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About The news-review. (Roseburg, Or.) 1948-1994 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 7, 1949)
4 The News-Revlew, Roseburg, Ore. Wed., Dee. 7, 1949
Published 0 illy Exo.pt Sunday fy the
News-3evie Company, Inc.
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V- V: STANTON .Ww EDWIN l KNAP?
! i -1 Editor "sjta! - - . ftiafidyor 1
Member of tha Aaaoolated Press, Oregon Newspaper Publisher
Aaaoolatlon, the Audit Bureau of Circulation
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PEARL HARBOR DAY
By CHARLES V. STANTON
This Is the anniversary of the most tragic day in American
history the anniversary of the sneak attack on Pearl
The intervening years have been few, yet even in such a
short space of time we have forgotten much of the terror of
Statistics are dull, but we should never forget' the cost of
Pearl Harbor eight battleships, 10 other warships, 48 Navy
planes, 97 Army planes, and, worst of all, 3000 men killed
or missing. Hundreds of bodies still remain unrecovered
from rusted hulls in the historic harbor.
Pearl Harbor and its mistakes should never be forgotten.
Yet even in these few years we have allowed our defense
preparations to lag, opening ourselves wide to another sneak
attack, even as a careless boxer turns away from an aggres
Pearl Harbor still carries deep scars resulting from that
sneak attack. Debris from millions of dollars worth of de
fense installations, destroyed by the air attack, still may be
seen. Time has softened those scars. National prestige,
which sank to its lowest level in our history, was restored
in a mushroom cloud of flame over hapless Hiroshima. We
proved to the world that we could absorb a terrific punch
and still come back fighting fighting victoriously.
The peace we had expected, as we tasted final victory and
revenge for Pearl Harbor, is today a precarious peace. War
clouds hang ominously on the horizon. Yet, as our defenses
slept at Pearl Harbor, so, today, we permit political bicker
ing, interdepartmental strife and false economy to weaken
our defensive strength. We are again subject to sneak attack.
While the world waits for a guiding hand to direct it on
the path to reconstruction, we fumble and bumble, as we
place the welfare of political parties above the safety of the
nation and the world.
We refuse to measure up to stern realities, desperately
clinging to a false, insecure prosperity, drunkenly staggering
along the suicidal road of socialism, glorying in the jingle
of dollars in our pockets but heedless of the debts we have
accumulated; knowing that our dreams, induced by drugs
of propagandamust eventually be dissipated, but postponing
the inevitable day as long as possible, while we wallow
deeper and deeper along the dangerous path in the pleasure
of our revels.
1 Will it take another Pearl Harbor to bring us out of our
dreams? Must we again sacrifice thousands of lives and
millions of dollars before we awaken to the fact that some
thing for nothing is but a dream and that we must pay
and pay dearly for so-called welfare? Will we go on and
on along the road of socialism until it is too late to return,
destroying forever the form of government we fought so
hard to save only a few brief years ago?
Pearl Harbor was a tragic day In our history. We feel
deeply the loss of the lives of heroes who died in that
catastrophe. Yet thousands of lives are being lost daily
throughout the world because we have failed in our respon
sibility for leadership in world affairs.
Our prestige suffered because of our defeat at Pearl
Harbor, but our prestige, regained through victory, is de
teriorating rapidly today because we permit abuse and
humiliation of our nationals, by unjust imprisonment at the
hands of those who seek our destruction.
This is a day when Americans, recalling the unity which
came from the shock punch at Pearl Harbor, should pledge
themselves that their government shall be placed above the
plane of political party, pressure power, and class favoritism.
No greater tribute could be paid the heroes of Pearl
Harbor than a determination to preserve the Constitutional
government for which , those thousands of lives were
Every Day Is Christmas
By Vuthnett S. Martin
PARIS UP) European coun-
tries, says a U.S. government
survey, have spent almost d,
000,000.000 of their own money on
recovery under the Marshall
The money Is part of "counter
part funds" which the European
countries must put up. In their
own currency, matching Mar
shall aid from the European Co
operation administration dollar
The European money comes
irom ordinary government iunni,
raised by taxation and bonds, and
from what European citizens pay
lor Marsnajl plan goods.
