The Dalles weekly chronicle. (The Dalles, Or.) 1890-1947, September 29, 1900, PART 2, Image 1

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NO. 35
a Obsolete Provision of the State Con-
stitatiou Prohibits Negroes Livio-j,
Vutioj, or Owning Heal Estate
Salem, Spt. 24. Governor Geer la Iu
receipt of a communication from David
Millborn, of Parsons, Kin., making iu-
quirv as to the rights of the negro an I
niullatto, under tne constitution of
Oregon. It seeuis that Kansas politic
ians are making capital of the obsolete
eeclion of Oregon's constitution, pro
hibiting the colored man from voting.
"It is claimed in Kaueas, so Mr. Miil-
burn states, that the condition of the
negro in Oregon is woree than it ia in
the south, and that a colored man; i
prohibited from voting, living in or
paesiug through the state. As similar
inquiries have been received from the
east recently, toe governor touay an
swered Mr. Millborn.
He said :
" 'No free neurn or mulatto, not re
siding in this state at the time of the
adoption of the constitution, shall come,
reside or be within this state, or hold
any real estute, make any contracts, or
maintain any suit therein. And the
legislative assembly shall provide by
iienai laws for the removal by public
I officers of all such negros or uiulattoes,
'j and for their effectual exclusion from
J the state, and for the punishment of
f nnv.i-tna a hn fitlll Kt-irif. thllin 1 11 tliu
state, or employ or harbor them.'
"At the time of the adoption of the
constitution, in 1858, this set-lion was
submitted separately, and the popular
vote was 8040 in its favor and 1081
against In. That was in the (rood old
demociatic dave, when the Vdiviue"
institution of slavery, handed down to
tliut generation by the authors of the
Declaration of Independence end their
co-workers, was In the prime of its
growing power, and Oregon had been
largely settled by people who had foil
its blighting influence. So that, while
an amendment in favor of slavery wis
voted down at the same election by a
vote of 2645 in favor of and 7727 against,
the Krctioii for the expulsion of tree
negroes was adopted, probably as a com
promise, and, as viewed from this datp,
a disgraceful concession to the slavery
"Our constitution stands today as
adopted in 1858, in every respect, al
though nia7:y efforts have twin niadi! to
amend it in several particulars, and ?o
fixed in this respect does the public
mind seem that it ie doubtful if it will
ever be amended in any way. Five
amendments were submitted to a popti
lar vote lust June, and each was over
whelmingly defeated, and among them
was one to repeal the free negro section.
Some of them appeared to have real
nierit, but the sentiment of the people
seems to be to let our constitution alone
until the time comes for a constitutional
convention, which would have been
called several yeurs ago, m donbt, but
(or the appearance of populism and
(ilverism, and now that Bryanism has
become the paramount issue in Anieri
can politics, our people will object to
undertake the forming of new consti
tution until these latter-day heresies
have bad their run.
"The free negro section of our consti
tution is as Imperative as the tariff law
of 18'8, and was from the beginning. It
wis never enforced nor was any attempt
ever made to enforce it. Every negro in
thie state has as many privilege as any
bite man, and always bad. The at
tempt of your democratic speakers to
Wake capital of this obsolete reminder
of democratic days only illustrates the
empty condition of their campaign lock
er. When your disarmed Kansas dem
ocrat compares our constitution with the
condition of the negroes in the southern
states, just refer him to Senator Till
man's speech in the senate February 2ft,
of this vear, Congressional Record, page
2245 : 'When that happened we took
the government a ay. We stuffed I tie
ballot boxes. We shot tliem. We are
't ashamed of it. Ho we called a con
stitutional convention, and we eliminat
ed, as I saiil. all the colored i.eonle
horn we could, under the 14ih and 15th
"There you see the difference between
the condition of the negroes In Oregon
nd in the southern states where Mr.
Bryan wi'l gel most of his electoriui
votes in the con let t where bis heart
bleeds, every day for government which
derives Its powers from the consent of
the governed."
recline in Itlltfr.
