The evening news. (Roseburg, Douglas County, Or.) 1909-1920, December 24, 1918, Page 1, Image 1

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    THE WEATHER.
Tonight and Wednesday, Fairs
Oontfnnnri fv.M
Pull for a' bigger, better
ana more prosperous
Roseburg ana Douglas
Hlrrhent tam
(Jounty.
Lowest temp, last night.""" 82
The Only Paper in Roseburg Carrying Associated Press Dispatches
VOL. IX.
ROSEBUIIG, DOUGLAS COUNTY, OREGON .TUESDAY, DEtTCMHER SM, 1018
NO. 804
n r.
IS
ENTIRELY PUT OUT
Officers and Enlisted Men Will
Revert to Civil Status
When Discharged.
TO DINE WITH TROOPS
President Arranges to Visit tlio Sol
diers and to Address Them Dur
ing Christmas Festivities- '
To Be in England Dec SO. .
(The 'Associated PreBS.) ' '!'
WASHINGTON, Dec. 24. The
opinion of the judge advocate gener
al's office, approved by the secretary
of. war, which was made public today,
holds that the officers and enlisted
men of the national guard will revert
to civilian Btatus, when they are dis
charged from the federal service. The
effect of this ruling is to entirely
wipe the national guard out of ox
istance as it stood prior to the war.
General March asked for an opinion
as to the statUB of . the guardsmen
when discharged, which brought
WILL DINE WITH SOLDIERS.
PARIS, Dec. 24. President Wil
son leaves Paris today and does not
expect to return until New Years day.
He Insisted on taking Christmas din
ner with the troops and eating from
the mess kit with the soldiers around
him. The president will have n for
mal dinner with General Pershing
later in the day..', .While visiting the
troops the president will fid dross the
men, having prepared his address for
tne occasion. Late tomorrow he will
start for London. He will be accom
panied by Mrs. Wilson. The presi
dent and wire spent a fow hours
among the Paris Bhoips today, making
Christmas purchases.
MAJOR RHODES IMPROVING.
PARIS, Dec. 24. The condition of
Major General Chos. H. Rhodes, in
jured in an aerplane accident at
Louvres, yesterday, is -greatly Im
proved today.
MAY MEAN NEW GOVERNMENT.
COPENHAGEN, Dec. 24. lgnnce
-J. Paderewskl, the famous Polish pla
nus, prominent in rehablllatlon work,
arnvea nere aooara a British cruiser
today. It is believed that his mission
is to found a new Polish gevornment
under entente power auspleces.
BOLSHEVIK! GAINING.
STOCKHOLM, Dec. 24. The Bol
shevikl army is making considerable
(progress with the penetration of Es
thonlan territory, . where -they have
taken Dorpat. The Bolshevik! have
also forced! the Esthontans back on
the Wesenberg front, northwest of
Lake Peipus. The Germans are con
tinuing to fall back on Riga.
Y.M.C.A. HIGH PIES
(By Associated Press.)
NEW YORK, Dec. 24 Widespread
complaints made by homecoming sol
diers of exhorbitant charges for serv
ice in the Y. M. C. A. canteens over
seas have reached the government,
and will be referred to tho war de
partment for investigation.
AS TROOPS WITHDRAW
CAMP CODY, N. M., Doc. 24.
Troops are leaving here for their
homes at the -rate of 500 a day.
Wrecking crews are demolishing the
temporary buildings as fast as they
are vacated by the soldiers and a
section of the barracks is being
wrecked daily. Captain H. J. Cook.
of the quartermaster's corps has a
force of 600 soldiers and 25 civilians
at work destroying the big canton-
ment here. Only the mess hallB,
latrines, bath houses and other build.
ings that are necessary for the dally
life ot the men, are being lert to the
last. All others are wrecked and
even those which are left standing
are left standing and stripped of the
doors, windows, hardware and fix
tures. Even the $500,000 septic tank
sewer system is being wrecked. The
materials. are being salvaged from
this system and will be available for
use at some future time. Tnree tanas
having a capacity of 200,000 gallons
each have been wrecked, although
they were never used, having Just
been erected. All hospital and re
mount buildings are being left In
tact for the present.