The ECA must pass on the
uses to which these counterpart
funds are spent. More than half
oi tne inree Diutons nas gone to
stimulate industrial production
But Britain and Norway used
their counterpart funds to retire
Other projects underway with
the counterpart money Include
THE NETHERLANDS to re
claim land from the Zuyder Zee,
providing new homes and new
food landi for a growing popu
lation. AUSTRIA harnessing of the
Enns river to provide electric
GERMANY power station In
West Berlin (the Soviet zone sup
plies the power now), coal mine
developments and railroad build
ing. FRANCE Investments In the
steel industry and improvements
In the coal mines and electric
ITALY drainage, Irrigation
and flood control in the v.-nto
region to reclaim much-needed
The U.S. has appropriated
about 59,000,000,000 for ihe Mar
shall plan but not all n( It has
been used to date. Thus the
equivalent of only $3,030,000,000
In counterpart funds has been
approved for withdrawal, Of this.
52.796,500,000 has been put to i
When I write a letter to my
my friend Mrs. Finney, I al
ways think of the way she used
to receive mall In the days when
she lived 28 miles from the near
est white neighbors, down in the
Indian Nation. Mrs. Finney will
be 94 years young this Christmas
day; she was in her twentlps
Mail days the young Indian
runner would come into the kit
chen and gulp down scalding hot
coffee out of an extra sized cup
Mrs. Finney kept for him. Mean
while "Sha-pa-nah-she wa-ko," as
she was known to the Osage,
wrapped the outgoing letters in
a tea towel, knotting the ends
This the lad placed In a fold of
the blanket an Osage always had
with him. Off he would go . . .
"When he came to Salt Creek he
would take off his blanket with
out stopping his steady lope,
plunge In, swim across, holding
the mail high over his head!
He never lost a letter; never got
It seemed bred In a runner to
keep up his steady gait which,
as it has been proven for a fact,
would outrun and outwlnd a horse.
An Indian runner was consecrat
ed to his task another time I
will tell the story of the run
ner who was shot. . .
Towards evening, as Mrs. Fin
ney watched the hill, an easy
running figure would be silhouet
ted against the sunset as the
runner came over the hill. Let
ters meant a lot In those days!
By sending over to the Kaw ag
ency where mail was brought
down from the states by a
special arrangement, the Finneys
received their mall more often,
sometimes two or even three
times a week! The Finney's trad
ing post was half way between
the Kaw and the Osage agencies.
"I'd fry extra turkey-breast for
him when I cooked our supper.
We never bothered to use the
the rest of the wild turkey. Or
maybe a good thick piece of veni
son. Two or three cups of cof
fee, always scalding hot! I never
saw the beat, the way an Indian
could eat when he set his mind
In the Day's News
X Continued from Page One)
ered, that the more children the
bigger the bonus per child. Any
way, If the child continues in
school the bonus will be paid up
to age 23. - ..
Well, when things like that
happen In an area that for cen
turies has had MORE PEOPLE
THAN FOOD you can paste It In
your hat that somebody Is looking
for cannon fodder.
' Brazil Drought
WASHINGTON UP) Un
founded rumors of drought in
Brazil are getting part of the
blame for sky-rocketing coffee
prices. - i
Countering coffee drought
shortage reports with U. S. crop
estimates, a government expert
agreed with investigatori for a
Senate agriculture subcommittee
that sharp price Jumps are large
ly the result of rumor rather
Brazil, he told the Senate
group, is expected to have a larg
er crop of coffee beans for ex
port next year than it did this
when export was larger than
last year. , a
Albert M. Prosterman, com
modity specialist for the Com
merce department's office of in
ternational trade food branch,
answered coffee-drouth shortage
reports with an estimate from
the U. S. embassy In Brazil.
