4 Th Newt-Review, Roieburg, Ore Frl., Nov. 4, 194 Publlihed Dslly Exept Sundiy ry th News-Rerie Company, Inc. SM.r.S second elm autltr M J, 1MB. l Ihe fjsl efflee RoMborg, Oretoo. under tat of March I, 1811 CHARLES V. STANTON gK EDWIN L. KNAPt Editor ""iSAi0 Manager Member of the Associated Preii, Oregon Newspapar Publisher! Aaaoolatlon, the Audit Bureau of Clroulatlona lereeentr WBST-HObblDAt CO.. INO. elllees Ij Ne fori, Chleaia. Baa trenelaea Los Anialee. Saaltla, Pofllend. II. Leole. lUBBl.'KIPTMIN AIf -ln Ureten-Bt Mell-rer Tt M.M. ila uatki H.ta these menUis it.MI ft, Cll. Carrler-Per yeas SI0.fi; la ade"l, ! '" ana jeer, per monlh 11.00 Outside Ohi-Bf Mall Par faar l M. sis months 14. 1A, snree months Sl.tft COMMUNITY CHEST By CHARLES Roseburg residents will be hearts and their pocketbooks. The annual Community Chest campaign will be launched Monday with $25,500 as the goal within the municipality. Outside the city of Roseburg the Community Chest goal is $5,936.80. Within the city area the program is directed principally to finance youth and charitable activities as sponsored and conducted by the Boy Scouts, Camp Fire Girls, Y. M. C. A., Salvation Army and Girl Scouts. Fifteen agencies included in the Oregon Chest are made a part of the Roseburg Community Chest campaign. Budgets for each department are listed as follows: Boy Scouts $7,000, Camp Fire Girls $2,550, Y. M. C. A. $7,035, Salvation Army $3,825, Girl Scouts $100, Oregon Chest $5,040. Contributors should keep in mind that Roseburg's Com munity Chest solicitation includes 20 organizations 15 Oregon Chest agencies and five local activities. Thus, through the Chest, contributors are being spared 19 separate solicitations which otherwise would be made, taking much time, effort and expense. Persons giving to the Community Chest should keep this one fact firmly in mind and make their contribution the equivalent, or more, of whi'.t they would give should they be contacted for 20 distinct and separate gifts. i The weakness of the Community Chest is that too few givers, who normally will make liberal contributions to single solicitations will lump into one donation an amount equal to the sum of separate gifts. The Community Chest can be successful only when realistic giving is achieved. Bruce Biossat, N. E. A. feature writer, sums up the Community Chest program in a most interesting way, and we quote from his column : Thle la the annual time of giving In America. Moat of ua need only to be reminded of that fact to be ready with our contributions when the Community Chest representa tive knocks at the door. Thla country la not perfect. It has many faults. But no one can say that falling to help those who need charity la one of them, Americana have alwaya given with a full heart to any worthy oause, and In recent yeara they have been giving more freely than ever. Thla year should be no different. Indeed, Americana may well aee In their Community Cheat drlvea all over the nation a symbol of the spirit of nelghbor-helplng-nelghbor which seta off real demoeraey from other systems of government. Our citizens may want to seize this chance to demonstrate that the urge to self-help, to local self-reliance, still Is powerful In this oountry despite all the well publicized trenda toward dependency on a big central government for their welfare. n So long as that spirit Is kept alive, Americans are In no danger of auccumbing to a way of life that finda all Its baslo answers In Washington. In a real democracy, the Individual la the figure who counts. And If he Is to develop to his full est capacltlea, he must want to help himself and thoae who are nearest to him hia family, his friends, his fellow real dents In his community. Without that resourcefulness, he beeomee but a pale copy of the man he ought to be in a free land. The tradition of self-reliance goes deep Into American history. It dates from the time when pioneers helped each other build barns, farm houses and fences, Joined In har vesting crops, banded together In emergencies of many kinds. The Community Chest Is the modern counterpart of com munity barn-raising. Americans today are not often asked to give their actual labor to aid their neighbors. But they are asked to contribute a portion of the savings they have accumulated, so that people in genuine need may be cared for as any of us would want a neighbor oared for, Generous giving Is the proof that free men carry the answer to full living within themselves. Editorial Commenf From The Oregon Press Big Chief, Little Power The Dalles Chronicle Chief Tommy Thompson Is like a kins without a country Nominally, he heads the Wv um (or Wy-am) Indians at Ce lilo and has 10 families within his Jurisdiction. He has little or no control, however, over the one industry fishing which gives the ancient village a rea son for