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About The Dalles weekly chronicle. (The Dalles, Or.) 1890-1947 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 15, 1894)
THE DALLES WEEKLY CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1894.
The Weekly Gtonicle.
K utered t the poatoftlr it The lallt, Oivkou.
a Mumllau mutter.
' "h'k KuK'aui
BTuirY of Suite
upt. ol Public luitructioo
M I III
. C M. Mlemun
(J. N- lolih
(J. tl. MiU'hrll
i B. ItemiAuu
jv K. Klli
... V. H. IxvtX
Countv Jude- Oeo. C. BUkeley
Stwrttf. T. I. Driver
Clerk A. M. Keteay
Treasurer Ym. Michell
. . t Frank Kturaid
Commiutoner ! A BUmm
Aneuor V. II. WakrtU
Buireyor K. F. Sharp
Superintendent of Public School. . .Trov Shell.-y
THE FRUIT PROBLEM.
There is a magnificent fruit crop in
Wasco county this year, yet fruit grow
ers are somewhat discouraged on account
of the low prices. Such fruit as has
been sent East has not sold for enough
to pay for the boxes, freight and com
missions. The last lot paid for the
freight, boxes and commissions of the
Eastern house?, and part of the commis
sions of those who got up the shipment
here. It would seem onlv proper, the
fruit grower having lost both fruit and
boxes, that the fruit dealer or com mis
sion merchant should stand at least the
loss of a portion of his commission,
especially when it is through his efforts
and advice the shipment is made, and
consequently the loss incurred.
The trouble, we believe, is only a tern
porary one, which can and will be over
come. California had the same trouble
meeting with repeated losses, but she
has finally surmounted all difficulties
and her fruit shipments are enormous.
The trouble is not with the freight rates,
(though they are still too high) but with
the commission merchants in the East.
The fruit has to stand too heavy a toll,
and also to take its chances on the hon
esty of the dealer in the East. This was
aptly illustrated in the shipment of
strawberries from Hood River last year.
Berries from the same patch, picked the
same day, shipped in the same car but
to two different firms, were reported as
arriving in fine condition aud selling at
$3.60 per crate, while the other dealer
reported them badly damaged and sell
ing at f 1.70. It is so with the fruit, and
will remain so until the shipments are
heavy enough to admit the keeping of
an agent in the East to look after the
business. With the shipments being
made from The Dalies, Hood River and
Hosier, this could be done now, it some
kind of a combination could be formed
but this is probably impossible at pres.
ent. The remedy lies now in being pre.
pared to dry or can the surplus fruit un
til onr shipments will warrant the course
above suggested. Hood River is better
situated than we are, having a large pro
portion of winter apples inkier fruit crop
which can be picked at leisure and sold
when desired. Until some definite
settlement of the shipping problem is
arrived at it is the height of foolishness
to plant either plums or peaches.
Prunes can be dried and apples can be
kept, hut outside of these and the small
fruits and berries, the business is in bad
THEY ARE STRIKERS.
The boycott is declared to be contrary
to law, and is so held by the courts.
There is only one place where it and
strikes are not in a measure unlawful,
and that is in the congress of the United
States, where the laws are made and
violated. The action of the minoirty in
blocking legislation is practically a
strike, based upon the claims of the
average strikers, that is, the striker will
neither work himself nor permit others
Tom Reed's ruling while speaker was
eminently correct. It was in effect that
strikes would not be allowed in congress.
It is true that no force was used by the
minority, but when they refused to
work no one else could take their places,
and by refusing to tote or to make a
quorum it was practically following the
idea that they would neither work nor
How others to. Reed read the riot act
to the minority and laid down the doc
trine that strikes would not be per
mitted. The fact that the senate re
fused to follow Reed's ruling was what
made the last session of congress inter
minable. SENATORIAL TIMBER.
Of course it is none of our pie whom
the republicans of Washington shall see
fit to nominate and elect to congress at
the coming election. However, we can
not forbear a suggestion. The Sound
has a senator and a congressman ; East
ern Oregon has a congressman and has
had one senator. The Columbia river
section, containing a large population,
has been entirely unrepresented. Clarke,
Lewis, Cowliti, Wahkiakum, Pacific
and Lewis counties are now and have
been unrepresented. They should In
' tist on their rights.
Clarke county has tome fine political
timber, and perhaps the finest is Mr.
