6 Th Newt-Review, Roieburg, Ore. Mon., June 27, 194f llffi FARM . and GARDEN NEWS f ! Oregon At Top Of States For Payouts On Farm Loans Over Decade Beginning In 1938 Oregon standi number one farm ownership loans made by during a 10-year period starting In 1938, Walter A. Duffy, Portland, state director, announced recently. Of 507 farm ownership loans made during the 10-year period endng In 1948, 259 families or 49 percent have paid out their real estate loans In full, 30 years ahead of schedule, the state director declares. For the period July 1, 1948, through February, 1949, about 43 percent of the $858,000 loaned in Oregon by the FHA went to vet erans to purchase or equip farms. Returned servicemen becoming established in agriculture account ed for two-fifths of the 500 Ore are coMtfitetef PUMP TANK FITTINGS DUIO Ktr wen sys tim UMPGUA VALLEY HARDWARE A home owntd and operated store . 202 N. Jackson phone 73 Vol. XI, No. 25. 1 We Willingly Lot Money. Our loss is your gain. This Isn't a fire sale. We are not over stocked, yet WE MUST SELL. We have a fine hay warehouse and It Is time to fill It up with the finest hay In years. And here we are with a carload of that good 8erval Stazdry Litter, and a poor time of year to sell litter. This litter has been selling at 2.65 per bale. While It lasts we will sell It at an even (2.00. Built-Up Litter. To save time, labor arid ex pense, the most modern practice Is "BUILT-UP LITTER. Saves time, because you can clean the house once a year. Saves labor because you need clean only once a year. (Same reason, sounds like.) Saves money, be cause you only need to put It on the floor once a year. (Say, we're getting in a rut, here. All the reasons are the same.) Best of all. for some reasons hard for science to explain, we Set better egg production, less Isease and better feed efficien cy on built-up litter than on lit ter that is changed every week, or every time It gets soiled. Many experiments have been run, and all have come to the same conclusions. "Built-up lit ter is superior to regular clean ing." WE LIKE IT BECAUSE IT SAVES US HARD WORK. It makes little difference what you use for your built-up litter. Many poultrymen use sawdust. It Is cheap, and works well. Quite a mess of folks use peat moss. It works well, but Is pret ty dusty in dry weather. Too much so. May cause some res piratory symptoms. All through the big poultry centers of the Midwest, SER VAL STAZDRY litter is used for building up. It seems to be the favorite. You are going to need litter next fall and winter. Why not take advanatga of our hard luok. Stook up with 8erval right nowl Our loss your gain. Whot Holds Feed Up? Like a prize fighter who Is out on his feet, the price of wheat still stands high. And it keeps everything else high. Saw a cartoon the other day. Did you tee It? Shows umpteen big fat politicians holding up a woozy guy (which was the price of wheat). The newest gag of the politi cians In supporting wheat prices is to loan money to wheat grow ers who have no granaries, and among the states for payouts of the Farmers Home administration gon farmers who were assisted during the eight months period, Four hundred and eighty-three operating loans and 13 water la cillty loans were made, Duffy states. Veterans receive preference for AIR VOLUME CONTROL When yon own a Duro Water System you have a complete water works ... everything that it takes to give you abundant water pressure at every fau cet. You will have plenty of water for fire protection, stock, garden and the priceless convenience of running water in your home. See the new Duro Water Systems today) Convenient Terms Uncle Hank Sayst A WORRIED MIND IS AH UNFIT MACHINt TOW CI EAR THINKING. who can't get storage space In a regular warehouse. It is quite simple. Pile the wheat on the ground In the stubble field, and Uncle $am will loan you money on It. II it spoils, Uncle Sam will stand the damage. If it gets sto len (we presume), the same will apply. Everybody, Including Uncle Jam knows there Is too much wheat. Too much corn, too. But If the price drops to where It bo longs, it might cause a further "lovellng-off," which is the word most commonly used Instead of "depression." If there Is too much wheat, then Uncle Jam figures that the more of It that spoils in the field, the less to depress prices. Logical, too. There Is too mucli wheat bo cause wheat growers have been "supported" at a level that en courages high production. When we raised wheat, we made money at 60c a bushel. Times have changed, but not so much that big money can't he made at much less than the JlMKi and over which Uncle is guarantee ing. Mnybc we are In the wrong game! Anyway, feed will stay high as long as wheat stnvs up In a bal loon. The only thing we can guarantee you Is that UMPQUA