The evening news. (Roseburg, Douglas County, Or.) 1909-1920, November 26, 1918, Page 1, Image 1

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    1 .
Ormraii niMrorlonl Soclcly'
Pull for a bigger, better
and more prosperous
Roseburg and Douglas
"':!r Auditorium, i
"Tonight and Wednesday, Rain.
Highest temp, yesterday........ 4 6
The Only Paper ia Roseburg Carrying Associated Press Dispatches
uoweot temp, last night. .....34
vol. re.
NO. 381
W I Wl 1
Will Sail on Same Ship With
Party of Distinguished '
Alleged Hint American Newspaper
Men Will be Given Free Rein In
Transmitting Peace Confer-
ence Dispatches Events. -
(By Associated! Press.)
WASHINGTON, Nov. 26. Accord
ing to present calculations at. the
. present moment, President Wilson
. expects to remain in Europe about
one month for the opening of the
' peace conference and preliminary
discussions' of .pending Issues. While
there is no definite limit on the time
that the executive J may remain
abroad, he plans to be back in Wash
ington within six weeks from , the
time he sails for his overseas desti
nation. The Italian ambassador.
Count dl Cellere, an Ambassador
Jusserand, of France, and the United
States peace delegates, will sail on
the same ship for Europe. It was
said today, that there was positively
no foundation for the almost uni
versal criticism of the alleged cen
sorship of news from the conference.
American, newspaper men, it was
given out, will be afforded, every
nueafhln fqilll,v for thn trgnemladnn
... ...................
of detailed dispatches of all matters
coming before thaworldis' peace dele
gates at the conference.
Indicating that the wily Turk, would
like to get out from under the heavy
hand of British Justice, United States
control of .Turkish gendarmerie and
finances is urged by, nine Constantin
qple nowspapets. American supervi
sion of the Ottoman educational By
stem and separation-of,1eht!.rch - and
state are also: being urged by Tur
kish publications. This program will
be presented to President Wilson and
the peace delegation at the conference
i COPENHAGEN, Nov. 26. General
Ludendorff, reputed to have long di
rected the .military policies of Ger
many, has quit the fatherland, ac
cording to the Frankfort Gazotte.
The paper states that Ludendorff has
gone to Sweden.
(By Associated' Press.)
' WASHINGTON, . iNov. 25 The
hearing on tho appeals of (Eugene V.
Debs and others for violation of the
espionage act, have been set for. Jan.
6, by the supreme court.
(By Associated Press.)
PORTLAND, Nov. 26. Senator
Chamberlain, in an Article in the
monthly bulletin of the Loyal Legion
of Loggers and Lumbermen, suggests
that the United States cancel the war
debt of the allies, because, he states,
the money loaned to them was used
to buy bread and bullets to help de
fend our homes.
respondence of The Associated Press)
Argentina has taken the load In an
effort to porjuade the South Ameri
can republic! to tear down their
tariff walla and open tho.nselvnj to
lee trade cmong thctniselus. argu
ing that fJfh action wo.ild make
them com..ierclaliy 'ndepnd jnt of
other couutrfes In Europs and! Nortii
America. This step his ko;i taken
if spile of rile fact that until now
the Argentine's principal 'source o!
revenue has been its custom houses.
To show its sinccrety, the Argen
tine governnnt has m'.roducd n bill
1n congress providing for the opening
of diplomatic negotiations with al!
the neighboring countries for the
adoption of treaties providing for
the free exchange of the products of
eurh country concerned.
. Ji the desire of Argentina is to re
move the fiscal barriers which In the
past have estranged the nations of
South American and reBtrictei com
merce between them, makliu; them
dependent on overseas nations.
A year's trial of free trade with
Peru hns led Argentina to seek simi
lar arrangements with the other re
publics. The Peruvian legation in
Buenos Aires and the Argentine con
sulate in Lima have acted as com
mercial agents for their respective
countries with the result that today
there 1b a regular ' trade of. wheat,
flour, and cereals to Peru in ex
change for cotton, rice and sugar
from Peru. ' .' ' ,i
It is expectod that Chile will be
the next republic to ratify a free
trade treaty.
