The evening news. (Roseburg, Douglas County, Or.) 1909-1920, November 19, 1918, Page 1, Image 1

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    Mjr f. nu .y.oita no ,iHJnii?on y.a.vt. y,vir.i Miir
Tull for a bigger, better
and more prosperous
Roseburg and Douglas
County. -
Tonight and Wednesday, Fair.
Highest temp, yesterday.- 57
Lowest temp, last night. 44
The Only Paper in Roseburg Carrying Associated Press Dispatches
VOL. IX. : '
NO. 278
v v
Asserts That Continue Harsh
Jerms Will Create Bolshe-
. . viki Element.'
Proposed Return of lux-Emperor May
Be Culmination of Plot to Trap
Allies Demand Made that
William be Seized. .
- (By' Associated Press.)
.-LONDON, : Nov. 19. A wireless
message addressed to the United
States, British, French and Italian
. governments was received here, stat
ing that Germany wants the armi
stice terms modified, so that the
people can enjoy economic Inter
course with the territory on the left
bank of the Rhine as before. The
wireless also asks permission for Ger
man owners to be permitted to ex
ploit their coal, potash and Iron ore
mines, and for the general free use
of the Rhine for transportation with
in the old) boundaries of the German
empire. ' Dr. Solf, the German for-
eign secretary, who sent the message,
further asks for free navigation via
Rotterdam and the ' sea coast for
purposes of properly provisioning the
empire, and wants (free and unre
stricted railway traffic In occupied
.territory. Dr. Solf suggests that the
old frontier be regarded as the cust
oms boundary. He declares that with
out these modifications of the armis
tice terms Germany will surely ad
vance 'toward a more or less Bolshl
vist comdttion, which might become
dangerous to neighboring states."
Solf also protests against a 'continua
tion of the bkclcade.",-'"'''
LONDON, Nov. 19. Rumors that
the former emperor Wllliaim may re
turn to Gormany is causing some
- thing of a stir here. Many news
papers anil some statesmen fear that
this Is another German plot to trap
the allies. There is quite a general
public demand that the former em
peror be seized' and further activities
looking toward a restoration of the
monarch prevented.,
AMSTERDAM, Nov. 19. A Berlin
telegram today states that the phy
sical crisis in Germany appears to be
over. Order Is maintained with an
Iron hand, and malefactors are being
punished! by Immediate execution.
LONDON, Nov. 19. The German
submarine fleet to be surrendered to
the allied navy passed through Kai
ser WUhelm canal today on the way
to England, according to Copenhagen
advices. '.
ARCHANGEL, Nov. 19. Bolshe
vik! resumed their attacks against
the American and British positions
afTulgas, on the Dvlna river. The
Russians were repulsed with severe
losses. -
WASHINGTON, Nov. 19. Secre
tary Baker today stated that there
has been no change in the Russian
and Siberian situation, from a mili
tary standpoint. No plans have been
made, either for the sending addi
tional U. S. troops or for withdraw
ing ony'troops now operating there.
first section ot the German fleet, to
be turned over to the allies under the
armistice terms, left the naval base
at Kiel for the North Sea on Sunday
LONDON, Nov. 19. The program
for the surrender of German war
ships is, that the fleet shaH leave the
German ports on Wednesday, and
proceeding to a point at sea, will be
taken over by the allies during
Thursday. King George and the
Prince of Wales will review the
grand fleet at Rosyth. Wednesday.
Later the fleet win tall for the ren
dezvous at sea assigned for the sur
render ceremony. -
PARIS, Nov. 19. An explosion at
Wnhn, several miles southeast of Co
logne, Germany, caused the death of
200 persons, aocondtag to reports of
the tragedy reaching here.
WASHRINGTON, Nov. 19. Frank
P. Walsh, joint chairman with ex-
President W. H. Taft of the national
labor board, has sent his resignation
to President Wilson. Walsh states
that since hostilities have ceased, he
desires to resume his law practice.