FEEDS of all kinds will still he lowest In price, quality consid ered, and highest In quality re gardless of price. What we need most program. is a "Lend-Least" Most housewives find the best cleaning aid It the old man on hit day off. Formula Given For Removal Of Cherry Stains Here's how to remove that pesky fresh cherry stain from vour shirt front. Do not wait until you've had your fill of cherries, but get at the business oi stain removal im mediately, Miss Lucy Lane, O. S. C. extension clothing and textiles specialist, implores. Dry cherry stains are much more dif- licult to remove man iresn ones. First action on either white or colored cotton, wool or silk is to sponge the fresh stain with cool water, men worn glycerine or a soapless shampoo into the stain. After letting the garment stand for several hours, apply a few drops of vinegar. Let it stand for a minute or two oeiore rinsing thoroughly in water. If some of the stain still lingers, Miss Lane suggests sponging it with 20 V peroxide. Ana, sne adds, this is not the medical va riety. As an aaaea precaution, before using the peroxide which has a bleaching action, try It on an inconspicuous Inside garment seam to make sure the color is fast, the clothing specialist adds. Follow the peroxide with a thorough cold water rinse. Twenty V peroxide is not harm ful to silks, wools, rayons or ny lons If it is rinsed out of the gar ment immediately followlnguse with cold water, Miss Lane 'con cludes. all types of loans available through the Farmers Home Ad ministration. Supervised credit, the state director emphasizes. Is well suited to meet needs of young couples with limited capital and experience who wish to get estab lished in farming. Only farmers who are unable to secure credit at reasonable rates from other sources are eligible to secure supervised credit from the Farmers Home Administration, It is pointed out. , Duffy slates that the Insured mortgage program put into effect in 1947 has made it possible for banks, Insurance companies and individuals to cooperate with the government in a program of de veloping and Improving local com munities. Loans made through the Insured mortgage plan are serv iced by FHA fieldmen and repay ments to the lender guaranteed by the government. Ninety thousand dollars was loaned to Oregon farmers whose property was damaged or destroy ed by the 1948 Columbia River flood, Duffy concludes. June 27, 1949. Compare Prices. Competition Is getting keener In every line. But we get a price list occasionally showing the range of prices for feeds in other places where they don't apparently have to compete with the Douglas County Flour Mill. Some of these price lists make us wonder if we are quite all there. We have seen them so much higher than UMPQUA FEED prices that even when 5 to 10 rebate is figured, UMP QUA prices are still sharply lower. If you are buying your feed from the Flour Mill, you don't need to look. But If you aren't, It will probably be a good idea to do a little comparing. After all, turkeys may not be such a big price, and many other items may come down, even if wheat stays up. Doc: Your husband must have perfect quiet. Here is a sleeping pill. Wife: When shall I give It to him? Doc: You don't. You take It yourself. Walter: This coffee came all the way from Brazil! Customer: You don't sayl Why it's still lukewarm! Dry Pastures. When pastures dry up It means you will have to make some little changes to keep things moving proper. For In stance, Old Bossy can't give as mucn milk, as much butterfat. nor give It as willingly on dry grass as on lush pastures. you can Keep a contented cow with a good bait of UMPQUA MILKMAKER. Another thing that will nay Is to present the turkey flock with a little succulence. If you don't have corn fields or Irrigat ed legumes why not give the turx a feed of alfalfa and mo lasses every day. They relish It greatly. It Is rich In vitamins, gives them a little hulk and Is reasonable In price, Many folks are giving the tame thing to cows also. And let in remind vou again -all UMPQUA FEEDS (and we have a feed for everything), are sold on a money-back guarantee of complete satisfaction. No wonder so many Douglas Coun ty people buv their feed at the Douglas Flour Mill. f iti a I I KM YOUR FATHER WENT TaLTBSi! Y IM All MV ir VOUR FATHER WENT lljXjc?3f. WBk f jlN ALL MY '11 DOWK) TO LICK that W&2 OCEEEEMe J BUNCH AND LOOK W5S1 liks' T. M. SEO.'U. . PAT. OFF. COPR. 19 J BY NE SERVICE, INC. OUT OUR WAY Ample Food Calls Farmers, Federal "We can't have more people eating more food if a third of the farmers go broke every few years. We live better when farmers are producing abundantly. And farm ers produce abundantly .when their land and prices are protect ed from depletion and depres sion." Addressing the elected