The news-review. (Roseburg, Or.) 1948-1994, August 10, 1949, Page 14, Image 14

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tot prompt courttoui mtr
d dlivris of high quelity
iter and burner oil
CALL 152
Distributors of Hancock
Petroleum Product! For
Oougloi County
al benefit at the beginning of
every quarter. The rise in New
York's unemployment insurant
claims from 331.000 aa of June
11 to 425.000 as of July 9 was due
In part to the fact that a number
of claimants had exhausted their
benefits in the second quarter of
the year. But they became eli
gible for new benefits after Juiy
Massachusetts and 15 other
slates have uniform benefit
years, beginning April 1. Maxi
mum benefit in Massachusetts U
23 weeks in any one year. When
a Bay State worker has used up
all his wage credits and drawn
benefit payments for 23 weeks, he
cannot again become .-Ugihle for
benefits until after the next April
In other states, the usual pat
tern Is for each worker's employ
ment year record to begin on the
day he files his initial claim for
insurance. Then when he has ex
hausted his benefits, he does nut
again become eligible for more
unemployment Insurance until 52
weeks after he filed his first
When a worker Is drawing in
surance for from 20 to 26 weeks,
he Is obviously not building up
wage credits for the following
year. In this ensuing year this
worker will therefore be eligible
for roughly less than half as
much insurance as he got in his
Initial year of unemployment.
Thousands Exhaust Benefits
National statistics on the exist
ing 48 state unemployment insur
ance systems, as collected by the
Bureau of Kmployment Security
'n Washington, reveal that for
'he first three months of this
vcar, 369,000 of the 2.110.000
workers now drawing unemploy
ment Insurance had exhausted
their benefits. Figures for the
econd quarter, now being corn
oiled, will probably show an In
crease in exhaustions. For the
third quarter the situation will
really become critical unless
4 Th Uws-IUvUw, Rostburg, Or Wd.r Aug. 10, 1949
Unemployment Causes Heavy
Drain On State Pocketbooks
KEA Washington Correspondent
WASHINGTON. Exhaustion of unemployment insurance bene
fits by workers is another recession headache that must soon be
laced. Since the laws governing unemployment Insurance vary in
very state, it is difficult to make a national round-up on this sub
ject that will fit all cases. But the nature of the problem may be
dated In several terms.
Th weakness of the unemploy
ment Insurance system is In com
bating depressions. The system
was designed primarily to give
temporarily unemployed workers
ome income between jobs. If the
country is now heading Into an
other period of continued low em-
filoyment such as it went through
n the 1930s, that's where the
trouble will come.
. The 33,000,000 workers now
covered by the various stale sys
tems become eligible for unem
ployment Insurance as they build
up "wage credits." The more
steadily workers are employed
In any year, the more unemploy
ment Insurance they are entitled
to, up to the maximum set by
each state. New York now has
the most liberal unemployment
Insurance terms In the nation.
Unemployed workers there may
draw a maximum of $26 a week
for a maximum of 26 weeks in
ny year.
When a worker exhausts his
unemployment Insurance bene
fits in any year, he mav not be
come eligible for more unem
ployment insurance until a new
'employment year" begins. It is
In determining the limits of this
employment year that state prac
tices vary widely.
What States Provide .
In New York, the unemployed
may become eligible for addition-
Slovak Villagers
Resist Threat Of
Priest's Arrest
PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia, Aug.
10. UP) Police have put
down a "revolt" In a Slovakian
village where Catholics defend
ing their priest from threatened
arrest had set up their own local
government, a communist week
ly news magazine reported to
day. Aroused villagers led bv a band
of fighting peasant women had
beaten up the chairman of the
communist-controlled local exec
utive hoard. Svet Prace. weekly
magazine of the Czechoslovak
communist party, said.
Two persons were reported
wounded and "sevtra'" arrested
in northwestern Slovakia.
The magazine gave no precise
date for the clash but said the
offending village had its'electric
power cut off for several weeks,
apparently as punishment.
Strecno is in the Zillna district
of Slovakia where fighting be
tween Catholic villagers and
broke out about six weeks ago.
Whether this was a new incident
or a report on details of former
fighting now coming to light
could not be definitely establish
ed. (Vatican sources reported last
week that new clashes had oc
curred in Slovakia, which is
strongly Catholic.)
Svet Prace called the Strecno
unrising a "revolution" and dis
closed that state security police
supported by workers' militia
units were called to ouell it.
Peasants wielding flails and
sevthes were disarmed.
The communist organ claimed
Strecno citizens had chosen an
"Illegal" council of their own to
renlace the local government
"aTter things were changed."
j , j WHAT lil TCffilf OFF WE WEfctE SITTING HERE YMiitUi
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I li H i I ilftMwV LADy WHO TAUGHT ME I ', ,"l h , '
j I jig
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0-9 tJ.P?.Wl! I IAMC I
Future Farmers And 4-H'ers
To Have Prominent Roles In
County Fair, Kiwanians Told
The part to be played In the
coming Douglas county fair by
Future Farmers of America and
4-H club members was explained
to Kiwanis members Tuesday at
the regular noon meeting of the
organization at the Umpqua hotel.
nomer urow, speaKing lor r.
F. A., told Kjwanians that this
will be the first county fair in 36
years. Although we will have
relatively small beginning, he
said, future plans call for one of
the largest and best equipped fair
grounds in the state.
Grow extended a special invi
tation to Kiwanians to attend the
fair and see the Kiwanis heifer
calf presented last year to Billy
Austin, . r . A. member., urow
said the heifer has since given
birtn to a calf which win be kept
by young Austin until It is six
months old. then given to an
other F. F. A. member. In this
way, the "Kiwanis calf chain" will
keep growing, he said.