A card was received yesterday
from Jack Shields !by his mother,
Mrs. C. P. Shields, announcing his
safe arrival overseas. The young
man is with the 83rd Field Artillery
liand and has made rapid strides in
his .music, having been promoted to
second class musician, and plays the
3olo cornet with that organization.
He is probably one of the youngest
i-olunteers in the U. S. army, being
a little over 14 years of age nt the
time of his enlistment. He was sta
tioned at Fort McDowellfor over a
year, but garrison life was too slow
and did not measure up with his
Ideas of patriotism, consequently he
transferred' to the 83rd, then station
ed at Camp Donephan, Oklahoma, and
reached his desired goal a little late,
but in time to be there at least for
the shouting. '
The excecutlve committee of the
Douglas County American Red Cross
chapter composed of A. J. Lilburn,
Dexter Rice and W. F. Harris, met
at Roscoe Gree's office yestenday af
ternoon and appointed committees to
serve for the- ensuing year. The
chairmen of the following commit
tees were appointed, A. Wilder, of
the finance committee, Wl F. Harris,
of the membership committee, Dex
ter Rice, of the military relief com
mittee, H. C. Darby, of the canteen
committee, Ambrey G. Smith, of the
Junior Red Cross. Dexter Rice re
signed as chairman of the war fund
committee and his place as filled
by A. Gi Sutherland.
On (November 16, ft 10 o'olock at
the home of Mr. and Mrs. N. La Raut,
of Brockway, was solemnized the
wedding of Miss VIlea Hutchinson, of
Kellogg, and Mr. Vernon La Rault,
of Brockway. The living rooms were
beautifully decorated with yellow and
white Chrysanthemums and ferns.
Just proceeding the ceremonies Miss
Kathleen La Raiut, sister of the
groom, sang "When you mo truly
mine". Then to the strains of Men
delsohn's Wedding March the couple
took their place under a bower of.
green and the' very Impressive
ring ceremony was performed! by Rev.
Ramttna Slover, of Eugene. The
bride was most becomingly attired in
a blue tr.fteta gown. After a beauti
ful wedding dinner the happy couple
left for Broclcway, where they will
make their home. They received
many beautlDul gifts. The bride is
the oldest daughter of Mr. and Mm.
Ross Hutchinson, of Kellogg, and his
well known both In her own commu
nity and nt Wilbur, where she has
attended school for the last two
years. The groom Is the son of Mr.
and Mrs. N. La Raut, of Wilbur, and
for the last year has been on a. ranch
at Brockway.
The guests at the wedding were
Mr. and Mrs. Ross Hutohfnson and
daughters, Blanche and Lucy, Mr.
and Mrs. La Hoti't and daughter Kath
leen, Misses Lois Grubhe end Elcy
Was .Head of Mormon Church
For Many Years Rival
Died In 1914.
Missouri Mob Objected to Preaching
of Plurality of Wives Saw a
, Strenuous Time as a Boy in
Briglium Young's Army.
(By Associated Press.') ;
seph F. Smith, president of the
Church of Jesus ChrlBt of Latter
Day Saints (Mormon), died at his
home In this city early today follow
ing a Jong Illness from paralysis.' In
October at church conference he
spoke emphatically against polygamy,
which it was rumored had been sur
reptlously performed by some certain
members of, the church recently," al
though he personally refused) to aban
don his plural wives after the Ed
munds law began aperative.
Joseph Fielding Smith was pres
ident of the Mormon church, the
Church or Josus Christ of Latter Day
Saints, the seat of which Quit is in
Uta-h, though its members are scat
tered in colonies through the world
to the number of some 400,000. The
church Is 'ruled by council, but Mr.
Smith was its nominal head, and laid I
laira to the authority of the origin-!
al Mormon Prophet, Joseph Smith,!
his uncle. This, clo.iin was disputed
by several apostate organizations, In
cluding the Missouri branch, at the
head of which was Joseph Smith, son
of the prophet, who dleidl in 1914.