Many farewell receptions, dinners
and parties are being given by the
officers and enlisted men before they
l .... .U.M. A. a tinnniul an.1i m.
ceptlon given by the headquarter's
trains, the provost guards and mili
tary police General James R. Lind
say made a farewell address to the
men of his command In these units,
telling them that he had arranged
to have all of thein registered and
assigned to some regiment or unit
in order that they might not be car
ried on the war department records
as "unassigned". He also gave a
fatherly talk to the men telling them
not to forget what the salute meant
and always to conduct themselves as
good soldiers should. He Bald uni
versal military training waB sure to
come and they would be in a position
to explain the merits of the plan
since they had experienced a modi
fied form of that Bystem.
is UP
STREET
HC IN
CHICAGO, Dec. 24. There Is a
heavy snow fall here, accompanied by
high winds. Practically all street car
traffic has come to a standstill.
SHE AND SNOW HI
KANSAS CI
Y PEOPLE
KANSAS CITY, Dec. 24. Eleven
Inches of snow block the streots.here.
and adding to tho difficulties oi
transportation, a street car strike is
on. .
SPEAKER CLARK WILL
BE
(By Associated Press.)
WASHINGTON, Dec. 24. Friends
of Speaker Champ Clark today alleg
ed that the Missourian would be n
democratic candidate for the presi
dency In 1920. Clark refuses -.to
make an announcement, but it is un
derstood that Win, J. Bryan will sup
port the speaker's candidacy.
EXCESS WEALTH IS
TAKEN BY FOOTPAD
(By Associated Press.)
i -PORTLAND; Dec. 24'. SI. S. Rich,
a wen known cigar- m ere n ant, -was
held up on his way home at an early
hour this morning and robbed of
$600.- ! -
HINDY HOLtDS JOB.
BASEL., Dec. 24. The Berlin Lo-kal-Anzelger
says that An agreement
has been reached between the Berlin
Government and the. German general
staff, iby which. Field Marshal von
Hindenburg and General Groener,
chief quartermaster general, will re
tain their offices with the new re
gime. CLAUD THOMPSON
HOI
L. T. Thompson is in receipt of a
postal card from his son, Claude,
dated at Buffalo, N. Y., saying that
he has arrived safely from oversoas
service, and will leave at once for
Camp Kearney, California.
The young soldlor reached New
York from Europe on Dec. 11, just
a month after tho armistice was sign
ed, and is mighty glad to get back
to Cod's country once more.. The
News believes that Claude will be
still happier, when he alights once
again on Umpqua Valley soil, and his
may friends are anxiously awniting
his return as well.
HIGH SCHOOL PLAYER
BADLY CUT BY GLASS
Following the basket ball game at
the High School gymnasium last ev
ening Phyllis Singleton, the- 14-year-old
son of Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Sin
gleton, was severely cut by falling
partly through a glass door leading
to the shower bath and dressing
rooms. After the game, clad In his
gymnasium suit, the lad started on
a run for the shower bath, the door
with a class nanol being partly open
Thinking the door open, yong Single
ton dashed headlong against tne
glass, discovering that the door was
only partly open Just In the nick of
time to throw up his arm to protect
his face, and received several ugly
cuts on the left shoulder and a wick
ed V shapped wound In the wrist,
Just missing the big artery there.
LOne small artery in the arm was cut,
r ... . , . li t i
resulting in greui luoe vi uiuuu ue-
fore a surgeon could reach the scene.
Dr. Lehrbach was hastily summoned
and within a few minutes arrived at
the high school, wehere the adminis
tered first aid. and the youngster was
then removed) to tho hospital, the
wounds being treated and dressed
Several stitches were necessary to
close up some of the cuts. This
morning Phyllis is resting easily,
though somewhat week from his ex
perience, and it Is believed he will
rapidly recover.
T!
E
Imperative Necessity That Em
ployment be Supplied
Soldiers at Once.
GOVERNMENT IS ALERT
Lectures Given at Cantonments where
Troops are Undergoing Demobl-
lization CiviUnn Aid is So
licited to Attain Goal.
