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About The Dalles weekly chronicle. (The Dalles, Or.) 1890-1947 | View Entire Issue (April 4, 1900)
THE DALLES, WASCO COUNTY, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 4, 1D00.
It is Ediered. Tliat Preparations for a
Forward Moyement Are Already
Besiegiog Boers May Get Fooled
Situation at Biggarsberg Boers
lave a Natural Barrier to Gen.
London, March 30. The report! that
Lord Robert! will remain at Bioemfon-
tein another month are probably in
tended for Boer consumption, as the
recent movement of troops and other in
dications point to preparation!) being
well advanced for a forward movement
The entire silence of cables this morn
ing; is regard! as significant.
The fact that the Boer telegrams an
nouncing the bombardment of Mafeking
Monday or Tuesday do not claim any
success is accepted with proof that they
met with none and hopes are entertained
that it may prove to have been the final
effort to reduce the place before raising
the siege. It is now suggested that the
apparent inactivity of the British at
Warrenton is merely designed to impress
the Boers with the notion that tbey are
checking the Mafeking relief column,
which in reality is advancing by a west
Color is lent to this view by the an
nouncement that a column of 3000
mounted troops commanded by Colonel
Drummond and accompanied by three
batteries, a pontoon train and several
wagons of ammunition, passed Barkley
west March 26 on an extensive march,
the object of which is a strict secret.
Boors at HlggaraDer;,
New York, March 30. A dispatch to
the Herald from Ladysmith says : The
Bittgarsberg range, where the Boers have
taken up their new position, is a Bpur cf
the Drakensbrrg range. It is high
toward the south and forms a natural
strategical barrier to General Boiler's ad
vance. The weakness of this position
lies in its extent. There is no doubt
that General Buller will find an opening
through which he can reach the higher
plateau, and valuable coal fields around
Dundee, thus reopening the Natal
Strong Boer outposts are hovering in
the vicinity of Weasel's Nek and Allen's
Oeneral Joubert' Funeral.
New York, March 30. A dispatch to
Die Herald from Pretoria says : Gener
al Joubert's funeral took place here
Thursday. He will be buried Friday at
Kusfotitein, in his private mausoleum,
with military honors. The captured
British officers here sent a floral tribute,
Boer at Fourteen Stream.
Iketoiua , March 30. A dispatch
from Fourteen Streams north of War,
reuton, Cape Colony, says the Boers, on
March 28, opened a bombanlmmit of the
British camp during the night there,
and that the British replied feebly and
fcvaciated the place.
Queen. Victoria's Sympathy.
i-oNDos, March 30. Queen Victoria
has cabled Lord Roberts asking him to
convcj to the widow of General Joubert
her sympathy at the loss of her husband
and to tell her the British people always
regarded the dead general as a gallant
soldier and an honorable foeman.
Archibald Korbc la Head.
I.iVEiu-001., March 30. Archibald
rorbes, the well-known war correspond-
"t, died in this city last night. He
had been ill for the past six months.
Hi" wife was a daughter of Quarter-master-General
of the United States,
"hoahona Counljr Halloo Karth.
Wahiiinoton. March 30. At the
Coeur d'Alene Investigation today
Hleunenberg related various talks he
hd with General Merriam. The gov
ernor said he requested Merriam to
order troops to Shoshone county. There
was no agrenuent with Merriam that
labor organizations were to be broken
up nor any talk of suppressing them.
Tho governor was examined as to calls
on Secretary Root and said the latter
Intended to withdraw the troops fioin
guard duty October 29, The governor
called to protest against this and with
drawal was finally postponed. When
Sulzer referred to the "reign of terror
you ipaugurated," the governor
answered emphatically, "I did not in
augurate a reign of terror; it has existed
for the a)ast seven years." He said
further to Mr. Lentz, "I know that
country has been hell on earth for the
last ten years."
Representative Dick opened redirect
examination when the cross-questioning
"Did you support Bryan?" asked Dick
"Would you support him again?"
"Most assuredly j if nominated again
I will support him."