existence. That the 83-year-old chief Is of fended by events nf recent, years is plainly evident in his hehavto, Of late he has been linking ap pearances before such groups as the Portland chamber of comm erce to gain sympathy for his protest against encroachment on the fishing ground. Tommy was born al Cellln, lie remembers it as It was years ago when, with salmon worth a cent a pound, few Indians and no white men bothered to dlpnet a the falls. All that has changed. No longer do the visiting fishermen, attract ed by the stories of fabulous earnings on the dlpnet scaffolds, go to the chief to ask whether they may fish at a particular spot of their choice. Instead, thev lay claim to a site, declare thai their ancestors fished there and contest the right of occupancy bv anyone else. At a Celilo fish committee meeting In The Dalles a few weeks ago, one member asked: "Why do you think we should ask your permission to occupy a fishing site?" Tommy had ho answer. He V.STANTON asked next week to open their simply does not possess the pow er of regulating the fishery. Dur ing the frill run, salmon anil steel head normally are caught in such a volume that It Ts not uncommon for a man with a good site to earn thousands of dollais In a couple of weeks of effort. Indians from all parts of t h e Northwest and even from states half way across the continent as semble at the village each veal' to get In on the harvest, the fish committee, representing the recognized treaty-right tribes, has assumed regulatory power but has not effectively exercised It. Tommy is seeking help from the federal government In smoothing out his troubles. He may not get it because of any personal Interest but his appeals may at least focus new attention on the growing chaos at the vil lage. The federal government has broad control over Indian affairs and ought to Initiate some move inward placing renin's adminis tration on an orderly, peaceful basis. Rights of the' various (lilies should be specifically es tablished: then (he more respon sible Indian leaders might be prevailed upon to discourage tribesmen of the Johnnv-come-lately variety, most of whom have other Jobs or Incomes, from elbowing the older Indians away from their sole means of liveli hood. All metals ant crystalline, as are also building materials such as brick and even clay. wmmmm Raining Raining all day, though the skies are clear, And sunlight down through the branches cleaves; in the depths of the somber forest near It rains, a shower of autumn leaves. In gusts of crimson, In drops of gold, And rustling drizzle of red and brown, A ceaseless drip from the tree tops old, This rain of leaves comes drift ing down.. All through the Indian-Summer day Slowly dripping down from the slanting eaves, And floating fast with the winds away Is a streamy torrent of swirling leaves. Yet the sky was blue o'er a thousand hlils And the sun- shone bright on the far-off town And never a ripple disturbed the rills As the pattering leaves came raining down, Ernest McGattey. Cases Disposed Of In Circuit Court Circuit Judge Carl E. Wlmberly has issued an order dismissing a suit brought oy LeRoy Curry against Otis Hatcher. Dismissal was based upon a motion of the plaintiff stating that the case has been settled upon payment by the defendant of $267.93. Judge Wlmberly has Issued a judgment order favoring the plaintiff Union Oil company of California against William E. "annon Jr., defendant. The Judg ment was for $278.17. Circuit Judge Carl E. Wlmber ly has Issued a decree that J. H. Dunaway recover a judgment from John C, Diehl and others in Ihc sum of $H00 plus interest and Mists or in default that foreclos ure and sale of real property of defendant be made. The property Is described as lots H and 12, block 26, Reodsport. Based upon the motion of thp defendant, Circuit Judge (1. F. Sklpworlh has issued an order as signing Judge William G. East to preside on the bench In a suit brought by O. T. Carter against Maynard Wilson. The defendant had asked that a judge othpr than Carl E. Wlmberly be as signed to the case. New Cases Filed The Oregon State Unemploy ment Compensation commission filed suit In circuit court demand ing judgment to collect $188.38 plus Interest from James R. Daugherty for alleged non-payment of unemployment contribu tions. The commission also filed suit demanding judgment to collect $320.!W plus Interest from Clar ence I,. Dietrich for alleged non payment of unemployment n tri'hutlon. Anna Huey has filed suit In ci, cult court to collect $.1,000 pn.a in terest and costs from Powell M., and Ijiursel C, Anderson for al leged non-payment of the bal ance on purchase of real property described as the southeast quar ter of section 30. township 32 soulh, range 7 west of the Wil lamette meridian. Total sale price nf the property It reported as $6,000 plus