Major John B. Hibbard' wasa visi
tor in Roseburg today for a few hours
and during his brief stay, put the
machinery into motion whereby dis
charged soldiers would be given a
prompt opportunity to secure em
ployment. The gentlemen met for
a few moments with a number of re
presentative business men before the
noon hour and in a concise and promt
manner put the plans as outlined by
the government before these citizens
and asked that a quick response to
the appeal bo made. At this sug
gestion a committee will be formed
in this city to work in conjunction
with others to be named later thru
out the county and ways and means
will be devised to put before the
proper authorities at Cam-p Lowls
every available position open in this
county for those men, who are dis
charged from further service with the
government. This is a very import
ant matter and one that requires im
mediate attention from our citizens
and there should be no delay in gett
ing action taken on the matter -at
once. - Thousands of men are being
mustered out of the service daily and I
it is just andi proper that every loyal 1
citizen show an lntorest in their wel-l
-are. They must not be allowed toj
irift from one community to nnotner
without some deflnlte point in view
and it is toward this end that an or
ganization must be perfected here at
once to -cope with -the situation.
A large number of men will bo dis
charged! from Camp Lewis -within the
next few months. Large numbers
will also be discharged from other
western posts and cantonments. ' A
great majority of these men -come
from western states and will te seek
ing employment in them. '
Three questions confront 'the dis
charged soldier. What is there to do
In the world? : What part of it am I
best fitted to do? Where can I find
the place, to do my part? These
three questions the vocational depart
ment of the government is endeavor
ing to assist the ooldler to answer
indi thereby hope to materially lessen
in the territory contributing to this
cantonment the time of industrial
unrest during which the work and
the man will be juggled about in the
?erlod of readjustment.
The plan of action has been divid
ed Into three phases suEested by the
foregoing questions. To care for the
.1rst phase a number of the most
prominent educators and business
nen in the northwest are giving.a
series of talks to the entire com
mand, approximately 30,000 men, ex
ilatnlng generally the voo-.tional
Held in our section of the country
ind the general location and requlre
nents of particular lines ""of occupa
tion, and attendance at these lect
ures is compulsory.'
For the second phase these men
ire distributed during the evonlng
imdng the welfare buildings of the
antonment and the regimental as
enibly halls, and talk over with ln
lividuals the personal problems con
rontlng them. It has been found
hat the men are Intensely interested
nd seek advice earnestly, but the
lifficulty so far has been to get a
I'.fficlent number of qualified advis
irs with t hom they can confer. -
The last prDblem, md one for lm
nedlate ai ' cn lon, Is to see that there
s collected in the state to which the
iischnrged soldiers are going, and
ent to the School of Arms here in
'.Ime to be of use, the clasifled in
nrmation of the vocational opportun
ties alien in that stato to discharged
oldlcrs. Quick organization and
.-.peed are the two essentials at this
uomcnt and Roseburg Is asked to
vake up to this fact at once. .
Proper publicity is very esential so
he comunlty may realize what Is re
quired and that a centralized! effort
being mado under military direct
ion. A card Index of the data will
"o kept at the Divisional School of
Arms, Indexed both by vocation and
locality. This Information will be
riven the men at tho cantonment
through men located In the evonlng
-t the welfare buildings and assem
bly halls, and one office will be main
tained at the mustering ofrice. The
men will not be given cards or let
ters to any employer, nor sent to any
particular position. The school will
not operate an employment agency,
but the function of the organization
will be to give the soldier all the
inlonnatlon and leave tho rest to the
soldier.
DISTRRSHIXO AOCIIUCXT.
A distressing accident occurred on
Jackson street some time during last
night, 'hut owing to the fact no one
was present to witness the affMr, de
tails are lacking today, to clear up
the mystery. Some Individual while
wandering down the street with a
bottle of "Christmas Joy water", more
familiarly known as "Hornbrook's
Best", let the elusive liquid slip from
under. his arm. It fell upon theipave
ment with a dead, sickening thud,
with the result that the amber fluid
trickled off toward) the sower, full
evidence of the transaction being
remnantB of the wrapper and the
broken bottle. The loss fails heavily
upon the owner, when refreshments
of this nature, at the present market
price of from $6 to $10 per quart,
Is lost just on the eve ot Christmas,
but he'll probably feel 'better the
"morning after' .
