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About The evening news. (Roseburg, Douglas County, Or.) 1909-1920 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 23, 1909)
THE EVKN'INfl NEWS THI'HSIUY, iKOKI11KR 2 ttMIO
COAL LAXI1S STKAI.,
OUR STOCK IS COMPLETE
Juhu K. Ijitlirojt fit Mt'CIupes Maga
zine lulls the Slory.
The January rumher of McClures
Magazine has an interesting story
about the methods employed by land
K rubbers and coal barons, and In part
Mr. Lath rti says:
NEW 1909 CROP
SEEHKI IUISIXS, SMYKXA FIGS, 1JLEACIIE1) SULTA.V HAISIXS,
SOFT-H SE LLED WALNUTS. ClltHAXTS, CITltO.V, OHANUE VEIL,
I.EMO.V I'EKL, HEINZ MIXCE MEAT, HEIXZ Al'l'l E BITIEH. I'UitK
MAI'LK SVUl'P, APPLE CIllKlt.
Give Us a Call
For Christmas Gifts
1 ounce LAZELL'S "PERFECTL'S" Violet In elegant silk
lined box, 2.75.
2 ounce LAZELL'S VIOLET ELECT in handsome package
1 ounce LAZELL'S "PERPETUS" In beautiful package 2.50
2 ounce "LAZELL'S" In silk lined box IJ.1.75.
HUDNOTS celebrated perfumes In odors Chrysis.
VIOLET EAN DE ESPAGNE, White Rose, Hleliatrope, all In
elegant packages 25c to $1.50.
HUDNOT S and LAZELL'S Toilet Water 50c to $1.50.
PERFUMES all odors In fancy Japanese boxes 25c to 50c.
CHILDREN'S PERFUMES In all odors, nttractlve Loxes 25c.
SELECT and fine assortment of military, brushes lialr,
brushes, mirrors, safety razors and manicure sets and single at
ROSEBURG PHARMACY, Ihc.
See the Cook's beaming face as she gazes on a
can of Folder's Golden Gate Coffee.
She knows her boss will like her Coffee.
She will grind Folger's Golden Gate herself, so that it will be
at its best and give that finishing touch so necessary to a good
- Folger's Golden Gate Coftce is the best we sell
and gives our customers more satisfaction than any
other coffee- we know of
Alton S. Frey
COME IN AND WE WILL ASSIST
YOU' IN SELECTING YOUR PRESENTS
Our'stocK is large and Better than ever
Australian and German Decorated China.
Rugs and Draperies.
Children's Carts and RocKers.
Chiffioners and Dressers.
Center and Library Tables.
Morris Chairs and RocKers.
Coaches and Lounges.
Space is too limited to name the many beautiful
articles that will please you. Come in and see.
ROSEBURG FURNITURE CO.
Headquarters for Celebrated Columbia Graphaphones, Doable DUcs and
"In 1901, prospectors for sit found
a billion dollars' worth of coal in
southern Alaska. Thiv we-e look
ing, without nmcli luck, for oil wells,
when the Indians and squawmen took
a few of them bark into the glaciers
aim showed ttiem the mountains ot
coal along Boring river known to
the lH'al tribes for years. Nowhere
else on the face of the earth has any
thing like thete mountains ever ben
discovered. They are masses of tilted
rock from 1000 to 4000 fet-t high, cut
across from one end to the othet with
seams, ftom & to &0 feet thick, of the
highest class of btttimluo is and an
thracite coal. The people having in
side information on this land wore
naturally nnxiens to secure title lo it,
away from the United Stntes govern
ment, which owned It.
Congress has been giving coal
lands for 35 years, but while extend
ing the coal land laws to Alaska had
careloEBly failed to remember tha it
could only give away surveyed lands,
and theBe were unsurveyed, hence ail
that would be grabbers could do wp
to take possession and hold the lands
till a new land law could be passed.