Hash-ion, Ph., Sept. 24. Bittalion
"i Eighth regiment, arrived at McAdoo.
the nearest point in Sknvkiit county to
Hazieton, early this morning. Lieu-Unant-CVoRol
Hutchinson, iu com
mand, snij he was ordered to make a
demons' ration by marching bis rneo
thriiih McAii.o and the surrounding
towns. Efh man carried twenty round
of ammunition. Troop were received '
by :n'.a rant with evidences of enmity. !
Many jeered them. Or.e woman, after!
the troops had passed, shouted to a!
! group of (iien: "If vou don't shoot
wmie oi trxse tellowi yon are no g-xd."
Edward G. McGeehan, the Burgess of
the town, declared the action of General
Gob!u in send:cj soldiers then was an
on tragi-J th town was teaceab,
"I stun! not be responsible for anv
overt act committed in this town while
the troops are here," he said.
i ne enure uax.eion region was ex
tremely quiet thie morning.
louay was expected to witness eitner
a big brenk anion? the strikers or the
going out of r large additional number
of workers, but Deither happened.
Answer to a Frantic Kansas Xe?to
Brvanite Editor.
Sai.em, Sept. 2(i. Oregon' obsolet
Section of the constitution relative to
colored people seems to be a burning is
sue in the Kansas state election. Gov
ernor Geer is in receipt of another letter,
enclosing him a copy of the Colored
Citizen, a democratic papei published
at Topeka, by a negro, w hich has kept
standing the obnoxious section from
Oregon's constitution with the heavy
blHck-letter beading : "Oregon's Biack
Lhw. Worse Than Disfranchisement,
or Tilliuauteu.. That Mate tiave inc
Kinley 10,00') majority, and Refuses to
Repeal the Following Law." Governor
Geer answers the last letter and refers to
the newHpaper in question in the follow
nig characteristic style:
"Your leiter of the 21t inst., with i
copy of the Colored Citizen, of Topeka,
ia at hand. I had just received a similar
letter from a gentleman in Parsons, Kan
calling my attention to the desperate
straits to which the democrats of Kansas
are reduced for campaign material.
will enclose to you a copy of my answer
to him.
In addition to that letter I win!) to ear
tnat the mental depravitv of the negro
w ho will, for any reason, justify the
treatment of his race in the Southern
stales by what this editor calls 'T'llman
ism,' is past comprehension or character
izition. 'Tilltr.anism' stops nowhere
short of the admission made by rTanator
Tillman himself in the senate this year
when fie declared that 'We stuffed the
ballot-boxes, we shot them and we are
not atdiamedof it.' Your Colored Citizen
9.1 vs that this obsolete section of our
constitution is 'worse than disfranchise
ment or Tillmanism.' But the difference
ia that that section of our constitution
was never enforced, while 'Tillmanism'
is, and whatever else is not known by
the average voter of this country, be
docs know that this section was repealed
and rendered null and void by the
adoption of the 14th and 15th amend
ments to the Federal Constitution. The
principle of the 'consent of the governed"
in its larger and truer s Dse is In opera
tion everywhere in this country save in
that portion where Mr. Bryan will re
ceive nearly all of his electorial votes.
"I desire to say, further, In regard to
this Kansas matter, that since discover
ing that you have a negro in your state
who is so unappreciative of the great
privileges conferred upon himself by the
republican party as toimlorse and apolo
gize for the treatment of bis race in the
Southern states, I believe it should have
this obsolete section of our constitution
engrafted into its own organic law and
rigidly enforced. I would be in favor of
enforcing it here if we had such negroes."
Nail Accident at linker t'ltj.
Bakf.u City. Kpt. 20. The 2-yeur-
old ilanghter of Mr. and Mrs. Charles
Marcus died this morning from Injuries
receive I yesterday afternoon In a very
peculiar manner, A neighbor, In pass
ing the house, discovered the criilil
bunging bv its neck from the swing in
the shed at the rear of the Marcos house,
and which was used for the amusement
of the children. It is supposed that the
little one had either attempted to climb
into the sw ing or had been left sitting In
it bv some of the older children, and
had slipped, twbtmg the rc.p" about her
When found the child's feet were just
oil tho ground and its body cold. A
physician resuscitated the child to life,
but it went into spasms and died this
p LAilLU i n that dar.anJ Das Dcen trai.eo
I up t he mountain.