PEAK
EXPRESS GRATITUDfc
In appreciation ot his many acts
of kindness and to show- the high
esteem in which a fellow citizen is
heldi, fifty friends of Harry Pearce,
the local harness uenlor. gathered at
the home of Roscoe Green this after
noon, put Harry "on the mat" and
presented him with a beautiful and
expensive gold watch. Mayor Stew
art wob present and in the following
well chosen remarks directed at the
recipient of the gift made the pres
entation speech, after which : the
many friends of Mr. Pearco took the
opportunity to express their best
wishes and hopo of his. continued
prosperity for many years and faith
fulness to hlB legion of friends:
"Harry Pearce, you have been in
vited here that we may. tell you of
the high esteem we hold your friend
ship and of that acquaintanceship
which has been a joy to us.
Now, Harry, permit me to say of
you if a kindlier heart or truer friend
has ever lived in Roseburg, that
heart and that friend has gone un
discovered. Optimistic, lovaolo, gen
erous hearted Harry.
we can truthfully say that alinoBt
everyone in roseburg knows 'Harry,'
and whnt is more Important, they are
all glad to know you, for your acts
of kindnesB that come from deep
down in your heart are enacted with
out the slightest thought of self or
praise.
"Your life has been one for those
who love you, .
For those who know you're true,.
For the right that needs assistance,
For the wrong that needs resistance,
For the future in the distance, -And
the good that you can do.
i ,- ,
".Some put forth alLendeanar for a
" glorious name,
While others seek great wealth, to
" serve their ends,
But you have more riches or undying
fame,
For think man, you have friends and
friends."
"As a further token of our friend
ship, we present you this watch, com
ing from those who know your worth.
"May the century plant -bo your
flower
And the undertaker your enemy."
Dumfounded 'by the expressions of
good fellowship and the priceless gift
Mr. Pearce was at a loss to expresB
his feelings, and with that Texas
gesture, from which state Mr. Pearce
comes, gave evidence to hlB joyful
friends when he remarked, "If I had
my six-shooter, I'd) 'Bhoot up' the
whole d m bunch," that he was
speaking In dead earnest.
Engraved on the ease Is the In
scription:. "Presented) to Harry
Pearce by his many friends, Dec, 25,
1918." . . ,. ,
ON CHRISTMAS DAY
Delivery of parcels will be made
rrom the Roseburg post office Christ
mas day to all residence districts of
the city, which ordinarily receive
mail on the city delivery system.
Letters and newspapers will nat be,
included In this delivery, but these
may be obtained at the post office
during the hour between 9 and 10
o'clock a. m., at which time both city
carrier and general delivery windowB
will be open.
No parcels will be delivered! to
business houses or outside of the
office to persons receiving mail from
lock boxes except on request, and
such requests the post office will be
glad to comply with. .
11
SACRAMENTO, CAL., Dec. 23.-
The heavy droning of an airplane
propeller sounded overhead. Mother,
father and the adult caller ran out
on the lawn to see the flyer. In the
meantime small Willam and Franklin,
aged respectively 7 and 6, paid not
the slightest attention, nut continueu
nlavinenwith their blocks.
"What's the matter with those
youngsters, of yours" asked tne cal
ler, 'don i tney tane any interest in
airplanes?'
' "Woula you run outdoors because
an automoDlle was passing by?" ask
cd the father. "Those kids have
seen airplanes all their lives."
E WILL
FORGET THE YANKS
The Famed Prussian Guard
Gets Lasting Impressions
In First Fight.
STORIES OF THE BATTLE
Machine (Jim Nests Held No Fears for
for the American Soldiers The
Boys Get a It of "Mov
ing Target" Practice.
(From the Stars and Stripes.)
When the last Job in Flanders was
given one American division just tc
capture Audenarde and vicinity and,
later, three kilometers of Spltaals
boBschen (a wood, that's all), they
romped Into the thing with a shrug
of the Bhouldders and the air of
doing a Betting-up exercise. And
they refuse to talk about it. -
They refer you instead to the Ar
goune.' Their record there is known.