Various groups of capitalists made ef
forts to get possession, the best ter
ritory, containing more than 200,
000,000 tons of coal, being taken by
a group called the "politicians' syndi
cate," whose manager was ex-Mayor
Harry White of Seattle, a "power-ot-attorney"
PowerB of atttrney wnre ohtglnd
by hundreds, from al sorts of people,
one stock-selling concern operating
In Portland, headed by a banker and
an owner of a leading newspaper.
There were finally 950 of these pow-er-of-attorney
claims, covering the
whole Berii:g river coal fiHris, not 5
per cent of he claimants ever having
been near that locality. The fight
was for the most wonderful coal dis
trict in the world.
it Is the only frlst class bituminous
and anthracite coal on the Pacific
coast; from the Bering river district
railroads can be built to the sea, not
more than 110 miles long, over per-
factly level counu-y: ntic, aeeording
to a published statement by Alfred H,
Brooks. hn(t of the government's
geological survey work( in Alaska,
there are 6,000,000,000 tons of it In
both fields more than one and a
half times all the coal that has ever
bef.n tairen out of Pennsylvania. Two
thirds of this has been filed npon by
these claimants that is, as mnch coal
has come from the mines of Pennsyl
vania. Mr. Brooks estimates it to be
worth $1 a ton as It lies; that is
Alaska people objected and pro
tested,, but got no satisfaction until
1904, when the demand became irre
sistible, and then the Cunningham
group, composed of millionaires, took
the lerid. Cunningham was the man
ager, and according to one of his
memoranda, Senator lleyburn wr.s t'
get a KiO-aere claim, t worth prehaps
$1,500,000, for legal services, The
coal land law provides that any citi
zen or prospective citizen of the Uni
ted Stntes is entitled to take one 1i0
acre tract of coal land at a nominal
price, and no more. So association
or company of men can take more
than 040 acres of this land a privil
ege allowed to fosr "r more men who
have spent $50 ' i" '"nprovements on
this square mt' land.
This law lertl to wholesale per
'lury nnd the lands Invariably pass in
to the hnnds of great corporations,
llevburn sought to have the law
chnngfd in the interest of the syndi
cate, but was not Mtecesafui. Then
the crovernment got busy prosecuting
land iraud cases, and rtoosevelt held
up all these coai land claims.
By this time the Guggenheim syn
dicate had become the greatest mo
nopoly of its kind In America, and
as far nnd fast as possible acquiring
these Alaska coal lands. In 1S05 the
GtiKgenheims secured control of the
great Bonanza copper mine In soirn-
err Alaska, and Omn begnn to rea?-l 1
out for this enorm- i "ai field, and j
they bought out (" i ' -hts as to coal j
Innds. a railroad r.ad n harbor of an
With posses?!'' -i rf the only feasi
ble harbor, that if lrdova, and with
their Copper -'vt" railroad alreadv
hullt over a thir l rf tho district to the
field, the Onggenhelms hold an ab
solute key to transportation. Several
spwial agenJs siircpssiveiy reported,
at firM. that these Cunninglmm-fiue-s;enheim
claims were frauc.uipnt or il
legal, during or prior to the time that
i. A. Baliinger of Seattle was rr.m
mipHionrr of the general Hurt ofih-e.
and ho appointed Louis R. Oiavis to
mnko a further and special report.
InilueritiaJ men got busy, and Ghtvis.
who found the claims fraudulent, wan
Ballinger, after ecaefng to be land
j fommlssloncr, became attorney for
the Cunningham clnimums, and espc
eiallv for the White group. On bp
coming secretary of the interior Pal
linger turned :hls business over to hi
turccssor as IpikI commissioner, Fred
DonnMt, who had hon Senator Hans
brough's private secretary, and lator a
land office official and real estate
speculator in Seattle. Om speHa!
ie.nt, I.ove, had at first reported the
claims frau'Julant, hut later modified
On January 4, 1908, a totecram,
siened by Commissioner BalHrn-er
tt-ns sent to !,ove in Alaska, askim:
him to pend the plats of the runninir
hnm clnitns required for issuing "pa
tent." the last approval still reriuir-
I ed from the sovern'ment for fb'se
claims. On January 7. Asm?tnm
Commissioner Dennett notified OlaviH
f,ov report. Olavls. having some
that the Cunningham claim?- had been
annrovpd for patent on ih la'ter
knowledge of the evidence against
thes claims, protested at nnr by tel
egram nnd letter. Immediately after
the order to "clear-list" the Cunning
ham claims for "patent" was revoked
bv th land offlcp. Then the claim
ants sought to get legislation needed
by them through congress.