Interest. Your Com mum it chest This October was a special one for me. Was It for you? I don't know why; I know only that It will be memorable for me al ways. Nothing happened to make it memorable. A diary would show no unusual event. To be sure EJ had a birthday, but he has been having them for quite some years now. Then there was the angel food cake I made exactly (?) like the others, and although it tasted like them, it was so tough I was afraid to give it even to the hens. Why? I'll never know! It wasn't my first October In Oregon; so It couldn't be that. More than fifty Octobers, all told, have slipped past my heart with out leaving such a feeling of sheer delight. - But oh, the color on the hills was it ever so glorious before? The fire of the vine-maple by the creek; the glinting gold of the maples everywhere in fields, around homes, on hills; the sat iny crimson and gold of our snowball; the brilliant glow of the sumac; the whole Indescrib able wonder of this October: it has been the loveliest ever! Did you feel that way about it, too? Nobel Prize Won By Japanese For Atomic Physics STOCKHOLM, Sweden, Nov. 4. (rt)Two scientists a Japa nese and an American were awarded Nobel prizes Thursday. Dr. Hidekl Yukawa, the first Japanese ever to be given a No bel prize, received the physics award for his contributions to atomic physics. Yukawa, 42, has been a professor of theoretical physics at Columbia university, New York, since last September. He, was educated entirely in Japan. Dr. William Francis Giauque, 54, professor of thermo dynamics at the University of California, was awerded the chemistry prize for his studies In the behavior of matter in temperatures close to absolute zero. The world's fore most expert on cold, Giauque de veloped methods of his own to create lower temperatures than any scientist had ever attained he fore him. Each award Is l."6,289 Swedish crowns i about $30,000). The Swedish academy decided to shelve the 1949 Nobel prize for literature, because it was dead locked over the too candidates, including Winston Churchill and Italian philosopher Benedetto Cro?e. Thirty-five persons have been nominated. Bo h Giauque and Yukawa are so-called pure scientists. Interest ed in learning the secrets of na ture, leaving the practical appli cation of discoveries to others. The academy's deliberations are In secret. Churchill's candid acy presumably was hosed large ly on his two hooks of World War II memoir. Croce, 83. is the au thor of many works on philos- lopny, estnetics and history. I The others in the final round were not Identified, hut outside i observers had considered the j American novc"st. William Falk- nnr Cirl . ... n,. n, , .,,,,, Mil g, W I fliur biographer of Lincoln, to be pos sibilities. The troublesome English "Sparrow" Is not a sparrow but mAmtuk I I V. .... I i - i By ViahtuH S. Martin Jlr 'family of Europe. In the Day's News (Continued from Page One) many of our products, both farm and timber, in their RAWEST POSSIBLE FORM. Thus we have got the smallest possible number of man-hours of employment out of our production. We have lost entirely the INTERMEDIATE payrolls that come out of process ing our raw materials for final consumption. That is to say: Here in Oregon, In the genera tions of the past, our economy has been a sort of PEASANT economy. We have toiled in the fields and in the woods to produce the raw (VERY raw) materials and somebody else, SOMEWHERE ELSE, has skimmed the Industrial cream by processing these mate rials into their finished form. MAYBE "peasant" economy isn't quite the correct term. COLO NIAL economy might be nearer to the truth. In this connection, you shouldn't forget that our an cestors cut loose from Mother England and fought a war that lasted nearly eight years to get out from under the colonial econ omy that -the short-sighted Eng lish rulers of that day sought to impose upon us. What the English of the be nighted era wanted was to take our raw materials, IN THE RAW EST POSSIBLE FORM, process them in England and sell them back to us In their COMPLETED form. Thus they could leave us living scantily on the skim milk while they lived fatly on the cream. Our founding fathers saw the point and broke loose from the system, even though the cost of breaking loose was war. It paid off. From the ending of the Revo lutionary War on, we processed our own raw materials into their final, completed form and sold them first to ourselves and when we had enough to meet our own needs we sold them to other peo ple all over the world. Following that policy persist ently ever since, we have become the greatest industrial nation on earth, with the highest standards of living ever known. OREGON'S situation, of course, has been slightly different. NOBODY FORCED US INTO A COLONIAL ECONOMY. We simply fell into It because It was