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About The news-review. (Roseburg, Or.) 1948-1994 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 6, 1949)
4 Th News-Review, Roseburg, Ore.- Tun., Dae. 6, 1949
Published D illy Exotpt Sunday l y the
News-Revie Company, Inc.
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CHARLES V. STANTON .OVtDm. EDWIN L. KNAPP
suitor -w manager
Member of the Associated Preu, Oregon Newspaper Publishers
Auooiatlon, the Audit Bureau of Circulations
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HOW MILLIONS ARE MADE
Queerest Approach We Ever Saw
By CHARLES V. STANTON
A collection of the world's finest turkeys is being assem
bled jn Roseburg today. i
Until 9 p. m. today, exhibitors will be bringing birds
into Roseburg for competition in the 18th annual North
western Turkey show. That these are the finest birds to
be seen anywhere has been proven time and again, as win
ners in the Northwestern have gone on to win the highest
national honors. Since broadbreasted turkeys from the Pa
cific Northwest were admitted into national competition,
they 'have consistently been sweepstakes winners.
The broadbreast turkey is purely a product of the Pa
cific Northwest and was promoted largely through the North
western Turkey show.
When this show first was started at Oakland, the broad
breast was unknown. But breeders, drawn together by the
show, began studying consumer demand. They began ex
perimenting and soon developed what is now known as
the Northwestern broadbreasted turkey a bird having an
abundance of succulent white meat.
No rules existed for judging this type of bird, and for
a few years It had to be carried in a special class. Then,
as the standard type of bird waso completely outclassed by
the broadbreast, the Northwestern show set up its own
rules of competition. '
As this type of bird still is confined largely to the Pa
cific coast, it remains in a special class under national judg
ing rules, but has been given its own standard of perfec
tion. ' ,
The Northwestern Turkey show, the first oivthe Pacific
Coast, is directly responsible for millions of idollars.'Of in
creased income to the industry. Because of prestige given
northwestern turkeys, 'as a result of the annual exhibit,
the industry has built up a' tremendous business in eggs
and poults. . ' ' : I
Ninety per cent of all turkeys grown in Utah are im
ported from Oregon and Washington. ,
California gets the major portion of its eggs from the
Pacific Northwest. California has a serious disease problem
because -of weather conditions,, and. does not have enough
healthy birds to replace breeding stock x ,,.';', , .( "
Another factor contributing to a Huge egg industry is
the fact that Oregon birds, particularly, start producing eggs
months before turkeys of the Mid-West. Thus mid-western
hatcheries buy hundreds of thousands of Oregon eggs for
Oregon's' $20 million turkey Industry puts th state in
third plface nationally. Only Minnesota and California have
larger income from turkeys. Utah is .in fourth place.
Prior to the Northwestern Turkey show, Oregon's turkey
industry was a minor agricultural feature. Growers raised
farm flocks, but few had more than a hundred or so birds.
But with the advent of the show, more and more breed
ers became interested In improved stock. Cross-breeding
developed better birds. Better market stock was produced.
The Northwestern show was the first to present a dressed
bird division. Throughout the years emphasis has been
placed upon marketability. . , .- .
Cooperative marketing agencies developed. Growers be
gan producing larger flocks. Information was disseminated
concerning diseases, feeding, brooding, and other problems.
Knowledge gained through contacts at .the annual show
enabled growers to reduce production costs and flock losses.
f'hey learned how to cull their flocks, eliminating expense
f feeding unmarketable birds. They were taught to raise
turkeys more suitable to market demands. Many growers
turned to turkey breeding exclusively with flocks number
ing into the thousands.
Had It not been for the Northwestern Turkey show, the
industry would still be largely undeveloped. Thus the worth
of the show can be measured in millions of dollars, i
This week will see the best turkeys in the world assembled
in Roseburg. In attendance at the show will be principal
growers and breeders from Oregon, Washington and Cali
fornia. Competition will be extremely keen.' A blue ribbon
will be as good as money in the bank, for eggs from the
flocks of consistent prize winners will be bought at premium
prices by hatcherymen of all states.
Altogether, the Northwestern Turkey show, originated
at Oakland and moved to Roseburg when it outgrew Oak
land's limited' accommodations, is one of the most im
portant events staged anhually in the stale of Oregon.
In the Day's News
(Continued Irom Page One)
thing else, that brought about the
discovery, of America. Pepper Is
a spice. Europe wanted spices.