BVKKV YKAH STYIiKii KKKM TO lMl'KOYB AXI KYKKY T1MK TilK THKIOTMAB BK.48QX
HOrXSAriOtNl, WKCAX SAYrwillT ALL liXKKT TIlIt WW HTIM'K IS MlVitKATrHAtn'iYB
THAN" THK YKAR MKI-OHH. THIH YKAH IX IA JtTICl'LAH VK IIAVK : ISKKX SlIIHiTL IX
SKt-litlXU MANY 8THHTLY MIW ASH ISKl-l L MMCS.
Solid Gold, plain and engraved,.,
Gold Filled, plain and stem set.,
For both ladies and gentlemen, with detachable
and folding frames. The artistic and servlcaMe
3.00 to $15.00
, Gold Filled,
Some ot the newest
For both ladies and gentlemen; rlbhon, gold
filled, solid gold. The latest patterns.. Crt
and up. piJy
Ours Is fit once recegnis
ed as the best. In email
pieces at f 1 50 to large tea
sets at $25,00
Va&?s, Plates, cups
and gaugfirs AA
and up, ipA.UU
Ve have a fine line and certainly can do the'
engraving to suit the most particular,. All In solid
A good diamond is a constant pleasure, A poor
one a tonstBiit dlsnpiiotntmettt. We have thorn in
nearly all hinds of gold Jewelry. Prices from
and up, P3
This Is one of oar strongest lines, A watch
from llKY'S fa always recognised as a good waten
and fully guaranteed,
$1.50 to ?5.00 '
Match safes. Sterling
Pocket combs 75C
Thimble and sewing sets 25C
Grip tags. Sterling. ..... $1.00
Cigar cutters 1.00
tfappia' Vaaag, bowel s
salt and peppers &t
New styles silver and gold $1.00 f O $10.00
Smoking sets and cigar Jars. A Bue lot to make
good presents for smokers. fl C A
and up. pl.W
rTTTTVCI The Jeweler
I1UJL X O
VI On Cass St.'
g RICE RICE, THE HOUSE FURNISHERS
Ncw'sthe time to
Buy Your Xmas
Gifts. Shop Early
and get first choice
Bettor, bigger than ever
is our display of osefuljgifts
odd pieces furniture, book
cases, desks, dressers, buf
felts, sida boards, china
closet, combination cases
lounges, couches, davenports,
settees, parlor sets, chairs
the Rye." That's
the tune you'll step
to if you should
fail to shop early.
machines, ranges, kitchen
cabineUt Everything to make
merryj the horns, Cuttlery
alf kinds, 1M7 Rognn llrua
ailvtsrwear at jrfera llow
them ail. Carveru, roasters
and coffre percalatora.
A pleasant thought, a wice suggestion, a timely hint. Swell lto?kc, Morris chaire. Couches anil
Davenport?, liufFetts, China Closete, Itinera and extension tables 11? Roger liros. Silverware. The
atest CotFee 1'erculator, Kize 1-3
We Never Forget
the Little Ones
Little red chairs, ilollie go
carts 50 cents yp, toy dishes,
tiy tables, toy stoves, knives
and forks ami ehiids sets
rocier., high chairs, black
boards, toy bmk, air guns
for buys, toy banks and game
There will be something doing if you
selected marked and laid away for yon
wait too long. Mail orders promptly attended to. Goods
Be wise Read The New.