The evening news. (Roseburg, Douglas County, Or.) 1909-1920, December 23, 1918, Page 1, Image 1

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mws
THE WEATHER
Tonight and Tuesday, Fair;
Continued cold,
Highest temp, yesterday 42
Lowest temp, last night 30
Pull for a bigger, better
and more prosperous
Roseburg- and Douglas
. ' . County. . ,
The Only Paper in Roseburg Carrying Associated Press Dispatches
-. VOL. IX.
ROSEBURG, DOUGLAS COUNTY, OREGON MONDAY, DHOEMBEK 38, 1018.
yo. 80s
EVEM
TO
British Government Officially
Notifies Dutch That River
:Will Be Utilized;- "'
WILL CELEBRATE XMAS
Ex-Emperor Prepares to Keep Fost-
. lval Day According to German
- Traditions InviUxl Guesta
Refuse to Attend Fete.
(By Associated Press.l
' . . , BRUSSELS, Dec. 23,-It is reported
by Great Britain of the latter's in
tention to send supplies to the Eng
lish army of occupation In Germany
by way ot the Scheldt river ana
Dutch Limburg. '
OOCENTRATING FORCES.- ";
1 " ZURICH, Dec, 23. Von Hinden
burg, according to reports from Ger
many, has concentrated large forces
of troops In POBen, which Is in Ger
man Poland. PoliBh troops' recently
invaded the territory after Poland
ciaimea lc as a ipan o new ruiunu.
Political circles in Berlin are visib
ly agitated by the rumor that General.
.Grorner, who succeeded General Lu
dendorff, has threatened to seize Ber
lin with troops that have remained
faithful. Continued rioting In Ber
'lln la the p-raund for this threatened
action, as' Grorner says order must
be established pretty quick or his
troops will take action.
A SORRY CHRISTMAS.
. " LONDON, Doc. 23. Wiliam Ho-
henzollern, ex-emperor of Germany,
. ,has arranged! a Christmas celebration
for himself which will be conducted
as far as possible after the tradi
tional German style. There will be
elaborate' religious ceremonies on
Christmas eve, and the deposed ruler
"of ail tne uermans wail aeuver tne
sermon himself. Although many per-
'dnno'-ttrA illatrarf tn havn Ihnnn nalrdri
to attend the exercieses the Invita-
ea, so tnat tne aumence win . consist
of Count von Bentlck and- family and
the ex-emperors suite and servants.
. SOCIALIZATION IS FAILURE.
BERLIN, Dec. 23. Relable Infor
mation from Russia says the scheme
lur BUClttirauiluiL ui mi muuaur hub
been a complete failure througout the
country. Expenses considerably ex
ceeded the receipts in almost all of
the 513 mills t-nd factories controlled
by the state. "
- -J ONE MORE CRISIS.
PARIS, Dec. 23. The Ebert gov
ernment In Berlin Is said to be facing
another serious crisis through the
recent resignation of the minority
members of the cabinet. -
A. P. RULING SUSTAINED. '
f ' WASHINGTON, Dec. 23. Injunc
tions granted the Asociated Press to
stop constant pirating ot news by the
International "News Service, were
.sustained today by the Supreme
court. The' decision said, there was
quasl-property interests in uncopy
righted news as between rival news
gathering organizations.
LOCATIONS MADE PUBLIC.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 23. The ex
act location of 35 combat dtv-lslons
and six depot divisions of the United
States army as . stationed November
28, is announced. The 42nd was at
Mersch, Luxemburg, and the 91st at
Denterghem, Belgium.
VORWAKRT8 CAUSTIC.
' BERLIN, Dec. 23. The German
government officially denies that It
continued to aoxlress diplomatic notes
" exclusively to the United States after
being warned to send such communi
cations simultaneously to all of the
.entente ipowers. : Vorwaerts, In com
menting on the charge that Germany
has continued the practice; says "the
.harshness pf this charge Is incompre
hensible. It is inconoievable that the
United States goes so tar as to expect
that the people are entirely innocent
ot starting the war, and that their
new government will quietly crawl
Into a corner and expire.
. . OPPOSE SINKING OF SHIPS.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 23. It may
be stated authoritatively that the
president will oppose in a most di
rect fashion the proposals to sink
the warship fleet surrendered hy Ger
many.