Dick inquired if Bryan had ever ex
pressed disapproval ot the governor s
course. Btennenberg said he bad never
heard from Bryan in protest or other
"Has any prospective vice-presulen-tial
candidate on'tlie Democratic ticket
protested to you?" asked Dick, amid
much laughter directed towards Sulzei
The governor said, "There has been
no such protect."
Man Who Murdered a Woman Hanged
Yesterday at Spokane Details ot
His Awful, Crime.
Spocane, March 30. George Webster
was hanged here this morning for the
murder of Mrs. Lisa ABpland, in May,
1897. The guilty man made no state
uient. His neck was broken by the fall.
George Webster was convicted of mnr
der in the first degree. He was a farm
laborer and hand for several years been
employed on farms in different portions
of Spokane county. In 1800 he had
been on the farm of the husband of the
deceased Lisa C. Aspland ; stayed there
all night; in the evening assisted the
woman in milking some cows, and in
the morning rendered her husband like
The Aspland family lived about four
miles northwest nf Cheney, Spokane
county. About Midnight May 7, 1897,
the crime was commiteed. Webster had
been drinking in the town of Cheney
the night before, and when ordered to
leave the place about 7 o'clock tn the
evening by the town constable, he was
under the influence of liquor. Webster
went to the farmhouse of Adrew Aspland
and was admitted. He said he was
looking for work and Aspland hired
him. About 11 o'clock tho family and
Webster retired f .r the night. The
woman and two little girls, aged 13 and
11 years, occupied a bed in the kitchen.
Aspland, Webster and a boy of 11 years
occupied a bedroom adjoining the parlor.
Webster got up and went through the
kitchen for a drink of water. On re
turning he stopped and caught or
squeezed the arm of one of the little
girls, who cried out and was frightened.
Mrs, Aspland told Webster to leave the
room, and lie retired to trie oeu tie naa
Mrs. Aspland, after this occurrence,
arose ana locked the kitchen aoors.
Webster made second attempt to enter
the kitchen, but found the doors locked.
He then demanded his hat and coat.
Mrs. Afpland told him to go back to
bed and he could get them in the morn
ing. He then went around to a window
of the kitchen, lowered it and demanded
his hat and coat saying he would go
back to Cheney. The woman placed
his hat on the handle of the broom and
papsed it out to him. As she was in the
act nf passing the coat out to him Web
ster shot through the window with a
revolver, the ball striking Mrs. Aspland
in the abdomen fatally wounding her.
Webster then returned to his bed and
remained there until arrested.
Webster was found guilty of murder
in the first degree by the superior court
In September 1897. The case wascarried
to the United States supreme court, but
the appeal was dismissed.
Filipino II an (Oil Yesterday.
Manila, March 30 The military
commission appointed to try the Ladrone
leaders, Morales and Gonzales, who
were accused of murdering Filipinos, has
found the prisoners guilty, and sentenced
them to be hanged near Bayambang to
day. This is the first time the sentence
of death has been passed upon the na
tives by the Americans.
The action of the military tribunal is
calculated to suppress outrages by bands
of outlaws, but it is ciiticised in some
quarters as beinj premature, owing to
the fact that the insurgents have some
00 American prisoners in their hands
and they may retaliate by executing
iiue of those,
ANSWER TO '
LETTER TO THE COUNCIL FROM
W. J. ROBERTS.
The Civil Engineer Who Planned til
Proposed Hewer tijrstem Dcrends
llie System Against the Ob
Jactlonaof the lteuioustranta.
Thb Chboniclk published last Satur
day the full text of the remonstrance
that has been addressed to the common
council against the sewer system which
the council has under consideration.