Green from training , camps,' never
having heard the screech of a shell,
they fought through forest under
growth thick with machine guns and
held by the Kaiser's best through
seven kllometors of it in ono day.
That night the First Prussian Guard,
drawing off with a dull headache, had
the hazy impresBion that America's
greatest metropolis was not New
York, ns has been supposed, but a
certain Powder River.
For that was tho Yank's war cry
"Powder River!" And as they went
up and over, they added with a
whoop, "Let 'er buck!" The insinu
ation that this slogan was invented
by a real ostate man iB -untrue. It
was the chance answer of a Bmall boy
at tho head) of the column when he
was asked what place the division
had reached on a training hike. From
that evening, through America, to
France, to Belgium, the members of
this outfit told tho folks back home
they were stationed at "Powder Ri
ver." One w.rt.y of puttlng.it ovor on
the-censor. ... . . .
"Mil Wide and an Inch Deep." '
"Powder River: a mile wide and
an Inch deep," means. .the 9 1st Divi
sion.' Its membersD come from Ca-,
llfornin, Oregon, Washington, Neva-'
da, Idaho, .Montana and then add
California again, because half are
from that one State. . .
Spitaalbsosschen is a- section of
countryside with scattered groves,
patches of farms,- and a sprinkling of
squatty farm 'buildings. It was held
by machine gun nests cleverly placed.
These, the Yanks discovered, were to
be found generally in threo locations':
at ci-OBsroads, behind hay stacks, and
In house roofs.- Often the guns were
so close togethor that, In flanking
one, the Yanks would run Into a
neighboring nest not noticed) before.
The-Bochq had planned well. - His
hay stack fortress consists ot a seml
clrclar trench behind and partly un
der the stack' in which the several
occupants could move to the flanks to
observe and retire to the center to
man tho gun in the middle of the
stack Itself. The Btraw afforded good
protection.
. The house roof position was hold
ns a rule by merely one Boldler, Bome
times a boy, while ruiothor would be
on the lookout to give directions.
The gun waB anchored, alined at a set
vantage point, its nose. In position
where one tile had. been removed
from the roof. These posts were al
most; ImpoBBible of detection.
Throe Kllometors of INcsts. .
Nevertheless, it took - the Yanks
only one day to mop up three kilo
meters' worth of these nests, and in
the doing of ft they had inflicted
casualties heavier than they suffered.
It is a story of individual Initiat
ive backed up by good co-ordination.
Private Thomas Hall, an intelligence
man, with a comrade, for example,
captured 13 men and two guns, being
under shell fire most of the time.
Another private, named Klclthock
good name for a Soldier fighting in
Belgium detailed with two men,
captured eight, a lieutenant, and im
portant papers.
The Yanks bad foi.nd themselves
In a sunken road when they noticed
this enemy squad marching In their
direction on another parallel roadi.
They con Id see tho iron hnts moving
along the skyline. Increasing their
pace, they reached the cross roads
first.
"Then we Just jumped out with our
-bayonets." says Klelthoek.
Then there is tho story of the M.
P. corporal who was among the flrat
of the Infantrymen to enter Audon-
rade, and who whiles awny tho time
by taking pot shots at German ma
chine gunners with a rifle which he
"just happenod to pick up some
where.
And there Is the Incident of the
160 members of a balloon company
who, having no duties of their own
for 30 hours, became stretcher bear
ers. And a truck driver, Krtdle Heck-
Inger (who, by the wny, ueed to play
baseball for Memphis), happening to
see a Boche plane light in a field near
him, overtook the visitor in his old
time three-base sprinting form and
made two German offlftcers prisoners.
LtA of Target Practice.
Everyone, it seems, got as much
moving target practice on the side as
posible.' Sergeant Fox of a headquar
ters company 1b one of the most
famous of the snipe shooters at ma
chine gunners. His lire was so rnpkl
and so effective on one occasion in
the Argonnes that the Germans be
gan to see double and honored, him
with a private barrage. So far there
Is no other record of such a distinc
tion for one man. -, .t
Privates Burro and Vavasls of the
Intelligence section also gained fame
when they got away with the wholo
crew of a 77, picking them off one
oy one.
