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About The news-review. (Roseburg, Or.) 1948-1994 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 11, 1949)
4 Th New-Riew, Roseburg, Ore-Thur., Aug. 11, 1949
Published D lily Except Sunday fy the
Newi-1vie Company. Inc.
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Bbrg. Orcgaa. wm4t Ml ( Msrrb t, 111
CHARLES V. STANTON EOWIN L. KNAPP
Member of the Associated Press, Oregon Newspaper Publisher
Association, the Audit Bureau of Circulations
prtttntrd by ttKriT-HOI.i.inAV CO, iSV. fflrra in Na nrk. Cfctcf.
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Another Slum Clearance Problem to Be Solved
By Viahnett S. Martin' J
By CHARLES V. STANTON
The California Oregon Power company faced many tough
problems in setting up its Toketee falls power project on the
North Umpqua river. But it also ran into some exceptionally
fortunate circumstances, particularly an unexpected find of
suitable materials close at hand.
Most interesting is a substance which will form the core
of the dam, substituting for reinforced concrete originally
scheduled for use.
Seeking gravel to be used with cement for the great
volume of concrete work connected with the project, work
men uncovered an extensive deposit only a short distance up
stream from the site of the dam. Considering that the forma
tion in that area is largely pumice, the presence of a large
gravel deposit handy to the job was con.wiered most
Nearby workmen found a swampy tract covering consider
fble acreage. It is a peculiar type of soil and extremely
spongy. Engineers began experimenting with it. They found
that in its natural state, filled with root fibers, it had
. peculiar water absorbing qualities.
During their experiments they removed the roots by
screening, dried the soil, ground it into powder and packed
it into cores for testing.
Much to their surprise and interest, they found that the
soil became as solid as concrete. Freed from capillary action
by removal of roots and other foreign matter, the soil became
impervious to moisture, completely reversing its original
state. Heavily packed in large mass it had strength equal to
concrete, was more resistant to moisture, and hud an excep
tionally high shear resistance.
Because of its peculiar properties, this soil is to form the
core of the dam.
Workmen are stripping the soil from the swamp in six
inch layers. Then it is thoroughly scarified to break it down
to dust, and is screened to remove foreign substances. The
dust is then laid in place and tamped witli shennfoot rollers.
As it hardens it sets up very similar to concrete.
Construction of the dam is interesting.
Sheet steel piling is being driven on the axis of the d:im,
through soil and gravel and into the bedrock foundation.
The piling is a heavy sheet of steel about 13 inches wide and
ranging up to 30 feet in length. The sheets have interlocking
edges. They will project several feet above the surface of the
Using the unique material found near the site as a core,
workmen will build a solid center tapering from GO feet at
the base to a width of 10 feet at the top. Starting 300 feet
from the axis of the dam on the upstream side, workmen
will then build an earth and gravel fill to the top of the core
The downstream side of the fill will start about 200 feet
from the axis of the dam.
The intake and spillway structure will have rapacity to
take the full volume of water flow at highest known flood
stage. Thus no water will flow over the dam.
From the dam water will be diverted into 1200 feet of 12
foot wood-stave pipe, 5300 feet of concrete and rock tunnel
and GOO feet of metal penstock with approximately a 400
foot head at the powerhouse.
Sufficient escapement of water into the natural river
channel will be provided at the dam to maintain the scenic
beauty of Toketee falls.
In starting this project, Copeo had as one of its toughest
engineering assignments the location of a roadway down the
almost perpendicular walls of the 1200-foot deep river can
yon. A wall so steep that engineers and surveyors went over
the side on ropes.
Told that it would be impossible to build a road down such
a canyon wall, engineers proved the error of 'Ins assump-!
tion by producing a switchback two-way road easily and
afoly negotiable by the ordinary passenger vehicle.
