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About The news-review. (Roseburg, Or.) 1948-1994 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 3, 1949)
Tariffs, Quotas Barriers To The Efficient Operation Of Marshall Aid Plan In Europe
By JAMES MARLOW
JTd , . N-a-Europe mu,t "unify economy." That Is
tI. . Ho"m?n' head 01 11,8 Marshall plan, has Just told Europe.
mis Is a rough explanation ot his meaning. The problem Is not
simple. The Marshall plan, due to end In 1952, has helped Europe
What may happen after the
nn'R hcln J0 unit in
J Happen mier me -
plana help ends? Will Euroue
stumble, stagger and collapse9 across state lines as if they didn't
Unlpsn ifa svttM.inwi p... i exist.
making a strong effort to help Since the 48 states have about
itself after 1952, Congress may 150,000,000 people, that's a terrific
Start PUttina Hnvin kn nlnM mnrkpt far calai In anv lino
a uic yiau w
lOie then. To win that mnrlrpf th vnrlnn
.i r. leus jLurope 10 manuraciurers nave to compete
twj.uinjr, Au uimur agtunsc one anoiner dv selling as
Stand What hp hfla In mtnri fivet nhaanlu o V,
awn at uw unuea iaiaies 01
Th as cQfn ii (.maxe me it products as cneapiy as
mnnm m u u s"e possible. The efficient ones pros-
THo thfnlrlna tha A morl.
can system Js this: By selling at
the lowest possible price, through
efficient production, you sell .to
I he more you can sell, the more
you want to turn out since it
lUPanc mnro mirifff mn Tint
the more you can turn out, the
Blearer me neea ior worKers 10
turn it out. '
That increases employment
i III ..
ft 1 1
CLERK 2 2 YEA'RS
Charles Elmore Cropley, who
has served the U. S. Supreme
Court for 41 years, 22 as Clerk,
leaves his office to attend s
session in Washington.
Kid's Urge For Airplane
Ride Bad Luck For Mom
' SAN ANTONIO, Texap UP)
Sometimes a kid's whim can give
parents a Dig pain in tne necK, as
Mrs. Juanita Masters of Carrlzo
Springs can testify. Her little
Jimmy, 6, just wanted to take an
Billy cried, Mrs. Masters said,
so she stopped at the small air
port they were DassinE.
Mrs. Masters, Billy, a nephew,
Gary Ray Cox; Mrs. Pat Owens,
and a pilot listed as Frank Rogers
took off in a light plane.
The plane sputtered as It left
the ground, Mrs. Masters said.
Less than a mile from the air
port it ran out of gas and crashed
into some mesquite trees. 4
Only Mrs. Masters was hurt.
She suffered a sprained back.
Auto Accident Kills
Survivor Of Big Flood
KLAMATH FALLS, Nov. 3.
UP) William E. Beck, 69, a sur
vivor of the famous Johnstown,
Pa., flood of 1889, died here
Wednesday of Injuries received in
an automobile accident last Sun
day. His death brought Klamath
county's traffic toll for this year
to 15 and was the fifth fatality
attributable to automobile acci
dents in nine days.
Beck was Injured Sunday morn
ing on the Merrill highway near
Henley school when his car was
sideswiped by a vehicle driven by
Jack Barbour, Klamath area
Beck is a former Cottage Grove
resident, but was retired and was
living in Klamath Falls.
He was a native of Johnstown.
Tarsus, a town in Turkey the
harbor of which was visited by
Cleopatra's fleets, is now an in
land town 10 miles from the sea
because of land washed down
from the interior.
It is believed that the petri
fied forest of Arizona was once
covered by a sea at which time
the tissue of the trees was re
placed by stone. ,
About one f oucth of the nation's
vegetables are grown in California.
Oak & Stephens Phone 446
24 Hours a Day
Call 446 during the day or
1073-J at night or on holi
days for complete tow car
which means more people with
money to spend and. In turn,
creates more customers. And the
more things people can buy that
they want, the higher their stand
ard of living.
Although America has 150,000,
000 people, all potential custom
ers for American goods moving
freely, Hoffman says Europe has
270,000,000 people, potential cus
tomers for European goods. But
Tariffs, Quotas Barriers
In Europe goods don't move
freely. There the set-up is differ
ent. To see how different, Imagine
an American like this:
The 48 strftes are separate and
Independent. Each has Its own
money: New York with the dol
lar, New Jersey with the franc,
and so on. Each state has its own
army, language and national tra
ditions going back hundreds of
years. Over those years each
state has tried to be self-sufficient,
more or less.