This explains away the apparent ab
j surdity of a man shooting himself from
Fever Men Workia? Today Than Anvjbip npward to side with a Winchester.
Time Since The Strike Began.
riitNANMAii, i a., rx-pi. ."Mxieen
"""" - -
,u " " '"owu " "'J
w hicii extends fourteen miies along
Broad Mountain. The actiou of the men
is a surprint? to the military and the mine
owners. It was entirely unlocked for
and has given renewed courage to the
strike leaders. They declare that the
mine workers around Shenandoah have
gone out on a fvoi pathetic strike.
Tbe presence of the uiiiitia is believed
to have caused tbe present condition of
affairs. The rioting foreigners Lave
struck and will not work'. Tbe American,
English, Welsh and Irish emplovea are
not thoroughly organized and were at
work last week nntil iutimidated by the
foreigners, composed of Hungarians,
Poles, Lithuanians and a half a dozen
other nationalities. A chance to work
guarded by the troops was given thorn,
but the would not accept it. They fear
bloodshed and do not want to t.i be
drawn into any affray. Remaining away
as they do they have added to tbe
strength of the strikers.
The situation is extremely critical.
One overt act may precipitate a crisis.
The strike leaders are taking every op
portunity to add to their numbers. Ap
parently tbe men who had determined
to continue work are now thoroughly
frightened, and it ia doubtful whether
the Reading or any other company in
this valley will succeed in starting up its
mines with anything like a complement
of men for many days.
The authorities have received warning
of empending trouble around Hazleton
and desire to move some of the troops in
that direction. It is now admitted that
the number cf soldiers sailed out was
not too many and the Ninth and
Thirteenth regiments have been ordered
to lie ready to march at a moment e
In Shenandoah, Mahanoy City and
other places the foreign element are out
in the streets in" full force, most of them
wearing their Sundav clothes. Thev are
said to be letter off than any other class,
becausa iuo?t of them have money and
can live. Thev do not care bow long the
strike lasts and niacy will quit the
regions entirely.
His Reply to Germany Identical With
That of the United States.
London, Sept. 25. Lord Salisbury bas
replied to tbe German note in terras
identical with those of the United
States., Sept. 25. The foreign office
officials here inform the Associated Trees
that Russia and Japan have forically
answered the German note, particularly
emphasizing their agreement to the
proposition to have the ministers desig
nate the guilty.
London, Sept.
25. According to a
received here from Berlin, the
Russian and Japanese replies to Germa
ny s proposal, received yesteruay, as
serted that Russia "as-sent In princi
ple," while Japan's an "em
phatic approval."
Tie This, Sept. 23, via Takn, Sept.
24 LI Hung Chang will proceed for
kin in a few days. He remains un
der close Russian guard and access to
him is dillicult. In the course nl a con
versation with a representative of the
Associated Press, Karl LI said be did
not believe that an early settlement of
the difficulty was probably because of
the number of nations to tie treated
with, and did not think the attack upon
the Pei Tang forts complicated the situ
Annum! a More Heueetloiiel I'haMC,
i i-jiPTKK, Spt. 24. Another and
equally plansihle story of the recent
trsgedy near the Bunker Hill nr. I tie is
Kane's version, w hich he has just given.
Ha claims to have returned from bird
shooting that Wednesday morning to
find another man in his wife's bed. In
the ec.illU that ensiled his gun was dts- I
charged, killing the little girl and j
wounding bis wife. Hi lied to hirt
brother's for another gun, but
was pursued and shot just as he had
gotten in through the window. He only
remembers tho burning of the cabin led j
him to stagor out and sink, exhausted I
where he wai found. The man wai;
masked, but hit description fits a neigh- J
: boring prospector, who bat not been J
J J;Uil? b" '". been mentioned,
and rur-ent report seems to think thej
' feeling was wed founded. The wife's i
stcrr is her natural
defense, and is at
.variance with every material point in
! Kane' statement. The man is dying
i '
', and bas received the last rites of his
! church. '
The blackened body of the little girl
has been taken to Waynetown for burial.