WANTS RANK RE8TOWEI).
WASHINGTON, Deo. 23. Secre
tary Baker bas asked the House mili
tary committee to bestow the perma
nent rank of ceneral on Generals
Pershing, March and' BHbb, and the
rank of Lieutenant General on orn
cere Liggett and -Boullard.
ECKHARDT RECALLED.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 23. Ambas-
: sadbr Fletcher, Mexico City, has ad
vised the state department that the
Mexican afflcial organ, El Pueblo,
' . denieB that Ambassador von Eck
. hardt has been recalled by Germany.
Other Mexican newspapers - allege
that his mission has been terminated,
: tut that von Eckhardt Is undecided
as to leaving the country.
WASHINGTON, 'Dec. 23. An In
direct warning from United States
government was responsible for the
' decision ot the German authorities
to dispense with the services ot the
notorious minister, von Eckhardt, at
Mexico City. A hint was given to
the' new German government of his
undeslra'billty, It was officially learn
ed. The state department has been
advised of Eokhardt s recnl. ,. -SOLVING
FOOD I'HOJHjBMS.
..- PARIS,, Dec. 23. President Wil
son considers the most messing pro
blem, that of supplying food to the
starving peoples ot liberated coun
tries, is nearly solved. Herbert Hoo
vr. at the united States Food Ad
ministration, now is Europe, wiU
probably handle the situation. .
MURDERER CUT HIS
: (The Associated Press.) --
PORTLAND, Dec 23. N. Carlson,
who a few days ago shot and killed
Gus Johnson, during a quarrel at i
private garace in this city, today sui
elded at the county Jail by cuttint
his throat while shaving. He died
in twenty minutes, tho horrible deei.
being witnessed -by about thirty othei
prisoners. The shooting of Johnson
was due to the alleged attentions o,
the latter to Carlson's wife. . .
E
SENT TO JAIL 90 DAYS
- (The Associated Press.) ,
PORTLAND, Dec: "23. Robert
Warfield, contract manager for the
Home Telephone Co., Gus Emrlch
and George Fifer today pleaded guil
tv to a charge of bootlegging. War
field got a ninety day sentence in
jail, and the other two men were
sentenced to 30 days each.
1
E
Almost Every Home Decor
ated With Old Glory
Flags Everywhere.
A MARVEL OF CLOTH
Hardly a House, However Small anil
Humble, Was Without Its Deco
ration at Time of Celebra
tion of the Armistice.
LONDON', Nov. 14. (Correspond
ence of The Associated Press.) If
there is not friendly feeling toward
the United States in England the
flags of London speak untruthfully.
There are millions of flags. Where
all of them tome from is a mystery.
They simply appeared from every
where and nowhere, like a barrage ol
color on the day when the armistice
was signed. - No coronation or royal
jubilee has seen such a marvel o(
cloth. Hardly a, house, howevei
small and humble, in tlhe whole more
than twenty mile radius of the largest
city in the world was without its de
corations. And the Stars and StrlpeE
were more conspicous than any flag
except the Union Jock. Whereever
two flags hung together the Ameri
can emblem was one of them. Thr
French flag ranked next, but only
a respectable third. Walking througl
the streets, the- American colon
saluted the eye everywhere. - Bli
ones, large enough to hide an ordi
nary house, hung In front of hotels
department stores, and factories
Very, many people, of the hundred
of thousands, who tied flags to theii
hats and coats and' umbrellas, evei
to their dogs, sported the Stars ant"
Stripes. They were particularly po
pular with the girls, but workmen
old ladies, and British soldiers wore
them. This seems to spell apprecia
tion. Some of the sadder newspaperr
which specialize in deploring mourn
ed bitterly over the armistice cele
bration In Trafalgar Square on Nov.
12. "Property was destroyed." This
was the burden of the plaint. It was
true. , .
Reveillers, chiefly Australian and
Canadian soldiers, with a sprinkling
of British and a few American ac
complices, built a bonfire. They used
whatever came to hand. Huge sign
boards around the Nelson Monument
appealing to citizens to buy war
bonds were the; first to feed the
flames. Then a wooden hut, the pro
perty of the Y. M. C. A. was dragged
to the tpyre. Next came bait a dozen
German cannon, camouflaged with
green, purple, and yellow, rushed un
with shoutings from St. James Park
close by.