To protect the producers from
outside competition, each state
has set up barriers to make it
hard for goods from another state
to get in. How? By such devices
as tariffs and quotas.
For example: New Jersey and
New York manufacturers turn
out hats worth $5. To protect its
hatmakers, New York has a tariff
of $10 on New Jersey hats sold
in New York. So in New York a'
hat sells for $5 but the same $5
New Jersey hat sells Jn New
York for $15.
Or, as an example of the quota
system: New York won't let in
more than 100 New Jersey hats a
year. Such a quota, plus the tariff,
makes it pretty tough for New
Jersey hatmakers to sell in New
So, with all these obstacles to
interstate trade, the manufactur
ers in each state turn out their
goods mainly for the people of
their own state. That limits the
market and the incentive to
I If New York, says, has 10,000,-
000 people while all 48 have 150,
000,000, the New York hatmakcr
is missing a potential market of
Since his market is compara
tively small and competition from
outside manufacturers Is cut off,
the New York manufacturer
doesn't produce on a mass basis.
So his production costs are
He'd have to be more efficient,
producing more cheaply, If he
were competing against hatmak
ers tn all 48 states. But doesn't
he have to compete against other
New York hatmakers to capture
the New York trade?
Not If. the New York hatmakers
make deals, dividing up the New
York market among themselves
so all of them can stay in bus
iness. This helps the Inefficient
hatmaker. He stays In business,
his prices stay up.
This picture of the 48 states Is,
crudely, thi picture of modern
So when Hoffman tells Europe
to "unify its economy," he's urg
ing a European economic set-up
like that of the United States:
Elimination of trade barriers,
competitive production for 270,
000,000 Europeans instead of the
people of just one nation and the
jobs and efficiency he thinks that
would mean, plus a straightening
out of the tangled European
Hoffman is talking of an econ
omic Europe something like the
United States. He's not suggest
ing they all form one govern
ment. That might come later or
have to follow.
Farmers Battle Fines
For Killing Raiding Elk
LA GRANDE, Ore., Nov. 3.
(IP) Two northeastern Oregon
farmers will carrv to circuit court
here their insistence that they
can shoot elk to protect crops.
The two. Gene G. Stockoff and
Heber P. Glenn, were fined $100
each after a Justice court jury
convicted them of killing elk out
Stockotf and Glenn contended
they had suffered $1000 crop dam
age each from elk on their Ladd
canyon farms this year. They shot
two elk Sept 12. They announced
they would appeal to circuit court.
Illinois Governor's Wife
In Reno To Get Divorce
RENO, Nev., Nov. 3.-UP)
Mrs. Ellen B. Stevenson, wife of
Governor Adlal Stevenson of Il
linois, has established Nevada
residence for a divorce, her at
torney disclosed today.
Attorney John ' Sinai said "all
questions between Mrs. Steven
son and her husband have been
Thur., Nov. 3, 1949-The News-Review, Roseburg, Ore. S
Apartment, House Fire
Fatal To Six Persons
CINCINNATI, Nov. 3.-IJP)
Six persons died early Wednesday
in a, fire which swept through
hallways of a three-story apart
ment building at the edge of the
downtown district and left them
trapped in their rooms. Seven
others were burned or hurt In
lPKns frnm wnnrl anI MrJ ,...
Ironically, the blaze was ex
tinguished in short order by fire-
mpn. nnrl 1?lt-A M.r.h.1 un..
McNay estimated the damage at
mu.y ttUUUl ,UUU.
The identified dead were listed
Coy Shelton, Athens, Tenn.
William Hartman, Cincinnati.
Mrs. Alma McBeath, Liberty,
James ATpxanrfor nhsinf atnfct
Ison of Mrs. McBeath.
Ooldle Taylor, 53, Cincinnati.
One man was unidentified but
hospital attaches believed it might
bp Cipnroe Smith 33 t,,hn hn ..
daughter living . 'at 'Huntington,
McNay expressed belief the fire
was started oy someone smoking
Boy Stabbed By Cousin
In Critical Condition
ALTURAS, Calif., Nov. 3. UP)
The condition of Tommy Jess
Rightnour, 18-month-old boy who
allegedly was stabbed last Sat
urday by a 12-year-old cousin, was
termed "very critical Wednesday
at the Alturai general' hospital.