The burning of ttie cnbin, nnder this
theory was to conceal the doable crime.
The coroner's jury, i.1 their verdict,
found that the little girl came to ber
death from bullet from a gun in Fred
Kane's bands, but the jurymen are not
all convinced as to bow tbe shot came
to be fired. The coroner may cause the
inquest to be reopened and continued
The strongest corroboration of Kane's
story is in the fact that Father Pesrua
rais visited him and administered tbe
last rites of the church. To secure this
lie would have to make a confession of
his sins, and on his deathbed such
ceremony would not be aiade a mockery
by any concealment, while if had con
fessed being responsible for his approach
ing death the church would never have
granted absolution
Our Troopa Ordered to Manila.
Washington, Sept. 25. The follow,
ing statement ia tbe war de
partment :
"The instructions of the secietary of
war were cabled to General Chaffee to
day that, pending negotiations for set
tlement, a legation guard of a regiment
of infantry, four troops of cavalry and a
light bi.tterv, under the command of
General Chaffee, nil' remain in Pekin
tor tbe protection of our minister and
American interests, and that the re
mainder ol uene'al Uhatlee s lorce,
along with the staff officers not rt quired,
stores and material, will be sent to Gen
eral MacArthur at Manila."
Murders In Mian HU
London, Sept. 25. The China inland
mission has received a cable announcing
the murder of eleven missionaries at
Sib Cheo Tauing Yaii Yang, in tbe
province of Stian Si.
Ttie American missionaries, J. 11.
Roberts, Mark WillhiniH, William
Sprngue, Mrs. Sprague and Mies Vir
ginia Murdock, who escaped from Kal
gan. Province of Chi Li, China, in June
iubt, and were chased by the Boxers
across the Gobi desert, traveling thence
by way of Siberia, will sail on tbe An
chor line eceamer City of Rome, which
is to leave Glasgow, September 27th.
Farmer For McKluley.
CmcAtio, Sept. 25. Secretary of Agri
culture Wilson arrived In Chicago today
enroute to Topeka, Kan., where he w ill
address the Good Roids convention next
"I have just concluded a week's speak
ing tour in Ohio," said the secretary,
"and I found tho agricultural district fa
vorable to McKiuley. The farmers
want no change in national policies.
The only source of doubt is the cities. I
mav tour Kaueas and Nebraska before
my return to Washington."
Boers Will Merest the ttrltlsli.
London, Sept. 25. "Messrs. Steyn
aud Keitz," says a dispatch to the Daily
Mail from Lonrenco Marques, "will
remain with the fighting burghers, and
it is estimated that a force of Boers ag
gregating from 7000 to 12,00'J is planning
to harass the British lines ol communi
Native C'hrmtlaii Women Itutrhered.
Hono Kov4, Sept. 24. Advices from
Canton say that a boatload of native
Christian women at Kuui Clink (on West
river) was (ired upon, and that the
women were then taken ashore and
butc oered in cold blood.
Million Ulttn Awer.
It i certainly gratifying to the public
to know of one concern in the land who
are not afraid to be generous to tl.e
needy and suffering. The proprietors
of Dr. Kind's New Discovery for con
sumption, cough and cold, have given j
an hv over ten mill ion trial Pottles ol ILIs
great medicine ; and hajft the satisfac
tion of knowing it has absolutely cured
thousands of, hopeless cases. Asthma,
bronchitis, hoarseness and all diseases
of the throat, chest and lungs are surely
cured by it. Call on Bl.ikeler, the
Druggist, and gpt a free trial ImtHe.
Regular size 5(c. and (1. Every battle
guaranteed, or prico refunded. 3
Iteal t.aiate (or Nkle.