farmer Agricultural Conservation Com mitteemen in Georgia recently, Alvln V. McCormack, conserva tion branch director of the Pre duct Ion and Marketing adminis tration, emphasized the close re lationship between how well farm. eis are able to farm and how well people are able to eat. He pointed out that the Agricul tural Conservation Program is not limited to soil and water conser vation alone but to conservation of the farmer as well as the farm. "Our problem Is one of produc ing enough food and fiber for the 484 million people in this country ana wnat we can export ana to keep on doing It. To produce enough now and at the same time PAINT SALE "Dutch" Brand Paint Outside White gal. 3.40 GILKEY'S 523 N. Jackson THt son comot or UP-TO-THC.MNUTI "CUy lyp" WATI StVKI MIPS,:, FOR DltP km SHALLOW WILLS HAL DOMESTIC WATER SERVICE IRRIGATION AND FARM USE INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS SINGLE AND MULTI-STAGE DEEP AND SHALLOW WELL JET-TYPE PUMPS AND WATER SYSTEMS FOR EVERY KIND OF WATER PROBLEM Easy Budget Terms Distributed By W. M. SANDALL CO. Hiwoy 99 North BORN THIRTY VEm For Prosperous Official States take care of our land so that It will produce enough when there are 170 or 180 million people In this country." And he added: "Under the con servation phase of ACP, the coun try cooperates with farmers and shares the cost of carrying out conservation practloes which maintain and Improve the produc tivity of the land. Under the price support phase of the farm pro gram, the country shares with the farmer the risk of abundance. The price supports give the farmer the assurance that he won't go broke producing too much and al lotments ana marKeting quotas protect the country against sup porting the price on too much." "The whole program work out to a better living for people not just the farmers but for the peo ple In town. It means more food and more other farm commodities for the people." It Is when farm prices get out of balance with non-farm prices way below parity that the land goes to pieces, he pointed out Phone 1117-R 1 .-17 CT1?WH.Liam5 i'OO SOOM By J. R. Williams Ruinous Worm Feasting On Bumper Cherry Crop THE DALLES, June 27. OB An Oregon State College experi ment station entomologist, Sid Jones, was called here to find out what kind of worm is ruining the bumper cherry crop. Growers reported a serious larva infestation in some orch ards It was discovered late; the 30,000-ton record crop is already 70 per cent harvested. One grower was notified that 27 tons of fruit he had sent a proc essor would all be useless. It was partly infested; and processors said the larva it so hard to de tect that sorting out bad from good cherries would be prohibi tive In cost. The worm, which appears seri ous in some orchards but non existent in others, may possibly be the mlneola moth larva. Grow ers, however, were not sure. Spruce Budworm War To Continue During 1950 PORTLAND, June 27. JP The spruce budworm will be fought in Oregon again next year. Foresters and timber owners said here that a survey has been started to learn effectiveness of the poison sprayed over 272,000 acres of forest in the ML Hood and Eugene areas this year. Early indications are of a heavy kill about 98 per cent in the Eu gene area and 95 per cent in the Mt. Hood region, entomoligtsts reported. After the survey, foresters and timbermen will meet in August to lay definite plans for the 1950 campaign. : PEA CROP INJURED CAN BY, June 27. UP) The pea crop from the Canby area this season was estimated today at little more than half of last year's crop. Late spring frosti and the dry weather following were blamed. Both quality and quantity were down, processors said. Then farmers haven't the money to buy fertilizers, even with gov ernment assistance. Best retultt come, from using Swift't Sow and Pig Meal. We carry a full line of Swlft'i Poultry and Dairy Feeds. Roseburg Grange Supply 221 Spruce Phone 174 Autumn Harvest Planting Should Be The best harvest from the vege table garden comet in the fall, when the days are short and the nights cool. Then some subjects difficult to grow well In the spring become easy; and with all vcgetaDies the harvest is pro longed. This is because none of the plants is in a hurry to make seeds. In the spring all the an- Latest Data On Peaches Offered Peach varieties that do not turn brown and are otherwise suited for freezing are pointed out in a new Oregon State College ex tension circular, number 532, en titled "Peach Varieties for Ore gon," which is now ready for release through the local county extension agent's office or by writing directly to O. S. C. ine circular autnor, yuentin a. Zielinski, O. S. C. experiment sta tion horticulturist, has included more than 100 peach varieties in the seven page mimeograph. In formation contained in the circu lar is intended to answer' fre quently asked questions regarding fruit and ripening characteristics of standard and more recent peach variety introductions. As well as giving variety names. the circular Indicates ripening dates for each variety In compari son with the common Elberta va riety. Other Information includes fleshing 'color, stone adherence, whether or not the peach has been tested at O. S. C. and variety place of origin. 