The child was found aban
doned In a haystack a half-mile
from home with a deep butcher '
knife wound In the abdomen aft- '
er having been missing from his
home for almost 12 hours Sat
The cousin, Dale Jennings, was '
picked up at Davis Creek near'
Alturas shortly after the little
boy was found, and made a state
ment to Modoc county officer
admitting he wounded the boy.
Dale Jennings is held in cus- '
today pending outcome ot the '
Rightnour boy's condition.
PAGE LUMBER & FUEL
164 E. 2nd Ave. S. hone 242
Last week we purchased from the heart of the nation's canning belt,
Sacramento, California, 40,000 pounds (yes, 20 tons) of canned fruits
and vegetables to bring you this direct CARLOAD CANNED
46-oz. can California Days
(Not a cheap, but a fancy tomato juice.)
No. 2Yi can Heart of California
Yellow Cling Peaches 19c
7V2-OZ. can State Fair
No. 2 can Westward
2 CANS 25c
No. 1 tall can State Fair
FRUIT MIX 2 29c
(Peaches, Pears and Grapes in Heavy Syrup)
No. 300 can Ocean Spray
Cranberry Sauce 14c
No. 1 oval can . . . Booth
Tomato or Mustard
ALL DAV LONG -HAVE
THEM ON HAND,
O LOCAL IRAMMARRt, h.
SPINACH, fresh green . . . 2 lbs. 19c
ONIONS, green local . . . bun. 5c
POTATOES, U. S. No. Ts 10 lbs. 45c
ORANGES, juicy.. . . . 8-ib.bag69c
Delicious Apples Wash Loos8 Pack box 1.69
M E AT
PICNIC HAMS ........ 39c lb.
Morrell's Pride -. '
BACON SQUARES. 25c lb.
Select Steer Beef
T-BONE STEAK : . . .69c lb.
Fresh Ground Beef Fresh Dai,y 2 lbs. 69c
BEEF SHORT RIBS ....... 19c lb.
FRESH BEEF LIVER . .... 35c lb.
"Trick or Treat is over but It It always a treat to buy
your meat from ...
PLACE YOUR ORDER NOW FOR YOUR
THANKSGIVING TURKEY WITH UNCLE DAVE.
PICK IT UP IN TIME FOR THANKSGIVING.
Snowdrift, Crisco, Spry, 3-lb. can 79c
BLUE KARO SYRUP . . 54c
RED KARO SYRUt. . . . . . : 55c
MB. CELLO BAG THOMPSON
CHOCOLATE DROPS . . : 23c
MEN WHY WORK? RENT OUR
JOHNSON ELECTRIC FLOOR POLISHER
AND LET THE MRS. DO IT.
BY THE DAY . . .50c
NO. 2Vt CAN SACRAMENTO CHOICE
YELLOW CLING PEACHES . 25c
N0...2'i CAN EUGENE
PUMPKIN . . . : . . 9c
l-LB. BOX BRACH'S "
CHOCOLATE CHERRIES . : , 49c
Pure Sorghum, Farmer Jones . . . 47c
PHONOGRAPH RECORDS 7 29c
18 COUNT DIAMOND SPRING
CLOTHESPINS.: . . ..17c
THE ROUND SHREDDED WHEAT
QUAKERS MUFFETS . . . . . 13c
No. 2Vi Can Sacramento Brand Miner Style
PORK AND RED BEANS . . .. 23c
4- ROLL PACK, ZEE
TOILET TISSUE . . 29c
ALL 5c CANDY BARS . . . 6 for25c
10 INDIVIDUAL SERVINGS
RALSTON TRAY PACK . . 25c
14-OZ. BOTTLE (33 13 SOLIDS)
SACRAMENTO CATSUP . . . . . .17c
5- LB. TIN LUMBER JACK
SYRUP .. ..79c
FUDGE AND FROSTING MIX
SWEL.. .. .. .. . .. . .. . :. . 29c
1-LB. BOX SUNSHINE
HI HO CRACKERS .. . . 25c
28-oz Jar . . . Canterbury
Old English Style
1-lb. package Brown or Powdered
Grade "A" Medium
Weekdays 9 a. m. to 8 p. m.
Sunday and Holidays. .9 a.m. to 7 pm.
Absolutely no tales to dealers. We reserve the right
to limit quantities. Grocery specials good Friday,
Saturday and Sunday. Meat and Produce prices ef
fective Friday and Saturday.
Beat the Price by Saving Twice! City Drive-In Market Features Lower Prices