Below will be found the answer to the
objections of the remonstrants that has
been furnished the council at their re
quest by Civil Engineer Roberts, who
planned the system and made tho
estimates of cost. After the address and
formal introduction Mr. Roberts says:
The need of a sewerage svstem for The
Dalles I have never beard questioned
rrora a sanitary standpoint the city is
nnclean. Cesspools in use for forty years
are full to overflowing. The ground is
saturated with bonee-drainage. Con
ditions are favorable to develop zymotic
diseases. You can not violate the laws
of sanitation, I may almost say of decen
cy, without punishment. It tte value
of a human life is foOOG (Massachusetts
and some other states fix it thus) one
preventable death in three years would
pay the cost of the whole system and
contribute something to the sinking fund
in addition. Typhoid fever, scarlet fever,
diphtheria, yellow fever, cholera, and
others, are classed as preventable dis
eases. Hon preventable, do you ask?
By cleanliness. Remove offending
matter from the soil, and the air you
breathe will be purer.
No question arose over the disposal of
the sewerage. Nothing seemed more
natural than to discbarge the sewerage
into the Columbia where by dilution and
dispersion it would be rendered harmless.
The location of the mainsand branches
as planned has invited much criticism.
Assuming that a map of the system lies
before you, permit me to call attention
to the fact that all alleys run east and
west; that in the sewerage of any pni-
ticular block a lateral must run east and
west, either in alley or street, to a crosa
street; that the alley was adopted for
the following reasons :
First. It is a shorter distance from
the fixtures to be drained to the alley
than to the middle of the street in front.
Second. Interruption to traffic by
construction and repairs in street would
be greater than for construction in alley.
Third. The average depth would be
greater in streets that have been filled
to grade than in alleys.
All three points conspire to make the
alley lines less expensive than parallel
lines on streets.
As to having one principal intercept
ing sewer running west instead of several
smaller ones rnnning north, permit me
to quote from my report to you dated
May 11, 1899, as follows: "It may be
nrged by some that the lines flowing to
wards the river, such as the Liberty
street line, the Union, I.aughlin and
Monroe street lines should be continued
across the railroad and discharged
through separate lines into "China
Slough" or the river. Such disposal
of the sewerage would be disagreeable to
sav the least, to inhabitants of premises
north of the railroad, and the cost would
exceed the proposed plan by 1500. In
order to drain the twelve lots in the aver
age block by a single branch the sewer
must be carried throuith the alley. The
trenching and back-filling is 57 per cent
of the cost of the sewer, so that the
larger pipe of the sewer in alley north of
Second street can be laid in the same
trench as the smaller sewer at less in
crease ot 'oat tnan tne continuation
northward 200 feet or more across the
railroad track for each soarate line."
As an illustration take the four blocks
north of Second street between Union
and Langhlin. That the block between
Union and Court can be best sewered by
a line ir. the alley flowing westward
a toss Union street towards Mill Creek,
in preferance to northward on Union
street across the railroad tracks is self
exident. The westerly course is more
direct and the amount of evacuation
noticeably less. Also the crossing of a
railroad with a sewer Involves tunnell
ing and timbering at a large expense
which can be avoided by going under
the O. R. & N. Co'a track through the
trestle on the bank of Mill Creek.
Take next the block between Court
and Washington, north of Second.
Having laid the lateral through the alley
from Washington to Court, would you
after going 30 or 40 feet into Court
street turn north on Court 500 feot to
the river, or continue westward 30 or
40 feet to the line already built west
of Court street? It is true the sewer
west of Court would have to be increased
In size to admit the additional sewerage
from one blcck, but this increase
diameter of pipe require noextra trench
ing for sizes under fif'een inches in dia
meter of pipe, and the dilference in price
per foot of the pipe of average diameter
in the system and one increased enougl
to admit the sewerage from one block
amounts to one third cent per foot
$3 33 for each 1000 feet. Apply this in
creased cost from Court street to the
outlet, if you please, and it only amounts
to $4.00. Does any one think the sewer
for the block mentioned can be built
northward on Court street, across the
railroad to river for $4 00 or even fifty
times that Birr?