The spices, then as now, were
produced largely In the Indies
(Java, etc.) There was no Suez
canal then, and spices- were
brought Irom the Indian ocean
across the Middle East by camel
caravan. That kept the price sky-high.
When Columbus headed west
Into the unknown, he was hunt
ing a short sea route tp the Indies
so as to get spices Into Europe at
a cheaper price. He stubbed his
toe on America and changed the
history of. the world.
' (It hurts our pride, but the fact
is that Columbus was TREMEN
DOUSLY disappointed and his fi
nancial backers got a staggering
shock when everybody found out
what had happened.)
KINGS and queens and feudal
nobles were hot stuff when
Columbus stubbed his toe on
America. As time passed and the
kings and the queens and the
dukes and the earls and the mar
quises and the viscounts and the,
rest of the "nobie" tribe swal
lowed their disappointment over
not getting cheaper pepper (along
with other spices),, and began to
colonize the newly discovered
land, It became a,haven for peo
ple who were fed to the chin with
the Injustices of the Old World
system. In time a new way of life
arose here that upset the Euro
pean royalty system.
(Pause here to reflect that the
European royalty system Is now
being followed by the STATE-IS-EVERYTHING
system that pro
duces dictators like Hitler was
and Stalin is.)
UT let's get back to pepper and
why the Europeans wanted
more of it at lower prices. Be
lieve It or not, they wanted It
Chiefly to KEEP THEIR MEAT
LONGER. Spices kept meat from
spoiling. Along with other foods.
That was the underlying urge
behind the whole spices-trade
business that so changed the face
of the earth.
U, S. Plans Sale Of Uranium Not Atom Bomb Type
NEW YORK UP) Want to
buy some uranium not the atom
bomb kind, of course?
For $50 a pound you'll be abl-?
to purchase some of the stuff,
good for such uses as studying
tine onjects wnn electronic mic
roscopes and observing the wav
metals act at very low tempera
Two hundred pounds of ura
nium metal not highly enough
refined to be used for bomb mak
ing will go on sale soon through
regular commercial channels,
the Atomic Energy, commission
Wilbur E. Kelley, manager of
the - commission's New Vork
operations, ald "we are making
this material available to assist
and foster private research and
development in the traditional
manner by private institutions."
The metal, to be produced by
the Mnlllnckroot Chemical
works, St. Louis, will be sold only
to persons with licenses from the
Newspaper Carrier Saves
Three From Burning Home
SPOKANE. UP) A news
paper carrier spotted smoke and
flames In a customers' house Sat
urday and called firrmrn who
rescued a mother and her two
small children from a second
Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Houston and
the children were sleeping when
the carrier stopped by the house
this morning. Fourteen-year-old
Dick Sharp rapped at the door to
warn them and when there was
no response he ran to the corner
to turn In an alarm.
frlgerators to keep our meat
In and don't go for spices very
much as a preservative. '
But still pepper la a problem.
It cost three cents a pound whole
sale back In 1939, and now It costs
around S1.40 a pound wholesale.
Because we still want pepper,
and the Indies supply of pepper
was pretty badly wrecked during
the last war anfl hasn't recovered
By ViahntU S. Martini
Several decades ago a Filipino
came to the Coast with the eager
anticipation of seeing America.
From the boat he went to a hotel
in San Francisco where a room
clerk said with brutal contemp
tuousness: "We don't take nig
gers here." That Filipino re
turne to the islands with a bitter
hatred of America and every
thing American. . .
When we lost the Islands to
the Japanese, who was the pup
pet governor Installed In power?
That very Filipino I can't think
of his name who had been so
rebuffed by the hotel -clerk.
. That was Just one of the stories
told to the student body at OSC
by Dr. Walter Francis White who
was introduced by the president
of OSC, Dr. A. L. Strand. Such
a speaker Is a great asset to
any cause because his command
of our language was admirable;
his manner of speaking so easy
to listen to; his sincerity so plain
in his words; his charity some
thing to remember.
Dr. White began with a refer
ence to the Chauncey Depew quip
about the "four speeches" each
speaker made: the one he
planned; the one he made; the
one he wished he had made; and
the one the newspapers reported.