John D. Geoghegan, register of the land
office. Mr. Geoghegan would be a credit
to the state in the United States senate,
and If brains instead of money ia in the
asoetidaney In the next legislature, he
will gvt then. lie is an abler man than
Squire, aud U tlie peer in ability of any
man in the state.
Two northern states, Maine and Ver
mont, have held elections within the
past week. They are the first to ex-
i PreM an P,ulon " political matters
, linoe the democratic tariff bill became a
, .... , ...
i lun ,vaui.tj s
gestive. Vermont shows an
from 12,000 to 18,000 in the republican
majority, and in Maine the results are
about the same. The same state of af
fairs exists all over the country, and
gives strong indications of the public
opinion of democracy in general and the
last democratic congress in particular.
It seems that even Louisiana has had
enough of democratic tariff tinkering,
and it is feared by the democracy will
go over into the republican camp. We
do not believe this fear well grounded,
but that every northern state will hus
tle back into the republican camp in
18i, is a foregone conclusion.
The exposition building at Portland
was sold by the sheriff Tuesday to satisfy
a judgment of 62,287, and was bought
by W. E. Thomas. The company own
ing the building hope to be able to re
deem it in the near future, as it is valued
at about $200,000. It is too bad that
circumstances prevent the exposition
being held this fail. Portland people do
not realize how much interest is taken
by us country folks in the annual exposi
tion, nor do they seem to reuliie the
vast number of people the exposition
draws to the city. We regret the loss of
the annual show, and we feel certain
that the loss to Portland by its failure
will amount every year to as much as
the amount of the judgment under
which the building was sold.
Breckinridge is out in a manifesto
which is decidedly sensational. It
seems like a year since the Kentucky
col. took the stump in the defense of his
own and democratic principles, Out in
this country where a six week's cam
paign is considered large enough to tell
all the mean things we know about one
another it does not seem possible that
all the windy arguments, torch light
processions and killings were but the
prelude to the nomination, and that the
fight is to be made yet, but such is the
case, It is conceded now that Urecken-
ridge's chances for the nomination are
exceedingly good, and if nominated on
the democratic ticket in Kentucky, like
the Irishman's duck all creation couldn't
The silver question is the one on which
the political campaigns of most of tiie
western states will be fought. In Cal
ifornia all the platforms are in favor of
it. Nevada has made it the sole issue,
and so has Colorado. Wyoming and
Montana are shoulder to shoulder fight
ing for it and Idaho is not behind them.
Utah is remaining quiet waiting for
statehood, so are Arizona and New
Mexico, but that accomplished they will
join in the cry for silver. It is probable
that the silver senators and congressman
will be strong enough to force the issre
at the next session of congress by block
ing all legislation unless their terms are
Senator Peffer says that the last ses
sion of congress was stupid failure.
Senator Peffer is undoubtedly correct,
but he has no kick coming, for he did
) "i best to make it what it was. He
was an ardent free-trader until it came
to salt.wbich is manufactured on a large
scale in his district, when he voted for
protection on that. We will do the old
senatorial hirsute appendage the justice
to say that he voted for protection to
wool for the very sensible reason that
if the Eastern manufacturer was to bave
protection on his goods, the woolgrower
ought to be put on an equal footing with
The "Kid," the celebrated Apache
renegade killed a cowboy named Philley
about a week ago. The sheriff and a
posse of cowboys are on the murderers
trail and it is heped will capture him.
This one individual somehow manages
to keep all Western Arizona and South
eastern California in a state of terror.
He seems also to bear a charmed life and
all plans heretofore made tor his capture
bave fallen through. Of course this can
not continue forever and sooner or later
the kid will suffer for his misdeeds, and
the sooner the better.
It is a healthy sign that the tide of
travel of the immigrant class has turned
the other way, and that tor once the
gates of Castle Garden swing outwards
to permit the Slavs and Italians to re
turn to whence they came. Many of
them have left California, and the iron
regions of Pennsylvania also report a
heavy exodus. The American people
will rejoice t" know that this class of
foreigners is leaving us, and will have
no objections to make against a million
or two more getting an effective dose of
Don Pio Pico, the last Mexican gov
ernor of California, died at Los Angeles
Tuesday. He was almost 94 years of
ago, having been born in San Gabriel in
1801. He became temporary governor
Februrry 22, 1845, and was confirmed in
office April 18, 1846, holding the office
until California came into the posses
sion of the United States.
BETTER LOOK AT HOME.