'That 1950 harvests will exceed
1949 by one-half million to one
million Dags, ne saia.
Senator Gillette (D-Iowal.
chairman of the subcommittee
trying to learn why coffee prices
have soared, commented:
"There Is no question there Is
monopolistic control of coffee in
Brazil, and Brazil dominates the
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Western Powers Score Victory
Over Vishinsky's Peace Proposal
By JAMES MARLOW
WASHINGTON jD One of the strange chapters in the his
tory of the United Nations now has come to an end.
On Sept. 23 President Truman announced there was evidence
of an atomic blast In Russia.
And on that day Russia's foreign minister, Andrei Y. VIshinsky,
got up and made a peace proposal in the U. N., which had been
set up four years ago to keep peace. ....
1. He suggested a peace pact
DRAWS DISCORD IN DEATH
WASHINGTON (m Dr.
Hans Kindler, former conductor
of the Washington Symphony or
chestra, requested in his will that
he be buried "preferably on a
I definitely no not want my
body to be handled by undertak
ers, nor to have It exposed after
the second day. Just a few ban
dages will be sufficient," he
wrote. For music at his funeral
he wanted the slow movement
of the Haydn quartet In C ma
jor tthe Gypsy), and "any of the
Doner cnoraics ot Barn.
When he died, his funeral was
rranged by undertakers, and the
music requested was not played.
The Musical Art String Quartet,
which he wanted to play, is no
longer in existence.
BRIDAL VEIL, Ore., Dec. 7.
among the Big Five nations
United States, Russia, Britain,
2. He suggested the U. N, con
demn preparations for a new war
which he said were being made
in the United States and Britain.
The U. S. ambassador to the
U. N., Warren R. Auslin, colled
the VIshinsky proposal propa
ganda. Later he said:
If VIshinsky wanted to co
operate with the rest of the
world, the Russian peace pro
posal was unnecessary; but if
Russia didn't Intend to cooperate,
such a peace pact would be a
Still, the VIshinsky proopsal
left the U. S. in a kind of box.
How could the western powers
counter the Russian move with
some move of their own?
On Nov. 14 Austin get up and
proposed an American British
resolution. This resolution was
hardly more than what already
Is contained In the U. N. charter
or things the U. S. and Britain
had said before:
It called on U. N. members lo
take part In the work of the
U. N.; to restroin the use of the
veto In the security council where
Russia has vetoed majority de
cisions 41 times; to settle disputes
by peaceful means; and so on.
So now the U, N, was going .o
have lo vote on the Russian pro
posal and on the U. S.-Britlsh
This would give both sides a
chance to show how many sup
porters thev had In the U. N.
(Pi Employes at the Union Pa
cific depot wondered today
whether to yell: "We wui
Someone entered the depot
Sunday nleht and hauled the safe
outside. Hut he fled with the
combination and now no one can
open the safe to see If anything
at least on this Issue.
From the start It seemed cer
tain that the U. S. and Britain
would win. Russia's proposal was
swamped and the western pro
posal was approved by a vote ol
53 to 5.
Lined up with Russia In voting
against the western proposal were
her four satellites: Czechoslova
kia, Poland, Soviet Ukraine,
White Russia. And what will be
done about the western proposal
There doesn't seem much that
can be done that wouldn't have
been done without the proposal
since it was a restatement of
U. N. alms and previous American-British
But it was a point scored by
the west over Russia. So far, this
has dealt only with the bare out
lines of the problem.
There were plenty of argu
mentsbetween the time the
proposals were offered and the
nnal vote yesterday and not al
ways on a high Intellectual plane.
The Soviet tTxralne's foreign
minister, Manuilsky, told the
U. N. that certain unidentified
"war mongers" in the U. S. and
Britain were "cockroaches, lice
VIshinsky denounced the U. S.
and Britain and accused them ot
preparing a capUalist war against
Austin called Vishinsky's pro
posal an olive branch surrounded
by poisonouu thorns.