At 5:00 this morning at the Sol
dier's Home hospital, Michael Flynn,
late Private In Co. L, first Conn. Ar
tillery, passed away after a long ill
ness. He was a native of Ireland,
was 84 years of age and was ad
mitted to the Home in 1897, and has
lived, In the institution ever since.
He leaves one daughter who resides
In Lynn, MasB. The funeral was held
today at' 4:30.
This morning the wrecker was
called out for a derailment of three
freight cars west of Tunnel 9, be
tween, Leland and Hugo. A broken
flange was given as the cauae, and
the S. P. officials report that no one
was injured. ... "...
At a meeting of the board of
school directors held at Mr. Roscoe
Qreen's ofQce last evening, another
high school teacher, 'Miss Olea Mar
vastav, -was selected to fill the phy
sics position recently vacated by Miss
Alice UelawlL E. H. Lennox was
chosen to fill the unexpired term of
R. L. Stephens, who has been inca
pacitated for filling this position due
to an extended illness. Fred Chap
man was chosen to serve on the board
some time ago, but due to the streess
of business affairs, was unable to
accept. - ...
No action was tr.k n by the board
as to lengthening of the school day.
This matter was placed entirely in
the hands' of Superintendent Aubrey
G. Smith, who plans to add thirty
minutes to the daily session. -
Two delinquents, Forest Suther
land and Loren Wheat, of Sutherlin.
charged with robbing a store at Drain
on the night of the 8th of Nov., were
brought in from Leon a by Frank Ro
gers, Southern Pacific secret service.
agent, yesterday and were tried be
fore Justice of the Peace Riddle this
morning. Both) .boys are young, being
but little past the minor ase, and
were assisted In their bv.rglary by a
minor, who was sentenced by Judge
Marstor3.- Because of the youth! ol'
the culprits, their sentence was un
usually light, tho Jail sentence due
in James Sutherland's case being
suspended during good behavior, and
Wheat beir.3 fl.iea ?6e for carrying
concealed weapons. The boyi! have
been at large since the date of the
robbery, November S, and it vas not
until yestfcrd iy, that they were locat
ed by Mr. Rogers.
SALEM. Nov! 26. Postmaster Gen
eral Burlenon. in a telegram today,
has consented to a hearing by the
public service commission, on request
of the Pacific Telephone & Telegraph
Co.. for increased rates in Oregon.
This action by the postmaster gener
al i followed complaints or Horuano
and State officials Jomnndlng a regu
lar hearing in conformity to Oregon
lairs, which it was alleged the admi
nistration official had Ignored in or
derring rates raised.
Proposal to Sink Surrendered
Battleships to Prevent Dis
: putes Startling.
Affords OiHrtuiiity for Bolshevik! in
Arclumgcl District to Moke Flank
ing Attacks on Allied Troops
Enemy Crosses Klver.
: (By Associated Press.)
WASHINGTON, Nov. 26 United
Statos naval officers expressed their
very great surprise today over the
suggestion from London, intimating
that to avoid any possible disagree
ment among the associated nations
as to the disposition of the .German
war ships, they .be taken out and
sunk. There Is no Intimation of what
the policy of the United States will
be in this regard. If the surrendered
battleships and sublimities were pro
rated among the allied navies accord
ing to wandosses sustained, the Unit
ed States would obtain only one de
stroyer and one armored! cruiser.
A RCH ANGEL, 'Nov. 28. Winter haB
set in along the whole north Russian
front. RIveiB .are already Icebound,
and Bolshevlkl gunboats have been
forced to withdraw, but the Russians
have mounted big guns alone the
whole front south of the allied ar
mies, indicating that they exipect to
I hold the British and Americans lh
j check if possible. Strong reinforce-
". manfn i .'o hnlnrr vara! VAll liv thn Rnl.
! shevlsts. While the freezing up of
the rivers brines relief at the Dvlna
front, the once lmpansable swamps
are now frozen avenuos, over which
flanking attnckB of the enemy are
made possible, bolshevlkl- troops
have passed the "Narva 'on a broad'
front and entorod Eathonia between
the Gulf of Finland and Lalte-Pelpus,
states a Stockholm dispatch.