Twenty-three lots, ioca'ed from Sev
enth street to Twelfth, for sale at from
$50 up. Inquire at tho Columbia
Hotel. alt) tf
Fiaal Simple at Komatipourt Was
Bloodies Fighting Spirit Gone
Burned Ail Property and Fled "to
Neutral Territory.
Nkw Yokk, Sept. 20 A dispatch
tbe Herald from Lonreue i Marques says
Tiie Boer defeat is complete. Bv dint
bard riding from Btrherton you' cot
respondent overtook first General Ham
iltun's division, then that of Genera
Pi le Carew, and finally entered Koomati
poor i. ot a snot was Doe I i or was a
Boer seen during the marvh.
Evidence of the enemy's destructive
cess was everywhere to tie seen. The
bridges bad been dynamited, the stores
buildings and homesteads looted and
burned, as bad been also the railway
properly, all the chief stations being
smoking ruins, among them being Kaap
Muiden llectorspruit and Koomatipoort
At the last place there is an enormous
area over which the Boers have wrought
The devastation includes hundreds of
wagons, trucks and carriages, which
have been burned, together with all
kinds of stores of clothing, ammunition
forage and provisions, such as sugar, cof
fee, rice, flour and stationery. Thousands
of tons are still burning. General Pole.
Carew bas secured hundreds of locotno
lives. The whale of the Selati railway
line is simply blocked with roiling stock,
On my way from Barberton I saw at
Hectorspruit the horn Boer guns and
the destroyed stores. In the Crocodile
river there were vinible literally acres of
damaged gun ammunition, wagons
dynamite mi l stores of every sort. At
Koomatipoort there were, Iteeides the
burning stores, hundreds of tons of am
munition. The enemy bad left standing
many tents.
The great waste in the effects of the
Boers was evident. Furniture, trunks
provisions, clothing and other articles
were lying about iu every direction. In
the rocky bed of the river were enor
mous quantities of stores, ammunition,
rifles, cannon and f-xulstuff.
Any good police fotce say one of 20
000 can do the rest of the wotk of
pacification for security.
it uenerai tiuiler and the others move
on to seize the passes, neither Vilioen.
the nuiv commandant general with
Steyne and Schalkberger, nor Koetze,
with the rest of the derelicts from
Koouatipoort, cuii escape through the
mountains toward Lydeubur and Piet
ersburg, while to remain in the low
veldt at this season of tbe year spells
death for men aud cattle.
The Portuguese have disarmed all the
Boer refugees taken.
Fifty truckloads, with nearlj 500 tons,
have been dumped down on tbe island
of Sheffeen.offLoiirenco Maiques.
The Irish-Anieri, an mercenaries are
clamoring for pay, and threatening the
Boer officials.
The linal collapse of tho Boer army
may be summarized as follows:
When the Boers, numbering 20C0,
evacuated Koomatipoort, they took up
positions between the Lobombo range
and the river. They had good positions,
and could have made a capital stand,
but ow ing to the disorgiiniz ition ar.d
lack of discipline they were prevalent,
they were only half hearted.
Wishing to avoid a conflict and un
necessary bloodshed, the British consul
general cons-tilted the Portuguese governor-general,
Senor Mac h ido, as to the
best course to bo pursued to attain this
end. He aked that emissaries should
lie sent up with an address to the Boers
pointing ont the nselessn"ss of continu
ing their resistance and the absolute
needle 8" r.ess of going on further. Be
sides, if they continued to tight there
was a feir of the natives rising.
Owing to the fact that the Portuguese
bail been most kind to the Boers, and as
they had guaranteed their
and repatriation and promised to rend
them back to their country free of
Charge, the schema succeeded beyond
ildest l.npos of its originator.
Instead of b Z"n coming down to
Lourenco Matqtiez, 250U arrived in this
wise. Diplomacy, therefore, triumphed
by bringing the war to a speedy and
bloodless c!oe.
1 hey Sleek Freedom.