This sort of wild game stalking
was tne steaay recreation of the En
gineer, Captain Leavell. Once, how
ever, the gamo proved larger than he
had expected. While on rdionnols-
tauce duty, carylng his rifle as was
his habit, he noticed a machine gun
nest. He had taken two shots and
was just at the trigeer squeeze period
of the third, when there was a ter
rific screech overhead.
A. branch and an armful of leaves,
cllpqedi oft his protecting tree, fell
over him. Turning, he saw that
from a range of some 700 -yards a
77 had opened fire on him. He could
Bee the crew moving about in a small
woods.
Forsaking his snipe shooting he
turned his attention to this blirger
gamo. They let him have another
and then another. . A rifle against a
cannon. But the duel was a bit un
fair; and after ten minutes of It the
captain deoided to withdraw, i
Late one night Major Stanley Ber
ry, once of football fame, now of tho
Medical Corps, came back to head
quarters. His fellow officers looked
at him in surprise, for he was covered'
with dirt and mud. His tin. hat,
sagging over one enr, would never
Have passed one ot his own Inspec
tions.. Medical majors do not goner
any look like that. - m .
'Yes, rather soiled," he admitted
apologetically. "You Bee 30 buck
privates and I have been buildinK a
bridge,"
POPULAR COUPLE WED
HERE THIS AFTERNOON
Rev. C. HHIlton of the Christian
Church performed another Qhristmas
wedding today promptly at 1 o'clock,
when he united In marriage Mr. Ru
dolph Kolier and Miss Mabel House
holder. The wedding took place at
the home of Mrs. F. J. Woodward on
South Pine Street. The bride was
dressed in a traveling gown, so that
they coiild Immediately take the
train north for their honeymoon trip.
These young people are both well
known to '. RoBeburg ipeoplo. ' MiSH
Householder being a pianist at tho
theatre, andi Mr. Kolier a well known
electrician. The home was beauti
fully decorated on the Christmas plan
and tho young folks had the ceremo
ny performed While they stood in
front of a ChrlBtmaa tree. There
were a number of relatives and also
friends present, and a bountiful din
ner was served. A great many beau
tiful and useful presents were receiv
ed, and amidst many congratulations
the young folks started on their jour
ney together.
UEUT. HOGLAND VERY-
Wm. Bell, observer at the local IT.
9. weather bureau, today received) a
letter from Lieutenant A. F. Hogland,
the aviator who recently visited Rose
burg during his flight from Sacra
mento to Seattle and return, thank
ing Mr. Boll for some iphotos that
were taken of the officer and his
machine at tho rifle rango, whore the
airplane landed. Mr. Bell sent copIeB
of the photos to the lieutenant, who
was so pleased with them that he
writes tiero, asking If other coplos
of the nogatlves might be made.
Strange, as It may seem, the nega
tives made by Mr. Bell appear to bo
the only ones or the aoropiane ana
Lieutenant HoKlund made during his
stop here. It had been hope by
very many that several different pic
tures of the machine while it was de
monstrating and after It rested at the
rifle range might be taken, since it
was the first aircraft ever seen In a
flight here. .
CHINESE CITIZEN
KILLED IN ACTION
POCATKLLO. IDAHO, Dec. 23.
LSam Soo' Hoo, who bore the distinc
tion of Doing the only immoso irom
the state of Idaho to join the Ame
rican forces, is dead from wounds
received In action, according to word
received here by a cousin, Chin Bay,
of this city. Sam Soo Hoo Is tnought
to be tho flrBt Chinese from the
Northwest to make the supreme sac
rifice. Sam 8oo Hoo volunteered in July,
1917 and left for Camp uewls with
a continKent of Bannock. Idaho,
draftees. His fathor Is said to bo
a resident ot Portland, Oregon.
John Bacon and wife were in the
city yesterday from tholr home on
the lower Umipqua.
