OREGON EMERALD UNIVERSITY OF OREGON VOL. XIII. EUGENE, OREGON. SATURDAY. MAY 25. 1912. No. 58 SINGLE TAX SYSTEM ELABORATED ON BY FRIDAY’S SPEAKERS EFFICIENCY OF PROPERTY TAX SERIOUSLY QUESTIONED BY GALLOWAY LAND TAX FAVORED BY DISCIPLE OF U'REN Good Roads and Kindred Subjects Developed—Special Bulletin Promised. Papers by State Tax Commissioner C. V. Galloway, and Porter J. Neff, city attorney of Medford, dealing with “Taxation and Social Justice,” opened the Fourth Annual Common wealth Conference, yesterday morn ing, in Villard Hall. Speaking before a fair sized aud ience of students, President Camp bell prefaced the first sessions by de claring that the discussions were in tended for the whole state, and since this state has the greatest measure of democracy, it is fitting that the State University should foster frank discussion of all the problems of the commonwealth. Taxation Discussed. Commissioner Galloway, after treating the earlier tax theories and the various National and State limi tations on the taxing power, spoke of the general breakdown and ineffi ciency of the property tax. He sug gested substitutes for it, the mort age registry tax, income tax and the tax of the unearned land increment, but argued strongly against the sin gle land tax. Single Tax Defended. After an elaborate defense of the single tax by P. J. Neff, of Medford, on the ground that it furnished the best basis for social justice, Mr. H. D. Wagnon, a single tax advocate, speaking in the absence of Mr. U’Ren, described graphically Mexi can taxation systems, and the evident unjustness of taxation in Portland, due to the peculiar city boundaries. He then explained in detail his pro posed graduated single tax, and set forth its advantages. At this point, he endeavored to “show the tax commissioner something,” and suc ceeded in leaving the impression, through a lack of knowledge of bank ing laws, as Mr. Galloway plainly showed in the afternoon, that the tax commissioner was condoning an irregular practice in assessing the Portland banks on real property only. Mr. R. A. Harris, of the State Printing Office, in the next paper, dealt with “Justice in the Division of Cost and of Product between Em ployer and Employee.” In this treat ment, he stated that justice in divi sion is not only a matter of cash, but of products also, and that man’s pleas ure is a factor in profit sharing. In the discussion, led by James B. Kerr, counsel for the Hill lines in Portland, this idea was elaborated, and several statements made by Mr. Wagnon, were refuted. At noon the guests of the Univer sity were entertained’ at the Osburn Hotel, while in the evening. Hon. H. B. Miller spoke at a social gather ing in the Dormitory, for the visitors and faculty. Good Roads Hindered. “Economic and Social Factors in Oregon’s Good Roads Problem,” was the subject of the discussion led by George G. Putnam, editor of the Mail-Tribune of Medford, in which Continued on last page. OREGON CO-ED DEBATERS GAME FIGHTERS SAYS DAILY The following article was clipped from the Washington Daily and gives the Washington opfnion of the be havior of Oregon’s co-ed debaters at the event of the recent debate in Seattle on the question of equal suf frage. Although they put up a game fight, the Oregon women were handicapped by having to support the admittedly worst side of the question. Aside from that, two of the women believed in the opposite side of the question, but they were first class deceivers, for no one would have thought so from the argument. Lucille Davis waxed humorously sarcastic in her rebuttal speech and won a big hand from the audience. She was ably seconded by both of her colleagues, Marjorie Cowan and Norma Dobie. Miss Adella M. Parker, as presid ing officer, was the first.to hold such a position this year. Miss Parker announced that the present decision meant the balance of co-ed debates now fell on the Washington side, each team having previously won one debate in the past two years. SHAFER TURNS ORATOR I -- Head of History Department Gives Commencement Addresses at State High Schools. Dr. Joseph Shafer, professor of history in the University, is much in demand this spring as a commence ment speaker in the High Schools over the State. He has just returned from a four day’s trip to Hood River, Union and Portland, in which he made two commencement addresses, before the Hood River and Union High Schools. Dr. Shafer started on his speak ing tour Tuesday morning, going di rectly to Hood Riw_-r, and speaking there before the High School, Tues , day evening. He was entertained in Hood River Wednesday, and went to i Union Wednesday evening. Thurs i day evening he delivered the Com I mencement address at the Union High