A company of Englishmen with noth
ing else to do, have arranged to come to
this country for the purpose of examin
ing into the lynching of negroes in the
Booth. The New York World recently
sent telegrams to tome of the governors
of the southern states for their opiuion
concerning the expected visit and among
other replies received the following from
Governor Northern of Georgia :
"The people of this state are quite
able to administer their own affairs, aud
they are doing it in full justice to the
negro, as our laws and conduct attest.
We have already endured more outside
interference in our local matters than
we will submissively tolerate in the
future. Let these kindly-disposed En
glishmen return to their own country
and prevent, by law, the inhumau sale
of virtuous girls to lustful men in high
places; hang all such demons as Jack
the Kipper; punish as it deserves the
barbarous wholesale slaughter ot negroes
in Africa by Englishmen, who go there
to steal their gold; supply the necessi
ties to prevent bread aud labor riots and
strikes, which are wholly unknown in
the South ; feed and give employment to
the poor as do the people of my section ;
give to the oppressed Irishmen the
rights humanity demands. And, when
they shall bave pulled the beum out of
their own eyes, thy may, with better
grace, appoint themselves a committee
to mint for the mote that mar be in our
"While we have irregularities at the
South and negroes are sometimes
lynched, they are never slaughtered by
the wholesale, as Englishmen sometimes
destroy them. I send you by mail the
law and record of these matters, aud I
challenge not only the English committee
on lynchingat the South, but I challenge
the civilized world to find a letter.
Why come as an investigation to de
nounce the South just prior to congres
sional elections, when we have just had
a negro lynched in Kansas, April 2, and
another in Ohio Sunday, April 15, and
when the white Poles and Hungarians
have recently been butchered in Penn
sylvania and negroes run out of Franklin
N. J., in herds? We challenge investi
gation by all persons who have the right
to investigate these charges; but any
attempt upon the part of the English,
tainted by their own national crimes, to
arraign us for trial must be considered
as a gross impertinence."
SOME WHEAT FIGURES.
Wheat is selling here at 30 cents per
bushel. That the farmer can live at
this is presumed, partly bocause be will
have to. With phenomenal crops the
farmer can exist at the present price ;
but exist is all he can do, and that only
because he gets a job of hauling, of
plowing, or other work which gives him
small wages. But where the labor is
paid for at average and customary wages
wheat cannot be grown at the price.
it interest is counted on the money in
vested in lands and stock necessary to
cultivate it, the crop would not pay the
bill. We have been shown an estimate
made by a Palouse man who owns 1C0
acres of good farming land, and who
hires all the work done on his farm.
This estimate would hold good here.
In this the cost of plowing, eowing, har
rowing, seed and taxes is given at $2.50
per acre, and the other items are put
down as follows:
Cost of planting $ 400 f 1
Heading (r $1.50 per acre 240 i
Threshing 4,000 bushels 240 f
Sacks 140 C)
Hauling 100 00
Total $1120 00
The yield at twenty-five bushels to
the acre would be 4,000 bushels, aud the
cost is just 28 cents per bushels. As the
cost of hauling here would be on an
average at the lowest 10 cents a sack,
or $200, the Palouse estimate would
bave to be changed in that much, or
making the total cost of the crop de
livered $1210, or a trifle over 30 cents.
As the cost of growing and beading
would be the same regardless of yield, it
will be easily seen .that any less yield
than twenty-five bushels would cause a
loss at the price. The thing that makes
it possible for the farmer to live at all is
that he does all, or nearly all the work
himself, thus setting small wages for bis
labor. There is no such thing in it as
profit or interest on his investment.
With an average yield of fifteen bushels
per acre there would be 2,400 bushels on
160 acres. The cost of growing would
be the same, $400; of heading, $240; of
threshing, $144; sacks, $84; hauling,
$140; or a total of $1008, or 42 cents a
bushel actual cost.
Weather Observer Pague is on his on
way home from Washington, where he
has been taking part in competitive
examination concerning weather knowl
edge, barometric information, thermo
metry theories, isothermic conditions,
precipitation, and a thousand one other
things ornamental and picturesque.
Pagje is an expert on weather proba
bilities, and if he had gotten a fair show
would bave cropped out at the top of
the department back in Washington.
As it was he was second best man, and
in the testa made no Pacific coast prob
lem was presented for solution.
We must confess that we are not at
all hopeful about the completion of the
locks in the very near future. Last
year we thought they would be done in
18116, but noting the progress made upon
the work since the Pay Bros, took
charge, we are forced to believe that
they will perhaps be completed with the
eeutury. The Day Bios, have done
good work ami lots of it, but the ele
ments have beeu against them, and the
contract is larger than they anticipated.