NTKKAI., Sivt. 27. J'liree-
Montkkai., Svt. 27. Three- Moikan
delegates from Southern Russia have ar
rived here from Ottawa, accompanied
by Frank Pedley, tbe superintendent of
immigration for the Dominion govern
ment. The purposo of tbe visit is to
make arrangement with the Canadian
Pacific railway for tho transportation
j next w'nter of 7000 of their compatriots
who intend to leave the czar' domin-
ions In southern Russia to settle in the
, Canadiau northwest. Ast xm as satis
j factory arrangements have been com
I pleted, tbe initi. i jrat; ta will begin to ar
The Mo'.kans are spoken of as a high
ly desirable e!as of settlers, industrious,
and frugal, w th a know ledge of farming
and rudimentary handicrafts. They
hold peouiiar religious ter.e's. They are
Cbristains and their views are obnox
ious to the ruling authorities in Russia.
Their ideas of social and family life ari
similar to thut much persecuted sectiou
of Russian Jews. They do not object to
military service, but they have long suf
fered iimler Russian oppression, and are
lookii-g forward to a prioJ when they
can establish themselves under free In
stitutions. THE SITUATION
Boxer Leaders ia Control of the Chi
' ncse Government, and Heretofore
Pro-Foreign Viceroys Make Haste
to Get in Line with tbe Govern
ment. New Yoiik, Sept 27. A disnatch to
the Herald from Shanghai says: The
situation in China is now more serious
than ever before for those w ho are in
terested in preserving the integrity of
the empire. The Chinese government
is In the power of Boxer leaders who
are not- likely to submit to the
Empress Dowager any proposition un
favorable to them. The frieudly vice
roys ol the south are still loyal to
tbe throne and any foreign aggression
in Southern China will precipitate an
armed uprising.
Already the governor of Nganhwei
province has addressed a memorial to
the F.nperss Dowager, declaring that
his signature to tho viceroy's agreement
with the foreign consuls in Shanghai
was forged.
There is danger that the friendly
viceroys will be replaced. SUeng, the
friendly Taotai of Shanghai, has been
ordered north, and ttirit practically
means bis death.
Russia is holding all the forts nnd
strategical points from Taku to Pekin.
Rii9sja's possession of the Railway shows
by the permanent arrangement
her officers are making thut she intends
to swullow the north of China. No one
here believes that Russia will ever move-
out except under overwhelming pres
sure from the other powers.
Germany's assurance that she does
not desire territory in China, if the lat
ter be uble to pay an indemnity, is mis
leading. Her demand for the punish
ment of the leaders of the Boxers as a
condition precedent to peace negotia
tions means continued war and perhap
the complete disruption of the Chinese
government. Friendly feeling between Russia anil
Japan is increasing, France is band in
glove with Russia,
Vice-Admiral Seymour's attempt to
undertake. the .isolatedj British occupa
tion of Shanghai and to patrol the Yang
tso Kiang has weakened the British po
sition, while losing a detinue agreement
r non-partition ol the empire with
The United States is consistent but.
Lu Li Chniin Liu, who, it; is unollij-
ially Announced, is to he the new vice
roy of Canton, is anti-foreign. N
Uulesa the allies protest the friendly
Vic Toys are likely to nave no fnen-la
left in China.
The only method for dealing w ith the
situation not involving the division of
Chinese territory is through the friendly
viceroys, gradually removing tho throne
from the power of ttie Boxer leaders.
Americans on tbe spot believe that
the settlement of the present question
will decide I lie I ite of Hit enormous and
increasing American and Chinese trade.
II rave Men Fall
Victims to stomach, liver and kidney
trouble as well as women, and all feel
the results in loss of appetite, poi'ons in
he blood, bsckHche, nervoiisiie, s, bead
ache and tired, lixtless, run-down feel
ing. But there's no need to feel like
that. Listen to J. W. Gardner, Idnville,
Ind. lis says: "Electric Bitten aie
jilrtt the thing lor a mail w hen he is all
run down, nnd don't care whether be
lives or die. It did more to give me
new strength and good appetite than
anything I c mid take. I cau now eat
anything and have a n?w b'.uo on iiio."
Only lit) cents, at Blakeley's drug stort'.
Every bottle fii irautc-j-I. 3