29 Attend Grass, Forage Meet At Glendale Grange Twenty-nine local farmers and livestock men were present at the grass and forage meeting held at the Azalea Grange Hall June 8. County Agent J. Roland Parker was present and took the men on an inspection of the grass nurs ery in the field next to the Grange Hall and gave short talks on each of the grasses and legumes. Afterward, a discussion of the conservation program took place wun ie uunwooaie irom tne state office giving a few pointers. The farmers were told they can get lime loaded on their trucks at the plant on Roberts Mountain Road for $4 per ton. The grass nursery was started last fall by Parker In cooperation with the Grange and consists of 13 varieties of grasses and le gumes and shows the effects of four kinds of commercial fertili zers. Everyone is invited to In spect the nursery at any time. Agriculture-Industry Cooperation Is Needed CORVALLIS, June 27. (m Dean W. A. Schoenfeld, director of agriculture at Oregon State College, declares agriculture and Industry must learn how to live together In the Northwest. He told 150 nurserymen here for their annual conference that the rapid Industrialization of the region Is something farmers of Oregon and Washington have to face. Don't Take a Chance fay... Minniapoiis Mouni Of M if BUY WHERE YOU SHARE IN THE SAVINGS , DOUGLAS COUNTY Farm Bureau Co-Operative Exchange ROSEBURG, OREGON ' Phone 98 Located W. Washington St. ond S. P. R, R. Track Best Of Year; Accordingly nual vegetables, those which com plete their life cycle in one sea son; are seemingly Intent upon seed production, and in the case of the leaf and root crops, when seed bearing begins, quality is so impaired that the harvest ends. Conspicuous examples of this are cauliflower and Chinese cab bage. The first can seldom be ma tured by the amateur in spring, and the second is difficult. But both can be grown with ease in the fall, and should be. Brussels sprouts and kale are at their best in the fall. Endive not only grows well in cold weather, but its flavor is greatly Improved by frost. Spinach, which bolts to seed with the first warm days of summer, no longer shows this tendency when grown in the fall, but gives a long harvest of H top quality. Root Crops Also at Best Root crops also like the fall weather, but to enjoy the highest quality summer sowings should be made so that new crops of beets, carrots and turnips will reach maturity In the early fall. This Is an excellent time to have the canning and freezing crops available. While old plantings of both beets and carrots will retain fair table quality until freezing weather comes, they should never be used for freezing or canning. and younger plants will also be more welcome on the fall menu. Eor green onions. In the fall, onion sets will rarely be available, since last year's crop cannot be kept dormant in hot weather, and the new crop is not sufficiently cured to start growing again wlthr out a winter's rest. The only way to Insure fall green onions is to sow onion used six to eight weeks before the crop is edsired. Cool Days Aid Slow growing vegetables, which need only to be sown once in or der to give an all season harvest, enjoy the cool days and more plentiful rainfall of autumn as much as the early types. Swiss chard should be kept young by cutting off all leaves more than 10 inches long, and en couraging new growth, which will be more tender. New Zealand spinach can be harvested until freezing weather. Parsnips reach top quality after the first hard frosts, though many consider them excellent when half grown, and use them all summer. Pep pers and egg plant produce abun dantly In the fall,' and the late maturing tomatoes and sweet corn combine top quality with the heaviest yield of the season. Truly, the autumn harvest Is the finest of the year! OIL TO BURN For prompt courteous meter ed deliveries of high quality itove and burner oil ' CALL 152 MYERS OIL CO. Distributor! of Hancock Petroleum Products Per . Douglas County BIST COMBINATION QUALITY MATIRIAL AN! WORKMANSHIP The enly parts bargains en thoie that have reputation for quality end .reliability. MM parts aro mad to high standards For bait performance ana' wearing qualMer. Bo sera to too your MM dealer tee portt that win five yov maximum torvlio-ropatr work that will save you time and money.