We hope our tears are groundless, but
long waiting has caused us to lose confi
dence in the work, the government, and
nearly everything connected with the
The coat of moving wheat from the
Palouse country to Portland is 14 '4
cents per bushel, and the market price
of wheat Is from 20S, to 28 cents. The
cost from here is 6 cents a bushel, and
the price is 30 cents. It the wheat is as
good, which it is presumed to be, why
should not the price be 8 cents more
than in the Palouse, since there is that
difference in the freight? Again, wneat
is selling at 70 cents per hundred in
Portland, or 42 cents per bushel, and
the freight is fi cents, leaving lit! rents,
with 3 cents for warehouse dues and
commissions, why should not the
price here be at least 33 cents?
The great Chinese general and state
man, LI HuugChang, is in danger of los
ing hlttfiead as well as his yellow jacket.
All the reverses with which the Chinese
arms have met are ascribed to him. It
is little satisfaction to be a boss states
man in China, where the boss is held
responsible for the acts of those under
him, as well as the cowardice of the
army If such a rule could Vie worked
at Washington that would be less jingo
statesmanship and more patriotism.
How would the democratic party size up
just now if held responsible for the busi
ness condition of the country to the ex
ent of beheading the leaders.
California celebrated her 44tb anni
versary on the 10th. Appropriate ex
ercises were held in all the principal
Fkiday, Sept. 14. There is but little
to say about the market or the market
conditions. Trade has been rattier light
in all lines excepting that of -the pro
vision, which keeps its usual activity.
Prices bave not materially changed in
anything from last week's report, un
less it lie in eggs and poultry. The
former are firm and scarce at 15 cents
per dozen. Spring fowls are quite a
ready sale at $1.50 to $2.25 per de.eu,
and old fowls find a fair sale at $2.50 to
The butter market is better supplied
with good choice at 45 to 50 cents per
roll than it was a week ago.
The potato market remains steady,
and 50 to HO cents per 100 lbs. is the
ruling price paid.
Onions are in fair demand at $1.50
per 100 lbs.
Fruit is plentiful and quotations vary
according to kinds and quality: Ap
ples 30 to 50 cents cr box ; peucbes 25
to 75 cents per box of twenty lbs.
Grapes are in great abundance and are
offered at 2 cent per lb in modcrare
quantities. We are informed that the
range in ton quantities is 1 to I1... cents
Tomatoes are ((noted ut 1 '2 per lb.
The cereal question is a matter of
souio discussion as to the future proba
bility of the market. Foreign advices
give no encouragement. The latest in
formation at hand leads one to come to
the conclusion that there is a shadowed
future for the wheat market. Beer
bohm, in London, estimates the world's
product August 1st at 2,427,000,000
bushels of wheat against 2,420,000,000
last year. On August 30th the govern
ment estimates put down the surplus of
the United States at 100,000,000 over
It will be seen that the foregoing shad
ows the future with doubt as relates to
brighter hopes. Some enthusiasts pre
dict that the reported shortage in the
corn crop will cause wheat to ascend a
higher scale in the markets. The fact
is that there ia a large surplus of nearly
80,000,000 bushels carried over from last
harvest, which will augment the volume
for export this harvest year. Wisdom
suggests the folly of building on base
Dalles quotations are 30 to 33 cents
The wool market is practically over
for the season and there are no quota
tions to give. '
Whrat 30 to 31c per bu.
Babi.t Prices are up to 60 to 80c
cents per 100 lbs.
Oats The oat market is light at 60
to 80 cents per 100 lbs.
Floctb Diamond brand at $2 50 per
bbl. per ton and $2 75 per bbl. retail.
Hay Timothy hay ranges in price
from $10 to $12 per ton, according to
quality and condition. Wheat hay is
in full stock on a limited demand at
$7 50 to $8 50 per ton.
Potatoes 50 to 75 cents per 100 11.
Bom a Fresh roll butter at 35 to 50
cents per roll.
Eoos Good fresh eggs sell at 13) to
Poci-tbt Good fowls are quoted at
$1.25 to $2.25 per dozen, turkeys 8 cents
Bur a Mutton Beef cattle are In
less demand at $1.50 per 100
weight gross to $2.00 for extra good.
Mutton is now quoted at 1), to 2 cents
per lb. gross. Pork offerings are light
and prices are nominal gross
weight at S cents dressed.