Take the third block, the one north
of Second, between Federal and Washing
too. At this point opinions will be ex
Dressed that the lateral sewer through
the alley should flow eastward and then
turn northward on Federal to the river
or continue east to Laughlin street six
then north to the river, this comes
from the fact that Washington street
the backbone of the city. It is notice
ably higher than cross-streets east
west of it especially at fourth and third
streets, less marked at second street
and the ridge disappears altogether on
Examine the profile ol the alley be
tween Main and Second and the eleva
tions oi Federal and Washington differ
bv less than six inches. Indeed the
natural elope of the ground is westward
Federal street being two feet higher than
a po:nt in the alley thirty feet east of
Washington, though in Washington
street an artificial fill has raised the
grade six inches above Federal. With
the sewer constructed through the alley
to Washington will it not be cheaper to
construct the sewer westward to the line
west of Washington than northward
across the railroad to "China Slough"?
The same reasoning applies to the
block north of Second street between
Federal and Laugblin, for although
Federal is 2.5 feet higher than Laughlin
on alley line this difference extends only
fifty feet east of Federal where the
difference disappears altogether and the
fall in 300 feet horizontal, or 1 in 300, it
is called, for 'one block each of 15 inch
and 12-inch pipes. A 12-inch pipe laid
on a grade of 1 in 450 has a velocity of 2
feet per second. The same pipe with a
grade of 1 in 300 flowing half full has a
velocity of 2.4G feet per second. A 15-inch
pipe under same condition has a velocity
of 3.57 feet per second, and the velocity
for either is increased 12 per cent when
flowing eight tenths full. These are all
"eelf cleansing velocities". No grade in
the svstem is flatter than 1 in 300. The
effective operation of the S-'wers with
flow may be made as easily westward ae
eastward, and if westward then across
Federal to unite with the three blocks
of sewer already mentioned.
It now remains to show that the pro
posed intercepting sewer through this
alley north of Second street -has sufficient
fall or slope to give the velocity required
to make the sewer self-cleansing. Promi
nent engineers agree that the velocities
should be greater than two feet per
second In sewers 10 to 18 inches diameter
such as this. The flattest grade pro
posed on tins line or any line is one foot
these gradients is as certain as the law
The old saj ing that "water seeks its
level" is still true, and the water will
stand in the sewers and manholes at the
s.iuie elevations as in river. The bottom
of the lowest manhole ou Union street is
thirty-two feet above low-water in tho
Columbia, and only for forty das each
year on the average does the water con
tinue above this stage. Tho branches of
the system that are submerged will re
tain a portion of the sludge until the
river recedes, when the sewers will im
mediately resume their normal con
dition. No silt from river water will
enter the sewers until the river is high
enough to flow into the manholes
through the perforated covers. Even
then tho amount will be small and Its
fineness favors its. speedy removal by
the scouring action of the sewer.
Answering the obj. ction that an eddy
exists at mouth of Mill Creek during
high water in the Columbia. I may say
that the high water period is not of mf
hVienl duration to permit the forming of
any sandy obstruction or bar at the
moMth of the e wer capable of reducing
One purpose of manholes is the ad
mission of a man with fire-hose to flush
the sewers. After the river recedes, two
men with 100 feet of hose and a hand
cart, in two days, at a cost of $10 00, will
Hindi the entire portion of the system
that has been submerged, and leave it
as clean as new. The salt-glared, vitri
fied, sewer pipe is as easily cleaned as
crockery, which it inderd is, and is not
to be classed with wooden sewers.
Hundreds of cities and towns in the
United States discharge sewers into
streams whose heights vary through
many teet. In Cambridge, Mass., the
old outlet for the principal sewer was
into the Charles river at low tide level.
Twice each day the lower portier.sof tl.e
system are submerged eleven feet by the
tide, yet the system works perfectly.
Answering the second ohj-'cticn to the
remonstrance, it is conceded that sani
tary sewers reduce the death-rate. I af
firm tliat tho expense incurred for one
serious case of diphtheria, even with
recovery, would pay the assessment for
the proper sewerage of the avenge
dwelling under the proposed system.
Answering the third objection, I be
lieve no litigation would ensue if pro
perty owners were convinced that the
system is both necessary and well de
signed, and if the payments could be
distributed over a period of 5 years.