There were many policemen about,
but they were helpless. The soldiers
picked them up and' thrust them off
the scene. Then the fire engines
came out and turned streams on the
blaze. The Australians turned the
hose on the astonished firemen and
swept them oft their feet with their
own ammunition.
LOOKING AFTER THE
CAUSE PROHIBITION
Senator B. L. Eddy Prepares
Resolution Ratifying Pro
posed Amendment.
FAITHTFUL TO CAUSE
Ever Alert to tlie Interests of the
-"lry" lrofrram the Senator from . ;
Douglas Will Keep in Close
Touch With Cause.
As the time draws near for the
opening day of tho Oregon State Le
gislature -interest In what is to be
the deliberations of that body ot state
representatives as an after the war
program is dally becoming of more
than passing interest to tho taxpay
ers generally. Senators ad represen
tatives in. all partB of Oregon are for-,
mulating measures to be carried to a
successful issue lefore the session
closes, and, while there will probably
be numorous laws presented and en
acted the opinion prevails, there will
be a scarcity as compared to- past
legislative sessions.
Senator B. L. Eddy, of this city,
ever faithful to the interest- of the
prohibition cause, will be just as
active during tho coming session of
the Legislature, as he has shown hlm-
scir to be in the past, and with a
view of further legislation along this
line the following joint resolution has1
been prepared by Mr. Eddy and will
be offered for the approval of the
-senate during the early part of the
session, ratifying a proposed1 amend-
man( tn tha nnnnltlntJnn nf tha TTn1,
ed Statos: .-,
WHEREAS, both Houses of the1
Sixty-fifth Congress of the United i
States of America, by a constitution
al majority of two-thirds t.iereof,
made the following iproposltion to
amend the constitution of the United.
States of America, In the following,
words, to-wits :'
. : .Resolved, by the Senate and House
of Representatives of the United
States of America In Congress as-;
sembled (two-thirds of each House
concurring therein). That the follow
ing amendment to the Constitution
be, and hereoy is, i-roposed to the
States, to -become valid as a part of
the Constitution when ratified by the
legislatures of the several States as
provided by the Constitution: ,
After one year from the ratification'
of this article the manufacture, sale
or transportation of intoxicating li
quors within, the importation .there
of into, or the exportation iuercof
from the Unlten States nna all terri
tory subject to the jurisdiction there
of for beverage purposes is hereby
prohibited.
The Congress and the several Sta
tes shall have concurrent ,power to
enforce this article by appropriate le
gislation. ' Thjs article shall he inoperative
unless it shall havo been ratified as
an amendment to the Constitution by
the legislatures of the several States,
as provided In the Constitution, with
in seven years from the date of the
submission hereof to the States by
the Congress.
THEREFORE, be It resolved by
the legislative assembly of the State
Df Oregon -as; follows:
That the said proposed amendment
".o the Constitution of tho United
states of America be and the same
lereby 1b ratified by the legislative
tssembly of the State of Oregon.
That certified copies of this ipro
llem and joint resolution be forward
id by the Governor of this -tnte to
he Secretary of State of the United'
Hates at Wnhlngton, to the presld-i
ng officer of tho United States Sen
ile and to tl a Speaker of the House
f Representatives of the . United
Kates. -
Senator Eddy Is also giving special,
vttention to the proposed' amendment
f the Workmen's Compensation Law
if the State, having been appointed
halrman of a committee named at
the last session to Investigate this
natter. He has also gone on record
in favor of Buch reasonable -public
vorks, particularly in the way of the
Highways, as will tend to develob
the State and to afford employment
to men returning from war service
BY
The 8ylmon Valley Parent-Teach
ers Association will hold a commun
ity Christmas tree at the Sylmon Val
ley School house Tuesday evening.