! With the death of both Smiths, has
massed probably the last of the Mor
mon leaders whose birth ocaurred
orior to the settlement of the cult
'n Utah. Joseph Fielding Smith was
50 years old. His father, Hyrum
'Smith, andl his uncle, the original
Prophet Joseph,' were shot to death
by a mob whloh stormed the jail In
Carthage, Mo., where the two were
confined shortly after they begin to
reach plurality of wives. When his
mother, with the rest of the Mor
mons, was driven from Nauvoo, 111.,
'.ho elKht years old Joseph Fielding
?niith drove an ox-team across the
ilalnn Into Utah and became a hend
joy. and then a missionary, when, in
1862, Brigham oYung established the
headquarters of the Mormon sect at
"lalt Lake CitK Utah. Ho was sent
in a mission to Hawaii when only
'.5 years old.
. He entered the army which Young
llspatched to Intercept the United
jtiates troops which were about to in
vade Utah; and perofrmed active ser
vice as a scout, harrassing the fed
oral expedition until the president's
-rodlamatlon endedl the "Morman
War." v '
Joseph Fielding Smith was an
-.vowed polygamlst. According to
'lis own testlmoy in the United States
senate lnqr'rv Into the case of Reed
3nioot, United States senator from
Utah, Smith had' five wives. It is
:ald his children numbered 43.
In 1890 , after the Supreme court
pheld the Edmunds-Tucker Act,
making polygamy unlawful in the
territories which resulted in the
'fupriBonmcnt of more .than 1,000
Mormons Prosldent Woodruff, of
the church. Issued a manifesto de
claring that polygamy was no longer
;ractlced by the Mormons. In public
admonitions, President Smith upheld
this manifesto, but as to his own
case, he said, before the Smoot in
quiry, that although it was contrary
to the law of the land, he hadl had
a iplural family for many years and
he preferred to meet the conse
quences of the law rather than to
abandon his children and their mo
thers. He testified that he had 11
children born since 1890, nd that
nit his wives had borne children
since that time, but he reiterates' that
no plural marrlrges had been per
formed by officers c' the Mormon
Church or sanctioned to be perform
ed by the church since 1890.
President Smith, like a number of
his associates was at various timer
subjected to prosecution and on one
occusston p, a flue of $300.
He directed 'vast business enter
prises in connection 'With his admini
stration of church affairs. In the
Inquiry Into the "Sugar Trust" he
told how the church had half a mil
lion dollars invested in sugar. .
' "Smith's private fortuno was also
reputed to be large.
Aside from his religious activities,
Smith was several tlmeB a member
of the Utah state legislature and of
the city council of Salt Lake City.
He was a widely-traveled man, hav
ing madle many trips to Europe. In
1874 he was sent to England as a
missionary and was so active with
the Mormon .propaganda that his
work, attracted w.lde attention.
Saturday afternoon after the final
report 'of indictments -to the court,
the Grand! Jury, accompanied by Di
strict Attorney Neimer, started on an
3xpeditlon to Winchester, where tholr
chief object and aim was to inspect
tho Flsii Way at the dam. Arriving
at the daim, they surprised two zeal
ous fishermen who were gaffing sal
mon at the rate of two .a minute.
The fisherman, all unconscious of the
threatening character of .the Intru
sion, made moves to fraternize with
the grand jury and district attorney,
discussed the ease with which salmon
could be captured with the gaff hook
r.nd the particular fine points about
these salmon, which lay palpitating
on the river bank. Waiving the
customary discusnion of granldl jury
Investigations, the foreman of these
dignitaries informed the lawbreakers
of their offlc'al occupation with the
result that a llvoly footrace took
place somewhere out nervr Win
chester about five o!clock Saturday
evening. If the truth must be told,
the grand jury assisted 1W.MrNenV
ner, gained rapiidlly on their prey and
had it not been for the prosence of
boat by the bank, in which the gaff
fishermen made their set-away across
Cig river, those same fishermen might
even now bo languishing in the Hotel
de Quine. So creat was the haste
of the departing law breakers, that
they neglected to pick u one of the
37 fine salmon, of which they had
been so prondl of a few moments
There has been considerable dis
cussion pro and con relative to the
lengthening of school days in order
to make up for the loss of time dur
ing the Influenza epidemic. It is
certain that much work . must be
made up. Superintendent O. C.