MONTANA GOESINTO
DRYCOLUMN DEC. 31
Five Thousand Barkeepers Will
Seek Other Employment '
First of New Year.
BREWERIES BE UTILIZED
Reform Wave Compels Booze Dispcn
,J saries to Engaged In legitimate
Industry Ice Factories and
.' : Evaporators Involved.. -
i HELENA, Montana? Deo. 24. The
state-wide prohibition goes into effect
in Montana at midnight of December
31, this year. . With the passing of
the saloon, there will disappear one
of the (picturesque institutions of the
West. At one time the saloon was
an important feature la the social
life of the hardy pioneers of tho
Treasure state. . , , .
In the early days, when men were;
blazing the western trails, the saloon -followed
them, and aB a rule, was
among the Srst to set up and trans
act business in the community.. With
a canvas for the top and a board
bridging two -boxes for a bar, hos
pitality at so much a drink was dis
pensed to the argonautB.
As committees prospered the ow- -ner
of the saloon or "half way house"
waxed prosperous in proportion. The
barkeeper's was a strenuous lite, for
those who sought the oheer he dis
pensed Included miners, cowboys, In
dian fighters, cattlemen, sheepmen,
the renegade and the ne'er do well.
Revolvers more often than not, were
the arblterB of disputes. The bar
keepers armament lay on the bar
within handy reach and in full sight
of the' perhaps too ebullient customer
to remind him that there were limits
within which he must confine bis cele
bration. -
Cowpunchers, after months on the
prairies, looking - after cattle, free
of restraint and. their pockets full
of money,, rode into town scarcely
discernible in a cloud of dust, punc
tuated with the flash of fire and re
port of revolvers.. Like a torpedo,
they swirled up to the front of the
saloon,- reined their ponies back on .
their haunches and souiotlmes rode
In through the Bwlngtng doors. These
were profitable days for the barkee
per, but he just needs be a diplomat
if hiB place remain intact.
Hard on the heels ot the saloon
came tho gambler with the tools ot
his trade. Then followed) the dance
hall adjunct which brought with It
the 'orchestra", such as it was, or
the automatlo musical machines. .AH
were part and iparcel of the saloon.
Home of the modern saloons in
tho Btate's larger cities were elabor
ate In their fixtures, furniture and
decorations.- Until a tew years ago,
Butte had a buffet whose entire floor
rvas Inlaid with imitation dollar coins,
entirely natural In appearance
BartenderB in the state with other
saloon employees, number about five
thousand at the : present time. -. A
Inrge percentage of saloons will con
tinue in business, either with ,80ft
drinks or lunch, or both; or as bowl
ing alleys, pool halls, or shooting
galleries, and it Is thought most or
the saloon employees will be re
tained. ' j :
Several of the larger (breweries will
turn to making artificial ice. Others,
It Is planned, will dry vegetable .
ALL THE BIG BATTLES
Frank Weaver, of Myrtle Creek, a
brother of Mrs. H. W. Jones, who has
been through all the big fighting on
the French front, passed through the
ordeal safely. He is with the Thir
teenth Aero squad. , His letter was
dated November 24, several days af
ter the armistice was signed, and the
lad says: "This leaves me well and
with our Job finished, which looks
pretty good to ns boys over here and
1 don't suppose you are sorry to hear
of the finish. We have had a hard
light and enaured a lot of hardships,
hut pulled out In goodi shape. We
have been at the front ever since
June. Have fought in every battlo
the United States troops have engag
ed in sinco that time, but our squad
was always far anough back so that
the big guns of the enemy could not
roach us, although they hnvo bombed
us night after night. When we were
at Toul they made one direct hit, but
did not got any of our crowd.
I do not know whon we will start
home, as we are without any orders
on tho subject, so don't look for me
until you hear of our coming. :
1 expoct' you are getting ready for
a big Thanksgiving dinner, and I
would like kO be there with you. We
nre to have a Thanksgiving dinner
hero, but I don't imagine I will not
enjoy myself like I would if I were
nt home 'hat day.
Mr. and Mrs. Alvln Tipton, ot
Riddle, are In the city today visiting
nt the home of the former's parents,
Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Tipton, ot North
Jjackson street.