Answering the fourth objection, I am
not familiar with the terms of your city's
charter or with the luw covering tl.e
proposed levy, but I do know that few
cities attempt tho onstroction sn l pay
ment for a sewerage system or water
works by an immediate cash levy. Ii is
customary to distribute the payments of
the cost over a period of five or fifteen
years. There are two extremes : First.
The Dalles plan : Pay the whoiesum in
advance. Second. Bond the whole city
for a long time and let the next genera
tion pay the larger part. tWalla Walla
Between these extremes many systems
have been successfully paid for. What
ever plan for meeting payments is
adopted much will be saved in cost by
constructing the whole under one con
tract. If you want the wo-k done ef
ficiently and economically have it done
W. J. Roberts,
No Itlght to I gllnrs.
The woman who is lovely in face,
form and temper will always have
friends, but one who would be attractive
must keep her health. If she is weak,
sickly and all run down, she will be
nerVcus and irritable. If she has con
stipation or kidney trouble, her impure
blood will cause pimples, blotches, skin
eruptions and a wretched complexion
Electric Bitters is the best medicine in
the world to regulate stomach, liver and
kidneys and to purify the blood. It
gives strong nerves, bright eyes, smooth,
velvety skin, rich complexion. It wi
make a good-looking, charming woman
of a run-do an invalid. Only 50 cents
at Blakcley & Houghton's drugstore.
Catarrh Cannot be Cured
with local applications, as they cannot
reach the seat of the disease. Catarrh
is a blood or constitutional disease, and
in order to cure it you must take inter
nal remedies. Hall's Catarrh Cure is
taken internally, and acts directly on
tho blood and mucous surfaces. Hall's
Catarrh Cure is not a quack medicine.
It was was prescribed by one of the best
physicians in this country for years, and
is a regular prescription. It is composed
of the best tonics known, combined with
the best blood purifiers, acting directly
on tho mucous surfaces. The perfect
combination of the two ingredients is
what produces snch wonderful results in
curing Catarrh. Send for testimonials,
F. J. Cheney & Co., Props., Toledo O.
Sold by drrnggists, price 75c.
Hall's Family Pills are the best. 12
Ootid Cough Medicine for Children
"I have no hesitancy in recommend
ing Gheii-berlain a Gough Remedy,
says F, P. Moran, a well known and
popular bakor.of Petersburg, Va. "We
have given it to our children when
troubled witli bad cough, also whoop-
ng couirb, and it has alwaj s given per
fect satisfaction. It. was lecommended
ue by a ilriw;rit as the beet eolith
me.liciiie for ctiiMrcn as it contained iio
opium or oilier harmful drug." Sold by
Lilakelev & Iloiwhton.
Dull Headache, Pains in various parts
of the body, Sinking at the Jit of the
itoiimch, L'igs of appetite, Fevei ishneis,
Pimples or Sores all positive evidences.
of impure blood. No matter how it
became so it tmit he puritli-d in order to
obtain pood health. Acker's Blood
Klcxir lua never failed to cure Scrofulous
or Syphilitic poieons or any other blood
diueaaes. It Is cerUinly a wonderful
remedy and we sell every bottle on
positive guarantee. Blakeley A Hough
ton's drug storu.
Are Brand, but skin eruptions rob life
of j y. Hucklen's Arnica Salve cures
them j also old, running and fever sore,
Ulcers, Boils, Felons, Corns, Wnrt,
Cuts, Bruises, Burns, Scalds, Clmpped
Hands, Chilblains. Beet Pile cure ou
earth. Drives out pains and aches.
Only 2f) ct. a bo. Cure guaranteed.
SolJ by Blakeley A Houghton, dnitf
PUT ART TIMS HHIDCLi. ARRIVB
r r aoM Dalles, r hum.
11:40 p. ni.
Salt I.k' , Denver, K't.
Wettb, Omaha, Kan
sas I'ity, ST. Units,
lliifago mid East.
H:.V p m
7:!) p. n
t'alla Walla, Hpokane.