One of the first installations, alter it became possible to
transport heavy machinery to the bottom of th canyon, was
.:n ..-.I. i. i ... .... . .1
u Kiiiiui aunmiii, nun men mgs cleared irom me campsite inflationary
were converted into timbers and boards from wnich build- !aml financial market. But if
,..rt i,;it ti,;. ...in i. i i j .confidence become undermined,
nigs were built. This mill has since been enlarged. Now, asVou find deficits may work the
workmen are removing all trees from what will ?oon become i u,h,r way.
an artificial lake, this sawmill is producing form lumber for 'SSSSStl
concrete work and lumber and shingles for the many perma- I lusting the monev supplv to make
nent dwellings, office buildings, schoolhouse ami other ! tak.buylnB a",,u"ve ,0 our
structures. Drilish bonds are down In price
Thus by utilizing wood, gravel and a concrete substitute. SoiKK:!'
nil ioutia near me scene oi construction, Copco lias saved "1;u oum noid tnem steadv
much transportation expense.
This business of everlastingly
getting cleaned up, thinks the
adolescent when pressed too hard
by unfeeling, Inconsiderate par
ents, is a nuisance, to say the
least. One young man, In the
days when the worse the cords
looked the happier the hie.h
school wearer appeared to be,
came up with, he was sure, a
humdlnRcr that would stop his
parents for a while.
"Says riKht here in the Bible,"
said he, triumphantly, "It's all
rltjht to eat with unwashen
hands. So there!"
Well, a Iriend who was raised
In strict accordance with the old
Hebrew customs helped the par
ents out. Said she, "it wouldn't
matter how well you scrubbed
your hands, they wouldn't be
'clean' In the way the old patri
archs meant." She said there
were "paRes and pages in the
Mishna about the ceremony of
washing hands." Anyway every
body had a better understanding
of the Intent of the one who
strove to emphasise the spirit
rather than the letter of the law.
Sometimes we smile at others'
way of doing things and at the
same time make a kind of ritu
alistic convention of housework,
for Instance. I have a friend who
Beer Bottle Blow In
Tavern Takes Man's Life
LONGVIEW. Wash., Aug. 11.
(flt Glen Hanson, 42, Kelso, died
in a local hospital Wednesday
of a skull fracture with local
officers being informed that he
had been struck with a beer bot
tle In a Rainier, Ore., tavern
Tuesday night. Coroner Gordon
By Harris Ellsworth
Congressman. 4th District of Oregon
likes to do her housework In the
evening! So that's when she
does It. Her husband's civic and;M. Quarnstrom said an autopsy
professional duties keep him out I will be conducted for the bene
, . , ...k.-1 fit of Columbia countv. Ore., of-
evenings a great deal. Id rather:.. . Ranlpr man
do that," said my friend, "than held in Jail there for questioning
sit around reading a book
I know another woman with a
large family who waits until the
children are settled for the night
and then does a lot In much less
time. No Interruptions. She
often sleeps a while In the day
while they are at school.
When I was a child Monday
was wash day and the clothes
were hung out eariy, wnnna
done by the housewife or a laun
dress. I have, a friend who
washes at night, hangs her
clothes out in her fenced yard,
and who cares?
Housework Is hard enough
without making it harder by con
forming to what may be a per
fect routine for the neighbor next
door, and by not having courage
to do thlncs according to our
own (peculiar?) notions.
Why don't we Just figure out
what is easiest, plcasantest for
us, and then go ahead and do It
that way? "The neighbors"
who knows might even take a
whirl themselves at an Idea
which seems novel.
in the case.
After considerable deliberation
the commission charged with the
responsibility of renovating, re
placing cr rebuilding the White
House, has decided to restore it
and leave the external appear
ance as it is now. lit badly needs
a coat of paint.) I learned from
one of the members of the com
mission recently that one of the
troublesome problems faced by
their group Is what to do with the
old lumber, bricks and stone re
moved from the building. There
will be a vast amount of such
stuff, he said.
After all, the While House Is
no ordinary building. Kvery
ounce of wood and masonry in
the structure is steeped in lis
tory. Some of the replaced tim
bers are blackened from the fire
set by the British during the war
of 1612. Some of the stones, I
am told, bear chiseled inscrip
tions, names and dates done at
the time they were layed in
None of the material will be
destroyed at least not until
everything that is wanted by mu
seums and for souvenirs has been
saved. Definite plans have not
been made but It is guessed that
the old wood may be made into
gavels, canes or panels and that
paper-weights may be made Irom
the bricks and stones. The com
mission is having a hard time de
ciding Just what to do about it.