PARIS, Nov. 26. German delega
tes to Spa have protested against the
rejection of their request that they
be granted' a delay of two weeks in
the work of evacuating Luxemburg,
Lorraine and the Saar region. The
French authorities consider the re
quest groundless.
WASHING'lON, Nov. i6. The
transport Minnekahda, Lapland and
Oi ta are onroute home with 7000
troopB from , overseas service. The
ships will probobly arrive in New
York about December 2. ...
LONDON, Nov. 26. A steamer
with troops -"Till leave British ports
every day this week for America The
Mauretanla left yesterday wltn 6000
men of the flyins corps.
The Seventy-sixth DlviBlon, reduc
ed by displacement drafts to 61 offi
cers and 1000 men, arrived at Port
Mazarie, where the men are embark
ing for home. The twenty-seventh
livlsion, with 1 2,600 men, will em
bark in a Tew days. Both of these
Divisions were dn the British front.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 26. Deaths
n the navy f-om "war causes" total
1233, according to Information given
out by the department.
(By Associated Press.)
NEW YORK, Nov. 26. The de
monstration of soldiers, sailors and
marines, who attacked the socialist
mass meeting at Madfson Square
Garden last night peeved the police
who characterized the dlsplr.y as
'rowdyism". The police commissio
ner was emphatic of his denunciation
of the action of the uniformed men.
The meeting was broken up when so
cialists displayed-the red flag, which
had a maddening effect on the troops.
The police commissioner alleged his
denartment could handle the socia
lists, but he was somewhat reluctant
about starting a fight wltii the men
in uniform, so their charge on the
agitators was not seriously Interfer
ed --ith.
Mrs. Milton Church, formerly Miss
Tfnb0 WUson of this cltv Is reported
111 with the 'flu' at Marshfleld, where
nhe Is teaching school. Miss Jennie
rook Is also said to be suffering from
this malady.
Aviators Cut In atClose Range
N ,. ' and Used Machine
1 ' Guns. .
Heavy Itoiubs Brought into Play
Mighty Explosives, Loosened from
Great Hlght, Finished the -;
(ieromn In Short Order.
. (By Associated Press.)
IjONDON; - Oct.: 31. Correspond-
once of The Associated Press.) Oujj
from a dense fog- streaking the sea
shot a small dirigible called "blimp ,
manned! by three Allied flyers. Di
rectly in front of them a mile away,
was a U-boaf with Its conning tower
and decks well out of the water, says
an account of one of the most sue-
cessful encounters of a British air
craft with a German submarine.
Opening out his engine to its full
capacity, tho pilot stoered straight
for the German craft many of vhose
crew, were on deck. They had Been
the airship 'approaching and imme
diately brought a quick firing gun
into action. With shells bursting
about them ;the airmen puBhed on
and. soon were within effective ma
chine-gun range. ,
-The observer used IiIb gun to such
good effect that with one dmim he
accounted for the submarine's gun
crew.- Thereupon the Germaus, with
out waiting to rescue their wounded,
hegan hurriedly to submerge.
- Meanwhile the wireless operator
of the "blimp" was busy sending out
urgent signals to various patrol .boats
and submarine chasers known to be
in the vicinity.
Climbing to a hlght of about 1500
feet, the pilot now. got ready to use
the machine's heavy bomos. The U-
boat, although submerged was still
easily visible., and taking careful aim
through his ; Bights the - "blimp's
gunner pulled the trigger of. the re
leasing gear. ' m
The airship, released of a heavy
weight, Bhot -up like an express ele
vator in a New York skyscraper, bat
careless of its movements its occu
pants hung over, watching the bomb
sink swiftly until it- struck the wa
ter, -perhaps two hundred feet ahead
of the target.
When its fuse came into action,
a flash of lightning seemed to rip
through the dark depths of the ocean
and a ipeculiar brown, cloudy mass
enveloped! the fore part of the U-boat,
- It seemed, ages before tho. effect
of the explosion reached the surmce.
Then, like a geyser, the water shot
into the air. In the center of dis
turbance the gaping hull of the sub
marine slowly appeared andlts crew
could be seen leaping overboard.
By this time two British motor
launches were racing to the spot,
but they fortunately were far enough
away to escape the effects of r ter
rific explosion which now ocoured.