December 24. Everbody is Invited to
place their gifts upon the tree. A
committee will be at the school house
Tuesday afternoon from 2 to 5 o
clock to receive,-mark f.nd place thej
gifts on the tree. At 7:45 p. m. the
following program will be given:
Song, America, by all present; Piano
solo, selected by Miss Florence Berg
old; Recitation, "Johnny's Gifts";
Allen Busenbark; "Just before
Christmas", Dorothy Hill; Dialogue,
V
"Santas' Stowaways",, School Read
ing; "Christmas in Plrady", Ruth
Bradford-; Is it Christmas, III the
Heart? by Ashley Taber; ' A Jolly
ChrlBtmas Wish, Wilbui; Travis; Pa--pa's
Christmas Neckties, Vernon Ole
son, Vera Davenport, Amanda Foster,
Jerome Morris, Elizabeth Morris; The
Happiest Girl, Joyce Busonbark; The
Happiest Boy, Dale Busenbark; Piano
Solo, MIbs Rosalie Radaboughi A
Trick on Santt,, Vernon Strickland;
Buying Christmas Presents, Violet
Strickland; The Star, Mildred Morris;
A Red Cross Christmas, Miss Brown,
Eula Davenport, Jennie and Florence
Bergold, Mary and . Rosalie Rada
bough, Emma and Amanda Foster,
Besie and Ruth Bradford, Nelle and
Viola Thomas, Alice and Vera Daven
port, Anna and Rosio Eltmeler, Susie
and Opal Davenport;' A Christmas
Thought, Arthur Travis, Sing a Song
of Christmas,. Icle Ellis; A Puzzler,
Glendon-Davenport; A Reception for
Santa Cktus, the School; Song, When
Good Old-Kris Comes Around, the
School; Santa Clans and distribution
of presents. ;
PRETTY WEDDING AT
At 5:03 ' oh Saturday ' evening a.
very pr.etty wedding ceremony waB
performed at Green's Station by Rev.
C. H. Hilton, pastor of the Christian
church of this c'ty. The nappy couple
were Miss , Rose .Velma Wilson,
daughter ot Mr, and Mrs. Allen Wil
son, and Mr. Hozen P. Bratton. of
Portland.'' A; largo company ot re
latives and friendB were prosont for
the occasion; and many beautiful
presents were received by the young
folks to help start them on their life
journey together. The house was
beautifully decorated in Christinas
decorations o,nd the bride and groom
stood under a,--hell suspended from
the celling) wHile the ceremony was
being performed. Rev. Hilton used
his beautiful ring ceremony. After
the wedding ceremony, the guests
were all invited to the dlnnlg room
where a beautiful repast was wait
ing. The dining room was equally
beautifully deocrnted. The bride's
cake occupied' the ccntor place on the
table, and was' decorated with a very
pretty white wedding bell, that seem
ed to be in the'act of ringing its wel
come peals. The. young people after
many congratulations departed on the
midnight train for Portland, where
Mr. Bratton. is connected ' with a
garage. , . '
E SONS
C. A., Anderson, of West Hoaeburg,
has three sons serving Uncle Sum,
one of the number, Harry, having
been, actively engaged at the Flan
ders front in France, for some
months, another. John, has been sta
tioned' at Camp Lewis, Wash., while
the third, Carl, is at Fort SHI, Ok
lahoma, with a field artillery com
pany. . A correspondent writing to
the Portland Telegram in mentioning
a number of Oregon boys, has the
following to say In reference to Harry
Anderson:
"One of Mercer's fellow ambulance
men Is also of Salem. Harry Ander
son, who thinks longingly of good
old days at the Brown planing mills.
Anderson is not married, and says he
will not be until he returns to the
Oregon capital. His father resides
In Roseburg. Aside from a heart
trouble,' that the doctors can do
nothing for, Anderson is well and
happy."
VERY FEW CASES
FLU ARE REPORTED
According to Information from the
county and city health officers the
epidemic of Influenza In this city is
we.ll in hand and with close coopera
tion between the people generally
and: the physicians of the town there
is every likelihood that the disease
wl)l be eradicated at an early date.
Very few cases have been reported
within the post few days, which is
an encouraging state of affairs, an'1
with due diligence on the part ot
everyone it is hoped too keep the
number of new cases down to the
minimum. .