The administration demand
that we supply arms and ammu
nition to the pact countries is
meeting tough sledding in the
House Foreign Affairs commit
tee. This country is asked to dig
up an additional billion and a
half dollars for that purpose. The
idea does not appeal to me and
I do not think we should take inv
such dangerous step in haste. Off
hand. It seems to me that pilini;
up that much high grade mili
tary equipment in western Eu
rope would be olfering a mighty
tempting prize for a predatory
Our country has been correctly
referred to as the "Arsenal of
Democracy." If the arsenal is
kept here we know pretty well
what is going to happen to it.
Our experience in placing large
stores of arms and ammunition
on other shores is not encourag
ing. The Russian army even now
moves on trucks made in the
On the other hand the United
States is spending an enormous
sum for war materials. During
this fiscal year our spending for
the department of defense alone
will amount to about $40,000,000
per day (counting Sundays and
holidays). In dollars that will
represent Just three times the
amount to he spent on military
defense In Europe including the
billion and a half dollars from us
If they get It!
Under the terms or tne pact
as signed and sealed, we are
bound to go Immediately to the
aid of any European country
which may be attacked. If mili
tary equipment is kept here it
can be quickly sent where and
when it is needed most. If it is
sent abroad, we have no actual
wav of knowing Just what will
become of it or precisely where
it will be if and when It is needed.
The Rivers and Harbors bill re
cently reported from the public
works committee appears to oe
bogged down in the rules com
mittee. This bill carries import
ant authorizations for the Wil
lamette protect. It may get lost
in the shuffle at the closing days
of the session. If that happens
it will, of course, be pending on
the calendar for early action next
National Gunboats Plug
Ports Of Chines Reds
HONG KONG. Aug. 11. (.
Official reports from Formosa
said Nationalist gunboats Tues
day night intercepted and de
tained or destroy. 13 vessels
and lighters of foreign firms off
Taku bar,' gateway to Tientsin.
The official Chinese Central
Preis agency reported from
Kaosheum. Nationalist naval
base on Formosa, that the action
will close the communist ports of
Tientsin and TangMu to shipping
since deep draft ships can not sail
up the narrow and shallow Hal
The reports said one lighter of
nearly 1,000 tons was destroyed
by Nationaltet shellfire when It
tried to escape up river. Another
was reported damaged.
If you da not roetiv
your News-Review by
6:1S P.M. call Harold
Mjbley before 7 P.M.
Distributed In Roseburg By Bates Candy Co.
from Top Jo-Bottom!
U. S. Government Bonds Rise
During Deficit Financing
While British Bonds Slump
By SAM DAWSON
NEW YORK. Aug. 11. (.T) United States government bonds
have been going up as the treasury heads Into deficit financing.
British government bonds have been going down as the English
exchequer's dollar deficit heads into another of the perpetual crises.
Deficit financing means you;
are sending more than you are
taking in and finding the cash for
this way of living bv various
means. One of them is bv selling
efftvt on busines
Wrong Quotation Of Senator McCarran Corrected
WASHINGTON, Aug. 11- Ul
Senator McCarran (K. Nev. I was
Incorrectly quoted by the Aso
ciatcd I'ress Monday as having
told the Senate that Norman Cor.
win had been "cited as Commu
nist and subversive by the attor
ney general of the United
Actually, McCarran said for
win, a member of the radio di
vision of the United Nations in
formation department, has been
"characteristic of a numlier of
people-" ho he said have pone
"directly from fields of subver
sive activity" In this count rv into
positions of authority In the'U. N.
Cm-win said In reply to Mc
Carran: "I hae worked at the Job of
helping to broaden an apprecia
tion of American institutions, our
democracy and our form of gov
ernment. My sentiments have
never been secret Irom anvone
associated with organizations and are on record in print ' and
which the attorney general ha
cited variously as "Communist
and subversive" or "Communist
Corwin In New York reiterated
previous denial that he is a Com
munist and declared "I believe I
am a vastly better patriot'' than
McCarran. vear Is added to Its ane on the
The Nevada senator pointed tojtirst day of the following Jan
Corwin In his speech Monday as uary.
Under the Japanese svstem of
computing ages, a svstem which
will tie discarded the end of 1 b-i;.
a baby is considered to be one
yrr old at birth and another
Falling prices In the last thrc
weeks have wiHHl out about SJ
billion In their quoted values.