Chile said the Soviet union was
a sutier-capitalist, imperialist, to
talitarian police state. Yugoslavia
accused Russia of monstrous hy
proclsy in talking peace before
the U". N. while carryngi on a
campaign against Marshal Tito.
.small nations Dogged the unit
ed States and Russia to end their
cold war. rather than risk total
war. And the Philippines railed
the U. N. maneuvering a "deadly
game -of chess."
ERE'S something else you
could call significant:
A Young Republican John
Tope, chairman of the Young Re
publican National Federation
says in an address to the Indiana
Young Republican convention:
"Young people are .becoming In
creasingly dissatisfied over the
position our party is taking in
combatting this Democratic drive
toward socialism ... It is too
much to expect that THE MOST
CONSERVATIVE OF USshould
sit idly by and see elections lost
by default as the result of party
machinery being controlled by in
dividuals who are Interested
solely In PERSONAL BENEFITS
or by individuals incapable of
YOUNG Tope's words are care
fully chosen, but I presume he
means to say that the Republican
party Is now (and has been' for
some time in the past) controlled
by a clique of old fuddyduddies
who are more interested in GET
TING BACK INTO POWER than
In saving the country from a
I may, of course, be putting
words into his mouth that are
rougher than he means to utter.
have expressed often enough
the personal opinion that that Is
what Is wrong with the Repub
lican party nationally. So I'd bet
ter add that I HOPE that Is what
Anyway, he goes on to say:
"Our only hope for success lies
In a revitalized Republican party.
It Is up to us (he was talking to
a convention of YOUNG Repub
licans) to furnish this revitaliza
tion through the Introduction of
new methods, new leadership and
WISH he had added this one
more thing: 1
It is up to us to provide a
revival of FLAMING, FIGHTING
FAITH IN THE AMERICAN
WAY OF LIFE AS ENVISION
ED AND OUTLINED BY THE
That would be a cause worth
I'D like to add, purely on my own,
that It will take flaming, fight
ing faith in the vision of the j
Destroyed By Fire
NELSON, B. C, Dec. 5 (CP)
The home of the Doukhober
who invited his followers to leave
Canada earlier this year, was de
stroyed by fire on Sunday. Police
believe it may have been the
work of his own people.
Tne burning was tne latest ae-
velopment in events which
prompted a cracK-down oy tne
British Columbia government fol
lowing the dynamiting of Cana
dian Pacific railway lines
through the West Kootenay val
ley. Police reinforcements were
sent to the district during the
The burning of the small shack-
line home of John Lebedoff, lead
er of the radical Sons of Free
dom, followed a meeting at which
police and railway officials ex
plained the seriousness of bomb
ing railway tracks.
Hundreds of miles of railwway
track are under guard today.
Railway speeders precede each
train, and all bridges are under
Lebedoff called for 'a trek to
Russia or Turkey early in the
year, but he has made no ref
erence to his plan in recent statements.
re can Arrange tor tne
return "of vour loved one
whew In the U.S..
OWE oral 4p
founding fathers to combat the I
cynical modern political doctrine I
that ANYTHING IS ALL RIGHT .
WITH US IF IT KEEPS US IN
POWER. i I
FROM THE NEWS OF
30 YEARS AGO
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naseourg review '
January 9, 1919,
Judging by Ihit newi item of 1919 nobody in Myrtle Creek
went out otter midnight except burglars. Remember . . .
an insurance policy against theft never sleeps.
Our gifts of balloons and candy canei made a big hit and
we're proud to many folks took advantage of our anni
versary offer. Come around again next year, kids!
It Pays to Insure in Sure Insurance!
214 W. Cass
(Next door to
lini'lii ' laaaaaa ii mi i ji
Bill Tipton Post Office) Car p,rm J
between 6 IS and 7
p. tn., if you have not
received your News
Review. Ask for Harold Mobley
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All other days 9:30 to 3:30.
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