefeller fund, and cost $0,000,000.
It is a medical center for united med
ical boards, and is a typically modern
institution. The Indemnity college is
uisu oi groat interest, according to
Miss Brooksmit. Its history is particu
larly interesting. After the Boxer re
bellion, China paid the United States a
largo indemnity, which the United
States returned. The Chinese were so
surprised at this generosity that they
set. aside the money for educational
purposes, and sent a number of students
to the United States every year to be
educated. Foreign education not prov
ing entirely successful, however, Tn
demnlty college was built so thnt the
Chinese students could be educated in
their own country.
Ancient Custom Revealed
An interesting spot visited was the
site of an old examination hall. This
haii, composed, of many little com
partments, was used for examinations
of Chinese students who had studied
for many years, aspiring for some po
lltical office or honors. The student
was locked in a compartment with food
and water for n certain number of hours
until the examination was completed.
Many times when the cells were opened
the student would be found insane from
the mental strain. The examination
hall is now torn down and only a mem
ory remains of the ancient educational
Miss Hrocksmit spoke of the inade
quacy of the railroads in China. There
nre at present only three main railroads
in the north and south of China. The
great interior, where the masses of un
enlightened people dwell, is reached
only after days of hard travel. When
the proposed line from Peking in the
north to Canton in the south is com
pleted traveling will be greatly facili
The Isle of Macao, an old Portuguese
possession, was among the interesting
spots visited by Miss Broeksmit.
People Are Picturesque
“It is delightful,” she said. “Every
where are these queer, picturesque
people in (plaint settings. Oxen plod
the narrow cobbled streets, and camels
nre common beasts of burden. It is a
glimpse inti* the old world. The people
here are unlike the Chinese on the
mainland, being a mixture of Portu
guese and Chinese. There is still the
squalid poverty and filth that exists
among the poorer classes, however.”
The ancient island, with its ntmos
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phere of past generations, seems almost
medieval in setting, the head of the
hall said. While at Macao she visited
an old opium factory.
Interesting Stories Told
The Forbidden City, the Marble
Boat, the Fountain of Jade, the ancient
Chinese Wall—all these have stories
which Miss Braeksmit tells, and each
is an interesting as the history of the
The story is told of a princess who
fell in love with the keeper of the
stables, and as punishment her father
had them both buried alive on the spot
where the Princess Tomb stands out
side of Peking.
Japan and Korea as well as other
places in the Orient were included in
the Oregon woman’s tour.
CLASSES TO CLASH
(Continued from page one)
The Aggies are planning on entering
at least one team in those races and
possibly more. O. A. C. has some good
distance men from last year and one
of the best javelin hurlers on the Pa
Bill says that he cannot go with
fewer than four men. Albert Orilloy,
last year’s frosh star, has withdrawn
from the University, leaving a big gap
in the sprints.
Spearow Best Prospect
According to Hayward’s statement,
Ralph Spearow is the only man he
could consider taking so far. Spearow
is a broad jumper, high jumper and pole
vaulter, and in this last event ranks
with the best in the intercollegiate
world. Glen Walkley, Oregon miler, is
still having trouble with his broken
toe, but says that by being careful and
protecting it well ho expects to take
part in his event this year.
Lee Weber, hurdler from the ranks
of last year’s freshmen, looks as if he
would show something in that event
before the season is over.
Hayward has outlined the training
schedule for every event and the men
are to begin turning out every’ night
from now on. In addition to the work
on the track he is proscribing gym
work to dovolop their shoulder and
MEMBERSHIP DRIVE BEGUN
(Continued from pago one)
organized in all the churches, at which
up-to-date, timely topics will he dis
cussed, according to announcements from
the classes, which have already been org
anized for the drive. In speaking of the
need of topics of live interest to keep
the students in the classes, l)r. H. W.
DoBusk, of the school of education, said,
‘ ‘ TTnless you can give the college stu
dent that which is going to help him
adapt himself to the problems that con
front him, you cannot keep him there
very long. ’ ’
Kach of the church cooperation com
mittees of the Y. W. C. A, and the Y.