AGENTS APPRECIATED
CORVALLIS. Dec. 23. At least
25 of the 26 Oregon Counties that
took up county agent work prior to
or wfthln the war period, win retain
their agents next year, rerorts Paul
V. Marls s.tate leader. So effective
-'id these ngcncles prove In organlz-
ng the agrlcuituiai forces for in
creased production and strict conser
vation, that their services aro to be
retained. Some new counties are
also considering tho advisability of
establishing county a rent work. In
uinn county the farmers and business
men are raising the maintenance fund
by subscription. .
E
Only About Fifty Per Cent of
the Adults In State .
Are Enrolled.
TRIFLE OVER 200,000
Oregon Must Speed Up and Finish
Strong Still Possible too Over
the Top at Close of Cam
. pniim Tonight.
PORTLAND, Dec. 23. With thlB
the mst day of the official drive for
memberships In the Red Cross, the
State has enrolled a little moro than
200,000 or about 60 per cent of what
would be possible if every adult in
the state enrolled. Unless there are
a sufficient number of members en
rolled in this drive, it will be neces
sary for the Red Cross to come be
fore the people within a few months
to make a money campaign, andi this
is something tha the Red CrosB ma
nagement dislikes to do. Word re
ceived from Washington states that
It was believed enrollments would be
so heavy that- no further drives for
funds would be required. The slow
manner in which the people are re
sponding, however, giveB rise to the,
doubt as to whether the organization
can get along without the money
'drive. If Oregon does its share and
finishes Btrong, as there is still a pos
sibility of its doing, this will cancel
any war fund drive for the Red Cross,
so far as this state is concerned.
There are 200,000 wounded Ame
rican soldiers In France, who-- will
have to be cared for an Indiflntte
number of months. Tho Rod Crosa
is expected to look after these boys
and will do. so. - In addition there
will be a million American soldiers in
Europe for probably an entire year,
and these, too, will receive the atten
tion of the Red Cross, The signing
ot tne armistice nns not demobilized
the Red Cross The work must go on
and there is a vast amount to be
accomplished. President WllBon cabl
ed from France to Mr. Davidson,
president of the Redi Cross, to pro
peed to Europe to nrrange for the
enlarged efforts of the organization.
In response, Mr.- Davidson is now on
the high seas.
Officially the drive closes to
night. Until that hour the faithful
crew of women and men who have
been soliciting memberships all of
last week, will continue their labors.
They have remained doggedly on the
Job and If Oregon falls to register
what It should, the responsibility is
on the public. In one county, Baker,
the local manager, 'Dollar Bill" Ellis
is considering publishing the names
ot people who positively refuse to
enroll without having a good and
sufflclftent reason. This drastic ac
tion is under consideration in several
other counties. - That such a scheme
of publicity will not be relished by
those whose names are printed- is
acknowledged, but the. attitude of
some people toward patrotle move
ments since the war ended, has given
birth to, the suspicion that they have
not been 100 per cent loyal to Ame
rica during the period' the United
States was in the European trouble.
A few precincts in the state have
accomplished a wonderful record, re
porting 100 per cent and better in
-certain Instances, -but on the whole
there has been a slackness, that has
been depressing. One day remains.
In which Oregon can redeem Itself
and no effort will be overlooked by
tne managers to Bee tnat at the finish
Oregon Is in the right column. While
no quota has been given the state
other than "Universal Membership",
the proportion the state should en
roll, based on the dlslred 60,000,000
In the nation, Is about 400,000, and
the figures up to last night compiled
by State manager H. E. Wltham dis
close that barely half that number
have been- registered. To date Ore
gon has not equaled the membership
enrolled a year ago, and If it is to
manltaln- Its record, it will have to
double last year's enrollment.
. Oregon's reputation is at stake. It
Is now facing for the first time the
prospect of being delinquent In a pa
triotic service.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 21. With
thousands of troops returning weekly
to the United States, since the sign
Ing of the armistice, It has been
learned that In many Instances sol
dlers are arriving on this side, finan
cially strnndel, due to the falluro of
the Government to send them their
pay. Some ot the men have not been
paid for several montna ana are liter
ally penniless. Others have morely
missed connections with their last
pay, but are In noarly as bad shape.
This condition was sevorely criti
cised In Congress by Representative
El
Mann, Republican " minority leader,
when he said: ' ,
"I think the department ought to
pay tho men who are In the army
now up to date. I have a telegram
here from West Baden, Ind., whichi
read's as follows: v : .