Brown advises that home study be
required of pupils each evening,
thereby placing responsibility on the
parent, who is most interested in the
welfare of the child. Mr. : Brown
says that this plan would bring the
teacher, pupil and home into closer
cooperation, which Is of BUch In
estimable value in the production of
satisfactory work. .
In the following communication
Is stated, that the lengthening of the
Roseburg school day is Illegal as the
maximum hours are now In effect In
the district:
Editor of the News: The Oregonlan
stated yesterday, that State Superin
tendent of Education Churchill warns
school authorities against overwork
ing the pupils to make up time lost
because of the Influenza. This seems
a timely suggestion. The time spent
In school ordinarily. Is lonig enough
to tire the nervous system of tho
children. There Is no need of high
pressure in this matter". Besides, the
school law of Oregon fix the school
hours from 9 a. m. to 4 p. m. with
ono hour for tecreatlon at noon. Tho
children under eight years are limit
ed to a 1114 hour limit. The direc
tors have power to shorten theso
hours, but not to lengthen them.
Mrs. D, McPherson. of northern
Minnesota, arrived in Roseburg lait
evening. Mr. McPherson has been
In the city since Jiune and it Is the
intention of Mr. and Mrs. McPherson
to make their permanent borne here.
Pennsylvania Lad Taken by
Huns and Made to
Work on Farm.
What Ho Saw Behind tho Lines Prov
ed! That Gorman People Ai d Ini- .
poverisjied by Uie Wi
Clotliing Scarce.
The first doughboy prisoner of war
lo escape from Germany after com
pleting the cycle ot experiences which
I'ufnll American captlvej of the
Boche is back ini France. He spent
two month and a half behind the
German lines, says Stars and Stripes.
He eaw men robbed or thai!' valu
ables and personal effects, even to
their Shoos. 'He went days without
food or water. He was beaten sever
al times by guards for trying to pick
grass from the roadside to cat. .
He worked14! and 15 hours a day
for the Boahe, first on military work,
laten on a farm, when, for. the most
part, the dally diet consisted! of two
meals of a so-called soup made from
grass and horse meat, a single piece
of -bread, and a substitute for coffee
which 'hardly discolored tho water in
which, it was made.
He went through the big intern
ment oamp at Rast&tt,, neon the
eastern Lonraino border, in which
were ; quartered several hundred
American prisoners. ; He saw It all.
and more; Hie saw something of life
us It Is todlay In Germany, and escap
ed wltlh his story. ; .: .'
It Is. a ar cry from Shenandoah,
Pa., to a shell holo north of Chateau
Thierry, France, but, given a year
and three months and a sacred cause
to defend, fate worilted it out iwit.h
the sarnie weird Incongruity with
which she has, In l)he lost year, shap
ed so many destinies. ' . j
Suddenly B Company found the
Boche. There was the roar of a
dozen machine guns opening from
concealed positions, a few. shouted
commands, tho explosion of A score
or more ihand igronades' Savlckl
passed the signal back to C Comp?ny,
and dropped into the shelter of a
shell hole. A few minutes lator he
was joined by a corporal and a pri
vate of B Company. That company
had fallen back to C Company's Hue,
they explained, and they had been
cut oft. So, they had crawled into
the hole In what hadl suddenly be
come No Man's Land to await an
opportunity to join their comrades.
This was about 2 o'clock in' the
afternoon. At. 3 o'clock the carporoil,
peeping over the edge of the shell
bole In an effort to locate the Ameri
can positions, received three bullets
In the head. He died Instantly.