After the ripple of amusement
had subsided Dr. White held his
audience with ease aa he spoke
on "The Color Line Across the
The speaker had but recently
returned from a trip through
many countries so could talk with
authority on his subject. Not
once while aboard did he and
the other negro member of the
Town Meeting group encounter
racial discrimination. But every
where he found anxious ques
tions about the American stress
on "freedom" . which seemed to
others inconsistent with the jiews
in our own newspapers, reported
abroad, of "Jim Crow" restric
tions and emphasis-on the color
Such questions were always
given to Dr. White and Mrs.
(her name escapes me for the
moment but we all have, read of
unselfish service on that tour to
answer. It was the two negro
members of the group who de
fended the American people from
criticism abroad for the very acts
from which they themselves and
their race had suffered. . . In Dr.
White's fine address there was
much to think about.
U. S. Need, Scout
Council Is Told
SPRINGFIELD (P) Amer
lea desperately needs people who
will do some thinking for them
selves, Mathew Hill, associate
justice of the Washington state
supreme court, told several hun
dred persons who packed Spring
field's union high school Sunday
night for the 25th annual meet
ing and planning conference of
the Oregon Trail Area council
Boy Scouts of America.
People are mass minded and
tend to go along with the tide,
Hill said In a dynamic speech In
which he stressed the need for
"strong minds, warm hearts,
faith, and willing hands."
The Oregon Trail council of
Boy Scouts embraces bovs in Lin-
coin, Benton, Lane, Douglas, Coos
and Curry counties and the Sun
day session In Springfield was a
full day conference, the results
of which will not be known until
reports ol committees have been
compiled. The program of activi
ties for 1950 will be announced
Awards were made to various
persons connected with scout
work. Recipients were Mrs. Al
ton F. Baker, Eugene; W. B.
Thomas, Porf Orford; Lee Mur-
phy, Junction City;
C. A. Ricka-
Eugene; Leonard May-
field, Coos Bay, and John Todd,
Strongest Jet Engine Of
Its Size U. S. Product
WASHINGTON. UP) The
United States has a new jet en
gine which Its manufacturers
claim is the world s most power
ful .'or Its size and weight.
It weighs 2,500 pounds and de
livers 5,500 horsepower more
than two horsepower for each
pound of weight.
The new engine, built by Alli
son division of General Motors
Corp., will first be Used in the
Navy's 70-ton patrol flying boat,
the XP5Y, designed for. long
ranee day and nieht Datrol
against submarines and for res
The big Hying boats, Built by
Consolidated Aircraft Corfi., at
San Diego, Calif., have been wait
ing on the new engines for
The T-40 delivers one horse
power for an hour on Just over
ten ounces of fuel.
A thin coat of white or alumi
num paint on a screen will make
the interior of a house less visible
from the outside. -
The oldest radio network Is the
National Broadcasting Co.. which
opened in November, 1926.
UIHY do we
want pepper so
What with refrigerators and so
on, I wouldn't know. But I find ,
that I WANT PEPPER. I never j
know Just why. I think one reason ,
T ....... I. I. .hot - ,.).,,, I
& nun. , inn. a .iim KK
naked and Indecent without pap
per scattered all over It.
Aren't people funny?
COLLISION VICTIM DIES
PORTLAND -m- Carl F.
Munson. 83, whose car collided
with a gasoline truck and trailer
men or nis injuries in a nospuai
Safe Deposit Boxes
Don't delay . . . See us today 1
Protect Your Valuables
DOUGLAS COUNTY STATE BANK
Member Federal Deposit
Insurance , Corporation
Inflation Warninas Fail To
Affect Predictions Of Good
Business Period During 1950
- By STERLING F. GREEN
WASHINGTON UP) Warnings of Inflation are fluttering again
In the capital, but most of the economic lookouts discount any
Immediate peril. They see fairly steady, prosperous sailing through
President Trumaij is not ex-
iwvicu u, revive nis acmanos 01
a year ago for drastic "standby"
anti-Inflation powers. This is de
spite the rise in credit to new
peaks, the firming of prices, and
the fall Improvement In business
Government economists and
some private experts report the
revival of an "Inflationary po
tential." They base the report
mainly on heavy in-the-red spend
ing by the government and on
the new round of wage-and-pen-sion
Yet few of them expect a ma
jor price whirl in the next 12
The "disinflation" it not over
for some Important Industries.
Truman Message Awaited.