"Several hundred wounded men
arrived at West Baden Hospital. A1
large number are without any funds,
and say they have had no pay for
many months. Cannot some plan be
put In operation to give them money
when they disembark?"
"It is a scandal to send wounded
men clear from the point of disem
barkation to Southern Indiana, with
money due tnem for monthB, and not
a cent paid to them. The War De
partment hai informed me that if I
would have telegraphed to them the
names of the men they would ' en
deavor to pay them. I cannot, do
that. It is their businesB. A wound
ed man in a hospital cannot be ex
pected to run after the .paymaster to
get his pay. It is tho duty of the
military department ot the Govern
ment to look after him. I hope they
will be brought to realize thlr duty
in the matter.", i r. t
Representative Sherley of Ken
tucky said he had made suggestions
to the military authorities andi to the
Hed cross as to plans which would
keep the soldiers in money who had
not received the pay due them, but
that these, suggestions evidently had
not been carried into effect. ?
I agree," he said, "that there is
no possible excuso forany large num
ber of such cases happening. Here
and there, of course they" are bound
to occur, but the system ought to he
such as to make numerous cases Im
possible." A. W. Caswell and faultily, of Kan
sas, accompanied by O. W. Caswell,
father of Mrs. C. C. Weaver, of Ro
berts' Creek, arrived from the south
on the afternoon train, and will go
out to tne weaver nome this even
ing. These people are here to look
over the situation with a view of lo
cating.. Both Mr. A. W. Caswell and
Mrs. Caswell are experienced in mer
cantile work, having been engaged In
that . line for a good many years. ,
TIME HOME COMING
Afte.r Many Months In France
: Bugler Lawrence Krogel
Anxious to Return.
THE OLD FARM IN MIND
Plans Trip By Motorcycle From Jfew
York to Oregon Hopes to He
On Hand for the Work of '
-, Haying In Summer.
Lawrence Krogel, son of Mr; and
Mrs. C. F. Krbgel, of Deer Creek, who
was a member of the old Fourth
Company, Coast Artillery, which was
among the first military units to mo
bilize early in 1917, is now In France
and has been there for several
months along with 64 other Rose
burg and Douglas county boys who
went over after being transferred' to
the 69th. A letter received by Mi'B.
Krogel from her son, dated Nov, 20,
expresses the hope that they would
be able to be discharged In time to
roach New York by spring. He says:
"I did not expect to be home before
July 4, but have changed my mind
now and think we will get back by
April 1. Frank and I had lc all plan
ned out that we wouii get our dis
charge on the eastern coaet sometime
In the spring, andi then we thought
It would be all right to stay around
New York until June, then buy a mo
torcycle outfit and start west. We
could cross the continent in about a
month, eo I would get home in time
for haying. What do you think of
the plan? Ask father what he thinks
of it, and also tell me about the
crop prospects for next summer. If
we have lots of early hay It might
be best to come directly home.
, "We are still having good weather
over here, only It is cold nights. I
had to get up last night and rut on
my socks to keep my feet warm. All
I do Is guard duty. As three Battery
C buglars have to keep two guards
going, that means two of us on all
the time one for the battery and
one for the military police station,
about n mile and a half from our
quarters. All I havo to do on guard
Ib to step outolde and play a call
and then I come back In by the fire,
so you see that 1 am not at all over
worked. "I Just looked out the window and
noticed a Frenchman iplowlng with
an ox. Things like that look common
to us now, for everything Is pulled
by oxen over hore, but it would loo):
rather funny In the states.
"If the American Expeditionary
Forces have not started home by the
time you get this letter; please buy
me a "Field' and Stream" or an "H.
F. F." magazine and send It over.
as we get very few magazines over
here, and there are no hunting ma
gazines among those we do get hold
of. I saw Lester lost "night and he
Is looking fine, and seemed to bo
glad to see me."
AMERICAN HEAD-
Not Until Censorship Was
Lifted Did Anyone Know
v' Its Whereabouts.'
SECRETS OF THE ARMY
Are -Now Given to the American Pub
.i: llo For the Flint Time. Die
Hub of the Yankee Acttvl
i tics on Front. . -
MARNE, FRANCE, ' Nov. 20.