For two hours Saviokl and the
other private sat In the hole. Then
the sooond private said, "We might
ss well make a run for it; we'll be
killed anyhow."
Savlckl agreed. They started. Tho
secod private was killed by machine
gun fine before lie was fairly out of
the hole. Savlckl dropped! back un
harmed. Savlckl continued his wait alone.
Once he put his helmet on his bayo
net, and held It above the edge of
tho hole, to draw It back u moment
dator with six bullet holes In it.
That decided him, that escape in
daylight was Impossible.
He waited until nlghtfWl, but as
he was about to chance'the getaway
In the darkneas, seven Germans sur
rounded his hole with fixed bayonets
ami) took him prisoner.
Savlckl was taken a mile to the
roar to the support trenohes, which
wore filled with Germans. He was
turned over to an officer who spoke
"How many Americans are In
France?" asked the officer.
"Five million," replied Savlckl.
. "How many American soldiers aro
there In the United States?" queried
the German.
"Ten million," said the Tank.
The captain was Impressed by
those round estimates. He was is
Impressed, that lie gave Savlckl a
shove which sent 'him to the ground.
J Vltaus!'! exclaim J the officer. '
' .. Goodbye, Tlireo Francs. .
Savlckl was taken, two mllo3 fur.
ther to the rear. He was loikdd In
a loom of a French farm house after
the Germans had seoirchedi him and
taken' t)Hee francs in sliver, his
watch, a safety razor, and hW spiral
puttees. Savlckl had )had almost
nothing to eat for two days prior
to hih rapture.. His water had given
out several hours before he was
taken. But his request for food
from his captors were disregarded.
They "left him in the farm house
for two days. - There was no artlclo
of furniture in the room, the only
window was boarded up. . f.
On Hie morning of the third day
came two Germans. They made
eigne that the captive was to accom
pli" them. Then started a hlkt
which lasted all that day and all the
next ni(,;.t, and ended at dayliuht of
noxt night, and ended at daylight of
the seconidl day at Laon.
Four days Savlckl had been with
out food, but when he asked one of
his guards for a piece of bread the
latter only waved! his rifle threatlng
ly at lilm. They did, howevor, allow
htm wtater before they started. AH
the way to Laon the two Germans ac
companied tholr lone prisoner.
At Laon, weak from fatigue and
hunger, Savlckl was iptut la prison
barracks in whloh were quartered
several hundred other Americans,
French, British and Italians. The
barracks hadl been conlvertea from
some large public building and was
surrounded, by a barbed wire fence.
On the morning of hte arrivel, three
dlays and sixteen hours after his
capture, Savlckl was given his first
All ; the prisoners wore lined up
and every seventh mian was handed
a chunk i of black, eour German war
brend, weighing throe pounds. This
was the dally ration Tor seven men.
The mnnVto wihom it was handed
shored it equa'lily, with Six comrades.
To supplement this, holt a can of
liquid was .given each man. Savicki
thought it was hot water until It was
explained that it was supposed to be
.coffee. : Whatever ingredient it bad
been maUle of hadn't destroyed the
transparency of the war.
For a month and a hnflf Savlckl
was at Laon, and this is how he de
scribes his stay there:' .
; "There were several hundred pris
oners,' about 60 of whom were, Ameri
cans. We worked every day from
7 o'clock In the morning until 8 or 9
o'clock at night. We were divided
Into small gangs of from, six to
twelve to work on the roads, on the
railroads or unloading supplies. Al
ways ; there weue.. almost ; as . many
guards as prisoners. If they Bent
(olght men out, they had five or six
guards. -
1 Long Walk to Job.
"We haffl to walk ono, two or three
miles to our Job, and usually we
worked hard. Sometimes we would
get a good bunch of sentries , who
woud let us reBt occasionally, but
mostly we were made to work hard
nnd all the time. Those who did
not work were beaten by the sontrlos
with their rifle butts.