Corna Cost Rica, Is quoted at 24e
tlew York Weekly Tribune
THE CALIFORNIA WINEHOUSE.
am. kinds op
California Wines at Low Prices.
FREE DELIVERY TO
Call on or address CHAS.
per lb., by the sack. Salvadore, 23'c.
Si'oar Golden C. In bbls or sack ,
$5 7."; Extra C, frt 00; Dry granulated
ft! 50. I). G., in 30 lb boxes, $2 75. Ex
C, $2 25. GC $2 00.
Kim Japan rice, ti'2(t7c; Island,
rice, 7 cts.
Brans Small whites, 4T,5c;
Pink, 4'j.c per 100 lbs.
Sykup $2 50 to i'l 00 a keg.
Salt Liverpool, 501b sk, 65c; 1001b
sk,$l 00; 2001b sk, $2 00. Stock salt,
$10 per ton.
Sulpiii'b 2 cents per pound.
IIIDKS AND PITHS,
IiuiKM Are quoted as follows: Dry,
2.V lb; green,
Siikkp Pki.th 25 to 50 ca. Deerskins,
20c lb for winter and .')0c for summer.
Dressed, light $1 lb, heavy 75o lb. Ik-ar-skins,
$8ir12 ea; heaver, $3 50 lb;
otter, $5 ; lislier, $5w$5 50 : silver gray
fox, $ll)(rf$25; red fox, $1 25; grey fox
2 5l)$3: martin, $1"$1 25; mink
50c('i55c ; coon, 50c; coyote, 50crr75c.
Gkain B.ih l!1 to each.
Following is the list of letters remain
ing in the postollie at The Dalles un
called for Sept. 15, 18!4. Persons calling
for the same will give date on which
they were advertised :
Baxter, Mrs Julia (2)Collins, Miss Ora
Couirnan, Mrs 1. Davidson, Mrs M
Laughlin, Miss L Lusher, Mrs 1' (2)
Obores, Mrs Soul Parker, Mrs Hattie
Powers, Mrs Agnes keed, Mrs M
Sems, Mary (2) Vance, Mrs 8 B
Wergin, Mrs D Wellington, Mrs U
Wobert, Miss Annie Wood, Mrs John
Birchard, G W
Grain, W S
Fuller, J L
Haverly, J B
Hickok, C G & Co
Kinyon, H (3)
I.acello, Thos J
Osborne, W II
Page, W H
Stophens, II P
Smith, H II
White, C L
Brown, C M
Chrisinger, F H
Faucher, D (2)
Iacy A Co
Merritt, J M
Morgan. O 8 (5)
Parker, L C
Pratt, C (2)
Taylor, J A
Wash, W A
White, J L
(Juarls, K W
J. A. CllONHBN, P. M.
Notice is hereby given that the annual
meeting of the stockholders of the
Wasco Warehouse Ompany will 1
held at the office of French A Co., The
Dalles, Oregon, on Friday, September
2, 1804, at 3:30 o'clock p. m., for the
purpose of electing directors for the en
suing year, and for the transaction of
such other business as may come before
J. W. Frrncfi, Pres.
Attest: Smith Fbrnch, Sec. 4w
The Dalles, Or., August 20, 1894.
People who live in new countries are
liable to be prostrated by malarial fev
ers. Inhabitants of cities, by reason of
bad drainage and unwholesome odors,
suffer from similar diseases. Ayer's
Ague Cure ia warranted a specific for all
ANY PART OF THE CITY.
BECHT The Dalles, Or.
T a,, 1ls ITEiagiiaaaggKlTunTT-
POLAND CHINA HOGS
i?" on. BAXiin.
Thirty-five head for IHiq, sired by
Center Free Trade, son of the Great
Free Trade hog of Ohio, sold for $800,
the highest priced hog ever sold in the
United State, assisted bv on Terumseh
Chip Jr 2188H, sold for $200.
Owing to the hard times, I will sell
for the next three months, mv pigs for
$20 each, or $35 per pair. Will box and
deliver at nearest station free.
Conn and see them or write.
No business done on Sundays.
A. A. Brown,
Kwp lull mortmsut ol
Staple and Fancy Groceries,
which hm olfara at Low Figure.
SPEGIAIt :-: PHICES
to Cash Buyers.
HidhBst Casl Prices for Im and
170 SECOND STREET.
Wasco warenouse Co.,
Receives Goods on Stor
age, and Forwards same to
For Sale on Commission.
Vv. W. Co.
' THI DALLBS, OB