A concensus of the forecasts
might boil down to this:
1950 will be another year of
high income and high production,
on a level of prosperity not too
unlike 1949 and not far below
Inflation warnings have been
uttered by the bank presidents
and other witnesses before Sena
tor Douglas' (D-Ill.) economic
subcommittee. These have stirred
speculation whether Mr. Truman
win again seek controls over
prices, wages, commodity trad
ing and materials allocation. ,
The decision, if it is not already
made, will come In the next
month as the President prepares
his annual economic message to
the new session of Congress.
Persons in close touch with
White House planning say a new
bid for controls is unlikely and,
even if one comes, would be
turned down by Congress.
inis view is voiced by Senator
Flanders of Vermont, a Repub
lican manufacturer and a mem
ber of the Senate-House economic
committee who usually votes with
the Democratic majority:
"I don't see any reason for any
inflation controls at all at this
time. I think we are on a pretty
even keel right now."
The committee may recom
mend, however, some change in
the federal reserve board's pow
ers over credit and interest a
topic which touched off last
week's squabble between Secre
tary of the Treasury Snyder and
federal reserve board member
Eccles charged the treasury
with having an "easy money
bias." He said treasury's insis
tence on keeping interest rates
low so as to hold down tne in
terest cost on the national debt
makes it easy to borrow money,
encourages, Inflation, and pre
vents federal reserve from keep
ing a checkreln on credit.
Outgo Exceeds Intake
Meanwhile, all ' hands admit
that it is inflationary for the
government to be pouring Into
the public's hands $5,500,000,000
a year more cash than it takes
away from the public. That is
the estimated rate of red ink
spending for this fiscal year,
ending next June 30.
Another 196X1 fillip will come
In January when the Veterans
administration starts handing out
$2,800,000,000 In G.I. insurance
refunds. Experience shows that
most veterans spend such wind
The real wallop may come
when the steel, automobile and
other industries have figured out
the cost of the new pension pack
ages won by organized labor
and then decide whether to raise
prices, and how much.
Steel Prices Go Up
One small company, Sharon
Steel of Pennsylvania, already
has poosted prices $5 a ton. Dur
ing negotiations, U. S. Steel said
tne pension plan would add S3 a
ton to its cost of making steel.
Republic Steel is pondering out
loud whether an Increase is neces
sary; Jones and Laughlin Steel
corporation indicates strongly
that prices are going up.
Steel price boosts could send an
inflationary termor throughout
industry. They might, catch the
auto industry, for example, at a'
bad time perhaps just when it
is trying to cut car prices to main-
bet-ween 6.15 and 7.
p. m., if you have not
received your News
Review. Ask for Harold Mobley
TWA, American Airlines
To Start Coach Service
WASHINGTON UP) The Civil
Aeronatics board Friday permit
ted two of the nation's largest
airlines to begin transcontinental
air coach service Dec. J27 for a
Permission was granted Amer
lean airlines to use 70-passenger
DC-Is on that date and to Trans
world Airline to use 60-passenger
DC-4s with a New York-Loi; An
geies iaie of $iiu one way.
The regular fare is $157.85.
Federal tax of 15 percent is ad
ditional in both cases.
The only other Transcontinen.
tal scheduled airline coach serv
ice is that operated by North
west airlines between New Yrok
and Seattle-Tacoma, Wash. , .-.'
CAVALRY MAKING EXIT
JUNCTION CITY, Kas. UP)
The army's once great cavalry is
down to its last horse.
Authorities at Fort Riley, for
merly the world's largest cavalry
school, announced a clos d-bid
sale of 77 riding and draft horses
and seven mules, which will virtu
ally wipe out the horse population
at the fort. Bids will be received
Still remaining on the post,
however, will be 32 horses, offi
cially retired by army orders and
not subject to sale.
tain high-volume sales in 1951
and 1952. . ' :
But . . . this would not have
profound effect In 1950. It will be
'well Into the year," says U. S.
Steel, before It can figure out
the full cost of the new pension
plan and then decide whether any
or all of the cost can be absorbed.
II aaa " .
Diesel and Stove Oils
For Every Purpose
E. A. Pearson, Distributor
General Petroleum Products
Will be open Friday evening December 9th and 16th
and evenings of Monday to Friday December 19th to 23rd, until 9 o'clock.
- - All other days 9:30 to 5:30.
Our Lay-AWay Plan may be used as usual.
Penney's salespeople are courteous, helpful, well trained
, - and will always try to please you.
As In former years we are happy to wrap your packages for mailing.
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