Americans are still sold on the
financial soundness of this coun
try, no matter how much they
J may difler among themselves
j from lime to time on the wisdom
I of various fiscal and governmen
tal policies. Therefore, the U. S.
: treasury is able to sell securities,
j Unions, on the other hand, aiv
showing signs of being worried
about the financial status of their
countrv. as crisis fol':vs crisis.
So some of them have been selling
their government securities, and
keening the casii.
Tne Federal Reserve hoard has
kept a close watch on U. S. bond
'icr all along. Recently it has
stopped putting its bond holdings
on the market, to let the oanks
hid up the price of available
banks, however. alre.dv have
large sums on hand their loans
lo business dropjed steadily
throughout the first halt of the
year, and deosits and savings
accounts piled up.
The idle money from the three
sources freed reserves, the
money business doesn't want,
and he eople"s savings can
How into the U. S. securities mar
ket. So bond prices rise in over
the counter sales as the demand
for them increases.
In England, however, the tide
has been running the other way.
The London government has
been issuing a siring of new se
curities in recent years to pay for
the industries it nationalized. Its
costs of running them have been
high. too. This swells the supply
of government bonds.
At (he same time, the govern
ment's well advertised dollar
shortage makes British investors
nervous. And the rumor that nev
er dies that England soon will
devalue the pound makes Inves
tors even more nervous, because
it would also devalue their hold-
All this Is aggravated lust now
I bv the approaching showdown In
j Washington in September w hen
British and American officials
I will seek some way out of the
current dollar crisis, brought on
nccause riruain has been con
tracting to buy more goods with
dollars than she has been ur.able
to sell for dollars.
Idle Money Plentiful
j The board also has lowered
i hank reserve requirements. Th's
World War 11 veterans be
tween 1'5 and 3 years of age
had a median inconie of $'.' 401 in
1W7. compared with $.'..VSS for
means that money which banks non veterans in the same age
formerly had to hold now ran I group, according to a Census
be used for Investment. The 1 Bureau studv.
MORE FOOD-SPACE INSIDE . . .
NO BIGGER OUTSIDE!
8,' 'i cubic feet within the shelf area, plus 2 cubic feet . . .
used by refrigerated Fruit Freshener . 1 1 all in a refrig
erator using no more floor space than a 7 cubic foot
Spacious General Storage Compartment . . plenty of
Magic Shelf adjustable for balky food storage!
I-arge Crisprr Drawer ... 12 qts. total rapacity!
Krlvinator's exclusive new Fniit Freshener , . . Moist
Colil-ltan Door Trim clean, smooth . ; no visible
Triggerartion door latch . . . positive closing!
4 llig quick-action ice cube travs . . . with two built-in
tray release and cule release levers.
Knlvinator's famous Polarsphere mechanism . . . perma
nentlv lubricated . . . trouble-free performance!
And many othtr brilliant fattiirrs!
Frozen Food Chest!
Here's toot wonderful new kitchen helper! Now
you ran serve "outof-srason foods etiervrflrv . , i
safestore frown meats, poultry, fruits, vegetables,
desserts. Freeze your own, or buy them frozen
you'll always have the makings of a delirious meal!
- r fx
X' ' mviT niiHinl j
M : '
jr.' - ' I t
110 OO Dawn
Model CM-48 shown above Price
ahnwn ar fnr dVlit
Ibrr's what every busy housewife will go for . i . the
big .Moist -Cold Fruit Freltrner! Holds a load of
fruits vegetables, too . . . keeps tliem delieioulr
crJd and fresh! It tilts out at a touch. keNiiutor
M-W. KefnitraieJ (rm-ff-.-irro,
fniit Irrabrner ivr ou
pifnu oi aiuM foe iruii star.
rr. Km-pln Haaurplr.
MM-Wl. Hrfr1,rtlled IrW
7' H BalrrJ
t-U Ornrral K.J ,rl.
M-Pt. X.r faHMM tvM
Mt FrtOw W ,.
pe-rib4l.lr. i,m S b,
t rm t ea, ( he. ,w
XI ..-.4d K, ,hrf
Til AJ f . 1 sssssBilaW