The magazine of the U-boat had
been fired, and. with, a succession of
mighty detonations the whole craft
was literally blown to pieces,.
The occujmits of the ''bllmp" were
badly shaken, but they escaped with
out injury. ... " '.
BUENOS AIRES, Oct. 31. Tho
Commercial relations between Brazil,
Uruguay, and Argentina have in
creased! so rapidly during the last
two years that steamship companies
are finding It Impossible to furnish
vessels enough to take care of this
trade. ,
Slnco European and American
markets have been closed to these
three South American republics, they
have round that they can furnish
each other with most of the products
formerly bought in other countries.
Plans are making to increase tne
shipping facilities between them as
soon as posible.
Tl annual Thanksgiving service
will take place tomorrow evening,
November 27, at the M. E. Church
south. Music will be in charge of
Mrs. Heinllne and the Liberty chorus,
and the sermon will he given by Rev.
j. B. Quick, of the Presbyterian
church. Come and Join ui.
School Children of America
Are Asked to Help Gov-
eminent Feed Europe.
During Tills World Relief Work Oit
' gon Schools Will Participate
Douglas County Will Observo
the Country's Call. ' .
The United States Food Adminis
tration is again asking the aid of the
school children in assisting in a pro
gram of food conservation, which is
as great as it was last year. Super
intendent J. E. Churchill advises the
schools of the state that there are
millions of women and children in
Europe who will Btarve now that the
war Is over, unless we practice the
same rigid economy as we dlu last
year and only through the schools
can this mesa ape be brought effective
ly to the homes, says Superintendent
The Food. Administration is ar
ranging for a special campaign dur
ing the first week of December, which
has been designated as "World Re
lief" week. - as a part of this pro
gram the administration 1b very de
sirous that they have the assistance
of all the public schools In the state
In putting on, in each Bchool room,
a short iprocram on "Foadl Day' which
will come on Friday, December Gtli.
.This program will be of a patriotic
"nature, the theme of which will be
that every pupil should share his
country's dealre to establish and
maintain Liberty and peace through
out the world. To acoinpllsh this
end, it will be a part of the duty of
the boys and girls of America to feed
the famished people of Ekirope In so
far as they can by practicing food
conservation. In this (program will
he natrlotic boiicb. aalution of the
Stars and Stripes, war Verses will be
recited. On the board the teacher
may place a "Hungry Map of Europe
nnd the "FookH Map of the World",
just to Bhovf the pupils the extent of
the need and the points which alone
are able to respond to the call of
hunger. An important factor which
will bo emlphaslzed in the program
will- be lists of food, which are
brought from a distance, found in
the local stores which will he requir
ed of each pupil. Then It will be
demonstrated by the teacher how
Uncle Sam may be helped when we
choose foods which do not heed to
be brought from a distance.
Herbert Hoover sends a letter to
the .boys and girls of America, which
reads in part as follows: Now that
the terrible war in over, you must
be glad that you helped to wiii- It
by saving fod for our soldiers and
our unhappy friends across the sea.
Lfiut our work of feeding hungry
people have been made free by our
victory, bfit they are in the greatest
danger of doath from starvation.
They look to America for food until
the next harvest.
We must go on saving am! sharing
with them as faithfully as ever. And
of course you will want to A'o your
part as you have been dping. We
have a greater task' than any of us
can imagine In saving the world from
Superintendent O. C. Brown Is
making iplans to extend thlB message
to the teachers of this county and It
is presumed that Douglas county will
obBerve "Food Day" programs as
planned by tne administration.
AMSTBuDAM, Oct. 17. (Cor-
rflupomience of the Associated ProsB)
The Geruian plot to incite Mexico
and Japan to -War against the United
Stntes originated with Horr von
Chemnitz, who boro the title of Le
gation Ccunibllr- and was employed
in a subordinate capacity in the Ger
man Foreign Office, It is now as
serted. This Is disclosed by Profes
sor Bonn, Rector of the Commercial
Academy at Munich, Bavaria, accord
ing to the Munich Neueste Nachrlch
ten. .'Von Chemnitz", says the Munich
newspaper, "Imagined himself an
authority on Latin-American affairs
and suggested the scheme to Dr. Al
bert ' Zlmmermann," then Oorman
Secretary for, Forelcn Affairs. Zim-
mormann discussed it with other For-
olgn office officials, but they thought
It unfeasible.