EASIER to take the basic crops from our farmlands and the raw lumber from our forests and ship them off to somebody else to be further processed instead of processing them ourselves into their final form and thus building up hrer. In Oregon the great pay rolls that are Involved in FINAL PROCESSING. That is why pre-war Oregon was a backward industrial state. POST-WAR Oregon is beginning (slowly, a little at a time) to process Its raw materials Into more nearly completed form. That Is wh our payrolls are growing. ! But we have barely scratched the ! surface of our Intermediate pay- j roll possibilities. " 1 We need to GO FARTHER In that direction. YOU'RE on the right track, gov ernor. More power to you. You have hit on what Oregon needs Into order to get where it wants to be. LETTERS to the Editor Restrictions On Use Of DDT For Spraying Cited EUGENE I am amazed at the recommendation of the Oregon state board of health in recom mending either Aerosol truck spraying or airplane dusting with uui. u is ust another illustra tion of how badly Oregon needs a department of natural resources Instead of independent agencies pursuing their own blithe way. For corroboration, I refer vou to bulletin 15, U. S. Fish and Wildlife service, on the effects of various strengths of DDT and to the Farm Journal stories early in this year. It is forbiddent to use DDT even to spray the walls in dairy barns, let alone spraying the cows. The DDT comes through into the milk and Is toxic. The only allowable application is on manure piles, etc. Even the carefully handled for est service program of one per cent DDT kills the fish food in streams for ninety days. Five per cent takes adult fish. But disre garding the toll of bird life and fish life. DDT in any such strength as 2 Vi per cent to 5 per cent is toxic to numans ana oi far greater danger than the one it pretends to cure. With the known failings of DDT, the city of Roseburg would lay itself open to a multitude of law suits beyond belief. Why not go to the safer ways, parathion and other less harmful sub stances? With life becoming so complex It's time there was more light shed on man's list of tools lest they become the Frankenstein that destroys them. DDT is a poor tool and It's time we discovered- its weaknesses. MERT FOLTS, Eugene, Ore. Thoughtfulness On Halloween Appreciated ROSEBURG With deepest sincerity I want to express my appreciation for the courtesy ex tended me oy the tncK or treat ers" on Hallowe'en. Partieularly my thanks and admiration goes to the Uder girl in the group of six who refrained taking my sec ond offering, and restrained the younger ones saying "Oh, there's a lot out tonight; you won't have enough; there's a lot more com ing." She was correct, more did come; all were well behaved. But I say more power to her and her kind, to be so polite an thought ful. MRS. EDITH S. ACKERT, Roseburg, Ore. DOG TAG SOLUTION OAKLAND In answer to the letter by Evelyn Bowen concern? ing the links on dog license tags, I heartily agree with her, and think there is a solution. Why couldn't the license num bers be put on a little metal plate and riveted onto the collar or har ness? That way It could be read and would not jeopardize the dog in any way. STELLA KID WELL, Oakland, Ore. Sutherlin By MRS. BRITTAIN SLACK Larry Thornton, who lives east of Sutherlin, has been confined to his home by illness for the past week. Mrs. Edgar Slack and her sons, Marvin and Michael, and Mrs. Slack's sister, Daiiene, and her small daughter, spent Sunday vi-siting with the former's sister and family, Mr. and Mrs. Gil bert Butler, at Winston, Ore. Mrs. Leta Braucht, spent Tues day in Roseburg transacting business and having dental work done. v Clint Bamber of Roseburg spent the week end In East Suth erlin with Mr. and Mrs. Carl Thornton. Mr. and Mrs. O. M. Petty left this week for Kirk, Colo., where they will spend the win ter with relatives. Mrs. Jennie Amorde, left the forepart of the week to visit In Portlnad, with her daughter, Miss JoAnn. Levern French of Portland ar rived in Sutherlin Saturday to spend the week end with his par ents, Mr. and Mrs. Orville French. Mr. and Mrs. George Green, Mrs. Donald Green and children, enjoyed a motor trip through Dodge canyon to Elkton, and thence home Sunday. Donald Green spent a few days in Portland last week transact ing business. Mr. and Mrs. King Carlyle of Umpqua shopped and transacted business in this city Tuesday. Walt's Cafe had Its neon sign moved and lowered so that It can be seen from the highway, as it was in line with the sign put on the new Cheverlet buillding and could not be seen from town. Northwest Lumber Council To Demand Wage Boost EUGENE (.P) A general wage increase for lumber and sawmill workers in the Wil lamette valley will be urged con tinuously bv the Northwest coun cil of lumber and sawmill