School, taking the same sub ject, “Three Main Supports of Mod j ern Civilization,” that he spoke on in Hood River. After the address Thursday even ing, Dr. Shafer returned to Portland | on the night train. In Portland, Fri day afternoon, he spoke before the Portland Woman’s Club on the sub ject assigned him, “Psychology of Human Motive.” Dr. Shafer reports an extremely pleasant trip. He gives Union credit for having one of the best high schools in the state and says this is largely due to the influence of Mr. Davis, an old Oregon man, who is on the school board. * * * * * * * * *1 Spencer Loses in Oraticals * * _ * * An incomplete report just re- * * ceived at the Emerald office, * * states that the Washington rep- * * resentative at the oratorical con- * * tests held at Missoula, Montana, * * last night, captured first place, * , * with Carleton Spencer, of Ore- * * gon, a close second. * ********* Standing of Northwest Conference Colleges in Baseball. Oregon . 6 Washington . 1 W. S. C. . 2 O. A. C. 1 Merritt Omsley has been track captain for next year University of Montana. 0 .1000 1 .500 4 .333 5 .166 elected at the METHODISTS LOSE 13 TO 4 GAME ON OREGON’S HARD HITTING AND FIELDING OF VISITORS GIVE VICTORY SEVENTH INNIN6 TRAGIC FOR VARSITY Four Tallies Picked by Willamette Prove to be Last Scores of Game. Captain Jamison’s troupe of pen nant-grabbers hung up their ninth straight victory yesterday afternoon by defeating “them college boys’’ from Willamette by a score of 13 to 4. The game was a nightmare for the scorekeeper, and abounded in misplays, with brilliant feats thrown in here and there. In the first inning, writh Chandler and Cobb occupying a couple of cushions, Fenton hid the pellet in the rank undergrowth bordering on Kin caid St., with the result that the two first-mentioned players had crossed the pan and Fenton had negotiated third before the aforesaid capsule had been relayed back to the scene of operations. Barbour singled, scor ing Fenton. Oregon failed to reg ister in the second, but came back in the third with two more runs, Jamison and Fenton being the of fenders. lhe fourth inning1 was one tnat taxed the endurance of the score keeper to the utmost, for the Oregon batters grew intimate with Drake’s offerings and harvested three two baggers, besides taking advantage of the ready assistance of the visitor’s infield. Chandler, Roberts, Cobb, and Jamison completed the circuit before tho outbreak had subsided. The fifth was like unto the fourth, being a continuation off the cruel and unequal contest between the Ore gon stickers and the' scorekeeper, with the latter person holding onto the ropes. Four large, juicy tallies were annexed during the skirmishing, Peet, Chandler, Roberts, and I'^ton joining in the happy reunion at the home plate. At this stage of the game the vis itors began to show signs of life and seemed to become aware that a base ball game was in progress. They put down the brakes on Oregon’s scor ing aspirations and even opened up a small quantity of their own pri vate stuff. It was in the first half of the seventh that all this hap pened. A gentle rain had begun to descend and the horsehide became as slippery as a lately-tubbed Fresh man. Little children clung to their mo thers’ skirts with emotion when Ilerb Barbour burrowed into the dirt in a vain effort to dig out Lund’s ground er. Lovely women grew hysterical when Drake knocked up a lucky “Texas leaguer” just where Chandler wasn’t. Strong men wept when Cady Roberts speared a large clod and threw it to first, while Erskine’s grounder wandered into center field and Lund and Drake waded to glory over Cobb’s prostrate body. Anguish tore many a sturdy breast when Ers kine scored on Ross’ single, but when the mighty Oakes embraced one of Peet’s choicest for two sacks and a score by Ross, tears of remorse welled up in the eyes of the spectators and fell unnoticed to the ground. Here, however, Willamette’s hopes came to earth, never to soar again. The rest of the game was a lull I COMMONWEALTH VISITORS BANQUETED AT DORMITORY _____ The visitors to commonwealth were banqueted this noon at the Boy’s Dormitory by Mrs. Elizabeth and her corps of veteran banqueters. Covers were laid for 46 quests, the tables were arranged in an “E” and prettily decorated with bouquets of roses which were grown in the Uni versity gardens. The menu consisted of strawberries, spring radishes, olives, nuts, cheese, roast veal and dressing, cold ham, mashed potatoes, asparagus tips on toast, Parker hot rolls, vegetable salad, ice cream and cake, coffee. Challenge! The cat class of the University of Oregon, in order to demonstrate the superiority of mind over matter, and the skill and