"Zlmraermann kept the matter In
mind. Presently, von Chemnitz camo
and told him that In the next few
days an especially reliable messenger
would leave for Mexico, to whom the
message could safely be entrusted,
ana that it was a matter of now or
nover. . -
"Zlmenunnn allowed! himself to
be over-persuaded and so the fatal
slop Was taken." ;
.Dr. Albert Ziinmermann on Janu
ary 19, 1917, directed the German
Minister, von Eckhardt, at Mexico
city to propose an alliance between
Germany, Mexico and Japan to take
onect us soon as it was certnin there
would he war between the United
States and Germany. The German
Minister was directed to urge Presi
dent Carranza of Mexico to ask. Ja
pan's adherence, to this scheme.
Zlmmermann proposed) that Mexico
should "rooonqver the lost territory
of New Mexico, Texas and Arizona.
- The German plot was onade public
by, the United States government In
February, 1917. Its disclosure was
one of the Btartllrj incidents which
liveceded America's entrance Into the
Professor iJorltz J. Bonn, director
of the Commorclal High Sohool at
Munich,, was lecturing In the United
States on German history and defined
German war aims In addresses de
livered here before the United States
bocame a belligerent. '
LA. PAZ, BOLIVIA, ' Oet. 31.
(Correspondence of The Associated
Press.) Influx of American capital
into the central republics of South
America for the development of vast
areas of hitherto untouched resources
has caused Bolivia and Paraguay to
nwnken to the realization of the pos
sibilities that He in the oisputed zone
which is known as the Great Chaco.
The boundary line between theue
two republics never has been fixed
definitely because of the wildmesa of
the country, but both nations have
been satisfied with going on record
m claiming all the zone and then
Roing about their daily business with
out forcing the issue, v.,
But now that great development
companies from the United States
are seeking concessions, the newspa
pers and public men are urging that
the old questlpn.jbo brought' up 'for
ilual settlement. Vrrr. -vl
The Great Chaco" Is a vast area
north of Argentina between the Pll-
comayo and Paraguay rivers. It is
claimed by both Bolivia and Para
guay, though both admit that their
claims are so large that they will
have to give up large nreas in the
final reckoning.
For several years Bolivia has been
preparing quietly for ;.he day of final
settlement, so that It is now in a
position to press the issue to advant
age. That country has constructed a
chain of forta at Intervals of twenty
miles, In direct wireless communica
tion with La Pas, put its army in
possession or the strip nnd settled
buck to wait for the argument which
now appoars to be approaching. ,
Sylmon Vnlley Parent Teacher As
sociation held a very Interesting
meeting at the Sylmon Valley School
house, Friday evening, November 22.
The officers for tho coining year are:
Mrs. ,C. W. Bradford, president: Mr.
Taber,, vice-president; Mrs. R. L. Tho
mas, sec-treasurer; chairman of pro
gram committee, Mrs. Ruth Ellis;
chairman of -magazine committee,
Mrs. Burgold; chnlrman of reception
committee, Mrs. Ashley Tabor; chair
man of press committee, Mr. C. W.
Bradford; chairman of play appara
tus, M. Roy Kills.
It was moved and seconded that
a service flag ibe purchased for the
school house; tho subject was dis
cussed at some length, and the mo
tion wub withdrawn, anidl another
made, to acertaln how many from the
district had gone to serve our coun
try, in the recent World's war, and
have their names Inscribed upon a
'Roll of Honor and have It framed
and hung in the school room, for the
benefit of future generations. Mias
Maclver was appointed chairman of
the Committee. :
Motion was made and carried that
a Xmas treat be given the children
on December 24. Motion made nnd
carried to not exceed JIG. 00 for pur
chase of candles and nuts. Miss Ehila
Davenport was appointed chairman
of Decorating committee.
Jt was decided that the association
meet but once a month this year on
the Friday nenreot the full moon.
The next meeting of the Red Cross
unit' will meet with Mrs. O. Martin
Wednesday afternoon. Meeting ad
journed to meet December 24th,
Mr. and Mrs. W. A. McDowell, of
Jefferson, who have been visiting, Mr.