MintH-Mtuili. St. I'aul,
i ii I u t h, Milwaukee,
Chicago ami Kast.
-tijn a. in
8 p. ra.
4 p. m.
For sail Fraii(-tMt
December 3. , 1J. IX.
Ex. sumiay CiilumMii Rv. Steamer.1 Kx.siiudaj
B P. III. J n
i yj AmuKiA miu "ayj
10 p. in.
t a. to.
II.LAHKTTB RlVRR. 4:30 p. m.
Oregon l ily, NewtK-rif, Ex. Sunday
Salt-in ill way Laud .
7 a. m,
WlLLAKrTTB and Yam- S::iu p m.
hiij. Kiveh. Mon.,vVed
Oregon City, Dayton, aud Frl.
and Way landings. j
ea. m. Vt ill a mitt hives.. 4::i0n. m.
Tue..Thur, Portland to Corvallis,! Mon. Wed
and Sat. aud Way-Landinga. and Friday
Riparia to U-wUton.
l . 'JJa. m
f iJT" Purlin ili'slrnifr to co to Ileptmer should
Lake No. 4, leaving 'I he liiilles at :. p. ui
inaklni; direct connections at lleppner junction
Ke'.lirulntr niakillltdirecleimnertlon at llennuer
Junction with No. 1. arriving at The Dalles at
2:65 p in.
No. !, tlirnught freight, cast bound, doea not
carry passengers; arrives 'i.M a. in., departs
No. 24, local freight, carries pasMMiffera, east
bound; arrives 4:M) p. m., departs N: 15 p. m.
No. 21, wet limine! throuith frelKht, does not.
carry passengers; arrives S:1S p in., depart
9::) p. m.
No. 23, west bound local freight, carries pas
sengers; arrives 5:15 p. m.r departs 8:o0 a. in.
For full particulars call on O. R. N. t'o.'S
agent The iallea. or address
W. H. HURLRURT,
Gen Pas. Ant., Portland, Or,
Yellowstone Park Line.
THE DINING CAR ROUTE FROM PORTLAND
TO THE EAHT.
THE ONLY DIRECT LINE TO THE YELLOW-
Union Depot. Fiftnanilisis
Fn.tt mi.il for TacomH, j
Venule, Olytnpin, GrHy
Htuborat d Smith Jtoml
iMintBf Hpokane, Rosh
1hi.i1, H. C, I'iiUiiihii,
Mtwow, I'wiston, Buf
falo lump niininft coun
try. HuleiiH, Mini.fritH-
11:15 A. M.
5; 'iO P. M.
Un, Kf. Paul, Oinnha,
KHtiBHH City, M. Ijiuia,
CbicHKO nn! all jH'intH
ent and Houthrttt.
11 ,30 P. M.
7;00 A. M.
PiiKvt Hound Kxprt'fs!
for Thcoihii and tn?attiei
ami intermediate point
Pullman first cUss and tourist sleeperM to
V innetipIIf4, rit. Paul and Mittauuil river pointn
Yustibuled train. Union depot connections
in all principal cities.
itnu'iffe cntt'KtM to uefuinnrinn or tH kets,
tor ImiifiMmielv illufttatfl determine matter.
ticket, sliepi:)K ear reservations, etc., call on or
A. D. CHARLTON,
Assistant (icnernl rumenger Aeent, 'J.Vi Morrison
Mieet, corner Kurd, J'urtlaud, Oregon.
For 30 days after April lit, I will sell
all thej)ry ti i.nl-., Clothing, Boots and
Shoes, Hosiery, Blankets, Hats and
Caps, on a cut in price of
25 per cent, for Cash.
Now is your opportunity to el bar
gains. Don't miss it.
S. L. BROOKS,
Successor to E. J. Collins It Co.
Physician and Surgeon,
Special attention glrcn to surgery.
Rooms il suJ il. Tel. Jn V .ki 111. k
Al 1UHNK Y-l A I I. la,
TIIK DAl.l.bn, IIRI.UJ
U!llc OTfr First Nat, Uaufc