dexterity which the caving of cats engenders, hereby challenges all other pre-medic stu dents in the varsity to a dual track meet, to take place on Kincaid field, at 4 P. M., on the afternoon of Wed nesday, the 29th of May. BE FEATURE May Pole, Grecian, and Swedish Dances, Will Entertain Visitors During Commencement. Considerable effort is being made this year to make the May Pole dances a big feature of Commence ment week. The drills will be held on the Tuesday evening following the President’s reception. There will be five dances in which the May Pole will be the central fea ture. The Swedish weaving dance will consist of sixteen girls dressed in peasant costumes, who will wind the May Pole, while twenty-four others dance the quadrille. The Floral Arch dance, in which sixteen girls partici pate, also promises to be exceedingly effective. Another costume dance will be the Faust Waltz, in which the girls appear in Grecian dress. Fol lowing these drills will be the May Pole march, in which all the girls in the different drills will take part. The girls meet every Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday, at 4 P. M., for practice. Seventy-five are re quired for the different dances, and as yet, there are a few places to be filled. Besides the May Pole dances, there will also be a Senior march, in which twenty-four Senior girls will display their art in carrying Japanese umbrellas. Memorial Day is, the date set for at least two picnics, both the Fijis and the Betas planning to drive up the McKenzie. after the storm, and the meeting ended with each team receiving the benediction of the other. Drake, who occupied the pulpit for the Metho dists, allowed only two more hits than did Peet, but was more liberal with his passes. Harrison, the blonde and blithsome third-sacker for the invaders, showed up “Cady” Rob erts in the prima donna role. Iloman, on first ,played a nice game for the visitors. The tabulated score follows: Score by Innings. 123456789 W. U. 000000400 Oregon . 30244000* Runs. Hits. Errors. W. U. . 4 6 5 Oregon .13 8 5 Batteries—For Willamette, Drake and Erskine; for Oregon, Peet and Cobb, Motschenbacher. Umpire—Van Marter. MANAGER BARBOUR GIVES FAVORABLE FINANCIAL REPORT ECONOMY HAS BEEN KEYNOTE OF 1912 EMERALD POLICY SUPPORT OF LOCAL ADVERTISERS LAUDED The Frequent Changes in Assistants Prove Handicap to Manager’s Efforts. The present financial condition of the Emerald is summarized below. This report is remarkable from the fact that the paper was taken over only on March 9th, and has been changed from a $200 deficit to a firm paying basis, not only having made the salaries for the editor and man ager possible, but having secured ad vertising so that a neat balance will be turned over to the student body at the close of the year. There will be probably five more issues of the Emerald this year, and although the balance over all expenses is at present about $25, this is expected to be raised to about $75, by the .lose of the school year. Economy has been the watchword of the staff such that the expenses for issue have averaged only about $20.00, this being upon six pages, two pages larger than the paper has been heretofore. Although the work and details of a six and eight page paper have been double that of the former sized pa per, Manager Barbour has labored under the disadvantage of a new as sistant manager about every week. Dobie, having left for Idaho, Robert Wray, Lyman Rice, John Kelly, and Bert Gerard each took their turn. Kelly left for the mountains upon a hunting trip, so that another assist ant, Marsh Goodwin, is now advertis ing solicitor. Manager Barbour says, two of the diief reasons that the paper was able to get back successfully, were the support of the business men with material advertising, and the co operation and backing of the students in making it an advertising medium and tolerating the large amount of ads which crowded the reading mat ter for a time, This is Barbour’s last managing stunt for the varsity, having man aged the 1912 freshman finances, as their president, managed the 1911 track team, managed the student body dances, Junior Prom, and the 1912 Oregana, giving him consider able experience in this line. Report of Condition of Emerald, May 23, 1912. (Paper taken over March 9th, 1912.) Itemized Receipts. Balance on March 9.$ 93.95 From advertising to date. 867.20 From subscription to date. 34.50 Total resources May 23.$995.65 Itemized Expenditures. I'o Yoran Printing House.$585.40 Carrier’s salaries . 79.25 Woman’s Edition . 26.25 Telegram Albany .55 J. L. Page (2nd class matter) 10.06 Total other bills fine, post age) . 2.24 $703.75 Balance cash on hand. 291.90 $995.65 Continued on last page.