(Correspondence of The Associated
Press.) The date line reveals one of
the interesting secrets of the Army
in France, the location of the home
Of the nninnmnriapjnhlaf .nH thA
General Staff. Until a few days ago .
when the cenBpship rules were mo
dified to meetvthe new conditions
created by the armistice, Chaumont
has never to be -mentioned in connec
tion with the American forces.
The exact whereabputs of the gen
eral headquarters of any force, allied
or eneinv. in Wai ravAnlRri ni-in,.
hostilities. The military reasons for
this secrecy are obvious andi in this
was the alroplane made it ever more
necessary, for,' Chaumont lies but a
little flight from what were long the
uemiun lines.
Tt I. nn nlil nnt' nllll.oannn nU,,
quiet and conservative -beyond even
r reucu provincialism, it nas water
and gas and electrlo lights, but no
street railways nnri few nlniAa nf
amusement even in normal times. It
lies in tne center of an agricultural
and grazing district, Is qulto a seat
of education and historically very in
teresting, as Indeed is every city ot
Its age In -France..' '
There . are really, two Chaumonts,
the ancient town with Its narrow,
tortuous streets, its typical buildings
with curious towers and buttresses
and aroheB rjivlng glimpses through
half opened 'gates or iron grills of
quaint gardens ana quainter, courts.
Many of the streets-are too narow to
permit the pasage-of. wheeled vehicles
and the big staff motor cars find it
difficult navlenting the' best of the J
old town streets, '
Extending -outward on the :hlgh
plateau upon which the city is located
Is a newer and more modern Caau
mont, a region of fine homea with ex
tensive grounds and comfortable re
sidences of the woll-to-do and middle
classes. Hero the wide boulevards
are tree-lined and parked. .
It is in this eastern port or the
plateau that General - Headquarters
are located occupying the French mi
litary post turned over to the Ameri
cans by the French. Its three great
concrete and numerous lesser -buildings
were renovated by the American
staff, electrlo lights Installed, paint
and whitewash called into play and
now in rooms where once the pollus
barracked the great headquarters
staff workB. -Every office Is connect
ed by telephone, the central station
being qperated by American girls.
The three large barrack buildings
rorm three sldos-of a great parade
ground. In the center, building on
the second floor are the offices of
General Pershing and no. soldiers'
place could be more severe. His; own
office and reception room are precise
ly like every other office in the three
buildings. The walls are whitewash
ed and practically barren of orna
ment except for some Liberty Loan
posters. A plain flat topped Oak desk
stands between tho two windows and
round about a few plain yellow
chairs. A stove and a table against
the wall complete the furnishings. -
Hnnrlnilfirtoi-ft urn attttataA n
wide, tree-lined boulevard In the cen
ter oi wnicn uetween two more rows
of fine old shade trees, is a spacious
walkway. Until last Fourth of July
this was known as the Avenue de
Fort Lambert, but on Independence
Day, It was rechrlstened Avenue des
Btats Unls, General Porshing being
the guest of honor and making a
speech In acknowledgement of the
courteay dono hlB country. "
At the beginning of the Avenue des
Etnts Unls, which starts from a beau
tiful little park is a handsome resi
dence, in which the Commandor-ln-Chlef
made his home until fchia laat
spring. He then removed to larger
and . attractive chateau about flvo
miles fi Bin the city. Tho fine old
cnatle lies In the beautiful valley of
the Marne, its spacious grounds,
parks and walks making an Meal
home where he can have the seclu
sion his responsibilities roqulre, yet
but a few minutes by motor to his
office at headquarters.
SHELL TRANSFORMED TO VASE.
A nvel niece of wbrk is on exhl-'
bltlon in the News windows that
came from the battle front in France.
A brass 76 M. M. 3 inch Bhell was
transformed Into a beautiful vaso
and' sent by Englneeer Wm. Holmes,
with tho American Expeditionary
Forces, to Mrs. L. L. Bodies, of West
Roseburg, and demonstrates what A
skillful mechanic can do with a rello
of the batlefleld. The vase Is -beautifully
scrolled and scalloped, and is
indeed a souvenir that la worth while.