"Every morning we wore given
our bread ration three pounds for
seven men. At morning nnd nt night
we were given a can of the so-called
coffee. At noon we were given soup
made of some kindl of grass and
horse meat. There never was much
meat In it, thomgh. This noonday
Issue was the only pretense of a
meal of the whole day. I lived on
It for a month and a half, but I don't
know how I did it.
"In the mornings and at night,
inarching to and from work, wo used
to try to gather grass along the road
side. We wouldl take this back to
camp with us and make soup of It.
The Frenchmen cookod It in tlio pris
on yard, flavoring It liberally with
s.jlt. Salt Is tho only thing In Ger
many, so far as I know, of which
they hod plenty.
"But only Infrequently would the
nuards lot us gather grass. Usunlly,
If we tried it, they would attack us
with their rlflo butts. Twice I was
struck across the back for this
No Hods, No Illnnkcts.
"Living conditions whore terrible.
There were no beds In the barracks
and none of us had blankets. We
(Continued on page 4.)
Increase In Water and Light
Rates Discussed and Re
ferred to City Atty.
Uonds To Be Issued For t4,B20.7n
Comownication From Director
' General McAdoa 1nReferedC
.: " . Public Improvements.
At a meeting ot the city council
last night it was voted that the or
dinance for bonding the city for
rtreet Improvements on Hamilton. St.,
Rose street, and the sewer, :Fllnt's
addition, ue pnosod. The amount of i
the bonds issued will be $4526.75.
The matter of the increased water
and light rate was brought before the
council and the matter wns referred
to city attorney I.' B. Riddle and Re
corder Whipple for investigation.
This report will be considered at the
next bl-monthiy meeting of tho coun
cil. Al. Creason, chairman of the
health and police'' committee reported
that the committee had mode the
rounds of the bakeries, restaurants
r.nd confectionary, stores, and that
they were all found to be in fairly .
good sanitary condition. '
With the exception of the discus
sion of the following communication
from W. G. McAdoo, director general
ot the railroads, there was no further
business transacted by the council:
First, whereever street or road
construction aniul other public Im
provements are contemplated by the
ruthorltlos in any state, county, di
strict -or municipality,- for-wMch a
portion of th cost in an amount ex
ceeding $500 lit to be charged against
any railroad under federal control,
the authorities ore roquested to take
Die matter up with, the federal ma
nagement of the road directly In
terested and secure the concurrence
of the Railroad Administration in aiaf
vance, . , , , : : '
Second, in the event this is not
done, the director general will re
lerve the rignt to decide whether or
not he will participate la. tho pay
ment. , ; ;.).: ' ' ". ?
Third, . It . is. not the attitude of
the director general to appose con
struction of this character whloh Is
meritorious and essential, The di
rector general feels, however, that in
the present stress as to the essential
labor and material supply all work
of this kind which can bo postponed
without Injuiy, should not be under
taken, and the railroad should not
be expeotod to participate In the pay
ment unless the expenditure Is In
dispensable. . V. '
Having been four years In Siberia
ns a member of the Canadian army
r.nd having frozen both limbs to tho
hnees In the cold tundras of the
north, has been the experience of
Patrick O'Brlon, who Is passing the
(lay in Roseburg. Mr. O'Brien en
listed nt tho oponlr.g of the war four
years ago at Toronto, Canada, which
is his home. He Mas sent at once to
Siberia, being an expert rifleman.
With the oxception of the last six
months,' when . America has been
shipping unlimited supplies of cloth
ing and foodstuffs Into Siberia, theso
Canadian and English soldiers suffer
ed untold agonies because or the ex
treme cold, to which they wore so
unaccustomed. Mr. O'Brien stated
that a large majority of the soldiers
ruffored from frozen limbs, because
of Insufficient clothing.
This freezing of the human body
takes place very rapidly, sail Mr.
O'Brien, "many times a man would
ho frozen to the hips In ten or 15
minutes before he could be taken to
a place of sholter."
Mr. O'Brien has been in the United
Plates for four months and is at pres
ent on his way to Sin Francisco.