woi k- ers. and Us local unit, the Wil lamette valley district council, ac cording to a statement made bv Eldon Kraal, secretary of the Willamette group. He also announced that the lo cal council plans to set up a politi cal education committee, and to recommend establishment of simi lar committees by local unions. Kraal said that "owing to con tinued ability of the Industry to pay, and the continued high' liv ing costs, the council Instructed the negotiating committee to co operate, with adjoining district councils and the northwest coun cil in continuing negotiations for a general wage Increase lor northwest lumber workers and also to negotiate for for fringe Roseburg "Kids" To Be Honored In ' National Event "Kids of Roseburg will be honored In recognition of Nation al Kids' Day. While the official observance nationally is Nov. 19, Roseburg is jumping ihe gun by honoring the youngsters Friday nigh Nov. 18, under the Kiwanis club's sponsorship. A big football jamboree fea turing teams of the four local grade schools will be held on Finiay field. The students of the respective schools will each have a definite rooting section led by cheer leaders. Plans for the Jamboree were tentatively set up Thursday nignt at a meeting of a Kiwanis club committee, with Athletic Direc tor Cecil Sherwood and repre sentatives of the grade schools. Representing the K i w a n I a n s were Tom Pargeter. James Slat tery, Irvin Brunn, Maurice New land and Earl Plummer. The Kiwanis club has been largely responsible for providing football suits for football teams of the respective schools, While students will be admitted free to the Jamboree, a 50-cent charge will be made for adults, and all firoceeds above expenses will bo nto the club's childwelfare fund. POWER SERVICE UPPEO ," PENDLETON, Nov. 4 UP) Pacific Power and Light com pany Thursday energized a new substation here, the major Item in a $500,000 construction pro gram for Pendleton. Dr. F. W. Vincent, who helped bring the first power lines here in 1887, threw the switch. The substation increases capa city 60 tiercent. Next year with additional equipment, surround ing areas will be handled, now carried by the old substation. WHITE HOUSE JOB LET WASHINGTON P) John Mc Shain company of Philadelphia has been awarded the contract to rebuild the interior of the White House. The award was made by a fed eral commission on renovation of the executive mansion. The McShain company offered to do the job for $100,000 fixed PHONE 100 between 6.15 and 7 p. m., if you have not received your News Review. Ask for Harold Mobtey. 11 It PLUMBING Ample supply of materials and equipment enable us to handle complete jobs to advantage. Coen Supply Company Everything For The Builder Phone 121 Floed and Mill Sts. Safe Deposit Boxes Night Depository Service The -best protection costs you no more in the long run. See us today for details on these modern banking services. Douglas County State Bank Member Fed. Dep. Ins. Corp. . g 0piRua WALLPAPE RS ' I Home Fuqnishings l PERSONALIZED SERVICE FOR THE HOME BONUS FOR WORKERS PARIS P The French Cab inet has decided to give llvin? cost bonuses up to. 3.000 francs ($8.50) to low paid workers this month. If any bonuses are to be paid in succeeding months, they will have to be voted by other Cabinet sessions. The money is intend ed to tide over workers until freo collective bargaining can be re-. established. , . ' French non-communist labor unions are asking more than that, but wage-demand strikes so far have been small and sporadic. The bonus Is aimed at bring ing all workers up a minimum 15,000-franc monthly wage. , fee over and above the actual cost. That was the low bid. Congress has appropriated $5 400,000 for the work. The costs of the actual repairs are estimated at $1,160,000 with the balance go ing for the contractor's fee, re furnishing, redecorating, and en gineering costs. . loswell Mineral Baths Chiropractic Physiotherapy , Cl'.me Lady Attendants ' : 1 1 Mile S. of Drain, OreTon ThwijwKriMi! Th answeri to verydty tniuranc Droblenii By KEN BAILEY QUESTION: Can you tell me just what the difference is be tween automobile collision in surance and property damage insurance ? .... ANSWER: : Automobile colli sion insurance takes care- of the damage to the insured per son's car. Property damage in surance pays for damage to the automobiles or other prop, erty belonging to persons oth er than the insured. a-If you'll aaoieas your own Insur ance questions tc this office, we'll try to give you the ,-orrect answers and theje will be no rharca or ebli ration of any kind. KEN BAILEY INSURANCE AGENCY 315 Pacific Bldg. Phone 398 WW Wise buyers look for the Imperial silver label that says the. finest In wallpapers. Guaranteed to with stand room exposure without fad ing and to clean satisfactorily when instructions are followed.