I-rank von Borstel. county 4-H
club agent, invited the audience
to view the enlarged fair facili
ties being prepared for the open
ing of the fair Aug. 25-27.
Livestock Entries Pour In
"I think you'll be amazed at
the Immensity of the project," he
, said. He said 220 horse stalls have
been built, as nave two luu oy
feet livestock bams and the main
pavilion, measuring 100 by 140
Von Borstel said already nearly
100 livestock entries have been
received from county 4-H club
members. This is in addition to
home economics, forestry, show
manship, home making and crop
contests to be entered by the club
In all. F. F. A. and 4-H club
members will occupy about one
fourth of the total space in th
main pavilion, he said.
Von Borstel especially stressed
the emphasis to be placed on com
munity and grange exhibits. H
said exhibit space could be ar
ranged for by contacting Paul
Abeel fair manager. These ex
hibits will be judged on their ef
fectiveness originality and qual
ity of the articles shown and
should be so arranged as to dis
play to the best advantage th
articles and produce from each
Preceding the speakers' re
marks. Alvin Knauss, Douglas
Community hospital manager,
was Introduced as a new member
of the Roseburg Kiwanis club.
By J. R. Williams
there Is a pickup In employ
ment. For winter a worker can
draw no more benefits, he must
go on relief if he has no other
source of Income.
During the first quarter of 1949,
the average unemployed worker
vvausteri his wage credits and
his benefits In about 19 weeks.
So any unemployment lasting
more than five months can easily
swell relief and public welfare
Of the 10 principal labor mar
ket areas reporting more than
12 12 percent of their Insured
workers drawing unemployment
K-,neflts in Mav, only one situa
tion has born cleared up. That Is
the San Jose, Calif., area.
Reds Plan Disposal Of Shanghai's Idlt Million
SHANGHAI. Aug. 10.-UP)
Shanghai's unemployed total 1,
000,000 persons, the communist
military control commission an
nounced Monday.
Of these 250,000 are industrial
workers, 650,000 are "paupers"
and the others are classified by
the communists as "land owners,
wealthy farmers and lawless ele
ments,' who fled to Shanghai
from the interior and are not em
ployed. Thus the city's unemployed
population numbers a sixth of the
city's population.
The commission said those with
homes elsewhere would be sent to
Those without homes are to be
sent to north Kiangsu and North
Annuel provinces to be settled on
new farm areas. Only the desti
tute are to have their transporta
tion paid.
The announcement said "all
public bodies and charitable or
ganizations are requested to co
operate with the government to
carry out the plan.
The communists, who appear to
think the nationalist blockade will
last indefinitely, say they hope
ultimately to move 3,000.000 per
sons o'lt of Shanghai to farm
areas to ease the burden caused
by the loss of sea commerce.
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Staff Chiefs Find
In Talks Overseas
The Joint chiefs of staff re-
turnad Tuesday, ready to give Con
gress the benefit of their 10-day
conferences in Europe with At
lantic pact nations military chiefs.
General Omar N. Bradley,
Army Chief of Staff; General
Hoyt S. Vandenberg, Air Force
Chief of Staff, and Admiral Louis
Denfeld, Chief of Naval Opera
tions, returned aboard President
Truman's plane. Tomorrow they
are to appear before the Senate
Armed Forces committee.
General Bradley described the
conferences as "a grand sta-t
toward organizing the unity and
collective security under the At
lantic pact.
Bradley said the three Chiefs
In making the trip had two objec
tives: To Inspect U.S. forces in
Germany and Austria, and to dis
cuss with the defense chiefs of
Atlantic pact nations possible or
gajjiratlon under the pact.
"We discussed several forms of
organization." Bradley said.. "But
we didn't try to arrive at any de
cision." Bradley said that the chiefs of
Ihe nations with whom they con
ferred "took our -coming over so
soon after passage of the Atlantic
pact as an Indication of our wil
lingness to make It work."
He added:
"We hope that these frank dis
cussions and exchanges of views
will help our respective govern
ments and will shorten confer
ences necessary to organize un
der the pact."
Deputy Sheriff Pillas Bennett
returned to Roselurg Monday
night from LaGraide where he
had gone to take Into custody
Edwin B. Moore, charged with
Moore was committed to the
county jail with bail set at $500
hy Justice of the Peace A. J.
Publisher To
Give Fine Home
For Monastery
CHARLESTON, S. C, Aug. 10.
UP) The showplace plantation
home of Time-Life magazine pub
lisher Henry R. Luce near here
is going to be converted into a
monastery for Catholic monks
who take vows of poverty.
Luce has conveyed most of his
Mepkin plantation in Berkeley
county near Moncks Corner to
the Catholic diocese of Charles
ton for a Trappist monastery.
The most Rev. Emmet M. Walsh.
Bjshop of Charleston, announced
the acquisition yesterrday.
Monks of the "Cistercian (Trap
pist) order from the Gethsemane.
Ky., monastery, are expected to
arrive at the plantation this win
ter to begin work on the develop
ment of the foundation.
Involved in the transaction was
S200.000, payable $40,000 a year
for five years.
Luce conveyed the Manor
House, three guest houses and
3.130 acres of the 7.200 acres
of the plantation to the diocese.
The Mepkin monastery will be
the third in the United States.
The others are at Gethsemane
and Conyera, Ga.
About a year ago Mrs. Luce, a
former congresswoman, gave
money to the Benedictine order
to help found the Reyina Laudls
ahhev at Rethiehem. Conn.
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