M. A. is composed of representatives
of the various denominations. Denom
inational representatives in the living
organizations are appointed by this com
mittee to cooperate with the church Bible
classes. An intensive effort will be made
by both these committees and the classes
to increase the enrollment in all these
classes to a total of 700 by March 111.
A rally in the Inst week of the cam
paign is being planned by each Bible
class. On Sunday, March 12, there will
be a big united gathering of nil the mem
bers of the Bible classes, at which re
ports of progress will be given by the
manager of each class. An added at
traction will be an address by Frank S.
Bayley, of the firm of Herr, Bay ley, and
( roson, attorneys at law of Seattle, Mr.
Bayley was chairman of the Y. M. 0. A.
conference at Seabeck last summer, and
is enthusiastically recommended by those
students who attended the conference. He
will also address the law students on the
subject of ethics in law practice.
INDIAN FACTIONS BEING
* UNITED BY NEW SPIRIT
Opposition Being Overcome by Nation
alism; British Perplexed by
“A new spirit of nationalism is draw
ing the opposing factions, the Hindu and
Mohammedan together,” said A. W.
Moore, candidate secretary of the For
eign Missionary Hoard of the Presby
terian Church, in an address to the stu
dents of world history Monday morning.
Mr. Moore chose for his topic, ‘‘Condi
tions in India Today.”
India, as described by Mr. Moore, is
today the most interesting country in
world. People of every known color, of
hundreds of different nationalities and
religious, and of all degrees of poverty
and prosperity possible are found there,
‘‘The political situation in India to
day is a topic of absorbing interest to
the whole world, ’ ’ said the speaker,
‘‘Gundi, a hindu, with two Mohammedan
lieutenants, using the principles of Chris
tianity as a background, is rousing in
the people strong national patriotism,
and an intense feeling of hatred for Eng
land. Contrary to the usual methods
used by revolutionists, these men are not
advocating bloodshed, but believe that by
practicing ascetism, and personal sacri
fice, liberty and freedom will come to
India. Even the great Lloyd George,
prime minister of England, does not
know how to deal with them.”
Mr. Moore, who is stationed in the in-1
terior of India, described the country
as being the most beautiful and enjoy
able place in the world. He is very en
thusiastic about the work of foreign mis
sionaries, who, he says, have the greatest 1
chances to be of service to the United
Stages by moulding a firm friendship j
with the Indian people in a spiritual
way. ‘‘Commercial relations only breed
war and misunderstanding,” he said,
‘‘while lasting friendship is built up by
administering to the spiritual and ed
ucational needs of the country.”
Mr. Moore is visiting Reverend Hruce
Griffin, student pastor of the Central
STUDENT AFFAIRS GROUP
(Continued from page one)
ness of problems arising in the control
of a large group of students when they
are forced to solve those problems them
selves and will feel more keenly the
necessity of enforcing the regulations.
Eugene Music Shop
Harry Mayer s new
Don’t Miss this
PEP every Minute
ROCK SPRINGS, UTAH AND BEAVER
RAINIER COAL COMPANY
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VARSITY BARBER SHOP
Service Our Aim. Next to Oregaua
READ this list of ailments we treat. We mention here
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EXAMINATION FREE !
Electro Medicated Inhalatorium
Over Monarch Cafeteria
960 Willamette St.
Facility Anxious for System
The faculty is anxious to be relieved
of the responsibility of making and
enforcing University regulations, ac
cording to Dr. B. W. DeBusk, also of
the student affairs committee, as fast
as the students demonstrate a willing
ness and ability to assume the full re
sponsibility of a constructive and far
reaching system of control.
Dean John Straub favors student
government to the extent that the ex
perience and opinion of the faculty
shall receive serious consideration in
the handling of student affairs.
Cooperation of the Interfraternity
council, Pan-hellenic and the Emerald
were promised by representatives of the
two organizations and the daily publi
cation should student government be
adopted on this campus.
Money spent in Emerald advertise
ments is well invested. Get in line.
Two Grade School teachers.
Must have previous Grade
School experience, State
teachers certificate and furn
ish references. Account liv
ing in teacherage perfer man
and wife, sisters or congenial
friends. Salfaries $130.00
and $115.00 per month.
Nine months school begin
ning September, 1922. Mail
applications to J. E. Banning
Clerk School Dist., No. 38,
A. C. Read
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