McDowell's brother, Ben. McDowell,
for several days, left for Colfax, Cal.,
Inst night. The McDowells' will pass
the winter In California.
Republican Publicity Associ
ation Gives Out Astounding
Figures Expenditures.
With Ending of the War Probably
Half of the Vast Appropriations
. for the Fiscal Year dan Do
' Turned Bock. . '
, (Bj Asoociated Press.) ' i
WASHINGTON. Nov. 26. The Re
publican Publicity. Association, thru
its president, Hon. Jonathan Bourne,
Jr.; today gave out the following
statement from its Washington head
quarters: ' - . ,
"Senator Martin of Virginia, the ,
present chairman of the Appropria
tions Committee and the leader of
IiIb party in the Senate, Is. loud in ,
his declaration that an Immediate
retrenchment in expenditures must
be inausurated. He contents that ir
the present rate of appropriations is
continued the American people will
be "hewers of wood and drawers of
water"- for 1 generations. Senator
Martin's position is a commendable
one, and In carrying out his determi
nation to effect an immediate reduc
tion in the expenditures of the gov- .
ernment he will receive the whole
hearted coopera"on of his Republi
can assocltuos on the Appropriations
Commute' and his Republican col
leagues in the Senate.
"But while Congress Is animated
with, a desire to cut down future ap
propriations lot It not lose sight of
the huge amounts that have already
been authorized for the continuation .
of the war through another year. In
volving the equipment and support
of an army of o, 000,000 men for
that length of time. Since the be
ginning of the present fiscal year
Literally billions have been iiprooat-.
od on the-theory, that our military
power was to ue greatly augmented '
during the .winter, : ready for a I1!e-' '
cislve blow; in the spring. Instead
of increasing, our army will steadily
diminish as It is returned to the
United States and the men nre Bent ,
to their homes. In place of an in
tense production of guns and muni
tions in the winter months our fac
tories will be rapidly converted to
meet the demandB of peace. A very
Jnrge portion of our war fund will -
never be used for that purpose, and
It Is the Imperative duty of CongresB :
and Its present Democratic leaders
to see that aa much as (possible of
that sum Is saved nnd returned to
the Treasury for reapproprlatlon.
"Let us see what the possibilities
ire. In the first nine days of July
the Preahfont approved bills carrying
appropriations and authorizations of
$20,144,600,274.94, mostly for war
purposes. On November 4th, another
bill was signed adding (6,846,006,-.
ujb.04 to that nmount, hence ap
proximately 26 Vi billions of dollars
In military bi 11b alone have been ap
propriated andl authorized for the
war in addition to other Millions,
more or less directly connected with
the wnr, carled in other bills.
, "Included .' In the appropriation
Items were 2 V4 blllionn for new can
non and rifles, over 4 billions
for ammunition, over 1 billion for
aviation, almost 2 (billions for army
transportation, half a billion for
housing, barracks, navy yard exten-
nlon, ware houses, etc., 2 Vi billions
for army and navy pay, over 3 Ml-
lions for suslBtence,' clothing, . and .
njuartormaster 'uprdtesv over a bil
lion for engineer equipment and field
njperations, 1'. millions for horses,
100 millions for gas warfare, almost
half a billon for the medHcal crops,
200 mlliono for target practice, etc.,
etc. In addition to the appropria
tions additional contracts were au
thorized amounting to over 6V& billions.''-1'
" : i-.
"Tho expenditure of those huge .
sums was to be extended over the
entire fiscal year. ,. It Is highly Im
probable that more, than half of the
entire amount has been spent or ob
ligated, and It Is very possible that
much more than half of that amount
can be retained In the Treasury If
prompt and effective restraints are
mut upon the Executive Departments
hv Congress. From 6 to 10 billions
of dollars can be saved to the tax
nayers of the United! States if the De
mocrats now In command of the
government can be .brought to a pro
per realization of their responstblll- .
ties' . ....
Mr. and Mrs. F. L. Bond, who have
been In Portland for five weeks re-'
turned to Roseburg last evening. Mr.
and Mrs. Bond, who went to Portland
for a short vlBit, were stricken with
the "flu" soon after their arrival and
were unable to return home until